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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147787/a-lower-eicosapentaenoic-acid-arachidonic-acid-ratio-is-associated-with-in-hospital-fatal-arrhythmic-events-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-j-minuet-substudy
#1
Takuya Hashimoto, Junya Ako, Koichi Nakao, Yukio Ozaki, Kazuo Kimura, Teruo Noguchi, Satoshi Yasuda, Satoru Suwa, Kazuteru Fujimoto, Yasuharu Nakama, Takashi Morita, Wataru Shimizu, Yoshihiko Saito, Atsushi Hirohata, Yasuhiro Morita, Teruo Inoue, Atsunori Okamura, Masaaki Uematsu, Kazuhito Hirata, Kengo Tanabe, Yoshisato Shibata, Mafumi Owa, Kenichi Tsujita, Hiroshi Funayama, Nobuaki Kokubu, Ken Kozuma, Shirou Uemura, Tetsuya Toubaru, Keijirou Saku, Shigeru Ohshima, Michikazu Nakai, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Hisao Ogawa, Masaharu Ishihara
The ratio of serum eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) to arachidonic acid (AA) is significantly associated with long-term clinical outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, it has not been conclusively demonstrated that higher serum EPA/AA ratio fares better clinical outcomes in the early phase of AMI. The Japanese registry of acute Myocardial INfarction diagnosed by Universal dEfiniTion (J-MINUET) is a prospective multicenter registry conducted in 28 Japanese medical institutions between July 2012 and March 2014...
November 16, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145313/the-importance-of-family-caregiving-to-achieving-palliative-care-at-home-a-case-report-of-end-of-life-breast-cancer-in-an-area-struck-by-the-2011-fukushima-nuclear-crisis-a-case-report
#2
Akihiko Ozaki, Masaharu Tsubokura, Claire Leppold, Toyoaki Sawano, Manabu Tsukada, Tsuyoshi Nemoto, Kazuhiro Kosugi, Yoshitaka Nishikawa, Shigeaki Kato, Hiromichi Ohira
RATIONALE: The primary setting of palliative care has shifted from inpatient care to patients' residences. Family caregiving is essential for patients with life-limiting illnesses to receive palliative care at home, however little information is available regarding potential interventions to achieve palliative homecare for those without sufficient support from family members in various settings, including disasters. PATIENT CONCERNS: In March 2011, Fukushima, Japan experienced an earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142523/steroid-refractory-extensive-enteritis-complicated-by-ulcerative-colitis-successfully-treated-with-adalimumab
#3
Shinji Okabayashi, Taku Kobayashi, Tomohisa Sujino, Ryo Ozaki, Satoko Umeda, Takahiko Toyonaga, Eiko Saito, Masaru Nakano, Maria Carla Tablante, Shojiroh Morinaga, Toshifumi Hibi
Extracolonic involvement of the gastrointestinal tract is extremely uncommon in ulcerative colitis (UC) and rarely found in the upper gastrointestinal tract or in postoperative cases since it typically responds to steroids. Here we report a case of UC complicated by extensive ileal inflammation that was refractory to steroids. A 20-year-old man was diagnosed with UC of typical pancolitis without ileal involvement and started treatment with pH-dependent mesalazine and oral prednisolone. Although his symptoms transiently resolved, the condition flared when the steroid dose was tapered down...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142192/successful-post-transplant-psychiatric-interventions-during-long-term-follow-up-of-patients-receiving-liver-transplants-for-alcoholic-liver-disease
#4
Hiroyuki Kimura, Yasuharu Onishi, Shinichi Kishi, Nobuhiko Kurata, Satoshi Ogiso, Hideya Kamei, Chisato Tsuboi, Naoko Yamaguchi, Azusa Shiga, Mai Kondo, Yushun Yokoyama, Fumika Takasato, Hiroshige Fujishiro, Kanako Ishizuka, Takashi Okada, Yasuhiro Ogura, Norio Ozaki
BACKGROUND Around 20-30% of patients who undergo liver transplantation (LT) for alcoholic liver disease (ALD) will resume heavy drinking after LT. It is crucial to control post-transplant relapse of alcohol use, because alcoholic recidivism has been shown to have a negative impact on post-transplant compliance and long-term outcomes of LT recipients. However, there is currently no specific, effective psychiatric intervention for preventing additional alcohol consumption in clinical practice. CASE REPORT We present 3 patients who underwent LT for ALD at Nagoya University Hospital who were followed up for prolonged periods (7...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129814/zinc-deficiency-promotes-cystitis-related-bladder-pain-by-enhancing-function-and-expression-of-cav3-2-in-mice
#5
Tomoka Ozaki, Junki Matsuoka, Maho Tsubota, Shiori Tomita, Fumiko Sekiguchi, Takeshi Minami, Atsufumi Kawabata
Cav3.2 T-type Ca(2+) channel activity is suppressed by zinc that binds to the extracellular histidine-191 of Cav3.2, and enhanced by H2S that interacts with zinc. Cav3.2 in nociceptors is upregulated in an activity-dependent manner. The enhanced Cav3.2 activity by H2S formed by the upregulated cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) is involved in the cyclophosphamide (CPA)-induced cystitis-related bladder pain in mice. We thus asked if zinc deficiency affects the cystitis-related bladder pain in mice by altering Cav3...
