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Review meta-analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647989/-accuracy-of-ct-colonography-for-the-detection-of-colorectal-neoplasm-a-subgroup-meta-analysis
#1
H H Yu, H Y Huang, Y S Jiang, C Zhu, C G Guo, M Dai, X J Xing, J F Shi
Objective: To assess the accuracy of computed tomographic colonography (CTC) for detection of colorectal neoplasm. Methods: Publications prior to January 2016 from the Medline, Embase, CNKI, WANFANG, and VIP literature databases were systematically reviewed. A QUADAS checklist was used to assess the quality of the studies. According to the sizes of tumor (≥6 mm or ≥10 mm), diagnostic test accuracy indexes (area under the curve, sensitivity and specific) were pooled and stratified. Spearman correlation and curve of summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) were applied to comprehensively assess the threshold effect...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647892/postprandial-hypotension-in-neurological-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Antun Pavelić, Magdalena Krbot Skorić, Luka Crnošija, Mario Habek
PURPOSE: Postprandial hypotension (PPH) has been associated with increased risk of syncope, falls, stroke, angina and mortality. As the majority of patients with PPH are asymptomatic, the diagnosis is often overlooked. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of available scientific evidence on the likelihood of PPH in neurological diseases. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature (PubMed library, Cochrane Database for Systematic Reviews and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for results up to January 2017) identified 327 studies, of which 11 reported the frequency of PPH in patients with neurological diseases compared to healthy controls...
June 24, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647763/decompression-plus-fusion-versus-decompression-alone-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Hai-Feng Liang, Shu-Hao Liu, Zi-Xian Chen, Qin-Ming Fei
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical effectiveness of decompression plus fusion and decompression alone for patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, a systematic review and meta-analysis of all available evidence was performed. METHODS: A search of the literature was conducted on PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Collaboration Library. Relevant studies comparing decompression plus fusion and decompression alone were selected according to eligibility criteria...
June 24, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647732/perioperative-strokes-following-surgical-correction-of-mitral-valves-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Reshmi Udesh, Piruthiviraj Natarajan, Vinodh Jeevanantham, Thomas G Gleason, Vinay Badhwar, Parthasarathy D Thirumala
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this meta-analysis was to quantify the impact of perioperative strokes on stroke-related mortality after open mitral valve (MV) procedures were performed. METHODS: An electronic search of the PubMed, Embase, and the Web of Science databases was performed to retrieve articles published up to December 2015, relevant to patients undergoing MV procedures. Data were extracted from the final list of 25 studies to calculate a summary OR for 30-day stroke-related mortality...
June 24, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647726/treatments-for-gestational-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Diane Farrar, Mark Simmonds, Maria Bryant, Trevor A Sheldon, Derek Tuffnell, Su Golder, Debbie A Lawlor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of different treatments for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Systematic review, meta-analysis and network meta-analysis. METHODS: Data sources were searched up to July 2016 and included MEDLINE and Embase. Randomised trials comparing treatments for GDM (packages of care (dietary and lifestyle interventions with pharmacological treatments as required), insulin, metformin, glibenclamide (glyburide)) were selected by two authors and double checked for accuracy...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647718/new-meniscal-tears-after-acl-injury-what-is-the-risk-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
REVIEW
Guri Ranum Ekås, Clare Ardern, Hege Grindem, Lars Engebretsen
BACKGROUND: Secondary meniscal tears after ACL injuries increase the risk of knee osteoarthritis. The current literature on secondary meniscal injuries after ACL injury is not consistent and may have methodological shortcomings. This protocol describes the methods of a systematic review investigating the rate of secondary meniscal injuries in children and adults after treatment (operative or non-operative) for ACL injury. METHODS: We will search electronic databases (Embase, Ovid Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), SPORTDiscus, PEDro and Google Scholar) from database inception...
