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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211707/relativistic-magnetic-reconnection-in-kerr-spacetime
#1
Felipe A Asenjo, Luca Comisso
The magnetic reconnection process is analyzed for relativistic magnetohydrodynamical plasmas around rotating black holes. A simple generalization of the Sweet-Parker model is used as a first approximation to the problem. The reconnection rate, as well as other important properties of the reconnection layer, has been calculated taking into account the effect of spacetime curvature. Azimuthal and radial current sheet configurations in the equatorial plane of the black hole have been studied, and the case of small black hole rotation rate has been analyzed...
February 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211230/associations-between-children-s-diet-quality-and-watching-television-during-meal-or-snack-consumption-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Amanda Avery, Catherine Anderson, Fiona McCullough
Studies have identified an association between watching television (TV) and childhood obesity. This review adds context to existing research by examining the associations between TV viewing, whilst eating, and children's diet quality. Web of Science and PubMed databases were searched from January 2000 to June 2014. Cross-sectional trials of case control or cohort studies, which included baseline data, measuring the associations between eating whilst watching TV and children's food and drink intake. Quality of selected papers was assessed...
February 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210913/dietary-and-commercialized-fructose-sweet-or-sour
#3
REVIEW
Aslihan Yerlikaya, Tuncay Dagel, Christopher King, Masanari Kubawara, Miguel A Lanaspa, Ana Andres-Hernando, Adrian Covic, Jacek Manitius, Alan A Sag, Mehmet Kanbay
Metabolic syndrome and diabetes are main health problems of modern life in the twenty-first century. Alarming ratios of global prevalence lead to conduct more and more researches about etiological factors and pathogenesis. Disease mechanism is elementary for advancing more efficient and practicable treatment methods. Concurrent increase in both fructose consumption with Western diet and metabolic syndrome has revealed fructose hypothesis that suggests fructose as one of etiological factor of metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance, central obesity, hypertension, etc...
February 16, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209855/sweet-relief-for-pollinators
#4
Carlos Martinez Del Rio, Michael E Dillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209810/genome-sequence-of-southern-tomato-virus-in-asymptomatic-tomato-sweet-hearts
#5
Ricardo I Alcalá-Briseño, Sevgi Coşkan, Maria A Londoño, Jane E Polston
The genome sequence of Southern tomato virus in asymptomatic Solanum lycopersicum 'Sweet Hearts' (STV-Florida) in Florida was assembled from small RNAs sequenced by Illumina RNA-seq. The STV-Florida genome shared 99.0 to 99.9% similarity with full genome sequences from Bangladesh, China, Mexico, and the United States (Mississippi and North Carolina).
February 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208692/economic-impact-of-the-introduction-and-establishment-of-drosophila-suzukii-on-sweet-cherry-production-in-switzerland
#6
REVIEW
Dominique Mazzi, Esther Bravin, Manuela Meraner, Robert Finger, Stefan Kuske
First detected in Switzerland in 2011, the invasive Drosophila suzukii, spotted wing drosophila, has caused recurring costs for growers of berries and fruit. Recommended management approaches rely on a set of methods, tailored to suit crop requirements under the prevailing local conditions. Control of D. suzukii represents a substantial economic burden for growers, in terms of material, equipment, new infrastructure and extra labour. However, those growers who invest wisely to deliver unblemished produce are rewarded with high payoffs...
February 8, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208650/dietary%C3%A2-patterns%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-european%C3%A2-children%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-their%C3%A2-parents%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-association%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-family%C3%A2-food%C3%A2-environment-%C3%A2-results%C3%A2-from%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-i-family%C3%A2-study
#7
Antje Hebestreit, Timm Intemann, Alfonso Siani, Stefaan De Henauw, Gabriele Eiben, Yiannis A Kourides, Eva Kovacs, Luis A Moreno, Toomas Veidebaum, Vittorio Krogh, Valeria Pala, Leonie H Bogl, Monica Hunsberger, Claudia Börnhorst, Iris Pigeot
The aim of this study was to determine whether an association exists between children's  and  parental  dietary  patterns  (DP),  and  whether  the  number  of  shared  meals  or  soft  drink  availability  during  meals  strengthens  this  association.  In  2013/2014  the  I.Family  study  cross-sectionally assessed the dietary intakes of families from eight European countries using 24-h  dietary recalls. Usual energy and food intakes from six- to 16-year-old children and their parents  were estimated based on the NCI Method...
