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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793102/joint-attention-in-down-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Laura J Hahn, Susan J Loveall, Madison T Savoy, Allie M Neumann, Toshikazu Ikuta
BACKGROUND: Some studies have indicated that joint attention may be a relative strength in Down syndrome (DS), but other studies have not. AIM: To conduct a meta-analysis of joint attention in DS to more conclusively determine if this is a relative strength or weakness when compared to children with typical development (TD), developmental disabilities (DD), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Journal articles published before September 13, 2016, were identified by using the search terms "Down syndrome" and "joint attention" or "coordinating attention"...
May 21, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793007/minimum-clinically-important-differences-in-chronic-pain-vary-considerable-by-baseline-pain-and-methodological-factors-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#2
REVIEW
Mette Frahm Olsen, Eik Bjerre, Maria Damkjær Hansen, Britta Tendal, Jørgen Hilden, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson
BACKGROUND: The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) is used to interpret the relevance of treatment effects, e.g. when developing clinical guidelines, evaluating trial results or planning sample sizes. There is currently no agreement on an appropriate MCID in chronic pain and little is known about which contextual factors cause variation. METHODS: Systematic review. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library. Eligible studies determined MCID for chronic pain based on a one-dimensional pain scale, a patient-reported transition scale of perceived improvement; and either a mean change analysis (mean difference in pain among minimally improved patients) or a threshold analysis (pain reduction associated with best sensitivity and specificity for identifying minimally improved patients)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792871/cerebral-small-vessel-disease-and-the-risk-of-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-population-based-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Daniel Bos, Frank J Wolters, Sirwan K L Darweesh, Meike W Vernooij, Frank de Wolf, M Arfan Ikram, Albert Hofman
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral small vessel disease is increasingly linked to dementia. METHODS: We systematically searched Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases for prospective population-based studies addressing associations of white matter hyperintensities, covert brain infarcts (i.e., clinically silent infarcts), and cerebral microbleeds with risk of all-dementia or Alzheimer's disease and performed meta-analyses. RESULTS: We identified 11 studies on white matter hyperintensities, covert brain infarcts, or cerebral microbleeds with risk of all-dementia or Alzheimer's disease...
May 21, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792756/uterine-or-paracervical-lidocaine-application-for-pain-control-during-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-insertion-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#4
Faustino R Perez-Lopez, Samuel J Martinez-Dominguez, Gonzalo R Perez-Roncero, Adrian V Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the effects of uterine or paracervical lidocaine application on pain control during IUD insertion. METHODS: PubMed and five other electronic research databases were searched through 15 November 2017 for RCTs comparing lidocaine treatment vs. a control (placebo or no-intervention) to prevent pain during IUD insertion. Searched terms included 'IUD insertion', 'lidocaine' and 'randomised controlled trial'. RCTs evaluating lidocaine treatment before IUD insertion without restriction of language, age and IUD type...
May 24, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792744/journal-club-extracolonic-findings-at-ct-colonography-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Perry J Pickhardt, Loredana Correale, Lia Morra, Daniele Regge, Cesare Hassan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies on CT colonography (CTC) in which extracolonic findings were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of studies of screening CTC and of CTC to evaluate symptoms (1994-June 2017) was conducted to estimate the rate of extra-colonic findings and associated additional workup recommendations. The primary outcome was potentially important extracolonic findings, defined as CT Colonography Imaging Reporting and Data System (C-RADS) category E4 or as having high clinical importance (if C-RADS was not used)...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792743/lesions-of-ligamentum-teres-diagnostic-performance-of-mri-and-mr-arthrography-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Delaram Shakoor, Sahar J Farahani, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Alex Johnson, Dhananjay Vaidya, Harpal S Khanuja, John Eng, Shadpour Demehri
