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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079773/pregnancies-after-the-diagnosis-of-mild-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-risk-of-cardiometabolic-disorders
#1
Michael W Varner, Madeline Murguia Rice, Mark B Landon, Brian M Casey, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Dwight J Rouse, Alan T N Tita, John M Thorp, Edward K Chien, George R Saade, Alan M Peaceman, Sean C Blackwell, J Peter Vandorsten
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of subsequent pregnancy with subsequent metabolic syndrome and type II diabetes mellitus after a pregnancy complicated by mild gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational follow-up study of women with mild GDM randomized from 2002 to 2007 to usual care or dietary intervention and glucose self-monitoring. Women were evaluated 5-10 years after the parent study. Participants were grouped according to the number of subsequent pregnancies (group A, none [reference]; group B, one; group C, two or greater)...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074624/assessing-the-sustainability-of-waiwai-subsistence-hunting-in-guyana-with-implications-for-co-management-in-amazonian-indigenous-reserves
#2
Christopher A Shaffer, Marissa S Milstein, Charakura Yukuma, Elisha Marawanaru, Phillip Suse
While hunting is a key component of the subsistence strategies of many Amazonians, it is also one of the most important threats to wildlife conservation throughout South America. As indigenous reserves now make up more than 20% of Amazonia, effective conservation often requires working closely with indigenous groups as shared stakeholders in the management of hunting. We present a novel approach to co-management that integrates hunter generated harvesting data with spatially explicit, biodemographic modeling to assess the sustainability of the subsistence hunting of indigenous Waiwai in Guyana...
January 11, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069091/proposing-a-framework-for-mobile-applications-in-disaster-health-learning
#3
Alexander G Liu, Brian A Altman, Kenneth Schor, Kandra Strauss-Riggs, Tracy N Thomas, Catherine Sager, Michelle Leander-Griffith, Victoria Harp
Mobile applications, or apps, have gained widespread use with the advent of modern smartphone technologies. Previous research has been conducted in the use of mobile devices for learning. However, there is decidedly less research into the use of mobile apps for health learning (eg, patient self-monitoring, medical student learning). This deficiency in research on using apps in a learning context is especially severe in the disaster health field. The objectives of this article were to provide an overview of the current state of disaster health apps being used for learning, to situate the use of apps in a health learning context, and to adapt a learning framework for the use of mobile apps in the disaster health field...
January 10, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068939/swallowing-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-dysphagia-after-head-and-neck-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-behavioural-strategies-used-to-promote-patient-adherence-to-swallowing-exercises
#4
Roganie Govender, Christina H Smith, Stuart A Taylor, Helen Barratt, Benjamin Gardner
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia is a significant side-effect following treatment for head and neck cancers, yet poor adherence to swallowing exercises is frequently reported in intervention studies. Behaviour change techniques (BCTs) can be used to improve adherence, but no review to date has described the techniques or indicated which may be more associated with improved swallowing outcomes. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify behavioural strategies in swallowing interventions, and to explore any relationships between these strategies and intervention effects...
January 10, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066820/hiv-care-providers-attitudes-regarding-mobile-phone-applications-and-web-based-dashboards-to-support-patient-self-management-and-care-coordination-results-from-a-qualitative-feasibility-study
#5
Dallas Swendeman, Shu Farmer, Deborah Mindry, Sung-Jae Lee, Melissa Medich
In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with healthcare providers (HCPs) from five HIV medical care coordination teams in a large Los Angeles County HIV clinic, including physicians, nurses, and psychosocial services providers. HCPs reported on the potential utility, acceptability, and barriers for patient self-monitoring and notifications via mobile phones, and web-based dashboards for HCPs. Potential benefits included: 1) enhancing patient engagement, motivation, adherence, and self-management; and 2) improving provider-patient relationships and HCP care coordination...
October 2016: Journal of HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063804/feasibility-and-potential-benefits-of-a-self-monitoring-enhanced-lifestyle-intervention-to-prevent-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-in-women-who-are-overweight-and-obese
#6
Carol Shieh, Ziyi Yang, David M Haas, Janet S Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a self-monitoring enhanced lifestyle intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain in women who are overweight and obese. DESIGN: A one-group, prospective design involving 8 weeks of healthy eating and physical activity and self-monitoring of weight, nutrition, and walking. SETTING: Recruitment and enrollment in prenatal clinics and self-monitoring at home. PARTICIPANTS: Women (N = 22) at 14 to 24 gestational weeks, with body mass indexes of 25 to 40 kg/m(2), without medical and psychiatric diseases that affected cognition or walking...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061818/perspectives-preferences-and-needs-regarding-early-prediction-of-preeclampsia-in-dutch-pregnant-women-a-qualitative-study
#7
Neeltje M T H Crombag, Marije Lamain-de Ruiter, Anneke Kwee, Peter C J I Schielen, Jozien M Bensing, Gerard H A Visser, Arie Franx, Maria P H Koster
BACKGROUND: To improve early risk-identification in pregnancy, research on prediction models for common pregnancy complications is ongoing. Therefore, it was the aim of this study to explore pregnant women's perceptions, preferences and needs regarding prediction models for first trimester screening for common pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia, to support future implementation. METHOD: Ten focus groups (of which five with primiparous and five with multiparous women) were conducted (n = 45)...
