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Glycerophosphocholine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725182/canonical-and-novel-non-canonical-cholinergic-agonists-inhibit-atp-induced-release-of-monocytic-interleukin-1%C3%AE-via-different-combinations-of-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-subunits-%C3%AE-7-%C3%AE-9-and-%C3%AE-10
#1
Anna Zakrzewicz, Katrin Richter, Alisa Agné, Sigrid Wilker, Kathrin Siebers, Bijan Fink, Gabriela Krasteva-Christ, Mike Althaus, Winfried Padberg, Arik J Hone, J Michael McIntosh, Veronika Grau
Recently, we discovered a cholinergic mechanism that inhibits the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-dependent release of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) by human monocytes via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) composed of α7, α9 and/or α10 subunits. Furthermore, we identified phosphocholine (PC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) as novel nicotinic agonists that elicit metabotropic activity at monocytic nAChR. Interestingly, PC does not provoke ion channel responses at conventional nAChRs composed of subunits α9 and α10...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686201/feeding-a-mixture-of-choline-forms-during-lactation-improves-offspring-growth-and-maternal-lymphocyte-response-to-ex-vivo-immune-challenges
#2
Erin D Lewis, Caroline Richard, Susan Goruk, Emily Wadge, Jonathan M Curtis, René L Jacobs, Catherine J Field
Study objectives were to examine the impact of feeding a mixture of choline forms, or a diet high in glycerophosphocholine (GPC) on maternal immune function and offspring growth during lactation. Lactating Sprague-Dawley rat dams (n = 6/diet) were randomized to one of three diets, providing 1 g/kg total choline: Control (100% free choline (FC)), Mixed Choline (MC; 50% phosphatidylcholine (PC), 25% FC, 25% GPC), or High GPC (HGPC; 75% GPC, 12.5% PC, 12.5% FC). At 3 weeks, cell phenotypes and cytokine production with Concanavalin A (ConA)-or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated splenocytes and mesenteric lymphocytes were measured...
July 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656061/metabolomics-identifies-metabolic-markers-of-maturation-in-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes
#3
Vijesh J Bhute, Xiaoping Bao, Kaitlin K Dunn, Kylie R Knutson, Eric C McCurry, Gyuhyung Jin, Wei-Hua Lee, Sarah Lewis, Akihiro Ikeda, Sean P Palecek
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death worldwide. Human pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hPSC-CMs) hold immense clinical potential and recent studies have enabled generation of virtually pure hPSC-CMs with high efficiency in chemically defined and xeno-free conditions. Despite these advances, hPSC-CMs exhibit an immature phenotype and are arrhythmogenic in vivo, necessitating development of strategies to mature these cells. hPSC-CMs undergo significant metabolic alterations during differentiation and maturation...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654865/molecular-effects-of-doxorubicin-on-choline-metabolism-in-breast-cancer
#4
Menglin Cheng, Asif Rizwan, Lu Jiang, Zaver M Bhujwalla, Kristine Glunde
Abnormal choline phospholipid metabolism is a hallmark of cancer. The magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) detected total choline (tCho) signal can serve as an early noninvasive imaging biomarker of chemotherapy response in breast cancer. We have quantified the individual components of the tCho signal, glycerophosphocholine (GPC), phosphocholine (PC) and free choline (Cho), before and after treatment with the commonly used chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin in weakly metastatic human MCF7 and triple-negative human MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells...
June 24, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630182/study-of-biodistribution-and-in-vivo-anti-leishmanial-activity-of-a-distigmasterylhemisuccinoyl-glycero-phosphocholine-liposome-intercalated-amphotericin-b
#5
Maryam Iman, Zhaohua Huang, Seyedeh Hoda Alavizadeh, Francis C Szoka, Mahmoud R Jaafari
Distigmasterylhemisuccinoyl-sn-glycero-3- phosphocholine (DSHemsPC) is a new lipid in which two molecules of stigmasterol (an inexpensive plant sterol) are covalently linked via a succinic acid to glycerophosphocholine. Our previous study revealed that a liposome-intercalated Amphotericin B prepared from DSHemsPC (DSHemsPC-Lip-AmB) possess excellent colloidal properties and in vitro antifungal and anti-leishmanial activity similar to AmBisome™. The aim of this study was to determine biodistribution and evaluate the anti-leishmanial effects of DSHemsPC-Lip-AmB in Leishmania major-infected BALB/c mice...
