keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

sweet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679682/bitter-and-sweet-tasting-molecules-it-s-complicated
#1
REVIEW
Antonella Di Pizio, Yaron Ben Shoshan-Galeczki, John E Hayes, Masha Y Niv
"Bitter" and "sweet" are frequently framed in opposition, both functionally and metaphorically, in regard to affective responses, emotion, and nutrition. This oppositional relationship is complicated by the fact that some molecules are simultaneously bitter and sweet. In some cases, a small chemical modification, or a chirality switch, flips the taste from sweet to bitter. Molecules humans describe as bitter are recognized by a 25 member subfamily of class A G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) known as TAS2Rs...
April 18, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679674/combined-effects-of-octenylsuccination-and-oregano-essential-oil-on-sweet-potato-starch-films-with-an-emphasis-on-water-resistance
#2
Jing Li, Fayin Ye, Lin Lei, Guohua Zhao
The perishable character of moist food products demands packages with antimicrobial activity and water resistance. Oregano essential oil (OEO) and starch octenylsuccination were first jointly applied to formulate antimicrobial and water-resistant sweet potato starch films. The results showed that octenylsuccination powerfully retarded the coalescence of oil droplets in film casting process and favoured their homogeneity in the dried films. OEO incorporation dose-dependently conferred antimicrobial activity upon the films, which was further enhanced by octenylsuccination to some degree...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679410/associations-of-ultra-processed-food-and-drink-products-with-asthma-and-wheezing-among-brazilian-adolescents
#3
B Melo, L Rezende, P Machado, N Gouveia, R Levy
BACKGROUND: Although both consumption of ultra-processed products and asthma are common during adolescence, the epidemiological evidence in regarding their association is unclear. We investigated the associations of ultra-processed products consumption with asthma and wheezing in a representative sample of Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: We used data from a representative sample of 109,104 Brazilian adolescents enrolled in the National Survey of School Health, 2012...
April 21, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678794/aggravated-gut-inflammation-in-mice-lacking-the-taste-signaling-protein-%C3%AE-gustducin
#4
Pu Feng, Jinghua Chai, Huilan Yi, Kevin Redding, Robert F Margolskee, Liquan Huang, Hong Wang
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a debilitating immune-related condition that affects over 1.4 million Americans. Recent studies indicate that taste receptor signaling is involved in much more than sensing food flavor, and taste receptors have been localized in a variety of extra-oral tissues. One of the newly revealed functions of taste receptors and downstream signaling proteins is modulation of immune responses to microbes and parasites. We previously found that components of the taste receptor signaling pathway are expressed in subsets of the intestinal epithelial cells...
April 17, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677158/reformulation-as-an-integrated-approach-of-four-disciplines-a-qualitative-study-with-food-companies
#5
Annelies van Gunst, Annet J C Roodenburg, Ingrid H M Steenhuis
In 2014, the Dutch government agreed with the food sector to lower salt, sugar, saturated fat and energy in foods. To reformulate, an integrated approach of four disciplines (Nutrition & Health, Food Technology, Legislation, and Consumer Perspectives) is important for food companies (Framework for Reformulation). The objective of this study was to determine whether this framework accurately reflects reformulation processes in food companies. Seventeen Dutch food companies in the bakery, meat and convenience sector were interviewed with a semi-structured topic list...
April 20, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676956/high-intensity-interval-training-after-stroke-an-opportunity-to-promote-functional-recovery-cardiovascular-health-and-neuroplasticity
#6
Jennifer Crozier, Marc Roig, Janice J Eng, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Joyce Fung, Michelle Ploughman, Damian M Bailey, Shane N Sweet, Nicholas Giacomantonio, Alexander Thiel, Michael Trivino, Ada Tang
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability. Individuals poststroke possess less than half of the cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) as their nonstroke counterparts, leading to inactivity, deconditioning, and an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Preserving cardiovascular health is critical to lower stroke risk; however, stroke rehabilitation typically provides limited opportunity for cardiovascular exercise. Optimal cardiovascular training parameters to maximize recovery in stroke survivors also remains unknown...
