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Oncology nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145841/rehabilitation-for-cancer-patients-at-black-lion-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Teshager Worku, Zuriash Mengistu, Agumasie Semahegn, Gezahegn Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, there were greater than 2000 adult and 200 pediatric cancer patients annually in 2010, but the estimated number of cancer patients were increasing. Oncologic rehabilitation treatment may result in improved physical and mental impairment. There is a paucity of information about rehabilitation service utilization among cancer patients in Ethiopia. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the rehabilitation service for cancer patient and associated factors at Black Lion hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140483/integrative-whole-person-oncology-care-in-the-uk
#2
Catherine Zollman, Axel Walther, Helen E Seers, Rachel C Jolliffe, Marie J Polley
The term "whole-person cancer care"-an approach that addresses the needs of the person as well as treating the disease-is more widely understood in the United Kingdom than its synonym "integrative oncology." The National Health Service (NHS) provides free access to care for all, which makes it harder to prioritize NHS funding of whole-person medicine, where interventions may be multimodal and lacking in cost-effectiveness data. Despite this, around 30% of cancer patients are known to use some form of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133190/integrating-geriatric-assessment-in-the-first-line-chemotherapy-treatment-in-older-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-avaplus
#3
Lore Decoster, Cindy Kenis, Benedicte Naessens, Ghislain Houbier, Marc De Man, Guy Lambrecht, Els Monsaert, Veerle Moons, Philippe Vergauwe, Hans Prenen, Eric Van Cutsem, Hans Wildiers
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the use of chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab in older patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in current daily practice and to identify predictive parameters for treatment-related outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a Belgian multi-centre, observational cohort study. Patients≥70years old with mCRC considered suitable for first-line chemotherapy were eligible for inclusion. At baseline geriatric screening and assessment was performed...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130290/parent-patient-and-health-professional-perspectives-regarding-enteral-nutrition-in-paediatric-oncology
#4
Jennifer Cohen, Claire E Wakefield, Linda C Tapsell, Karen Walton, Richard J Cohn
AIM: Enteral tube feeding (ETF) is an important part of treatment for paediatric cancer patients. Without nutritional therapy, the prevalence of under-nutrition during treatment for childhood cancer may be as high as 50%. To ensure that the appropriate initiation of ETF is optimised, information on the views of key stakeholders regarding ETF is needed. METHODS: In total, 48 interviews were conducted with parents of paediatric cancer patients (n = 20), patients (n = 10) and members of the paediatric oncology health-care team (n = 18)...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130228/-valuation-and-prospect-of-function-preserving-gastrectomy
#5
Shuchang Wang, Site Yu, Jia Xu, Gang Zhao
Preserving gastric function and improving quality of life (QOL) is the tendency of surgery for early gastric cancer. Function preserving gastrectomy (FPG) is applied to modify the extent of surgery and to achieve better quality of life at the premise of radical resection. Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy is the most favorable approach of FPG with oncological safety, which can improve nutritional status and QOL via preserving pylorus and vagal nerve. Proximal gastrectomy is widely accepted as FPG for early upper 1/3 gastric cancer...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128297/role-of-geriatric-oncologists-in-optimizing-care-of-urological-oncology-patients
#6
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Helen Boyle, Gilles Albrand, Nicolas Mottet, Martine Puts
CONTEXT: Urological cancers are common. Since the median age of diagnosis is 60-70 yr, many patients require geriatric as well as urological evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual health status including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To review the most important features of geriatric assessment and its expected benefits. We also consider ways in which collaboration between urologists and geriatricians and geriatric teams can benefit patient well-being...
November 8, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128080/-crossed-perceptions-about-malnutrition-in-patients-and-their-doctors-in-oncology
#7
Bruno Raynard, Xavier Hébuterne, François Goldwasser, Ali Ait Hssain, Pascale Dubray Longeras, Philippe Barthélémy, Edoardo Rosso, Valérie Phoutthasang, Camille Bories, Laurence Digue, David Laharie, Jean-Claude Desport, Sabrina Falkowski, Jean Lacau Saint Guily, Emmanuel Gyan
Malnutrition is common in oncology. However, it is often detected too late and nutritional support is sub-optimal. The patient's opinion, although often sought in therapeutic decisions in oncology, does not appear to be frequently taken into account in dietetic management. In NutriCancer2012 study, we interviewed patients, relatives and doctors about their perceptions of the impact of malnutrition and its quality of care. Of the 2209 patients questioned, majority said they were concerned about nutrition with 75% considering it essential to take appropriate nutritional care but only 19% self-reported link between malnutrition and fatigue...
November 8, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127549/preservation-of-the-celiac-branch-of-the-vagal-nerve-for-pylorus-preserving-gastrectomy-is-it-meaningful
#8
Haruna Furukawa, Manabu Ohashi, Michitaka Honda, Koshi Kumagai, Souya Nunobe, Takeshi Sano, Naoki Hiki
BACKGROUND: Preserving the hepatic and pyloric branches of the vagal nerve in laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (LPPG) is considered necessary to maintain the function of the pyloric cuff. However, the clinical benefits of preservation of the celiac branch of the vagal nerve (CBVN) remain unclear. METHODS: Of 391 patients who underwent LPPG for early gastric cancer, 116 patients in whom the CBVN was preserved (CBP group) and 58 patients in whom it was not preserved (non-CBP group) were selected through the propensity score-matching method...
