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Pulsed electromagnetic field

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151080/changes-in-u937-cell-viability-induced-by-stress-factors-possible-role-of-calmodulin
#1
K K Wojcik-Piotrowicz, J Kaszuba-Zwoinska, E Rokita, B Nowak, P Thor
Current studies were aimed to elucidate influence of magnetic field (MF) stimulation on cell viability and its effect on expression of calmodulin (CaM) and Hsp70 protein which plays a role of cell stress indicator and is a Ca(2+)-dependent CaM-binding protein. For the experimental model we have chosen U937 cell line exposed to chemical- and/or physical stress factors. Puromycin (PMC) was used as a chemical apoptosis inducer. Alternating (AC) (6.5rms mT, 35 Hz) magnetic field combined with 6 mT static (DC) component, or pulsed electromagnetic field (45 ± 5)mT, 50 Hz (PEMF) acted as physical stressors...
August 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109418/extremely-low-frequency-pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-cause-antioxidative-defense-mechanisms-in-human-osteoblasts-via-induction-of-%C3%A2-o2-and-h2o2
#2
Sabrina Ehnert, Anne-Kristin Fentz, Anna Schreiner, Johannes Birk, Benjamin Wilbrand, Patrick Ziegler, Marie K Reumann, Hongbo Wang, Karsten Falldorf, Andreas K Nussler
Recently, we identified a specific extremely low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (ELF-PEMF) that supports human osteoblast (hOBs) function in an ERK1/2-dependent manner, suggesting reactive oxygen species (ROS) being key regulators in this process. Thus, this study aimed at investigating how ELF-PEMF exposure can modulate hOBs function via ROS. Our results show that single exposure to ELF-PEMF induced ROS production in hOBs, without reducing intracellular glutathione. Repetitive exposure (>3) to ELF-PEMF however reduced ROS-levels, suggesting alterations in the cells antioxidative stress response...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103436/effectiveness-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-for-pain-caused-by-placement-of-initial-orthodontic-wire-in-female-orthodontic-patients-a-preliminary-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Jin-Gon Jung, Jae Hyun Park, Sang-Cheol Kim, Kyung-Hwa Kang, Jin-Hyoung Cho, Jin-Woo Cho, Na-Young Chang, R Curtis Bay, Jong-Moon Chae
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this 2-arm parallel trial was to assess the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) on the reduction of pain caused by initial orthodontic tooth movement. METHODS: Thirty-three female patients (mean age, 16.8 ± 3.8 years) who began orthodontic treatment using fixed appliances were examined. In the pilot study, male patients were less likely to use the PEMF device (epatchQ; Speed Dental, Seoul, Korea) and answer a survey consistently, so eligibility criteria were female patients who were periodontally and systemically healthy at the initiation of treatment and had no history of dental pain in the prior 2 weeks or who used no medications (anti-inflammatory or analgesic drugs) during the experiment period...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075322/pulse-electromagnetic-fields-enhance-extracellular-electron-transfer-in-magnetic-bioelectrochemical-systems
#4
Huihui Zhou, Bingfeng Liu, Qisong Wang, Jianmin Sun, Guojun Xie, Nanqi Ren, Zhiyong Jason Ren, Defeng Xing
BACKGROUND: Microbial extracellular electron transfer (EET) is essential in driving the microbial interspecies interaction and redox reactions in bioelectrochemical systems (BESs). Magnetite (Fe3O4) and magnetic fields (MFs) were recently reported to promote microbial EET, but the mechanisms of MFs stimulation of EET and current generation in BESs are not known. This study investigates the behavior of current generation and EET in a state-of-the-art pulse electromagnetic field (PEMF)-assisted magnetic BES (PEMF-MBES), which was equipped with magnetic carbon particle (Fe3O4@N-mC)-coated electrodes...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072895/low-frequency-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-is-able-to-modulate-mirnas-in-an-experimental-cell-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Enrica Capelli, Filippo Torrisi, Letizia Venturini, Maria Granato, Lorenzo Fassina, Giuseppe Francesco Damiano Lupo, Giovanni Ricevuti
The aim of the present study was to investigate on the effects of a low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (LF-PEMF) in an experimental cell model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) to assess new therapies that counteract neurodegeneration. In recent scientific literature, it is documented that the deep brain stimulation via electromagnetic fields (EMFs) modulates the neurophysiological activity of the pathological circuits and produces clinical benefits in AD patients. EMFs are applied for tissue regeneration because of their ability to stimulate cell proliferation and immune functions via the HSP70 protein family...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071144/does-sacral-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-therapy-have-a-better-effect-than-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-in-patients-with-neurogenic-overactive-bladder
#6
Lamyaa A Fergany, Husain Shaker, Magdy Arafa, Mohamed S Elbadry
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMFT) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on neurogenic overactive bladder dysfunction (OAB) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 80 patients [50 men and 30 women, with a mean (SD) age of 40.15 (8.76) years] with neurogenic OAB secondary to suprasacral SCI were included. They underwent urodynamic studies (UDS) before and after treatment...
