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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441517/mild-cognitive-impairment-and-driving-does-in-vehicle-distraction-affect-driving-performance
#1
Ion N Beratis, Dimosthenis Pavlou, Eleonora Papadimitriou, Nikolaos Andronas, Dionysia Kontaxopoulou, Stella Fragkiadaki, George Yannis, Sokratis G Papageorgiou
OBJECTIVES: In-vehicle distraction is considered to be an important cause of road accidents. Drivers with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), because of their attenuated cognitive resources, may be vulnerable to the effects of distraction; however, previous relevant research is lacking. The main objective of the current study was to explore the effect of in-vehicle distraction on the driving performance of MCI patients, by assessing their reaction time at unexpected incidents and accident probability...
April 22, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439819/lengthening-of-the-humerus-with-intramedullary-lengthening-nails-preliminary-report
#2
Julian Fürmetz, Søren Kold, Nikola Schuster, Florian Wolf, Peter H Thaller
Distraction osteogenesis of the humerus with fully implantable lengthening is now possible since the diameter of the available nails was reduced to 10 mm and below. We report on the first intramedullary lengthening cases of the humerus with two different lengthening devices (FITBONE and PRECICE). Two different approaches and implantation techniques were used. We retrospectively reviewed clinical and radiographic data and pointed out results, pitfalls and complications of the procedure. Four adult patients with relevant length discrepancy of the humerus were treated with fully implantable systems in two centers between 2012 and 2015...
April 24, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439207/incidence-and-perception-of-nursing-students-academic-incivility-in-oman
#3
Jansi Natarajan, Joshua Kanaabi Muliira, Jacoba van der Colff
BACKGROUND: The incidence of incivility in nursing education is increasing in most countries and it is affecting the culture of safety and the teaching-learning processes. Despite reports of increasing trends, little is known about nursing students' academic incivility in the Middle East. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions and extent of academic incivility among nursing students (NS) and nursing faculty members (NF) in a university based undergraduate nursing program in Oman...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437756/local-dynamic-stability-and-gait-variability-during-attentional-tasks-in-young-adults
#4
Rina Márcia Magnani, Georgia Cristina Lehnen, Fábio Barbosa Rodrigues, Gustavo Souto de Sá E Souza, Adriano de Oliveira Andrade, Marcus Fraga Vieira
Cell phone use while walking may be a cognitive distraction and reduce visual and motor attention. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the effects of attentional dual-tasks while using a cell phone in different conditions. Stability, regularity, and linear variability of trunk kinematics, and gait spatiotemporal parameters in young adults were measured. Twenty young subjects of both genders were asked to walk on a treadmill for 4min under the following conditions: (a) looking forward at a fixed target 2...
April 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437333/correction-capability-in-the-3-anatomic-planes-of-different-pedicle-screw-designs-in-scoliosis-instrumentation
#5
Xiaoyu Wang, Carl-Eric Aubin, John Coleman, Jeremy Rawlinson
STUDY DESIGN: Computer simulations to compare the correction capabilities of different pedicle screws in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) instrumentations. OBJECTIVE: To compare the correction and resulting bone-screw forces associated with different pedicle screws in scoliosis instrumentations. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pedicle screw fixation is widely used in surgical instrumentation for spinal deformity treatment. Screw design, correction philosophies, and surgical techniques are constantly evolving to achieve better control of the vertebrae and correction of the spinal deformity...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436837/passive-bci-in-operational-environments-insights-recent-advances-and-future-trends
#6
Pietro Arico, Gianluca Borghini, Gianluca Di Flumeri, Nicolina Sciaraffa, Alfredo Colosimo, Fabio Babiloni
OBJECTIVE: this mini-review aims to highlight recent important aspects to consider and evaluate when passive Brain-Computer Interface (pBCI) systems would be developed and used in operational environments, and remarks future directions of their applications. METHODS: Electroencephalography (EEG)-based pBCI has become an important tool for real-time analysis of brain activity, since it could potentially provide, covertly - without distracting the user from the main task - and objectively - not affected by the subjective judgement of an observer or the user itself - information about the operator cognitive state...
