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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161235/influence-of-ductus-arteriosus-on-peripheral-muscle-oxygenation-and-perfusion-in-neonates
#1
Lukas Peter Mileder, Tessa Mueller, Nariae Baik-Schneditz, Jasmin Pansy, Bernhard Schwaberger, Corinna Binder-Heschl, Berndt Urlesberger, Gerhard Pichler
In neonates, a patent ductus arteriosus (DA) may be associated with severe complications. We used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) with venous occlusion to investigate the influence of an open DA on peripheral muscle oxygenation/perfusion in preterm neonates. Approach: We analyzed secondary outcome parameters collected as part of prospective observational studies. NIRS measurements were performed between the first and third day of life. Arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and heart rate (HR) were monitored by pulse oximetry on the ipsilateral foot...
November 21, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153931/disturbances-in-oxygen-balance-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-risk-factor-for-postoperative-delirium
#2
Nina Smulter, Helena Claesson Lingehall, Yngve Gustafson, Birgitta Olofsson, Karl Gunnar Engström, Micael Appelblad, Staffan Svenmarker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for postoperative delirium after cardiac surgery, specifically associated with the conduct of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Heart Centre, University Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study included 142 patients aged 70 years and older scheduled for elective cardiac surgery with CPB. INTERVENTIONS: Risk factor analysis comprised information collected from the hospital clinical and CPB dedicated databases in addition to the medical chart...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141527/decreases-in-mixed-venous-blood-o2-saturation-in-cardiac-surgery-patients-following-extubation
#3
Jeffrey Williams, Anna McLean, Jalil Ahari, Arun Jose, Georges Al-Helou, Italo Ibi, Farzad Najam Md, Guillermo Gutierrez
BACKGROUND: Decreases in mixed venous O2 saturation (SvO2) have been reported to occur in postcardiac surgery patients during weaning from mechanical ventilation. Our aim was to establish whether the physiological mechanism responsible for this phenomenon was a decrease in systemic O2 delivery (DO2) or an increase in global O2 consumption ([Formula: see text]O2). METHODS: We studied 21 mechanically ventilated, postoperative cardiac patients for 30 minutes before and 60 minutes after extubation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126662/levosimendan-in-patients-with-cardiogenic-shock-complicating-myocardial-infarction-a-meta-analysis
#4
M Fang, H Cao, Z Wang
PURPOSE: Cardiac shock is the leading cause of death in patients with acute myocardial infarction. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate whether levosimendan, compared to any type of control, is associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with cardiogenic shock complicating myocardial infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register, and China National Knowledge Information databases were searched for pertinent studies published up until 1 May 2016...
November 7, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061467/an-interactive-simulation-tool-for-patient-specific-clinical-decision-support-in-single-ventricle-physiology
#5
Timothy Conover, Anthony M Hlavacek, Francesco Migliavacca, Ethan Kung, Adam Dorfman, Richard S Figliola, Tain-Yen Hsia
OBJECTIVE: Modeling of single-ventricle circulations has yielded important insights into their unique flow dynamics and physiology. Here we translated a state-of-the-art mathematical model into a patient-specific clinical decision support interactive Web-based simulation tool and show validation for all 3 stages of single-ventricular palliation. METHODS: Via the adoption a validated lumped parameter method, complete cardiovascular-pulmonary circulatory models of all 3 stages of single-ventricle physiology were created within a simulation tool...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985705/accuracy-of-the-spectrum-medical-m4-and-terumo-cdi-500-compared-to-the-radiometer-abl90-flex-benchtop-blood-analyzer
#6
James A Reagor, Zhiqian Gao, John P Lombardi, Barbara B Millin, James S Tweddell, David S Cooper
The benchtop blood analyzer is the gold standard for blood oxygen saturation (SO2) and hemoglobin (Hb) analysis. However, the benchtop analyzer only provides values at a given point in time. In the field of cardiovascular perfusion and the practice of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), continuous measurement of SvO2 and hemoglobin values have become commonplace. Two devices currently available which monitor these values are the Terumo CDI 500 and Spectrum Medical M4. A retrospective study was conducted to examine the accuracy of the M4 technology and the CDI 500 as they compare to each other and the ABL90 FLEX, a benchtop blood gas analyzer...