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the diagnostic performance of MRI and MR arthrography for depicting ligamentum teres lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed. Original studies reporting the diagnostic accuracy of MRI examinations for the depiction of ligamentum teres lesions were included. RESULTS: Eight studies entailing 1456 MRI examinations were included (frequency of median ligamentum teres injury, 25...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792244/affective-problems-and-decline-in-cognitive-state-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
A John, U Patel, J Rusted, M Richards, D Gaysina
Evidence suggests that affective problems, such as depression and anxiety, increase risk for late-life dementia. However, the extent to which affective problems influence cognitive decline, even many years prior to clinical diagnosis of dementia, is not clear. The present study systematically reviews and synthesises the evidence for the association between affective problems and decline in cognitive state (i.e., decline in non-specific cognitive function) in older adults. An electronic search of PubMed, PsycInfo, Cochrane, and ScienceDirect was conducted to identify studies of the association between depression and anxiety separately and decline in cognitive state...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792083/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-vitamin-a-intake-serum-vitamin-a-and-risk-of-liver-cancer
#8
Nattawut Leelakanok, Ronilda R D'Cunha, Grerk Sutamtewagul, Marin L Schweizer
BACKGROUND: Previous evidence supports that vitamin A decreases the risk of several types of cancer. However, the association between vitamin A and liver cancer is inconclusive. AIM: This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the existing literature, discussing the association between vitamin A intake, serum vitamin A, and liver cancer in adult populations. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed by searching the EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus and International Pharmaceutical Abstract databases using terms related to vitamin A (e...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792061/diet-and-exercise-for-preeclampsia-prevention-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Argyro Syngelaki, Miguel Sequeira Campos, Stephanie Roberge, Walkyria Andrade, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of diet and/or exercise in overweight or obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examining the effect of diet and/or exercise interventions in overweight and obese pregnant women on the risk of preeclampsia (PE) and hypertensive disorders. We completed a literature search through PubMed, Embase, Cinahl, Web of science, Cochrane CENTRAL Library from their earliest entries to November 2017 and from references of other systematic reviews...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792050/risk-of-psychosis-in-recurrent-episodes-of-psychotic-and-nonpsychotic-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
J Craig Nelson, David Bickford, Kevin Delucchi, Jess G Fiedorowicz, William H Coryell
OBJECTIVE: The authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether the risk of psychosis is higher in past or future episodes in patients with major depression with psychotic features than in patients with nonpsychotic depression. METHOD: PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO were searched, and studies were selected that 1) identified patients with unipolar major depression, 2) made diagnoses of psychosis based on the presence of delusions or hallucinations, 3) characterized past or subsequent episodes as psychotic or nonpsychotic, and 4) were published in English...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791926/meniscus-repair-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-treatment-approaches-meniscal-healing-and-outcomes
#11
Márcio Balbinotti Ferrari, Colin P Murphy, João Luiz Ellera Gomes
Although the consequences of traumatic meniscus tears and the importance of meniscal repair are well-established in adults, the same cannot be said for the young population. Better evidence regarding the outcomes following traumatic meniscal tears in children would improve our understanding of this increasing pathology and help define important factors in deciding the best treatment option. A systematic review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines using the Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE Ovid, and MEDLINE PubMed databases...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791922/p2y12-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-adverse-clinical-events-in-patients-treated-with-clopidogrel-a-meta-analysis
#12
Kun Zhao, Ming Yang, Yanxia Lu, Shusen Sun, Wei Li, Xingang Li, Zhigang Zhao
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: Some studies have reported an association between P2Y12 gene polymorphisms and clopidogrel adverse outcomes with inconsistent results. We aimed to explore the relationship between P2Y12 polymorphisms and the risk of adverse clinical events in patients treated with clopidogrel through a meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library was conducted. Retrieved articles were comprehensively reviewed and eligible studies were included, and the relevant data was extracted for this meta-analysis...
