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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729844/not-merely-experiential-unconscious-thought-can-be-rational
#1
Katie E Garrison, Ian M Handley
Individuals often form more reasonable judgments from complex information after a period of distraction vs. deliberation. This phenomenon has been attributed to sophisticated unconscious thought during the distraction period that integrates and organizes the information (Unconscious Thought Theory; Dijksterhuis and Nordgren, 2006). Yet, other research suggests that experiential processes are strengthened during the distraction (relative to deliberation) period, accounting for the judgment and decision benefit...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729607/effective-methods-of-restraining-diffusion-in-terms-of-epidemic-dynamics
#2
Fei Xiong, Zhao-Yi Li
Removing influential nodes or shortcuts in a network restrains epidemic or information diffusion, but this method destroys the connectivity of the network and changes the topological structure. As an alternative, an additional field can be imposed in the network to affect node behaviors and slow down diffusion dynamics. However, little research has been performed systematically to analyze and compare these methods. This paper investigates epidemic dynamics and proposes the following four methods to restrain the diffusion process: blocking nodes, blocking edges, distracting node attention, and propagating opposite information...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727247/acceptability-of-a-very-low-energy-diet-in-type-2-diabetes-patient-experiences-and-behaviour-regulation
#3
L Rehackova, V Araújo-Soares, A J Adamson, S Steven, R Taylor, F F Sniehotta
AIMS: To evaluate the acceptability of an 8-week very-low-energy diet for remission of Type 2 diabetes, and to identify the barriers and facilitators of adherence and the behavioural strategies used by participants of the Counterbalance study. METHODS: Eighteen of the 30 participants in the Counterbalance study (ISRCTN88634530) took part in semi-structured interviews. Of these, 15 participants were interviewed before and after the 8-week very-low-energy diet intervention...
July 20, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725933/-callus-distraction-and-bone-transport-in-the-treatment-of-bone-defects
#4
REVIEW
R Baumgart, B Schuster, T Baumgart
BACKGROUND: The method of "callus distraction" is the only technique which spontaneously produces vascularized bone within the surrounding soft tissues during lengthening reconstructive procedures. Remodeling of the regenerate bone to specific mechanical load can be influenced by the surgeon. In principle, there is no limit to the amount of new bone formation which can be created; this vascularized bone is both resistant to infection and can be created to replace resected infected bone...
July 19, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725861/pursuing-humanistic-medicine-in-a-technological-age
#5
Stephen Bertman
The humanistic practice of medicine requires that the practitioner have sufficient time and appropriate focus. Both elements, however, are under assault by the high-speed, distraction-filled environment within which primary care is delivered today. Despite or perhaps because of modern medicine's technological advances, the potentially healing bond between doctor and patient is being frayed and the quality of care consequently degraded.
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724507/comparison-of-endocranial-morphology-according-to-age-in-one-piece-fronto-orbital-advancement-using-a-distraction-in-craniosynostotic-plagiocephaly
#6
Woo Shik Jeong, Ersin Altun, Jong Woo Choi, Young Shin Rah
The capacity for cranial remodelling is known to be better at younger ages. The timing of cranioplasty could affect the axis of the skull base. We investigated whether age at the time of distraction is related to the outcome of endocranial morphology correction. In this retrospective study, we investigated the surgical outcome of 14 patients with unilateral craniosynostotic plagiocephaly who underwent one-piece fronto-orbital advancement without bandeau by using a distraction technique between April 2005 and December 2015...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721990/neocondyle-distraction-osteogenesis-in-the-management-of-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-report-of-five-cases-with-review-of-literature
#7
Ravi Sharma, R Manikandhan, P Sneha, Anantanarayanan Parameswaran, J Naveen Kumar, Hermann F Sailer
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Management of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a challenging and rather daunting task owing to complex abnormal anatomy and its sequel to craniofacial structures. Various autogenous grafts and alloplastic materials have been tried with variable success for creation of a near-normal joint. In recent years, neocondyle distraction has added a new dimension to the management of TMJ ankylosis. The aim of this paper is to describe the role of neocondyle distraction in TMJ ankylosis...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721048/adapting-the-short-form-of-the-coping-inventory-for-stressful-situations-into-chinese