October 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930916/peripheral-muscle-near-infrared-spectroscopy-nirs-variables-are-altered-early-in-septic-shock
#7
Diego Orbegozo, Fuhong Su, Keliang Xie, Lokmane Rahmania, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Daniel De Backer, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jacques Creteur
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive evaluation of muscle perfusion using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) coupled with a vascular occlusion test (VOT) may provide an early and simple marker of altered perfusion and microcirculatory function in sepsis. OBJECTIVE: To compare the time-course of NIRS-derived variables with systemic measures of perfusion in an experimental model of peritonitis. METHODS: Peritonitis was induced in eight anesthetized, mechanically ventilated, adult sheep (24-34 Kg), by injecting autologous feces into the peritoneal cavity...
September 19, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888275/mean-arterial-pressure-of-65-mm-hg-versus-85-100-mm-hg-in-comatose-survivors-after-cardiac-arrest-rationale-and-study-design-of-the-neuroprotect-post-cardiac-arrest-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Koen Ameloot, Cathy De Deyne, Bert Ferdinande, Matthias Dupont, Pieter-Jan Palmers, Thibault Petit, Ward Eertmans, Clara Moonen, Ann Belmans, Robin Lemmens, Joseph Dens, Stefan Janssens
BACKGROUND: Post-cardiac arrest (CA) patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) have a poor prognosis, with estimated survival rates of around 30%-50%. On admission, these patients have a large cerebral penumbra at risk for additional damage in case of suboptimal brain oxygenation during their stay in the ICU. The aim of the Neuroprotect post-CA trial is to investigate whether forcing mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and mixed venous oxygen saturation (SVO2) in a specific range (MAP 85-100 mm Hg, SVO2 65%-75%) with additional pharmacological support (goal-directed hemodynamic optimization) may better salvage the penumbra, reduce cerebral ischemia, and improve functional outcome when compared with current standard of care (MAP 65 mm Hg)...
September 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884218/use-of-levosimendan-in-postoperative-setting-after-surgical-repair-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-children
#9
Vivianne Amiet, Marie-Hélène Perez, David Longchamp, Tatiana Boulos Ksontini, Julia Natterer, Sonia Plaza Wuthrich, Jacques Cotting, Stefano Di Bernardo
Low cardiac output is one of the most common complications after cardiac surgery. Levosimendan, a new inotrope agent, has been demonstrated in adult patient to be an effective treatment for this purpose when classical therapy is not effective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Levosimendan on cardiac output parameters in cardiac children with low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS.). We carried out a retrospective analysis on 62 children hospitalized in our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) after cardiac surgery, which demonstrated LCOS not responding to classical catecholamine therapy and who received levosimendan as rescue therapy...
September 7, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868660/in-vivo-whole-blood-t2-versus-hbo2-calibration-by-modulating-blood-oxygenation-level-in-the-femoral-vein-through-intermittent-cuff-occlusion
#10
Michael C Langham, Ana E Rodríguez-Soto, Nadav Schwartz, Felix W Wehrli
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of estimating calibration constants (K and T2o ) in vivo for converting whole-blood T2 to blood hemoglobin oxygen saturation (HbO2 ) according to the Luz-Meiboom model, 1/T2=1/T2o+K(1-HbO2)2, where K and T2o are relaxivity and transverse relaxation time of fully saturated blood, respectively. METHODS: A range of HbO2 values was achieved in the superficial femoral vein with intermittent cuff occlusion in seven healthy adults (four males) to establish a calibration curve between blood T2 and HbO2 at 1...
