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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331169/the-introduction-of-simple-cardiorespiratory-fitness-testing-in-overweight-obese-type-2-diabetics-a-pilot-study
#1
Ľubica Cibičková, David Karásek, Jiří Lukeš, Norbert Cibiček
BACKGROUND: Low level of cardiorespiratory fitness has been recognized as an important independent and modifiable risk factor of increased morbidity and mortality. However, in standard outpatient settings, patients are not routinely screened for fitness and advantages of such testing for the management of type 2 diabetes have not been defined. Aim To describe the toleration of a fast, simple and practicable fitness test (2-min step-in-place test) by overweight/obese type 2 diabetics and their performance indicated by 2-min step-in-place test score (STS)...
January 14, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330140/exploring-entertainment-medicine-and-professionalization-of-self-care-interview-study-among-doctors-on-the-potential-effects-of-digital-self-tracking
#2
Katleen Gabriels, Tania Moerenhout
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, digital self-tracking devices offer a plethora of possibilities to both healthy and chronically ill users who want to closely examine their body. This study suggests that self-tracking in a private setting will lead to shifting understandings in professional care. To provide more insight into these shifts, this paper seeks to lay bare the promises and challenges of self-tracking while staying close to the everyday professional experience of the physician. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to (1) offer an analysis of how medical doctors evaluate self-tracking methods in their practice and (2) explore the anticipated shifts that digital self-care will bring about in relation to our findings and those of other studies...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330081/optimization-of-a-technology-supported-physical-activity-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors-fit2thrive-study-protocol
#3
Siobhan M Phillips, Linda M Collins, Frank J Penedo, Kerry S Courneya, Whitney Welch, Alison Cottrell, Gillian R Lloyd, Kara Gavin, David Cella, Ronald T Ackermann, Juned Siddique, Bonnie Spring
Fit2Thrive is a theory-guided physical activity promotion trial using the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) to test efficacy for improving physical activity of five technology-supported physical activity promotion intervention components among breast cancer survivors. This trial will recruit 256 inactive breast cancer survivors nationwide. All participants will receive the core intervention which includes a Fitbit and standard self-monitoring Fit2Thrive smartphone application which will be downloaded to their personal phone...
January 9, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329530/design-and-evaluation-of-a-mobile-application-to-assist-the-self-monitoring-of-the-chronic-kidney-disease-in-developing-countries
#4
Alvaro Sobrinho, Leandro Dias da Silva, Angelo Perkusich, Maria Eliete Pinheiro, Paulo Cunha
BACKGROUND: The chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide critical problem, especially in developing countries. CKD patients usually begin their treatment in advanced stages, which requires dialysis and kidney transplantation, and consequently, affects mortality rates. This issue is faced by a mobile health (mHealth) application (app) that aims to assist the early diagnosis and self-monitoring of the disease progression. METHODS: A user-centered design (UCD) approach involving health professionals (nurse and nephrologists) and target users guided the development process of the app between 2012 and 2016...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326098/cognitive-and-behavioral-skills-exercises-completed-by-patients-with-major-depression-during-smartphone-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Toshi A Furukawa, Masaru Horikoshi, Hirokazu Fujita, Naohisa Tsujino, Ran Jinnin, Yuki Kako, Sei Ogawa, Hirotoshi Sato, Nobuki Kitagawa, Yoshihiro Shinagawa, Yoshio Ikeda, Hissei Imai, Aran Tajika, Yusuke Ogawa, Tatsuo Akechi, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Shinji Shimodera, Norio Watanabe, Masatoshi Inagaki, Akio Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: A strong and growing body of evidence has demonstrated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), either face-to-face, in person, or as self-help via the Internet, for depression. However, CBT is a complex intervention consisting of several putatively effective components, and how each component may or may not contribute to the overall effectiveness of CBT is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate how the users of smartphone CBT use and benefit from various components of the program...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325664/results-of-the-clinician-apps-survey-how-clinicians-working-with-patients-with-diabetes-and-obesity-use-mobile-health-apps
#6
Justine Karduck, Karen Chapman-Novakofski
OBJECTIVE: To develop and administer a questionnaire to determine what factors may be associated with app use (including frequency of use, reasons to recommend to clients/patients, perceived effectiveness on health, health aspects used, features, and types of apps) by clinicians working in diabetes and weight management patient care settings. METHODS: The Clinician Apps Survey was developed and contained 3 question domains (smartphone apps use, behavior theory in counseling sessions, and demographics) to explore frequency, types, preferred features, benefits/barriers of using apps, counseling techniques used, and clinician demographics...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325663/daily-and-seasonal-influences-on-dietary-self-monitoring-using-a-smartphone-application
#7
Christine A Pellegrini, David E Conroy, Siobhan M Phillips, Angela Fidler Pfammatter, H Gene McFadden, Bonnie Spring
