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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211290/is-there-a-short-term-benefit-from-an-intra-articular-steroid-injection-in-female-patients-with-adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-treated-with-physiotherapy
#1
Krishna Kumar, Ancy Thomas, Kevin Tetsworth, Erik Hohmann
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the possible short-term benefit of a single intra-articular corticosteroid injection in those patients treated with physiotherapy when compared to a group of patients undergoing physiotherapy only (PT only). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to identify eligible patients treated over a 4-year period. All female patients between 40 years and 60 years with a confirmed clinical diagnosis of idiopathic adhesive capsulitis who completed a prescribed physiotherapy program were considered eligible...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210382/paraneoplastic-dermatomyositis-with-cutaneous-and-myopathic-disease-responsive-to-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-therapy
#2
Marisa Wolff, Christopher Mancuso, Karan Lal, Damian Dicostanzo, Charles Gropper
Dermatomyositis is a myopathic or amyopathic autoimmune connective tissue disease that presents with classic dermatologic findings ranging from: poikilodermatous photosensitivity (shawl sign), eyelid edema and violaceous-pigmentation (heliotrope sign), lichenoid eruptions on the knuckles and elbows (Gottron's sign), periungual telangiectasias, and ragged cuticles (Samitz sign). Up to 30 percent of adult-onset cases of dermatomyositis may represent a paraneoplastic syndrome warranting a thorough work-up for malignancy...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209276/the-aahks-clinical-research-award-what-are-the-costs-of-knee-osteoarthritis-in-the-year-prior-to-total-knee-arthroplasty
#3
Nicholas A Bedard, Spencer B Dowdle, Christopher A Anthony, David E DeMik, Michael A McHugh, Kevin J Bozic, John J Callaghan
BACKGROUND: Despite American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) related to the non-arthroplasty management of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee, non-recommended treatments remain in common use. We sought to determine the costs associated with non-arthroplasty management of knee OA in the year prior to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and stratify them by CPG recommendation status. METHODS: The Humana database was reviewed from 2007 to 2015 for primary TKA patients...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192790/systemic-pharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#4
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed pharmacologic options for low back pain. New evidence and medications have now become available. Purpose: To review the current evidence on systemic pharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through November 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185649/treatment-by-rituximab-on-six-grave-s-ophthalmopathies-resistant-to-corticosteroids
#5
Flavien Précausta, Sophie Arsène, Peggy Renoult-Pierre, Boris Laure, Lise Crinière, Pierre-Jean Pisella
OBJECTIVES: Graves' ophthalmopathy occurs in 50% of Graves' disease cases. Treatment is based on smoking cessation, and control of the euthyroidism and ocular repercussions associated with the disease. The active orbital forms are treated with glucocorticoids. Non-validated therapies have also been recently tested. Rituximab has been effectively used several times to treat corticosteroid-resistant Graves' ophthalmopathy associated with an optic neuropathy, but its use could be proposed only in inflammatory ophthalmopathies after failure of the corticosteroids...
February 6, 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185130/frequency-of-shoulder-corticosteroid-injections-for-pain-and-stiffness-after-shoulder-surgery-and-their-potential-to-enhance-outcomes-with-physiotherapy-a-retrospective-study
#6
John G Skedros, Micheal G Adondakis, Alex N Knight, Michael B Pilkington
INTRODUCTION: What is the rate of injecting patients with shoulder corticosteroid injections to alleviate excessive stiffness and pain within 6 months after shoulder surgery? METHODS: Retrospective 10-year review of a shoulder surgeon's practice. Participants included 754 patients who had 945 non-arthroplasty shoulder surgeries. Outcome measures included the rate of injections, diagnoses, patient characteristics, and efficacy via questionnaire. RESULTS: Approximately one in five patients received a subacromial and/or glenohumeral corticosteroid injection...