September 3, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819713/plasma-growth-differentiation-factor-15-is-a-potential-biomarker-for-pediatric-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-associated-with-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Gang Li, Yan Li, Xiao-Qiu Tan, Peng Jia, Jian Zhao, Dong Liu, Ting Wang, Bin Liu
We aimed to investigate plasma growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) levels in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD), and assess the association with hemodynamic parameters. Plasma GDF-15 levels were measured in children with PAH-CHD (n = 46) and compared to children with CHD without PAH (n = 39). Normal individuals (n = 30) served as health control group. Plasma GDF-15 levels were significantly elevated in patients with PAH-CHD compared with those with CHD without PAH (median 1415 ng/L, interquartile range [IQR] 926...
December 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692337/a-multidisciplinary-perioperative-strategy-for-attaining-more-physiologic-cardiac-surgery
#12
Kyriakos Anastasiadis, Polychronis Antonitsis, Apostolos Deliopoulos, Helena Argiriadou
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery is, by definition, a "non-physiologic" intervention associated with systemic adverse effects. Despite advances in surgical technique, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) technology as well as anaesthesia management and patient care, there is still significant morbidity and subsequent mortality. AIM: We consider that the contemporary demand for further improving patient outcome mandates the upgrade from optimal perfusion during the procedure as the gold standard to the concept of a "more physiologic" cardiac surgery...
March 1, 2017: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669423/-influence-of-perfusion-status-on-central-and-mixed-venous-oxygen-saturation-in-septic-patients
#13
Simone Harumi Goto, Bruno Franco Mazza, Flávio Geraldo Resende Freitas, Flávia Ribeiro Machado
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although there is controversy regarding the role of venous oxygen saturation in the initial resuscitation of septic patients with hypoperfusion, these markers are still widely used. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation and concordance between central (SvcO2) and mixed (SvO2) oxygen saturation in septic shock patients with or without hypoperfusion, in addition to the impact of these differences in patient conduction. METHODS: Patients with septic shock were monitored with pulmonary artery catheter and the following subgroups of hypoperfusion were analyzed: 1) lactate>28mg...
June 29, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664033/decreased-susceptibility-of-major-veins-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-is-correlated-with-post-concussive-symptoms-a-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-study
#14
Chao Chai, Rui Guo, Chao Zuo, Linlin Fan, Saifeng Liu, Tianyi Qian, E Mark Haacke, Shuang Xia, Wen Shen
Cerebral venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) is an important biomarker of brain function. In this study, we aimed to explore the relative changes of regional cerebral SvO2 among axonal injury (AI) patients, non-AI patients and healthy controls (HCs) using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). 48 patients and 32 HCs were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups depending on the imaging based evidence of AI. QSM was used to measure the susceptibility of major cerebral veins. Nonparametric testing was performed for susceptibility differences among the non-AI patient group, AI patient group and healthy control group...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653375/cardiac-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-qsm-for-heart-chamber-oxygenation
#15
Yan Wen, Thanh D Nguyen, Zhe Liu, Pascal Spincemaille, Dong Zhou, Alexey Dimov, Youngwook Kee, Kofi Deh, Jiwon Kim, Jonathan W Weinsaft, Yi Wang
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility of in vivo quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) in cardiac MRI and to show that mixed-venous oxygen saturation (SvO2 ) can be measured non-invasively using QSM. METHODS: Electrocardiographic-gated multi-echo 2D gradient echo data were collected at 1.5 T from 14 healthy volunteers during successive breath-holds. Phase wraps and fat chemical shift were removed using a graph-cut-based phase analysis and IDEAL in an iterative approach...