OBJECTIVE: To examine within-person variation in dietary self-monitoring during a 6-month technology-supported weight loss trial as a function of time-varying factors including time in the study, day of the week, and month of the year. METHODS: Smartphone self-monitoring data were examined from 31 obese adults (aged 18-60 years) who participated in a 6-month technology-supported weight loss program. Multilevel regression modeling was used to examine within-person variation in dietary self-monitoring...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325657/my-quest-an-intervention-using-text-messaging-to-improve-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-and-promote-weight-loss-in-low-income-women
#8
Jamie B Griffin, Barb Struempler, Katie Funderburk, Sondra M Parmer, Cecilia Tran, Danielle D Wadsworth
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in dietary and physical activity behaviors and weight after implementation of a 12-week text messaging initiative (My Quest). DESIGN: The researchers conducted a 1-group, pre- to posttest study design to determine changes after implementation of a text messaging initiative developed using the tenets of the Social Cognitive Theory. SETTING: A total of 55 Alabama counties (84% rural) with high rates of poverty, overweight/obesity, and chronic diseases...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324808/a-novel-prescription-pedometer-assisted-walking-intervention-and-weight-management-for-chinese-occupational-population
#9
Yingxiang Yu, Yiran Lv, Bin Yao, Liguang Duan, Xiaoyuan Zhang, Lan Xie, Cuiqing Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Information technology has been previously used for the research and practice of health promotion. Appropriate and effective health promotion methods used by professional groups remain to be investigated. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a weight management program among the Chinese occupational population using and a novel information technology exercise prescription. STUDY DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A 3-month open, self-monitored intervention trial, involving individualized pedometer-assisted exercise prescription and a one-time targeted dietary guidance prior to exercise was conducted on the Chinese occupational population aged 18-65 years in China from 2015 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320884/correlation-between-third-trimester-glycemic-variability-in-non-insulin-dependent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-adverse-pregnancy-and-fetal-outcomes
#10
Wanwadee Sapmee Panyakat, Chayawat Phatihattakorn, Apiradee Sriwijitkamol, Prasert Sunsaneevithayakul, Amprapha Phaophan, Aporn Phichitkanka
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a pregnancy-related metabolic complication. Despite optimal glycemic control from self-monitoring blood glucose (SMBG) in non-insulin-dependent GDM, variations in pregnancy outcomes persist. Glycemic variability is believed to be a factor that causes adverse pregnancy outcomes. Continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) detects interstitial glucose values every 5 minutes, and glycemic variability data from CGMS during the third trimester may be a predictor of fetal birth weight and pregnancy outcomes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317379/effect-of-a-gender-tailored-ehealth-weight-loss-program-on-the-depressive-symptoms-of-overweight-and-obese-men-pre-post-study
#11
Myles D Young, Philip J Morgan
BACKGROUND: Obesity and depression are of two of the largest contributors to the global burden of disease in men. Although lifestyle behavior change programs can improve participants' weight and depressive symptoms, the evidence is limited by a lack of male participants and a reliance on face-to-face treatment approaches, which are not accessible or appealing for many men. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of a gender-tailored electronic health (eHealth) program on the depressive symptoms of a community sample of overweight and obese men with or without depression...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316149/measure-accurately-act-rapidly-and-partner-with-patients-map-improves-hypertension-control-in-medically-underserved-patients-care-coordination-institute-and-american-medical-association-hypertension-control-project-pilot-study-results
#12
Robert B Hanlin, Irfan M Asif, Gregory Wozniak, Susan E Sutherland, Bijal Shah, Jianing Yang, Robert A Davis, Sean T Bryan, Michael Rakotz, Brent M Egan
Measure Accurately, Act Rapidly, and Partner With Patients (MAP) is an evidence-based protocol implemented to improve hypertension control in a clinic for underserved patients (49.9% Medicaid and 50.2% black). Patients with hypertension seen during the year before intervention and with at least one visit during the 6-month intervention (N = 714) were included. If initial attended blood pressure (BP; standard aneroid manometer) was ≥140/≥90 mm Hg, unattended automated office BP was measured in triplicate and averaged (Measure Accurately) using an Omron HEM-907XL...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314667/clinical-characteristics-of-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-discordance-between-hba1c-and-fasting-plasma-glucose-in-the-real-world-an-analysis-of-the-orbit-study
#13
Hua Shu, Juming Lu, Puhong Zhang, Dongshan Zhu, Xian Li, Jiachao Ji, Fang Zhao, Linong Ji
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the clinical characteristics of type 2 diabetes patients on basal insulin therapy with inadequate glucose control due to discordance between glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) in the real world. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data from the ORBIT study in China. Clinical characteristics of patients with discordance between HbA1c and FPG at baseline and at the end of 6 months of follow-up were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression in 4 study groups devided by HbA1c and FPG...
