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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728912/electric-stimulation-of-the-right-temporo-parietal-junction-induces-a-task-specific-effect-in-deceptive-behaviors
#1
Yasuki Noguchi, Rei Oizumi
How the brain generates a lie is an important and unsolved issue in neuroscience. Previous studies indicated that mentalizing, the ability to understand and manipulate the mental states of others, plays a critical role in successful deception. Accordingly, recent neuroimaging studies reported deception-related activity in the right temporo-parietal junction (rTPJ), a brain region closely related to the mentalizing ability. Detailed functions of rTPJ in deception, however, remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated a causal relationship between rTPJ and deception using transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS)...
July 17, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724842/short-term-effect-of-back-school-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-involving-multidisciplinary-collaboration
#2
Ryo Motoya, Koji Otani, Takuya Nikaido, Yoko Ono, Takatomo Matsumoto, Ryohei Yamagishi, Shoji Yabuki, Shin-Ichi Konno, Shin-Ichi Niwa, Hirooki Yabe
ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to develop a comprehensive back school program that included elements of CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), implement this through multidisciplinary collaboration, and ascertain its effectiveness as a pilot study. DesignThis school was implemented in the form of five 90-minute group sessions held every other week.MethodsParticipants comprised 7 chronic low back pain patients with poor improvement in the usual treatment. Practitioners were orthopaedic surgeon, physical therapist, and a clinical psychologist...
July 20, 2017: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724718/poor-reliability-and-poor-adherence-to-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-are-common-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-may-be-associated-with-poor-pregnancy-outcomes
#3
Emmanuel Cosson, Baz Baz, Françoise Gary, Isabelle Pharisien, Minh Tuan Nguyen, Dorian Sandre-Banon, Yahya Jaber, Camille Cussac-Pillegand, Isabela Banu, Lionel Carbillon, Paul Valensi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the compliance with self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and the reliability of diabetes logbooks in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), as well as the associated determinants and outcomes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We prospectively selected French-speaking women with newly diagnosed GDM who had been referred to our diabetes management program and understood SMBG principles. At the next follow-up visit, we collected SMBG results from glucose meters and logbooks...
July 19, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722480/efficacy-and-safety-of-biosimilar-sar342434-insulin-lispro-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-also-using-insulin-glargine-sorella-1-study
#4
Satish Garg, Karin Wernicke-Panten, Maria Rojeski, Suzanne Pierre, Yvonne Kirchhein, Krystyna Jedynasty
BACKGROUND: SAR342434 is a biosimilar (follow-on) of insulin lispro-Humalog®. This study aimed to show similar efficacy, safety and immunogenicity of SAR342434 (SAR-Lis) versus insulin lispro-Humalog (Ly-Lis) in adult patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) treated with multiple daily injections while using basal insulin glargine (Lantus®; GLA100GLA-100). MATERIALS AND METHODS: SORELLA-1 was a randomized, open-label Phase 3 study (NCT02273180). Patients completing the 6-month main study continued on SAR-Lis or Ly-Lis, as randomized, for a 6-month safety extension...
July 19, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720103/an-information-and-communication-technology-based-centralized-clinical-trial-to-determine-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-insulin-dose-adjustment-education-based-on-a-smartphone-personal-health-record-application-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Gyuri Kim, Ji Cheol Bae, Byoung Kee Yi, Kyu Yeon Hur, Dong Kyung Chang, Moon-Kyu Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim, Sang-Man Jin
BACKGROUND: A Personal Health Record (PHR) is an online application that allows patients to access, manage, and share their health data. PHRs not only enhance shared decision making with healthcare providers, but also enable remote monitoring and at-home-collection of detailed data. The benefits of PHRs can be maximized in insulin dose adjustment for patients starting or intensifying insulin regimens, as frequent self-monitoring of glucose, self-adjustment of insulin dose, and precise at-home data collection during the visit-to-visit period are important for glycemic control...
July 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713443/e-healthcare-for-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-slovenia
#6
Rade Iljaž, Andrej Brodnik, Tatjana Zrimec, Iztok Cukjati
BACKGROUND: Telemonitoring and web-based interventions are increasingly used in primary-care practices in many countries for more effective management of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). A new approach in treating patients with diabetes mellitus in family practices, based on ICT use and nurse practitioners, has been introduced and evaluated in this study. METHOD: Fifteen Slovene family practices enrolled 120 DM patients treated only with a diet regime and/or tablets into the study...