April 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676281/risk-thresholds-for-alcohol-consumption-combined-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-for-599-912-current-drinkers-in-83-prospective-studies
#7
Angela M Wood, Stephen Kaptoge, Adam S Butterworth, Peter Willeit, Samantha Warnakula, Thomas Bolton, Ellie Paige, Dirk S Paul, Michael Sweeting, Stephen Burgess, Steven Bell, William Astle, David Stevens, Albert Koulman, Randi M Selmer, W M Monique Verschuren, Shinichi Sato, Inger Njølstad, Mark Woodward, Veikko Salomaa, Børge G Nordestgaard, Bu B Yeap, Astrid Fletcher, Olle Melander, Lewis H Kuller, Beverley Balkau, Michael Marmot, Wolfgang Koenig, Edoardo Casiglia, Cyrus Cooper, Volker Arndt, Oscar H Franco, Patrik Wennberg, John Gallacher, Agustín Gómez de la Cámara, Henry Völzke, Christina C Dahm, Caroline E Dale, Manuela M Bergmann, Carlos J Crespo, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Rudolf Kaaks, Leon A Simons, Pagona Lagiou, Josje D Schoufour, Jolanda M A Boer, Timothy J Key, Beatriz Rodriguez, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Karina W Davidson, James O Taylor, Carlotta Sacerdote, Robert B Wallace, J Ramon Quiros, Rosario Tumino, Dan G Blazer, Allan Linneberg, Makoto Daimon, Salvatore Panico, Barbara Howard, Guri Skeie, Timo Strandberg, Elisabete Weiderpass, Paul J Nietert, Bruce M Psaty, Daan Kromhout, Elena Salamanca-Fernandez, Stefan Kiechl, Harlan M Krumholz, Sara Grioni, Domenico Palli, José M Huerta, Jackie Price, Johan Sundström, Larraitz Arriola, Hisatomi Arima, Ruth C Travis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Anna Karakatsani, Antonia Trichopoulou, Tilman Kühn, Diederick E Grobbee, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Natasja van Schoor, Heiner Boeing, Kim Overvad, Jussi Kauhanen, Nick Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Nita Forouhi, Maria Wennberg, Jean-Pierre Després, Mary Cushman, Jackie A Cooper, Carlos J Rodriguez, Masaru Sakurai, Jonathan E Shaw, Matthew Knuiman, Trudy Voortman, Christa Meisinger, Anne Tjønneland, Hermann Brenner, Luigi Palmieri, Jean Dallongeville, Eric J Brunner, Gerd Assmann, Maurizio Trevisan, Richard F Gillum, Ian Ford, Naveed Sattar, Mariana Lazo, Simon G Thompson, Pietro Ferrari, David A Leon, George Davey Smith, Richard Peto, Rod Jackson, Emily Banks, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, John Danesh
BACKGROUND: Low-risk limits recommended for alcohol consumption vary substantially across different national guidelines. To define thresholds associated with lowest risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease, we studied individual-participant data from 599 912 current drinkers without previous cardiovascular disease. METHODS: We did a combined analysis of individual-participant data from three large-scale data sources in 19 high-income countries (the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration, EPIC-CVD, and the UK Biobank)...
