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Oncology nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105334/chronic-kidney-disease-in-children-and-the-role-of-epigenetics-future-therapeutic-trajectories
#1
Samuel N Uwaezuoke, Henrietta U Okafor, Vivian N Muoneke, Odutola I Odetunde, Chioma L Odimegwu
Global differences in the observed causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children are well documented and are attributed to dissimilarities in clime, race, hereditary, and ancestry. Thus, familial clustering and disparities in CKD prevalence rates across ethnic and racial groups indicate that the progression of renal disease has a strong genetic component. Mammalian studies have demonstrated a feasible nexus between nutrition and non-genetic exposure (around the time of conception and in epigenetic changes) in the expression of major genes identified in renal organogenesis...
December 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089304/management-of-prostate-cancer-in-elderly-patients-recommendations-of-a-task-force-of-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology
#2
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Gilles Albrand, Silke Gillessen, Simon Hughes, Nicolas Mottet, Stéphane Oudard, Heather Payne, Martine Puts, Gilbert Zulian, Lodovico Balducci, Matti Aapro
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer is the most frequent male cancer. Since the median age of diagnosis is 66 yr, many patients require both geriatric and urologic evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual circumstances including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To update the 2014 International Society of Geriatric Oncology (SIOG) guidelines on prostate cancer in men aged >70 yr. The update includes new material on health status evaluation and the treatment of localised, advanced, and castrate-resistant disease...
January 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071610/importance-of-nutrition-in-pediatric-oncology
#3
EDITORIAL
R Bhoite
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062328/optimal-nutrition-and-hydration-through-the-surgical-treatment-trajectory
#4
REVIEW
Carol DeNysschen, Mary E Platek, Drew Hemler, Nell Aronoff, Michelle L Zafron
OBJECTIVES: To review oncology nurses role of informational continuity in regards to nutrition and hydration to ensure continuity of care from one care center to another. DATA SOURCES: Peer-reviewed literature, PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, and web-based resources. CONCLUSION: Optimal nutrition and hydration during cancer treatment and survivorship requires assessment and preplanning of needs. Oncology nurses play a vital role in preparing patients and caregivers for optimal nutrition during the surgical treatment trajectory...
January 4, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049261/nutrition-assessment-and-its-relationship-with-performance-and-glasgow-prognostic-scores-in-vietnamese-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#5
Tran Chau Quyen, Jongjit Angkatavanich, Tran Van Thuan, Vo Van Xuan, Le Danh Tuyen, Do Anh Tu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the nutritional status of patients with esophageal cancer, and to investigate its relationship with performance status and prognosis. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This clinical, cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to February 2015 at National Cancer Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam. Stage III/IV esophageal cancer patients were assessed for their nutritional status (patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and SGA scores, BMI, mid-arm circumference (MAC), energy and protein intakes, weight changes, Karnofsky and Eastern cooperative oncology group performance scores (KPS/ECOG), and Glasgow prognostic score (GPS)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034356/improving-cancer-care-for-children-in-the-developing-world-challenges-and-strategies
#6
Zakiya Al Lamki
Cancer is a global health problem particularly in developing countries where the burden of cancer is ever increasing and claiming the lives of about 100,000 children under the age of 15 years every year. Majority of these occur in the Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) where 90% of world children live. Contributing factors to this trend is the reduction of communicable diseases and emergence of new infections, improvement of nutrition and socio-economic conditions, industrialization and urbanization. However, due to its complexity, childhood cancer is given the least priority by the governments' funding...
December 30, 2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025528/elevated-plasma-vitamin-b12-concentrations-are-independent-predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-adult-patients-at-nutritional-risk
#7
Silvia Cappello, Emanuele Cereda, Mariangela Rondanelli, Catherine Klersy, Barbara Cameletti, Riccardo Albertini, Daniela Magno, Marilisa Caraccia, Annalisa Turri, Riccardo Caccialanza
Background: Elevated plasma vitamin B12 concentrations were identified as predictors of mortality in patients with oncologic, hepatic and renal diseases, and in elderly and critically ill medical patients. The association between vitamin B12 concentrations and in-hospital mortality in adult patients at nutritional risk has not been assessed. Methods: In this five-year prospective study, we investigated whether high vitamin B12 concentrations (>1000 pg/mL) are associated with in-hospital mortality in 1373 not-bed-ridden adult patients at nutritional risk (Nutrition Risk Index <97...
December 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007295/-obesity-and-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Hélène Salaün, Juliette Thariat, Marina Vignot, Yacine Merrouche, Stéphane Vignot
The proportion of people affected by obesity is increasing and this finding emphasizes several issues in oncology: obesity as a risk factor for cancer, prognostic value of obesity in cancer patients, nutritional assessment in overweight patients and impact of obesity on treatment management. It is important to remember the common underevaluation of malnutrition in overweight or obese patients. Every caregiver must be especially careful about the management of comorbidities in these patients.
