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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544457/both-the-frequency-of-hba1c-testing-and-the-frequency-of-smbg-predict-metabolic-control-a-multicenter-analysis-of-15-199-adult-type-1-diabetes-patients-from-germany-and-austria
#1
A Schwandt, F Best, T Biester, A Grünerbel, F Kopp, D Krakow, M Laimer, C Wagner, R W Holl
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine the association between metabolic control and frequency of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurements and of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), as well as the interaction of both. METHODS: Data of 15,199 adult type 1 diabetes patients registered in a standardized electronic health record (DPV) were included. To model the association between metabolic control and frequency of HbA1c testing or of SMBG, multiple hierarchic regression models with adjustment for confounders were fitted...
May 19, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544391/the-experience-sampling-method-as-an-mhealth-tool-to-support-self-monitoring-self-insight-and-personalized-health-care-in-clinical-practice
#2
Jim van Os, Simone Verhagen, Anne Marsman, Frenk Peeters, Maarten Bak, Machteld Marcelis, Marjan Drukker, Ulrich Reininghaus, Nele Jacobs, Tineke Lataster, Claudia Simons, Richel Lousberg, Sinan Gülöksüz, Carsten Leue, Peter C Groot, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Philippe Delespaul
BACKGROUND: The experience sampling method (ESM) builds an intensive time series of experiences and contexts in the flow of daily life, typically consisting of around 70 reports, collected at 8-10 random time points per day over a period of up to 10 days. METHODS: With the advent of widespread smartphone use, ESM can be used in routine clinical practice. Multiple examples of ESM data collections across different patient groups and settings are shown and discussed, varying from an ESM evaluation of a 6-week randomized trial of mindfulness, to a twin study on emotion dynamics in daily life...
May 23, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541572/shared-responsibility-for-type-1-diabetes-care-is-associated-with-glycemic-variability-and-risk-of-glycemic-excursions-in-youth
#3
Arwen M Marker, Amy E Noser, Mark A Clements, Susana R Patton
We examined how parent and youth responsibility for type 1 diabetes (T1D) care is related to adherence and glycemic outcomes, namely, glycemic variability and risk of glycemic excursions. One hundred thirty-five parent-youth dyads (10-16 years old; diagnosed with T1D for at least 6 months) participated in this study. Percent responsibility of T1D care attributed to the youth, parent, or shared was measured using the Diabetes Family Responsibility Questionnaire. We collected youth's hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and glucometer downloads to examine relationships between responsibility and HbA1c, frequency of blood glucose monitoring (self-monitoring blood glucose, SMBG), risk of glycemic excursions, and actual glycemic variability using bivariate correlations and path analysis...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541194/reduction-of-blood-glucose-measurements-to-calibrate-subcutaneous-glucose-sensors-a-bayesian-multi-day-framework
#4
Giada Acciaroli, Martina Vettoretti, Andrea Facchinetti, Giovanni Sparacino, Claudio Cobelli
OBJECTIVE: In most continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices used for diabetes management, the electrical signal measured by the sensor is transformed to glucose concentration by a calibration function whose parameters are estimated using self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) samples. The calibration function is usually a linear model approximating the nonlinear relationship between electrical signal and glucose concentration in certain time intervals. Thus, CGM devices require frequent calibrations, usually twice a day...
May 23, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541137/clinical-use-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Anders L Carlson, Deborah M Mullen, Richard M Bergenstal
Hemoglobin A1c is an excellent population health measure for the risk of vascular complications in diabetes, while continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is a tool to help personalize a diabetes treatment plan. The value of CGM in individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been well demonstrated when compared with utilizing self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) to guide treatment decisions. CGM is a tool for patients and clinicians to visualize the important role that diet, exercise, stress management, and the appropriate selection of diabetes medications can have in managing type 2 diabetes (T2D)...
May 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541132/how-can-we-realize-the-clinical-benefits-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring
#6
Ramzi A Ajjan
Controlling glycemia in diabetes remains key to prevent complications in this condition. However, glucose levels can undergo large fluctuations secondary to daily activities, consequently creating management difficulties. The current review summarizes the basics of glucose management in diabetes by addressing the main glycemic parameters. The advantages and limitation of HbA1c, the gold standard measure of glucose control, are discussed together with the clinical importance of hypoglycemia and glycemic variability...
