keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Feeding tube

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524930/nutrition-support-in-hospitalised-adults-at-nutritional-risk
#1
REVIEW
Joshua Feinberg, Emil Eik Nielsen, Steven Kwasi Korang, Kirstine Halberg Engell, Marie Skøtt Nielsen, Kang Zhang, Maria Didriksen, Lisbeth Lund, Niklas Lindahl, Sara Hallum, Ning Liang, Wenjing Xiong, Xuemei Yang, Pernille Brunsgaard, Alexandre Garioud, Sanam Safi, Jane Lindschou, Jens Kondrup, Christian Gluud, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of disease-related malnutrition in Western European hospitals is estimated to be about 30%. There is no consensus whether poor nutritional status causes poorer clinical outcome or if it is merely associated with it. The intention with all forms of nutrition support is to increase uptake of essential nutrients and improve clinical outcome. Previous reviews have shown conflicting results with regard to the effects of nutrition support. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of nutrition support versus no intervention, treatment as usual, or placebo in hospitalised adults at nutritional risk...
May 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521043/nutritional-evaluation-of-conventional-and-increased-protein-reduced-fiber-canola-meal-fed-to-broiler-chickens
#2
M Gorski, C Foran, P Utterback, C M Parsons
Experiments were conducted to evaluate conventional canola meal (Conv CM) and a new increased-protein reduced-fiber CM (Test CM). The Test CM contained higher levels of all digestible amino acids than the Conv CM as determined in 2 precision-fed rooster assays wherein Single Comb White Leghorn roosters were fasted for 24 h and then tube-fed 30 g of Conv CM or Test CM. Excreta were then quantitatively collected for 48 hours. All diets in 2 broiler experiments then were formulated to be equal in AMEn and digestible amino acids based on values from precision-fed rooster assays...
May 17, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511350/on-the-applicability-of-a-hybrid-bioreactor-operated-with-polymeric-tubing-for-the-biological-treatment-of-saline-wastewater
#3
M Concetta Tomei, Domenica Mosca Angelucci, Valentina Stazi, Andrew J Daugulis
Effective biological treatment of high salt content wastewater requires consideration of both salt and organic toxicity. This study treated a synthetic saline wastewater containing NaCl (100gL(-1)) and 2,4-dimethylphenol (1.2gL(-1)) with a hybrid system consisting of a biological reactor containing spiral-coiled polymeric tubing through which the mixed feed was pumped. The tubing wall was permeable to the organic contaminant, but not to the salt, which allowed transfer of the organic into the cell-containing bioreactor contents for degradation, while not exposing the cells to high salt concentrations...
May 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509623/gastrostomy-in-patients-with-prion-disease
#4
Yasushi Iwasaki, Keiko Mori, Masumi Ito, Yoshinari Kawai, Ken-Ichiro Hoshino, Yuko Kawabata, Maya Mimuro, Mari Yoshida
Patients with prion diseases can live for long periods of time in a state of akinetic mutism given appropriate management of their symptoms. To study symptom support in these cases, we performed gastrostomies on three patients with V180I genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) who had become akinetic and mute, and compared them to 14 other similar patients being fed by tube. In the three gastrostomy cases, there were no direct complications due to the gastrostomy or tube feeding, nor were there episodes of discontinuation of tube feeding or initiation of continuous drip infusion due to severe complications...
May 16, 2017: Prion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499713/long-term-outcomes-of-oesophageal-atresia-without-or-with-proximal-tracheooesophageal-fistula-gross-types-a-and-b
#5
A I Koivusalo, S J Sistonen, H G Lindahl, R J Rintala, M P Pakarinen
PURPOSE: Because of an extended gap between esophageal pouches a variety of methods are employed to treat oesophageal atresia (OA) without (type A) or with (type B) proximal tracheooesophageal fistula. This retrospective observational study describes their single centre long-term outcomes from 1947 to 2014. METHODS: Of 693 patients treated for OA 68 (9.7%) had type A (n=58, 8.3%) or B (n=10, 1.4%). Hospital records were reviewed. Main outcome measures were survival and oral intake...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499036/potential-of-a-northern-population-of-aedes-vexans-diptera-culicidae-to-transmit-zika-virus
#6
Kyle L O'Donnell, Mckenzie A Bixby, Kelsey J Morin, David S Bradley, Jefferson A Vaughan
Zika virus is an emerging arbovirus of humans in the western hemisphere. With its potential spread into new geographical areas, it is important to define the vector competence of native mosquito species. We tested the vector competency of Aedes vexans (Meigen) from the Lake Agassiz Plain of northwestern Minnesota and northeastern North Dakota. Aedes aegypti (L.) was used as a positive control for comparison. Mosquitoes were fed blood containing Zika virus and 2 wk later were tested for viral infection and dissemination...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498237/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-advanced-ovarian-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-interventions-trialed
#7
