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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214341/angiopoietin-2-enhances-osteogenic-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-stem-cells
#1
Mi-Lan Kang, Eun-Ah Kim, Se-Young Jeong, Gun-Il Im
Our previous studies revealed that co-transplantation of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) and adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can enhance bone regeneration and angiogenesis. However, it is unclear which genes are involved in the regulation of osteogenesis and/or angiogenesis during the co-culturing of BMSCs and ADSCs. The expression patterns of genes associated with osteogenesis and/or angiogenesis were analyzed in osteogenesis-induced BMSCs and ADSCs using an oligonucleotide microarray. Significant difference in the expression patterns of several genes were identified from hierarchical clustering and analyzed on co-cultured BMSCs and ADSCs...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213329/thioaromatic-dna-monolayers-for-target-amplification-free-electrochemical-sensing-of-environmental-pathogenic-bacteria
#2
Rebeca Miranda-Castro, Raquel Sánchez-Salcedo, Beatriz Suárez-Álvarez, Noemí de-Los-Santos-Álvarez, Arturo J Miranda-Ordieres, María Jesús Lobo-Castañón
Genosensing technology has mostly based on mixed self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of thiol-modified oligonucleotides and alkanethiols on gold surfaces. However, the typical backfilling approach, which incorporates the alkanethiol in a second step, gives rise to a heterogeneous distribution of oligonucleotide probes on the surface, negatively affecting to both hybridization efficiency and surface stability. Despite aromatic thiols present a remarkably different behavior from alkanethiols, with higher rigidity and stronger intermolecular interactions, they have been scarcely explored for the fabrication of DNA sensing platforms...
February 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213328/an-integrated-dual-functional-recognition-amplification-bio-label-for-the-one-step-impedimetric-detection-of-micro-rna-21
#3
Sawsen Azzouzi, Wing Cheung Mak, Kamalodin Kor, Anthony P F Turner, Mounir Ben Ali, Valerio Beni
Alteration in expression of miRNAs has been correlated with different cancer types, tumour stage and response to treatments. In this context, a structurally responsive oligonucleotide-based electrochemical impedimetric biosensor has been developed for the simple and sensitive detection of miRNA-21. A highly specific biotinylated DNA/LNA molecular beacon (MB) probe was conjugated with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to create an integrated, dual function bio-label (biotin-MB-AuNPs) for both biorecognition and signal generation...
February 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213050/reduced-frequency-of-two-activating-kir-genes-in-patients-with-sepsis
#4
Luciana M Oliveira, Pamela Portela, Joice Merzoni, Juliana D Lindenau, Fernando S Dias, Jaqueline Beppler, Pietra Graebin, Clarice S Alho, Gilberto Schwartsmann, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, Luiz Fernando Jobim, Mariana Jobim, Rafael Roesler
Natural killer (NK) cell activity is regulated by activating and inhibitory signals transduced by killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR). Diversity in KIR gene repertoire among individuals may affect disease outcome. Sepsis development and severity may be influenced by genetic factors affecting the immune response. Here, we examined sixteen KIR genes and their human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class I ligands in critical patients, aiming to identify patterns that could be associated with sepsis. Male and female patients (ages ranging between 14 and 94 years-old) were included...
February 14, 2017: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212453/bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-hybridized-with-nano-anchored-oligonucleotides-on-titanium-implants-enhances-osteogenic-differentiation-in-vivo
#5
Florian Böhrnsen, Jennifer Rublack, Nelia Aeckerle, Anne Foerster, Bernd Schwenzer, Judith Reichert, Dieter Scharnweber, Henning Schliephake
PURPOSE: Previous in vitro studies have shown that DNA oligonucleotides (ODN) can be successfully used as anchor strands for the binding and retarded release of biologically active recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2). The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that rhBMP-2 bound to the surface of titanium implants through hybridization with nano-anchored ODN strands is biologically active and can enhance the induction of osteogenic markers in peri-implant bone in vivo...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210721/3-pyrene-modified-unlocked-nucleic-acids-synthesis-fluorescence-properties-and-a-surprising-stabilization-effect-on-duplexes-and-triplexes
#6
Maria Ejlersen, Niels Langkjær, Jesper Wengel
Efficient synthesis of a new 3'-O-amino-UNA monomer was developed as a scaffold for further functionalization and incorporation into oligonucleotides (ONs). Pyrene-functionalized 3'-O-amino-UNA was incorporated one, two or three times into 21-mer DNA and 2'-O-Me-RNA ONs. Duplex melting temperatures, circular dichroism (CD) spectra, steady-state fluorescence emission spectra, UV/Vis absorption spectra and triplex melting temperatures were measured for the modified duplexes. The presence of the pyrene-modified UNA monomer lead to a surprising and unprecedented thermal stabilization of especially DNA:DNA duplexes when compared to the corresponding unmodified DNA:DNA duplexes...
