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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438202/does-parental-and-adolescent-participation-in-an-e-health-lifestyle-modification-intervention-improves-weight-outcomes
#1
Andrew W Tu, Allison W Watts, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Josie Geller, Rollin Brant, Susan I Barr, Louise Mâsse
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the effect of adherence to a lifestyle intervention on adolescent health outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether adolescent and parental adherence to components of an e-health intervention resulted in change in adolescent body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) z-scores in a sample of overweight/obese adolescents. METHODS: In total, 159 overweight/obese adolescents and their parents participated in an 8-month e-health lifestyle intervention...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432748/future-challenges-and-therapeutic-opportunities-in-type-2-diabetes-changing-the-paradigm-of-current-therapy
#2
REVIEW
D R Owens, L Monnier, A H Barnett
Most algorithms for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) do not recommend treatment escalation until glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) fails to reach the recommended target of 7% (53 mmol/mol) within approximately 3 months on any treatment regimen ('treat to failure'). Clinical inertia and/or poor adherence to therapy contribute to patients not reaching glycaemic targets when managed according to this paradigm. Clinical inertia exists across the entire spectrum of anti-diabetes therapies, although it is most pronounced when initiating and optimizing insulin therapy...
April 21, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432516/the-tower-of-london-tol-in-italy-standardization-of-the-tol-test-in-an-italian-population
#3
Maddalena Boccia, Dario Marin, Giovanni D'Antuono, Paola Ciurli, Chiara Incoccia, Gabriella Antonucci, Cecilia Guariglia, Laura Piccardi
Deficit in planning and problem-solving, affecting a wide range of neuropsychological patients, has been widely investigated using the Tower of London (ToL) test, as developed by Shallice (Philos Trans R Soc Lond Ser B Biol Sci 298:199-209, 1). The ToL taps on several executive functions (EF), such as planning, time for planning or rule breaks, which may be usefully indexed by different ToL measurements. However, in its original version, the different aspects involved in ToL are not evaluated in a specific way...
April 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432040/usability-acceptability-and-adherence-to-an-electronic-self-monitoring-system-in-patients-with-major-depression-discharged-from-inpatient-wards
#4
Lise Lauritsen, Louise Andersen, Emilia Olsson, Stine Rauff Søndergaard, Lasse Benn Nørregaard, Philip Kaare Løventoft, Signe Dunker Svendsen, Erik Frøkjær, Hans Mørch Jensen, Ida Hageman, Lars Vedel Kessing, Klaus Martiny
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from depression have a high risk of relapse and readmission in the weeks following discharge from inpatient wards. Electronic self-monitoring systems that offer patient-communication features are now available to offer daily support to patients, but the usability, acceptability, and adherence to these systems has only been sparsely investigated. OBJECTIVE: We aim to test the usability, acceptability, adherence, and clinical outcome of a newly developed computer-based electronic self-assessment system (the Daybuilder system) in patients suffering from depression, in the period from discharge until commencing outpatient treatment in the Intensive Outpatient Unit for Affective Disorders...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428168/testing-the-feasibility-and-usability-of-a-novel-smartphone-based-self-management-support-system-for-dialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#5
Aki Hayashi, Satoko Yamaguchi, Kayo Waki, Katsuhito Fujiu, Norio Hanafusa, Takahiro Nishi, Hyoe Tomita, Haruka Kobayashi, Hideo Fujita, Takashi Kadowaki, Masaomi Nangaku, Kazuhiko Ohe
BACKGROUND: Diet and fluid restrictions that need continuous self-management are among the most difficult aspects of dialysis treatment. Smartphone applications may be useful for supporting self-management. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to investigate the feasibility and usability of a novel smartphone-based self-management support system for dialysis patients. METHODS: We developed the Self-Management and Recording System for Dialysis (SMART-D), which supports self-monitoring of three mortality-related factors that can be modified by lifestyle: interdialytic weight gain and predialysis serum potassium and phosphorus concentrations...