May 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540104/pseudohyperglycemia-effects-of-unwashed-hand-after-fruit-peeling-or-handling-on-fingertips-blood-glucose-monitoring-results
#7
M A Olamoyegun, T Oloyede, O G Adewoye, S O Abdulkarim, A A Adeleke
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is an important component of management for diabetes mellitus (DM), especially in T1DM and T2DM patients who are on insulin therapy. Adequate blood glucose monitoring and prompt intervention are necessary to prevent blood glucose (BG) fluctuation and delay long-term diabetes complications. People with DM are advised to clean their hands before SMBG to remove any dirt or food residue that might affect the reading. AIM: The study tested the hypothesis that falsely elevated BG levels from fingertip occur after peeling or handling fruits in an unwashed hand...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536089/smart-devices-for-older-adults-managing-chronic-disease-a-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
Ben Yb Kim, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: The emergence of smartphones and tablets featuring vastly advancing functionalities (eg, sensors, computing power, interactivity) has transformed the way mHealth interventions support chronic disease management for older adults. Baby boomers have begun to widely adopt smart devices and have expressed their desire to incorporate technologies into their chronic care. Although smart devices are actively used in research, little is known about the extent, characteristics, and range of smart device-based interventions...
May 23, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532724/the-impact-of-self-monitoring-food-intake-on-motivation-physical-activity-and-weight-loss-in-rural-adults
#9
Jill R Reed, Leeza Struwe, Matthew R Bice, Bernice C Yates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529971/a-comparative-effectiveness-trial-of-three-walking-self-monitoring-strategies
#10
Caroline R Richardson, David E Goodrich, Angela R Larkin, David Ronis, Robert G Holleman, Laura J Damschroder, Julie C Lowery
PURPOSE: Walking programs improve health outcomes in adults at risk for cardiovascular disease and self-monitoring strategies can improve adherence to such programs. The objective of this study was to determine if a six-month internet-based walking program using web-enhanced pedometers results in more weight loss than walking programs based on time or simple pedometer-step count goals in adults with or at risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: This was a multi-site, randomized controlled trial of 255 male Veterans who were ambulatory, insufficiently active, BMI ≥ 28, and who reported 1 ≥ CVD risk factors...
November 2016: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528246/the-canadian-hypoglycemia-assessment-tool-program-insights-into-rates-and-implications-of-hypoglycemia-from-an-observational-study
#11
Ronnie Aronson, Ronald Goldenberg, Damir Boras, Rasmus Skovgaard, Harpreet Bajaj
OBJECTIVE: The true prevalence of hypoglycemia in insulin-treated patients with diabetes and its impact on patients, employers and healthcare providers is poorly appreciated owing to a paucity of real-world data. The global Hypoglycemia Assessment Tool (HAT) study addressed this issue, and here we report data from the Canadian cohort of patients. METHODS: This noninterventional, 6-month retrospective and 4-week prospective study enrolled patients aged ≥18 years receiving insulin treatment for >12 months from community endocrinology practices...
May 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526665/the-sensor-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study-of-self-management-checks-to-predict-exacerbations-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-patients-with-long-term-respiratory-conditions
#12
Claire Roberts, Thomas L Jones, Samal Gunatilake, Will Storrar, Scott Elliott, Sharon Glaysher, Ben Green, Steven Rule, Carole Fogg, Ann Dewey, Kevin A Auton, Anoop J Chauhan
BACKGROUND: There are an estimated three million people in the United Kingdom with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the incidence of bronchiectasis is estimated at around 0.1% but is more common in COPD and severe asthma. Both COPD and bronchiectasis are characterized by exacerbations in which bacteria play a central role. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is isolated from sputum samples from 4% to 15% of adults with COPD and is more likely to be isolated from patients with severe disease...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526329/a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-time-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Lissa Spencer, Renae McNamara, Susan Sims, Zoe McKeough
INTRODUCTION: Replacing sedentary behaviour with light intensity physical activity (ie, activities classified as less than three metabolic equivalents, such as slow-paced walking) may be a more realistic strategy for reducing cardiometabolic risk in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than only aiming to increase levels of moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity. Behaviour change interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have not yet been developed or tested...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#14
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522967/sources-of-phoneme-errors-in-repetition-perseverative-neologistic-and-lesion-patterns-in-jargon-aphasia
#15
Emma Pilkington, James Keidel, Luke T Kendrick, James D Saddy, Karen Sage, Holly Robson
This study examined patterns of neologistic and perseverative errors during word repetition in fluent Jargon aphasia. The principal hypotheses accounting for Jargon production indicate that poor activation of a target stimulus leads to weakly activated target phoneme segments, which are outcompeted at the phonological encoding level. Voxel-lesion symptom mapping studies of word repetition errors suggest a breakdown in the translation from auditory-phonological analysis to motor activation. Behavioral analyses of repetition data were used to analyse the target relatedness (Phonological Overlap Index: POI) of neologistic errors and patterns of perseveration in 25 individuals with Jargon aphasia...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520551/strategies-for-sustained-weight-management-perspectives-from-african-american-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Felicia Hill-Briggs
Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify effective strategies for sustained weight management used by African American patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Methods In this study, nominal group technique was used to identify effective strategies for weight management used by 12 African Americans with overweight/obesity and type 2 diabetes who successfully lost or maintained their weight after completing DECIDE (Decision-making Education for Choices In Diabetes Everyday), a 9-module, literacy-adapted diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) education and problem-solving training program...