Kristina Lindemann, Peey-Sei Kok, Martin Stockler, Ken Jaaback, Alison Brand
OBJECTIVES: We sought to summarize the evidence for interventions aiming at enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in ovarian cancer through a systematic review. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library for studies testing ERAS interventions in patients undergoing surgery for ovarian cancer. Study selection and data extraction were done independently by 2 reviewers with disagreements resolved by discussion with a senior, third reviewer. RESULTS: We identified 25 studies including 1648 participants with ovarian cancer...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498058/endoscopic-endonasal-resection-of-the-odontoid-process-clinical-outcomes-in-34-adults
#8
Nathan T Zwagerman, Matthew J Tormenti, Zachary J Tempel, Eric W Wang, Carl H Snyderman, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda, Paul A Gardner
OBJECTIVE Treatment of odontoid disease from a ventral corridor has consisted of a transoral approach. More recently, the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) has been used to access odontoid pathology. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted of patients who underwent an EEA for odontoid pathology from 2004 to 2013. During our analysis, the mean follow-up duration was 42.6 months (range 1-80 months). Patient outcomes, complications, and postoperative swallowing function were assessed either by clinic visit or phone contact...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497666/serious-dysphagia-following-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-long-term-incidence-in-a-national-cohort
#9
Wu-Fu Chung, Shih-Wei Liu, Liang-Chung Huang, Hsuan-Kan Chang, Jau-Ching Wu, Li-Fu Chen, Yu-Chun Chen, Wen-Cheng Huang, Henrich Cheng, Su-Shun Lo
BACKGROUND: Although dysphagia is often self-limiting after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), its incidence, risks, and long-term outcomes remain unclear. The present study aimed to analyze dysphagia up to 5 years post-ACDF using a nation-scaled cohort. METHODS: Incidences of permanent dysphagia requiring nasogastric-tube feeding after ACDF were analyzed using three million-sample cohorts derived from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496536/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-a-patient-with-continuous-intrathecal-baclofen-infusion-therapy
#10
Ezekiel Wong Toh Yoon, Masuki Kobayashi
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the method of choice in patients requiring long-term enteral tube feeding. In patients with intrathecal baclofen infusion therapy (IBT) pump implantation, infection via the skin and soft tissue may be an issue of concern. The introducer technique for gastrostomy tube insertion may be useful in reducing the risk of peristomal infection. Although the presence of a PEG tube has been reported as a risk factor for implantation site infection (for newly inserted IBT pumps), whether existing IBT pumps are at risk for infection during or after the placement of a PEG tube is not clear...
April 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489671/closer-look-at-the-nutritional-outcomes-of-patients-after-primary-repair-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#11
Lan T Vu, Carrie McFarland, Barbara Bratton, Hanmin Lee
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that the patients after primary repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can have poor nutritional outcomes and plan to identify risk factors to further stratify these patients. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of patients who had primary repair of CDH between 2000 and 2014 and had follow-up at our institution. Z-scores (weight for age and weight for length) were calculated using the WHO and CDC growth standards. RESULTS: For the 67 patients in the cohort, the median age at the time of repair was 3 days (IQR 2-5) and at the time of discharge was 20...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487142/risk-factors-for-recurrent-pneumonia-in-post-irradiated-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#12
Jing-Jie Wang, Rong-San Jiang, Ting-Ting Yen, Kai-Li Liang
BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a common cancer in eastern Asia. Chemoradiotherapy is the main treatment modality for NPC. Dysphagia and aspiration is not uncommon in post-irradiated NPC patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for recurrent pneumonia and the prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted from January 2004 to December 2014. NPC patients who had been hospitalized for pneumonia in the study hospital were enrolled...
May 6, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484927/ethical-and-legal-considerations-in-the-management-of-an-unbefriended-patient-in-a-vegetative-state
#13
Alexandra Lloyd-Smith Sequeira, Ariane Lewis
BACKGROUND: Patients without surrogates are referred to as "unbefriended." Because these patients do not have representatives to assist with medical decision-making, patient autonomy and self-determination, fundamental concepts of American healthcare, are jeopardized. METHODS: We present a case of an unbefriended patient in a vegetative state and discuss the ethical and legal complications associated with management of unbefriended patients. RESULTS: An unbefriended patient was admitted to our hospital with a cardiac arrest in the setting of an intracerebral hemorrhage...