November 9, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127523/identification-of-quantitative-trait-loci-for-resistance-to-rsivd-in-red-sea-bream-pagrus-major
#6
Eitaro Sawayama, Shiho Tanizawa, Shin-Ichi Kitamura, Kei Nakayama, Kohei Ohta, Akiyuki Ozaki, Motohiro Takagi
Red sea bream iridoviral disease (RSIVD) is a major viral disease in red sea bream farming in Japan. Previously, we identified one candidate male individual of red sea bream that was significantly associated with convalescent individuals after RSIVD. The purpose of this study is to identify the quantitative trait loci (QTL) linked to the RSIVD-resistant trait for future marker-assisted selection (MAS). Two test families were developed using the candidate male in 2014 (Fam-2014) and 2015 (Fam-2015). These test families were challenged with RSIV, and phenotypes were evaluated...
November 10, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126171/copy-number-variant-in-the-region-of-adenosine-kinase-adk-and-its-possible-contribution-to-schizophrenia-susceptibility
#7
Hiroki Kimura, Itaru Kushima, Akira Yohimi, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki
Background: Adenosine kinase (ADK) is supposed to be a schizophrenia (SCZ) susceptibility gene based on the findings that ADK is an enzyme that catalyzes transfer of the gamma-phosphate from ATP to adenosine, which interacts with dopamine and glutamate, neurotransmitters. However, no reports of SCZ cases with loss of function variants in the ADK region have been published. In our previous study investigating copy number variants (CNV) in SCZ, we detected a CNV in the ADK region in one of 1699 SCZ patients...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121268/association-of-polygenic-score-for-schizophrenia-and-hla-antigen-and-inflammation-genes-with-response-to-lithium-in-bipolar-affective-disorder-a-genome-wide-association-study
#8
Azmeraw T Amare, Klaus Oliver Schubert, Liping Hou, Scott R Clark, Sergi Papiol, Urs Heilbronner, Franziska Degenhardt, Fasil Tekola-Ayele, Yi-Hsiang Hsu, Tatyana Shekhtman, Mazda Adli, Nirmala Akula, Kazufumi Akiyama, Raffaella Ardau, Bárbara Arias, Jean-Michel Aubry, Lena Backlund, Abesh Kumar Bhattacharjee, Frank Bellivier, Antonio Benabarre, Susanne Bengesser, Joanna M Biernacka, Armin Birner, Clara Brichant-Petitjean, Pablo Cervantes, Hsi-Chung Chen, Caterina Chillotti, Sven Cichon, Cristiana Cruceanu, Piotr M Czerski, Nina Dalkner, Alexandre Dayer, Maria Del Zompo, J Raymond DePaulo, Bruno Étain, Peter Falkai, Andreas J Forstner, Louise Frisen, Mark A Frye, Janice M Fullerton, Sébastien Gard, Julie S Garnham, Fernando S Goes, Maria Grigoroiu-Serbanescu, Paul Grof, Ryota Hashimoto, Joanna