February 17, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209997/antisense-mir-132-blockade-via-the-ache-r-splice-variant-mitigates-cortical-inflammation
#7
Nibha Mishra, Lyndon Friedson, Geula Hanin, Uriya Bekenstein, Meshi Volovich, Estelle R Bennett, David S Greenberg, Hermona Soreq
MicroRNA (miR)-132 brain-to-body messages suppress inflammation by targeting acetylcholinesterase (AChE), but the target specificity of 3'-AChE splice variants and the signaling pathways involved remain unknown. Using surface plasmon resonance (SPR), we identified preferential miR-132 targeting of soluble AChE-R over synaptic-bound AChE-S, potentiating miR-132-mediated brain and body cholinergic suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Inversely, bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) reduced multiple miR-132 targets, suppressed AChE-S more than AChE-R and elevated inflammatory hallmarks...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209967/optimization-of-the-production-of-knock-in-alleles-by-crispr-cas9-microinjection-into-the-mouse-zygote
#8
Aurélien Raveux, Sandrine Vandormael-Pournin, Michel Cohen-Tannoudji
Microinjection of the CRISPR/Cas9 system in zygotes is an efficient and comparatively fast method to generate genetically modified mice. So far, only few knock-in mice have been generated using this approach, and because no systematic study has been performed, parameters controlling the efficacy of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated targeted insertion are not fully established. Here, we evaluated the effect of several parameters on knock-in efficiency changing only one variable at a time. We found that knock-in efficiency was dependent on injected Cas9 mRNA and single-guide RNA concentrations and that cytoplasmic injection resulted in more genotypic complexity compared to pronuclear injection...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209057/saturated-fatty-acid-analogues-of-cell-penetrating-peptide-pepfect14-role-of-fatty-acid-modification-in-complexation-and-delivery-of-splice-correcting-oligonucleotides
#9
Tõnis Lehto, Luis Vasconcelos, Helerin Margus, Ricardo Figueroa, Margus Pooga, Mattias Hällbrink, Ulo Langel
Modifying cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) with fatty acids has long been used to improve peptide-mediated nucleic acid delivery. In this study we have revisited this phenomenon with a systematic approach where we developed a structure-activity relationship to describe the role of the acyl chain length in the transfection process. For that we took a well-studied CPP, PepFect14, as the basis and varied its N-terminal acyl chain length from 2 to 22 carbons. To evaluate the delivery efficiency, the peptides were non-covalently complexed with a splice-correcting oligonucleotide (SCO) and tested in the HeLa pLuc705 reporter cell line...
February 17, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208626/2-o-methyl-rna-ethylene-bridged-nucleic-acid-chimera-antisense-oligonucleotides-to-induce-dystrophin-exon-45-skipping
#10
REVIEW
Tomoko Lee, Hiroyuki Awano, Mariko Yagi, Masaaki Matsumoto, Nobuaki Watanabe, Ryoya Goda, Makoto Koizumi, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Masafumi Matsuo
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a fatal muscle-wasting disease characterized by dystrophin deficiency from mutations in the dystrophin gene. Antisense oligonucleotide (AO)-mediated exon skipping targets restoration of the dystrophin reading frame to allow production of an internally deleted dystrophin protein with functional benefit for DMD patients who have out-of-frame deletions. After accelerated US approval of eteplirsen (Exondys 51), which targets dystrophin exon 51 for skipping, efforts are now focused on targeting other exons...
