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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145979/current-ultrasound-application-in-the-foot-and-ankle
#1
REVIEW
Nahum Michael Beard, Robert Patrick Gousse
This article is a comprehensive review of the current utilizations of ultrasound in the treatment of orthopedic conditions of the foot and ankle. It reviews the diagnostic and interventional applications to commonly encountered lower-extremity ailments, including plantar fasciosis, tendinosis, and peripheral nerve disorders. It also outlines minimally invasive ultrasound-guided procedures and emerging therapies as alternatives to current treatments. These emerging therapies can be used to assist surgeons and provide options for patients needing intervention...
January 2018: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124975/ulnar-artery-pseudoaneurysm-and-compartment-syndrome-formation-after-snake-bite-to-the-left-forearm
#2
Lan Pin, Xie Lutao, Fang Weijun, Pan Feng, Chen Chaohui, Wu Jianrong
OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of a patient who developed pseudoaneurysms and compartment syndrome after a Deinagkistrodon acutus snakebite. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old man, bitten by Deinagkistrodon acutus in his left forearm, came to the hospital eight hours after the bite. Despite the use of antivenom and supportive therapy, the patient developed compartment syndrome of the left forearm, the tissue pressure was elevated and fasciotomy was arranged. During the initial surgery, part of the necrotic tissues was removed...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117829/chronic-compartment-syndrome-of-the-mobile-wad-a-case-report
#3
Yukio Abe, Kenzo Fujii
A case of chronic compartment syndrome of the mobile wad in a 15-year-old female amateur tennis player is described. She presented with a 7-month history of radial forearm pain and tenderness with mild swelling, and was unable to swing the tennis racket. MRI showed high intensity within the brachioradialis muscle. Endoscopic fasciotomy showed degeneration of the brachioradialis muscle belly. Complete pain relief was obtained 4 months after the fasciotomy.
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103246/dupuytren-s-contracture-current-treatment-methods
#4
REVIEW
Guy Feldman, Nimrod Rozen, Guy Rubin
Dupuytren's disease is a common benign fibromatosis of the palmar and digital fascia. The exact pathophysiology and epidemiology of this condition have not been entirely identified. Pathologic fibrous bands cause a flexion contracture of the metacarpal phalangeal joints and proximal interphalangeal joint. Treatment includes fasciectomy, needle fasciotomy, and enzymatic fasciectomy.
October 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102285/the-importance-of-surgical-maneuvers-during-treatment-of-frontal-migraines-site-i-a-prospective-randomized-cohort-study-evaluating-foraminotomy-fasciotomy-myectomy-and-arterectomy
#5
James R Gatherwright, Yuewei Wu-Fienberg, Bahman Guyuron
BACKGROUND: The current prospective, blinded, randomized cohort study aims to delineate the relative contribution of different surgical treatments for frontal migraines. METHODS: Patients undergoing migraine surgery in the frontal region (site I) were prospectively enrolled and blindly randomized into one of the following four groups: (1) myectomy alone, (2) myectomy and foraminotomy/fasciotomy, (3) myectomy and arterectomy, and (4) foraminotomy/fasciotomy alone...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082050/a-case-of-rituximab-induced-necrotizing-fasciitis-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Abdullateef Abdulkareem, Ryan S D'Souza, Oluwaseun Shogbesan, Anthony Donato
Necrotizing fasciitis is a fulminant soft tissue infection characterized by rapid progression and high mortality. Rituximab is a generally well-tolerated immunosuppresive medication used for B-cell malignancies and some rheumatological disorders. We report a case of a 69-year-old male with chronic lymphocytic leukemia who suffered necrotizing fasciitis of his left lower extremity secondary to Clostridium septicum 7 weeks after treatment with rituximab. Despite immediate intravenous antimicrobial therapy and emergent fasciotomy with extensive debridement, his hospital course was complicated by septic shock and he required an above-the-knee amputation...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053544/the-correlation-between-the-ota-ao-classification-system-and-compartment-syndrome-in-both-bone-forearm-fractures
#7
Thomas S Auld, John S Hwang, Nicholas Stekas, Peter D Gibson, Michael S Sirkin, Mark C Reilly, Mark R Adams
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of using the Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA/AO) classification for both bone forearm fractures in predicting compartment syndrome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Level 1 Academic Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-one patients 18 years of age and older, with both bone forearm fractures diagnosed from 2001 to 2016 were categorized based on the OTA/AO classification...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039127/dermotaxis-v-s-loop-suture-technique-for-closure-of-fasciotomy-wounds-a-study-of-50-cases
#8
Naveen Mittal, Robin Bohat, Jagandeep Singh Virk, Payal Mittal
Fasciotomy incisions lead to large, unsightly, chronic wounds after surgical intervention. Classic management was to use split-thickness skin grafts, but this leads to insensate skin with reports that as many as 23% of patients are dissatisfied by the appearance of the wound. Since no skin loss has occurred with the fasciotomy incision, utilizing the dermal properties of creep, stress relaxation and load cycling, closure can be achieved in a better way. We describe using dermotaxis for skin edge approximation that is done using inexpensive equipment available readily in any standard operating room...
