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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523891/neonatal-endocrinologic-problems-in-collodion-babies
#1
Ahmet Ozdemir, Sabriye Korkut, Selim Kurtoglu, Nihal Hatipoglu, Tamer Gunes, Mehmet Adnan Ozturk
OBJECTIVES: To identify endocrinologic problems, particularly those concerning growth, in collodion babies (CBs). METHODS: Clinically identified newborn CBs were included in the study group (group 1). Because CBs are generally born premature, small for gestational age (SGA), or both, a control group matched to the study group in terms of gestational age and birthweight (group 2) was also established. Blood specimens were collected from both groups for thyroid function tests and to measure serum growth hormone (GH), insulinlike growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) levels...
May 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522338/year-round-influenza-immunisation-during-pregnancy-in-nepal-a-phase-4-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Mark C Steinhoff, Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Laveta Stewart, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C LeClerq, Naoko Kozuki, Monica McNeal, Adriana M Reedy, James M Tielsch
BACKGROUND: Influenza immunisation during pregnancy is recommended but not widely implemented in some low-income regions. We assessed the safety and efficacy in mothers and infants of year-round maternal influenza immunisation in Nepal, where influenza viruses circulate throughout the year. METHODS: In this phase 4, randomised, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled two consecutive sequential annual cohorts of pregnant women from the Sarlahi district in southern Nepal...
May 15, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522337/maternal-influenza-immunisation-to-reduce-influenza-infections-and-low-birthweight-in-infants-in-resource-limited-countries
#3
Paul Loubet, Odile Launay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516443/multiple-red-blood-cell-transfusions-and-iron-overload-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#4
J D Treviño-Báez, E Briones-Lara, J Alamillo-Velázquez, M I Martínez-Moreno
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To estimate the risk of iron overload in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants who receive more than two red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, in comparison with those who receive two or less during their hospital stay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective open cohort study in VLBW infants with >2 (exposed) and ≤2 (non-exposed) RBC transfusions. Ferritin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were measured at birth and after each RBC transfusion...
May 18, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506952/retrospective-evaluation-of-pregnant-women-with-celiac-disease
#5
Kemal Beksaç, Gökçen Örgül, Murat Çağan, Ergun Karaağaoğlu, Serap Arslan, Mehmet Sinan Beksaç
OBJECTIVE: To show celiac disease (CD) and its poor pregnancy outcome relationship, and to demonstrate the importance of a gluten-free diet together with low-dose low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and low-dose corticosteroid (LDC) in the management of pregnancies with CD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study consisted of 2 groups of patients. Six patients with CD (control group) on a gluten-free diet were monitored during their first pregnancies within the framework of antenatal care program and their pregnancy outcomes were compared with eight poorly-treated pregnant patients with CD (study group) who were referred from other medical institutions...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503828/birthweight-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-japanese-general-population
#6
Shinji Katsuragi, Tomonori Okamura, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Tomoaki Ikeda, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
AIM: This study was conducted to examine whether babies born small develop cardiovascular problems in later life. METHODS: Data were examined retrospectively for 1241 city dwellers (men 521, women 720) aged 40-69 years who received a medical examination at a single institution. Blood tests, physical measurements, and a questionnaire survey regarding birth weight (small, medium, large), medication history and lifestyle (alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise) was administered...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502760/patterns-of-gestational-weight-gain-and-birth-weight-outcomes-in-the-nichd-fetal-growth-study-singletons-a-prospective-study
#7
Sarah J Pugh, Paul S Albert, Sungduk Kim, William Grobman, Stefanie N Hinkle, Roger B Newman, Deborah A Wing, Katherine L Grantz
BACKGROUND: Inadequate or excessive total gestational weight gain (GWG) is associated with increased risks of small- and large-for-gestational age births, respectively, but evidence is sparse regarding overall and trimester-specific patterns of GWG in relation to these risks. Characterizing the interrelationship between patterns of GWG across trimesters can reveal whether the trajectory of GWG in the 1st trimester sets the path for GWG in subsequent trimesters, thereby serving as an early marker for at-risk pregnancies...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501274/impact-of-fetal-growth-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-severe-preeclampsia
#8
Ebony B Carter, Shayna N Conner, Alison G Cahill, Roxane Rampersad, George A Macones, Methodius G Tuuli
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether pregnancy outcomes in women with severe preeclampsia (sPE) with small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses differ from those with sPE without SGA or isolated SGA. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of consecutive non-anomalous, livebirths in a single tertiary care institution from 2004 to 2008. We compared pregnancy outcomes in women who had sPE with SGA (birthweight<10th percentile), and sPE without SGA to those with isolated SGA as reference...