April 17, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435583/ulnar-osteotomy-with-2-pin-unilateral-gradual-distraction-for-treatment-of-chronic-monteggia-fracture-a-case-report
#7
S G Gooi, C S Wang, A Saw, O Zulkiflee
Missed Monteggia fracture leading to chronic radial head dislocation is a known complication. The surgical treatment options remain challenging. The aim of treatment is to reduce the radial head and to maintain the stability of the elbow in all ranges of motion. A few surgical techniques have been described with complications. We report the case of a 13 years old boy with chronic radial head dislocation as a result of an unrecognised Monteggia fracture-dislocation for eight years. We successfully reduced the radial head and corrected the cubital valgus from 45 degrees to 10 degrees with a proximal ulna osteotomy and gradual distraction with 2-pin Monotube external fixator...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435357/effectiveness-of-audiovisual-distraction-with-computerized-delivery-of-anesthesia-during-the-placement-of-stainless-steel-crowns-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#8
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Hisham El Batawi, M O Gorduysus
OBJECTIVE: Assessing effectiveness of audiovisual (AV) distraction with/without video eyewear and computerized delivery system-intrasulcular (CDS-IS) for local anesthesia during placement of stainless steel crowns for the management of pathological tooth grinding in children with Down syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical study includes 22 children (13 boys and 9 girls), with mean age being 7.1 years. The study involved three sessions 1-week apart. During Session I, dental prophylaxis to the upper jaw was done while watching a movie projected on the ceiling without video eyewear whereas prophylaxis for the lower jaw and impressions of both jaws were taken while watching another movie using eyewear projection...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434528/canine-hip-dysplasia-screening-within-the-united-states-pennsylvania-hip-improvement-program-and-orthopedic-foundation-for-animals-hip-elbow-database
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer K Reagan
Canine hip dysplasia (CHD) is a complex, polygenic disease radiographically associated with hip subluxation and development of osteoarthritis. Screening programs have been established with the goal of hip improvement, with the most common in the United States being OFA hip scoring and the PennHIP method. When evaluating the single hip-extended view used by OFA versus the 3 radiographic views and associated distraction index (DI) used by PennHIP for CHD screening, the scientific evidence supports the use of the DI and PennHIP method...
April 20, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434384/a-healthbot-future-utopian-dystopian-distraction
#10
Carly Dakin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434173/the-effect-of-resilience-on-task-persistence-and-performance-during-repeated-exposure-to-heat-pain
#11
P Maxwell Slepian, Christopher R France
The Pain Resilience Scale was recently developed to assess dimensions of resilience critical to pain-related adaptation and was found to predict experimental pain sensitivity in a pain-free population. Pain resilience has also been theoretically linked to behavioral persistence despite pain. To date, however, this hypothesis has not been experimentally tested. To address this gap in the literature, in the current study 105 healthy young adults underwent a baseline administration of the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT), a stressful mental arithmetic task, delivered with somatosensory distraction (i...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433773/who-s-calling-social-networks-and-mobile-phone-use-among-motorcyclists
#12
Chris De Gruyter, Long T Truong, Hang T T Nguyen
Mobile phone use while riding a motorcycle poses a key safety risk, particularly among younger people who have been found to be more susceptible to distracted driving. While previous research has examined the influence of social networks on mobile phone use while driving a car, no research has explored this association in the context of motorcycle use. Using a survey of university students in Vietnam, this research explores the association between social networks and mobile phone use among motorcyclists and the links this has to reported crashes/falls...
