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Thoracic anaesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074295/-neuraxial-anaesthesia-and-noacs
#1
T Standl
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular comorbidities in surgical patients are frequent and have a substantial impact on the postoperative outcome. Neuraxial blockades are able to reduce perioperative morbidity and mortality. The increasing use of new oral anticoagulants (NOAC) requires a high level of attention, especially in patients undergoing neuraxial blockades or requiring postoperative analgesia. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to present the benefit of neuraxial anaesthesia and analgesia in patients with cardiovascular risks and perioperative management of NOAC in this setting...
January 10, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007874/new-tubeless-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-small-pulmonary-nodules
#2
Shuben Li, Long Jiang, Keng-Leong Ang, Hanzhang Chen, Qinglong Dong, Hanyu Yang, Jingpei Li, Jianxing He
OBJECTIVE: Problems associated with intubation, chest drainage and urinary catheterization can have a negative impact on patient's recovery after thoracic surgery. We therefore evaluated the feasibility of a new tubeless (spontaneous ventilation without tracheal intubation, urinary catheterization, and no post-operative chest drain placement) approach to perform video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for small pulmonary nodules (SPN) less than 2cm in diameter. METHODS: From 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2014, 34 patients with SPNs were treated using tubeless VATS in our centre...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978898/-risk-factors-for-long-term-result-of-endovascular-treatment-for-auto-immune-disease-related-abdominal-aorta-pseudo-aneurysm
#3
W Ye, X Di, Q Liu, Y J Li, Y H Zheng, R Zeng, X J Song, Z L Liu, C W Liu
Objective: To summarize results of endovascular treatment for auto-immune disease related abdominal aorta pseudo-aneurysm(AIPA), and to analysis clinical predictors of long term major adverse clinical events(MACE). Methods: Retrospectively collected endovascular treatment for AIPA cases in Peking Union Medical College Hospital within 2000 to 2015. Twenty-nine cases with AIPA treated by endovascular therapy were enrolled in this study. Twenty five cases were male, range from 23 to 67 years old, mean age was (39...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888429/inappropriateness-of-diagnostic-imaging-examinations-in-the-inpatient-setting-a-case-study-research
#4
Ettore Squillaci, Francesca Bolacchi, Jacopo Scaggiante, Francesca Ricci, Luca Pugliese, Alberto Bergamini, Francesco Garaci, Roberto Floris
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to audit the clinical appropriateness of the prescriptions of whole body CT (WB-CT), PET-CT and chest X-rays (CXRs) performed at Tor Vergata University Hospital in the inpatient setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: WB-CT, PET-CT and CXRs examinations were retrospectively analysed in the period between January and December 2014. CXR examinations were divided into bedside CXRs and traditional CXRs. The appropriateness of the examinations was defined according the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria...
November 25, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867133/fiberoptic-bronchoscopy-and-remifentanil-target-controlled-infusion-in-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-hypoxaemic-respiratory-failure-a-descriptive-study
#5
Saïda Rezaiguia-Delclaux, Florent Laverdure, Talna Kortchinsky, Léa Lemasle, Audrey Imbert, François Stéphan
INTRODUCTION: Sedation optimizes patient comfort and ease of execution during fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB). Our objective was to describe the safety and efficacy of remifentanil-TCI during FOB in non-intubated, hypoxaemic, thoracic-surgery ICU patients. METHODS: Consecutive spontaneously breathing adults requiring FOB after thoracic surgery were included if they had hypoxaemia (PaO2/FiO2 < 300mmHg or need for non-invasive ventilation [NIV]) and prior FOB failure under topical anaesthesia...