April 14, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676017/valorization-of-postharvest-discard-of-sweet-cherry-for-the-development-of-dehydrated-fruit-ingredients-compositional-physical-and-mechanical-properties
#8
Lorena Franceschinis, Paula Sette, Daniela Salvatori, Carolina Schebor
BACKGROUND: Sweet cherries are an excellent source of phenolic compounds, which may contribute to a healthy diet. The objective of this work was to generate dehydrated ingredients from postharvest discard of sweet cherries. RESULTS: Four dried ingredients were obtained from discard of fresh sweet cherry (Lapins var.), through the application of an osmotic dehydration pretreatment and freeze- or air-drying. The ingredients showed an important phenolic contribution (2...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675861/not-as-sweet-as-honey-a-rare-case-of-an-apparent-factor-v-inhibitor-in-association-with-bee-sting-anaphylaxis
#9
Elisabeth Farhat, Elizabeth Tegg, Soma Mohammed, Elzbieta Grzechnik, Emmanuel J Favaloro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675433/sweet-taste-receptors-mediated-ros-nlrp3-inflammasome-signaling-activation-implications-for-diabetic-nephropathy
#10
Luping Zhou, Wei Huang, Youhua Xu, Chenlin Gao, Ting Zhang, Man Guo, Yan Liu, Jingya Ding, Ludan Qin, Zihao Xu, Yang Long, Yong Xu
Previous studies demonstrated that ROS-NLRP3 inflammasome signaling activation was involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Recent research has shown that sweet taste receptors (STRs) are important sentinels of innate immunity. Whether high glucose primes ROS-NLRP3 inflammasome signaling via STRs is unclear. In this study, diabetic mouse model was induced by streptozotocin (STZ) in vivo; mouse glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs) and human proximal tubular cells were stimulated by high glucose (10, 20, and 30 mmol/L) in vitro; STR inhibitor lactisole was used as an intervention reagent to evaluate the role and mechanism of the STRs in the pathogenesis of DN...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674999/use-of-torulaspora-delbrueckii-co-fermentation-with-two-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strains-with-different-aromatic-characteristic-to-improve-the-diversity-of-red-wine-aroma-profile
#11
Bo-Qin Zhang, Yu Luan, Chang-Qing Duan, Guo-Liang Yan
The use of selected Saccharomyces and non- Saccharomyces strains as mixed starters has advantages over pure fermentation due to achieving wine products with distinctive and diversified aroma expected by consumers. To obtain a way to improve the aroma diversity and increase the differentiation of wine product, in this study, the aromatic effect of multi-culture of indigenous Torulaspora delbrueckii ( TD 12), simultaneous and sequential inoculation with two Saccharomyces strains (indigenous icewine yeast SC 45 and commercial yeast BDX) with different enological characteristics were investigated in laboratory-scale 20 L fermenter, respectively...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671087/severe-adverse-reactions-following-ketoconazole-fluconazole-and-environmental-exposures-a-case-report
#12
Allan Lieberman, Luke Curtis
In this case report, we describe a 66-year-old man who developed multiple adverse reactions beginning at age 56 after exposure to several azole antifungal drugs including ketoconazole and fluconazole. He also had a history of more than 40 years exposure to chemicals including pesticides, wood preservatives, fertilizers, and welding chemicals. His reactions involved dehydration (requiring several liters of intravenous fluids in less than an hour to alleviate this condition), angioedema, nausea, tinnitus, hypotension, and difficulty breathing...
April 18, 2018: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670488/sugarcoating-seizures-a-sweet-deal
#13
COMMENT
Christina Gross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Epilepsy Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670059/variability-studies-of-two-prunus-infecting-fabaviruses-with-the-aid-of-high-throughput-sequencing
#14
Igor Koloniuk, Tatiana Sarkisova, Karel Petrzik, Ondřej Lenz, Jaroslava Přibylová, Jana Fránová, Josef Špak, Leonidas Lotos, Christina Beta, Asimina Katsiani, Thierry Candresse, Varvara I Maliogka
During their lifetime, perennial woody plants are expected to face multiple infection events. Furthermore, multiple genotypes of individual virus species may co-infect the same host. This may eventually lead to a situation where plants harbor complex communities of viral species/strains. Using high-throughput sequencing, we describe co-infection of sweet and sour cherry trees with diverse genomic variants of two closely related viruses, namely prunus virus F (PrVF) and cherry virus F (CVF). Both viruses are most homologous to members of the Fabavirus genus ( Secoviridae family)...
April 18, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669313/role-of-fna-and-special-stains-in-rapid-cytopathological-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-nocardiosis
#15
Ridhi Sood, Ruchita Tyagi, Pavneet Kaur Selhi, Gursheen Kaur, Harpreet Kaur, Akashdeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Nocardia, a gram-positive aerobic bacillus of the Actinomycetales family, is a significant opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised individuals. Clinical and radiological features of pulmonary nocardiosis are nonspecific and can be misdiagnosed as tuberculosis, pneumocystis, staphylococcal or fungal infections, or as malignancy. Aspiration cytology with special stains is a quick and effective approach for accurate diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present 7 cases of pulmonary nocardiosis, admitted to the pathology department in a tertiary-care hospital in Punjab...
