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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105554/engagement-with-genetic-information-and-uptake-of-genetic-testing-the-role-of-trust-and-personal-cancer-history
#1
Megan C Roberts, Jennifer M Taber, William M Klein
We used national survey data to (1) determine the extent to which individuals trust the sources from which they are most likely to receive information about cancer-related genetic tests (BRCA1/2, Lynch syndrome), (2) examine how level of trust for sources of genetic information might be related to cancer-related genetic testing uptake, and (3) determine whether key factors, such as cancer history and numeracy, moderate the latter association. We used cross-sectional data from the Health Information National Trends Survey...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103387/self-administered-health-literacy-instruments-for-people-with-diabetes-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties
#2
REVIEW
Eun-Hyun Lee, Chun-Ja Kim, Jiyeon Lee, Seung Hei Moon
AIMS: The aims of this study were to identify all available self-administered instruments measuring health literacy in people with diabetes and to determine the current instrument that is the most appropriate for applying to this population in both practice and research. DESIGN: A systematic review of measurement properties. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL electronic databases from their inception up to 28 March 28 2016. REVIEW METHOD: The methodological quality of each included study was assessed using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments checklist...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097980/student-life-how-to-ace-an-exam
#3
Kathy Oxtoby
As a nursing student, you can expect to sit exams in anything from anatomy and physiology to numeracy and medicine management, and it's important not to let nerves get the better of you.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096744/measuring-the-health-literacy-of-the-upper-midwest
#4
Caitlin J Bakker, Jonathan B Koffel, Nicole R Theis-Mahon
OBJECTIVES: Health literacy-the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information-is a major determinant of an individual's overall health and health care utilization. In this project, the authors examined predictors of health literacy levels, including numeracy and graphic literacy, among an adult population in the Upper Midwest. METHODS: The research was conducted at the Minnesota State Fair. Three previously validated scales were used to assess health literacy: Newest Vital Sign, the General Health Numeracy Test, and questions from Galesic and Garcia-Retamero's Graph Literacy Scale...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093465/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-high-school-performance
#5
Ju Lee Oei, Edward Melhuish, Hannah Uebel, Nadin Azzam, Courtney Breen, Lucinda Burns, Lisa Hilder, Barbara Bajuk, Mohamed E Abdel-Latif, Meredith Ward, John M Feller, Janet Falconer, Sara Clews, John Eastwood, Annie Li, Ian M Wright
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known of the long-term, including school, outcomes of children diagnosed with Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) (International Statistical Classification of Disease and Related Problems [10th Edition], Australian Modification, P96.1). METHODS: Linked analysis of health and curriculum-based test data for all children born in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, between 2000 and 2006. Children with NAS (n = 2234) were compared with a control group matched for gestation, socioeconomic status, and gender (n = 4330, control) and with other NSW children (n = 598 265, population) for results on the National Assessment Program: Literacy and Numeracy, in grades 3, 5, and 7...
January 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091519/universal-and-uniquely-human-factors-in-spontaneous-number-perception
#6
Stephen Ferrigno, Julian Jara-Ettinger, Steven T Piantadosi, Jessica F Cantlon
A capacity for nonverbal numerical estimation is widespread among humans and animals. However, it is currently unclear whether numerical percepts are spontaneously extracted from the environment and whether nonverbal perception is influenced by human exposure to formal mathematics. We tested US adults and children, non-human primates, and numerate and innumerate Tsimane' adults on a quantity task in which they could choose to categorize sets of dots on the basis of number alone, surface area alone or a combination of the two...
January 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059573/spirituality-illness-unpredictability-and-math-anxiety-effects-on-negative-affect-and-affect-management-coping-for-individuals-diagnosed-with-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#7
Amber K Worthington, Roxanne L Parrott, Rachel A Smith
A growing number of genetic tests are included in diagnostic protocols associated with many common conditions. A positive diagnosis associated with the presence of some gene versions in many instances predicts a range of possible outcomes, and the uncertainty linked to such results contributes to the need to understand varied responses and plan strategic communication. Uncertainty in illness theory (UIT; Mishel, 1988, 1990) guided the investigation of efforts to feel in control and hopeful regarding genetic testing and diagnosis for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD)...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040686/graphics-help-patients-distinguish-between-urgent-and-non-urgent-deviations-in-laboratory-test-results
#8
Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Aaron M Scherer, Holly O Witteman, Jacob B Solomon, Nicole L Exe, Beth A Tarini, Angela Fagerlin
OBJECTIVE: Most electronic health record systems provide laboratory test results to patients in table format. We tested whether presenting such results in visual displays (number lines) could improve understanding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We presented 1620 adults recruited from a demographically diverse Internet panel with hypothetical results from several common laboratory tests, first showing near-normal results and then more extreme values. Participants viewed results in either table format (with a "standard range" provided) or one of 3 number line formats: a simple 2-color format, a format with diagnostic categories such as "borderline high" indicated by colored blocks, and a gradient format that used color gradients to smoothly represent increasing risk as values deviated from standard ranges...
