keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sweet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451616/counseling-by-health-professionals-and-healthy-behaviors-among-the-elderly-population-based-study-in-pelotas-south-of-brazil-2014
#1
Thaynã Ramos Flores, Ana Paula Gomes, Ana Luiza Gonçalves Soares, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Maria Cecília Formoso Assunção, Helen Gonçalves, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the association between counseling by health care professionals and healthy behaviors among the elderly. METHODS: population-based, cross-sectional study with elderly individuals (≥60 years) interviewed in 2014; Poisson regression was used to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) of associations between counseling by health professionals on the reduction of salt, sugar and fat and on the practice of physical activity during the year previous to the interview and healthy behaviors...
2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451479/-sweet-hijacking-by-the-tax-oncoprotein-of-the-human-t-cell-lymphotropic-virus-type-1
#2
Claudine Pique, Tarik Issad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451311/impaired-phloem-loading-in-zmsweet13a-b-c-sucrose-transporter-triple-knock-out-mutants-in-zea-mays
#3
Margaret Bezrutczyk, Thomas Hartwig, Marc Horshman, Si Nian Char, Jinliang Yang, Bing Yang, Wolf B Frommer, Davide Sosso
Crop yield depends on efficient allocation of sucrose from leaves to seeds. In Arabidopsis, phloem loading is mediated by a combination of SWEET sucrose effluxers and subsequent uptake by SUT1/SUC2 sucrose/H + symporters. ZmSUT1 is essential for carbon allocation in maize, but the relative contribution to apoplasmic phloem loading and retrieval of sucrose leaking from the translocation path is not known. Here we analysed the contribution of SWEETs to phloem loading in maize. We identified three leaf-expressed SWEET sucrose transporters as key components of apoplasmic phloem loading in Zea mays L...
February 16, 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450584/dietary-patterns-and-longitudinal-change-in-hip-bone-mineral-density-among-older-men
#4
T S Rogers, S Harrison, S Judd, E S Orwoll, L M Marshall, J Shannon, L Langsetmo, N E Lane, J M Shikany
Studying dietary patterns is often more informative than individual nutrients or foods. We found that a Prudent dietary pattern (rich in vegetables and fish) was associated with reduced loss of total hip BMD in older men. A Prudent dietary pattern may be a potential lifestyle strategy for minimizing bone loss. INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify baseline dietary patterns using factor analysis in a cohort of older men and to evaluate whether the dietary patterns were associated with bone mineral density change (%ΔBMD) at the total hip and femoral neck over time...
February 15, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450116/the-potential-of-the-newly-isolated-thermotolerant-kluyveromyces-marxianus-for-high-temperature-ethanol-production-using-sweet-sorghum-juice
#5
Warayutt Pilap, Sudarat Thanonkeo, Preekamol Klanrit, Pornthap Thanonkeo
In this work, the newly isolated thermotolerant Kluyveromyces marxianus DBKKUY-103 exhibited a high ethanol fermentation efficiency at high temperatures using sweet sorghum juice (SSJ). The highest ethanol concentrations and productivities achieved under the optimum conditions using thermotolerant K. marxianus DBKKUY-103 were 85.16 g/l and 1.42 g/l.h at 37 °C and 83.46 g/l and 1.39 g/l.h at 40 °C, respectively. The expression levels of genes during ethanol fermentation at 40 °C were evaluated and the results found that the transcriptional levels of the RAD10 , RAD14 , RAD33 , RAD50 , ATPH , ATP4 , ATP16 , and ATP20 genes were up-regulated compared with those at 30 °C, suggesting that the high growth and high ethanol production efficiencies of K...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448903/effects-of-different-types-of-soy-sauce-on-the-formation-of-heterocyclic-amines-in-roasted-chicken
#6
Syifaa A S, S Jinap, Md Jahurul Haque Akanda, Maimunah Sanny, A Khatib
The objective of the study was to determine the effect of different types of soy sauce and marinating time on the formation of heterocyclic amines (HCAs) in roasted chicken. Chicken breast samples were marinated with sweet, salty, light and dark soy sauce at 0, 3, 6 and 12 hours (control treatment was the chicken without marinade). The concentrations of free amino acids, sugars and creatinine were determined before roasting while HCA concentrations were determined after roasting. All types of soy sauce significantly increased (p ≤ 0...
