Read by QxMD icon Read

Low birthweight

Alexandra L Nowak, Carmen Giurgescu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to report findings of published studies of the relationships between poor-quality built environments and negative birth outcomes. METHOD: Quantitative studies measuring various aspects of the built environment including property damage, housing damage, physical disorder, physical incivilities, nuisance, vacancy, tenure, occupancy, and structural deterioration and their effects on birth outcomes such as preterm birth, low birthweight, and small for gestational age were identified using Scopus, PubMed, Medline, and PsycINFO databases...
October 13, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Rebecca L Wilson, Jessica A Grieger, Tina Bianco-Miotto, Claire T Roberts
Adequate zinc stores in the body are extremely important during periods of accelerated growth. However, zinc deficiency is common in developing countries and low maternal circulating zinc concentrations have previously been associated with pregnancy complications. We reviewed current literature assessing circulating zinc and dietary zinc intake during pregnancy and the associations with preeclampsia (PE); spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB); low birthweight (LBW); and gestational diabetes (GDM). Searches of MEDLINE; CINAHL and Scopus databases identified 639 articles and 64 studies were reviewed...
October 15, 2016: Nutrients
Wen Tang, Yi Mu, Xiaohong Li, Yanping Wang, Zheng Liu, Qi Li, Mingrong Li, Robert Scherpbier, Sufang Guo, Xiaona Huang, Leni Kang, Jun Zhu, Juan Liang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify new evidence about the burden and risk factors of low birthweight (LBW) in China using national facility-based data. METHODS: The association between sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics and LBW was examined using a multilevel model, taking into account the clustering of livebirths within hospitals and multiple gestations per woman. RESULTS: There were 3 915 965 deliveries and 235 247 cases born with LBW, producing a LBW rate of 5...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Maureen O'Leary, Karen Edmond, Sian Floyd, Lisa Hurt, Caitlin Shannon, Gyan Thomas, Sam Newton, Betty Kirkwood, Sara Thomas
OBJECTIVES: Global vaccination policy advocates for identifying and targeting groups who are underserved by vaccination to increase equity and uptake. We investigated whether birth weight and other factors are determinants of neonatal BCG vaccination in order to identify infants underserved by vaccination. METHODS: We used logistic regression to calculate adjusted ORs (AORs) for the association between birth weight (categorised as non-low birth weight (NLBW) (≥2...
October 13, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Niloofar Karbasian, Mahdi Sheikh, Reihaneh Pirjani, Shahla Hazrati, Fatemeh Tara, Sedigheh Hantoushzadeh
AIM: We compared the effectiveness of a combined treatment involving cervical pessary plus vaginal progesterone to vaginal progesterone alone in decreasing the rate of preterm birth in women with short cervix in the second gestational trimester. METHODS: This prospective, open-label, randomized clinical trial was conducted on 144 pregnant women with singleton pregnancy who had a cervical length ≤ 25 mm, at 18-22 gestational weeks (GW). Seventy-three patients were assigned to receive 400 mg of daily vaginal progesterone (group A), and 73 to receive cervical pessary plus 400 mg of daily vaginal progesterone (group B), until the 37th GW...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Laura Oakley, Nicole Penn, Maria Pipi, Eugene Oteng-Ntim, Pat Doyle
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether moderately increased maternal age is associated with obstetric and neonatal outcome in a contemporary population, and to consider the possible role of co-morbidities in explaining any increased risk. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of routinely collected data from a large maternity unit in London, UK. Data were available on 51,225 singleton deliveries (≥22 weeks) occurring to women aged ≥20 between 2004 and 2012...
