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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211086/variation-of-the-rates-of-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-the-neonatal-networks-in-england
#1
Nicholas T Longford
Necrotising enterocolitis is an oft-fatal disease of the intestinal tract in neonates born prematurely and with low birthweight. We study the variation of its rates across the neonatal networks (groups of hospital-based neonatal care units) in England. We illustrate the problematic nature of hypothesis testing for a key decision, which an analysis is meant to inform, and apply an approach based on decision theory. We emphasise the role of sensitivity analysis in dealing with the ambiguity encountered in the process of eliciting information about the perspective of the client or sponsor for whom the analysis is conducted...
February 17, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#2
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205120/establishment-of-legal-paternity-for-children-of-unmarried-american-women-trade-offs-in-male-commitment-to-paternal-investment
#3
Kermyt G Anderson
The establishment of a legal father for children of unmarried parents reflects both high paternity confidence and male willingness to commit to paternal investment. Whether an unmarried man voluntarily acknowledges paternity after a child is born has important consequences for both the mother and child. This paper brings to bear a life history perspective on paternity establishment, noting that men face trade-offs between mating and parental effort and that women will adjust their investment in children based on expected male investment...
February 15, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#4
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190746/birth-outcomes-for-australian-mother-infant-pairs-who-received-an-influenza-vaccine-during-pregnancy-2012-2014-the-flumum-study
#5
Lisa McHugh, Ross M Andrews, Stephen B Lambert, Kerri A Viney, Nicholas Wood, Kirsten P Perrett, Helen S Marshall, Peter Richmond, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
INTRODUCTION: In Australia, influenza vaccination is recommended for all women who will be pregnant during the influenza season. Vaccine safety and effectiveness are key concerns and influencers of uptake for both vaccine providers and families. We assessed the safety of receiving an influenza vaccination during any trimester of pregnancy with respect to preterm births and infant birthweight. METHODS: We conducted a nested retrospective cohort study of 'FluMum' participants (2012-2014)...
February 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188774/helicobacter-pylori-infection-a-predictor-of-vomiting-severity-in-pregnancy-and-adverse-birth-outcome
#6
Iris J Grooten, Wouter J Den Hollander, Tessa J Roseboom, Ernst J Kuipers, Vincent W Jaddoe, Romy Gaillard, Rebecca C Painter
BACKGROUND: Nausea and occasional vomiting in early pregnancy (NVP) is common. It is unknown why some women experience severe NVP. Causes are multifactorial and only symptomatic treatment options are available, while adverse birth outcomes have been described. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection has been implicated in the etiology of NVP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of H. pylori with vomiting severity in pregnancy and its effect on birth outcome...
February 7, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188770/fetal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-born-before-32-weeks-of-gestation-according-to-antenatal-versus-postnatal-assessments-of-restricted-growth
#7
Isabelle Monier, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Anne Ego, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, François Goffinet, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction is defined using ultrasound parameters during pregnancy or as a low birthweight for gestational age (GA) after birth, but these definitions are not always concordant. OBJECTIVE: To investigate fetal and neonatal outcomes based on antenatal versus postnatal assessments of growth restriction. STUDY DESIGN: From the EPIPAGE 2 population-based prospective study of very preterm births in France in 2011, we included 2919 singleton non-anomalous infants 24 to 31 weeks' GA...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182605/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2014
#8
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Denise J Jamieson, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176485/preterm-birth-prevention-in-twin-pregnancies-with-progesterone-pessary-or-cerclage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
A Jarde, O Lutsiv, C K Park, J Barrett, J Beyene, S Saito, J M Dodd, P S Shah, J L Cook, A B Biringer, L Giglia, Z Han, K Staub, W Mundle, C Vera, L Sabatino, S K Liyanage, S D McDonald
BACKGROUND: About half of twin pregnancies deliver preterm, and it is unclear whether any intervention reduces this risk. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence for the effectiveness of progesterone, cerclage, and pessary in twin pregnancies. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ISI Web of Science, without language restrictions, up to 25 January 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of progesterone, cerclage, or pessary for preventing preterm birth in women with twin pregnancies, without symptoms of threatened preterm labour...
