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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877248/flying-foxes-create-extensive-seed-shadows-and-enhance-germination-success-of-pioneer-plant-species-in-deforested-madagascan-landscapes
#1
Ryszard Oleksy, Luca Giuggioli, Thomas J McKetterick, Paul A Racey, Gareth Jones
Seed dispersal plays a significant role in forest regeneration and maintenance. Flying foxes are often posited as effective long-distance seed dispersers due to their large home ranges and ability to disperse seeds when flying. We evaluate the importance of the Madagascan flying fox Pteropus rufus in the maintenance and regeneration of forests in one of the world's priority conservation areas. We tested germination success of over 20,000 seeds from the figs Ficus polita, F. grevei and F. lutea extracted from bat faeces and ripe fruits under progressively more natural conditions, ranging from petri-dishes to outdoor environments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769631/synopsis-of-the-pelidnotine-scarabs-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-rutelinae-rutelini-and-annotated-catalog-of-the-species-and-subspecies
#2
Matthew R Moore, Mary L Jameson, Beulah H Garner, Cédric Audibert, Andrew B T Smith, Matthias Seidel
The pelidnotine scarabs (Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae: Rutelini) are a speciose, paraphyletic assemblage of beetles that includes spectacular metallic species ("jewel scarabs") as well as species that are ecologically important as herbivores, pollinators, and bioindicators. These beetles suffer from a complicated nomenclatural history, due primarily to 20(th) century taxonomic and nomenclatural errors. We review the taxonomic history of the pelidnotine scarabs, present a provisional key to genera with overviews of all genera, and synthesize a catalog of all taxa with synonyms, distributional data, type specimen information, and 107 images of exemplar species...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647939/non-criteria-or-seronegative-obstetric-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Luis J Jara, Gabriela Medina, Polita Cruz-Cruz, Javier Olivares-Rivera, Carolina Duarte-Salazar, Miguel A Saavedra
Obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome (Obs-APS) is one of the most commonly identified causes of recurrent pregnancy loss and its accurate diagnosis is a requirement for optimal treatment. Some patients do not fulfill the revised Sapporo classification criteria, the original APS classification criteria, and are considered to be non-criteria Obs-APS. In these patients with non-criteria, there is controversy about their inclusion within the spectrum of APS and eventually their treatment as having Obs-APS. A subset of patients may also have clinical characteristics of Obs-APS even though lupus anticoagulant (LA), anticardiolipin antibodies, and anti-β2-glycoprotein I (aβ2GPI) antibodies are consistently negative...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447373/avoiding-a-crisis-of-motivation-for-ocean-management-under-global-environmental-change
#4
REVIEW
Peter J Mumby, James N Sanchirico, Kenneth Broad, Michael W Beck, Peter Tyedmers, Megan Morikawa, Thomas A Okey, Larry B Crowder, Elizabeth A Fulton, Denny Kelso, Joanie A Kleypas, Stephan B Munch, Polita Glynn, Kathryn Matthews, Jane Lubchenco
Climate change and ocean acidification are altering marine ecosystems and, from a human perspective, creating both winners and losers. Human responses to these changes are complex, but may result in reduced government investments in regulation, resource management, monitoring and enforcement. Moreover, a lack of peoples' experience of climate change may drive some towards attributing the symptoms of climate change to more familiar causes such as management failure. Taken together, we anticipate that management could become weaker and less effective as climate change continues...