April 20, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430039/distractor-resistant-stm-is-supported-by-transient-changes-in-neural-stimulus-representations
#13
Jan Derrfuss, Matthias Ekman, Michael Hanke, Marc Tittgemeyer, Christian J Fiebach
Goal-directed behavior in a complex world requires the maintenance of goal-relevant information despite multiple sources of distraction. However, the brain mechanisms underlying distractor-resistant working or STM are not fully understood. Although early single-unit recordings in monkeys and fMRI studies in humans pointed to an involvement of lateral prefrontal cortices, more recent studies highlighted the importance of posterior cortices for the active maintenance of visual information also in the presence of distraction...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423441/-thumb-lengthening-following-amputation-at-the-proximal-phalanx-using-a-semicircular-distraction-ring-fixator-results-of-5-cases
#14
Elvira Susanne Bodmer, Rahel Meier, Theddy Slongo, Esther Voegelin
Traumatic amputation of the thumb at the proximal phalanx or the metacarpophalangeal joint can be treated by distraction lengthening depending on the location of the amputation, the patient's age, occupation and functional demands. We report the results of proximal phalanx lengthening in 5 patients using a semicircular ring-type external fixator device. This prototype was developed at our clinic in collaboration with a specialised small company (Rotomed AG, Allmenstrasse 4, CH-4512 Bellach, www.rotomed.ch) based on the principles of Ilizarov's external fixator...
February 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422788/stabilized-hiv-1-envelope-glycoprotein-trimers-for-vaccine-use
#15
Max Medina-Ramírez, Rogier W Sanders, Quentin J Sattentau
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update on the latest developments in the field of HIV-1 antibody-based soluble envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimer design for vaccine use. RECENT FINDINGS: The development of soluble native-like HIV-1 Env trimer immunogens has moved the field of antibody-based vaccine design forward dramatically over the past few years with refinement of various stabilizing approaches. However, despite this progress, significant challenges remain...
May 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422678/correlation-filter-learning-toward-peak-strength-for-visual-tracking
#16
Yao Sui, Guanghui Wang, Li Zhang
This paper presents a novel visual tracking approach to correlation filter learning toward peak strength of correlation response. Previous methods leverage all features of the target and the immediate background to learn a correlation filter. Some features, however, may be distractive to tracking, like those from occlusion and local deformation, resulting in unstable tracking performance. This paper aims at solving this issue and proposes a novel algorithm to learn the correlation filter. The proposed approach, by imposing an elastic net constraint on the filter, can adaptively eliminate those distractive features in the correlation filtering...
April 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421608/can-functional-emotion-regulation-protect-children-s-mental-health-from-war-trauma-a-palestinian-study
#17
Marwan Diab, Kirsi Peltonen, Samir R Qouta, Esa Palosaari, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Effective emotion regulation (ER) is expected to protect mental health in traumatic stress. We first analysed the protective (moderator) function of different ER strategies and the associations between ER and mental health. Second, we tested gender differences in the protective function of ER and the associations between ER strategies and mental health. Participants were 482 Palestinian children (girls 49.4%; 10-13 years, M = 11.29, SD = .68) whose ER was assessed by the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and mental health by post-traumatic stress (Children's Impact Event Scale), depressive, and psychological distress (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) symptoms, and by psychosocial well-being (Mental Health Continuum-Short Form)...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417609/action-plans-and-coping-strategies-in-elderly-copd-patients-influence-the-result-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-an-observational-study
#18
Patrizia Russo, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisialou, Vittorio Cardaci, Emanuele Stirpe, Vittoria Conti, Massimo Fini, Stefano Bonassi
BACKGROUND: COPD management needs a comprehensive assessment of clinical features (symptoms severity, co-morbidities) together with life-style, behavioural, socio-economic and multi-omics parameters. Among the other issues, psycho-cognitive assessment plays a critical role. Coping strategies are used to manage psychological stress. AIM: To evaluate the association between coping strategies and outcome of Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). DESIGN: Observational study...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416096/treatment-outcomes-of-archwise-distraction-osteogenesis-in-mandibular-dentoalveolar-retrognathia-cases
#19
C Yöndem, Y B Acar, B C Şener, A N Erverdi
The aim of this study was to describe the treatment of class II malocclusion by sagittal advancement of the alveolar bone in the symphyseal area using an intraoral archwise distractor device and to determine the effects of this method on the dentoalveolar complex. Fifteen patients (10 female, five male) aged 16-20 years with a class II division 2 malocclusion, characterized by mandibular dentoalveolar retrusion and a prominent chin, underwent archwise alveolar distraction in the anterior mandible. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were obtained before distraction (T0), after 6 weeks of consolidation (T1), and after debonding (T2)...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414639/memory-distraction-and-nostalgia
#20
Peter Ranscombe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Lancet Neurology
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