February 9, 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182130/therapeutic-effect-of-epidural-hyaluronic-acid-in-a-rat-model-of-foraminal-stenosis
#7
Francis Sahngun Nahm, Pyung Bok Lee, Ghee Young Choe, Young Jin Lim, Yong Chul Kim
PURPOSE: Since receiving a warning from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) about injection of corticosteroids into the epidural space having serious adverse events, we have sought alternative medications for injection at this site. Hyaluronic acid (HA) has anti-adhesive, anti-inflammatory, and lubricating properties, so could potentially be useful for spinal pain. The exact mechanism by which spinal stenosis develops is not fully understood, but is likely to involve inflammation...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165816/controllable-continuous-sub-tenon-drug-delivery-of-dexamethasone-disodium-phosphate-to-ocular-posterior-segment-in-rabbit
#8
Xuetao Huang, Shaogang Liu, Yezhen Yang, Yiqin Duan, Ding Lin
Corticosteroids have been used for treatment of posterior segment eye diseases, but the delivery of drug to the posterior segments is still a problem to resolve. In our study, we explore the feasibility of Sub-tenon's Controllable Continuous Drug Delivery to ocular posterior segment. Controllable continuous sub-tenon drug delivery (CCSDD) system, intravenous injections (IV) and sub-conjunctival injections (SC) were used to deliver dexamethasone disodium phosphate (DEXP) in rabbits, the dexamethasone concentration was measured in the ocular posterior segment tissue by Shimadzu LC-MS 2010 system at different time points in 24 h after first dose injection...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162781/intra-articular-corticosteroids-versus-intra-articular-corticosteroids-plus-methotrexate-in-oligoarticular-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-multicentre-prospective-randomised-open-label-trial
#9
Angelo Ravelli, Sergio Davì, Giulia Bracciolini, Angela Pistorio, Alessandro Consolaro, Evert Hendrik Pieter van Dijkhuizen, Bianca Lattanzi, Giovanni Filocamo, Sara Verazza, Valeria Gerloni, Maurizio Gattinara, Irene Pontikaki, Antonella Insalaco, Fabrizio De Benedetti, Adele Civino, Giuseppe Presta, Luciana Breda, Valentina Marzetti, Serena Pastore, Silvia Magni-Manzoni, Maria Cristina Maggio, Franco Garofalo, Donato Rigante, Marco Gattorno, Clara Malattia, Paolo Picco, Stefania Viola, Stefano Lanni, Nicolino Ruperto, Alberto Martini
BACKGROUND: Little evidence-based information is available to guide the treatment of oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis. We aimed to investigate whether oral methotrexate increases the efficacy of intra-articular corticosteroid therapy. METHODS: We did this prospective, open-label, randomised trial at ten hospitals in Italy. Using a concealed computer-generated list, children younger than 18 years with oligoarticular-onset disease were randomly assigned (1:1) to intra-articular corticosteroids alone or in combination with oral methotrexate (15 mg/m(2); maximum 20 mg)...
February 2, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153505/three-cases-of-erdheim-chester-disease-with-intraocular-manifestations-imaging-and-histopathology-findings-of-a-rare-entity
#10
Anna C S Tan, Suzanne Yzer, Neal Atebara, Brian P Marr, Robert M Verdijk, Virgil A S H Dalm, K Bailey Freund, Lawrence Yannuzzi, Tom Missotten
PURPOSE: To report intraocular manifestations of ECD with multimodal imaging. DESIGN: A retrospective observational case series. METHODS: This was a multi-center case series of three patients with confirmed tissue diagnosis of ECD that showed intraocular manifestations and were imaged at baseline and follow-up visits. RESULTS: Intraocular manifestations are rarely observed in association with Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD)...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152754/eleven-year-experience-with-a-web-based-medication-occurrence-mo-reporting-tool-in-a-community-oncology-practice
#11
Tae W Jang, Jim R Schwartz
: 53 Background: At ASCO 2007, we presented 2 year experience with a web-based Medication Occurrence (MO) reporting tool. We now report the 11 year experience in a single outpatient oncology practice. METHODS: Since December 2003, Texas Oncology (TxO) sites have entered information on Medication Occurrence (MO) reports in an electronic Variance Reporting tool. The pharmacy management team generates reports monthly for the Texas Oncology Quality Oversight Committee and each site Quality Committee for analysis and follow-up action...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147403/intraocular-dexamethasone-implant-as-adjunct-to-silicone-oil-tamponade-for-proliferative-vitreoretinopathy
#12
M Sherif, T J Wolfensberger
Background Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) occurs in 10 % of patients with retinal detachment and is characterized by excessive epi-, sub- or intraretinal contraction. Corticosteroids have been shown to counter this contraction. Patients and Methods Retrospective review of 5 patients (3 females, 2 males) with recurrent retinal detachment with stage C PVR. The mean age was 61.2 ± 20.5 years and myopia > - 5.0 dioptres was present in 3 eyes. Patients were treated with 23 g vitrectomy, retinectomy and endolaser, dexamethasone (Ozurdex®) injection under perfluorocarbone and 5500 cs silicone oil tamponade...