June 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065581/low-frequency-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-is-able-to-modulate-mirnas-in-an-experimental-cell-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Enrica Capelli, Filippo Torrisi, Letizia Venturini, Maria Granato, Lorenzo Fassina, Giuseppe Francesco Damiano Lupo, Giovanni Ricevuti
The aim of the present study was to investigate on the effects of a low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (LF-PEMF) in an experimental cell model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) to assess new therapies that counteract neurodegeneration. In recent scientific literature, it is documented that the deep brain stimulation via electromagnetic fields (EMFs) modulates the neurophysiological activity of the pathological circuits and produces clinical benefits in AD patients. EMFs are applied for tissue regeneration because of their ability to stimulate cell proliferation and immune functions via the HSP70 protein family...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055340/structural-determination-and-population-transfer-of-4-nitroanisole-by-broadband-microwave-spectroscopy-and-tailored-microwave-pulses
#8
Jack B Graneek, Cristóbal Pérez, Melanie Schnell
The rotational spectrum of 4-nitroanisole was recorded via chirped-pulse Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy in the frequency range of 2-8 GHz. The spectra of the parent molecule and all of its (13)C-, (15)N-, and (18)O-monosubstituted species in their natural abundance were assigned, and the molecular structure was determined using Kraitchman's equations as well as a least-square fitting approach. 4-nitroanisole has a large dipole moment of 6.15 D along the inertial a-axis and a smaller dipole moment of 0...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052675/a-novel-upconversion-luminescence-derived-photoelectrochemical-immunoassay-ultrasensitive-detection-to-alpha-fetoprotein
#9
Xu Chen, Wen Xu, Yandong Jiang, Gencai Pan, Donglei Zhou, Jinyang Zhu, He Wang, Cong Chen, Dongyu Li, Hongwei Song
Fabrication of near-infrared light-triggered photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensors based on the upconversion nanophosphors (UCNPs) is a novel approach, which exhibits the advantages of low background signal and non-damage to the biological substance as well as high sensitivity and improved electric detection in PEC sensors. Herein we demonstrate the preparation of novel and high-quality ZnO inverse opal photonic crystals (IOPCs)/Ag/NaYF4:Yb,Tm hybrid films by different advanced film techniques, including colloidal self-assembling, vapor phase deposition and pulsed laser deposition and its application to sensitive detection of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)...
November 2, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047815/electromagnetic-pulse-scattering-by-a-spacecraft-nearing-light-speed
#10
Timothy J Garner, Akhlesh Lakhtakia, James K Breakall, Craig F Bohren
Humans will launch spacecraft that travel at an appreciable fraction of the speed of light. Spacecraft traffic will be tracked by radar. Scattering of pulsed electromagnetic fields by an object in uniform translational motion at relativistic speed may be computed using the frame-hopping technique. Pulse scattering depends strongly on the velocity, shape, orientation, and composition of the object. The peak magnitude of the backscattered signal varies by many orders of magnitude, depending on whether the object is advancing toward or receding from the source of the interrogating signal...
August 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044888/nuclear-magnetic-relaxation-dispersion-of-murine-tissue-for-development-of-t1-r1-dispersion-contrast-imaging
#11
Yonathan T Araya, Francisco Martínez-Santiesteban, William B Handler, Chad T Harris, Blaine A Chronik, Timothy J Scholl
This study quantified the spin-lattice relaxation rate (R1 ) dispersion of murine tissues from 0.24 mT to 3 T. A combination of ex vivo and in vivo spin-lattice relaxation rate measurements were acquired for murine tissue. Selected brain, liver, kidney, muscle, and fat tissues were excised and R1 dispersion profiles were acquired from 0.24 mT to 1.0 T at 37 °C, using a fast field-cycling MR (FFC-MR) relaxometer. In vivo R1 dispersion profiles of mice were acquired from 1.26 T to 1.74 T at 37 °C, using FFC-MRI on a 1...
October 18, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042543/quantum-sensing-of-weak-radio-frequency-signals-by-pulsed-mollow-absorption-spectroscopy
#12
T Joas, A M Waeber, G Braunbeck, F Reinhard
Quantum sensors-qubits sensitive to external fields-have become powerful detectors for various small acoustic and electromagnetic fields. A major key to their success have been dynamical decoupling protocols which enhance sensitivity to weak oscillating (AC) signals. Currently, those methods are limited to signal frequencies below a few MHz. Here we harness a quantum-optical effect, the Mollow triplet splitting of a strongly driven two-level system, to overcome this limitation. We microscopically understand this effect as a pulsed dynamical decoupling protocol and find that it enables sensitive detection of fields close to the driven transition...