December 30, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029180/long-term-childhood-outcomes-of-breech-presentation-by-intended-mode-of-delivery-a-population-record-linkage-study
#9
Yu Sun Bin, Jane B Ford, Michael C Nicholl, Christine L Roberts
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of information on long-term outcomes by mode of delivery for term breech presentation. We aimed to compare childhood mortality, cerebral palsy, hospitalizations, developmental, and educational outcomes associated with intended vaginal breech birth (VBB) compared to planned cesarean section . MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population birth and hospital records from New South Wales, Australia, were used to identify women with non-anomalous pregnancies eligible for VBB during 2001 to 2012...
December 28, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025950/age-differences-in-the-use-of-serving-size-information-on-food-labels-numeracy-or-attention
#10
Lisa M Soederberg Miller, Elizabeth Applegate, Laurel A Beckett, Machelle D Wilson, Tanja N Gibson
OBJECTIVE: The ability to use serving size information on food labels is important for managing age-related chronic conditions such as diabetes, obesity and cancer. Past research suggests that older adults are at risk for failing to accurately use this portion of the food label due to numeracy skills. However, the extent to which older adults pay attention to serving size information on packages is unclear. We compared the effects of numeracy and attention on age differences in accurate use of serving size information while individuals evaluated product healthfulness...
December 27, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018253/executive-function-mediates-the-relations-between-parental-behaviors-and-children-s-early-academic-ability
#11
Rory T Devine, Giacomo Bignardi, Claire Hughes
The past decade has witnessed a growth of interest in parental influences on individual differences in children's executive function (EF) on the one hand and in the academic consequences of variation in children's EF on the other hand. The primary aim of this longitudinal study was to examine whether children's EF mediated the relation between three distinct aspects of parental behavior (i.e., parental scaffolding, negative parent-child interactions, and the provision of informal learning opportunities) and children's academic ability (as measured by standard tests of literacy and numeracy skills)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005925/understanding-the-home-math-environment-and-its-role-in-predicting-parent-report-of-children-s-math-skills
#12
Sara A Hart, Colleen M Ganley, David J Purpura
There is a growing literature concerning the role of the home math environment in children's math development. In this study, we examined the relation between these constructs by specifically addressing three goals. The first goal was to identify the measurement structure of the home math environment through a series of confirmatory factor analyses. The second goal was to examine the role of the home math environment in predicting parent report of children's math skills. The third goal was to test a series of potential alternative explanations for the relation between the home math environment and parent report of children's skills, specifically the direct and indirect role of household income, parent math anxiety, and parent math ability as measured by their approximate number system performance...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993164/fostering-effective-early-learning-feel-through-a-professional-development-programme-for-early-childhood-educators-to-improve-professional-practice-and-child-outcomes-in-the-year-before-formal-schooling-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Edward Melhuish, Steven J Howard, Iram Siraj, Cathrine Neilsen-Hewett, Denise Kingston, Marc de Rosnay, Elisabeth Duursma, Betty Luu
BACKGROUND: A substantial research base documents the benefits of attendance at high-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) for positive behavioural and learning outcomes. Research has also found that the quality of many young children's experiences and opportunities in ECEC depends on the skills, dispositions and understandings of the early childhood adult educators. Increasingly, research has shown that the quality of children's interactions with educators and their peers, more than any other programme feature, influence what children learn and how they feel about learning...
December 19, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943007/the-impact-of-doctor-patient-communication-on-patients-perceptions-of-their-risk-of-breast-cancer-recurrence
#14
Nancy K Janz, Yun Li, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Reshma Jagsi, Allison W Kurian, Lawrence C An, M Chandler McLeod, Kamaria L Lee, Steven J Katz, Sarah T Hawley
PURPOSE: Doctor-patient communication is the primary way for women diagnosed with breast cancer to learn about their risk of distant recurrence. Yet little is known about how doctors approach these discussions. METHODS: A weighted random sample of newly diagnosed early-stage breast cancer patients identified through SEER registries of Los Angeles and Georgia (2013-2015) was sent surveys about ~2 months after surgery (Phase 2, N = 3930, RR 68%). We assessed patient perceptions of doctor communication of risk of recurrence (i...