October 16, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037359/thigh-compartment-syndrome-during-extracorporeal-life-support
#9
Maximilian Kreibich, Martin Czerny, Christoph Benk, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Bartosz Rylski, Georg Trummer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report our experience with patients on the extracorporeal life support system (ECLS) who presented with thigh compartment syndrome, a yet unreported complication. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed from April 2003 to April 2017 to identify patients who presented to our department for treatment of acute compartment syndrome of the thigh after cannulation of the ECLS through the femoral artery and vein. RESULTS: Five patients, aged 30 to 84 years, who developed thigh compartment syndrome during ECLS therapy were identified...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035986/long-term-outcome-of-mini-open-surgical-decompression-for-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-of-the-forearm-in-professional-motorcycling-riders
#10
Giorgio Gondolini, Paolo Schiavi, Francesco Pogliacomi, Francesco Ceccarelli, Tommaso Antonetti, Michele Zasa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate results of mini-open fasciotomy (MOF) in high-level motorcycling or motocross riders with chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) at long-term follow-up (minimum 5 years). DESIGN: Case series. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV. SETTING: University Hospital/Private Practice. PATIENTS: Fifty-four professional motorcycling riders treated with MOF for a CECS of the forearm from January 2006 to June 2011...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025282/clinical-outcomes-following-an-open-gastrocnemius-recession-combined-with-an-endoscopic-plantar-fasciotomy
#11
Jennifer L Mulhern, Nicole M Protzman, N Jake Summers, Stephen A Brigido
At present, there is a paucity of literature describing the clinical outcomes following a combined gastrocnemius recession and endoscopic plantar fasciotomy. The purpose of the present report is to describe our preliminary findings following a combined gastrocnemius recession and endoscopic plantar fasciotomy for the treatment of plantar fasciitis and gastrocnemius equinus recalcitrant to conservative therapy. Twenty-five consecutive ankles in 23 patients (age 51.2 ± 12.5 years, 4 men) met the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
October 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022786/necrotising-fasciitis-of-the-left-leg-caused-by-perforated-caecal-adenocarcinoma
#12
S Pouriki, M Skalistir, C Zoumpouli, N Alexakis
An 82-year-old man presented with abdominal pain and a painful and swollen left thigh. On examination there was oedema, tenderness and crepitus with skin discoloration of the left thigh. Computed tomography showed retroperitoneal perforation of the caecum and necrotising fasciitis of the left thigh. A right hemicolectomy and repeated fasciotomies of the left thigh with debridement of necrotic tissue were performed but the patient died of multi-organ failure. Histology showed a pT4aN2c caecal adenocarcinoma...
September 15, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021730/case-report-of-a-high-voltage-electrical-injury-and-review-of-the-indications-for-early-fasciotomy-in-limb-salvage-of-an-electrically-injured-limb
#13
T J Huei, S J Mohd Yussof, H T C Lip, I Salina
Electrical injuries make up a relatively small portion of burn injuries. Safety measures in place on domestic electricity supply have reduced the occurrence of high voltage electrical injuries. We present the case of a young man who sustained a high voltage electrical injury on all four limbs. Early fasciotomy was performed on both his hands and forearms. Despite early compartment release, the left upper limb deteriorated and required amputation. In this article we discuss the indications, outcomes and complications of early fasciotomy...