February 1, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146402/a-multicenter-study-of-early-anti-inflammatory-treatment-in-patients-with-acute-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tear
#13
Christian Lattermann, Cale A Jacobs, Mary Proffitt Bunnell, Laura J Huston, Lee G Gammon, Darren L Johnson, Emily K Reinke, Janet L Huebner, Virginia B Kraus, Kurt P Spindler
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly recognized that biochemical abnormalities of the joint precede radiographic abnormalities of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) by as much as decades. A growing body of evidence strongly suggests that the progression from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury to PTOA is multifactorial, involving the interplay between biomechanical disturbances and biochemical homeostasis of articular cartilage. PURPOSE: The purposes of this randomized study using an acute ACL injury model were to (1) evaluate the natural progression of inflammatory and chondrodegenerative biomarkers, (2) evaluate the relationship between subjective reports of pain and inflammatory and chondrodegenerative biomarkers, and (3) determine if postinjury arthrocentesis and corticosteroid injection offer the ability to alter this biochemical cascade...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145920/successful-treatment-of-gluteal-pain-from-obturator-internus-tendinitis-and-bursitis-with-ultrasound-guided-injection
#14
Boqing Chen, Leia Rispoli, Todd Stitik, Michelle Leong
This case report describes what the authors believe is the first case of a patient with obturator internus tendinitis and bursitis successfully treated with a corticosteroid injection using a trans-tendinous lateral to medial approach. The patient presented with right gluteal pain not relieved by physical therapy or right hip and ischial bursa corticosteroid injections. Pelvic and lumbar spine MRIs and EMG/NCS findings were unremarkable. Physical examination demonstrated tenderness to palpation at the right middle lower gluteal region...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142347/the-effectiveness-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-snapping-scapula
#15
Nihat Acar, Ahmet A Karaarslan, Ahmet Karakasli
BACKGROUND: Bursitis of the snapping scapula is commonly a misdiagnosed problem. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) has been used successfully in the treatment of many chronic inflammatory conditions. The aim of this study was to assess and compare the effectiveness of ESWT in the treatment of scapulothoracic bursitis with the outcome of corticosteroid injection. METHODS: Using the randomized controlled trials 43 patients with scapulothoracic bursitis were divided into two groups...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139290/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-hyaluronic-acid-and-corticosteroid-injections-among-patients-with-radiographically-confirmed-knee-osteoarthritis-a-retrospective-data-analysis
#16
Kate L Lapane, Shao-Hsien Liu, Catherine E Dubé, Jeffrey B Driban, Timothy E McAlindon, Charles B Eaton
PURPOSE: Despite the rapid proliferation of hyaluronate (HA) and corticosteroid (CO) injections and clinical guidelines regarding their use in osteoarthritis (OA), information on the characteristics of people receiving these injections is scarce. We describe the use of injections among adults with radiographically confirmed knee OA and identify factors associated with injection use. METHODS: We used publicly available data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI), an international collaboration sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, and included participants with ≥1 radiographically confirmed knee OA (Kellgren-Lawrence grade ≥2 [definite osteophytes and possible joint space narrowing (JSN) on anteroposterior weight-bearing radiograph]) at baseline...
January 27, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138766/-evidence-based-therapy-for-tendinopathy-of-the-knee-joint-which-forms-of-therapy-are-scientifically-proven
#17
H Horstmann, J D Clausen, C Krettek, T S Weber-Spickschen
Tendinopathy in the region of the knee joint is a common pathological disorder. People active in sports, in particular, have a high probability of suffering from tendinopathy. Despite its high clinical relevance, the level of evidence of therapy options for tendinopathy in the knee region differs greatly. This review gives an overview of current evidence levels for therapy options in tendinopathy of the quadriceps, patellar and pes anserinus insertion tendons as well as of the distal iliotibial tract tendon...
January 30, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129926/panniculitis-a-summary
#18
Mark R Wick
The diagnosis of panniculitis is felt to be a confusing topic by some pathologists. This summarical article presents inflammatory diseases of the subcutis in a systematic fashion, based on whether they are centered on fibrovascular septa or the adipose lobules, and whether morphologic vasculitis is present or not. Septocentric, non-vasculitis disorders include erythema nodosum, panniculitis that follows the use of "biological" therapeutic agents, lipodermatosclerosis, post-irradiation panniculitis, morphea profunda, and necrobiosis lipodica profunda...
December 27, 2016: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124198/laser-assisted-topical-corticosteroid-delivery-for-the-treatment-of-keloids
#19
Ji Hye Park, Ji Young Chun, Jong Hee Lee
Laser-assisted drug delivery has generated intense interest. The objectives of this study are to evaluate the clinical benefit of laser-assisted corticosteroid delivery and to compare this technique to corticosteroid intralesional injection, a standard treatment for keloids. Patients with keloids on the left shoulder after BCG vaccination were enrolled in this study. The entire lesion was first treated with an ablative fractional erbium-YAG laser. After this treatment, the lesion was divided into two halves...
January 26, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122535/accuracy-of-injection-and-short-term-pain-relief-following-intra-articular-corticosteroid-injection-in-knee-osteoarthritis-an-observational-study
#20
G Hirsch, T W O'Neill, G Kitas, A Sinha, R Klocke
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular corticosteroid injections (IACI) are effective treatments for pain in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) but treatment response varies. There is uncertainty as to whether structural factors such as accurate placement of IACI affect outcome. We examined this question in a pragmatic observational study, using ultrasound (US) to verify accuracy of IACI. METHODS: 105 subjects with KOA (mean age 63.1 years, 59% female) routinely referred for IACI underwent assessment of demographic factors, x-ray and US of the knee before aspiration and IACI (based on clinical landmarks) with 40 mg triamcinolone acetonide with lignocaine plus a small amount of atmospheric air by an independent physician...
January 26, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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