February 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162936/obstetric-and-neo-natal-outcomes-of-icsi-cycles-using-pentoxifylline-to-identify-viable-spermatozoa-in-patients-with-immotile-spermatozoa
#10
Purificación Navas, Alessio Paffoni, Giulia Intra, Antonio González-Utor, Ana Clavero, Maria Carmen Gonzalvo, Rocío Díaz, Rocío Peña, Liliana Restelli, Edgardo Somigliana, Enrico Papaleo, Jose A Castilla, Paola Viganò
Pentoxifylline (PF) represents an effective tool in stimulating motility and identifying viable spermatozoa in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) patients presenting exclusively with immotile spermatozoa. However, its use is not universally accepted for its possible detrimental effects on oocytes, embryos or newborns. To evaluate whether PF use may affect obstetrical/neo-natal outcomes, 102 patients achieving a clinical pregnancy after a PF-ICSI in four IVF units in Spain and Italy were followed up after delivery...
January 24, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161065/placental-genetic-variations-in-vitamin-d-metabolism-and-birthweight
#11
Tsegaselassie Workalemahu, Sylvia E Badon, Michal Dishi-Galitzky, Chunfang Qiu, Michelle A Williams, Tanya Sorensen, Daniel A Enquobahrie
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D has pleiotropic functions that regulate fetal growth and development. We investigated associations of common placental genetic variations in vitamin D metabolism with birthweight. METHODS: The study was conducted among participants (506 maternal-infant pairs) of a pregnancy cohort study. Data were collected using interviewer-administered questionnaires and post-delivery medical record abstraction. DNA, extracted from placental samples collected at delivery, was genotyped for eight single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in five vitamin D metabolism genes (CUBN, LRP2, VDR, GC, and CYP2R1)...
February 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159311/intestinal-barrier-maturation-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-relationship-to-feeding-and-antibiotic-exposure
#12
Bushra Saleem, Adora C Okogbule-Wonodi, Alessio Fasano, Laurence S Magder, Jacques Ravel, Shiv Kapoor, Rose M Viscardi
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that feeding and antibiotic exposures affect intestinal barrier maturation in preterm infants, we serially measured intestinal permeability (IP) biomarkers in infants <33 weeks gestation (gestational age [GA]) during the first 2 weeks of life. STUDY DESIGN: Eligible infants <33 weeks GA were enrolled within 4 days of birth in a prospective study of IP biomarkers (NCT01756040). Study participants received the nonmetabolized sugars lactulose/rhamnose enterally on study days 1, 8, and 15 and lactulose/rhamnose were measured in urine by high-performance liquid chromatography...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154110/oxygen-saturation-ranges-for-healthy-newborns-within-24%C3%A2-hours-at-1800%C3%A2-m
#13
Melissa C Morgan, Beth Maina, Mary Waiyego, Catherine Mutinda, Jalemba Aluvaala, Michuki Maina, Mike English
There are minimal data to define normal oxygen saturation (SpO2) levels for infants within the first 24 hours of life and even fewer data generalisable to the 7% of the global population that resides at an altitude of >1500 m. The aim of this study was to establish the reference range for SpO2 in healthy term and preterm neonates within 24 hours in Nairobi, Kenya, located at 1800 m. A random sample of clinically well infants had SpO2 measured once in the first 24 hours. A total of 555 infants were enrolled...
