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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436124/characteristics-and-respiratory-risk-profile-of-children-aged-less-than-5-years-presenting-to-an-urban-aboriginal-friendly-comprehensive-primary-health-practice-in-australia
#1
Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Melissa Dunbar, Daniel Arnold, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
AIM: There are no published data on factors impacting on acute respiratory illness (ARI) among urban Indigenous children. We describe the characteristics and respiratory risk profile of young urban Indigenous children attending an Aboriginal-friendly primary health-care practice. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data collected at baseline in a cohort study investigating ARI in urban Indigenous children aged less than 5 years registered with an Aboriginal primary health-care service...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435991/polycythemia-capillary-rarefaction-and-focal-glomerulosclerosis-in-two-adolescents-born-extremely-low-birth-weight-and-premature
#2
Nariaki Asada, Takanori Tsukahara, Megumi Furuhata, Daisuke Matsuoka, Shunsuke Noda, Kuniaki Naganuma, Akinori Hashiguchi, Midori Awazu
BACKGROUND: Low birthweight infants have a reduced number of nephrons and are at high risk of chronic kidney disease. Preterm birth and/or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) may also affect peritubular capillary development, as has been shown in other organs. CASE-DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: We report two patients with a history of preterm birth and extremely low birthweight who showed polycythemia and renal capillary rarefaction. Patient 1 and 2, born at 25 weeks of gestation with a birthweight of 728 and 466 g, showed mild proteinuria at age 8 and 6 years, respectively...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432735/perinatal-outcomes-among-young-indigenous-australian-mothers-a-cross-sectional-study-and-comparison-with-adult-indigenous-mothers
#3
Malinda Steenkamp, Jacqueline Boyle, Sue Kildea, Vivienne Moore, Michael Davies, Alice Rumbold
BACKGROUND: The teenage pregnancy rate is high among Indigenous Australian women, yet little is known about their pregnancy outcomes. Moreover, against a background of extreme social disadvantage, the relative importance of age as a risk factor for adverse outcomes among Indigenous pregnancies is unclear. We compared perinatal outcomes for Indigenous teenagers (<20 years) with adult Indigenous women (20-34 years), and described outcomes in subgroups of teenagers. METHODS: Data were analyzed for 2421 singleton births to Indigenous women aged <35 years in Australia's Northern Territory from 2003 to 2005...
April 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432701/ovarian-follicle-development-and-genital-tract-characteristics-in-different-birthweight-gilts-at-150%C3%A2-days-of-age
#4
Frcl Almeida, Aln Alvarenga Dias, L P Moreira, Atl Fiúza, H Chiarini-Garcia
In the last decades, selection for improved prolificacy has resulted in higher litter sizes and has thereby increased the proportion of low birthweight (LW) piglets. It is well documented that LW piglets have lower growth performance, muscle accretion and poor carcass quality. However, little is known about the relations of birthweight with subsequent reproductive performance in gilts. This study investigated the effects of birthweight on reproductive tract and ovarian follicle development in 150-day-old gilts...
April 22, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431989/live-birth-miscarriage-and-abortion-among-u-s-women-with-and-without-disabilities
#5
Willi Horner-Johnson, Sheetal Kulkarni-Rajasekhara, Blair G Darney, Mekhala Dissanayake, Aaron B Caughey
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have found that women with disabilities who give birth are more likely to have preterm deliveries and low birthweight infants. However, it is not known what proportion of pregnant women with disabilities experience live birth, versus miscarriage or abortion. OBJECTIVE: To compare proportions of live birth, miscarriage, and abortion among women with basic action difficulties, women with complex activity limitations, and women without disabilities in a nationally representative sample...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428252/low-frequency-blood-pressure-oscillations-and-inotrope-treatment-failure-in-premature-infants
#6
Zachary Andrew Vesoulis, Jessica Hao, Christopher McPherson, Nathalie El Ters, Amit M Mathur
BACKGROUND: The underlying mechanism as to why some hypotensive preterm infants do not respond to inotropic medications remains unclear. For these infants, we hypothesize that impaired vasomotor function is a significant factor and is manifested through a decrease in low-frequency blood pressure variability across regulatory components of vascular tone. METHODS: Infants born 28 weeks estimated gestational age underwent prospective recording of mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) for 72h after birth...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427857/vitrified-warmed-single-embryo-transfers-may-be-associated-with-increased-maternal-complications-compared-with-fresh-single-embryo-transfers
#7
Tal Shavit, Galia Oron, Son Weon-Young, Hananel Holzer, Togas Tulandi
Cryopreservation of embryos allows single-embryo transfer and storage of supernumerary embryos, maximizing cumulative pregnancy rates. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to compare pregnancy outcome in singletons born after fresh or vitrified-warmed single blastocyst transfer (SBT). Singleton live births resulting from SBT of fresh or vitrified-warmed embryos were compared. Primary outcomes were perinatal outcomes including small for gestational age (SGA), low birthweight, preterm deliveries (PTD), large for gestational age (LGA) and congenital malformations...