April 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423969/process-evaluation-of-the-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-pulse-program-randomized-controlled-trial-recruitment-engagement-and-overall-satisfaction
#6
Elroy J Aguiar, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Myles D Young, Robin Callister
BACKGROUND: Men are underrepresented in weight loss and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevention studies. PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of recruitment, and acceptability of the T2DM Prevention Using LifeStyle Education (PULSE) Program-a gender-targeted, self-administered intervention for men. METHODS: Men (18-65 years, high risk for T2DM) were randomized to intervention ( n = 53) or wait-list control groups ( n = 48). The 6-month PULSE Program intervention focused on weight loss, diet, and exercise for T2DM prevention...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423812/designing-an-e-learning-platform-for-postoperative-arthroplasty-adverse-events
#7
Ole Andreas Krumsvik, Ankica Babic
This paper presents a mobile software application development for e-learning based on the adverse events data within the field of arthroplasty. The application aims at providing a learning platform for physicians, patients, and medical students. Design of user interface aims to meet requirements of several user groups concerned with the adverse events of the knee and hip implants. Besides the clinical patient data, the platform wants to include even electronic patient data as a result of self-monitoring. Two different modules were created, one for medical staff and one for patients, both divided into the knee and hip areas...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423188/intertrial-interval-duration-affects-error-monitoring
#8
Rebecca J Compton, Elizabeth Heaton, Emily Ozer
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of varying intertrial interval (ITI) durations on neural signals of error monitoring, given the importance of the ITI as a time window for engaging in self-evaluation and cognitive control. In a between-subjects design, 35 participants were assigned to one of three ITI durations (short: 768 ms; medium: 1,280 ms; long: 1,792 ms) in a standard Stroop task while EEG was recorded. Participants in the short-ITI group demonstrated lower performance accuracy, a reduced error-related negativity (even when correcting for frequency of errors), lower error-related alpha suppression during the ITI, and increased post-error slowing...
April 17, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422536/impact-of-lifestyle-strategies-on-longer-term-physical-activity-and-weight
#9
Margaret P Lott, Andrea Kriska, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Li Wang, Kristi Storti, Daniel G Winger, Molly Conroy
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions promote increased physical activity (PA) and weight loss; however, relapse to sedentary behavior and weight regain are common. METHODS: We analyzed baseline and 24-month data from participants in the Slow the Adverse Vascular Effects (SAVE) study. SAVE included an 18-month behavioral intervention. At 24 months, participants completed a survey about lifestyle strategies used in past six months. PA levels were assessed with the Modifiable Activity Questionnaire...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421175/factors-influencing-usability-of-a-smartphone-app-to-reduce-excessive-alcohol-consumption-think-aloud-and-interview-studies
#10
David Crane, Claire Garnett, Jamie Brown, Robert West, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Interventions delivered by smartphone apps have the potential to help drinkers reduce their consumption of alcohol. To optimize engagement and reduce the high rates of attrition associated with the use of digital interventions, it is necessary to ensure that an app's design and functionality is appropriate for its intended purposes and target population. AIMS: To understand the usability of an app to help people reduce their alcohol consumption. METHOD: The app, Drink Less, contains a core module focusing on goal setting, supplemented by five additional modules: self-monitoring and feedback, identity change, cognitive bias re-training, action planning, and social comparison...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421112/self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-to-assess-dawn-phenomenon-in-chinese-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Wen Wu, Yuxin Huang, Jieyuzhen Qiu, Jiao Sun, Haidong Wang
Aims. We investigated whether self-monitoring of blood glucose could be used to assess dawn phenomenon in Chinese people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. A total of 306 people with T2DM underwent continuous glucose monitoring and self-monitoring of blood glucose for 72 h. A linear model was used to fit the optimal linear formula of the magnitude of dawn phenomenon (ΔDawn) and self-monitoring of blood glucose values. Results. The prevalence of dawn phenomenon was similar within different oral antidiabetic drug groups (42...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421010/teacher-evaluations-of-executive-functioning-in-schoolchildren-aged-9-12-and-the-influence-of-age-sex-level-of-parental-education
#12
Marleen A J van Tetering, Jelle Jolles
Executive functions (EFs) develop over the period of early childhood and adolescence up until young adulthood. Individual children differ substantially in the pace at which their EFs develop, and characteristics such as sex and the level of parental education (LPE) are thought to contribute to these differences. In the present study, we assessed age-related changes in EFs as perceived and evaluated by teachers and parents as well as the influence of sex and LPE on their evaluations. We used a newly developed observer-report questionnaire, the Amsterdam Executive Function Inventory (AEFI)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414882/the-effect-of-a-faith-community-nurse-network-and-public-health-collaboration-on-hypertension-prevention-and-control
#13
Jennifer Cooper, Wendy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: As part of the Association of State and Territorial Health Official's Million Hearts State Learning Collaborative in 2014 and 2015, Washington County, Maryland formed a collaboration between the local health department, health system and faith community nurse network to address the undiagnosed and uncontrolled hypertension in the county. OBJECTIVES: Data were analyzed to determine the effect of a faith community nursing intervention of teaching blood pressure self-monitoring and coaching blood pressure and lifestyle changes in the at-risk and hypertensive population...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411518/how-do-you-exercise-with-epilepsy-insights-into-the-barriers-and-adaptations-to-successfully-exercise-with-epilepsy
#14
Sarah S Collard, Caroline Ellis-Hill
Exercise has been shown to be a physiological and psychological benefit for people with epilepsy (PWE). However, barriers prevent many PWE from exercising safely and confidently. This research explored current perceived barriers to exercise and adaptation techniques used by PWE in order to maintain physical activity levels. Three focus groups (2-3 participants per group) and three semi-structured interviews were conducted (11 participants total). Constructive grounded theory was used to frame the study and analyse the findings, presenting new insight into the motivation, perceived barriers, and adaptation techniques used to exercise...