February 10, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208106/the-impact-of-ion-pairing-reagents-on-the-selectivity-and-sensitivity-in-the-analysis-of-modified-oligonucleotides-in-serum-samples-by-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#11
Sylwia Studzińska, Rafał Rola, Bogusław Buszewski
Present study highlights the usage of various ion-pairing agents and their impact on the process of separation and ionization of oligonucleotides in the fortified human serum samples. What is more, retention studies involved different stationary phases, including: octadecyl, phenyl, pentafluorophenyl groups and ligands with embedded polar groups. It was proved that retention of oligonucleotides strongly depends on the alkyl chain branching in the structure of ion pairing reagent. Furthermore ion-pairing agents build of straight alkyl chain are more easily adsorbed on the stationary phase modified with octadecyl groups, while branching of alkyl chain caused more effective adsorption of studied compounds at phenyl groups compared to octadecyl ones...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205102/a-simple-portable-electrochemical-biosensor-to-screen-shellfish-for-vibrio-parahaemolyticus
#12
Noordiana Nordin, Nor Azah Yusof, Jaafar Abdullah, Son Radu, Roozbeh Hushiarian
An earlier electrochemical mechanism of DNA detection was adapted and specified for the detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in real samples. The reader, based on a screen printed carbon electrode, was modified with polylactide-stabilized gold nanoparticles and methylene blue was employed as the redox indicator. Detection was assessed using a microprocessor to measure current response under controlled potential. The fabricated sensor was able to specifically distinguish complementary, non-complementary and mismatched oligonucleotides...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202391/the-efficacy-of-cardiac-anti-mir-208a-therapy-is-stress-dependent
#13
Joep E C Eding, Charlotte J Demkes, Joshua M Lynch, Anita G Seto, Rusty L Montgomery, Hillary M Semus, Aimee L Jackson, Marc Isabelle, Stefano Chimenti, Eva van Rooij
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of biology and disease. Recent animal efficacy studies validate the therapeutic benefit of miRNA modulation and underscore the therapeutic value of miRNA-targeting oligonucleotides. However, whether disease conditions (stress) influence the pharmacological effects of an anti-miR is currently unknown. To study the effect of disease on target regulation after anti-miR treatment, we injected animals with anti-miR-208a, a synthetic oligonucleotide that inhibits the cardiomyocyte-specific miR-208a...
February 12, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199775/a-photoregulated-dna-based-rotary-system-and-direct-observation-of-its-rotational-movement
#14
Yangyang Yang, Ryu Tashiro, Yuki Suzuki, Tomoko Emura, Kumi Hidaka, Hiroshi Sugiyama, Masayuki Endo
Various DNA-based nanodevices have been developed on the nanometer scale using light as regulation input. However, the programmed controllability is still a major challenge for these artificial nanodevices. Herein, we demonstrate a rotary DNA nanostructure in which the rotations are controlled by light. A bar-shaped DNA rotor, fabricated as a stiff double-crossover molecule, was placed on the top of a rectangular DNA tile. The photoresponsive oligonucleotides modified with azobenzenes were employed as switching motifs to release/trap the rotor at specific angular position on DNA tile by switching photoirradiations between ultraviolet and visible light...
