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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425775/academic-outcomes-of-multilingual-children-in-australia
#1
Meredith O'Connor, Elodie O'Connor, Joanne Tarasuik, Sarah Gray, Amanda Kvalsvig, Sharon Goldfeld
PURPOSE: The Australian educational system is increasingly challenged to meet the needs of multilingual students, who comprise a fifth of the student population. Within the context of a monolingual English curriculum, multilingual children who enter school not yet English proficient may be at risk of experiencing inequitable educational outcomes. METHOD: We examined the relationship between the timing of multilingual children's acquisition of receptive English vocabulary skills and subsequent reading and numeracy outcomes, as well as factors associated with earlier versus later timing of acquisition...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411070/development-and-initial-testing-of-the-flow-instrument-a-novel-assessment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-men
#2
Kelvin A Moses, Daniel Heslop, Derek M Griffith, Arturo Holmes, Lisa Sherden, Consuelo H Wilkins, Kenneth A Wallston
PURPOSE: To develop a method of assessing lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) regardless of literacy/numeracy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We convened focus groups and developed a questionnaire based on four identified domains of urinary function: Frequency, Incontinence (Leakage), Nocturia (Overnight voiding), and Weak stream (FLOW). We pilot tested the novel questionnaire in 64 men and performed quantitative analysis to determine internal consistency. Criterion validity was established via direct comparison to the American Urological Association Symptom Score (AUA-SS) in a larger cohort of 161 men...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398836/providing-quantitative-information-and-a-nudge-to-undergo-stool-testing-in-a-colorectal-cancer-screening-decision-aid
#3
Peter H Schwartz, Susan M Perkins, Karen K Schmidt, Paul F Muriello, Sandra Althouse, Susan M Rawl
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend that patient decision aids should provide quantitative information about probabilities of potential outcomes, but the impact of this information is unknown. Behavioral economics suggests that patients confused by quantitative information could benefit from a "nudge" towards one option. We conducted a pilot randomized trial to estimate the effect sizes of presenting quantitative information and a nudge. METHODS: Primary care patients (n = 213) eligible for colorectal cancer screening viewed basic screening information and were randomized to view (a) quantitative information (quantitative module), (b) a nudge towards stool testing with the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) (nudge module), (c) neither a nor b, or (d) both a and b...
March 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363917/funnel-plots-and-choropleth-maps-in-cancer-risk-communication-a-comparison-of-tools-for-disseminating-population-based-incidence-data-to-stakeholders
#4
Walter Mazzucco, Rosanna Cusimano, Maurizio Zarcone, Sergio Mazzola, Francesco Vitale
BACKGROUND: Population-based cancer registries provide epidemiological cancer information, but the indicators are often too complex to be interpreted by local authorities and communities, due to numeracy and literacy limitations. The aim of this paper is to compare the commonly used visual formats to funnel plots to enable local public health authorities and communities to access valid and understandable cancer incidence data obtained at the municipal level. METHODS: A funnel plot representation of standardised incidence ratio (SIR) was generated for the 82 municipalities of the Palermo Province with the 2003-2011 data from the Palermo Province Cancer Registry (Sicily, Italy)...
March 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347856/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-designing-and-evaluating-electronic-medical-record-portal-messages-that-support-patient-self-care
#5
Daniel Morrow, Mark Hasegawa-Johnson, Thomas Huang, William Schuh, Renato Ferreira Leitão Azevedo, Kuangxiao Gu, Yang Zhang, Bidisha Roy, Rocio Garcia-Retamero
We describe a project intended to improve the use of Electronic Medical Record (EMR) patient portal information by older adults with diverse numeracy and literacy abilities, so that portals can better support patient-centered care. Patient portals are intended to bridge patients and providers by ensuring patients have continuous access to their health information and services. However, they are underutilized, especially by older adults with low health literacy, because they often function more as information repositories than as tools to engage patients...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329896/characterizing-literacy-and-cognitive-function-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum
#6
Lynn M Yee, Leslie A Kamel, Zara Quader, Priya V Rajan, Shaneah M Taylor, Rachel O'Conor, Michael S Wolf, Melissa A Simon
Objective The objective of this study was to characterize health literacy and cognitive function in a diverse cohort of pregnant women. Methods Pregnant and postpartum women underwent in-depth assessments of health literacy/numeracy and the cognitive domains of verbal ability, working memory, long-term memory, processing speed, and inductive reasoning. Differences by demographic characteristics and gestational age were assessed using chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression. Results In this cohort of pregnant (N = 77) or postpartum (N = 24) women, 41...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301541/contextual-explanations-for-numeracy-and-literacy-skill-disparities-between-native-and-foreign-born-adults-in-western-countries
#7
Mark Levels, Jaap Dronkers, Christopher Jencks
Using new direct measures of numeracy and literacy skills among 85,875 adults in 17 Western countries, we find that foreign-born adults have lower mean skills than native-born adults of the same age (16 to 64) in all of the examined countries. The gaps are small, and vary substantially between countries. Multilevel models reveal that immigrant populations' demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, employment, and language proficiency explain about half of the cross-national variance of numeracy and literacy skills gaps...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294299/the-contribution-of-parent-child-numeracy-activities-to-young-chinese-children-s-mathematical-ability
#8
Qi Huang, Xiao Zhang, Yingyi Liu, Wen Yang, Zhanmei Song
BACKGROUND: A growing body of recent research has shown that parent-child mathematical activities have a strong effect on children's mathematical learning. However, this research was conducted predominantly in Western societies and focused mainly on mothers' involvement in such activities. AIMS: This study aimed to examine both mother-child and father-child numeracy activities in Hong Kong Chinese families and both parents' unique roles in predicting young Chinese children's mathematics ability...
