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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914884/clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-survival-in-cholangiocarcinoma-a-prospective-study
#1
Larisa Vasilieva, Stefanos I Papadhimitriou, Alexandra Alexopoulou, Ioannis Kostopoulos, Konstantinos Papiris, Dimitrios Pavlidis, Dimitrios Xinopoulos, Andreas Romanos, Spyridon P Dourakis
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is difficult. The present study aimed to assess the clinical features, diagnosis, and survival in CCA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study on 46 patients with CCA who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) or surgical resection and 20 controls with a clinical and ERCP suspicion for CCA in whom surgical biopsy and/or 4-year follow-up showed a benign biliary stricture...
November 30, 2016: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909551/post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis-risk-factors-and-predictors-of-severity
#2
Ayman El Nakeeb, Ehab El Hanafy, Tarek Salah, Ehab Atef, Hosam Hamed, Ahmad M Sultan, Emad Hamdy, Mohamed Said, Ahmed A El Geidie, Tharwat Kandil, Mohamed El Shobari, Gamal El Ebidy
AIM: To detect risk factors for post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) and investigate the predictors of its severity. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of all patients who underwent ERCP. Pre-ERCP data, intraoperative data, and post-ERCP data were collected. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 996 patients. Their mean age at presentation was 58.42 (± 14.72) years, and there were 454 male and 442 female patients...
November 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905178/follow-up-to-determine-unplanned-hospitalization-and-complications-after-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#3
Edwina Chan, Teresa Neeman, Andrew Thomson
BACKGROUND: Studies of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-related complications are inconsistent and sometimes have insufficient patient follow-up. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for ERCP-related events, leading to hospitalization in the case of outpatients and prolonged hospital stay in the case of inpatients, using assiduous follow-up and contemporaneous recording of data. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of 1000 consecutive ERCP procedures performed by a single endoscopist at a tertiary referral centre in Canberra, Australia, were studied and the complications evaluated...
December 1, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904249/benign-biliary-strictures
#4
REVIEW
Ashley Altman, Steven M Zangan
Differentiating benign and malignant biliary strictures is a challenging and important clinical scenario. The typical presentation is indolent and involves elevation of liver enzymes, constitutional symptoms, and obstructive jaundice with or without superimposed or recurrent cholangitis. While overall the most common causes of biliary strictures are malignant, including cholangiocarcinoma and pancreatic adenocarcinoma, benign strictures encompass a wide spectrum of etiologies including iatrogenic, autoimmune, infectious, inflammatory, and congenital...
December 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904245/choledocholithiasis-evaluation-treatment-and-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Christopher Molvar, Bryan Glaenzer
Choledocholithiasis occurs in up to approximately 20% of patients with cholelithiasis. A majority of stones form in the gallbladder and then pass into the common bile duct, where they generate symptoms, due to biliary obstruction. Confirmatory diagnosis of choledocholithiasis is made with advanced imaging, including magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Treatment varies locally; however, ERCP with sphincterotomy is most commonly employed with a high degree of success...
December 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900729/radical-resection-of-t1-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-with-a-pseudocyst-of-the-tail-due-to-acute-obstructive-pancreatitis-report-of-a-case
#6
Yuki Fujiwara, Fumitake Suzuki, Masaru Kanehira, Yasuro Futagawa, Tomoyoshi Okamoto, Katsuhiko Yanaga
A 53-year-old male visited his primary physician for epigastric and back pain. Abdominal-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a simple cyst of the pancreatic tail attached to the stomach. A distal main pancreatic duct (MPD) was clearly dilated, but no pancreatic tumor was identified around the stenosis of MPD by CT scan and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography (ERP) revealed stenosis and distal dilation of the MPD located between the body and tail of the pancreas...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898548/two-cardiac-arrests-because-of-venous-air-embolism-during-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#7
Joseph M Sisk, Monica D Choi, Andrew B Casabianca, Ali M Hassan
Venous air embolism is a rare but potentially catastrophic complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. We report 2 cases of venous air embolism and subsequent cardiac arrests. During resuscitation efforts, a transesophageal echocardiogram was placed, which demonstrated significant air in the right heart. Although gastroenterologists seem to be more aware of this complication, it is underreported in the anesthesiology literature. As anesthesiologists continue to expand coverage to endoscopy suites, anesthesia providers must be aware of predisposing factors and maintain a high index of suspicion to recognize and treat in a timely manner to prevent serious adverse outcomes...