April 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500823/aflatoxin-exposure-during-pregnancy-maternal-anemia-and-adverse-birth-outcomes
#9
Laura E Smith, Andrew J Prendergast, Paul C Turner, Jean H Humphrey, Rebecca J Stoltzfus
AbstractPregnant women and their developing fetuses are vulnerable to multiple environmental insults, including exposure to aflatoxin, a mycotoxin that may contaminate as much as 25% of the world food supply. We reviewed and integrated findings from studies of aflatoxin exposure during pregnancy and evaluated potential links to adverse pregnancy outcomes. We identified 27 studies (10 human cross-sectional studies and 17 animal studies) assessing the relationship between aflatoxin exposure and adverse birth outcomes or anemia...
April 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#10
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466604/the-influence-of-male-age-on-treatment-outcomes-and-neonatal-birthweight-following-assisted-reproduction-technology-involving-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-icsi-cycles
#11
N-Z Ma, L Chen, L-L Hu, W Dai, Z-Q Bu, Y-P Sun
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of male age on treatment outcomes and neonatal birthweight following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This study included 2,474 ICSI cycles. Male partners were stratified into 5-year age categories (up to 25, 26-30, 31-35, 36-40 and 41 and up). Multilevel logistic regression was used to evaluate the relationship between male age and treatment outcomes. After adjusting for confounders, we found no difference in the clinical pregnancy rate. However, we observed that the 31- to 35-year group had a higher odds of live birth than that of the >41-year group (aOR 1...
May 3, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455086/adverse-pregnancy-birth-and-infant-outcomes-in-twins-effects-of-maternal-fertility-status-and-infant-gender-combinations-the-massachusetts-outcomes-study-of-assisted-reproductive-technology
#12
Barbara Luke, Daksha Gopal, Howard Cabral, Judy E Stern, Hafsatou Diop
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the risk of adverse outcomes in twin pregnancies among subfertile women, conceived with and without in vitro fertilization (IVF), differ from those conceived spontaneously. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of fertility status on adverse perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies on a population basis. STUDY DESIGN: All twin live births of ≥22 weeks' gestation and ≥350 grams birthweight to Massachusetts resident women in 2004-10 were linked to hospital discharge records, vital records, and IVF cycles...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454690/placental-soluble-fms-like-tyrosine-kinase-expression-in-small-for-gestational-age-infants-and-risk-for-adverse-outcomes
#13
Melissa Spiel, Saira Salahuddin, Elizabeth Pernicone, Zsuzsanna Zsengeller, Alice Wang, Anna M Modest, S Ananth Karumanchi, Jonathan L Hecht
INTRODUCTION: Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFLT-1) is an anti-angiogenic factor implicated in the pathogenesis of preterm preeclampsia. We evaluated sFLT-1 expression and placental pathology in pregnancies complicated by small for gestational age (SGA) infants (<10th percentile), without evidence of preeclampsia. METHODS: Clinical and histologic data were compared between groups with high or low sFLT-1 expression determined by immunohistochemistry on archived placentas...
April 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454665/area-racism-and-birth-outcomes-among-blacks-in-the-united-states
#14
David H Chae, Sean Clouston, Connor D Martz, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Hannah L F Cooper, Rodman Turpin, Seth Stephens-Davidowitz, Michael R Kramer
There is increasing evidence that racism is a cause of poor health outcomes in the United States, including adverse birth outcomes among Blacks. However, research on the health consequences of racism has faced measurement challenges due to the more subtle nature of contemporary racism, which is not necessarily amenable to assessment through traditionally used survey methods. In this study, we circumvent some of these limitations by examining a previously developed Internet query-based proxy of area racism (Stephens-Davidowitz, 2014) in relation to preterm birth and low birthweight among Blacks...