November 17, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833291/a-case-report-of-acampomelic-campomelic-dysplasia-and-operative-difficulties-in-cleft-palate-reconstruction
#6
M Pasupathy, Vasant Radhakrishnan, Hirji Sorab Adenwalla, Puthucode V Narayanan
Acampomelic campomelic dysplasia (CD) is a type of CD (CD; OMIM #114290), a rare form of congenital short-limbed dwarfism and is due to mutations in SOX9 gene family. Characteristic phenotypes of CD include bowing of the lower limbs, a narrow thoracic cage, 11 pairs of ribs, hypoplastic scapulae, macrocephaly, flattened supraorbital ridges and nasal bridge, cleft palate and micrognathia. The bending of the long bones is not an obligatory feature and is absent in about 10% of cases, referred to as acampomelic CD...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801748/a-severe-complication-after-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-breast-cancer-surgery-total-spinal-anaesthesia-a-case-report
#7
Aline Albi-Feldzer, Baptiste Duceau, Williams Nguessom, Christian Jayr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762250/guidelines-of-the-indian-association-of-cardiovascular-and-thoracic-anaesthesiologists-and-indian-college-of-cardiac-anaesthesia-for-perioperative-transesophageal-echocardiography-fellowship-examination
#8
REVIEW
Kanchi Muralidhar, Deepak Tempe, Yatin Mehta, Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Chirojit Mukherjee, Thomas Koshy, Prabhat Tewari, Naman Shastri, Satyajeet Misra, Kumar Belani
During current medical care, perioperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become a vital component of patient management, especially in cardiac operating rooms and in critical care medicine. Information derived from echocardiography has an important bearing on the patient's outcome. The Indian Association of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Anaesthesiologists (IACTA) has promoted the use of TEE during routine clinical care of patients undergoing cardiac surgery. An important mission of IACTA is to oversee training and certify anesthesiologists in the perioperative and intensive care use of TEE...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716695/variations-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-practices-in-india-a-survey-by-indian-college-of-cardiac-anaesthesia
#9
Deepak Prakash Borde, Antony George, Shreedhar Joshi, Suresh Nair, Thomas Koshy, Uday Gandhe, Murali Chakravarthy
CONTEXT: Use of perioperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has expanded in India. Despite attempts to standardize the practice of TEE in cardiac surgical procedures, variation in practice and application exists. This is the first online survey by Indian College of Cardiac Anaesthesia, research and academic wing of the Indian Association of Cardiovascular Thoracic Anaesthesiologists (IACTA). AIMS: We hypothesized that variations in practice of intraoperative TEE exist among centers and this survey aimed at analyzing them...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666330/potentially-modifiable-risk-factors-for-atrial-fibrillation-following-lung-resection-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
S H Lee, H J Ahn, S M Yeon, M Yang, J A Kim, D M Jung, J H Park
Atrial fibrillation is the most frequent arrhythmia after thoracic surgery and is associated with increased hospital costs, morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to identify potentially modifiable risk factors for postoperative atrial fibrillation following lung resection surgery and to suggest possible measures to reduce risk. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 4731 patients who underwent lobectomy or more major lung resection over a 6-year period. Patients who developed atrial fibrillation postoperatively and required treatment were included in the postoperative atrial fibrillation group, while the remaining patients were assigned to the non-postoperative atrial fibrillation group...
December 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629425/hyperbaric-versus-isobaric-bupivacaine-for-spinal-anaesthesia-for-caesarean-section
#11
REVIEW
Ban Leong Sng, Fahad Javaid Siddiqui, Wan Ling Leong, Pryseley N Assam, Edwin Sy Chan, Kelvin H Tan, Alex T Sia
BACKGROUND: Bupivacaine is an amide local anaesthetic used in hyperbaric and isobaric forms. These are administered intrathecally into the spine to provide regional anaesthesia for caesarean section. Several trials have compared hyperbaric and isobaric bupivacaine but none have conclusively shown the benefit of either. This review was first published in 2013 and updated in 2016. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to:1. Determine the effectiveness of hyperbaric bupivacaine compared to isobaric bupivacaine for spinal anaesthesia in women undergoing caesarean section;2...
September 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608346/local-anaesthetic-toxicity-after-bilateral-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#12
A M-H Ho, M K Karmakar, S K Ng, S Wan, C S H Ng, R H L Wong, S K C Chan, G M Joynt
We conducted a small pilot observational study of the effects of bilateral thoracic paravertebral block (BTPB) as an adjunct to perioperative analgesia in coronary artery bypass surgery patients. The initial ropivacaine dose prior to induction of general anaesthesia was 3 mg/kg, which was followed at the end of the surgery by infusion of ropivacaine 0.25% 0.1 ml/kg/hour on each side (e.g. total 35 mg/hour for a 70 kg person). The BTPB did not eliminate the need for supplemental opioids after CABG in the eight patients studied...
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575452/continuous-epidural-versus-wound-infusion-plus-single-morphine-bolus-as-postoperative-analgesia-in-open-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-a-randomized-non-inferiority-trial
#13
Lorenzo Ball, Giulia Pellerano, Laura Corsi, Nadia Giudici, Anna Pellegrino, Daniela Cannata, Gregorio Santori, Domenico Palombo, Paolo Pelosi, Angelo Gratarola
BACKGROUND: We compared a bundle of interventions including wound infiltration and continuous infusion with local anesthetics plus a single morphine bolus (CWI-M) with continuous epidural infusion (CEI) as postoperative analgesia. METHODS: Fifty-one adults undergoing open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair were randomized in this non-inferiority open-label trial. In the CEI group, patients received thoracic epidural levobupivacaine 0.12% plus sufentanil 0.4 µg/mL infusion for 48 hours...