November 28, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895426/influence-of-night-duty-on-endoscopic-therapy-for-bile-duct-stones
#8
Mitsuru Sugimoto, Tadayuki Takagi, Rei Suzuki, Naoki Konno, Hiroyuki Asama, Ko Watanabe, Jun Nakamura, Hitomi Kikuchi, Yuichi Waragai, Mika Takasumi, Takuto Hikichi, Hiromasa Ohira
AIM: To examine the influence of night duty (ND) on endoscopic therapy for biliary duct stones. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 133 patients who received initial endoscopic therapy for biliary duct stones performed by eight endoscopists after they had been on (ND group, n = 34 patients) or not [day duty (DD) group, n = 99 patients]. Patient characteristics (age, gender, history of abdominal surgery, transverse diameter of the largest stone, number of stones), years of experience of the endoscopists, endoscopic procedures [sphincterotomy, papillary balloon dilation (EPBD), papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD)], and outcomes of initial endoscopy (procedure time; rate of stone removal by the first endoscopist; procedure success rate by the first endoscopist: removal of stones or endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage; rate of final stone removal; final procedure success rate; complications; hospitalization after the procedure) were compared retrospectively between the two groups...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894187/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-pancreatobiliary-endoscopy-in-surgically-altered-anatomy
#9
REVIEW
Pichamol Jirapinyo, Linda S Lee
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has become the mainstay of therapy for pancreatobiliary diseases. While ERCP is safe and highly effective in the general population, the procedure remains challenging or impossible in patients with surgically altered anatomy (SAA). Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) allows transmural access to the bile or pancreatic duct (PD) prior to ductal drainage using ERCP-based techniques. Also known as endosonography-guided cholangiopancreatography (ESCP), the procedure provides multiple advantages over overtube-assisted enteroscopy ERCP or percutaneous or surgical approaches...
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894185/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-post-gastrectomy-patients
#10
REVIEW
Chang-Hwan Park
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in post-gastrectomy patients with Billroth II (BII) reconstruction and Roux-en-Y (RY) reconstruction presents a challenge to therapeutic endoscopists. Major difficulties, including intubation to the ampulla of Vater, selective cannulation, and ampullary intervention, must be overcome in these patients. Recent data have shown that device-assisted ERCP allows for high success rates in these patients because various devices are useful for overcoming major difficulties...
November 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892663/diagnosis-of-malignant-biliary-strictures-conventional-or-negative-pressure-brush-cytology
#11
Mohammad Reza Abbasi, Seyedeh Masoumeh Ghazi Mirsaeed, Amir Houshang Mohammad Alizadeh
Background/Objective: The aim of this study was to perform a comparative evaluation of the yields of conventional brush cytology and brush cytology with negative pressure in the diagnosis of malignant biliary strictures. Methods: A total of 132 consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic were identified. Of these, 88.0 had brush cytology after ERCP and 44 were Brush cytology with negative pressure. Retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) including brush cytology and brush cytology with negative pressure in patients with biliary strictures between 2012-2015...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891550/improved-diagnosis-of-common-bile-duct-stone-with-single-shot-balanced-turbo-field-echo-sequence-in-mrcp
#12
Yoshifumi Noda, Satoshi Goshima, Toshihisa Kojima, Shimpei Kawaguchi, Hiroshi Kawada, Nobuyuki Kawai, Hiromi Koyasu, Masayuki Matsuo, Kyongtae T Bae
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of adding single-shot balanced turbo field-echo (b-TFE) sequence to conventional magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) for the detection of common bile duct (CBD) stone. METHODS: One hundred thirty-seven consecutive patients with suspected CBD stone underwent MRCP including single-shot b-TFE sequence. Twenty-five patients were confirmed with CBD stone by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or ultrasonography...
November 28, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875357/optimal-timing-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-acute-cholangitis
#13
Linda A Hou, Loren Laine, Nima Motamedi, Ara Sahakian, Christianne Lane, James Buxbaum
OBJECTIVES: Acute cholangitis mandates resuscitation, antibiotic therapy, and biliary decompression. Our aim was to define the optimal timing of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for patients with acute cholangitis. METHODS: Clinical data on all cases of cholangitis managed by ERCP were prospectively collected from September 2010 to July 2013. The clinical impact of the time to ERCP, defined as the time from presentation in the emergency department to the commencement of the ERCP, was determined...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874166/-massive-cerebral-air-embolism-following-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
J Fernandez-Fernandez, H Real-Noval, E Rodriguez-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral air embolism following endoscopic processes is an infrequent complication, but can have catastrophic consequences. CASE REPORT: An 85-year-old male diagnosed with distal cholangiocarcinoma with criteria for unresectability who was submitted to placement of a biliary drainage prosthesis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was performed to change the prosthesis. After the procedure, the patient's vital signs and level of consciousness underwent a decline, and orotracheal intubation was required...