February 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208159/two-previously-unknown-phytophthora-species-associated-with-brown-rot-of-pomelo-citrus-grandis-fruits-in-vietnam
#8
Ivana Puglisi, Alessandro De Patrizio, Leonardo Schena, Thomas Jung, Maria Evoli, Antonella Pane, Nguyen Van Hoa, Mai Van Tri, Sandra Wright, Mauritz Ramstedt, Christer Olsson, Roberto Faedda, Gaetano Magnano di San Lio, Santa Olga Cacciola
Two distinct Phytophthora taxa were found to be associated with brown rot of pomelo (Citrus grandis), a new disease of this ancestral Citrus species, in the Vinh Long province, Mekong River Delta area, southern Vietnam. On the basis of morphological characters and using the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region of the rDNA and the cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) as barcode genes, one of the two taxa was provisionally named as Phytophthora sp. prodigiosa, being closely related to but distinct from P. insolita, a species in Phytophthora Clade 9, while the other one, was closely related to but distinct from the Clade 2 species P...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207236/using-roc-curves-to-optimize-discovery-based-software-with-comprehensive-two-dimensional-gas-chromatography-with-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#9
Brooke C Reaser, Bob W Wright, Robert E Synovec
We report a quantitative approach to optimize implementation of discovery-based software for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC × GC - TOFMS). The software performs a tile-based Fisher ratio (F-ratio) analysis, and facilitates a supervised non-targeted analysis based upon the experimental design to aid in the discovery of analytes with statistically different variances between sample classes. The quantitative approach for software optimization uses receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves...
February 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205335/a-sweet-taste-receptor-dependent-mechanism-of-glucosensing-in-hypothalamic-tanycytes
#10
Heather Benford, Matei Bolborea, Eric Pollatzek, Kristina Lossow, Irm Hermans-Borgmeyer, Beihui Liu, Wolfgang Meyerhof, Sergey Kasparov, Nicholas Dale
Hypothalamic tanycytes are glial-like glucosensitive cells that contact the cerebrospinal fluid of the third ventricle, and send processes into the hypothalamic nuclei that control food intake and body weight. The mechanism of tanycyte glucosensing remains undetermined. While tanycytes express the components associated with the glucosensing of the pancreatic β cell, they respond to nonmetabolisable glucose analogues via an ATP receptor-dependent mechanism. Here, we show that tanycytes in rodents respond to non-nutritive sweeteners known to be ligands of the sweet taste (Tas1r2/Tas1r3) receptor...
February 16, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204501/a-sweet-story-bean-pod-mottle-virus-transmission-dynamics-by-mexican-bean-beetles-epilachna-varivestis
#11
Charlotte M Smith, Cassidy R Gedling, Kiana F Wiebe, Bryan J Cassone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203345/sweet-s-syndrome-associated-with-clonal-hematopoiesis-of-indeterminate-potential-responsive-to-5-azacitidine
#12
REVIEW
George Yaghmour, Eric Wiedower, Bassam Yaghmour, Sara Nunnery, Eric Duncavage, Mike G Martin
Sweet's syndrome (SS) is a rare condition characterized by the abrupt appearance of painful skin lesions due to neutrophilic dermal infiltration. Hematologic neoplasms, particularly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs), have been commonly reported in association with SS. Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is an emerging entity that is a precursor state to myeloid neoplasms. CHIP has not been previously associated with SS. We report the case of a 71-year-old man who presented with recurrent, painful edematous and erythematous papules and nodules for 18 months despite treatment with corticosteroids...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203157/azathioprine-hypersensitivity-syndrome-two-cases-of-febrile-neutrophilic-dermatosis-induced-by-azathioprine
#13
Majed Aleissa, Perrine Nicol, Marion Godeau, Emilie Tournier, Frederic de Bellissen, Marie-Angèle Robic, Cristina Bulai Livideanu, Juliette Mazereeuw-Hautier, Carle Paul
BACKGROUND: Azathioprine is an immunosuppressive agent used in the treatment of immune-mediated diseases. Azathioprine hypersensitivity syndrome is a rare adverse reaction occurring a few days to weeks after the administration of azathioprine. CASE 1: A 36-year-old male with ulcerative colitis presented with erythematous plaques, pustules and erosions on the lower back, buttocks and thighs associated with high fever (39°C) 2 weeks after the initiation of azathioprine 100 mg/day...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199551/suppression-of-oral-sweet-taste-sensation-with-gymnema-sylvestre-affects-postprandial-gastrointestinal-blood-flow-and-gastric-emptying-in-humans