June 19, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595107/application-of-1-h-nmr-spectroscopy-to-the-metabolic-phenotyping-of-rodent-brain-extracts-a-metabonomic-study-of-gut-microbial-influence-on-host-brain-metabolism
#6
J R Swann, I Garcia-Perez, V Braniste, I D Wilson, J E Sidaway, J K Nicholson, S Pettersson, E Holmes
(1)H NMR Spectroscopy has been applied to determine the neurochemical profiles of brain extracts from the frontal cortex and hippocampal regions of germ free and normal mice and rats. The results revealed a number of differences between germ free (GF) and conventional (CV) rats or specific pathogen-free (SPF) mice with microbiome-associated metabolic variation found to be both species- and region-dependent. In the mouse, the GF frontal cortex contained lower amounts of creatine, N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), glycerophosphocholine and lactate, but greater amounts of choline compared to that of specific pathogen free (SPF) mice...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583636/metabolic-profile-of-liver-damage-in-non-cirrhotic-virus-c-and-autoimmune-hepatitis-a-proton-decoupled-31-p-mrs-study
#7
Antti Hakkarainen, Lauri Puustinen, Reetta Kivisaari, Sonja Boyd, Urpo Nieminen, Perttu Arkkila, Nina Lundbom
PURPOSE: To study liver (31)P MRS, histology, transient elastography, and liver function tests in patients with virus C hepatitis (HCV) or autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) to test the hypothesis that (31)P MR metabolic profile of these diseases differ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 25 patients with HCV (n=12) or AIH (n=13) underwent proton decoupled (31)P MRS spectroscopy performed on a 3.0T MR imager. Intensities of phosphomonoesters (PME) of phosphoethanolamine (PE) and phosphocholine (PC), phosphodiesters (PDE) of glycerophosphoethanolamine (GPE) and glycerophosphocholine (GPC), and γ, α and β resonances of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) were determined...
May 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574475/feeding-a-mixture-of-choline-forms-to-lactating-dams-improves-the-development-of-the-immune-system-in-sprague-dawley-rat-offspring
#8
Caroline Richard, Erin D Lewis, Susan Goruk, Emily Wadge, Jonathan M Curtis, René L Jacobs, Catherine J Field
Dietary choline is essential during lactation, but few studies have examined the implications of feeding a mixture of choline forms on immune function. This study investigates the impact of feeding lactating dams different mixtures of choline forms, similar to those in human diets, on the development and later immune function of suckled offspring. Sprague-Dawley lactating dams (n = 6/diet) were randomized to consume one of three diets, containing 1 g/kg choline: Control (100% free choline (FC)), Mixed Choline (MC: 50% phosphatidylcholine (PC), 25% FC, 25% glycerophosphocholine (GPC)), or High GPC (HGPC: 75% GPC, 12...
June 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544208/ultra-high-field-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-novel-mechanistic-and-diagnostic-insights-of-energy-metabolism-in-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-advanced-fibrosis
#9
Stefan Traussnigg, Christian Kienbacher, Martin Gajdošík, Ladislav Valkovič, Emina Halilbasic, Judith Stift, Christian Rechling, Harald Hofer, Petra Steindl-Munda, Peter Ferenci, Fritz Wrba, Siegfried Trattnig, Martin Krššák, Michael Trauner
BACKGROUND & AIMS: With the rising prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and steatohepatitis (NASH) non-invasive tools obtaining pathomechanistic insights to improve risk stratification are urgently needed. We therefore explored high- and ultra-high-field magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to obtain novel mechanistic and diagnostic insights into alterations of hepatic lipid, cell membrane and energy metabolism across the spectrum of NAFLD. METHODS: MRS and liver biopsy were performed in 30 NAFLD patients with NAFL (n=8) or NASH (n=22)...
April 24, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476532/skin-melanocytes-and-fibroblasts-show-different-changes-in-choline-metabolism-during-cellular-senescence
#10
Cordula Windler, Claudia Gey, Karsten Seeger
Unmodified cells undergo only a limited number of cell divisions until they enter a state termed cellular senescence. Other triggers like cytotoxic compounds can also induce cell senescence. Since cell senescence represents a major mechanism of tumor suppression this cellular state has attracted increasing attention. Different markers like senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SAβGal), senescence-associated heterochromatic foci (SAHF) or certain metabolic changes have been identified to be characteristic for senescent cells; however, data is often limited to fibroblasts - the cardinal model system for cellular senescence...