November 10, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108370/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-patients-at-first-medical-oncology-visit-the-premio-study
#9
Maurizio Muscaritoli, Simone Lucia, Alessio Farcomeni, Vito Lorusso, Valeria Saracino, Carlo Barone, Francesca Plastino, Stefania Gori, Roberto Magarotto, Giacomo Carteni, Bruno Chiurazzi, Ida Pavese, Luca Marchetti, Vittorina Zagonel, Eleonora Bergo, Giuseppe Tonini, Marco Imperatori, Carmelo Iacono, Luigi Maiorana, Carmine Pinto, Daniela Rubino, Luigi Cavanna, Roberto Di Cicilia, Teresa Gamucci, Silvia Quadrini, Salvatore Palazzo, Stefano Minardi, Marco Merlano, Giuseppe Colucci, Paolo Marchetti
Background: In cancer patients, malnutrition is associated with treatment toxicity, complications, reduced physical functioning, and decreased survival. The Prevalence of Malnutrition in Oncology (PreMiO) study identified malnutrition or its risk among cancer patients making their first medical oncology visit. Innovatively, oncologists, not nutritionists, evaluated the nutritional status of the patients in this study. Methods: PreMiO was a prospective, observational study conducted at 22 medical oncology centers across Italy...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106849/the-association-of-hypoalbuminemia-with-early-perioperative-outcomes-a-comprehensive-assessment-across-16-major-procedures
#10
Christian P Meyer, Arturo J Rios-Diaz, Deepansh Dalela, Praful Ravi, Akshay Sood, Julian Hanske, Felix K H Chun, Adam S Kibel, Stuart R Lipsitz, Maxine Sun, Quoc-Dien Trinh
BACKGROUND: Poor nutritional status is thought to influence peri- and postoperative outcomes. We assessed the association of hypoalbuminemia, a surrogate for poor nutritional status, with perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing one of 16 major surgical procedures. METHODS: Patients undergoing one of 16 major surgeries were identified using the ACS-NSQIP (2005-2011). Risk-adjusted logistic regression models examined the association of hypoalbuminemia on perioperative outcomes...
November 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095016/hospital-malnutrition-screening-at-admission-malnutrition-increases-mortality-and-length-of-stay
#11
Elisabet Leiva Badosa, Maria Badia Tahull, Núria Virgili Casas, Gema Elguezabal Sangrador, Concepción Faz Méndez, Ignacio Herrero Meseguer, Àngels Izquierdo González, Rafael López Urdiales, Francisco Javier Oca Burguete, María Tubau Molas, Concepció Vilarasau Farré, Josep Manel Llop Talaveron
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common in patients admitted to hospital and is associated with morbidity and mortality. We conducted a study to assess the prevalence of nutritional risk, risk factors associated and its consequences in a third-level hospital. METHODS: This is a prospective nutritional screening study of hospitalized patients evaluated within the first 72 hours of admission, by Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) and Short Nutritional Assessment Questionnaire (SNAQ) screening tests...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075673/healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-african-american-uterine-cancer-survivors-study-protocol
#12
Jessica Lynn Stewart, Gina B Besenyi, Lovoria B Williams, Victoria Burt, Judith C Anglin, Sharad A Ghamande, Steven Scott Coughlin
BACKGROUND: Cancer of the uterine corpus is the most common gynecologic malignancy and the fourth most common cancer in U.S. women. There is a racial disparity in the survival from endometrial cancer and this may be addressed by culturally-tailored lifestyle interventions to help African American (AA) endometrial cancer survivors lose weight or maintain a healthy weight. OBJECTIVE: The overall purpose of this pilot study is to develop and evaluate a culturally-tailored lifestyle intervention to help AA uterine cancer survivors reduce their risk of cancer recurrence and improve their quality of life through healthy eating, physical activity, and weight management...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043569/nutritional-support-and-parenteral-nutrition-in-cancer-patients-an-expert-consensus-report
#13
REVIEW
J A Virizuela, M Camblor-Álvarez, L M Luengo-Pérez, E Grande, J Álvarez-Hernández, M J Sendrós-Madroño, P Jiménez-Fonseca, M Cervera-Peris, M J Ocón-Bretón
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a frequent medical problem of cancer patients that negatively impacts their quality of life. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group of experts in Medical Oncology, Pharmacy, and Nutrition convened to discuss the management of the nutritional support in cancer patients. RESULTS: Of the 18 questions addressed, 9 focused on nutritional support, 5 were related to parenteral nutrition (PN) and 4 about home PN (HPN). The panel of experts recommends using nutritional screening routinely, at diagnosis and throughout the disease course, for detecting the risk of malnutrition and, if it is positive, to perform a complete nutritional assessment, to diagnose malnutrition...