February 15, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199413/low-prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-the-northwest-region-of-the-philippines
#15
Pia Marie Albano, Dana Holzinger, Christianne Salvador, Jose Orosa, Sheryl Racelis, Modesty Leaño, Danilo Sanchez, Lara Mae Angeles, Gordana Halec, Markus Schmitt, John Donnie Ramos, Michael Pawlita
BACKGROUND: Geographic heterogeneity of human papillomavirus (HPV) involvement in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has been observed over the last few years. This trend has not been evaluated in the Philippines. Hence, this study aims to provide for the first time a data on the prevalence of HPV in HNSCC in the northwestern region of the Philippines. METHODS: Two hundred one (201) biopsy samples (179 formalin fixed paraffin embedded and 22 fresh frozen) from 163 Filipino HNSCC cases (oral cavity = 88; larynx = 60; oropharynx = 15) diagnosed between 2003 to 2013 were initially included in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199055/photo-induced-click-chemistry-for-dna-surface-structuring-via-direct-laser-writing
#16
Ljiljana Fruk, Antonina Kerbs, Patrick Mueller, Michael Kaupp, Ishtiaq Ahmed, Alexander S Quick, Doris Abt, Martin Wegener, Christof M Niemeyer, Christopher Barner-Kowollik
Oligonucleotides containing photo-caged dienes were prepared and shown to react quantitatively in a light-induced Diels-Alder cycloaddition with functional maleimides in aqueous solution within minutes. Due to its high yield and fast rate, the reaction was exploited for DNA surface patterning with sub-micrometer resolution employing direct laser writing (DLW). Functional DNA arrays were written via direct laser writing (DLW) in variable patterns, which were further encoded with fluorophores and proteins through DNA directed immobilisation...
February 15, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196650/protective-role-of-p53-in-acetaminophen-hepatotoxicity
#17
Yazhen Huo, Shutao Yin, Mingzhu Yan, Sanda Win, Tin Aung Than, Mariam Aghajan, Hongbo Hu, Neil Kaplowitz
p53 is a tumor suppressor with a pro-death role in many conditions. However, in some contexts, evidence supports a pro-survival function. p53 has been shown to be activated in acetaminophen (APAP) toxicity but the impact of this on toxicity is uncertain. In the present study, we have found that p53 plays a protective role in APAP-induced liver injury. We inhibited p53 using three different approaches in mice, pifithrin-α (PFTα), knockdown of p53 expression with antisense oligonucleotide, and p53 knockout...
February 11, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195414/silver-mediated-base-pairs-in-dna-incorporating-purines-7-deazapurines-and-8-aza-7-deazapurines-the-impact-of-reduced-nucleobase-binding-sites-and-altered-glycosylation-position
#18
Frank Seela, Hang Zhao, Peter Leonard, Xiurong Guo, Haozhe Yang
Formation of silver-mediated DNA was studied with oligonucleotides incorporating 8-aza-7-deazapurine, 7-deazapurine and purine nucleosides. The investigation was performed on non self-complementary duplexes with one or two modifications and self-complementary duplexes with an alternating dA-dT motif. Homo base pairs as well as base pair mismatches of dA analogues with dC and Watson-Crick pairs with dT were studied by stoichiometric silver ion titration and Tm measurements. N8-Glycosylated 8-aza-7-deazaadenine forms silver ion mediated base pairs capturing two silver ions (low silver content) while regularly glycosylated 8-aza-7-deazapurine, c7Ad and dA do not form...
February 13, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193854/gene-activation-of-smn-by-selective-disruption-of-lncrna-mediated-recruitment-of-prc2-for-the-treatment-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy
#19
Caroline J Woo, Verena K Maier, Roshni Davey, James Brennan, Guangde Li, John Brothers, Brian Schwartz, Susana Gordo, Anne Kasper, Trevor R Okamoto, Hans E Johansson, Berhan Mandefro, Dhruv Sareen, Peter Bialek, B Nelson Chau, Balkrishen Bhat, David Bullough, James Barsoum
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor neuron loss and caused by mutations in SMN1 (Survival Motor Neuron 1). The disease severity inversely correlates with the copy number of SMN2, a duplicated gene that is nearly identical to SMN1. We have delineated a mechanism of transcriptional regulation in the SMN2 locus. A previously uncharacterized long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), SMN-antisense 1 (SMN-AS1), represses SMN2 expression by recruiting the Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) to its locus...
February 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193768/exploiting-the-p53-pathway-for-therapy
#20
Chit Fang Cheok, David Philip Lane
The excitement around the entry into the clinic of the first generation of p53-specific drugs has become muted as the hoped-for dramatic clinical responses have not yet been seen. However, these pioneer molecules have become exceptionally powerful tools in the analysis of the p53 pathway and, as a result, a whole spectrum of new interventions are being explored. These include entirely novel and innovative approaches to drug discovery, such as the use of exon-skipping antisense oligonucleotides and T-cell-receptor-based molecules...
February 13, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
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