June 30, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018173/a-pilot-study-of-surgical-telementoring-for-leg-fasciotomy
#14
Max Talbot, E J Harvey, G K Berry, R Reindl, H Tien, D J Stinner, G Slobogean
INTRODUCTION: Acute extremity compartment syndrome requires rapid decompression. In remote locations, distance, weather and logistics may delay the evacuation of patients with extremity trauma beyond the desired timeline for compartment release. The aim of this study was to establish the feasibility of performing telementored surgery for leg compartment release and to identify methodological issues relevant for future research. METHODS: Three anaethetists and one critical care physician were recruited as operators...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969851/lower-amputation-rate-after-fasciotomy-by-straight-midline-incision-technique-for-a-22-900-v-electrical-injury-to-the-upper-extremities
#15
Young-Soo Jang, Byung Hoon Lee, Hyun-Soo Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the major amputation rate following two different fasciotomy techniques, conventional versus straight midline, in patients with high-voltage arc burn injury by electric currents of 22,900V to the upper extremities. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 230 patients (270 burned upper limbs) who underwent fasciotomy after high-voltage electrical injuries between 1996 and 2007 was performed. The patients were divided into two groups according to the fasciotomy method used...
September 28, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958275/heroin-related-compartment-syndrome-an-increasing-problem-for-acute-care-surgeons
#16
Matthew Benns, Keith Miller, Brian Harbrecht, Matthew Bozeman, Nicholas Nash
Heroin use has been increasing in the United States with the rate of heroin overdose nearly quadrupling in the last 10 years. Heroin overdose can occasionally lead to compartment syndrome (CS) because of extended periods of immobility and pressure tissue injury. Heroin-related compartment syndrome (HRCS) has previously been described, but has been limited to isolated case reports. We sought to examine our experience with HRCS in the climate of rising rates of heroin use among the general population. Medical records of all patients undergoing operative decompression for a CS at our academic medical center over a six-year period (2010-2015) were examined...
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952402/evaluation-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-a-review-of-current-literature
#17
Sravya Vajapey, Timothy L Miller
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a rare condition that usually affects distance runners and other running athletes. It is characterized by pain and pressure in one or multiple muscle compartments with repetitive physical activity. Reduction in pain typically occurs with cessation of activity. Evaluation of CECS consists of a thorough history of patient symptoms and ruling out of other causes of symptoms. Post-exercise pressure measurements can help confirm the diagnosis when symptoms are consistent and imaging evaluation negative for other causes...
October 3, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920526/iatrogenic-injury-to-the-motor-branch-of-the-median-nerve-during-percutaneous-needle-fasciotomy
#18
Christopher Jones, Daniel Widdowson, Dominique M Davidson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917432/complications-after-treating-dupuytren-s-disease-a-systematic-literature-review
#19
C Krefter, M Marks, S Hensler, D B Herren, M Calcagni
The objective of this study was to review the incidence of complications associated with different treatment options for patients with Dupuytren's disease. In a systematic literature review, the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and Scopus databases were searched for clinical studies reporting complications after collagenase treatment, percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF), fasciectomy and dermofasciectomy. The incidence of complications was extracted from each study and stratified by procedure. From a total of 2251 references, 113 studies were analyzed and included with complication incidences varying from 0% to 100%...
October 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876595/acute-upper-limb-ischaemia-in-diabetic-patients-a-recent-experience
#20
R du Toit, A T O Abdool-Carrim, T Monareng
BACKGROUND: The outcome of acute upper limb ischaemia in diabetic patients is not well known. We report our recent experience with 5 patients. METHOD: Retrospective case reviews. RESULTS: All patients presented with Rutherford 2b ischaemia at a median 1.6 days after symptom onset. Age range: 43-76 years. M:F 1:4. Mean HbA1c: 10.1% (range 6.1 - 14.0) Mean LDL cholesterol: 3.1g/dL (range 1.61 - 4.80) Other comorbidities included: Ischaemic heart disease, atrial fibrillation, dyslipidaemia, hypertension, morbid obesity...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
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