June 26, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625243/-experimental-study-on-effect-of-airway-pressure-on-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#16
Dingyu Tan, Feng Sun, Yangyang Fu, Shihuan Shao, Yazhi Zhang, Yingying Hu, Jun Xu, Huadong Zhu, Xuezhong Yu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of different airway pressure on ventilation, organ perfusion and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) of cardiac arrest (CA) pigs during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and to explore the possible beneficial mechanism of positive airway pressure during CPR. METHODS: Twenty healthy landrace pigs of clean grade were divided into low airway pressure group (LP group, n = 10) and high airway pressure group (HP group, n = 10) with random number table...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599970/cerebral-near-infrared-spectroscopy-insensitively-detects-low-cerebral-venous-oxygen-saturations-after-stage-1-palliation
#17
Erin Rescoe, Xiaoqi Tang, Dorothy Alison Perry, Lynn A Sleeper, James A DiNardo, Barry D Kussman, John N Kheir
BACKGROUND: Measurement of cerebral venous oxyhemoglobin saturation (ScvO2) is considered a gold standard in assessing the adequacy of tissue oxygen delivery (DO2) after the stage 1 palliation (S1P), with SvO2 <30% often representing severely compromised DO2. Regional oxygenation index (rSO2) based on near-infrared resonance spectroscopy (NIRS) frequently is used to screen for compromised DO2, although its sensitivity to detect severe abnormalities in SvO2 is uncertain. METHODS: ScvO2 was measured by co-oximetry from the internal jugular vein as clinically indicated in 73 neonates after S1P...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526086/comparison-of-fluid-balance-and-hemodynamic-and-metabolic-effects-of-sodium-lactate-versus-sodium-bicarbonate-versus-0-9-nacl-in-porcine-endotoxic-shock-a-randomized-open-label-controlled-study
#18
Thibault Duburcq, Arthur Durand, Anne-Frédérique Dessein, Joseph Vamecq, Jean-Claude Vienne, Dries Dobbelaere, Karine Mention, Claire Douillard, Patrice Maboudou, Valery Gmyr, François Pattou, Mercé Jourdain, Fabienne Tamion, Julien Poissy, Daniel Mathieu, Raphaël Favory
BACKGROUND: Sodium lactate has been shown to improve hemodynamics and avoid fluid overload. The objective of this study was to confirm a beneficial effect on fluid balance with sodium lactate infusion and to specify whether the advantage of lactate is related to a negative chloride balance, its particular metabolism, or simply its energy load. METHODS: This was an interventional, randomized, open-label, controlled experimental study. Fifteen female "large white" pigs (2 months old) were challenged with intravenous infusion of Escherichia coli endotoxin...
May 19, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526082/proof-of-concept-non-invasive-estimation-of-peripheral-venous-oxygen-saturation
#19
Musabbir Khan, Chris G Pretty, Alexander C Amies, Joel Balmer, Houda E Banna, Geoffrey M Shaw, J Geoffrey Chase
BACKGROUND: Pulse oximeters continuously monitor arterial oxygen saturation. Continuous monitoring of venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) would enable real-time assessment of tissue oxygen extraction (O2E) and perfusion changes leading to improved diagnosis of clinical conditions, such as sepsis. METHODS: This study presents the proof of concept of a novel pulse oximeter method that utilises the compliance difference between arteries and veins to induce artificial respiration-like modulations to the peripheral vasculature...
May 19, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422911/do-vented-chest-seals-differ-in-efficacy-an-experimental-evaluation-using-a-swine-hemopneumothorax-model
#20
Bijan Shams Kheirabadi, Irasema B Terrazas, Nahir Miranda, Amber N Voelker, Francoise Arnaud, Harold G Klemcke, Frank K Butler, Michael A Dubick
OBJECTIVE: Airways compromise was the second leading cause of potentially preventable death among combat casualties. We investigated the ability of five Food and Drug Administration-approved nonocclusive chest seals (CSs) to seal a bleeding chest wound and prevent tension hemopneumothorax (HPTX) in a swine model. METHODS: Following instrumentation, an open chest wound was created in the left thorax of spontaneously air-breathing anesthetized pigs (n = 26; 43 kg)...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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