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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137249/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-versus-laparoscopic-exploration-for-common-bile-duct-stones-in-post-cholecystectomy-patients-a-retrospective-study
#1
Xiaohong Wang, Chenguang Dai, Zhonghua Jiang, Lili Zhao, Min Wang, Limei Ma, Xueming Tan, Li Liu, Xiang Wang, Zhining Fan
Background and Objective: Common bile duct (CBD) stones are common in patients even after cholecystectomy. Besides endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP), laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is also applied. This study aims to compare clinical indications, therapeutic benefits and complications for these two managements. Methods: From October 2012 to February 2015, 1072 consecutive patients were diagnosed as choledocholithiasis in our single hospital...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124124/preliminary-experience-with-pancreatic-sphincterotomy-as-treatment-for-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-associated-recurrent-pancreatitis
#2
Laura Bernardoni, Stefano Francesco Crinò, Giorgia De Conti, Maria Cristina Conti Bellocchi, Nicolò De Pretis, Antonio Amodio, Luca Frulloni, Armando Gabbrielli
Background and study aims:  Pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) are cystic tumors of the pancreas characterized by a malignant potential. IPMN have been associated with recurrent pancreatitis (RP). Obstruction of the main pancreatic duct by thick mucus has been postulated to be the cause of pancreatitis. In a few isolated reports, pancreatic sphincterotomy (PS) has been reported to reduce the frequency of pancreatitis. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of PS in patients with IPMN-associated RP...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118690/pneumoperitoneum-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-due-to-rupture-of-intrahepatic-bile-ducts-and-glisson-s-capsule-in-hepatic-metastasis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Zubair Khan, Umar Darr, Mohamad Nawras, Muhammad Bawany, Jacob Bieszczad, Osama Alaradi, Ali Nawras
Introduction: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been proven to be a safe and effective method for diagnosis and treatment of biliary and pancreatic disorders. Major complications of ERCP include pancreatitis, hemorrhage, cholangitis, and duodenal perforation. We report a third case in literature of pneumoperitoneum after ERCP due to rupture of intrahepatic bile ducts and Glisson's capsule in a peripheral hepatic lesion. Case Report: A 50-year-old male with a history of metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor and who had a partially covered metallic stent placed in the biliary tree 1 year ago presented to the oncology clinic with fatigue, abdominal pain, and hypotension...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118564/sex-related-differences-in-predicting-choledocholithiasis-using-current-american-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-risk-criteria
#4
Ankit Chhoda, Deepanshu Jain, Shashideep Singhal
Background: American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) criteria is widely used to predict probability of choledocholithiasis among patients with symptomatic gallstone disease but does not take sex into consideration. Methods: The cohort study included patients who underwent either endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or intraoperative cholangiography for suspected choledocholithiasis at our medical center. Clinical, laboratory and radiological data were collected for each patient and used to stratify them based on the ASGE risk criteria for choledocholithiasis...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117728/different-pattern-of-risk-factors-for-post-ercp-pancreatitis-in-patients-with-biliary-stricture
#5
Liang Zheng, Xiangping Wang, Qin Tao, Shuhui Liang, Biaoluo Wang, Hui Luo, Rongchun Zhang, Liyue Zheng, Shengye Yang, Jie Chen, Yanglin Pan, Xuegang Guo
OBJECTIVE: To identify possible risk factors associated with post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) in biliary stricture (BS), common bile duct stone (CBDS) and unselected patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive ERCP patients with native papilla from January 2010 to December 2014 in Xijing Hospital were eligible. Patient-related and procedure-related parameters were collected retrospectively. The primary outcome was PEP...
November 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117461/atrial-natriuretic-peptide-reduces-inflammation-and-enhances-apoptosis-in-rat-acute-pancreatitis
#6
Ana Clara Najenson, Ana Paula Courreges, Juan Carlos Perazzo, María Fernanda Rubio, Marcelo S Vatta, Liliana G Bianciotti
AIM: We previously reported that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) reduces serum amylase and intrapancreatic trypsinogen activation in the onset of acute pancreatitis whereas secretin increases them. In the present work, we sought to establish the effect of ANP and secretin on the inflammatory response and cell death in experimental acute pancreatitis. METHODS: The expression and activity of key inflammatory mediators and apoptosis were evaluated in the presence or absence of the atrial peptide, secretin or both in cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis in rats...