May 8, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484837/what-should-we-expect-from-robotic-surgery-for-second-primary-oropharyngeal-cancer
#14
Tuan-Jen Fang, Li-Ang Lee, Bing-Shan Huang, Chien-Yu Lin, Cheng-Lung Hsu, Joseph Tung-Chieh Chang, Tzu-Chen Yen, Chun-Ta Liao, Hui-Chen Chiang
The outcomes of second primary oropharyngeal cancer (SPOPC) may not be determined by oropharyngeal cancer but from the other index cancer as well. The management of (SPOPC) remains inconclusive and limited. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) to maximize the functional outcomes without reducing oncologic effect is suggested as the primary treatment for selected oropharyngeal cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and outcomes of TORS for the management of SPOPC. Patients who underwent TORS from January 2011 to June 2015 at a tertian referral center in Taiwan were recruited...
May 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479919/nasogastric-tube-feeding-induced-esophageal-bezoar-case-description
#15
Jad A Degheili, Mikhael G Sebaaly, Ali H Hallal
Background. Bezoars are well established entities causing gastrointestinal obstructions. Depending on the prominent constituent of these bezoars, the latter are divided into four subtypes: pharmacobezoars, lactobezoars, trichobezoars, and phytobezoars. Less frequently reported types of bezoars are reported including those formed secondary to nasogastric tube feeding with casein-based formulas. Case Presentation. A 69-year-old male presented following cardiac arrest postmyocardial infarction. Patient sustained anoxic brain injury after resuscitation, rendering him ventilator dependant along with nasogastric tube feeding, initially...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476546/infantile-gangliosidoses-mapping-a-timeline-of-clinical-changes
#16
Jeanine R Jarnes Utz, Sarah Kim, Kelly King, Richard Ziegler, Lynn Schema, Evelyn S Redtree, Chester B Whitley
BACKGROUND: Infantile gangliosidoses include GM1 gangliosidosis and GM2 gangliosidosis (Tay-Sachs disease, Sandhoff disease). To date, natural history studies in infantile GM2 (iGM2) have been retrospective and conducted through surveys. Compared to iGM2, there is even less natural history information available on infantile GM1 disease (iGM1). There are no approved treatments for infantile gangliosidoses. Substrate reduction therapy using miglustat has been tried, but is limited by gastrointestinal side effects...
April 29, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475746/feeding-catheter-gastrostomy-with-the-round-ligament-of-the-liver-prevents-mechanical-bowel-obstruction-after-esophagectomy
#17
R Kawai, T Abe, N Uemura, M Fukaya, T Saito, K Komori, Y Yokoyama, M Nagino, M Shinoda, Y Shimizu
Jejunostomy, which requires the fixation of the jejunum to the abdominal wall, is commonly used as an enteral feeding access after esophagectomy. However, this procedure sometimes causes severe complications, such as mechanical bowel obstruction. In 2009, we developed a modified approach to insert an enteral feeding tube through the reconstructed gastric tube using the round ligament of the liver. The aim of this study is to investigate the usefulness of this approach as compared to the approach through jejunostomy...
June 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474378/transoral-laser-microsurgery-for-treatment-for-hypopharyngeal-cancer-in-211-patients
#18
Bernhard G Weiss, Friedrich Ihler, Hendrik A Wolff, Simon Schneider, Martin Canis, Wolfgang Steiner, Christian Welz
BACKGROUND: The oncologic and functional outcome of transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for primary treatment of hypopharyngeal cancer was examined in a multimodal treatment concept. METHODS: Two hundred eleven patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the hypopharynx (pT1-4a, pN0-2, M0) were treated by TLM +/- neck dissection (88%) +/- (chemo)radiotherapy ([C]RT; 51%). The majority of cases were advanced stages III and IVa (85%). RESULTS: The 5-year Kaplan-Meier estimates for local control after TLM were pT category-related 88...
May 5, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473355/knotted-urethral-catheter-a-twist-in-the-tail
#19
Susan Jehangir, Dennis Darren David
Inadvertent knotting of infant feeding tubes used for clean intermittent catheterisation (CIC) is a rare complication in paediatric patients. The small flexible tubes used in infants if advanced too far into the bladder may form a knot as the bladder empties. Surgical intervention is required especially if it is lodged in the urethra. We present a case of a baby boy aged 4 months on CIC with a 6 Fr feeding tube, which required a meatotomy for removal. Education while instituting CIC must emphasise the length of catheter insertion, the chance of knotted catheter and steps to take if it occurs...
May 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473002/surrogate-prediction-of-quality-of-life-and-desire-for-treatment-a-guess-of-a-guess
#20
Scott Snyder, Halima Amjad
In conditions, such as dementia, stroke, or critical illness, clinicians often rely on substituted judgment through a surrogate to assist in medical decision making. Surrogates may face tough decisions regarding whether to pursue or forego surgery, tube feeding, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Surrogates often have little confidence in their decision (Majesko et al., 2012), though substituted judgment relies on the surrogate to determine the decision that the patient would have made. Prior studies suggest that surrogates predict patient preferences with only 68% accuracy (Shalowitz et al...
May 5, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
keyword
keyword
62663
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"