#8
Chun Li, Qing Liu, Ti Hu, Xiaoyan Jin
OBJECTIVES: The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) is a measurement tool for evaluating stress that has good psychometric properties. We investigated the applicability of a short-form version of the CISS in a large sample of Chinese university students. METHODS: Nine hundred and seventy-two Chinese university students aged 18-30 years (mean =20.15, standard deviation =3.26) were chosen as subjects, of whom 101 were randomly selected to be retested after a 2-week interval...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720271/it-s-a-question-of-endurance-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-experiences-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-in-a-fixation-mask
#9
Camilla Andersson, Marta Röing, Ylva Tiblom Ehrsson, Birgitta Johansson
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore how patients with head and neck cancer experienced undergoing an (18)F-fluoro-deoxy-glucose positrons emissions tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) examination in a fixation mask. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with nine patients with known or suspected head and neck cancer who were scheduled for the examination for the first time. The phenomenological method according to van Manen and his four lifeworld existentials; lived space, lived body, lived time, and lived relation was used to analyse the interviews...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720046/strain-as-a-function-of-time-in-extrinsic-wrist-ligaments-tensioned-through-external-fixation
#10
Joseph P Rectenwald, K Ashley Bentley, Peter M Murray, Subrata Saha
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the time-dependent dissipation of extrinsic wrist ligament tension following the application external fixation with axial distraction of the wrist in a cadaveric model. METHODS: Six paired fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens underwent mechanical testing simulating external fixation with 1 arm of each pair osteotomized to simulate a distal radius fracture. The change in tension was then recorded over 24 hours. RESULTS: The rate of stress relaxation decreased with time...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719829/detection-of-driver-engagement-in-secondary-tasks-from-observed-naturalistic-driving-behavior
#11
Mengqiu Ye, Osama A Osman, Sherif Ishak, Bita Hashemi
Distracted driving has long been acknowledged as one of the leading causes of death or injury in roadway crashes. The focus of past research has been mainly on the impact of different causes of distraction on driving behavior. However, only a few studies attempted to address how some driving behavior attributes could be linked to the cause of distraction. In essence, this study takes advantage of the rich SHRP 2 Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) database to develop a model for detecting the likelihood of a driver's involvement in secondary tasks from distinctive attributes of driving behavior...
July 15, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718314/techniques-of-force-and-pressure-measurement-in-the-small-joints-of-the-wrist
#12
Michael J Schreck, Meghan Kelly, Colin D Canham, John C Elfar
BACKGROUND: The alteration of forces across joints can result in instability and subsequent disability. Previous methods of force measurements such as pressure-sensitive films, load cells, and pressure-sensing transducers have been utilized to estimate biomechanical forces across joints and more recent studies have utilized a nondestructive method that allows for assessment of joint forces under ligamentous restraints. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was performed to explore the numerous biomechanical methods utilized to estimate intra-articular forces...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718177/saliency-maps-for-finding-changes-in-visual-scenes
#13
Heinrich René Liesefeld, Anna Marie Liesefeld, Hermann J Müller, Dragan Rangelov
Sudden changes in the environment reliably summon attention. This rapid change detection appears to operate in a similar fashion as pop-out in visual search, the phenomenon that very salient stimuli are directly attended, independently of the number of distracting objects. Pop-out is usually explained by the workings of saliency maps, i.e., map-like representations that code for the conspicuity at each location of the visual field. While past research emphasized similarities between pop-out search and change detection, our study highlights differences between the saliency computations in the two tasks: in contrast to pop-out search, saliency computation in change detection (i) operates independently across different stimulus properties (e...
