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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910795/i-did-eat-my-vegetables-agreement-between-parent-and-child-food-intake-diaries
#1
Natalie Rangelov, L Suzanne Suggs, Pedro Marques-Vidal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of agreement between children and their parents when reporting a child's food consumption. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in which children and parents independently completed 7 d food diaries describing the foods and drinks the child consumed at every meal and snack. The association between child and parent reporting was assessed for nineteen food groups using Kendall's tau-b non-parametric correlations, Spearman's rank correlations, kappa coefficients and Lin's concordance measure of agreement...
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908972/clustering-of-health-related-behaviors-among-early-and-mid-adolescents-in-tuscany-results-from-a-representative-cross-sectional-study
#2
Giacomo Lazzeri, Donatella Panatto, Alexander Domnich, Lucia Arata, Andrea Pammolli, Rita Simi, Mariano Vincenzo Giacchi, Daniela Amicizia, Roberto Gasparini
BACKGROUND: A huge amount of literature suggests that adolescents' health-related behaviors tend to occur in clusters, and the understanding of such behavioral clustering may have direct implications for the effective tailoring of health-promotion interventions. Despite the usefulness of analyzing clustering, Italian data on this topic are scant. This study aimed to evaluate the clustering patterns of health-related behaviors. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Health Behaviors in School-aged Children (HBSC) study conducted in Tuscany in 2010, which involved 3291 11-, 13- and 15-year olds...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907130/environmental-nitrogen-losses-from-commercial-crop-production-systems-in-the-suwannee-river-basin-of-florida
#3
Rishi Prasad, George J Hochmuth
The springs and the Suwannee river of northern Florida in Middle Suwanee River Basin (MSRB) are among several examples in this planet that have shown a temporal trend of increasing nitrate concentration primarily due to the impacts of non-point sources such as agriculture. The rate of nitrate increase in the river as documented by Ham and Hatzell (1996) was 0.02 mg N L-1 y-1. Best management practices (BMPs) for nutrients were adopted by the commercial farms in the MSRB region to reduce the amounts of pollutants entering the water bodies, however the effectiveness of BMPs remains a topic of interest and discussion among the researchers, environmental administrators and policy makers about the loads of nitrogen entering into groundwater and river systems...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907013/development-and-implementation-of-the-ebola-traveler-monitoring-program-and-clinical-outcomes-of-monitored-travelers-during-october-may-2015-minnesota
#4
Aaron DeVries, Pamela Talley, Kristin Sweet, Susan Kline, Patricia Stinchfield, Pritish Tosh, Richard Danila
BACKGROUND: In October 2014, the United States began actively monitoring all persons who had traveled from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone in the previous 21 days. State public health departments were responsible for monitoring all travelers; Minnesota has the largest Liberian population in the United States. The MDH Ebola Clinical Team (ECT) was established to assess travelers with symptoms of concern for Ebola virus disease (EVD), coordinate access to healthcare at appropriate facilities including Ebola Assessment and Treatment Units (EATU), and provide guidance to clinicians...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905869/neurogenic-effects-of-low-dose-whole-body-hze-fe-ion-and-gamma-irradiation
#5
Tara B Sweet, Sean D Hurley, Michael D Wu, John A Olschowka, Jacqueline P Williams, M Kerry O'Banion
Understanding the dose-toxicity profile of radiation is critical when evaluating potential health risks associated with natural and man-made sources in our environment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-dose whole-body high-energy charged (HZE) iron (Fe) ions and low-energy gamma exposure on proliferation and differentiation of adult-born neurons within the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, cells deemed to play a critical role in memory regulation. To determine the dose-response characteristics of the brain to whole-body Fe-ion vs...