April 27, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325982/long-term-seasonal-dominance-of-the-wasp-trihapsis-polita-townes-hymenoptera-ichneumonidae-in-the-brazilian-atlantic-forest
#5
Bernardo F Santos, Alexandre P Aguiar, Anazélia M Tedesco, Julio C R Fontenelle
BACKGROUND: The temporal dynamics of insect populations in tropical environments is highly complex and poorly known. Long-term seasonality studies are scarce, and particularly so for ichneumonid wasps (Hymenoptera Ichneumonidae). This study represents an effort to elucidate aspects of seasonality and forest succession in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. NEW INFORMATION: We report on the seasonal and successional dominance of the ichneumonid wasp Trihapsis polita (Cryptinae)...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284888/characteristics-of-sleep-in-socially-vulnerable-adolescents
#6
Lisie Polita Romanzini, Aline Ávila Dos Santos, Magda Lahorgue Nunes
IMPORTANCE: This study may help understand the effects of an unfavorable environment in sleep quality of adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To investigate sleep quality in socially vulnerable adolescents, correlating the results with cognitive problems and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and assessing the effectiveness of sleep hygiene and an educational intervention. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and interventional study. SETTING: an educational charitable center supported by a Catholic institution, in Porto Alegre, southern Brazil...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092247/-emergency-obstetric-causes-and-immediate-response-team-in-a-secondary-hospital
#7
Luis Rafael López-Ocaña, Norma Angélica Hernández-Pineda, Polita Rocío Cruz-Cruz, Manuel Ramiro-H, Víctor Octavio Pérez Del Valle-Ibarra
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to describe the causes of the obstetric emergency, which motivates the activation of the Immediate Response Team at a second level hospital of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, which has not an Intensive Care Unit for Adult Patients. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of the causes of obstetric emergency that occurred in the domains of Admission, Hospitalization, Labor, Delivery Room, Operating Room and Recovery of the Hospital General de Zona 53 of the IMSS, during the years 2014 and 2015...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515643/revision-of-the-stag-beetle-genus-ryssonotus-macleay-coleoptera-lucanidae-with-descriptions-of-a-new-genus-and-three-new-species
#8
C A M Reid, M Beatson
The Australian lucanid genus Ryssonotus MacLeay, 1819 is redefined and reduced to one species: R. nebulosus (Kirby, 1819). The supposed senior synonym of this species, Lucanus foveolatus Thunberg, 1806 is a junior synonym of the North American species Lucanus capreolus (Linnaeus, 1763) (new synonym). Safrina new genus, is described for the remaining species formerly in Ryssonotus and three new species: S. dekeyzeri new species, S. grandis (Lea, 1915) new combination, S. jaedoni new species, S. jugularis (Westwood, 1863) new combination, S...
August 10, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494360/conversation-analysis-in-the-differentiation-of-psychogenic-nonepileptic-and-epileptic-seizures-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-settings
#9
Cesare Maria Cornaggia, Gabriella Di Rosa, Maria Polita, Adriana Magaudda, Cecilia Perin, Massimiliano Beghi
The differential diagnosis of epileptic seizures (ES) and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) is often difficult, especially in pediatric and adolescent settings. Conversation analysis (CA) can be a worthwhile diagnostic tool in adults. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of CA in Italian children and adolescents. Ten patients (seven females and three males), diagnosed using video-EEG as having either ES or PNES, underwent a video-recorded interview by a physician from outside the center specifically trained for this purpose...
September 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395727/the-filistatidae-in-the-caribbean-region-with-a-description-of-the-new-genus-antilloides-revision-of-the-genus-filistatoides-f-o-p-cambridge-and-notes-on-kukulcania-lehtinen-arachnida-araneae
#10
Antonio D Brescovit, Alexander Sánchez Ruiz, Giraldo Alayón Garcia
A synopsis of Caribbean filistatid diversity is recorded herein. A new genus, Antilloides, is proposed for five new species exclusively found in the Antilles: A. abeli n. sp., A. cubitas n. sp., and A. mesoliticus n. sp. from Cuba; A. haitises n. sp. from the Dominican Republic; and A. zozo n. sp. from the U. S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico. The genus Filistatoides is revised and includes four species: the type species F. insignis F.O.P. Cambridge, which occurs only in Guatemala; the female is described here for the first time; F...
July 7, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394323/revision-of-the-genus-physiphora-fall%C3%A3-n-1810-diptera-ulidiidae-ulidiinae
#11
Elena P Kameneva, Valery A Korneyev
The genus Physiphora includes at least 29 species, most of them occurring predominantly in the Afrotropical Region and a few species native to the other regions of the Old World. At least P. alceae (Preyssler 1791) and P. clausa (Macquart 1843) are subcosmopolitan species unintentionally introduced into the Australasian, Nearctic, and Neotropical Regions. Twelve new species from the Afrotropical Region are described: P. hendeli sp. n., P. igniceps sp. n., P. kirki sp. n., P. maraisi sp. n., P. meyi sp. n., P...