February 15, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448176/mechanisms-of-phloem-loading
#7
REVIEW
Cankui Zhang, Robert Turgeon
The complex form of higher plants requires continuous, balanced transport of nutrients in the phloem. The initial step of transferring sugars, amino acids, and other materials from photosynthetic cells to the conducting sieve tubes is known as phloem loading. Three phloem loading mechanisms have been described. The first involves release of sucrose into the apoplast and subsequent retrieval by the phloem. The initial release step in this process is now known to be mediated by a new class of transporters, the SWEET proteins...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447996/sleep-food-cravings-and-taste
#8
Wen Lv, Graham Findlayson, Robin Dando
OBJECTIVE: Taste is influenced by factors from our environment, psychology, and from our own physiological state. The objective of the study was to determine whether sleep influences our sense of taste or our cravings for food. METHOD: 57 healthy panelists, predominantly of college age, submitted to sleep tracking, and subsequently underwent a series of sensory tests, using basic prototypic tastants as well as real foods. Panelists were also evaluated to quantify food cravings, using both the Leeds Food Preference Questionnaire, and the Control of Eating Questionnaire...
February 12, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446561/the-role-of-play-objects-and-object-play-in-human-cognitive-evolution-and-innovation
#9
Felix Riede, Niels N Johannsen, Anders Högberg, April Nowell, Marlize Lombard
In this contribution, we address a major puzzle in the evolution of human material culture: If maturing individuals just learn their parental generation's material culture, then what is the origin of key innovations as documented in the archeological record? We approach this question by coupling a life-history model of the costs and benefits of experimentation with a niche-construction perspective. Niche-construction theory suggests that the behavior of organisms and their modification of the world around them have important evolutionary ramifications by altering developmental settings and selection pressures...
January 2018: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442579/changes-in-cryphonectria-parasitica-populations-affects-natural-biological-control-of-chestnut-blight
#10
Marin Ježić, Jelena Mlinarec, Rosemary Vuković, Zorana Katanić, Ljiljana Krstin, Lucija Nuskern, Igor Poljak, Marilena Idžojtić, Mirta Tkalec, Mirna Curkovic-Perica
Invasive species, especially plant pathogens have a potential to completely eradicate native plant species and remodel landscapes. Tripartite interaction among sweet chestnut, Castanea sativa, chestnut blight-causing invasive fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica, and a hyperparasitic virus, Cryphonectria parasitica hypovirus 1 (CHV1) were studied in two populations. The number of different vegetative compatibility (vc) types of C. parasitica more than doubled over the ten years, while the hypovirulence incidence dropped in one population, and slightly increased in the other one...
February 14, 2018: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442460/do-medical-students-adhere-to-advice-regarding-a-healthy-lifestyle-a-pilot-study-of-bmi-and-some-aspects-of-lifestyle-in-medical-students-in-poland
#11
Dominika Kanikowska, Dorota Sikorska, Barbara Kuczyńska, Marian Grzymisławski, Andrzej Bręborowicz, Janusz Witowski
BACKGROUND: The components of lifestyle of medical students, with comprehensive reporting of their physical activity and drinking and eating behavior, are rarely evaluated. Being overweight (increased body mass index - BMI) is associated with health problems, an unhealthy lifestyle (inadequate sleep, diet and exercise) being implicated. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine if there were discrepancies between assessments of actual lifestyle and advice regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441682/genome-wide-analysis-of-odorant-binding-proteins-and-chemosensory-proteins-in-the-sweet-potato-whitefly-bemisia-tabaci
#12
Yang Zeng, Yu-Ting Yang, Qing-Jun Wu, Shao-Li Wang, Wen Xie, You-Jun Zhang
Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) and chemosensory proteins (CSPs) of insects are thought to play roles in olfactory recognition affecting host choice, copulation, reproduction, and other behaviors. Previous descriptions of OBPs and CSPs in the whitefly Bemisia tabaci often provided no or incomplete genetic information. In this study, we present a genome-wide and transcriptome-wide investigation of the OBPs and CSPs in B. tabaci MEAM1 (Middle East-Asia Minor1 species). Eight OBP and 19 CSP genes were identified that covered all previous sequences...
February 14, 2018: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439208/swisher-sweets-artist-project-using-musical-events-to-promote-cigars
#13
Ollie Ganz, Shyanika W Rose, Jennifer Cantrell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438460/practical-dietary-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adults
#14
Elena S George, Adrienne Forsyth, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Amanda J Nicoll, Marno Ryan, Siddharth Sood, Stuart K Roberts, Audrey C Tierney
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease worldwide. In the absence of effective pharmacotherapies, clinical guidelines focus primarily on weight loss to treat this condition. Established consensus, evidence-based, and clinical dietary recommendations for NAFLD are currently lacking. The aim of this paper is to provide evidence-based practical dietary recommendations for the prevention and management of NAFLD in adults. A literature review focusing on established principles for the development of clinical practice recommendations was employed using the following criteria: based on substantial evidence, ensures risk minimization, is flexible for an individual patient approach, and is open to further modification as evidence emerges...