October 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036100/short-pulse-laser-beam-beyond-paraxial-approximation
#13
Pierre Favier, Kevin Dupraz, Kevin Cassou, Xing Liu, Aurélien Martens, Cheikh Fall Ndiaye, Themistoklis Williams, Fabian Zomer
Nonparaxial perturbative equations are derived from the scalar wave equation by taking into account spatiotemporal couplings. General solutions are obtained in Fourier space and further transformed back in direct space. They depend on parameters that can be used to match various boundary conditions and the perturbative expansion of any nonparaxial exact solutions. This parametrization is used to study the sensitivity of direct electron acceleration off an ultrashort tightly focused laser pulse to nonparaxial corrections of radially polarized electromagnetic fields...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028543/a-pulse-programmable-parahydrogen-polarizer-using-a-tunable-electromagnet-and-dual-channel-nmr-spectrometer
#14
Aaron M Coffey, Roman V Shchepin, Bibo Feng, Raul D Colon, Ken Wilkens, Kevin W Waddell, Eduard Y Chekmenev
Applications of parahydrogen induced polarization (PHIP) often warrant conversion of the chemically-synthesized singlet-state spin order into net heteronuclear magnetization. In order to obtain optimal yields from the overall hyperpolarization process, catalytic hydrogenation must be tightly synchronized to subsequent radiofrequency (RF) transformations of spin order. Commercial NMR consoles are designed to synchronize applied waves on multiple channels and consequently are well-suited as controllers for these types of hyperpolarization experiments that require tight coordination of RF and non-RF events...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020880/pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-and-tissue-engineering-of-the-joints
#15
Kenjiro Iwasa, A Hari Reddi
BACKGROUND: Bone and joint formation, maintenance, and regeneration are regulated by both chemical and physical signals. Among the physical signals there is an increasing realization of the role of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) in the treatment of nonunions of bone fractures. The discovery of the piezoelectric properties of bone by Fukada and Yasuda in 1953 in Japan established the foundation of this field. Pioneering research by Bassett and Brighton and their teams resulted in the approval by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the use of PEMF in the treatment of fracture healing...
November 17, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990042/hydroxytyrosol-contributes-to-cell-proliferation-and-inhibits-apoptosis-in-pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-treated-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-in-vitro
#16
Yong Cheng, Zhiwei Qu, Ximeng Fu, Qi Jiang, Jianfeng Fei
A variety of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) have been experimentally and clinically used in an effort to promote wound healing, although the mechanisms involved remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the action of a novel protocol of co‑treatment with PEMFs and hydroxytyrosol (HTY) on the proliferation and differentiation potential of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The HUVECs were assigned randomly into three groups: Control, PEMF‑treated and PEMF + HT‑treated...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983048/spatiotemporal-mode-locking-in-multimode-fiber-lasers
#17
Logan G Wright, Demetrios N Christodoulides, Frank W Wise
A laser is based on the electromagnetic modes of its resonator, which provides the feedback required for oscillation. Enormous progress has been made toward controlling the interactions of longitudinal modes in lasers with a single transverse mode. For example, the field of ultrafast science has been built on lasers that lock many longitudinal modes together to form ultrashort light pulses. However, coherent superposition of longitudinal and transverse modes in a laser has received little attention. We show that modal and chromatic dispersions in fiber lasers can be counteracted by strong spatial and spectral filtering...
October 6, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979692/therapeutic-ultrasound-plus-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-improves-recovery-from-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-hypertension
#18
Zhao-Yang Lu, Hong-Sheng Zhou, Zhi-Xiao Su, Jia Qi, Jian Zhang, Guan-Hua Xue, Yue Li, Chang-Ning Hao, Yi-Qin Shi, Jun-Li Duan
The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the therapy effect of combined therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) treatment and pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy on angiogenesis in hypertension-related hindlimb ischemia. After subjecting excision of the left femoral artery, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were randomly distributed to one of four groups: SHR; TUS treated SHR (SHR-TUS); PEMF treated SHR (PEMF-TUS); and TUS plus PEMF treated SHR (SHR-TUS-PEMF). Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYs) with femoral artery excision were regarded as a control group...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969697/evaluation-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effect-on-return-to-work-with-coaching-combined-with-light-therapy-and-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-therapy-for-workers-with-work-related-chronic-stress
#19
Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Antonius M C Schoutens, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Judith K Sluiter
BACKGROUND: Chronic work-related stress is quite prevalent in the working population and is in some cases accompanied by long-term sick leave. These stress complaints highly impact employees and are costly due to lost productivity and medical expenses. A new treatment platform with light therapy plus Pulsed Electro Magnetic Fields (PEMF) in combination with coaching was used to assess whether more positive effects on return to work, stress, work-related fatigue, and quality of life could be induced compared to coaching alone...
October 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965919/pulsed-electromagnetic-fields-inhibit-human-osteoclast-formation-and-gene-expression-via-osteoblasts
#20
Zhiming He, Nagarajan Selvamurugan, Johanna Warshaw, Nicola C Partridge
Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) can be effective in promoting the healing of delayed union or nonunion fractures. We previously reported that PEMF (Spinal-Stim® by Orthofix, Inc., Lewisville, TX) stimulated proliferation, differentiation and mineralization of rat calvarial osteoblastic cells in culture. In the present work we investigated the effects of PEMF (Physio-Stim® by Orthofix, Inc., Lewisville, TX) on human bone marrow macrophages (hBMMs) differentiated to osteoclasts. PEMF had striking inhibitory effects on formation of osteoclasts from hBMMs from both younger and older women...
September 28, 2017: Bone
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