Hauser, Stefan Herms, Per Hoffmann, Andrea Hofmann, Stephane Jamain, Esther Jiménez, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Layla Kassem, Po-Hsiu Kuo, Tadafumi Kato, John Kelsoe, Sarah Kittel-Schneider, Sebastian Kliwicki, Barbara König, Ichiro Kusumi, Gonzalo Laje, Mikael Landén, Catharina Lavebratt, Marion Leboyer, Susan G Leckband, Alfonso Tortorella, Mirko Manchia, Lina Martinsson, Michael J McCarthy, Susan McElroy, Francesc Colom, Marina Mitjans, Francis M Mondimore, Palmiero Monteleone, Caroline M Nievergelt, Markus M Nöthen, Tomas Novák, Claire O'Donovan, Norio Ozaki, Urban Ösby, Andrea Pfennig, James B Potash, Andreas Reif, Eva Reininghaus, Guy A Rouleau, Janusz K Rybakowski, Martin Schalling, Peter R Schofield, Barbara W Schweizer, Giovanni Severino, Paul D Shilling, Katzutaka Shimoda, Christian Simhandl, Claire M Slaney, Alessio Squassina, Thomas Stamm, Pavla Stopkova, Mario Maj, Gustavo Turecki, Eduard Vieta, Julia Volkert, Stephanie Witt, Adam Wright, Peter P Zandi, Philip B Mitchell, Michael Bauer, Martin Alda, Marcella Rietschel, Francis J McMahon, Thomas G Schulze, Bernhard T Baune
Importance: Lithium is a first-line mood stabilizer for the treatment of bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). However, the efficacy of lithium varies widely, with a nonresponse rate of up to 30%. Biological response markers are lacking. Genetic factors are thought to mediate treatment response to lithium, and there is a previously reported genetic overlap between BPAD and schizophrenia (SCZ). Objectives: To test whether a polygenic score for SCZ is associated with treatment response to lithium in BPAD and to explore the potential molecular underpinnings of this association...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119214/safety-and-efficacy-of-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-for-tachyarrhythmia-in-children-weighing-less-than-10%C3%A2-kg
#9
Noriyasu Ozaki, Yoshihide Nakamura, Tsugutoshi Suzuki, Jun Yoshimoto, Keiko Toyohara, Hitoo Fukuhara, Hiroshi Katayama, Kanta Kishi, Yutaka Odanaka, Hiroshi Tamai
An increasing number of children are undergoing radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) for tachyarrhythmia. However, infants and toddlers undergoing RFCA are often resistant to medication or need to eliminate arrhythmia substrate, and the risks of RFCA complications are still high in infants and toddlers. From April 2008 and December 2016, 285 children who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) were stratified according to body weight (group A, less than 10 kg, n = 22; group B, over 10 kg, n = 263) and the clinical features of RFCA were retrospectively reviewed in these groups...