June 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517112/patterns-and-correlates-of-adherence-to-self-monitoring-in-lung-transplant-recipients-during-the-first-12-months-after-discharge-from-transplant
#17
Lu Hu, Annette DeVito Dabbs, Mary Amanda Dew, Susan M Sereika, Jennifer H Lingler
Self-monitoring of lung function, vital signs, and symptoms is crucial for lung transplant recipients (LTRs) to ensure early detection of complications and prompt intervention. This study sought to identify patterns and correlates of adherence to self-monitoring among LTRs over the first 12-months post-discharge from transplant. This study analyzed existing data from the usual care arm participants of a randomized clinical trial who tracked self-monitoring activities using paper-and-pencil logs. Adherence was calculated as the percent of days LTRs recorded any self-monitoring data per interval: hospital discharge-2 months, 3-6 months, and 7-12 months...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515842/casein-protein-supplementation-in-trained-men-and-women-morning-versus-evening
#18
Jose Antonio, Anya Ellerbroek, Corey Peacock, Tobin Silver
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of casein supplementation (54 grams) in the morning (Casein-MOR) or evening (Casein-EVE) (90 minutes or less prior to sleep) on measures of body composition and exercise performance in trained men and women. Twenty-six healthy men and women who had been training regularly for greater than 12 months completed this 8-week study (mean±SD; Casein-MOR group [n=14, seven male, seven female]: 30.0±8.2 yr; 170.7±9.5 cm; 70.9±13.9 kg. Casein-EVE group [n=12, nine male, three female]: 28...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512629/a-modified-behavior-risk-factor-surveillance-system-to-assess-diabetes-self-management-behaviors-and-diabetes-care-in-monterrey-mexico-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Marylyn Morris McEwen, Rogelio Andrès Elizondo-Pereo, Alice E Pasvogel, Irene Meester, Javier Vargas-Villarreal, Francisco González-Salazar
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the leading causes of death from worldwide non-communicable diseases. The prevalence of diabetes in the Mexico (MX)-United States border states exceeds the national rate in both countries. The economic burden of diabetes, due to decreased productivity, disability, and medical costs, is staggering and increases significantly when T2DM-related complications occur. The purpose of this study was to use a modified behavioral risk factor surveillance system (BRFSS) to describe the T2DM self-management behaviors, diabetes care, and health perception of a convenience sample of adults with T2DM in Monterrey, MX...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511193/a-validation-study-of-the-fitbit-one-in-daily-life-using-different-time-intervals
#20
Anouk Middelweerd, Hidde P VAN DER Ploeg, Aart VAN Halteren, Jos W R Twisk, Johannes Brug, Saskia J Te Velde
PURPOSE: Accelerometer-based wearables can provide the user with real-time feedback through the device's interface and the mobile platforms. Few studies have focused on the minute-by-minute validity of wearables, which is essential for high-quality real-time feedback. This study aims to assess the validity of the Fitbit One compared with the ActiGraph GT3x + for assessing physical activity (i.e., steps, time spent in moderate, vigorous, and moderate-vigorous physical activity) in young adults using traditional time intervals (i...
June 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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