February 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153659/enoxaparin-for-the-prevention-of-preeclampsia-and%C3%A2-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-women-with%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-history-%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-randomized-trial
#14
Katie M Groom, Lesley M McCowan, Laura K Mackay, Arier C Lee, Joanne M Said, Stefan C Kane, Susan P Walker, Thijs E van Mens, Natalie J Hannan, Stephen Tong, Larry W Chamley, Peter R Stone, Claire McLintock
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia and small-for-gestational-age pregnancy are major causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Women with a previous pregnancy affected by these conditions are at an increased risk of recurrence in a future pregnancy. Past trials evaluating the effect of low-molecular-weight heparin for the prevention of recurrence of preeclampsia and small-for-gestational-age pregnancy have shown conflicting results with high levels of heterogeneity displayed when trials were compared...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145021/probiotics-for-prevention-of-suspected-sepsis-in-low-birthweight-infants
#15
Anu Thukral, Mari Jeeva Sankar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143580/prevalence-of-preterm-low-birthweight-and-small-for-gestational-age-delivery-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-population-based-study
#16
Kristin Zeneé Black, Hazel B Nichols, Eugenia Eng, Diane Louise Rowley
BACKGROUND: Black-white disparities in breast cancer incidence rates and birth outcomes raise concerns about potential disparities in the reproductive health of premenopausal breast cancer survivors. We examined the prevalence of preterm birth (PTB), low birthweight (LBW), and small for gestational age (SGA) by breast cancer history and effect modification by race. METHODS: We analyzed linked North Carolina birth records and Central Cancer Registry files from 1990 to 2009 (n = 2,325,229)...
January 31, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143492/a-longitudinal-study-of-associations-between-psychiatric-symptoms-and-disorders-and-cerebral-gray-matter-volumes-in-adolescents-born-very-preterm
#17
Violeta L Botellero, Jon Skranes, Knut Jørgen Bjuland, Asta Kristine Håberg, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Marit S Indredavik, Marit Martinussen
BACKGROUND: Being born preterm with very low birthweight (VLBW ≤ 1500 g) poses a risk for cortical and subcortical gray matter (GM) abnormalities, as well as for having more psychiatric problems during childhood and adolescence than term-born individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cortical and subcortical GM volumes and the course of psychiatric disorders during adolescence in VLBW individuals. METHODS: We followed VLBW individuals and term-born controls (birth weight ≥10th percentile) from 15 (VLBW;controls n = 40;56) to 19 (n = 44;60) years of age...
February 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138914/obstetric-and-perinatal-outcome-in-anti-ro-ssa-positive-pregnant-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Nuria Martínez-Sánchez, Sergio Pérez-Pinto, Ángel Robles-Marhuenda, Francisco Arnalich-Fernández, María Martín Cameán, Edurne Hueso Zalvide, Jose Luis Bartha
: Anti-Ro/SS-A is one specific type of antinuclear antibodies. They are in the majority of cases associated with primary Sjögren syndrome (SS) but also in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and in healthy people. During pregnancy, they are mainly associated to congenital heart block (CHB) and neonatal lupus (NL). The aim of this study was to compare the rate of maternal and fetal complications between a series of anti-Ro/SS-A positive pregnant women prospectively followed...
January 30, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135188/births-final-data-for-2015
#19
Joyce A Martin, Brady E Hamilton, Michelle J K Osterman, Anne K Driscoll, T J Mathews
Objectives-This report presents 2015 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal age, live-birth order, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, attendant at birth, method of delivery, period of gestation, birthweight, and plurality. Selected data by mother's state of residence and birth rates by age and race of father also are shown. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted. Methods-Descriptive tabulations of data reported on the birth certificates of the 3...
January 2017: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131319/review-placental-adaptations-to-the-presence-of-maternal-asthma-during-pregnancy
#20
REVIEW
A S Meakin, Z Saif, A R Jones, P F Valenzula Aviles, V L Clifton
Asthma is a highly prevalent chronic medical condition affecting an estimated 12% of pregnant, women each year, with prevalence of asthma greatest (up to 16%) among the socially disadvantaged. Maternal asthma is associated with significant perinatal morbidity and mortality including preterm births, neonatal hospitalisations and low birthweight outcomes each year. We have identified that the placenta adapts to the presence of chronic, maternal asthma during pregnancy in a sex specific manner that may confer sex differences in fetal outcome...
January 21, 2017: Placenta
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