November 8, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116342/gastroenterology-and-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-what-the-radiologist-needs-to-know
#7
Abhik Bhattacharya, Namita S Gandhi, Mark E Baker, Prabhleen Chahal
In this article, we review the information that radiologists need to know regarding the endoscopic approach to the diagnosis and management of pancreatic cancer. This includes a review of the indications, techniques, and complications of endoscopic ultrasound. We also review information regarding endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, including the various biliary drainage techniques and the use of endoscopic palliation for patients with pancreatic cancer.
November 7, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103188/management-of-inflammatory-fluid-collections-and-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis
#8
REVIEW
Apeksha Shah, Richard Denicola, Cynthia Edirisuriya, Ali A Siddiqui
Pancreatic fluid collections are a frequent complication of acute pancreatitis. The revised Atlanta criterion classifies chronic fluid collections into pseudocysts and walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WON). Symptomatic PFCs require drainage options that include surgical, percutaneous, or endoscopic approaches. With the advent of newer and more advanced endoscopic tools and expertise, minimally invasive endoscopic drainage has now become the preferred approach. An endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided approach for pancreatic fluid collection drainage is now the preferred endoscopic approach...
November 4, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102092/tension-pneumoperitoneum-a-rare-complication-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#9
Niaz Mohammad Jafari Chokan, Elham Pishbin, Abbas Farhadi, Hamidreza Reihani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101956/anesthesia-for-routine-and-advanced-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures
#10
REVIEW
Christopher D Sharp, Ezekiel Tayler, Gregory G Ginsberg
This article aims to detail the breadth and depth of advanced upper gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures. It will focus on sedation and airway management concerns pertaining to this emerged and emerging class of minimally invasive interventions. The article will also cover endoscopic hemostasis, endoscopic resection, stenting and Barrett eradication therapy plus endoscopic ultrasound. It additionally will address the nuances of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and new natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery procedures including endoscopic cystgastrostomy and the per-oral endoscopic myotomy procedure...
December 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101557/uncomplicated-common-bile-duct-stone-removal-guided-by-cholangioscopy-versus-conventional-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#11
Wiriyaporn Ridtitid, Thanawat Luangsukrerk, Phonthep Angsuwatcharakon, Panida Piyachaturawat, Prapimphan Aumpansub, Cameron Hurst, Roongruedee Chaiteerakij, Pradermchai Kongkam, Rungsun Rerknimitr
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have reported the possibility of therapeutic ERCP without fluoroscopy, more robust documentation of fluoroscopy-free common bile duct stone (CBDS) clearance is needed. Technically, "digital cholangioscopy" (DCS) may be used to confirm CBDS clearance. We aimed to compare the feasibility, safety, and radiation exposure between patients with CBDS undergoing stone removal by DCS and conventional ERCP (cERCP). METHODS: Fifty (50) consecutive patients with a CBDS size < 15 mm underwent DCS (SpyGlass DS Direct Visualization System, Boston Scientific, Marlboro, MA, USA) between December 2015 and October 2016...
