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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353323/does-methylphenidate-improve-academic-performance-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Anne Fleur Kortekaas-Rijlaarsdam, Marjolein Luman, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Jaap Oosterlaan
Academic improvement is amongst the most common treatment targets when prescribing stimulants to children with ADHD. Previous reviews on stimulant-related academic improvements are inconclusive and focus on task engagement. Recent literature suggests outcome-domain-specific medication effects that are larger for productivity than for accuracy. The aims of this study are quantifying methylphenidate effects on academic productivity and accuracy for math, reading, spelling; exploring the mediating or moderating effects of symptom improvements, demographic-, design- and disorder-related variables...
January 20, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353283/association-between-dental-caries-and-bmi-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Dongru Chen, Qinghui Zhi, Yan Zhou, Ye Tao, Liping Wu, Huancai Lin
Research on the association between dental caries and body mass index (BMI) in children has shown contradictory results; thus we aimed to examine the association between dental caries and the full range of BMI classes among children. We comprehensively searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published prior to March 2017. Articles comparing dental caries among the full range of BMI classes for children below 18 years of both genders were included. Fourteen studies were eligible for this study...
January 20, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353233/cardiovascular-safety-long-term-noncardiovascular-safety-and-efficacy-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Xin-Lin Zhang, Qing-Qing Zhu, Yu-Han Chen, Xue-Ling Li, Fu Chen, Jian-An Huang, Biao Xu
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular and long-term noncardiovascular safety and efficacy of SGLT2 (sodium-glucose cotransporter 2) inhibitors have not been well documented. METHODS AND RESULTS: For cardiovascular outcomes, we performed a meta-analysis with trial sequential analysis of randomized controlled trials and adjusted observational studies, each with a minimum of 26 weeks and 2000 patient-years of follow-up. For long-term noncardiovascular safety and efficacy outcome analyses, we included only randomized controlled trials with at least 2 years and 1000 patient-years of follow-up...
January 20, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353098/the-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-statins-on-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-15-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
REVIEW
Guo-Min Li, Jie Zhao, Bing Li, Xiao-Fei Zhang, Jian-Xiong Ma, Xin-Long Ma, Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: Over the past several years, numerous studies investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of statin on patients with RA. However, the findings of the individual studies were often inconsistent or conflicting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library and CNKI literature databases were searched in order to identify randomized controlled clinical trials where the association between the anti-inflammatory effect of statin and RA was investigated...
January 15, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353031/uterine-preservation-versus-hysterectomy-in-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-clinical-practice-guidelines
#5
REVIEW
Kate V Meriwether, Danielle D Antosh, Cedric K Olivera, Shunaha Kim-Fine, Ethan M Balk, Miles Murphy, Cara L Grimes, Ambereen Sleemi, Ruchira Singh, Alexis A Dieter, Catrina C Crisp, David D Rahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352986/association-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-and-thromboembolic-events-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Kevin T Nead, Ninjin Boldbaatar, David D Yang, Sumi Sinha, Paul L Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer with thromboembolic events. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus were queried April 5, 2017 for systematic review. Additionally, The World Health Organization International Trials Registry Platform was queried June 23rd, 2017. Eligible studies reported thromboembolic events among individuals with prostate cancer exposed to ADT versus a lesser-exposed group...
January 15, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352539/income-inequality-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-and-a-scoping-review-of-mechanisms
#7
Vikram Patel, Jonathan K Burns, Monisha Dhingra, Leslie Tarver, Brandon A Kohrt, Crick Lund
Most countries have witnessed a dramatic increase of income inequality in the past three decades. This paper addresses the question of whether income inequality is associated with the population prevalence of depression and, if so, the potential mechanisms and pathways which may explain this association. Our systematic review included 26 studies, mostly from high-income countries. Nearly two-thirds of all studies and five out of six longitudinal studies reported a statistically significant positive relationship between income inequality and risk of depression; only one study reported a statistically significant negative relationship...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352297/correction-cardiovascular-effect-of-incretin-based-therapy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Je-Yon Kim, Seungwon Yang, Jangik I Lee, Min Jung Chang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153502.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352056/relationship-between-adverse-events-and-antiplatelet-drug-resistance-in-neurovascular-intervention-a-meta-analysis
#9
Eun Jung Shim, Chang-Woo Ryu, Soonchan Park, Han Na Lee, Hee Sup Shin, Sang-Beom Kim
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between antiplatelet resistance and the risk of procedure-related complications in neurovascular interventions. METHODS: We identified relevant articles by searching electronic databases and reviewed the reference lists of selected papers. The risk of adverse events between antiplatelet responders and hyporesponders during neurointervention was compared in eligible clinical studies. Risk ratios (RRs) and 95% CIs were pooled using a random-effects meta-analysis...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351760/glycaemic-control-targets-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Jeroen Hermanides, Mark P Plummer, Mark Finnis, Adam M Deane, Jonathan P Coles, David K Menon
BACKGROUND: Optimal glycaemic targets in traumatic brain injury (TBI) remain unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing intensive with conventional glycaemic control in TBI requiring admission to an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to November 2016. Outcomes of interest included ICU and in-hospital mortality, poor neurological outcome, the incidence of hypoglycaemia and infective complications...