December 19, 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993414/benefits-of-early-specialized-nutritional-support-in-malnourished-patients
#9
Jesús Manuel Morán López, Belén Beneítez Moralejo, María Piedra León, Fidel Jesús Enciso Izquierdo, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, José Antonio Amado Señaris
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Disease related malnutrition (DRM) is highly prevalent in Spain, affecting 23% of in-hospital patients, and is associated with clinical complications. Specialized nutritional support (SNS) can reduce these complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study carried out in standard clinical practice conditions to test if SNS during the first 5 days of hospitalization, or subsequently, was associated to a lower length of stay or reduced complications in patients with a NRS-2002 score≥3 points...
December 16, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932030/a-clinically-applicable-muscular-index-predicts-long-term-survival-in-resectable-pancreatic-cancer
#10
Daniel Delitto, Sarah M Judge, Thomas J George, George A Sarosi, Ryan M Thomas, Kevin E Behrns, Steven J Hughes, Andrew R Judge, Jose G Trevino
BACKGROUND: The relationship between myopenia, nutritional status, and long-term oncologic outcomes remains poorly characterized in patients with clinically resectable pancreatic cancer. We sought to reliably quantify prognostic indicators of preoperative cachexia in a manner applicable to any clinical setting. METHODS: Preoperative computed tomographies were available electronically and suitable for analysis in 73 of 82 consecutive patients with pancreatic cancer undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy between November 2010 and February 2014...
December 5, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927660/effect-of-prehabilitation-in-gastro-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma-study-protocol-of-a-multicentric-randomised-control-trial-the-prehab-study
#11
Bertrand Le Roy, Bruno Pereira, Corinne Bouteloup, Frédéric Costes, Ruddy Richard, Marie Selvy, Caroline Pétorin, Johan Gagnière, Emmanuel Futier, Karem Slim, Bernard Meunier, Jean-Yves Mabrut, Christophe Mariette, Denis Pezet
INTRODUCTION: Perioperative chemotherapy is the gold standard treatment of the resectable gastro-oesophageal adenocarcinoma. However, 70% of patients cannot receive the complete sequence because of a postoperative complication or a decrease in functional and nutritional reserves. Recently, a new concept appeared in digestive surgery: prehabilitation. This interventional process consists of patient preparation, between surgical consultation and surgery, and is based on 3 components: (1) physical management, (2) nutritional care and (3) psychological care...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925046/longitudinal-assessment-of-nutritional-risk-in-patients-under-chemo-or-radiotherapy
#12
Isabelle Mastelaro, Mariana Pietrobom Pupin, Sofia Miranda de Figueiredo Ribeiro, Harley Francisco de Oliveira, Fernanda Maris Peria, Selma Freire de Carvalho da Cunha
Objective: To compare nutritional risk in adult patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiotherapy in the beginning, middle, and end of oncologic treatment. Method: This prospective, comparative study included 83 adult patients, 44 undergoing chemotherapy (CT group) and 39 undergoing radiotherapy (RT group) at an oncology treatment center. Nutritional risk was determined by NRS-2002 in the beginning, middle, and end of therapy. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistica 8...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913000/surgical-prehabilitation-in-patients-with-cancer-state-of-the-science-and-recommendations-for-future-research-from-a-panel-of-subject-matter-experts
#13
REVIEW
Francesco Carli, Julie K Silver, Liane S Feldman, Andrea McKee, Sean Gilman, Chelsia Gillis, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Ann Gamsa, Nicole Stout, Bradford Hirsch
This review by a 10-member panel of experts in surgical prehabilitation addresses processes that may improve oncologic care. Surgical prehabilitation is the process on the continuum of care that occurs between the time of cancer diagnosis and the beginning of surgical treatment. The panel focused on the current state-of-the-science and recommended future research that would help to identify the elements that enhance preoperative physical, nutritional, and psychological health in anticipation of surgery, mitigate the burden of disease, facilitate the return of patient health status to baseline values, decrease postoperative morbidity, and reduce health care costs...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901038/burden-assessment-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-home-artificial-nutrition-a-need-and-a-challenge
#14
R Villar-Taibo, M A Martínez-Olmos, D Bellido-Guerrero, A Calleja-Fernández, R Peinó-García, A Martís-Sueiro, E Camarero-González, V Ríos-Barreiro, P Cao-Sánchez, R Durán-Martínez, M-J Rodríguez-Iglesias, B Rodríguez-Blanco, J Rojo-Valdés
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Caregiving can be a stressful task with severe consequences on caregivers' health. Our aim was to evaluate the profile and the burden of caregivers of patients with home artificial nutrition (HAN) in our area. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study of patients who had started HAN over a period of a year (n=573) and their home caregivers (n=103). Epidemiological characteristics of the patients and the type of HAN were registered...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890293/avian-oncology-diseases-diagnostics-and-therapeutics