July 17, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717294/study-of-distracted-bone-in-maxilla-a-comparative-analysis
#14
Rohan Thomas Mathew, Mustafa Khader, Shehzana Fathima, B H Sripathi Rao
INTRODUCTION: Anterior maxillary distraction is one of the accepted modalities to treat hypoplastic maxilla. The study was undertaken to assess the maturation of the bone formed, which is measured by analyzing the amount of mineralization of the bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the study 29 patients were chosen, who were divided into three groups. First group consist of patients who had undergone distraction osteogenesis. Second group has cleft patients and third group is the control group...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714612/weaning-from-long-term-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-or-noninvasive-ventilation-in-children
#15
Meriem Mastouri, Alessandro Amaddeo, Lucie Griffon, Annick Frapin, Samira Touil, Adriana Ramirez, Sonia Khirani, Brigitte Fauroux
OBJECTIVES: A significant number of children are able to discontinue long term continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) but the underlying disorders, weaning criteria, and outcome of these children have not been studied. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort follow up. SUBJECT SELECTION: Consecutive children who were weaned from long term CPAP/NIV between October 2013 and January 2016. METHODOLOGY: Underlying disorders, weaning criteria, and clinical outcome were analyzed...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714581/psychometric-evaluation-and-norms-for-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-interoceptive-awareness-maia-in-a-clinical-eating-disorders-sample
#16
Tiffany A Brown, Laura A Berner, Michelle D Jones, Erin E Reilly, Anne Cusack, Leslie K Anderson, Walter H Kaye, Christina E Wierenga
Altered interoceptive awareness (IA) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of eating disorders; however, few comprehensive self-report measures of IA exist in eating disorders. The present study sought to validate the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), originally developed to assess IA in individuals practicing mind-body therapies, in an eating disorder sample. Adult and adolescent patients (n = 376) completed assessments upon admission to a partial hospital programme. Analyses examined the factor structure of the MAIA, scale means, scale-scale correlations, internal consistency and construct validity...
July 17, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713745/recovering-breathing-and-feeding-of-a-newborn-with-pierre-robin-sequence
#17
Francisnele Maria de Aquino Fraporti Tomáz, Alvaro Henrique Borges, Alexandre Meireles Borba, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato
Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is characterized by the triad micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction, commonly associated with cleft palate. This study reports the case of a patient with characteristics consistent with the diagnosis of PRS in the 1(st) week of life. To stabilize the airway, oro-tracheal intubation was performed without success, followed by tracheostomy and glossopexy and after a small improvement in symptoms, it was decided to perform the mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO). At the age of 6, her maxillofacial development was within expectations, with patent airway, the presence of deciduous teeth, and without neurological impairment...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713738/three-dimensional-planning-and-reconstruction-of-the-mandible-in-children-with-craniofacial-microsomia-type-iii-using-costochondral-grafts
#18
Omri Emodi, Yair Israel, Michal Even Almos, Dror Aizenbud, John A Van Aalst, Adi Rachmiel
BACKGROUND: In craniofacial microsomia (CFM) Type III patients, autogenous costochondral grafts (CCG) are conventionally used for the reconstruction of the ramus and condyle. The aim of this study was to describe the use of CCG in children with CFM in terms of outcomes, growth patterns, and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of nine, aged 4-12 years, patients with CFM Type III, who underwent reconstruction of the mandibular ramus condyle unit by CCG...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713737/maxillary-distraction-osteogenesis-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients-with-rigid-external-distraction-system
#19
Shadi Alkhouri, Peter D Waite, Matthew B Davis, Ejvis Lamani, Chung How Kau
AIM: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a treatment option for patients with maxillary hypoplasia secondary to cleft lip and palate (CLP). PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to present a technique for maxillary DO using Le Fort I osteotomy with rigid external distraction (RED) system. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The patient presented in this paper was an Asian female with CLP aged 13 years and 6 months. She presented with severe midfacial deficiency with a Class III dental malocclusion with a negative overjet and concave facial profile...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713734/treatment-of-micrognathia-by-intraoral-distraction-osteogenesis-a-prospective-study
#20
M Baskaran, S Gidean Arularasan, T K Divakar, Rohini Thirunavukkarasu
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial deformities are always psychologically and physically distressing to the patients and is also challenging to the treating surgeons. The term Micrognathia means a "small jaw". True micrognathia, where the maxilla or the mandibular skeleton does not grow to the full size can be congenital or acquired. Distraction osteogenesis also called as callus distraction or callostasis or osteodistraction or distraction histogenesis is a biological process of regenerating newly formed bone and adjacent soft tissue by a gradual and controlled traction of surgically separated bone segments...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
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