January 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437777/trehalose-6-phosphate-regulates-photosynthesis-and-assimilate-partitioning-in-reproductive-tissue
#15
Maria Oszvald, Lucia F Primavesi, Cara A Griffiths, Jonathan Cohn, Shib Basu, Michael L Nuccio, Matthew J Paul
Transgenic maize expressing a rice trehalose phosphate phosphatase (TPP1) controlled by a rice MADS6 promoter active over the 2- to 3-week flowering period are higher yielding than wild type with or without drought during flowering. To better understand the mechanistic basis of the yield increase, we characterise gene expression and metabolite profiles in developing female reproductive tissue comprising florets, node, pith and shank and in leaves over the flowering period with and without drought. Using the β-glucuronidase reporter the MADS6 promoter activity was most closely linked to vasculature, particularly phloem companion cells in florets and pith consistent with largest decreases in trehalose 6-phosphate (T6P) levels (2-3 fold) in pith and florets...
February 6, 2018: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437497/competency-based-training-and-simulation-making-a-valid-argument
#16
Yasser A Noureldin, Jason Y Lee, Elspeth M McDougall, Robert M Sweet
The use of simulation as an assessment tool is much more controversial than is its utility as an educational tool. However, without valid simulation-based assessment tools, the ability to objectively assess technical skill competencies in a competency-based medical education framework will remain challenging. The current literature in urologic simulation-based training and assessment uses a definition and framework of validity that is now outdated. This is probably due to the absence of awareness rather than an absence of comprehension...
February 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436353/feeding-infants-with-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-finding-the-sweet-spot
#17
Denise J Maguire, Emily Shaffer-Hudkins, Kathleen Armstrong, Leah Clark
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to learn how caregivers who are expert in feeding infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) successfully feed these infants during withdrawal. DESIGN/SAMPLE: Focus group methodology was used to gather information from self-identified experts from three large regional NICUs. Twelve NICU nurses and speech therapists participated in open-ended, recorded discussions. Detailed flip chart notes were taken, reviewed, and verified by the participants before the group ended...
January 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436203/development-of-a-gustatory-function-test-for-clinical-application-in-korean-subjects
#18
Chi Sang Hwang, Jin Won Kim, Salma Saud Al Sharhan, Jin Woong Kim, Hyung Ju Cho, Joo Heon Yoon, Chang Hoon Kim
PURPOSE: To obtain validated clinical values suitable for developing a gustatory function test, including umami taste, in a Korean population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The investigation involved 297 participants with self-reported normal sense of taste and smell. Liquid solutions were used for the assessment of gustatory function. The test consisted of 30 taste solutions [six concentrations of five tastants (sweet, bitter, salty, sour, and umami)]. For evaluation of overall gustatory function, the number of detected or correctly recognized taste thresholds was combined to form a "taste score...
March 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436180/sweet-vector-for-gene-delivery-the-sugar-decoration-of-polyplexes-reduces-cytotoxicity-with-a-balanced-effect-on-gene-expression
#19
Lindomar J C Albuquerque, Alex C Alavarse, Maria C Carlan da Silva, Morgana S Zilse, Maitê T Barth, Ismael C Bellettini, Fernando C Giacomelli
The use of sugar-functionalized polyplexes as a nonviral gene delivery vector with lower cytotoxicity than the well-known polymeric carrier branched polyethyleneimine (BPEI) is investigated. The substitution of primary amine groups in the BPEI chains with lactose residues leads to larger polyplexes, presumably due to the higher amount of polymer required to complete DNA condensation. Nevertheless, the sugar functionalization substantially reduces the cytotoxicity of the assemblies. The nanocomplexes are taken up by the cells to a greater extent, whereas the levels of gene expression are maintained compared to those obtained using BPEI, which is known for its excellent transfection efficiency...
February 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433786/incorporating-orange-fleshed-sweet-potato-into-the-food-system-as-a-strategy-for-improved-nutrition-the-context-of-south-africa
#20
Sunette M Laurie, Mieke Faber, Nicole Claasen
Orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) is considered the single most successful example of biofortification of a staple crop, and presents a feasible option to address vitamin A deficiency. Though initially promoted as part of a crop-based approach focusing on production and consumption at household level, it evolved into small-scale commercial production, predominantly in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper reviews OFSP initiatives in relation to the South African food environment and food supply systems, also identifying opportunities for scaling out OFSP in a situation where sweet potato is not eaten as a staple...
February 2018: Food Research International
keyword
keyword
62645
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"