March 6, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909554/a-survey-of-sources-of-incoherent-artificial-optical-radiation-in-a-hospital-environment-in-accordance-with-european-directive-2006-25-ec-evaluation-of-the-related-exposure-risk
#12
Claudia Cavatorta, Manuela Lualdi, Silvia Meroni, Giovanni Polita, Mauro Bolchi, Emanuele Pignoli
The evaluation of incoherent artificial optical radiation (AOR) exposure in hospital environments is a complex task due to the variety of sources available. This study has been designed to provide a proposal for the precautionary assessment of the related risk. This survey suggested that, in our Institution, at least three kinds of AOR sources required specific investigations: ambient lighting, theatre operating lighting and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) sources. For each kind of evaluated sources a specific measurement approach was developed...
March 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26188707/-rapid-response-obstetrics-team-at-instituto-mexicano-del-seguro-social-enabling-factors
#13
Javier Dávila-Torres, José de Jesús González-Izquierdo, Roberto Aguli Ruíz-Rosas, Polita Del Rocío Cruz-Cruz, Marcelino Hernández-Valencia
BACKGROUND: There are barriers and enablers for the implementation of Rapid Response Teams in obstetric hospitals. The enabling factors were determined at Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, retrospective study was conducted by analysing the emergency obstetric reports sent by mobile technology and e-mail to the Medical Care Unit of the IMSS in 2013. Frequency and mean was obtained using the Excel 2010 program for descriptive statistics...
November 2015: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25860825/comparative-ecophysiology-of-cold-tolerance-related-traits-assessing-range-expansion-potential-for-an-invasive-insect-at-high-latitude
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Philipp Lehmann, Sirpa Kaunisto, Vladimir Koštál, Aigi Margus, Helena Zahradníčková, Leena Lindström
Survival at high latitude requires the capability to cope with seasonally imposed stress, such as low winter temperatures or large temperature fluctuations. The Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, is an invasive pest of potato that has rapidly spread from low latitudes to higher latitudes. During the last 30 years, a decrease in range expansion speed is apparent in Europe. We use a comparative approach to assess whether this could be due to an inability of L. decemlineata to cope with the harsher winters encountered at high latitude, when compared to two native northern chrysomelid beetles with similar overwintering ecology...
May 2015: Physiological and Biochemical Zoology: PBZ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25683368/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-pregnancy-in-women-with-autoimmune-rheumatic-diseases-of-the-mexican-college-of-rheumatology-part-ii
#15
Miguel Ángel Saavedra Salinas, Antonio Barrera Cruz, Antonio Rafael Cabral Castañeda, Luis Javier Jara Quezada, C Alejandro Arce-Salinas, José Álvarez Nemegyei, Antonio Fraga Mouret, Javier Orozco Alcalá, Mario Salazar Páramo, Claudia Verónica Cruz Reyes, Lilia Andrade Ortega, Olga Lidia Vera Lastra, Claudia Mendoza Pinto, Antonio Sánchez González, Polita Del Rocío Cruz Cruz, Sara Morales Hernández, Margarita Portela Hernández, Mario Pérez Cristóbal, Gabriela Medina García, Noé Hernández Romero, María Del Carmen Velarde Ochoa, José Eduardo Navarro Zarza, Verónica Portillo Díaz, Angélica Vargas Guerrero, María Victoria Goycochea Robles, José Luis García Figueroa, Eduardo Barreira Mercado, Mary Carmen Amigo Castañeda
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in women with autoimmune rheumatic diseases is associated with several maternal and fetal complications. The development of clinical practice guidelines with the best available scientific evidence may help standardize the care of these patients. OBJECTIVES: To provide recommendations regarding prenatal care, treatment, and a more effective monitoring of pregnancy in women with lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)...