December 1, 2016: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904409/morphological-characterization-and-chemical-composition%C3%A2-of-fruits-of-the-traditional-croatian-chestnut-variety%C3%A2-lovran-marron
#6
Igor Poljak, Nada Vahčić, Milica Gačić, Marilena Idžojtić
'Lovran Marron' is the only known traditional Croatian variety of the sweet chestnut. The objective of this study is to specify qualitative and quantitative morphological characteristics and to analyze the chemical composition of the 'Lovran Marron' fruits as well as to compare them to Marušnjak fruits (trees from the 'Lovran Marron' seed) and fruits from the local natural sweet chestnut population. Seven morphological characteristics were measured: fruit mass, height, width and thickness, scar length and width, and the length of the longest intrusion of the seed coat into the kernel...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903522/dietary-patterns-explaining-differences-in-bone-mineral-density-and-hip-structure-in-the-elderly-the-rotterdam-study
#7
Ester Al de Jonge, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Brenda Ct Kieboom, Trudy Voortman, Oscar H Franco, Fernando Rivadeneira
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the association between dietary patterns, measures of hip bone geometry, and subsequent fracture risk are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether dietary patterns that explain most variation in bone mineral density (BMD) and hip bone geometry are associated with fracture risk. DESIGN: We included 4028 subjects aged ≥55 y from the Rotterdam study. Intake of 28 food groups was assessed with the use of food-frequency questionnaires...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902727/hybrid-origins-of-citrus-varieties-inferred-from-dna-marker-analysis-of-nuclear-and-organelle-genomes
#8
Tokurou Shimizu, Akira Kitajima, Keisuke Nonaka, Terutaka Yoshioka, Satoshi Ohta, Shingo Goto, Atsushi Toyoda, Asao Fujiyama, Takako Mochizuki, Hideki Nagasaki, Eli Kaminuma, Yasukazu Nakamura
Most indigenous citrus varieties are assumed to be natural hybrids, but their parentage has so far been determined in only a few cases because of their wide genetic diversity and the low transferability of DNA markers. Here we infer the parentage of indigenous citrus varieties using simple sequence repeat and indel markers developed from various citrus genome sequence resources. Parentage tests with 122 known hybrids using the selected DNA markers certify their transferability among those hybrids. Identity tests confirm that most variant strains are selected mutants, but we find four types of kunenbo (Citrus nobilis) and three types of tachibana (Citrus tachibana) for which we suggest different origins...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900953/feedback-control-policies-employed-by-people-using-intracortical-brain-computer-interfaces
#9
Francis R Willett, Chethan Pandarinath, Beata Jarosiewicz, Brian A Murphy, William D Memberg, Christine H Blabe, Jad Saab, Benjamin L Walter, Jennifer A Sweet, Jonathan P Miller, Jaimie M Henderson, Krishna V Shenoy, John D Simeral, Leigh R Hochberg, Robert F Kirsch, A Bolu Ajiboye
OBJECTIVE: When using an intracortical BCI (iBCI), users modulate their neural population activity to move an effector towards a target, stop accurately, and correct for movement errors. We call the rules that govern this modulation a 'feedback control policy'. A better understanding of these policies may inform the design of higher-performing neural decoders. APPROACH: We studied how three participants in the BrainGate2 pilot clinical trial used an iBCI to control a cursor in a 2D target acquisition task...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899294/impact-of-food-choice-on-sodium-intake-patterns-from-multiple-nhanes-surveys
#10
Zefeng Dong, Zhifeng Gao, Brandon McFadden
To examine how the food consumption from various food groups would impact American adults' sodium intake and whether this impact structurally changes over time, data were obtained from six-cycle National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2010. Foods were categorized by the first two digits of the USDA food code. Regression models were employed to investigate the associations between the consumption of each food group and sodium intake, and whether there were changes in the associations in consecutive six cycles...
November 26, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899144/hypoxia-induced-responses-by-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-are-modulated-by-placental-growth-factor
#11
Michelle B Hookham, Imran H A Ali, Christina L O'Neill, Emer Hackett, Melanie H Lambe, Tina Schmidt, Reinhold J Medina, Sara Chamney, Bharathi Rao, Eibhlin McLoone, David Sweet, Alan W Stitt, Derek P Brazil
BACKGROUND: Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), also termed late outgrowth endothelial cells, are a well-defined circulating endothelial progenitor cell type with an established role in vascular repair. ECFCs have clear potential for cell therapy to treat ischaemic disease, although the precise mechanism(s) underlying their response to hypoxia remains ill-defined. METHODS: In this study, we isolated ECFCs from umbilical cord blood and cultured them on collagen...