May 2, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431025/1h-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-of-live-human-sperm
#11
S Reynolds, S J Calvert, M N Paley, A A Pacey
STUDY QUESTION: Can 1H Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) be used to obtain information about the molecules and metabolites in live human spermatozoa? SUMMARY ANSWER: Percoll-based density gradient centrifugation (DGC) followed by a further two washing steps, yielded enough sperm with minimal contamination (<0.01%) from seminal fluid to permit effective MRS which detected significant differences (p < 0.05) in the choline/glycerophosphocholine, lipid and lactate regions of the 1H MRS spectrum between sperm in the pellet and those from the 40/80% interface...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416487/metabolic-markers-and-statistical-prediction-of-serous-ovarian-cancer-aggressiveness-by-ambient-ionization-mass-spectrometry-imaging
#12
Marta Sans, Kshipra Gharpure, Robert Tibshirani, Jialing Zhang, Li Liang, Jinsong Liu, Jonathan H Young, Robert L Dood, Anil K Sood, Livia S Eberlin
Ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) results in the highest mortality among gynecological cancers, developing rapidly and aggressively. Dissimilarly, serous borderline ovarian tumors (BOT) can progress into low-grade serous carcinomas and have relatively indolent clinical behavior. The underlying biological differences between HGSC and BOT call for accurate diagnostic methodologies and tailored treatment options, and identification of molecular markers of aggressiveness could provide valuable biochemical insights and improve disease management...
April 17, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393905/metabolomic-characterisation-of-the-effects-of-oncogenic-pik3ca-transformation-in-a-breast-epithelial-cell-line
#13
Chung-Ho E Lau, Gregory D Tredwell, James K Ellis, Eric W-F Lam, Hector C Keun
Somatic mutations in PIK3CA are frequently found in a number of human cancers, including breast cancer, altering cellular physiology and tumour sensitivity to chemotherapy. This renders PIK3CA an attractive molecular target for early detection and personalised therapy. Using (1)H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy (NMR) and Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometery (GC-MS) together with (13)C stable isotope-labelled glucose and glutamine as metabolic tracers, we probed the phenotypic changes in metabolism following a single copy knock-in of mutant PIK3CA (H1047R) in the MCF10A cell line, an important cell model for studying oncogenic transformation in breast tissues...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388481/membrane-lipid-profiles-of-coral-responded-to-zinc-oxide-nanoparticle-induced-perturbations-on-the-cellular-membrane
#14
Chuan-Ho Tang, Ching-Yu Lin, Shu-Hui Lee, Wei-Hsien Wang
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnOs) released from popular sunscreens used during marine recreation apparently endanger corals; however, the known biological effects are very limited. Membrane lipids constitute the basic structural element to create cell a dynamic structure according to the circumstance. Nano-specific effects have been shown to mechanically perturb the physical state of the lipid membrane, and the cells accommodating the actions of nZnOs can be involved in the alteration of the membrane lipid composition...