November 3, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100593/image-guided-percutaneous-management-of-duodenal-perforation-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp-assessment-of-efficacy-and-safety
#12
C J McCarthy, S R Butros, S L Dawson, R S Arellano
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of image-guided percutaneous drain placement for duodenal perforation following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 7,249 ERCP examinations over a 10-year period was performed to identify cases of duodenal perforation. Indications for ERCP were documented, along with the clinical, laboratory, and imaging findings following perforation. Technical and clinical success of percutaneous drain placement was reviewed...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099022/efficacy-of-pancreatic-endotherapy-in-pancreatic-ascites-and-pleural-effusion
#13
Sudhir Gupta, Nitin Gaikwad, Amol Samarth, Niraj Sawalakhe, Tushar Sankalecha
Pancreatic ascites and effusion is a challenging complication to manage, hence our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of pancreatic endotherapy in pancreatic ascites and pleural effusion. Endotherapy included endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with a pancreatogram and pancreatic stent placement across the leak in patients with pancreatic ascites/effusion. A total of 53 patients were included after successful cannulation. The male:female ratio was 7.8:1. The pancreatogram revealed a leak from the pancreatic duct in 20/53 (37...
March 27, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096689/rectally-administered-indomethacin-to-prevent-post-eswl-pancreatitis-ripep-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Yang-Yang Qian, Hui Chen, Xin-Ying Tang, Xi Jiang, Wei Qian, Wen-Bin Zou, Lei Xin, Bo Li, Yan-Fen Qi, Liang-Hao Hu, Duo-Wu Zou, Zhen-Dong Jin, Dong Wang, Yi-Qi Du, Luo-Wei Wang, Feng Liu, Zhao-Shen Li, Zhuan Liao
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (P-ESWL) is the first-line therapy for large pancreatic duct stones. Although it is a highly effective and safe procedure for the fragmentation of pancreatic stones, it is still not complication-free. Just like endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), pancreatitis is the most common complication. To date, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have proven to be the only effective prophylactic medication for post-ERCP pancreatitis and the European, American and Japanese Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy guidelines have recommended prophylactic rectally administered indomethacin for all patients undergoing ERCP...
November 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095426/eus-guided-choledochoduodenostomy-versus-hepaticogastrostomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Ricardo S Uemura, Muhammad Ali Khan, José P Otoch, Michel Kahaleh, Edna F Montero, Everson L A Artifon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) has emerged as an alternative in cases of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) failure. Two types of EUS-BD methods for achieving biliary drainage when ERCP fails are choledochoduodenostomy (CDS) or hepaticogastrostomy (HGS). However, there is no consensus if one approach is better than the other. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate these 2 main EUS-BD methods...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094322/usefulness-of-laparoscopy-and-intraductal-ultrasonography-in-a-patient-with-isolated-immunoglobulin-g4-related-sclerosing-cholangitis
#16
Yoshinori Ohno, Teru Kumagi, Yoshiki Imamura, Taira Kuroda, Mitsuhito Koizumi, Takao Watanabe, Osamu Yoshida, Yoshio Tokumoto, Eiji Takeshita, Masanori Abe, Kenichi Harada, Yoichi Hiasa
Immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) is often associated with type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis, and the frequency of isolated IgG4-SC seems to be quite low, making the diagnosis of isolated IgG4-SC challenging. A 63-year-old male was admitted to our hospital for frequent fever. Abdominal magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showed diffuse narrowing of the common bile duct and post-stenotic dilatation of the right posterior bile duct. Laboratory tests showed abnormalities in the levels of hepatobiliary enzymes and serum IgG4 levels...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093393/retroperitoneal-perforation-caused-by-migration-of-a-pancreatic-spontaneous-dislodgement-stent-into-periampullary-diverticula
#17
Masatake Nishiwaki, Chiemi Mizuno, Kota Yano, Hirohisa Oya, Ichiro Amano, Junko Matsumoto, Izumi Tanaka, Naoki Sawai, Masayuki Mizuno, Toshihide Shima, Yoshiharu Miyamoto, Takeshi Okanoue
An 85-year-old woman underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for obstructive jaundice. Selective bile duct cannulation was unsuccessful because of periampullary diverticula (PAD). A pancreatic spontaneous dislodgement stent (PSDS) (5F diameter, 3 cm, straight type) was inserted to prevent post-ERCP pancreatitis. Three days after ERCP, she complained of abdominal pain, and computed tomography revealed retroperitoneal perforation because of PSDS migration to the PAD. If the papillary orifice is observed at the diverticular rim or in the diverticula, a pigtailed PSDS on the duodenal side or flanged stent on the pancreatic ductal side should be inserted in order to prevent this rare adverse event...
