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October 13, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Angela Hou, Brandon Cohen, Adele Haimovic, Nada Elbuluk
BACKGROUND: Microneedling is a minimally invasive procedure that uses fine needles to puncture the epidermis. The microwounds created stimulate the release of growth factors and induce collagen production. The epidermis remains relatively intact, therefore helping to limit adverse events. The indications for microneedling therapy have grown significantly, and it is becoming a more widely used treatment in dermatology. OBJECTIVE: A comprehensive review of microneedling in human subjects and its applications in dermatology...
October 13, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Yoon Seob Kim, Kwan Ho Jeong, Jung Eun Kim, Young Jun Woo, Beom Joon Kim, Hoon Kang
BACKGROUND: Microneedle is a method that creates transdermal microchannels across the stratum corneum barrier layer of skin. No previous study showed a therapeutic effect of microneedle itself on hair growth by wounding. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of repeated microwound formed by microneedle on hair growth and hair growth-related genes in a murine model. METHODS: A disk microneedle roller was applied to each group of mice five times a week for three weeks...
October 2016: Annals of Dermatology
Sanjiv Sharma, Zhenyi Huang, Michelle Rogers, Martyn Boutelle, Anthony E G Cass
We describe here a minimally invasive glucose biosensor based on a microneedle array electrode fabricated from an epoxy-based negative photoresist (SU8 50) and designed for continuous measurement in the dermal compartment with minimal pain. These minimally invasive, continuous monitoring sensor devices (MICoMS) were produced by casting the structures in SU8 50, crosslinking and then metallising them with platinum or silver to obtain the working and reference electrodes, respectively. The metallised microneedle array electrodes were subsequently functionalised by entrapping glucose oxidase in electropolymerised polyphenol (PP) film...
October 15, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Salzitsa Anastasova, Blair Crewther, Pawel Bembnowicz, Vincenzo Curto, Henry Md Ip, Bruno Rosa, Guang-Zhong Yang
In sport, exercise and healthcare settings, there is a need for continuous, non-invasive monitoring of biomarkers to assess human performance, health and wellbeing. Here we report the development of a flexible microfluidic platform with fully integrated sensing for on-body testing of human sweat. The system can simultaneously and selectively measure metabolite (e.g. lactate) and electrolytes (e.g. pH, sodium) together with temperature sensing for internal calibration. The construction of the platform is designed such that continuous flow of sweat can pass through an array of flexible microneedle type of sensors (50µm diameter) incorporated in a microfluidic channel...
September 21, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Bryce Chiang, Nitin Venugopal, Henry F Edelhauser, Mark R Prausnitz
The purpose of this work was to determine the effect of injection volume, formulation composition, and time on circumferential spread of particles, small molecules and polymeric formulation excipients in the suprachoroidal space (SCS) after microneedle injection into New Zealand White rabbit eyes ex vivo and in vivo. Microneedle injections of 25-150 μL Hank's Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) containing 0.2 μm red-fluorescent particles and a model small molecule (fluorescein) were performed in rabbit eyes ex vivo, and visualized via flat mount...
October 11, 2016: Experimental Eye Research
Renxin Wang, Wei Wang, Zhihong Li
Silicon microneedle arrays (MNAs) have been widely studied due to their potential in various transdermal applications. However, discrete MNAs, as a preferred choice to fabricate flexible penetrating devices that could adapt curved and elastic tissue, are rarely reported. Furthermore, the reported discrete MNAs have disadvantages lying in uniformity and height-pitch ratio. Therefore, an improved technique is developed to manufacture discrete MNA with tunable height-pitch ratio, which involves KOH-dicing-KOH process...