November 8, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116626/unclassified-hepatocellular-adenoma-in-a-middle-aged-woman-with-glucose-intolerance
#10
Kumi Ozaki, Kenichi Harada, Toru Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Aoyagi, Yasuharu Kaizaki, Jun Yoshikawa
The patient was a 43-year-old woman with obesity (body mass index: 29.1) and glucose intolerance who was not taking oral contraceptives. An ultrasound showed a hypoechoic hepatic mass. Dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a lesion in segment 6 that showed homogeneous and slight-to-moderate enhancement in the arterial phase with persistent enhancement during the portal and equilibrium phases. On magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, the lesion demonstrated hyperintensity on T2- and diffusion-weighted images and hypointensity in the hepatobiliary phase of gadoxetic-acid-enhanced MR imaging...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116191/histone-methyltransferase-g9a-is-a-key-regulator-of-the-starvation-induced-behaviors-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#11
Kouhei Shimaji, Ryo Tanaka, Toru Maeda, Mamiko Ozaki, Hideki Yoshida, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Tetsuya Sato, Mikita Suyama, Masamitsu Yamaguchi
Organisms have developed behavioral strategies to defend themselves from starvation stress. Despite of their importance in nature, the underlying mechanisms have been poorly understood. Here, we show that Drosophila G9a (dG9a), one of the histone H3 Lys 9-specific histone methyltransferases, functions as a key regulator for the starvation-induced behaviors. RNA-sequencing analyses utilizing dG9a null mutant flies revealed that the expression of some genes relating to gustatory perception are regulated by dG9a under starvation conditions...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116117/circulating-microrna-92b-3p-as-a-novel-biomarker-for-monitoring-of-synovial-sarcoma
#12
Koji Uotani, Tomohiro Fujiwara, Aki Yoshida, Shintaro Iwata, Takuya Morita, Masahiro Kiyono, Suguru Yokoo, Toshiyuki Kunisada, Ken Takeda, Joe Hasei, Kunihiko Numoto, Yutaka Nezu, Tsukasa Yonemoto, Takeshi Ishii, Akira Kawai, Takahiro Ochiya, Toshifumi Ozaki
The lack of useful biomarkers is a crucial problem for patients with soft tissue sarcomas (STSs). Emerging evidence has suggested that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in body fluids have novel impact as biomarkers for patients with malignant diseases, but their significance in synovial sarcoma (SS) patients remains unknown. Initial global miRNA screening using SS patient serum and SS cell culture media identified a signature of four upregulated miRNAs. Among these candidates, miR-92b-3p secretion from SS cells was confirmed, which was embedded within tumour-derived exosomes rather than argonaute-2...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114925/possible-involvement-of-a-cell-adhesion-molecule-migfilin-in-brain-development-and-pathogenesis-of-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Kanako Ishizuka, Hidenori Tabata, Hidenori Ito, Itaru Kushima, Mariko Noda, Akira Yoshimi, Masahide Usami, Kyota Watanabe, Mako Morikawa, Yota Uno, Takashi Okada, Daisuke Mori, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki, Koh-Ichi Nagata
Migfilin, encoded by FBLIM1 at the 1p36 locus, is a multi-domain adaptor protein essential for various cellular processes such as cell morphology and migration. Small deletions and duplications at the 1p36 locus, monosomy of which results in neurodevelopmental disorders and multiple congenital anomalies, have also been identified in patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the impact of FBLIM1, the gene within 1p36, on the pathogenesis of ASD is unknown. In this study, we performed morphological analyses of migfilin to elucidate its role in brain development...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112298/mef2c-mrna-expression-and-cognitive-function-in-japanese-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Tomoko Sao, Yuta Yoshino, Kiyohiro Yamazaki, Yuki Ozaki, Yoko Mori, Shinichiro Ochi, Taku Yoshida, Takaaki Mori, Jun-Ichi Iga, Shu-Ichi Ueno
AIM: Despite continuing research into Alzheimer's disease (AD), its pathological mechanisms and modulating factors remain unknown. Several genes influence AD pathogenesis by affecting inflammatory pathways. Myocyte enhancer factor 2C (MEF2C) is one such candidate gene for AD. METHODS: We examined MEF2C mRNA expression levels and methylation rates of CpGs on its promoter region in peripheral leukocytes from Japanese AD patients compared with age- and sex-matched control subjects...
November 7, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111367/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-novel-radioiodinated-benzimidazole-derivatives-for-imaging-%C3%AE-synuclein-aggregates
#15
Hiroyuki Watanabe, Taisuke Ariyoshi, Akihiko Ozaki, Masafumi Ihara, Masahiro Ono, Hideo Saji
α-Synuclein (α-syn) aggregates are commonly found in the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and some other diseases. Therefore, in vivo imaging of α-syn aggregates would aid in drug development, early diagnosis, and monitoring of disease status. In order to develop imaging probes targeting α-syn aggregates, we synthesized and evaluated three novel radioiodinated benzimidazole (BI) derivatives for selective imaging of α-syn aggregates. In binding experiments, BI-2 exhibited the highest selective binding affinity for α-syn aggregates among the BI derivatives...