#14
Hideaki Kashima, Kohei Eguchi, Kanae Miyamoto, Masaki Fujimoto, Masako Yamaoka Endo, Nami Aso-Someya, Toshio Kobayashi, Naoyuki Hayashi, Yoshiyuki Fukuba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198823/il-1%C3%AE-delivers-a-sweet-deal
#15
Marit Hjorth, Mark A Febbraio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196843/changes-in-anthocyanin-production-during-domestication-of-citrus
#16
Eugenio Butelli, Andrés Garcia-Lor, Concetta Licciardello, Giuseppina Las Casas, Lionel Hill, Giuseppe Reforgiato Recupero, Manjunath Keremane, Chandrika Ramadugu, Robert Krueger, Qiang Xu, Xiuxin Deng, Anne-Laure Fanciullino, Yann Froelicher, Luis Navarro, Cathie Martin
Mandarin (C. reticulata), citron (C. medica) and pummelo (C. maxima) are important species of the genus Citrus and parents of the interspecific hybrids that constitute the most familiar commercial varieties of citrus: sweet orange, sour orange, clementine, lemon, lime and grapefruit. Citron produces anthocyanins in its young leaves and flowers, as do species in genera closely related to Citrus, but mandarins do not and pummelo varieties that produce anthocyanins have not been reported. We investigated the activity of the Ruby gene, which encodes a MYB transcription factor controlling anthocyanin biosynthesis, in different accessions of a range of Citrus species and in domesticated cultivars...
February 14, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195572/dna-methylation-as-a-putative-mechanism-for-reduced-dendritic-spine-density-in-the-superior-temporal-gyrus-of-subjects-with-schizophrenia
#17
B McKinney, Y Ding, D A Lewis, R A Sweet
Reduced dendritic spine density (DSD) in cortical layer 3 of the superior temporal gyrus (STG), and multiple other brain regions, is consistently observed in postmortem studies of schizophrenia (SZ). Elucidating the molecular mechanisms of this intermediate phenotype holds promise for understanding SZ pathophysiology, identifying SZ treatment targets and developing animal models. DNA methylation (DNAm), the addition of a methyl group to a cytosine nucleotide, regulates gene transcription and is a strong candidate for such a mechanism...
February 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194808/influence-of-japanese-consumer-gender-and-age-on-sensory-attributes-and-preference-a-case-study-on-deep-fried-peanuts
#18
Atsushi Miyagi
BACKGROUND: Detailed exploration of sensory perception as well as preference across gender and age for a certain food is very useful for developing a vendible food commodity related to physiological and psychological motivation for food preference. Sensory tests including color, sweetness, bitterness, fried peanut aroma, textural preference, and overall liking of deep-fried peanuts were carried out using 417 healthy Japanese consumers with varying frying time (2, 4, 6, 9, 12, and 15 min) at 150 °C...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193416/chemical-sensory-properties-and-consumer-preference-of-hibiscus-beverages-produced-by-improved-industrial-processes
#19
Maria João P Monteiro, Ana Isabel A Costa, Geneviève Fliedel, Mady Cissé, Aurélie Bechoff, Dominique Pallet, Keith Tomlins, Maria Manuela E Pintado
The need to increase sustainability and add value to traditional foods claiming health benefits led to the introduction of key improvements in the production of hibiscus beverages in Senegal. The physicochemical and sensory properties of three resulting products (an under-vacuum concentrate, a dilute-to-taste syrup and a ready-to-drink infusion) were assessed, vis-à-vis those of conventionally manufactured beverages, and their impact on local consumer preference determined (n=146). New beverages had more intense, redder colour and higher monomeric anthocyanin content, total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity...
June 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193406/variation-of-ascorbic-acid-concentration-in-fruits-of-cultivated-and-wild-apples
#20
Ting Fang, Qiaoling Zhen, Liao Liao, Albert Owiti, Li Zhao, Schuyler S Korban, Yuepeng Han
Ascorbic acid (AsA) content in mature fruits of 457 apple accessions were measured, and a great variation in AsA concentration was detected. Wild fruits showed significantly higher level of AsA than cultivated fruits. Fruit AsA content was positively correlated with malic acid content, but negatively correlated with fruit weight and soluble solid content. Thus, the difference in AsA content between the wild and cultivated fruits could be attributed to an indirect consequence of human selection for larger fruit size, less acidity, and increased sweetness during apple domestication...
June 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
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