September 2015: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25639457/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-pregnancy-in-women-with-autoimmune-rheumatic-diseases-of-the-mexican-college-of-rheumatology-part-i
#16
Miguel Ángel Saavedra Salinas, Antonio Barrera Cruz, Antonio Rafael Cabral Castañeda, Luis Javier Jara Quezada, C Alejandro Arce-Salinas, José Álvarez Nemegyei, Antonio Fraga Mouret, Javier Orozco Alcalá, Mario Salazar Páramo, Claudia Verónica Cruz Reyes, Lilia Andrade Ortega, Olga Lidia Vera Lastra, Claudia Mendoza Pinto, Antonio Sánchez González, Polita Del Rocío Cruz Cruz, Sara Morales Hernández, Margarita Portela Hernández, Mario Pérez Cristóbal, Gabriela Medina García, Noé Hernández Romero, María Del Carmen Velarde Ochoa, José Eduardo Navarro Zarza, Verónica Portillo Díaz, Angélica Vargas Guerrero, María Victoria Goycochea Robles, José Luis García Figueroa, Eduardo Barreira Mercado, Mary Carmen Amigo Castañeda
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in women with autoimmune rheumatic diseases is associated with several maternal and fetal complications. The development of clinical practice guidelines with the best available scientific evidence may help standardize the care of these patients. OBJECTIVES: To provide recommendations regarding prenatal care, treatment, and a more effective monitoring of pregnancy in women with lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS)...
September 2015: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25544463/synopsis-of-bakeriella-kieffer-1910-hymenoptera-bethylidae
#17
Celso O Azevedo
Thirty valid species and their junior synonymous were investigated. Neotropical species of Epyrinae were also examined in order to find possible misclassified species of Bakeriella. Diagnoses and illustrations of all valid species are provided. Male genitalia of 14 previously described species are first described and illustrated. The lectotypes of Bakeriella flavicornis Kieffer, 1910 and Epyris montivagus Kieffer, 1910 are designated. The status of Bakeriella lindigi (Kieffer, 1910), stat. resurr. is resurrected from the synonyms of Bakeriella montivaga (Kieffer, 1910)...
October 30, 2014: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25471098/cryptic-introgression-into-the-kidney-saxifrage-saxifraga-hirsuta-from-its-more-abundant-sympatric-congener-saxifraga-spathularis-and-the-potential-risk-of-genetic-assimilation
#18
Gemma E Beatty, Laura Barker, Pei-Pei Chen, Colin T Kelleher, Jim Provan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although hybridization can play a positive role in plant evolution, it has been shown that excessive unidirectional hybridization can result in replacement of a species' gene pool, and even the extinction of rare species via genetic assimilation. This study examines levels of introgression between the common Saxifraga spathularis and its rarer congener S. hirsuta, which have been observed to hybridize in the wild where they occur sympatrically. METHODS: Seven species-specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were analysed in 1025 plants representing both species and their hybrid, S...
February 2015: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25284668/plecoptera-from-minas-gerais-state-southeastern-brazil
#19
Marcos Carneiro Novaes, Pitágoras Da Conceição Bispo
Specimens of Plecoptera collected in Minas Gerais State, Brazil were studied. Twelve previously described species were identified, Anacroneuria boraceiensis Froehlich, 2004, A. debilis (Pictet, 1841), A. itatiaiensis Baldin et al., 2013, A. polita (Burmeister, 1839), A. singularis Righi-Cavallaro & Lecci, 2010, A. stanjewetti Froehlich, 2002, A. terere Righi-Cavallaro & Lecci, 2010, A. vanini Froehlich, 2004, Kempnyia neotropica (Jacobson and Bianchi, 1905), K. obtusa Klapálek, 1916, Tupiperla gracilis (Burmeister, 1839) and T...
2014: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25211423/comparison-of-apache-ii-and-three-abbreviated-apache-ii-scores-for-predicting-outcome-among-emergency-trauma-patients
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jorge Roberto Polita, Jussara Gomez, Gilberto Friedman, Sérgio Pinto Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: to compare the ability of the APACHE II score and three different abbreviated APACHE II scores: simplified APACHE II (s-APACHE II), Rapid Acute Physiology score (RAPS) and Rapid Emergency Medicine score to evaluate in-hospital mortality of trauma patients at the emergency department (ED). METHODS: retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort study. All patients' victims of trauma admitted to the ED, during a 5 months period. For all entries to the ED, APACHE II score was calculated...
July 2014: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
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