April 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448483/trends-in-repeat-births-and-use-of-postpartum-contraception-among-teens-united-states-2004-2015
#15
Deborah L Dee, Karen Pazol, Shanna Cox, Ruben A Smith, Katherine Bower, Martha Kapaya, Amy Fasula, Ayanna Harrison, Charlan D Kroelinger, Denise D'Angelo, Leslie Harrison, Emilia H Koumans, Nikki Mayes, Wanda D Barfield, Lee Warner
Teen* childbearing (one or more live births before age 20 years) can have negative health, social, and economic consequences for mothers and their children (1). Repeat teen births (two or more live births before age 20 years) can constrain the mother's ability to take advantage of educational and workforce opportunities (2), and are more likely to be preterm or of low birthweight than first teen births (3). Despite the historic decline in the U.S. teen birth rate during 1991-2015, from 61.8 to 22.3 births per 1,000 females aged 15-19 years (4), many teens continue to have repeat births (3)...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436124/characteristics-and-respiratory-risk-profile-of-children-aged-less-than-5-years-presenting-to-an-urban-aboriginal-friendly-comprehensive-primary-health-practice-in-australia
#16
Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Melissa Dunbar, Daniel Arnold, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
AIM: There are no published data on factors impacting on acute respiratory illness (ARI) among urban Indigenous children. We describe the characteristics and respiratory risk profile of young urban Indigenous children attending an Aboriginal-friendly primary health-care practice. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data collected at baseline in a cohort study investigating ARI in urban Indigenous children aged less than 5 years registered with an Aboriginal primary health-care service...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435991/polycythemia-capillary-rarefaction-and-focal-glomerulosclerosis-in-two-adolescents-born-extremely-low-birth-weight-and-premature
#17
Nariaki Asada, Takanori Tsukahara, Megumi Furuhata, Daisuke Matsuoka, Shunsuke Noda, Kuniaki Naganuma, Akinori Hashiguchi, Midori Awazu
BACKGROUND: Low birthweight infants have a reduced number of nephrons and are at high risk of chronic kidney disease. Preterm birth and/or intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) may also affect peritubular capillary development, as has been shown in other organs. CASE-DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: We report two patients with a history of preterm birth and extremely low birthweight who showed polycythemia and renal capillary rarefaction. Patient 1 and 2, born at 25 weeks of gestation with a birthweight of 728 and 466 g, showed mild proteinuria at age 8 and 6 years, respectively...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432735/perinatal-outcomes-among-young-indigenous-australian-mothers-a-cross-sectional-study-and-comparison-with-adult-indigenous-mothers
#18
Malinda Steenkamp, Jacqueline Boyle, Sue Kildea, Vivienne Moore, Michael Davies, Alice Rumbold
BACKGROUND: The teenage pregnancy rate is high among Indigenous Australian women, yet little is known about their pregnancy outcomes. Moreover, against a background of extreme social disadvantage, the relative importance of age as a risk factor for adverse outcomes among Indigenous pregnancies is unclear. We compared perinatal outcomes for Indigenous teenagers (<20 years) with adult Indigenous women (20-34 years), and described outcomes in subgroups of teenagers. METHODS: Data were analyzed for 2421 singleton births to Indigenous women aged <35 years in Australia's Northern Territory from 2003 to 2005...
April 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432701/ovarian-follicle-development-and-genital-tract-characteristics-in-different-birthweight-gilts-at-150%C3%A2-days-of-age
#19
Frcl Almeida, Aln Alvarenga Dias, L P Moreira, Atl Fiúza, H Chiarini-Garcia
In the last decades, selection for improved prolificacy has resulted in higher litter sizes and has thereby increased the proportion of low birthweight (LW) piglets. It is well documented that LW piglets have lower growth performance, muscle accretion and poor carcass quality. However, little is known about the relations of birthweight with subsequent reproductive performance in gilts. This study investigated the effects of birthweight on reproductive tract and ovarian follicle development in 150-day-old gilts...
April 22, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431989/live-birth-miscarriage-and-abortion-among-u-s-women-with-and-without-disabilities
#20
Willi Horner-Johnson, Sheetal Kulkarni-Rajasekhara, Blair G Darney, Mekhala Dissanayake, Aaron B Caughey
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have found that women with disabilities who give birth are more likely to have preterm deliveries and low birthweight infants. However, it is not known what proportion of pregnant women with disabilities experience live birth, versus miscarriage or abortion. OBJECTIVE: To compare proportions of live birth, miscarriage, and abortion among women with basic action difficulties, women with complex activity limitations, and women without disabilities in a nationally representative sample...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
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