2016: PloS One
Mark R Hobbs, Susan Mb Morton, Polly Atatoa-Carr, Stephen R Ritchie, Mark G Thomas, Rajneeta Saraf, Carol Chelimo, Anthony Harnden, Carlos A Camargo, Cameron C Grant
AIM: Infectious disease (ID) hospitalisation rates are increasing in New Zealand (NZ), especially in pre-school children, and Māori and Pacific people. We aimed to identify risk factors for ID hospitalisation in infancy within a birth cohort of NZ children, and to identify differences in risk factors between ethnic groups. METHODS: We investigated an established cohort of 6846 NZ children, born in 2009-2010, with linkage to a national data set of hospitalisations...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Amanda Veile, Karen L Kramer
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiologic link between cesarean birth and childhood obesity is unresolved, partly because most studies come from industrialized settings where many post-birth factors affect the risk for obesity. We take advantage of an unusual ethnographic situation where hospital and cesarean birth modes have recently been introduced among Yucatec Maya subsistence farmers, but young children have had minimal exposure to the nutritional transition. While we expect to find very low rates of childhood obesity, we predict that cesarean-born children will be larger and heavier than vaginally born children...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
A J Spittle, J Olsen, A Kwong, L W Doyle, P B Marschik, C Einspieler, Jly Cheong
INTRODUCTION: Infants born extremely preterm (EP; <28 weeks' gestation) and/or with extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g birth weight) are at increased risk for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, it is challenging to predict those EP/ELBW infants destined to have long-term neurodevelopmental impairments in order to target early intervention to those in most need. The General Movements Assessment (GMA) in early infancy has high predictive validity for neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
Maria Beatriz Trindade de Castro, Dayana Rodrigues Farias, Jaqueline Lepsch, Roberta Hack Mendes, Aline Alves Ferreira, Gilberto Kac
The association between the quality of maternal dietary fat intake during pregnancy and the infant's birthweight (BW) remains controversial. Our goal was to investigate the association between maternal dietary fat intake during pregnancy and the rate of large for gestational age (LGA) newborns. This study employed a cross-sectional analysis of 297 pairs of mothers/children attending a public maternity at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. BW for gestational age according to the Intergrowth 21st was defined as follows: adequate for gestational age (AGA ≤ 90th percentile) and LGA (>90th percentile)...
October 3, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Calan Savoy, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: Mortality rates among extremely low birthweight (ELBW) infants have declined since the advent of antenatal glucocorticoid use. However, the long term neuropsychiatric effects of exposure are not well understood. We utilized the world's oldest longitudinally followed cohort of ELBW survivors to compare psychopathology over two decades in adulthood in those exposed to prenatal betamethasone and those who were not. METHODS: ELBW survivors (n=179) and matched normal birth weight (NBW) controls (n=145) completed the Young Adult Self-Report questionnaire at 22-26 and 29-36 years, and the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories at 29-36 years...
September 28, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Juan Jesús Fernández-Alba, Carmen González-Macías, Angel Vilar Sánchez, Pilar Tajada Cepero, Raquel Garrido Teruel, María José García-Cabanillas, Luis Javier Moreno-Corral, Rafael Torrejón Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) in pregnant women with protein S (PS) deficiency who received low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH). METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of pregnant women seen from January 2002 to December 2011. The study cohort comprised a total of 328 patients with PS deficiency, who received prophylactic enoxaparin during pregnancy. The control cohort included 11 884 pregnant women without significant past medical history...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Nissim Arbib, Eran Hadar, Orly Sneh-Arbib, Rony Chen, Arnon Wiznitzer, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv
PURPOSE: Maternal thyroid gland dysfunction may adversely affect pregnancy outcome. We aimed to examine the association between subclinical thyroid dysfunction, both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, to adverse pregnancy outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all women with an available first trimester thyroid function testing and known pregnancy outcome, categorized to subclinical hypothyroidism, or hyperthyroidism and evaluated for complication during gestation and delivery...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Francesco M Risso, Elio Castagnola, Roberto Bandettini, Diego Minghetti, Laura Pagani, Luca A Ramenghi
PURPOSE: The incidence of late-onset neonatal infection (LONS) group B streptococcus (GBS) in very low birthweight (VLBW) is still matter of debate. In the present 10-years retrospective study we investigated the epidemiology of GBS LONS in VLBW neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2006 to July 2015 we conducted a retrospective study in all preterm infants admitted at our third level referral center for neonatal intensive care (NICU). From our database we were able to retrieve all cases of bloodstream infections/meningitis GBS positive...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Nor Rosidah Ibrahim, Tan Hooi Kheng, Ariffin Nasir, Noraida Ramli, Jimmy Lee Kok Foo, Sharifah Huda Syed Alwi, Hans Van Rostenberghe
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether feeding with 2-hourly or 3-hourly feeding interval reduces the time to achieve full enteral feeding and to compare their outcome in very low birthweight preterm infants. DESIGN: Parallel-group randomised controlled trial with a 1:1 allocation ratio. SETTING: Two regional tertiary neonatal intensive care units. PATIENTS: 150 preterm infants less than 35 weeks gestation with birth weight between 1...