June 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647667/self-esteem-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Rebecca L Forrester, Hayley Slater, Khowla Jomar, Susan Mitzman, Peter James Taylor
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a self-destructive act that represents a considerable burden on the individual and society. Low self-esteem may be a psychological variable that is related to NSSI. However, little is known about the nature of this relationship in adulthood. This systematic review therefore aimed to provide a synthesis of the available literature on the relationship between self-esteem and NSSI. METHODS: Articles were independently identified and risk of bias assessed by two reviewers searching PsycINFO, CINAHL, Medline and Web of Science databases...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647584/transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-tlif-versus-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-plif-in-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Suzanne L de Kunder, Sander Mj van Kuijk, Kim Rijkers, Inge Jmh Caelers, Wouter Lw van Hemert, Rob A de Bie, Henk van Santbrink
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) are both frequently used as surgical treatment for lumbar spondylolisthesis. Due to the unilateral transforaminal route to the intervertebral space used in TLIF, opposed to the bilateral route used in PLIF, TLIF could be associated with fewer complications, shorter duration of surgery, and less blood loss, while effectiveness of both techniques on back and/or leg pain is equal...
June 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647512/effect-of-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors-on-circulating-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-concentrations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Stephen L Atkin, Niki Katsiki, Maciej Banach, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Matteo Pirro, Amirhossein Sahebkar
OBJECTIVE: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. There are also reports of an effect of these drugs in reducing inflammation through inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) that is an important mediator for several inflammatory processes. The present systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the effect of DPP-4 inhibitors on circulating TNF-α levels in T2DM patients. METHODS: A systematic review and a meta-analysis were undertaken on all controlled trials of DPP-4 inhibitors that included measurement of TNF-α...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647440/optimal-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-and-multivessel-disease-an-updated-large-scale-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
An Vu Nguyen, Le Van Thanh, Mohamed Gomaa Kamel, Sara Attia Mahmoud Abdelrahman, Mohamed El-Mekawy, Mohamed Ashraf Mokhtar, Aya Ashraf Ali, Nam Nguyen Nho Hoang, Nguyen Lam Vuong, Fatma Abd-Elshahed Abd-Elhay, Omer Abdelbagi Omer, Ahmed Abdou Mohamed, Kenji Hirayama, Nguyen Tien Huy
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to compare three different percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) approaches: culprit-only (COR) and complete (CR) revascularization - categorizing into immediate (ICR) or staged (SCR). METHODS: We searched 13 databases for randomized controlled trials. Articles were included if they compared at least two strategies. To have more studies in each analysis, an adjusted analysis was performed using person-years to incorporate follow-up durations and obtain pooled rate ratios (RR), with their corresponding 95% confidence interval...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647434/hyperechogenicity-of-substantia-nigra-for-differential-diagnosis-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Azin Shafieesabet, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Azadeh Shafieesabet, Ahmad Delbari, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Ronald B Postuma, Johan Lökk
Studies have suggested that the majority of patients with Parkinson's disease have abnormal ultrasound hyperechogenicity of the substantia nigra, and that this may be useful in diagnosis. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate diagnostic value of substantia nigra ultrasound to differentiate Parkinson's disease from atypical parkinsonism and from essential tremor. We systematically searched PubMed and EMBASE for relevant studies published until November 2016. Eligible articles were screened, data were extracted and study quality was scored by two independent reviewers...
June 15, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647205/measurement-properties-of-visual-rating-of-postural-orientation-errors-of-the-lower-extremity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jenny Nae, Mark W Creaby, Anna Cronström, Eva Ageberg
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review measurement properties of visual assessment and rating of Postural Orientation Errors (POEs) in participants with or without lower extremity musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: A systematic review according to the PRISMA guidelines was conducted. The search was performed in Medline (Pubmed), CINAHL and EMBASE (OVID) databases until August 2016. Studies reporting measurement properties for visual rating of postural orientation during the performance of weight-bearing functional tasks were included...
April 18, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647158/a-systematic-review-of-unilateral-versus-bilateral-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-percutaneous-kyphoplasty-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures
#13
Shengping Yang, Changxian Chen, Hanlong Wang, Zhiqiang Wu, Lianqun Liu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the unilateral and bilateral approaches in treating osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. METHODS: Based on the principles and methods of the Cochrane systematic reviews, the records of the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese Bio-medicine database, China Journal Full-text Database, VIP database, and Wanfang database were reviewed until October 2014. The randomized controlled trials on unilateral and bilateral approaches to percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP)/percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures were included...