October 14, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111202/intestinal-fructose-malabsorption-is-associated-with-increased-lactulose-fermentation-in-the-intestinal-lumen-of-patients-with-abdominal-pain
#16
Roberto Koity Fujihara Ozaki, Patrícia da Graça Leite Speridião, Ana Cristina Fontenele Soares, Mauro Batista de Morais
OBJECTIVE: To study fructose malabsorption in children and adolescents with abdominal pain associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders. As an additional objective, the association between intestinal fructose malabsorption and food intake, including the estimated fructose consumption, weight, height, and lactulose fermentability were also studied. METHODS: The study included 31 patients with abdominal pain (11 with functional dyspepsia, 10 with irritable bowel syndrome, and 10 with functional abdominal pain)...
October 28, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111027/sequence-configuration-of-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-8-repeat-expansions-in-a-japanese-cohort-of-797-ataxia-subjects
#17
Yajun Hu, Yuji Hashimoto, Takashi Ishii, Mamut Rayle, Kazumasa Soga, Nozomu Sato, Michi Okita, Miwa Higashi, Kokoro Ozaki, Hidehiro Mizusawa, Kinya Ishikawa, Takanori Yokota
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 (SCA8), an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder showing slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia, is caused by a tri-nucleotide CTG repeat expansion (CTGexp) in the SCA8 gene. As the CTGexp is not fully penetrant, the significance of screening CTGexp in ataxia subjects remains obscure. We tested SCA8 CTGexp in a cohort of 797 ataxia subjects, and if present, its sequence configuration was analyzed. CTGexp was found in 16 alleles from 14 individuals, 2 of which was homozygous for CTGexp...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110090/assessing-the-economic-advantage-of-laparoscopic-vs-open-approaches-for-colorectal-cancer-by-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#18
Hiromitsu Hayashi, Nobuyuki Ozaki, Katsuhiro Ogawa, Yoshiaki Ikuta, Hideyuki Tanaka, Kenichi Ogata, Koichi Doi, Hiroshi Takamori
PURPOSES: This study investigated the surgical outcomes and potential economic advantage of open vs. laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer using a propensity score matching analysis. METHODS: We examined the surgical and economic outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic (N = 127) and open surgery (N = 253) for colorectal cancer and then compared these outcomes in two groups (N = 103 each) using a propensity score matching analysis. RESULTS: Compared to open surgery, the laparoscopic approach was associated with a significantly lower overall morbidity rate (14 vs...
November 7, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105852/frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-due-to-p301l-tau-mutation-showing-apathy-and-severe-frontal-atrophy-but-lacking-other-behavioral-changes-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Tomoko Miki, Osamu Yokota, Shintaro Takenoshita, Yoko Mori, Kiyohiro Yamazaki, Yuki Ozaki, Shu-Ichi Ueno, Takashi Haraguchi, Hideki Ishizu, Shigetoshi Kuroda, Seishi Terada, Norihito Yamada
The clinical features in cases that have mutations in the microtubule-associated protein tau gene but lack prominent behavioral changes remain unclear. Here, we describe detailed clinical and pathological features of a case carrying the P301L tau mutation that showed only apathy until the middle stage of the course. The mother of this case was suspected to have mild cognitive decline at age 46. However, before she was fully examined, she had a subarachnoid hemorrhage at age 49 and died at age 53. An autopsy was not done...
November 6, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101349/t-cells-upon-activation-promote-endothelin-1-production-in-monocytes-via-ifn-%C3%AE-and-tnf-%C3%AE
#20
Shoshi Shinagawa, Takahiro Okazaki, Mari Ikeda, Kazuo Yudoh, Yaz Y Kisanuki, Masashi Yanagisawa, Kimito Kawahata, Shoichi Ozaki
Endothelin 1 (ET-1), mainly produced from vascular endothelial cells, induces vasoconstriction in physiological conditions. The endothelin receptor antagonist is among the most effective agents for pulmonary hypertension. However, little is known about the production source of ET-1 in inflammation and immunity. Here, we studied whether T cell-mediated ET-1 production system exists and operates independent of the production system in vascular endothelial cells. ET-1 production was readily detectable in the culture supernatant of human PBMCs and murine spleen cells stimulated with anti-CD3 antibody...
November 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
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