October 17, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034253/risk-factors-for-adverse-outcome-for-elderly-patients-undergoing-curative-oncological-resection-for-gastrointestinal-malignancies
#14
REVIEW
Yukai K Lim, Christopher Jackson, Emilia L Dauway, Konrad Klaus Richter
BACKGROUND: The incidence of gastrointestinal cancer increases with age, with approximately 20% of these cases in people over 80 years of age. Due to pre-existing comorbidities, this onco-geriatric population often presents diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. METHODS: A systematic review of articles on PubMed was performed to determine the predictive ability of screening tools and their components regarding the occurrence of adverse outcomes in elderly onco-surgical patients with gastrointestinal malignancies...
August 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020483/efficacy-of-low-level-laser-therapy-as-an-auxiliary-tool-for-management-of-acute-side-effects-of-head-and-neck-radiotherapy
#15
Wilfredo Alejandro González-Arriagada, Lara Maria Alencar Ramos, Marco Aurélio Carvalho Andrade, Marcio Ajudarte Lopes
INTRODUCTION: Head and neck radiotherapy (HNRT) is associated with acute and chronic side effects, some of which result in great morbidity. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an oral care tool for the management of these effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical information was collected from 216 patients undergoing HNRT; these individuals were divided into a control group without laser therapy (n = 108), and a laser group (n = 108)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019951/chemotherapy-related-toxicity-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-precachectic-oncologic-patients-with-or-without-high-protein-nutritional-support-a-prospective-randomized-study
#16
Monika Ziętarska, Joanna Krawczyk-Lipiec, Leszek Kraj, Renata Zaucha, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
BACKGROUND: Cancer disease is usually associated with impaired nutritional status, which is one of the factors contributing to deterioration of the results of surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether nutritional support with high protein (ONS) in adult oncologic patients in the first step of cancer cachexia-asymptomatic precachexia, has an influence on the toxicity of systemic therapy. However, secondary endpoints were established: to determine whether high protein ONS influences the nutritional status, the quality of life, and the performance status...
October 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993227/adverse-glycaemic-effects-of-cancer-therapy-indications-for-a-rational-approach-to-cancer-patients-with-diabetes
#17
REVIEW
Marco Gallo, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Francesco Felicetti, Antongiulio Faggiano, Francesco Trimarchi, Emanuela Arvat, Riccardo Vigneri, Annamaria Colao
Diabetes and cancer are common, chronic, and potentially fatal diseases that frequently co-exist. Observational studies have reported an increased risk of cancer in patients with diabetes. Furthermore, many patients with cancer already have diabetes, or develop hyperglycemia as a consequence of the tumor or of cancer therapies, and coexisting diabetes confers a greater risk of mortality for many malignancies. Managing oncologic patients with diabetes is often complicated, since the co-existence of diabetes and cancer poses several complex clinical questions: what level of glycemic control to achieve, which therapy to use, how to deal with glucocorticoid therapies and artificial nutrition, how diabetes complications can affect cancer management, which drug-drug interactions should be taken into account, or even how to manage diabetes at the end of life...
October 6, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971292/using-geriatric-assessment-strategies-to-lead-end-of-life-care-discussions
#18
REVIEW
Ashley Baronner, Amy MacKenzie
End-of-life discussions with geriatric oncology patients are a vital part of the comprehensive care of the senior adult patient. Developing a roadmap for these conversations can be challenging. Patients and caregivers may have expectations that are not concordant with what is reasonably achievable if the patient is frail. Measuring baseline cognition, nutritional status, and physical function and discussing goals of care are all essential pieces of information that can be obtained through a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)...
October 2, 2017: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963638/widening-access-developing-an-elearning-resource-for-health-and-social-care-professionals-caring-for-children-and-young-people-with-cancer
#19
Wendy McInally, Maria J Pouso Lista, Natalia McLaren, Diane S Willis
Cancer is a key priority worldwide, and caring for children and young people with cancer requires a range of specific knowledge, skills and experience in order to deliver the complex care regimes both within the hospital or community environment. The aim of this paper is to disseminate work undertaken to design and develop pedagogical practice and innovation through an eLearning resource for health care professionals caring for children and young people with cancer across the globe. The work undertaken evaluated an existing cancer course (which has been withdrawn) that was developed and delivered through the Paediatric Oncology Nurses Forum, Royal College Nursing (Nurse Educators) and Warwick University...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960796/microbiological-profile-and-nutritional-quality-of-a-regular-diet-compared-to-a-neutropenic-diet-in-a-pediatric-oncology-unit
#20
Juliana Elert Maia, Luciane Beitler da Cruz, Lauro José Gregianin
It has been hypothesized that a neutropenic diet has lower microbe content. Here, the microbiological and nutritional contents of regular and neutropenic diets offered to pediatric patients were analyzed. Microbiological contamination was detected in five of 36 of the food samples analyzed, yet there was no statistical differences between the diets (P = 1.00) or in their odds ratio (0.62) (95% CI = 0.05-6.35; P = 0.63). The strict neutropenic diet did have less fiber (P = 0.05) and vitamin C (P = 0...
September 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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