March 12, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257246/impact-of-attention-training-on-academic-achievement-executive-functioning-and-behavior-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Hannah Kirk, Kylie Gray, Kirsten Ellis, John Taffe, Kim Cornish
Children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) experience significant difficulties in attention, learning, executive functions, and behavioral regulation. Emerging evidence suggests that computerized cognitive training may remediate these impairments. In a double blind controlled trial, 76 children with IDD (4-11 years) were randomized to either an attention training (n = 38) or control program (n = 38). Both programs were completed at home over a 5-week period. Outcome measures assessed literacy, numeracy, executive functioning, and behavioral/emotional problems, and were conducted at baseline, post-training, and 3-month follow-up...
March 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213606/parental-health-literacy-and-outcomes-of-childhood-nephrotic-syndrome
#10
Karlota Borges, Cathryn Sibbald, Neesha Hussain-Shamsy, Jovanka Vasilevska-Ristovska, Tonny Banh, Viral Patel, Josefina Brooke, Monica Piekut, Michele Reddon, Kimberly Aitken-Menezes, Ashley McNaughton, Rachel J Pearl, Valerie Langlois, Seetha Radhakrishnan, Christoph P B Licht, Tino D Piscione, Leo Levin, Damien Noone, Diane Hebert, Rulan S Parekh
OBJECTIVE: Determine the association of parental health literacy with treatment response among children with nephrotic syndrome. METHODS: This was a cohort study of children aged 1-18 with nephrotic syndrome and their parent. Health literacy was measured using the validated Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults assessing reading comprehension and numeracy. Outcomes included initial relapse-free period, frequently relapsing disease, relapse rate, second-line medication use, and complete remission after therapy...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192674/designing-visual-aids-that-promote-risk-literacy
#11
Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Edward T Cokely
Background Effective risk communication is essential for informed decision making. Unfortunately, many people struggle to understand typical risk communications because they lack essential decision-making skills. Objective The aim of this study was to review the literature on the effect of numeracy on risk literacy, decision making, and health outcomes, and to evaluate the benefits of visual aids in risk communication. Method We present a conceptual framework describing the influence of numeracy on risk literacy, decision making, and health outcomes, followed by a systematic review of the benefits of visual aids in risk communication for people with different levels of numeracy and graph literacy...
February 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156668/who-chooses-palliative-chemotherapy-when-a-cure-is-possible-results-of-a-risk-tolerance-survey-of-laypersons
#12
Karen Scherr, Annabel Wang, Monica Lemmon, Peter A Ubel
35 Background: Many patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) face a difficult choice about whether to receive palliative chemotherapy or high-dose, potentially-curative chemotherapy that poses a risk of early death. How people weigh these factors in decision-making is unknown. We hypothesized that the possibility of cure primarily drives decision-making, regardless of treatment risk. METHODS: We designed an electronic survey describing two treatment paths: (1) high-dose chemotherapy with possibility of cure but a 10% risk of early death, and (2) palliative chemotherapy with no chance of cure but no risk of early death...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154109/gestational-age-and-school-achievement-a-population-study
#13
Amelia K Searle, Lisa G Smithers, Catherine R Chittleborough, Tess A Gregory, John W Lynch
OBJECTIVE: Academic achievement varies according to gestational age but it is unclear whether achievement varies within 'term' (37-41 weeks gestation) or for 'post-term' births (≥42 weeks). We examined gestational age from preterm to post-term against a national minimum standard for academic achievement in population data. DESIGN: Literacy and numeracy data of 8-year-old South Australian grade 3 children in 2008-2010 were linked to routinely collected perinatal data (N=28 155)...