#15
REVIEW
Cecilia S Robat, Melanie Ammersbach, Christoph Mans
Companion birds are increasingly living longer due to improved husbandry, nutrition, and veterinary care. As a consequence, a growing number of geriatric disease conditions are diagnosed and managed by veterinarians. Awareness of bird owners of diagnostic and treatment options for neoplastic diseases in humans and domestic animals has led to increasing demand to provide advanced diagnostic and treatment modalities for companion birds diagnosed with neoplasia. Treatment remains challenging in many companion birds due to the lack of information regarding prognosis and efficacy of antineoplastic treatments in these species...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889271/assessment-of-perioperative-nutrition-practices-and-attitudes-a-national-survey-of-colorectal-and-gi-surgical-oncology-programs
#16
J D Williams, Paul E Wischmeyer
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based peri-operative nutrition in the U.S. is poorly described and hypothesized to be suboptimal. This study broadly describes practices and attitudes regarding nutrition screening/intervention in U.S. gastrointestinal and oncologic surgeons. METHODS: Nationwide nutritional practice survey of GI/Oncologic surgical faculty. RESULTS: Program response rates were 57% and 81% for colorectal and oncology fellowships, respectively...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864163/developing-a-web-based-weight-management-program-for-childhood-cancer-survivors-rationale-and-methods
#17
Fang Fang Zhang, Susan Meagher, Michael Scheurer, Sara Folta, Emily Finnan, Kerry Criss, Christina Economos, ZoAnn Dreyer, Michael Kelly
BACKGROUND: Due to advances in the field of oncology, survival rates for children with cancer have improved significantly. However, these childhood cancer survivors are at a higher risk for obesity and cardiovascular diseases and for developing these conditions at an earlier age. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we describe the rationale, conceptual framework, development process, novel components, and delivery plan of a behavioral intervention program for preventing unhealthy weight gain in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827912/chemopreventive-agents-and-inhibitors-of-cancer-hallmarks-may-citrus-offer-new-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Santa Cirmi, Nadia Ferlazzo, Giovanni E Lombardo, Alessandro Maugeri, Gioacchino Calapai, Sebastiano Gangemi, Michele Navarra
Fruits and vegetables have long been recognized as potentially important in the prevention of cancer risk. Thus, scientific interest in nutrition and cancer has grown over time, as shown by increasing number of experimental studies about the relationship between diet and cancer development. This review attempts to provide an insight into the anti-cancer effects of Citrus fruits, with a focus on their bioactive compounds, elucidating the main cellular and molecular mechanisms through which they may protect against cancer...
November 4, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803007/management-of-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-cll-in-the-elderly-a-position-paper-from-an-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology-siog-task-force
#19
R Stauder, B Eichhorst, M E Hamaker, K Kaplanov, V A Morrison, A Österborg, I Poddubnaya, J A Woyach, T Shanafelt, L Smolej, L Ysebaert, V Goede
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) mainly affects older people: the median age at diagnosis is > 70 years. Elderly patients with CLL are heterogeneous with regard both to the biology of their disease and aging. Following the diagnosis of CLL in an elderly individual, careful risk assessment is essential when treatment options are evaluated. This includes not only clinical staging and evaluation of disease-specific prognostic biomarkers such as 17p deletion and TP53 mutation, but also of comorbidities, physical capacity, nutritional status, cognitive capacity, ability to perform activities of daily living and social support...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793524/use-of-routinely-available-clinical-nutritional-and-functional-criteria-to-classify-cachexia-in-advanced-cancer-patients
#20
Antonio A L Vigano, José A Morais, Lorella Ciutto, Leonard Rosenthall, Jonathan di Tomasso, Sarah Khan, Henry Olders, Manuel Borod, Robert D Kilgour
BACKGROUND: Cachexia is a highly prevalent syndrome in cancer and chronic diseases. However, due to the heterogeneous features of cancer cachexia, its identification and classification challenge clinical practitioners. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical relevance of a cancer cachexia classification system in advanced cancer patients. DESIGN: Beginning with the four-stage classification system proposed for cachexia [non-cachexia (NCa), pre-cachexia (PCa), cachexia (Ca) and refractory cachexia (RCa)], we assigned patients to these cachexia stages according to five classification criteria available in clinical practice: 1) biochemistry (high C-reactive protein or leukocytes, or hypoalbuminemia, or anemia), 2) food intake (normal/decreased), weight loss: 3) moderate (≤5%) or 4) significant (>5%/past six months) and 5) performance status (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status ≥ 3)...
September 20, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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