April 18, 2018: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667877/practices-and-values-regarding-milk-consumption-among-pre-schoolers-in-bangkok
#16
Jomkwan Yothasamut, Laura Camfield, Michael Pfeil
PURPOSE: Thai government agencies and the business sector have been promoting milk consumption. Considering the robust and continual movements by those actors to promote milk consumption among children in Thailand at the national level, this study aims to investigate milk-consumption practices and values towards milk consumption at pre-school, family and individual levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional qualitative study employs observation and interview methods, along with the Ecological System Theory as a framework...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666514/taste-characteristics-of-chinese-bayberry-juice-characterized-by-sensory-evaluation-chromatography-analysis-and-an-electronic-tongue
#17
Haiyan Yu, Yan Zhang, Jie Zhao, Huaixiang Tian
To evaluate the taste characteristics of Chinese bayberry juice, four types of bayberry juice sourced from different origins and varieties were analysed using sensory evaluation, chromatography, spectroscopy analysis and an electronic tongue (E-tongue). Nine organic acids and three sugars were assessed using high performance liquid chromatography. Total polyphenols were measured by spectrophotometry. The overall taste profile was collected using the E-tongue. The four types of bayberry juice differed in the sensory attributes of sour, sweet, bitter, and astringent...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666513/bioactive-compounds-and-in-vitro-antioxidant-activity-of-some-traditional-and-non-traditional-cold-pressed-edible-oils-from-macedonia
#18
Sanja Kostadinović Veličkovska, Augustin Catalin Moţ, Saša Mitrev, Rubin Gulaboski, Ludger Brühl, Hamed Mirhosseini, Radu Silaghi-Dumitrescu, Bertrand Matthäus
The bioactive compounds and "in vitro" antioxidant activity measured by three antioxidant assays of some traditional and non-traditional cold-pressed edible oils from Macedonia were object of this study. The fatty acid composition showed dominance of monounsaturated oleic acid in "sweet" and "bitter" apricot kernel oils with percentages of 66.7 ± 0.5 and 57.8 ± 0.3%, respectively. The most dominant fatty acid in paprika seed oil was polyunsaturated linoleic acid with abundance of 69...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665689/the-human-sweet-receptor-t1r3-is-functional-in-human-gastric-parietal-tumor-cells-hgt-1-and-modulates-cyclamate-and-acesulfame-k-induced-mechanisms-of-gastric-acid-secretion
#19
Muhammet Zopun, Kathrin I Liszt, Verena Stoeger, Maik Behrens, Ulrike Redel, Jakob P Ley, Joachim Hans, Veronika Somoza
The non-caloric sweeteners (NCS) cyclamate (Cycl) and acesulfame K (AceK) are widely added to foods and beverages. Little is known about their impact on gastric acid secretion (GAS), which is stimulated by dietary protein and bitter-tasting compounds. Since Cycl and AceK have a bitter off-taste in addition to their sweet-taste, we hypothesized they modulate mechanisms of GAS in human gastric parietal cells (HGT-1). HGT-1 cells were exposed to sweet tastants (50 mM of glucose, D-threonine, Cycl or AceK), and analyzed for their intracellular pH index (IPX), as indicator of proton secretion by means of a pH-sensitive dye, and for mRNA-levels of GAS-associated genes by RT-qPCR...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665371/dbsweet-an-integrated-resource-for-sweet-superfamily-to-understand-analyze-and-predict-the-function-of-sugar-transporters-in-prokaryotes-and-eukaryotes
#20
Ankita Gupta, Ramasubbu Sankararamakrishnan
SWEET (Sweet Will Eventually be Exported Transporter) proteins have been recently discovered and form one of the three major families of sugar transporters. Homologs of SWEET are found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Bacterial SWEET homologs have three transmembrane segments forming a triple-helical bundle (THB) and the functional form is dimers. Eukaryotic SWEETs have seven transmembrane helical segments forming two THBs with a linker helix. Members of SWEET homologs have been shown to be involved in several important physiological processes in plants...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
keyword
keyword
62645
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"