October 9, 2016: Sensors
Eun Kim, Geza Erdos, Shaohua Huang, Thomas Kenniston, Louis D Falo, Andrea Gambotto
Since it emerged in Brazil in May 2015, the mosquito-borne Zika virus (ZIKV) has raised global concern due to its association with a significant rise in the number of infants born with microcephaly and neurological disorders such as Guillain-Barré syndrome. We developed prototype subunit and adenoviral-based Zika vaccines encoding the extracellular portion of the ZIKV envelope gene (E) fused to the T4 fibritin foldon trimerization domain (Efl). The subunit vaccine was delivered intradermally through carboxymethyl cellulose microneedle array (MNA)...
October 3, 2016: EBioMedicine
Hao Wang, Giorgia Pastorin, Chengkuo Lee
A wearable adhesive skin patch for transdermal drug delivery is developed with bendable microneedles, dry adhesive and triboelectric energy harvester (TEH). The bendable microneedle array can overcome the needle breakage issue. The dry adhesive can realize a conformal attachment. The TEH can generate power when attached on flat skin or joint to power active components to be integrated in the future.
September 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Raghu Raj Singh Thakur, Ismaiel A Tekko, Farhan Al-Shammari, Ahlam A Ali, Helen McCarthy, Ryan F Donnelly
In this study, dissolving microneedles (MNs) were used to enhance ocular drug delivery of macromolecules. MNs were fabricated using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) polymer of various molecular weights (MWs) containing three model molecules of increasing MW, namely fluorescein sodium and fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextrans (with MW of 70 k and 150 k Da). Arrays (3 × 3) of PVP MNs with conical shape measuring about 800 μm in height with a 300 μm base diameter, containing the model drugs, were fabricated and characterized for their fracture forces, insertion forces (in the sclera and cornea), depth of penetration (using OCT and confocal imaging), dissolution time and in vitro permeation...
October 5, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Bishwa B Adhikari, James L Goodson, Susan Y Chu, Paul A Rota, Martin I Meltzer
OBJECTIVE: Currently available measles vaccines are administered by subcutaneous injections and require reconstitution with a diluent and a cold chain, which is resource intensive and challenging to maintain. To overcome these challenges and potentially increase vaccination coverage, microneedle patches are being developed to deliver the measles vaccine. This study compares the cost-effectiveness of using microneedle patches with traditional vaccine delivery by syringe-and-needle (subcutaneous vaccination) in children's measles vaccination programs...
October 1, 2016: Drugs in R&D
Yotam Levin, Efrat Kochba, Georgi Shukarev, Sarah Rusch, Guillermo Herrera-Taracena, Pierre van Damme
BACKGROUND: Influenza remains a significant problem in elderly despite widespread vaccination coverage. This randomized, phase-I study in elderly compared different strategies of improving vaccine immunogenicity. METHODS: A total of 370 healthy participants (⩾65years) were randomized equally 1:1:1:1:1:1 to six influenza vaccine treatments (approximately 60-63 participants per treatment arm) at day 1 that consisted of three investigational virosomal vaccine formulations at doses of 7...
October 17, 2016: Vaccine
Eva M Vicente-Pérez, Helen L Quinn, Emma McAlister, Shannon O'Neill, Lezley-Anne Hanna, Johanne G Barry, Ryan F Donnelly
PURPOSE: To evaluate the combination of a pressure-indicating sensor film with hydrogel-forming microneedle arrays, as a method of feedback to confirm MN insertion in vivo. METHODS: Pilot in vitro insertion studies were conducted using a Texture Analyser to insert MN arrays, coupled with a pressure-indicating sensor film, at varying forces into excised neonatal porcine skin. In vivo studies involved twenty human volunteers, who self-applied two hydrogel-forming MN arrays, one with a pressure-indicating sensor film incorporated and one without...
September 15, 2016: Pharmaceutical Research
Xiaohui Guo, Wei Wang
INTRODUCTION: The morbidity of diabetes mellitus is increasing, and subcutaneous injection of exogenous insulin is well established as an effective therapeutic strategy for reducing complications associated with the disease. However, the pain that accompanies repeated injections is an important drawback, and can detrimentally affect the adherence to therapy. Recently, there have been great improvements in injection devices and techniques, including the development of microneedle systems and quantitative injection technologies, which have increased the accuracy of injection, decreased leakage of insulin to the skin surface, and reduced pain...
