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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803820/titration-a-randomized-study-to-assess-2-treatment-algorithms-with-new-insulin-glargine-300-units-ml
#1
Jean-François Yale, Lori Berard, Mélanie Groleau, Pasha Javadi, John Stewart, Stewart B Harris
OBJECTIVE: It was uncertain whether an algorithm that involves increasing insulin dosages by 1 unit/day may cause more hypoglycemia with the longer-acting insulin glargine 300 units/mL (GLA-300). The objective of this study was to compare safety and efficacy of 2 titration algorithms, INSIGHT and EDITION, for GLA-300 in people with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus, mainly in a primary care setting. METHODS: This was a 12-week, open-label, randomized, multicentre pilot study...
August 10, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800736/using-computer-mobile-and-wearable-technology-enhanced-interventions-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Aoife Stephenson, Suzanne M McDonough, Marie H Murphy, Chris D Nugent, Jacqueline L Mair
BACKGROUND: High levels of sedentary behaviour (SB) are associated with negative health consequences. Technology enhanced solutions such as mobile applications, activity monitors, prompting software, texts, emails and websites are being harnessed to reduce SB. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of such technology enhanced interventions aimed at reducing SB in healthy adults and to examine the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched to identify randomised-controlled trials (RCTs), published up to June 2016...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798503/working-up-a-good-sweat-the-challenges-of-standardising-sweat-collection-for-metabolomics-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Joy N Hussain, Nitin Mantri, Marc M Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Human sweat is a complex biofluid of interest to diverse scientific fields. Metabolomics analysis of sweat promises to improve screening, diagnosis and self-monitoring of numerous conditions through new applications and greater personalisation of medical interventions. Before these applications can be fully developed, existing methods for the collection, handling, processing and storage of human sweat need to be revised. This review presents a cross-disciplinary overview of the origins, composition, physical characteristics and functional roles of human sweat, and explores the factors involved in standardising sweat collection for metabolomics analysis...
February 2017: Clinical Biochemist. Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797307/using-smartphones-to-decrease-substance-use-via-self-monitoring-and-recovery-support-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Christy K Scott, Michael L Dennis, David H Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse, other substance use disorders, and risk behaviors associated with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) represent three of the top 10 modifiable causes of mortality in the US. Despite evidence that continuing care is effective in sustaining recovery from substance use disorders and associated behaviors, patients rarely receive it. Smartphone applications (apps) have been effective in delivering continuing care to patients almost anywhere and anytime. This study tests the effectiveness of two components of such apps: ongoing self-monitoring through Ecological Momentary Assessments (EMAs) and immediate recovery support through Ecological Momentary Interventions (EMIs)...
August 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796932/factors-associated-with-greater-benefit-of-a-national-reimbursement-policy-for-blood-glucose-test-strips-in-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Sang-Man Jin, Jong Ha Baek, Sunghwan Suh, Chang Hee Jung, Woo Je Lee, Cheol-Young Park, Hae Kyung Yang, Jae Hyoung Cho, Byung-Wan Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: We aimed to identify factors independently associated with greater benefit of a national reimbursement policy for blood glucose test strips in adult patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), in terms of glycemic control and rate of severe hypoglycemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 466 adult patients with T1DM from five tertiary referral hospitals who registered for a national reimbursement program for blood glucose strips and were then followed-up for 12 months...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795644/efficiency-of-organic-acid-preparations-for-the-elimination-of-naturally-occurring-salmonella-in-feed-material
#6
Sonja Axmann, Veronika Kolar, Andreas Adler, Irmengard Strnad
Salmonella can enter animal stocks via feedstuffs, thus posing not only an infection risk for animals, but also threatening to contaminate food of animal origin and finally humans. Salmonella contamination in feeding stuffs is still a recurring and serious issue in animal production (especially for poultry sector) and is regularly detected upon self-monitoring by feed companies (self-checks) and official inspections authorities. Operators within the feed chain in certain cases need to use hygienic condition enhancers, such as organic acids, to improve the quality of feed for animal nutrition providing additional guarantees for the protection of animal and public health...
August 10, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793983/how-do-ehealth-programs-for-adolescents-with-depression-work-a-realist-review-of-persuasive-system-design-components-in-internet-based-psychological-therapies
#7
Lori Wozney, Anna Huguet, Kathryn Bennett, Ashley D Radomski, Lisa Hartling, Michele Dyson, Patrick J McGrath, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorders are common among adolescents and can impact all aspects of their daily life. Traditional therapies, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) have been delivered face-to-face. However, Internet-based (online) delivery of these therapies is emerging as an option for adolescents. Internet-based CBT and IPT involve therapeutic content, interaction between the user and the system, and different technological features embedded into the online program (eg, multimedia)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793982/validation-of-a-smartphone-app-for-the-assessment-of-sedentary-and-active-behaviors
#8
Meynard John Toledo, Eric Hekler, Kevin Hollingshead, Dana Epstein, Matthew Buman
BACKGROUND: Although current technological advancements have allowed for objective measurements of sedentary behavior via accelerometers, these devices do not provide the contextual information needed to identify targets for behavioral interventions and generate public health guidelines to reduce sedentary behavior. Thus, self-reports still remain an important method of measurement for physical activity and sedentary behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of a smartphone app in assessing sitting, light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA)...