June 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387717/relationships-among-different-water-soluble-choline-compounds-differ-between-human-preterm-and-donor-milk
#15
Sara Moukarzel, Lynda Soberanes, Roger A Dyer, Susan Albersheim, Rajavel Elango, Sheila M Innis
Choline is essential for infant development. Human milk choline is predominately present in three water-soluble choline (WSC) forms: free choline (FC), phosphocholine (PhosC), and glycerophosphocholine (GPC). It is unclear whether mother's own preterm milk and pooled donor milk differ in WSC composition and whether WSC compounds are interrelated. Mother's own preterm milk (n = 75) and donor milk (n = 30) samples from the neonatal intensive care unit, BC Women's Hospital were analyzed for WSC composition using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
April 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386093/higher-dietary-intakes-of-choline-and-betaine-are-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-primary-liver-cancer-a-case-control-study
#16
Rui-Fen Zhou, Xiao-Lin Chen, Zhong-Guo Zhou, Yao-Jun Zhang, Qiu-Ye Lan, Gong-Cheng Liao, Yu-Ming Chen, Hui-Lian Zhu
The dietary intake of methyl donors is favorably associated with many diseases, but the findings regarding primary liver cancer (PLC) risk are limited. This study investigated the association between the intake of choline, betaine and methionine and PLC risk in adults. This 1:1 matched case-control study enrolled 644 hospital-based PLC patients and 644 community-based controls who were matched by sex and age, in Guangzhou, China. An interviewer-administered questionnaire and a food-frequency questionnaire were used to collect general information and dietary intake information...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384211/the-value-of-grip-test-lysophosphatidlycholines-glycerophosphocholine-ornithine-glucuronic-acid-decrement-in-assessment-of-nutritional-and-metabolic-characteristics-in-hepatitis-b-cirrhosis
#17
Qing Ye, Weili Yin, Lei Zhang, Huijuan Xiao, Yumei Qi, Shuye Liu, Baoxin Qian, Fengmei Wang, Tao Han
The liver is essential for the regulation of energy, protein and amino acids, as well as in other aspects of metabolism. To identify efficient indexes for evaluation of nutritional status and metabolic characteristics during different Child-Pugh stages of hepatitis B cirrhosis, 83 patients and 35 healthy individuals were enrolled in our study. We found that grip strength, triceps skinfold thickness (TSF), body fat and skeletal muscle of the patients were reduced compared to the control group (P<0.05). Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography data combined with mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) showed that levels of a variety of metabolites, including lysophosphatidylcholines (LysoPCs), glycerophosphocholine, ornithine and glucuronic acid were reduced in the serum of patients with hepatitis B cirrhosis (P<0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350397/diagnosis-and-body-mass-index-effects-on-hippocampal-volumes-and-neurochemistry-in-bipolar-disorder
#18
D J Bond, L E Silveira, E L MacMillan, I J Torres, D J Lang, W Su, W G Honer, R W Lam, L N Yatham
We previously reported that higher body mass index (BMI) was associated with greater hippocampal glutamate+glutamine in people with bipolar disorder (BD), but not in non-BD healthy comparator subjects (HSs). In the current report, we extend these findings by examining the impact of BD diagnosis and BMI on hippocampal volumes and the concentrations of several additional neurochemicals in 57 early-stage BD patients and 31 HSs. Using 3-T magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy, we measured bilateral hippocampal volumes and the hippocampal concentrations of four neurochemicals relevant to BD: N-acetylaspartate+N-acteylaspartylglutamate (tNAA), creatine+phosphocreatine (Cre), myoinositol (Ins) and glycerophosphocholine+phosphatidylcholine (Cho)...
March 28, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338861/assessment-of-direct-interaction-between-cd36-and-an-oxidized-glycerophospholipid-species
#19
Satoshi Tsuzuki, Masayuki Yamasaki, Yuki Kozai, Tatsuya Sugawara, Yuki Manabe, Kazuo Inoue, Tohru Fushiki
SUMMARYCluster of differentiation 36 (CD36) is a transmembrane protein that recognizes multiple diverse ligands. It is believed that (i) oxidized glycerophosphocholine species having a terminal γ-hydroxyl(or oxo)-α,β-unsaturated carbonyl on the sn-2 acyl group (oxGPCCD36), which can occur on the surface of lipoprotein particles, serve as high-affinity ligands for CD36, and (ii) the amino acid 150-168 of CD36 (CD36150-168) is responsible for recognizing oxGPCCD36. However, it remains uncertain whether CD36150-168 directly interacts with oxGPCCD36 alone...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275104/dietary-choline-intake-is-directly-associated-with-bone-mineral-density-in-the-hordaland-health-study
#20
Jannike Øyen, Clara Gram Gjesdal, Therese Karlsson, Gard Ft Svingen, Grethe S Tell, Elin Strand, Christian A Drevon, Kathrine J Vinknes, Klaus Meyer, Per Magne Ueland, Ottar Nygård
Background: Choline is an important nutrient either obtained from a variety of foods or synthesized endogenously, and it is the precursor of betaine. We previously reported positive associations between plasma free choline and bone mineral density (BMD). Animal studies suggest an impact of dietary choline on bone metabolism, but the role of dietary intake of choline and betaine for human bone health is unknown.Objectives: The main aims were to examine the associations of dietary choline, choline species, and betaine with BMD and to study the relations between dietary and plasma free choline and betaine...
April 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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