January 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056933/study-protocol-for-movediabetes-a-trial-to-promote-physical-activity-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-health-care-in-oman
#8
Thamra S Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Angela M Craigie, Maureen Mcleod, Annie S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Benefits of physical activity in the management of diabetes are well documented. However, evidence on the effectiveness of interventions integrating physical activity in diabetes care is sparse especially in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. The results from this study will increase our understanding of the use of multi-component interventions aimed at increasing physical activity levels in inactive adults with type 2 diabetes in primary health care in Oman. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a one year 1:1 cluster randomized controlled trial of the MOVEdiabetes programme (intervention) versus usual care in eight primary health care centres in Oman...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054570/socioeconomic-differences-in-prevalence-awareness-control-and-self-management-of-hypertension-among-four-minority-ethnic-groups-na-xi-li-shu-dai-and-jing-po-in-rural-southwest-china
#9
L Cai, J Dong, W L Cui, D Y You, A R Golden
This study investigates socioeconomic differences in prevalence, awareness, control and self-management of hypertension in rural China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among four ethnic minority groups in Yunnan Province: Na Xi, Li Shu, Dai and Jing Po. Approximately 5532 consenting individuals aged ⩾35 years (48.4% of whom were male) were selected to participate in the study using a stratified, multistage sampling technique. Information about participants' demographic characteristics and hypertension awareness, treatment, control and self-management practices was obtained using a standard questionnaire...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051021/behavioral-analysis-of-chinese-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-on-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose
#10
Zhao-Yi Qin, Jin-Hua Yan, Dai-Zhi Yang, Hong-Rong Deng, Bin Yao, Jian-Ping Weng
BACKGROUND: The information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model of health behavior is an effective tool to evaluate the behavior of diabetes self-management. The purpose of this study was to explore behavioral factors affecting the practice of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) within the frame of IMB model of health behavioral among adult patients with type 1 diabetes in a single diabetes clinic in China. METHODS: A questionnaire with three subscales on SMBG information, motivation, and behavioral skills based on IMB model was developed...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045992/self-care-practices-among-diabetes-patients-in-addis-ababa-a-qualitative-study
#11
Dagmawit Tewahido, Yemane Berhane
BACKGROUND: Self-care practices that include self-monitoring of blood sugar level, diet management, physical exercise, adherence to medications, and foot care are the cornerstones of diabetes management. However, very little is known about self-care in developing countries where the prevalence of diabetes is increasing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe self-care practices among individuals with type II diabetes in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative method was used to gather data from type II diabetes patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033258/impact-of-disease-management-programs-on-metabolic-control-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-cohort-study-in-shantou-china
#12
Kun Lin, Xiaoping Yang, Yixi Wu, Shuru Chen, Guoshu Yin, Jianjun Zhan, Chujia Lin, Wencan Xu, Yongsong Chen, Dan Lin, Peiwen Xie, Yishan Fang, Qiuqiang Lin, Shaoda Lin
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of diabetes disease management program (DMP) on glycemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients in Shantou China.A sample of 240 participants recruited from 3C study Shantou subgroup was followed up in DMP for 3 years. The DMP provided self-management education, individualized therapy plan, diabetes complications screening, and laboratory examination periodical according to clinical practice guidelines. Primary outcomes were changes in hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032518/factors-contributing-to-individual-differences-in-facial-expression-categorisation
#13
Corinne Green, Kun Guo
Individuals vary in perceptual accuracy when categorising facial expressions, yet it is unclear how these individual differences in non-clinical population are related to cognitive processing stages at facial information acquisition and interpretation. We tested 104 healthy adults in a facial expression categorisation task, and correlated their categorisation accuracy with face-viewing gaze allocation and personal traits assessed with Autism Quotient, anxiety inventory and Self-Monitoring Scale. The gaze allocation had limited but emotion-specific impact on categorising expressions...