September 26, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Panayotis K Thanos, Jianmin Zhuo, Lisa Robison, Ronald Kim, Mala Ananth, Ilon Choai, Adam Grunseich, Nicola M Grissom, Robert George, Foteini Delis, Teresa M Reyes
Birthweight is a marker for suboptimal fetal growth and development in utero. Offspring can be born large for gestational age (LGA), which is linked to maternal obesity or excessive gestational weight gain, as well as small for gestational age (SGA), arising from nutrient or calorie deficiency, placental dysfunction, or other maternal conditions (hypertension, infection). In humans, LGA and SGA babies are at an increased risk for certain neurodevelopmental disorders, including Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, schizophrenia, and social and mood disorders...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Monika E von Bonsdorff, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Janne Martikainen, Minna Salonen, Eero Kajantie, Hannu Kautiainen, Johan G Eriksson
AIM: We investigated, among those who had been hospitalized at least once due to coronary heart disease (CHD), the relationship between ponderal index at birth (PI, birthweight/length(3)), a measure of thinness, and the age at first hospitalization due to CHD, the number of CHD-related hospital care episodes, and cost of CHD-related hospital care from young adulthood to old age. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study included 964 men born in Helsinki, Finland during 1934-44, who had been hospitalized due to CHD and had birth anthropometrics data...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Medicine
Raffaele Bruno, Elisabetta Petrella, Valentina Bertarini, Giulia Pedrielli, Isabella Neri, Fabio Facchinetti
This study aims to determine whether the prescription of a detailed lifestyle programme in overweight/obese pregnant women influences the occurrence of gestational diabetes (GDM), and if this kind of prescription increases the adherence to a healthier lifestyle in comparison to standard care. The study was designed as a randomized controlled trial, with open allocation, enrolling women at 9-12 weeks of pregnancy with a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) . The women assigned to the Intervention group (I = 96) received a hypocaloric, low-glycaemic, low-saturated fat diet and physical activity recommendations...
September 19, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Jennifer A Callaghan-Koru, Abiy Seifu Estifanos, Ephrem Daniel Sheferaw, Joseph de Graft-Johnson, Carina Rosado, Rachel Patton-Molitors, Bogale Worku, Barbara Rawlins, Abdullah Baqui
AIM: To assess the effects of a facility and community newborn intervention package on coverage of early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) and exclusive breastfeeding-the therapeutic aspects of kangaroo mother care. METHODS: A multilevel community and facility intervention in Ethiopia trained health workers in 10 health centers and the surrounding communities to promote early SSC and exclusive breastfeeding for all babies born at home or the facility. Changes in SSC and exclusive breastfeeding were assessed by comparing baseline and endline household surveys...
September 19, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Fang Gu, Mingfen Deng, Jun Gao, Zilian Wang, Chenhui Ding, Yanwen Xu, Canquan Zhou
BACKGROUND: Embryo culture media used for IVF treatment might affect fetal growth and thus birthweight of the newborns. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in South China using data from 2370 singleton neonates born after IVF/ICSI between 2009 and 2012. Two culture media, i.e., either Vitrolife or SAGE were used as embryo culture media during the study period. Neonates' birthweights were compared between the two embryo culture media groups. RESULTS: Among the 2370 singletons, 1755 cases came from fresh cleavage embryo transfer while 615 were from frozen-thawed cleavage embryo transfer...
2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"