April 6, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421643/empiric-antibiotic-regimens-for-neonatal-sepsis-in-australian-and-new-zealand-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#8
Jeremy P Carr, David P Burgner, Rohan S Hardikar, Jim P Buttery
AIM: Neonatal sepsis remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality, and requires prompt empiric treatment. However, only a minority of babies who receive antibiotics for suspected sepsis have an infection. Antimicrobial exposure in infancy has important short- and long-term consequences. There is no consensus regarding empirical antimicrobial regimens. METHODS: The study included a survey of empiric antimicrobial regimens in all tertiary neonatal intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand in 2013-2014...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421614/a-first-look-at-the-effects-of-long-inter-pregnancy-interval-and-advanced-maternal-age-on-perinatal-outcomes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Chunxiang Qin, Chunmei Mi, Aibin Xia, Wei-Ti Chen, Chunxia Chen, Ying Li, Yao Li, Wenhui Bai, Siyuan Tang
BACKGROUND: After China's One-child Policy was replaced with the Two-child Policy in 2013, the rate of second pregnancies with a longer inter-pregnancy interval (IPI) has suddenly increased in that country; however, the effect of long IPIs (≥49 months) on perinatal outcomes remains unreported. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study in China from July 2015 through June 2016. We used univariate and multivariate logistic regression models to test the associations among IPI, maternal age, and perinatal outcome (preterm delivery, term low birthweight, and small-for-gestational age)...
April 19, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419299/pregnancy-and-labor-complications-in-female-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-the-british-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#10
Raoul C Reulen, Chloe J Bright, David L Winter, Miranda M Fidler, Kwok Wong, Joyeeta Guha, Julie S Kelly, Clare Frobisher, Angela B Edgar, Roderick Skinner, W Hamish B Wallace, Mike M Hawkins
Background: Female survivors of childhood cancer treated with abdominal radiotherapy who manage to conceive are at risk of delivering premature and low-birthweight offspring, but little is known about whether abdominal radiotherapy may also be associated with additional complications during pregnancy and labor. We investigated the risk of developing pregnancy and labor complications among female survivors of childhood cancer in the British Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (BCCSS). Methods: Pregnancy and labor complications were identified by linking the BCCSS cohort (n = 17 980) to the Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) for England...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414983/a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-comparing-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-between-hands-and-knees-delivery-position-and-supine-position-in-china
#11
Hongyu Zhang, Shurong Huang, Xiaolan Guo, Ningning Zhao, Yujing Lu, Min Chen, Yingxia Li, Junqin Wu, Lihua Huang, Fenglan Ma, Yuhong Yang, Xiaoli Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhou, Renfei Guo, Wenzhi Cai
BACKGROUND: the supine position is the most frequently offered for birth delivery in China and many other countries, but the hands-and-knees position is now gaining prominence with doctors in China. This study aims to examine the differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes among low-risk women who gave birth either in the hands-and-knees position or the supine position. METHODS: a randomised controlled trial was conducted in 11 hospitals in China from May to December in 2012...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407219/multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-for-women-during-pregnancy
#12
REVIEW
Batool A Haider, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Multiple-micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies often coexist among women of reproductive age in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother and developing fetus. Though supplementation with MMNs has been recommended earlier because of the evidence of impact on pregnancy outcomes, a consensus is yet to be reached regarding the replacement of iron and folic acid supplementation with MMNs...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403340/fertility-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancies-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#13
Maria de Lourdes de Souza, Fiona Ann Lynn, Linda Johnston, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira Tavares, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Lúcio José Botelho
Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401605/prediction-of-delivering-a-small-for-gestational-age-infant-and-adverse-perinatal-outcome-in-women-with-suspected-pre-eclampsia
#14
Melanie Griffin, Paul T Seed, Suzy Duckworth, Robyn North, Jenny Myers, Lucy Mackillop, Nigel Simpson, Jason Waugh, Dilly Anumba, Louise C Kenny, Christopher W G Redman, Andrew H Shennan, Lucy C Chappell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the test performance of 47 biomarkers and ultrasound parameters to predict subsequent delivery of an SGA infant and adverse perinatal outcome in women presenting with suspected preeclampsia. METHODS: In a prospective, multicentre observational study, 47 biomarkers and ultrasound parameters were measured in 397 women presenting with suspected preterm preeclampsia, with the objective of evaluating them as predictors of subsequent delivery of an SGA infant and adverse perinatal outcome...