November 29, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898633/sweet-and-minty-a-2-year-old-with-a-fatal-household-ingestion
#12
Vidya Ramcharitar Maharaj, Joanne F Paul, Yaron Finkelstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896041/flavored-e-cigarette-use-characterizing-youth-young-adult-and-adult-users
#13
M B Harrell, S R Weaver, A Loukas, M Creamer, C N Marti, C D Jackson, J W Heath, P Nayak, C L Perry, T F Pechacek, M P Eriksen
The purpose of this study is to investigate how the use of flavored e-cigarettes varies between youth (12-17 years old), young adults (18-29 years old), and older adults (30 + years old). Cross-sectional surveys of school-going youth (n = 3907) and young adult college students (n = 5482) in Texas, and young adults and older adults (n = 6051) nationwide were administered in 2014-2015. Proportions and 95% confidence intervals were used to describe the percentage of e-cigarette use at initiation and in the past 30 days that was flavored, among current e-cigarette users...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895485/adhd-and-present-hedonism-time-perspective-as-a-potential-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-tool
#14
REVIEW
S Weissenberger, M Klicperova-Baker, P Zimbardo, K Schonova, D Akotia, J Kostal, M Goetz, J Raboch, R Ptacek
The article draws primarily from the behavioral findings (mainly psychiatric and psychological observations) and points out the important relationships between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and time orientation. Specifically, the authors argue that there is a significant overlap between the symptoms of ADHD and Present Hedonism. Present Hedonism is defined by Zimbardo's time perspective theory and assessed by Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory. Developmental data on Present Hedonism of males and females in the Czech population sample (N=2201) are also presented...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893880/protective-prevention-effects-on-the-association-of-poverty-with-brain-development
#15
Gene H Brody, Joshua C Gray, Tianyi Yu, Allen W Barton, Steven R H Beach, Adrianna Galván, James MacKillop, Michael Windle, Edith Chen, Gregory E Miller, Lawrence H Sweet
Importance: This study was designed to determine whether a preventive intervention focused on enhancing supportive parenting could ameliorate the association between exposure to poverty and brain development in low socioeconomic status African American individuals from the rural South. Objective: To determine whether participation in an efficacious prevention program designed to enhance supportive parenting for rural African American children will ameliorate the association between living in poverty and reduced hippocampal and amygdalar volumes in adulthood...
November 28, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893739/evaluating-carbonate-system-algorithms-in-a-nearshore-system-does-total-alkalinity-matter
#16
Jonathan M Jones, Julia Sweet, Mark A Brzezinski, Heather M McNair, Uta Passow
Ocean acidification is a threat to many marine organisms, especially those that use calcium carbonate to form their shells and skeletons. The ability to accurately measure the carbonate system is the first step in characterizing the drivers behind this threat. Due to logistical realities, regular carbonate system sampling is not possible in many nearshore ocean habitats, particularly in remote, difficult-to-access locations. The ability to autonomously measure the carbonate system in situ relieves many of the logistical challenges; however, it is not always possible to measure the two required carbonate parameters autonomously...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892987/sweet-like-eruption-associated-with-obinutuzumab-therapy-for-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#17
Abraham M Korman, Justin G Hastings, John C Byrd, Benjamin H Kaffenberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891561/citrus-psorosis-virus-coat-protein-derived-hairpin-construct-confers-stable-transgenic-resistance-in-citrus-against-psorosis-a-and-b-syndromes
#18
A De Francesco, N Costa, M L García
Citrus psorosis virus (CPsV) is the causal agent of psorosis, a serious and widespread citrus disease. Two syndromes of psorosis, PsA and PsB, have been described. PsB is the most aggressive and rampant form. Previously, we obtained Pineapple sweet orange plants transformed with a hairpin construct derived from the CPsV coat protein gene (ihpCP). Some of these plants were resistant to CPsV 90-1-1, a PsA isolate homologous to the transgene. In this study, we found that expression of the ihpCP transgene and siRNA production in lines ihpCP-10 and -15 were stable with time and propagation...
November 28, 2016: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891447/oral-health-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-behaviour-among-secondary-school-children-in-chandigarh
#19
Anshu Blaggana, Vishaka Grover, Anjali, Anoop Kapoor, Vikram Blaggana, Renu Tanwar, Harleen Kaur, Ryana Kaur Haneet
INTRODUCTION: Oral health knowledge is considered to be an essential prerequisite for health-related practices and better oral health. Healthy practices adopted at young age are more sustainable. AIM: Present cross-sectional exploratory study was planned to assess oral health knowledge and practices of secondary school students in Chandigarh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was under-taken amongst 1027 secondary level school students, in Chandigarh, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890265/review-of-rebuttal-to-published-article-a-review-of-ghost-gear-entanglement-amongst-marine-mammals-reptiles-and-elasmobranchs-by-m-stelfox-j-hudgins-and-m-sweet
#20
REVIEW
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