January 19, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351716/effect-of-metformin-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Haiyang Meng, Ailing Zhang, Yan Liang, Jie Hao, Xiaojian Zhang, Jingli Lu
BACKGROUND: For T1D patients, adding metformin to insulin therapies is thought to improve blood glucose levels, but current evidence does not support this clinical benefit. Additional data from large clinical trials are now available; therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of studies on assessing the efficacy and adverse effects of metformin. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases for data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
January 19, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351648/transarterial-onyx-embolization-of-intracranial-dural-fistulas-a-prospective-cohort-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Udi Sadeh-Gonike, Nicolas Magand, Xavier Armoiry, Roberto Riva, Paul Emile Labeyrie, Bernadette Lamy, Anne-Claire Lukaszewicz, Jean-Jacques Lehot, Francis Turjman, Benjamin Gory
BACKGROUND: Onyx is important embolic material in the endovascular treatment of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). However, its impact on DAVF occlusion rates, morbidity, mortality, and complication rates is not fully examined. OBJECTIVE: To improve understanding of safety and effectiveness profiles associated with transarterial endovascular treatment using Onyx for intracranial DAVF. METHODS: We analyzed data from our prospective clinical registry and conducted a systematic review of all previous transarterial embolization studies using Onyx published between January 2005 and December 2015 in MEDLINE and EMBASE...
June 17, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351510/scapular-focused-interventions-to-improve-shoulder-pain-and-function-in-adults-with-subacromial-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Hiroki Saito, Meg E Harrold, Vinicius Cavalheri, Leanda McKenna
The relationship between subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) and altered scapular movement has been previously reported. The purpose of this review was to determine the effect of interventions that focus on addressing scapular components to improve shoulder pain, function, shoulder range of motion (ROM), and muscle strength in adults with SAPS. Databases searched in September 2016 were: PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials [Central], EMBASE [via Ovid] and PEDro. All studies selected for this review were randomized controlled trials...
January 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351270/is-mytomicyn-better-than-5-fluorouracil-as-antimetabolite-in-trabeculectomy-for-glaucoma
#14
Eduardo Pimentel, Jimena Schmidt
INTRODUCTION: Trabeculectomy is considered the standard for glaucoma surgery. Postoperative scarring is one the factors associated with surgery failure. Different antimetabolites have been used in order to reduce this risk, particularly 5-fluorouracil and mitomycin C. Although both are considered effective, it is not clear if they are different in terms of success of trabeculectomy and adverse effects. METHODS: To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others...
January 18, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351269/bipolar-or-monopolar-transurethral-resection-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#15
Gabriel Inzunza, Gabriel Rada, Alejandro Majerson
INTRODUCTION: Transurethral resection is currently considered as standard endoscopic treatment for lower urinary tract obstruction due to benign hyperplasia under 80 cc. Monopolar resection loops has been traditionally used but bipolar energy has recently displaced precedent technology. The purpose of this summary is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of both technologies. METHODS: To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others...
January 17, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351172/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-genetic-risk-factors-for-neuropathic-pain
#16
Abirami Veluchamy, Harry L Hébert, Weihua Meng, Colin N A Palmer, Blair H Smith
Neuropathic pain (NP) is an increasingly common chronic pain state and a major health burden, affecting approximately 7-10% of the general population. Emerging evidence suggests that genetic factors could partially explain individual susceptibility to NP and the estimated heritability in twins is 37%. The aim of this study was to systematically review and summarize the studies in humans that have investigated the influence of genetic factors associated with NP. We conducted a comprehensive literature search and performed meta-analyses of all the potential genetic variants associated with NP...
January 18, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351129/impact-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-exercise-tolerance-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Mansueto Gomes-Neto, Cassio Magalhães Silva, Diego Ezequiel, Cristiano Sena Conceição, Micheli Saquetto, Adelmir Souza Machado
BACKGROUND: Patients with pulmonary fibrosis are living longer and present with an increasing number of comorbidities over time. Pulmonary rehabilitation, as a nonpharmacological approach, may be promising in these patients, although there is limited information on the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise tolerance and quality of life. Thus, conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise tolerance and quality of life in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351095/the-effect-of-ketorolac-on-thoracolumbar-posterolateral-fusion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Jesse Li, Remi M Ajiboye, Michael H Orden, Akshay Sharma, Austin Drysch, Sina Pourtaheri
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of postoperative ketorolac administration (ie, dosage and duration of use) on pseudarthrosis following thoracolumbar posterolateral spinal fusions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Ketorolac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug often administered for pain control after spine surgery. The main concern with ketorolac is the risk of pseudarthrosis following fusion...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351023/does-talking-on-a-cell-phone-with-a-passenger-or-dialing-affect-driving-performance-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-experimental-studies
#19
Jeff K Caird, Sarah M Simmons, Katelyn Wiley, Kate A Johnston, William J Horrey
Objective An up-to-date meta-analysis of experimental research on talking and driving is needed to provide a comprehensive, empirical, and credible basis for policy, legislation, countermeasures, and future research. Background The effects of cell, mobile, and smart phone use on driving safety continues to be a contentious societal issue. Method All available studies that measured the effects of cell phone use on driving were identified through a variety of search methods and databases. A total of 93 studies containing 106 experiments met the inclusion criteria...
February 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350803/thrombectomy-outcomes-for-acute-stroke-patients-with-anterior-circulation-tandem-lesions-a-clinical-registry-and-an-update-of-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#20
Udi Sadeh-Gonik, Noam Tau, Tal Friehmann, Serge Bracard, René Anxionnat, Anne-Laure Derelle, Romain Tonnelet, Liang Lia, Sébastien Richard, Xavier Armoiry, Benjamin Gory
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although mechanical thrombectomy (MT) appears to be superior in stroke patients with extracranial carotid disease (ECD) compared to thrombolysis alone, the impact of emergent carotid stenting during MT remains unclear. We assessed the MT outcomes in anterior stroke patients with ECD, especially when combined with carotid stenting. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of our registry and conducted an update of a systematic review and meta-analysis of MT studies with or without stenting for anterior circulation stroke with ECD published between November 2010 and April 2017...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
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