April 12, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400311/pregnancy-birth-and-infant-outcomes-by-maternal-fertility-status-the-massachusetts-outcomes-study-of-assisted-reproductive-technology
#15
Barbara Luke, Daksha Gopal, Howard Cabral, Judy E Stern, Hafsatou Diop
BACKGROUND: Births to subfertile women, with and without infertility treatment, have been reported to have lower birthweights and shorter gestations, even when limited to singletons. It is unknown whether these decrements are due to parental characteristics or aspects of infertility treatment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of maternal fertility status on the risk of pregnancy, birth, and infant complications STUDY DESIGN: All singleton live births of ≥22 weeks' gestation and ≥350 grams birthweight to Massachusetts resident women in 2004-10 were linked to hospital discharge and vital records...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399116/maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-risk-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#16
Suzan L Carmichael, Peiyi Kan, Jeffrey B Gould, David K Stevenson, Gary M Shaw, Henry C Lee
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between women's prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in their preterm offspring, hypothesizing that obesity-associated inflammation may increase risk. METHODS: We studied infants born in California 2007-2011, using linked data from California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative neonatal intensive care units, hospital discharge, and vital statistics. We included infants with birthweight<1500 grams or gestational age at birth 22-29 weeks...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391748/small-for-gestational-age-babies-of-low-risk-term-pregnancies-does-antenatal-detection-matter
#17
Catarina Policiano, Andreia Fonseca, Jorge M Mendes, Nuno Clode, Luís M Graça
OBJECTIVES: To compare delivery route and admission rate to neonatal intensive care unit between small- and appropriate-for-gestational-age babies among low-risk term pregnancies. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using the database of deliveries in 2014 at a tertiary hospital. Babies delivered at ≥37 weeks with birthweight <10th centile were considered small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and >90th centile were considered large-for-gestational-age...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381523/human-milk-oligosaccharide-composition-predicts-risk-of-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants
#18
Chloe A Autran, Benjamin P Kellman, Jae H Kim, Elizabeth Asztalos, Arlin B Blood, Erin C Hamilton Spence, Aloka L Patel, Jiayi Hou, Nathan E Lewis, Lars Bode
OBJECTIVE: Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common and often fatal intestinal disorders in preterm infants. Markers to identify at-risk infants as well as therapies to prevent and treat NEC are limited and urgently needed. NEC incidence is significantly lower in breast-fed compared with formula-fed infants. Infant formula lacks human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), such as disialyllacto-N-tetraose (DSLNT), which prevents NEC in neonatal rats. However, it is unknown if DSLNT also protects human preterm infants...
April 5, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377142/risk-factors-for-preterm-low-birthweight-and-small-for-gestational-age-births-among-aboriginal-women-from-remote-communities-in-northern-australia
#19
Sue V Kildea, Yu Gao, Margaret Rolfe, Jacqueline Boyle, Sally Tracy, Lesley M Barclay
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for preterm birth, low birthweight and small for gestational age babies among remote-dwelling Aboriginal women. METHODS: The study included 713 singleton births from two large remote Aboriginal communities in Northern Territory, Australia in 2004-2006 (retrospective cohort) and 2009-2011 (prospective cohort). Demographic, pregnancy characteristics, labour and birth outcomes were described. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted and adjusted odds ratios were reported...
April 1, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373325/state-and-federal-coverage-for-pregnant-immigrants-prenatal-care-increased-no-change-detected-for-infant-health
#20
Laura R Wherry, Rachel Fabi, Adam Schickedanz, Brendan Saloner
Expanded health insurance coverage for pregnant immigrant women who are in the United States lawfully as well as those who are in the country without documentation may address barriers in access to pregnancy-related care. We present new evidence on the impact of states' public health insurance expansions for pregnant immigrant women (both state-funded and expansions under the Children's Health Insurance Program) on their prenatal care use, mode of delivery, and infant health. Our quasi-experimental design compared changes in immigrant women's outcomes in states expanding coverage to changes in outcomes for nonimmigrant women in the same state and to women in nonexpanding states...
April 1, 2017: Health Affairs
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