December 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554331/anaesthetic-management-of-breast-surgery-in-a-patient-with-eisenmenger-syndrome
#14
J C Galán Gutiérrez, F E Fernández Suárez, P Miranda García, L A Sopena Zubiria
Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is a complex combination of cardiovascular abnormalities defined as pulmonary hypertension with investment or bidirectional flow through an intracardiac or aortopulmonary communication, usually secondary to a congenital heart disease not resolved promptly. It carries a significant risk of perioperative mortality, with an incidence close to 30% for non-cardiac surgery. We report the anaesthetic management in a ES patient undergoing breast surgery, which was successfully performed under general anaesthesia combined with thoracic analgesic blocks...
January 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549661/the-effect-of-sublaminar-wires-on-the-rib-hump-deformity-during-scoliosis-correction-manoeuvres
#15
Javier Pizones, Felisa Sánchez-Mariscal, Lorenzo Zúñiga, Enrique Izquierdo
INTRODUCTION: During thoracic curve correction, the tightening of the sublaminar wires through concavity creates a medial and a dorsal translation of the spine. However, little is known about the effect of the sublaminar wires on the axial plane. METHODS: This is prospective case series analysis of 30 consecutive surgical patients with main thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. All of the patients were fused with hybrid instrumentation (apical concavity-sublaminar wires) and differential rod contouring (over-kyphosis concavity/under-kyphosis convexity)...
October 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544296/general-anesthesia-in-patients-with-syndrome-of-poland
#16
J Díaz-Crespo, Y Vázquez-Mambrilla, F García-Herrera
The increased use of surgery as a treatment or as an alternative for improvement means that we have a larger number of patients in the operating theatre, including those who suffer from rare diseases. Poland Syndrome is a rare congenital disease associated with muscle development. These patients may have a broad spectrum of abnormalities, which include thoracic anomalies, which can alter the ventilatory management at the level of the airway; the possible onset of malignant hyperthermia. This leads the anaesthetist to take certain preventive measures...
August 17, 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543533/efficacy-of-pectoral-nerve-block-versus-thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-radical-mastectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
S Kulhari, N Bharti, I Bala, S Arora, G Singh
BACKGROUND: Pectoral nerve (PecS) block is a recently introduced technique for providing surgical anaesthesia and postoperative analgesia during breast surgery. The present study was planned to compare the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided PecS II block with thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) for postoperative analgesia after modified radical mastectomy. METHODS: Forty adult female patients undergoing radical mastectomy were randomly allocated into two groups...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543524/thoracic-paravertebral-blocks-in-abdominal-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
K El-Boghdadly, C Madjdpour, K J Chin
Thoracic paravertebral blocks (TPVBs) have an extensive evidence base as part of a multimodal analgesic strategy for thoracic and breast surgery and have gained popularity with the advent of ultrasound guidance. However, this role is poorly defined in the context of abdominal surgery. We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials, to clarify the impact of TPVB on perioperative analgesic outcomes in adult abdominal surgery. We identified 20 published trials involving a total of 1044 patients that met inclusion criteria; however there was significant heterogeneity in terms of type of surgery, TPVB technique, comparator groups and study quality...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467170/associations-between-respiratory-signs-and-abnormalities-reported-in-thoracic-ct-scans-of-cats
#19
C R Lamb, I D Jones
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of subclinical abnormalities reported in thoracic (CT) scans of cats and to investigate associations between respiratory signs and CT signs. METHODS: Retrospective review of signalment, indications, respiratory signs and reported CT findings in a series of cats. Associations between patient variables, respiratory signs and CT signs were analysed using multi-variable regression methods. RESULTS: Records of 352 consecutive cats were reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27366557/anaesthesia-application-for-cardiac-denervation-in-a-patient-with-long-qt-syndrome-and-cardiomyopathy
#20
Ümit Karadeniz, Aslı Demir, Rabia Koçulu
Long QT syndrome is a congenital disorder that is characterized by a prolongation of the QT interval on electrocardiograms and a propensity to ventricular tachyarrhythmias, which may lead to syncope, cardiac arrest or sudden death. Cardiomyopathy and pulmonary hypertension diseases have additional risks in anaesthesia management. In this study, we emphasize on one lung ventilation, pacemaker-implantable cardioverter-defibrillator and the anaesthesia management process in a patient with long QT syndrome, cardiomyopathy and pulmonary hypertension who underwent thoracic sympathectomy...
February 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
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