August 9, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777320/program-development-and-effectiveness-of-workplace-health-promotion-program-for-preventing-metabolic-syndrome-among-office-workers
#9
Hosihn Ryu, Jiyeon Jung, Jeonghyun Cho, Dal Lae Chin
This paper aims to develop and analyze the effects of a socio-ecological model-based intervention program for preventing metabolic syndrome (MetS) among office workers. The intervention program was developed using regular health examinations, a "health behavior and need" assessment survey among workers, and a focus group study. According to the type of intervention, subjects took part in three groups: health education via an intranet-based web magazine (Group 1), self-monitoring with the U-health system (Group 2), and the target population who received intensive intervention (Group 3)...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770010/a-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-perception-and-behavior-of-patients-towards-diabetes-management-with-physical-disability
#10
Syed Wasif Gillani, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Mohi Iqbal Mohammad Abdul, Sherif Y Saad
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine self-monitoring practices, awareness to dietary modifications and barriers to medication adherence among physically disabled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS: Interview sessions were conducted at diabetes clinic-Penang general hospital. The invited participants represented three major ethnic groups of Malaysia (Malay, Chinese and Indians). An open-ended approach was used to elicit answers from participants. Interview questions were related to participant's perception towards self-monitoring blood glucose practices, Awareness towards diet management, behaviour to diabetes medication and cues of action...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768610/behavior-change-techniques-in-physical-activity-ehealth-interventions-for-people-with-cardiovascular-disease-systematic-review
#11
Orlaith Mairead Duff, Deirdre Mj Walsh, Bróna A Furlong, Noel E O'Connor, Kieran A Moran, Catherine B Woods
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of premature death and disability in Europe, accounting for 4 million deaths per year and costing the European Union economy almost €196 billion annually. There is strong evidence to suggest that exercise-based secondary rehabilitation programs can decrease the mortality risk and improve health among patients with CVD. Theory-informed use of behavior change techniques (BCTs) is important in the design of cardiac rehabilitation programs aimed at changing cardiovascular risk factors...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766816/improving-adherence-to-multiple-medications-in-older-people-in-primary-care-selecting-intervention-components-to-address-patient-reported-barriers-and-facilitators
#12
Deborah E Patton, Cathal A Cadogan, Cristín Ryan, Jill J Francis, Gerard J Gormley, Peter Passmore, Ngaire Kerse, Carmel M Hughes
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is vital to ensuring optimal patient outcomes, particularly amongst multimorbid older people prescribed multiple medications. Interventions targeting adherence often lack a theoretical underpinning and this may impact on effectiveness. The theoretical domains framework (TDF) of behaviour can aid intervention development by systematically identifying key determinants of medication adherence. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to (i) identify determinants (barriers, facilitators) of adherence to multiple medications from older people's perspectives; (ii) identify key domains to target for behaviour change; and (iii) map key domains to intervention components [behaviour change techniques (BCTs)] that could be delivered in an intervention by community pharmacists...
August 1, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765624/metacognitive-deficiency-in-a-perceptual-but-not-a-memory-task-in-methadone-maintenance-patients
#13
Saeedeh Sadeghi, Hamed Ekhtiari, Bahador Bahrami, Majid Nili Ahmadabadi
Drug addiction has been associated with lack of insight into one's own abilities. However, the scope of metacognition impairment among drug users in general and opiate dependent individuals in particular is not fully understood. Investigating the impairments of metacognitive ability in Substance Dependent Individuals (SDIs) in different cognitive tasks could contribute to the ongoing debate over whether metacognition has domain-general or domain-specific neural substrates. We compared metacognitive self-monitoring ability of a group of SDIs during methadone maintenance treatment (n = 23) with a control group (n = 24) in a memory and a visual perceptual task...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764783/preferences-and-motivation-for-weight-loss-among-knee-replacement-patients-implications-for-a-patient-centered-weight-loss-intervention
#14
Christine A Pellegrini, Gwendolyn Ledford, Sara A Hoffman, Rowland W Chang, Kenzie A Cameron
BACKGROUND: Most knee replacement patients are overweight/obese, yet are commonly excluded from evidence-based weight loss programs due to mobility limitations and barriers faced around the time of surgery. The purpose of this study was to identify knee replacement patient preferences for weight loss programs and qualitatively understand previous motives for weight loss attempts as well as strategies used to facilitate behavior changes. METHODS: Patients who were either scheduled to have knee replacement or had one recently completed within the last 3 months were recruited to participate...