January 3, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313363/effectiveness-acceptability-and-usefulness-of-mobile-applications-for-cardiovascular-disease-self-management-systematic-review-with-meta-synthesis-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-data
#14
Genevieve M Coorey, Lis Neubeck, John Mulley, Julie Redfern
Background Mobile technologies are innovative, scalable approaches to reducing risk of cardiovascular disease but evidence related to effectiveness and acceptability remains limited. We aimed to explore the effectiveness, acceptability and usefulness of mobile applications (apps) for cardiovascular disease self-management and risk factor control. Design Systematic review with meta-synthesis of quantitative and qualitative data. Methods Comprehensive search of multiple databases (Medline, Embase, CINAHL, SCOPUS and Cochrane CENTRAL) and grey literature...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310911/attenuated-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-childhood-and-adult-onset-schizophrenia
#15
Rebecca E Watsky, Stephen J Gotts, Rebecca A Berman, Harrison M McAdams, Xueping Zhou, Dede Greenstein, Francois M Lalonde, Peter Gochman, Liv S Clasen, Lorie Shora, Anna E Ordóñez, Nitin Gogtay, Alex Martin, Deanna M Barch, Judith L Rapoport, Siyuan Liu
BACKGROUND: Childhood-onset schizophrenia (COS) is a rare, severe form of the adult-onset disorder (AOS). Our previous resting-state fMRI study identified attenuated functional connectivity in COS compared with controls. Here, we ask whether COS and AOS patients and their siblings exhibit similar abnormalities of functional connectivity. METHODS: A whole-brain, data-driven approach was used to assess resting-state functional connectivity differences in COS (patients/siblings/controls, n: 26/28/33) and AOS (n: 19/28/30)...
January 6, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306878/seasonal-variation-in-home-blood-pressure-findings-from-nationwide-web-based-monitoring-in-japan
#16
Toshiyuki Iwahori, Katsuyuki Miura, Keiichi Obayashi, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Hiroshi Nakajima, Toshikazu Shiga, Hirotsugu Ueshima
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to assess seasonal variation in home blood pressure (BP) among free-living nationwide participants using home BP values accumulated from a web-based healthcare platform established in Japan. SETTINGS: An observational study. OMRON Healthcare Co., Ltd. has been developing web-based personal healthcare record systems in Japan since November 2010; over two million voluntary participants had joined this platform in September 2015. Nationwide home BP measurements made by oscillometric-type electronic sphygmomanometers from over 110 000 voluntary participants have been transmitted to the system from devices...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298748/from-ehealth-to-ihealth-transition-to-participatory-and-personalized-medicine-in-mental-health
#17
Sofian Berrouiguet, Mercedes M Perez-Rodriguez, Mark Larsen, Enrique Baca-García, Philippe Courtet, Maria Oquendo
Clinical assessment in psychiatry is commonly based on findings from brief, regularly scheduled in-person appointments. Although critically important, this approach reduces assessment to cross-sectional observations that miss essential information about disease course. The mental health provider makes all medical decisions based on this limited information. Thanks to recent technological advances such as mobile phones and other personal devices, electronic health (eHealth) data collection strategies now can provide access to real-time patient self-report data during the interval between visits...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289702/study-protocol-for-log2lose-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-financial-incentives-for-dietary-self-monitoring-and-interim-weight-loss-in-adults-with-obesity
#18
Corrine I Voils, Erica Levine, Jennifer M Gierisch, Jane Pendergast, Sarah L Hale, Megan A McVay, Shelby D Reed, William S Yancy, Gary Bennett, Elizabeth M Strawbridge, Allison C White, Ryan J Shaw
The obesity epidemic has negative physical, psychological, and financial consequences. Despite the existence of effective behavioral weight loss interventions, many individuals do not achieve adequate weight loss, and most regain lost weight in the year following intervention. We report the rationale and design for a 2×2 factorial study that involves financial incentives for dietary self-monitoring (yes vs. no) and/or interim weight loss (yes vs. no). Outpatients with obesity participate in a 24-week, group-based weight loss intervention...
December 28, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288406/does-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-affect-key-outcomes-in-women-participating-in-a-diabetes-prevention-program
#19
Sarah M Brokaw, Dorota Carpenedo, Paul Campbell, Marcene K Butcher, Steven D Helgerson, Todd S Harwell
Objectives To evaluate lifestyle change outcomes among women with and without a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) enrolled in the Montana Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). Methods Participation, self-monitoring behavior, weight loss, and cardiometabolic risk reduction were compared among 5091 women at high-risk for type 2 diabetes, with and without a history of GDM, enrolled in the Montana DPP between 2008 and 2015. Results Women with a history of GDM (6% of enrolled women, n = 283) were significantly younger than women without GDM...
December 29, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284456/blood-pressure-self-monitoring-in-pregnancy-examining-feasibility-in-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
Katherine L Tucker, Kathryn S Taylor, Carole Crawford, James A Hodgkinson, Clare Bankhead, Tricia Carver, Elizabeth Ewers, Margaret Glogowska, Sheila M Greenfield, Lucy Ingram, Lisa Hinton, Khalid S Khan, Louise Locock, Lucy Mackillop, Christine McCourt, Alexander M Pirie, Richard Stevens, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: Raised blood pressure (BP) affects approximately 10% of pregnancies worldwide, and a high proportion of affected women develop pre-eclampsia. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of self-monitoring of BP in pregnancy in women at higher risk of pre-eclampsia. METHODS: This prospective cohort study of self-monitoring BP in pregnancy was carried out in two hospital trusts in Birmingham and Oxford and thirteen primary care practices in Oxfordshire...
December 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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