June 21, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647137/apneic-oxygenation-reduces-the-incidence-of-hypoxemia-during-emergency-intubation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Ivan Pavlov, Sofia Medrano, Scott Weingart
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Apneic oxygenation has been advocated for the prevention of hypoxemia during emergency endotracheal intubation. Because of conflicting results from recent trials, the efficacy of apneic oxygenation remains unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effect of apneic oxygenation on the incidence of clinically significant hypoxemia during emergency endotracheal intubation. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed databases were searched without language and time restrictions for studies of apneic oxygenation performed in a critical care setting...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647007/childhood-psychiatric-disorders-as-risk-factor-for-subsequent-substance-abuse-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Annabeth P Groenman, Tieme W P Janssen, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prospective risk of developing substance-related disorders after childhood mental health disorders (i.e., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD] or conduct disorder [CD], anxiety disorder, and depression) using meta-analysis. METHOD: PubMed, Embase, and PsycInfo were searched for relevant longitudinal studies that described childhood (<18 years old) ADHD, ODD or CD, anxiety, or depression in relation to later alcohol-, nicotine-, or drug-related disorders or substance use disorders (SUDs) published in peer-reviewed journals in the English language from 1986 to May 2016...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646925/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-versus-placebo-or-no-prophylaxis-in-adult-hospitalised-acutely-ill-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#16
Søren Marker, Anders Perner, Jørn Wetterslev, Marija Barbateskovic, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Mette Krag, Anders Granholm, Carl Thomas Anthon, Morten Hylander Møller
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis is considered standard of care in many critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, the quality of evidence supporting this has recently been questioned, and clinical equipoise exists. Whether there is overall benefit or harm of stress ulcer prophylaxis in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients is unknown. Accordingly, we aim to assess patient-important benefits and harms of stress ulcer prophylaxis versus placebo or no treatment in adult hospitalised acutely ill patients with high risk of gastrointestinal bleeding irrespective of hospital setting...
June 24, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646895/stereotactic-radiosurgery-versus-whole-brain-radiotherapy-after-intracranial-metastasis-resection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Nayan Lamba, Ivo S Muskens, Aislyn C DiRisio, Louise Meijer, Vanessa Briceno, Heba Edrees, Bilal Aslam, Sadia Minhas, Joost J C Verhoeff, Catharina E Kleynen, Timothy R Smith, Rania A Mekary, Marike L Broekman
BACKGROUND: In patients with one to three brain metastases who undergo resection, options for post-operative treatments include whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) of the resection cavity. In this meta-analysis, we sought to compare the efficacy of each post-operative radiation modality with respect to tumor recurrence and survival. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane databases were searched through June 2016 for cohort studies reporting outcomes of SRS or WBRT after metastasis resection...
June 24, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646847/prevalence-of-birth-defects-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Yadollah Zahed Pasha, Amin Vahedi, Mohammad Zamani, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei, Ermia Zahed Pasha
INTRODUCTION: Birth defects are a series of disorders that occur during embryonic life. In Iran, no national situation analysis is available to show the rate of congenital disorders. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of structural birth defects in Iran. METHODS: We searched for English studies on PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar from January 1990 to July 2016. The search for Persian articles was performed in Scientific Information Database and Magiran. Two reviewers assessed the identified articles independently...
June 1, 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646732/effects-of-stimulants-and-atomoxetine-on-emotional-lability-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
T R Moukhtarian, R E Cooper, E Vassos, P Moran, P Asherson
BACKGROUND: Emotional lability (EL) is an associated feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults, contributing to functional impairment. Yet the effect of pharmacological treatments for ADHD on EL symptoms is unknown. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the effects of stimulants and atomoxetine on symptoms of EL and compare these with the effects on core ADHD symptoms. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted on the databases Embase, PsychInfo, and Ovid Medline(®) and the clinicaltrials...
May 25, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646585/prognostic-value-of-cell-cycle-arrest-biomarkers-in-patients-at-high-risk-for-acute-kidney-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Hui-Miao Jia, Li-Feng Huang, Yue Zheng, Wen-Xiong Li
AIM: Urinary tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) are G1 cell cycle arrest biomarkers. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of urinary [TIMP-2]·[IGFBP7] in patients at high risk for AKI. METHODS: The MEDLINE (via PubMed), Ovid, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched from inception to December 25, 2016. Original clinical studies which met the eligibility criteria were included in this study...
June 24, 2017: Nephrology
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