September 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712738/a-technology-supported-collaboration-between-a-health-plan-and-a-community-pharmacy-to-improve-blood-pressure-control
#7
Caitlin K Frail, Susan Cooper, Tim Gallagher, Josh Sarkis, Laura Topor, Richard J Bruzek
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a health plan and community pharmacy partnership to improve blood pressure control. SETTING: A midwestern health plan and a regional community pharmacy chain. PRACTICE INNOVATION: Health plan members with a hypertension diagnosis and attributed to the pharmacy chain based on prescription claims were invited to participate. Interested patients enrolled in the program at their pharmacies and were assigned a "smart card" for use with a blood pressure kiosk in the pharmacy...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708798/the-nursing-performance-instrument-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analyses-in-registered-nurses
#8
Knar Sagherian, Linsey M Steege, Jeanne Geiger-Brown, Donna Harrington
BACKGROUND: The optimal performance of nurses in healthcare settings plays a critical role in care quality and patient safety. Despite this importance, few measures are provided in the literature that evaluate nursing performance as an independent construct from competencies. The nine-item Nursing Performance Instrument (NPI) was developed to fill this gap. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine and confirm the underlying factor structure of the NPI in registered nurses...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705994/wearable-brain-imaging-with-multi-modal-physiological-recording
#9
Gary E Strangman, Vladimir Ivkovic, Quan Zhang
The brain is a central component of cognitive and physical human performance. Measures including functional brain activation, cerebral perfusion, cerebral oxygenation, evoked electrical responses, and resting hemodynamic and electrical activity are all related to, or can predict health status or performance decrements. However, measuring brain physiology typically requires large, stationary machines that are not suitable for mobile or self-monitoring. Moreover, when individuals are ambulatory, systemic physiological fluctuations-e...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704063/evaluation-of-accuracy-of-six-blood-glucose-monitoring-systems-and-modeling-of-possibly-related-insulin-dosing-errors
#10
Annette Baumstark, Nina Jendrike, Stefan Pleus, Cornelia Haug, Guido Freckmann
OBJECTIVE: Self-monitoring of blood glucose (BG) is an essential part of diabetes therapy. Accurate and reliable results from BG monitoring systems (BGMS) are important especially when they are used to calculate insulin doses. This study aimed at assessing system accuracy of BGMS and possibly related insulin dosing errors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: System accuracy of six different BGMS (Accu-Chek(®) Aviva Nano, Accu-Chek Mobile, Accu-Chek Performa Nano, CONTOUR(®) NEXT LINK 2...
July 13, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702210/successful-weight-loss-maintainers-use-health-tracking-smartphone-applications-more-than-a-nationally-representative-sample-comparison-of-the-national-weight-control-registry-to-pew-tracking-for-health
#11
C M Goldstein, J G Thomas, R R Wing, D S Bond
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to evaluate successful weight loss maintainers' use of self-monitoring technology. METHODS: National Weight Control Registry (NWCR) participants, who maintained a ≥13.6 kg weight loss for ≥1 year, completed an online survey about self-monitoring technology use. The NWCR sample (n = 794) was compared with a demographically similar subsample of 833 individuals answering the same questions in the Pew Tracking for Health Survey...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699483/physical-disability-and-diabetes-mellitus-qualitative-exploration-of-patients-perception-and-behavior
#12
Syed Wasif Gillani, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul, Sherif Yahya Saad
BACKGROUND: Disability is a key indicator implicating both overall morbidity and success of public health efforts to compress the period of morbidity among geriatrics for the overall population. Disabilities are more prevalent among diabetics than among those without diabetes. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine self-monitoring practices, awareness to dietary modifications and barriers to medication adherence among physically disabled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients...
July 10, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698830/prevalence-and-predictors-of-home-use-of-glucometers-in-diabetic-patients
#13
Syed A Farhan, Ali T Shaikh, Maria Zia, Bilal R Kahara, Ramsha Muneer, Muzna Rehman, Ayesha Mubashir, Hassaan Sadiq, Durr-E-Amna Siddiqui, Syed M Haseeb, Hafsa Tanveer, Khadijah Siddiq, Saib B Mujtaba, Samir A Mirza, Hira Feroz, Kaneez Fatima
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is a critical component of diabetes care. However, it has been shown that use of glucometers in developing countries such as Pakistan is limited. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of glucometer usage in the urban diabetic population of Karachi and to identify variables that influenced the likelihood of practice of SMBG. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 567 adult diabetic patients selected at random from the out-patient departments of multiple healthcare institutions in Karachi categorized into two settings; Government and Private...