August 1, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763766/influence-of-carbon-nanoparticle-modification-on-the-mechanical-and-electrical-properties-of-epoxy-in-small-volumes
#15
Christian Leopold, Till Augustin, Thomas Schwebler, Jonas Lehmann, Wilfried V Liebig, Bodo Fiedler
The influence of nanoparticle morphology and filler content on the mechanical and electrical properties of carbon nanoparticle modified epoxy is investigated regarding small volumes. Three types of particles, representing spherical, tubular and layered morphologies are used. A clear size effect of increasing true failure strength with decreasing volume is found for neat and carbon black modified epoxy. Carbon nanotube (CNT) modified epoxy exhibits high potential for strength increase, but dispersion and purity are critical...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761451/the-impact-of-educational-intervention-on-self-care-behaviors-in-overweight-hypertensive-women-a-randomized-control-trial
#16
Seyedeh Shahrbanoo Daniali, Ahmad Ali Eslami, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Javad Shahabi, Firoozeh Mostafavi-Darani
BACKGROUND: The improper control of self-care in hypertension imposes a lot of financial burden on the health-care system. On the other hand, the importance of participatory care and high effectiveness of self-management programs have been confirmed. This study was aimed to examine the effect of an educational intervention on self-efficacy, self-care behaviors and blood pressure (BP) of hypertensive obese or overweight women in the primary health-care setting in Isfahan, Iran. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was an educational intervention program...
January 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758314/child-and-parental-executive-functioning-in-type-1-diabetes-their-unique-and-interactive-role-toward-treatment-adherence-and-glycemic-control
#17
Eveline R Goethals, Maartje de Wit, Nady Van Broeck, Jurgen Lemiere, Dagmar Van Liefferinge, Susanne Böhler, Marian De Wulf, Elke Dello, Jolien Laridaen, Lynn Van Hecke, Shana Van Impe, Kristina Casteels, Koen Luyckx
OBJECTIVE: Managing type 1 diabetes (T1D) requires the ability to make complex and critical decisions regarding treatment, to execute complex tasks accurately, and to make adjustments when problems arise. This requires effective neuropsychological competences of patients and their families, especially in the domain of executive functioning (EF): the ability to self-monitor, plan, solve problems, and set priorities. Previous research focused mainly on child EF, neglecting the impact of parental EF...
July 30, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757791/multimedia-field-test-thinking-about-exposures-there-s-an-app-for-that
#18
Matthew M Carper
Anxiety Coach is a smartphone application ("app") for iOS devices that is billed as a self-help program for anxiety in youth and adults. The app is currently available in the iTunes store for a one-time fee of $4.99. Anxiety Coach is organized around three related content areas: (a) self-monitoring of anxiety symptoms, (b) learning about anxiety and its treatment, and (c) guiding users through the development of a fear hierarchy and completion of exposure tasks. Although the app includes psychoeducation about anxiety as well as information regarding specific skills individuals can use to cope with anxiety (e...
February 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755778/developing-a-fitbit-supported-lifestyle-physical-activity-intervention-for-depressed-alcohol-dependent-women
#19
Ana M Abrantes, Claire E Blevins, Cynthia L Battle, Jennifer P Read, Alan L Gordon, Michael D Stein
PURPOSE: Women in alcohol treatment are more likely to relapse when in unpleasant, negative emotional states. Given the demonstrated benefits of exercise for decreasing depression, negative affect, and urges to drink, helping women engage in a lifestyle physical activity (LPA) intervention in early recovery may provide them a tool they can utilize "in the moment" in order to cope with negative emotional states and alcohol craving when relapse risk is highest. New digital fitness technologies (e...
September 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753472/longitudinal-mood-monitoring-in-bipolar-disorder-course-of-illness-as-revealed-through-a-short-messaging-service
#20
Rebecca F McKnight, Amy C Bilderbeck, David J Miklowitz, Christopher Hinds, Guy M Goodwin, John R Geddes
BACKGROUND: Online self-monitoring of mood can be used to investigate differences in course patterns across patient groups. This study explored the feasibility of remote symptom capture with True Colours, a self-rated online mood monitoring tool completed on a weekly basis. METHODS: Participants with bipolar disorder (N = 297) completed weekly depression and mania questionnaires over an average of 27.5 months (range 1 -81 months). Subgroups defined by sex, age, and bipolar I vs...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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