December 29, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018871/integration-of-chronic-disease-prevention-and-management-services-into-primary-care-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-pr1mac
#14
Martin Fortin, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Marie-France Dubois, Martin Bélanger, José Almirall, Tarek Bouhali, Maxime Sasseville
BACKGROUND: Chronic disease prevention and management programs are usually single-disease oriented. Our objective was to evaluate an intervention that targeted multiple chronic conditions and risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic randomized controlled trial involving patients aged 18-75 years with at least 1 of the targeted chronic conditions or risk factors from 8 primary care practices in the Saguenay region of Quebec, Canada, to evaluate an intervention that included self-management support and patient-centred motivational approaches...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017518/effectiveness-of-a-stress-management-pilot-program-aimed-at-reducing-the-incidence-of-sports-injuries-in-young-football-soccer-players
#15
Aurelio Olmedilla-Zafra, Victor J Rubio, Enrique Ortega, Alexandre García-Mas
OBJECTIVES: Several attempts to reduce the incidence of sport injuries using psychosocial interventions produced fruitful, although inconclusive results. This paper presents the effectiveness and implementation issues of a pilot 3-month stress-management and muscle relaxation program aimed at reducing sport injury incidence. DESIGN: Pre-post treatment-non treatment group comparison. PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION: The program was administered by a trained psychologist on a once-a-week, 1-h session basis...
September 6, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011812/impact-of-self-funding-on-patient-experience-of-oral-anticoagulation-self-monitoring-a-qualitative-study
#16
Alice Tompson, Carl Heneghan, Stephen Sutton, David Fitzmaurice, Alison Ward
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact self-funding has on patient experience of oral anticoagulation therapy self-monitoring. DESIGN: Semistructured, qualitative interviews were conducted. Transcripts were analysed thematically using constant comparison. SETTING: England. PARTICIPANTS: Interviewees were participants of the Cohort Study of Anticoagulation Self-Monitoring (CASM). Cohort members were recruited as they bought a monitor from the major manufacturer in the UK...
December 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008584/changes-in-quality-of-diabetes-care-and-morbidity-over-20-years-in-people-with-type-1-diabetes-and-long-diabetes-duration-the-jevin-trial
#17
T Heller, K Reise, J Roth, T Lehmann, R Schiel, S Lorkowski, U A Müller, N Müller
Background: The JEVIN trial started as a cross-sectional study in 1989/90 in Jena, a city of the former German Democratic Republic. At that time, the centralized diabetes care system was broken down and restarted 10 years later; structured treatment and teaching programs were implemented, blood glucose self-monitoring, insulin pump-systems and analogue insulin were introduced. We surveyed people with type-1-diabetes of the baseline JEVIN trial in a 20-year follow-up. Methods: 131 patients with type-1-diabetes were analyzed in 1989/90...
December 22, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007778/longitudinal-trajectories-of-metabolic-control-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood-in-type-1-diabetes-from-a-large-german-austrian-registry-a-group-based-modeling-approach
#18
Anke Schwandt, Julia M Hermann, Joachim Rosenbauer, Claudia Boettcher, Désirée Dunstheimer, Jürgen Grulich-Henn, Oliver Kuss, Birgit Rami-Merhar, Christian Vogel, Reinhard W Holl
OBJECTIVE: Worsening of glycemic control in type 1 diabetes during puberty is a common observation. However, HbA1c remains stable or even improves for some youths. The aim is to identify distinct patterns of glycemic control in type 1 diabetes from childhood to young adulthood. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 6,433 patients with type 1 diabetes were selected from the prospective, multicenter diabetes patient registry Diabetes-Patienten-Verlaufsdokumentation (DPV) (follow-up from age 8 to 19 years, baseline diabetes duration ≥2 years, HbA1c aggregated per year of life)...
December 22, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004902/effectiveness-of-step-into-health-program-sih-in-qatar-a-pedometer-based-longitudinal-study
#19
Mohamed G Al-Kuwari, Abdulla S Al-Mohannadi, Suzan Sayegh
BACKGROUND: This study examines the impact of a one-year pedometer-based intervention on increasing the physical activity level among adult population in Qatar. METHODS: This longitudinal study was conducted over a one-year period and included a total of 268 adults aged between 18-64 years old. Data were extracted and used from the "Step into Health" (SIH) program, a community-based program launched in 2012, as an approach to improve physical activity in Qatar. Walking intervention encouraged members of SIH to accumulate 10,000 steps or more per day and monitor their progress through a pedometer supported by a self-monitoring online account and a reinforcement system...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004473/a-qualitative-exploration-of-participants-experiences-of-taking-part-in-a-walking-programme-perceived-benefits-barriers-choices-and-use-of-intervention-resources
#20
Fiona Mitchell, Kirsten Stalker, Lynsay Matthews, Nanette Mutrie, Chris Melling, Alex McConnachie, Heather Murray, Craig A Melville
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience significant inequalities and tend to be more sedentary and less physically active than the wider population. Walking programmes are an effective way to increase physical activity (PA) but have not been used in studies involving adults with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: Nineteen adults with intellectual disabilities participated in semistructured interviews or focus groups exploring their experiences of taking part in a walking programme (Walk Well)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
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