June 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697625/effects-of-structured-versus-unstructured-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-on-glucose-control-in-patients-with-non-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
Edoardo Mannucci, Alessandro Antenore, Francesco Giorgino, Marina Scavini
BACKGROUND: The use of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) in patients with non-insulin-treated type 2 diabetes is debated. Meta-analyses of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) suggest a small reduction of HbA1c in patients using SMBG, without considering potential confounders, such as SMBG regimen and use of SMBG data to adjust diabetes medications. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed including RCTs in patients with non-insulin-treated type 2 diabetes, with an intervention of ≥24 weeks and HbA1c as the primary endpoint, to verify the effect of SMBG (vs no monitoring), structured SMBG (vs unstructured), and of SMBG-driven therapy adjustments...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696389/strategies-to-improve-adherence-to-dietary-weight-loss-interventions-in-research-and-real-world-settings
#15
REVIEW
Alice A Gibson, Amanda Sainsbury
Dietary interventions are the cornerstone of obesity treatment. The optimal dietary approach to weight loss is a hotly debated topic among health professionals and the lay public alike. An emerging body of evidence suggests that a higher level of adherence to a diet, regardless of the type of diet, is an important factor in weight loss success over the short and long term. Key strategies to improve adherence include designing dietary weight loss interventions (such as ketogenic diets) that help to control the increased drive to eat that accompanies weight loss, tailoring dietary interventions to a person's dietary preferences (and nutritional requirements), and promoting self-monitoring of food intake...
July 11, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693472/hospital-staffs-perceptions-of-an-electronic-program-to-engage-patients-in-nutrition-care-at-the-bedside-a-qualitative-study
#16
Shelley Roberts, Andrea Marshall, Wendy Chaboyer
BACKGROUND: Advancements in technology are enabling patients to participate in their health care through self-monitoring and self-management of diet, exercise and chronic disease. Technologies allowing patients to participate in hospital care are still emerging but show promise. Our team is developing a program by which hospitalised patients can participate in their nutrition care. This study explores hospital staffs' perceptions of using this technology to engage patients in their care...
July 11, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683577/social-support-for-changing-multiple-behaviors-factors-associated-with-seeking-support-and-the-impact-of-offered-support
#17
Mary L Greaney, Elaine Puleo, Kim Sprunck-Harrild, Jess Haines, Serena C Houghton, Karen M Emmons
INTRODUCTION: Social support is important for behavior change, and it may be particularly important for the complexities of changing multiple risk behaviors (MRB). Research is needed to determine if participants in an MRB intervention can be encouraged to activate their social network to aid their change efforts. METHODS: Healthy Directions 2, a cluster-randomized controlled trial of an intervention conducted in two urban health centers, targeted five behaviors (physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, red meat consumption, multivitamin use, and smoking)...
July 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681612/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-based-on-the-health-action-process-approach-for-increasing-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-iranian-adolescents
#18
Chung-Ying Lin, Janneke F M Scheerman, Mehdi Yaseri, Amir H Pakpour, Thomas L Webb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an intervention programme based on the Health Action Process Approach and designed to increase the intake of fruit and vegetables (F&V) among Iranian adolescents aged 13 to 18. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial with three arms examined the short- (1 month) and long-term (6 months) effects of the intervention. There were two intervention groups (one included adolescents only [A group; n = 510]; the second included mothers and adolescents [M + A group; n = 462]) and a control group (n = 483)...
July 6, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678188/time-to-consider-use-of-the-sodium-to-potassium-ratio-for-practical-sodium-reduction-and-potassium-increase
#19
REVIEW
Toshiyuki Iwahori, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima
Pathogenetic studies have demonstrated that the interdependency of sodium and potassium affects blood pressure. Emerging evidences on the sodium-to-potassium ratio show benefits for a reduction in sodium and an increase in potassium compared to sodium and potassium separately. As presently there is no known review, this article examined the practical use of the sodium-to-potassium ratio in daily practice. Epidemiological studies suggest that the urinary sodium-to-potassium ratio may be a superior metric as compared to separate sodium and potassium values for determining the relation to blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risks...
July 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674125/the-effect-of-guided-self-determination-on-self-management-in-persons-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-hba1c-%C3%A2-64-mmol-mol-a-group-based-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Jannike Mohn, Marit Graue, Jõrg Assmus, Vibeke Zoffmann, Hrafnkell Thordarson, Mark Peyrot, Berit Rokne
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the impact of guided self-determination (GSD) applied in group training (GSD-GT) in people with chronically elevated HbA1c and type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) was superior to 'care as usual' in improving HbA1c and psychological functioning. SETTING: An outpatient clinic at a university hospital in Western Norway. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 178 adults (all Caucasian) aged 18-55 (mean age 36.7±10.7, 62% women) with type 1 DM for at least 1 year and HbA1c ≥64 mmol/mol (8...
July 3, 2017: BMJ Open
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