September 14, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Suyong Kim, Minjoo Park, Huisuk Yang, Manita Dangol, Shayan F Lahiji, Inyoung Huh, Miroo Kim, Jaeick Lee, Junghyun Son, Hyungil Jung
Dissolving microneedle (DMN), a transdermal drug delivery in which biological drugs are encapsulated in biodegradable and biocompatible polymers, was fabricated using epidermal growth factor (EGF) as a model drug and hyaluronic acid (HA) as a backbone polymeric matrix. After mixing calibration and DMN samples with insulin, an internal standard, solid phase extraction (SPE) was performed to separate EGF and insulin from HA, and then liquid chromatography electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS) was conducted for microgram-scale quantitation...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Seon Yong Park, Hyuck Hoon Kwon, Ji Young Yoon, Seonguk Min, Dae Hun Suh
BACKGROUND: Fractional microneedling radiofrequency (FMR) is an emerging treatment modality, but its effect on rosacea has not been studied yet. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential impact of FMR treatment on clinical improvement and histologic changes in rosacea patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 12-week, prospective, randomized, split-face clinical trial was conducted. Two sessions of FMR were performed on one side of the cheeks with 4-week interval and the other side remained untreated...
September 7, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Ashley R Johnson, Cassie L Caudill, John R Tumbleston, Cameron J Bloomquist, Katherine A Moga, Alexander Ermoshkin, David Shirvanyants, Sue J Mecham, J Christopher Luft, Joseph M DeSimone
Microneedles, arrays of micron-sized needles that painlessly puncture the skin, enable transdermal delivery of medications that are difficult to deliver using more traditional routes. Many important design parameters, such as microneedle size, shape, spacing, and composition, are known to influence efficacy, but are notoriously difficult to alter due to the complex nature of microfabrication techniques. Herein, we utilize a novel additive manufacturing ("3D printing") technique called Continuous Liquid Interface Production (CLIP) to rapidly prototype sharp microneedles with tuneable geometries (size, shape, aspect ratio, spacing)...
2016: PloS One
Michael R Hollingdale, Martha Sedegah, Keith Limbach
INTRODUCTION: Malaria remains a major threat to endemic populations and travelers, including military personnel to these areas. A malaria vaccine is feasible, as radiation attenuated sporozoites induce nearly 100% efficacy. AREAS COVERED: This review covers current malaria clinical trials using adenoviruses and pre-clinical research. Heterologous prime-boost regimens, including replication-deficient human adenovirus 5 (HuAd5) carrying malaria antigens, are efficacious...
September 8, 2016: Expert Review of Vaccines
James M Spencer, Scott A Freeman
INTRODUCTION: Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) with topical Levulan is an approved and efficacious method for treating actinic keratoses. This therapy depends on the ability of the Levulan (delta amino levulinic acid) to penetrate the stratum corneum and enter the cells of the epidermis. Microneedling is an increasing popular cosmetic therapy in which an array of tiny needles is used to make holes in the epidermis and presumably induce a wound healing cascade that leads to cosmetic improvement of the skin...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Shinji Kobuchi, Miki Aoki, Chiaki Inoue, Hiroyuki Murakami, Akiko Kuwahara, Tsutomu Nakamura, Hiroyuki Yasui, Yukako Ito, Kanji Takada, Toshiyuki Sakaeda
Recent clinical trials showed prolonged retention of subinhibitory unbound azithromycin concentrations in the interstitial fluid of soft tissues, despite the fact that azithromycin is extensively distributed in tissues. In these clinical trials, interstitial fluid samples were obtained using the microdialysis method, and it was established that drug concentrations represent protein-unbound drug concentrations. The present study was designed to measure total azithromycin concentrations in the interstitial fluid of the skin of rats by directly collecting interstitial fluid samples from a pore formed on the skin by a dissolving microneedle array...
September 6, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
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