May 23, 2018: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791661/effectiveness-and-safety-of-carbohydrate-counting-in-the-management-of-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Eliege Carolina Vaz, Gustavo José Martiniano Porfírio, Hélio Rubens de Carvalho Nunes, Vania Dos Santos Nunes-Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of carbohydrate counting (CHOC) in the treatment of adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomized studies that compared CHOC with general dietary advice in adult patients with DM1. The primary outcomes were changes in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), quality of life, and episodes of severe hypoglycemia. We searched the following electronic databases: Embase, PubMed, Lilacs, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
May 17, 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791593/efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Zhong-Rui Ma, Li-Jun Shi, Ming-Hong Deng
Insomnia is highly prevalent in children and adolescents. However, the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) in children and adolescents remains controversial. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of CBT-i in children and adolescents. We conducted a search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to select primary studies evaluating CBT-i in children and adolescents that were primarily diagnosed through standardized diagnostic criteria...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791272/are-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-associated-with-adolescent-deliberate-self-harm-a-meta-analysis
#15
Jessica A Heerde, Sheryl A Hemphill
OBJECTIVES: To appraise internationally published literature investigating bullying in its association with deliberate self-harm (DSH). METHODS: A systematic review and series of meta-analyses using random effects models were conducted. RESULTS: Sixty-eight effect sizes, analyzing data from 156,284 adolescents aged 11-19 years were examined. Results showed significant associations between both traditional bullying perpetration (OR 1.81, 95% CI [1...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791030/antiepileptic-drugs-as-prophylaxis-for-postcraniotomy-seizures
#16
REVIEW
Janette Greenhalgh, Jennifer Weston, Yenal Dundar, Sarah J Nevitt, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the Cochrane Review previously published in Issue 3, 2015.The incidence of seizures following supratentorial craniotomy for non-traumatic pathology has been estimated to be between 15% to 20%; however, the risk of experiencing a seizure appears to vary from 3% to 92% over a five-year period. Postoperative seizures can precipitate the development of epilepsy; seizures are most likely to occur within the first month of cranial surgery. The use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) administered pre- or postoperatively to prevent seizures following cranial surgery has been investigated in a number of randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
May 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790998/association-of-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-oral-cancer-a-systematic-global-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Smita Asthana, Satyanarayana Labani, Uma Kailash, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
Introduction: Smokeless tobacco products have been linked to precancerous and cancers of oral cavity for long. Evidence was available on the association between smokeless tobacco (SLT) products and oral cancers at regional but not at global level. Present meta-analysis is aimed to evaluate the risk of oral cancer with the use of SLT products among "ever" versus "never" users. Method: Studies published for the period (1960-2016) are retrieved using Pubmed, Indmed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar search engines for the subject "ever" versus "never" users of SLT products and estimated the risk association with oral cancer...
May 22, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790638/comparative-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-anti-diabetic-agents-for-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#18
Bing Cao, Joshua D Rosenblat, Elisa Brietzke, Caroline Park, Yena Lee, Natalie Musial, Zihang Pan, Rodrigo B Mansur, Roger S McIntyre
The current meta-analysis compares the efficacy (i.e., pro-cognitive effects) and acceptability of anti-diabetic agents for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Cochrane Library (CENTRAL), PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO were searched from inception to January 15, 2018 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing anti-diabetic agents with placebo and/or another active anti-diabetic agent for the treatment of AD or MCI. Nineteen eligible studies (n = 4,855) evaluating the effects of six different anti-diabetic drugs (i...
May 23, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790566/night-shift-work-and-breast-cancer-risk-what-do-the-meta-analyses-tell-us
#19
Manisha Pahwa, France Labrèche, Paul A Demers
Objectives This paper aims to compare results, assess the quality, and discuss the implications of recently published meta-analyses of night shift work and breast cancer risk. Methods A comprehensive search was conducted for meta-analyses published from 2007-2017 that included at least one pooled effect size (ES) for breast cancer associated with any night shift work exposure metric and were accompanied by a systematic literature review. Pooled ES from each meta-analysis were ascertained with a focus on ever/never exposure associations...
May 22, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789911/the-role-of-core-needle-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-initially-detected-thyroid-nodules-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Sae Rom Chung, Chong Hyun Suh, Jung Hwan Baek, Young Jun Choi, Jeong Hyun Lee
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the published literature and evaluate the efficacy and safety of core needle biopsy (CNB) for initially detected thyroid nodules. METHODS: The Ovid-MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched for studies evaluating CNB for the diagnosis of initially detected thyroid nodules. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate non-diagnostic results, inconclusive results and diagnostic accuracy for a diagnosis of malignancy with CNB. To overcome heterogeneity, multiple subgroup analyses were performed...
May 22, 2018: European Radiology
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