February 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900770/what-are-standardized-literacy-and-numeracy-tests-testing-evidence-of-the-domain-general-contributions-to-students-standardized-educational-test-performance
#15
Steven J Howard, Stuart Woodcock, John Ehrich, Sahar Bokosmaty
BACKGROUND: A fundamental aim of standardized educational assessment is to achieve reliable discrimination between students differing in the knowledge, skills and abilities assessed. However, questions of the purity with which these tests index students' genuine abilities have arisen. Specifically, literacy and numeracy assessments may also engage unintentionally assessed capacities. AIMS: The current study investigated the extent to which domain-general processes - working memory (WM) and non-verbal reasoning - contribute to students' standardized test performance and the pathway(s) through which they exert this influence...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875931/early-numeracy-skills-in-preschool-aged-children-a-review-of-neurocognitive-findings-and-implications-for-assessment-and-intervention
#16
Kimberly P Raghubar, Marcia A Barnes
OBJECTIVES: The goals are to (1) provide a review of the typical and atypical development of early numeracy; (2) present what is known about the neurocognitive underpinnings of early numeracy; and (3) discuss the implications for early assessment and intervention. METHOD: Studies on the development of typical and atypical early numeracy are reviewed with a particular focus on longitudinal findings including those from our work on spina bifida myelomeningocele. Implications of this research for assessment are presented...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875175/proact-iterative-design-of-a-patient-centered-visualization-for-effective-prostate-cancer-health-risk-communication
#17
Anzu Hakone, Lane Harrison, Alvitta Ottley, Nathan Winters, Caitlin Gutheil, Paul K J Han, Remco Chang
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the US, and yet most cases represent localized cancer for which the optimal treatment is unclear. Accumulating evidence suggests that the available treatment options, including surgery and conservative treatment, result in a similar prognosis for most men with localized prostate cancer. However, approximately 90% of patients choose surgery over conservative treatment, despite the risk of severe side effects like erectile dysfunction and incontinence. Recent medical research suggests that a key reason is the lack of patient-centered tools that can effectively communicate personalized risk information and enable them to make better health decisions...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872667/the-relationship-between-accuracy-of-numerical-magnitude-comparisons-and-children-s-arithmetic-ability-a-study-in-iranian-primary-school-children
#18
Hamdollah Manzari Tavakoli
The relationship between children's accuracy during numerical magnitude comparisons and arithmetic ability has been investigated by many researchers. Contradictory results have been reported from these studies due to the use of many different tasks and indices to determine the accuracy of numerical magnitude comparisons. In the light of this inconsistency among measurement techniques, the present study aimed to investigate this relationship among Iranian second grade children (n = 113) using a pre-established test (known as the Numeracy Screener) to measure numerical magnitude comparison accuracy...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836461/cognition-in-people-with-prader-willi-syndrome-insights-into-genetic-influences-on-cognitive-and-social-development
#19
REVIEW
Joyce Whittington, Anthony Holland
We present a mini-review of cognition in Prader-Willi syndrome. Studies cited include findings on general ability (IQ), IQ correlates with family members, strengths and weaknesses in cognitive profiles in genetic subtypes, attainment in literacy and numeracy, language, comprehension, modality preferences, executive functions, and social cognition. The latter includes investigations of theory of mind, emotion recognition, face processing and knowledge of social norms. Results from research on mouse models and brain imaging studies relevant to cognition are briefly discussed...
January 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830362/numeracy-predicts-risk-of-pre-hospital-decision-delay-a-retrospective-study-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-survival
#20
Dafina Petrova, Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Andrés Catena, Edward Cokely, Ana Heredia Carrasco, Antonio Arrebola Moreno, José Antonio Ramírez Hernández
BACKGROUND: Many patients delay seeking medical attention during acute coronary syndromes (ACS), profoundly increasing their risk for death and major disability. Although research has identified several risk factors, efforts to improve patient decision making have generally been unsuccessful, prompting a call for more research into psychological factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to estimate the relationship between ACS decision delay and numeracy, a factor closely related to general decision making skill and risk literacy...
November 9, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
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