December 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865276/endoscopic-evaluation-in-the-workup-of-pancreatic-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Ajaypal Singh, Ashley L Faulx
Early diagnosis and accurate staging of pancreatic cancer is very important to plan optimal management strategy. Endoscopy plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of pancreatic cancer. Endoscopic ultrasound imaging (EUS) is the most sensitive modality for diagnosis, especially for small pancreatic tumors; it also allows tissue acquisition for histological diagnosis. Computed tomography scanning and EUS play complementary roles in staging and are comparable in determining resectability. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography allows tissue sampling but is limited to palliative biliary drainage in most cases...
December 2016: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864721/intraoperative-endoscopic-nasobiliary-drainage-over-primary-closure-of-the-common-bile-duct-for-choledocholithiasis-combined-with-cholecystolithiasis-a-cohort-study-of-211-cases
#16
Pei Yin, Min Wang, Renyi Qin, Jian Zhang, Guangqin Xiao, Haifeng Yu, Zhiqiang Ding, Yahong Yu
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) was often used for preoperative biliary drainage in cases like cholangiocarcinoma or acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis, reports on endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) over primary closure of the common bile duct (CBD) are limited. This study compares outcomes of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) + laparoscopic CBD exploration (LCBDE) + intraoperative ENBD + primary closure of CBD with equivalent patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and subsequent LC...
November 18, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862346/indications-for-endoscopic-ultrasonography-eus-guided-biliary-intervention-does-eus-always-come-after-failed-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#17
Yousuke Nakai, Hiroyuki Isayama, Natsuyo Yamamoto, Saburo Matsubara, Hirofumi Kogure, Suguru Mizuno, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Naminatsu Takahara, Rie Uchino, Dai Akiyama, Kaoru Takagi, Takeo Watanabe, Gyotane Umefune, Kazunaga Ishigaki, Minoru Tada, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endoscopic ultrasonography-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD), first reported as an alternative to percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), is increasingly reported as a primary procedure without failed ERCP. The present study aims to evaluate the outcomes of therapeutic biliary ERCP and to compare the safety and effectiveness of primary EUS-BD with those of ERCP, rescue EUS-BD and PTBD. METHODS: We retrospectively studied therapeutic biliary ERCP as well as subsequent rescue PTBD and EUS-BD...
October 19, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858902/accessory-gallbladder-in-an-intrahepatic-location-mimicking-a-cystic-tumor-of-the-liver-a-case-report
#18
Ji-Hye Won, Seo-Youn Choi, Hae Kyung Lee, Boem Ha Yi, Min Hee Lee, Min Jung Jung
BACKGROUND: Double gallbladder (GB) is a rare congenital anomaly of the biliary system characterized by the presence of an accessory GB. CLINICAL FINDINGS: A 38-year-old female presented with a history of right upper quadrant (RUQ) pain. Computed tomography (CT) showed a lobulated cystic mass involving the center portion of liver. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) additionally revealed a tubular structure of T2 bright signal intensity (SI), which connected the cystic lesion of the liver to the bile duct...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857966/endoscopic-versus-laparoscopic-treatment-for-choledocholithiasis-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Javier Ernesto Barreras González, Rafael Torres Peña, Julián Ruiz Torres, Miguel Ángel Martínez Alfonso, Raúl Brizuela Quintanilla, Maricela Morera Pérez
Background and study aims: Overall, 5 % to 15 % of patients undergoing cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis have concomitant bile duct stones, and the incidence of choledocholithiasis increases with age. There is no clear consensus on the best therapeutic approach (endoscopic versus surgical). Patients and methods: A prospective randomized controlled clinical trial was performed to compare three treatment options for patients with choledocholithiasis at the National Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery in Havana, Cuba from November 2007 to November 2011...
November 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853829/-hepatopancreaticobiliary-diseases-in-igg4-associated-autoimmune-diseases
#20
L Grenacher
BACKGROUND: IgG4-related diseases are rare systemic multiorgan diseases and can thus affect any organ system. The incidence of diagnosis has significantly increased due to increasing awareness. OBJECTIVE: In the abdomen the hepatopancreaticobiliary system provides an essential organ system for the expression of IgG4-associated autoimmune diseases. The focus here is autoimmune pancreatitis type 1 but IgG4-associated sclerosing cholangitis and IgG4-associated hepatopathy, which can also occur in combination are less well-known...
November 16, 2016: Der Radiologe
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