April 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411334/normative-values-for-a-tablet-computer-based-application-to-assess-chromatic-contrast-sensitivity
#15
Lakshmi Bodduluri, Mei Ying Boon, Malcolm Ryan, Stephen J Dain
Tablet computer displays are amenable for the development of vision tests in a portable form. Assessing color vision using an easily accessible and portable test may help in the self-monitoring of vision-related changes in ocular/systemic conditions and assist in the early detection of disease processes. Tablet computer-based games were developed with different levels of gamification as a more portable option to assess chromatic contrast sensitivity. Game 1 was designed as a clinical version with no gaming elements...
April 14, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410174/pilot-and-feasibility-test-of-a-mobile-health-supported-behavioral-counseling-intervention-for-weight-management-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Lisa M Quintiliani, Devin M Mann, Marissa Puputti, Emily Quinn, Deborah J Bowen
BACKGROUND: Health behavior and weight management interventions for cancer survivors have the potential to prevent future cancer recurrence and improve long-term health; however, their translation can be limited if the intervention is complex and involves high participant burden. Mobile health (mHealth) offers a delivery modality to integrate interventions into daily life routines. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a one-group trial with a pre-post evaluation design on engagement (use and acceptability), physiological (weight), behavioral (diet and physical activity), and other secondary outcomes...
May 9, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409233/effects-of-a%C3%A2-web-based-follow-up-intervention-on-self-efficacy-in-obesity-treatment-for-women
#17
Sonja Rader, Thomas Ernst Dorner, Rudolf Schoberberger, Hilde Wolf
Obesity is a chronic disease requiring long-term care. The purpose of the current study was the evaluation of a web-based intervention (WBI), subsequent to an initial face to face life style treatment. In a randomized trial, 84 women received an introduction phase (4 months) and a training phase (2 months) where one group was trained in using WBI whereas the other arm received a printed manual (PMI). During the self-monitoring phase (6 months) participants either used the WBI or the PMI for follow-up support...
April 13, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409090/the-smarter-pilot-study-testing-feasibility-of-real-time-feedback-for-dietary-self-monitoring
#18
Lora E Burke, Yaguang Zheng, Qianheng Ma, Juliet Mancino, India Loar, Edvin Music, Mindi Styn, Linda Ewing, Brian French, Dan Sieworek, Asim Smailagic, Susan M Sereika
Self-monitoring (SM) of food intake is central to weight loss treatment. Technology makes it possible to reinforce this behavior change strategy by providing real-time feedback (FB) tailored to the diary entry. To test the feasibility of providing 1-4 daily FB messages tailored to dietary recordings via a smartphone, we conducted a 12-week pilot randomized clinical trial in Pittsburgh, PA in US in 2015. We compared 3 groups: SM using the Lose It! smartphone app (Group 1); SM + FB (Group 2); and SM + FB + attending three in-person group sessions (Group 3)...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406040/seven-year-surveillance-of-the-clinical-performance-of-a-blood-glucose-test-strip-product
#19
Steven Setford, Mike Grady, Stuart Phillips, Lesley Miller, Stephen Mackintosh, Hilary Cameron, Krisna Corrigall
BACKGROUND: A key approach in enabling people with diabetes to better manage their condition is through self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). Any functional SMBG system should demonstrate clinical accuracy across a broad glucose range and be insensitive to hematocrit. Furthermore, it should be incumbent on the manufacturer to demonstrate that their product continues to meet clinical accuracy claims during product lifetime. METHODS: Test strips from a globally distributed SMBG product were sampled from randomly selected production batches as part of the manufacturer's routine product evaluation process...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401666/a-model-to-increase-rehabilitation-adherence-to-home-exercise-programmes-in-patients-with-varying-levels-of-self-efficacy
#20
Kelsey J Picha, Dana M Howell
Patient adherence to rehabilitation programmes is frequently low - particularly adherence to home exercise programmes. Home exercise programmes have been identified as complementary to clinic-based physical therapy in an orthopaedic setting. Barriers to patient adherence have previously been identified within the literature. Low self-efficacy is a barrier to adherence that clinicians have the ability to have an impact on and improve. The theory of self-efficacy is defined as a person's confidence in their ability to perform a task...
April 12, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
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