November 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090866/tokyo-guidelines-2018-antimicrobial-therapy-for-acute-cholangitis-and-cholecystitis
#18
Harumi Gomi, Joseph S Solomkin, David Schlossberg, Kohji Okamoto, Tadahiro Takada, Steven M Strasberg, Tomohiko Ukai, Itaru Endo, Yukio Iwashita, Taizo Hibi, Henry A Pitt, Naohisa Matsunaga, Yoriyuki Takamori, Akiko Umezawa, Koji Asai, Kenji Suzuki, Ho-Seong Han, Tsann-Long Hwang, Yasuhisa Mori, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Wayne Shih-Wei Huang, Giulio Belli, Christos Dervenis, Masamichi Yokoe, Seiki Kiriyama, Takao Itoi, Palepu Jagannath, O James Garden, Fumihiko Miura, Eduardo de Santibañes, Satoru Shikata, Yoshinori Noguchi, Keita Wada, Goro Honda, Avinash Nivritti Supe, Masahiro Yoshida, Toshihiko Mayumi, Dirk J Gouma, Daniel J Deziel, Kui-Hin Liau, Miin-Fu Chen, Keng-Hao Liu, Cheng-Hsi Su, Angus C W Chan, Dong-Sup Yoon, In-Seok Choi, Eduard Jonas, Xiao-Ping Chen, Sheung Tat Fan, Chen-Guo Ker, Mariano Eduardo Giménez, Seigo Kitano, Masafumi Inomata, Shuntaro Mukai, Ryota Higuchi, Koichi Hirata, Kazuo Inui, Yoshinobu Sumiyama, Masakazu Yamamoto
Antimicrobial therapy is a mainstay of the management for patients with acute cholangitis and/or cholecystitis. Tokyo Guidelines 2018 (TG 18) provides recommendations for the appropriate for use of antimicrobials for community-acquired and healthcare-associated infections. The listed agents are for empirical therapy) provided before the infecting isolates are identified. Antimicrobial agents are listed by class-definitions and TG 18 Severity Grade I, II, and III subcategorized by clinical settings. In the era of emerging and increasing antimicrobial resistance, monitoring and updating local antibiograms is underscored...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089705/open-cholecystectomy-has-a-place-in-the-laparoscopic-era-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Ayman El Nakeeb, Youssef Mahdy, Aly Salem, Mohamed El Sorogy, Ahmed Abd El Rafea, Mohamed El Dosoky, Rami Said, Mohamed Abd Ellatif, Mohamed M A Alsayed
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is considered the gold standard for treatment of symptomatic gallbladder stones and has replaced the traditional open cholecystectomy (OC). The aim of this study is to evaluate the proper indications of the primary OC and conversion from LC and their predictive factors. This study includes all patients who underwent cholecystectomy between January 2011 and June 2016, whether open from the start (group A), conversion from laparoscopic approach (group B), or laparoscopic cholecystectomy (group C)...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081212/low-serum-pancreatic-amylase-and-lipase-values-are-simple-and-useful-predictors-to-diagnose-chronic-pancreatitis
#20
Hyoung-Chul Oh, Chang-Il Kwon, Ihab I. El Hajj, Jeffrey J Easler, James Watkins, Evan L Fogel, Lee McHenry, Stuart Sherman, Michelle K Zimmerman, Glen A Lehman
Background/Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic role of low serum amylase and lipase values in the detection of chronic pancreatitis. Methods: Patients underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and were diagnosed with non-calcific chronic pancreatitis (NCCP; n=99) and calcific chronic pancreatitis (CCP; n=112). Patient serum amylase and lipase values were compared with those of healthy controls (H; n=170). Results: The median serum amylase (normal range, 19 to 86 U/L) and lipase values (7 to 59 U/L) (P₂₅-P₇₅) were 47...
November 15, 2017: Gut and Liver
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