February 2, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125827/do-clinicians-understand-quality-metric-data-an-evaluation-in-a-twitter-derived-sample
#14
Sushant Govindan, Vineet Chopra, Theodore J Iwashyna
OBJECTIVE: Despite significant efforts and cost, quality metrics do not consistently influence practice. While research has focused on improving data through statistical risk-adjustment, whether clinicians understand these data is unknown. Therefore, we assessed clinician comprehension of central line-associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) quality metric data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with an 11-item test of CLABSI data comprehension. Each question assessed 1 of 3 concepts concerning CLABSI understanding: basic numeracy, risk-adjustment numeracy, and risk-adjustment interpretation...
January 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105554/engagement-with-genetic-information-and-uptake-of-genetic-testing-the-role-of-trust-and-personal-cancer-history
#15
Megan C Roberts, Jennifer M Taber, William M Klein
We used national survey data to (1) determine the extent to which individuals trust the sources from which they are most likely to receive information about cancer-related genetic tests (BRCA1/2, Lynch syndrome), (2) examine how level of trust for sources of genetic information might be related to cancer-related genetic testing uptake, and (3) determine whether key factors, such as cancer history and numeracy, moderate the latter association. We used cross-sectional data from the Health Information National Trends Survey...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103387/self-administered-health-literacy-instruments-for-people-with-diabetes-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties
#16
REVIEW
Eun-Hyun Lee, Chun-Ja Kim, Jiyeon Lee, Seung Hei Moon
AIMS: The aims of this study were to identify all available self-administered instruments measuring health literacy in people with diabetes and to determine the current instrument that is the most appropriate for applying to this population in both practice and research. DESIGN: A systematic review of measurement properties. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL electronic databases from their inception up to 28 March 28 2016. REVIEW METHOD: The methodological quality of each included study was assessed using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments checklist...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097980/student-life-how-to-ace-an-exam
#17
Kathy Oxtoby
As a nursing student, you can expect to sit exams in anything from anatomy and physiology to numeracy and medicine management, and it's important not to let nerves get the better of you.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096744/measuring-the-health-literacy-of-the-upper-midwest
#18
Caitlin J Bakker, Jonathan B Koffel, Nicole R Theis-Mahon
OBJECTIVES: Health literacy-the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information-is a major determinant of an individual's overall health and health care utilization. In this project, the authors examined predictors of health literacy levels, including numeracy and graphic literacy, among an adult population in the Upper Midwest. METHODS: The research was conducted at the Minnesota State Fair. Three previously validated scales were used to assess health literacy: Newest Vital Sign, the General Health Numeracy Test, and questions from Galesic and Garcia-Retamero's Graph Literacy Scale...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093465/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-high-school-performance
#19
Ju Lee Oei, Edward Melhuish, Hannah Uebel, Nadin Azzam, Courtney Breen, Lucinda Burns, Lisa Hilder, Barbara Bajuk, Mohamed E Abdel-Latif, Meredith Ward, John M Feller, Janet Falconer, Sara Clews, John Eastwood, Annie Li, Ian M Wright
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known of the long-term, including school, outcomes of children diagnosed with Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) (International Statistical Classification of Disease and Related Problems [10th Edition], Australian Modification, P96.1). METHODS: Linked analysis of health and curriculum-based test data for all children born in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, between 2000 and 2006. Children with NAS (n = 2234) were compared with a control group matched for gestation, socioeconomic status, and gender (n = 4330, control) and with other NSW children (n = 598 265, population) for results on the National Assessment Program: Literacy and Numeracy, in grades 3, 5, and 7...
February 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091519/universal-and-uniquely-human-factors-in-spontaneous-number-perception
#20
Stephen Ferrigno, Julian Jara-Ettinger, Steven T Piantadosi, Jessica F Cantlon
A capacity for nonverbal numerical estimation is widespread among humans and animals. However, it is currently unclear whether numerical percepts are spontaneously extracted from the environment and whether nonverbal perception is influenced by human exposure to formal mathematics. We tested US adults and children, non-human primates, and numerate and innumerate Tsimane' adults on a quantity task in which they could choose to categorize sets of dots on the basis of number alone, surface area alone or a combination of the two...
January 16, 2017: Nature Communications
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