Read by QxMD icon Read


Nausheen Bakht
The social contract between medicine and society is being renegotiated and demands the reorientation of healthcare. Neither society nor doctors are happy with the way modern medicine is being practised. An obtuse focus on medical sciences and a myopic view of medical humanities (MH) has been incriminated. MH reflects on healthcare-related topics in the light of shared human experiences. It addresses the genuine concerns of patients and their attendants. It also helps inculcate humanistic values in doctors by enhancing ethical understanding, cultural sensitivity, mutual respect, empathy, communication skills and decision-making...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Chunyi Liu, Xusheng Wang, Wenjun Deng, Chang Li, Jitao Chen, Mianqi Xue, Rui Li, Feng Pan
Rechargeable aqueous metal-ion battery (RAMB) has attracted considerable attention due to its safety, low cost, and environmental friendliness. Yet the poor-performance electrode materials lead to a low feasibility of practical application. Hybrid aqueous battery (HAB) built by electrode materials with selective cation channels could increase the electrode applicability and thus enlarge the application of RAMB. In this work, we construct a high-voltage K-Na HAB based on K2FeFe(CN)6 cathode and carbon-coated NaTi2(PO4)3 (NTP/C) anode...
March 14, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
K M Lee, M C Joo, Y M Yu, M-S Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between mylohyoid motor-evoked potentials (MH-MEP) and swallowing function and determine the value of MH-MEP for predicting aspiration 3 months poststroke. METHODS: Subacute patients within a month of their first stroke were enrolled up for 2 consecutive years. Videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VFSS) were performed twice. Patients were evaluated during VFSS using the penetration aspiration scale (PAS) and videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS)...
March 13, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Chufeng Gu, Qinghua Qiu
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to determine the anatomical outcome-macular hole (MH) closure rate-and functional outcome-visual acuity (VA) improvement rate-of the inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique for large MH. METHODS: We searched for articles on large MH (> 400 μm) treated with inverted ILM flap technique in databases as of December 1, 2017. And single-arm meta-analysis was performed for the primary outcome of MH closure rate and the secondary outcome of VA improvement rate...
March 12, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Floor Wt Vergouwe, Madeleine Gottrand, Bas Pl Wijnhoven, Hanneke IJsselstijn, Guillaume Piessen, Marco J Bruno, René Mh Wijnen, Manon Cw Spaander
Esophageal atresia (EA) is one of the most common congenital digestive malformations and requires surgical correction early in life. Dedicated centers have reported survival rates up to 95%. The most frequent comorbidities after EA repair are dysphagia (72%) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) (67%). Chronic GER after EA repair might lead to mucosal damage, esophageal stricturing, Barrett's esophagus and eventually esophageal adenocarcinoma. Several long-term follow-up studies found an increased risk of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal carcinoma in EA patients, both at a relatively young age...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Yang Xiao, Wei Li, Haifeng Wan, Yifei Tan, Hong Wu
BACKGROUND: Both central hepatectomy (CH) and major hepatectomy (MH) are suggested surgical treatments for patients with centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma (CL-HCC). However, no consensus has been reached regarding which method is superior for managing these patients. This meta-analysis was conducted to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of CH and MH in patients with CL-HCC. METHODS: An electronic search for studies published in all years up to July 2017 in PubMed (Medline), EMBASE, Cochrane Library and Web of Science was performed...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Nathan Perlis, Murray D Krahn, Kirstin E Boehme, Shabbir Mh Alibhai, Munir Jamal, Antonio Finelli, Srikala S Sridhar, Peter Chung, Rushi Gandhi, Jennifer Jones, George Tomlinson, Karen E Bremner, Girish Kulkarni
PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is important in bladder cancer care and clinical decision-making because patients must choose between diverse treatment modalities with unique morbidities. A patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure of overall HRQOL for bladder cancer regardless of disease severity and treatment could benefit clinical care and research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective questionnaire development was completed in three parts. In study 1, the Bladder Utility Symptom Scale (BUSS) questions were created by experts using a conceptual framework of BC HRQOL generated through patient focus groups...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Urology
Suhwan Lee, June-Gone Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of preserving the foveal flap on surgical outcomes of full-thickness macular hole (MH) with foveal flaps. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with Stages 2 and 3 idiopathic MH, who underwent pars plana vitrectomy by a single surgeon at Asan Medical Center from November 2011 to November 2016. In the study group, we included eyes with MH and a foveal flap on preoperative spectral domain optical coherence tomography and successfully preserved the flap during surgery...
March 5, 2018: Retina
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Hirotsugu Takashina, Akira Watanabe, Hiroshi Tsuneoka
Background and Objective: To evaluate full-thickness macular hole (MH) formation in the postoperative period after initial vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (rRD). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 4 consecutive eyes that required additional vitrectomy for full-thickness MH between April 2013 and March 2016 after undergoing an initial vitrectomy for rRD. Results: Epiretinal membrane (ERM) was identified by preoperative optical coherence tomography or intraoperative dye staining in each case...
September 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Konrad Gwozdzinski, Saina Azarderakhsh, Can Imirzalioglu, Linda Falgenhauer, Trinad Chakraborty
The plasmid-located colistin resistance gene ( mcr - 1 ) confers low-level resistance to colistin, a last-line antibiotic against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Current EUCAST/CLSI recommendations require the use of a broth microdilution (BMD) method in cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton (CA-MH) for colistin susceptibility testing, but approximately 15% of all MCR-1-producers classify as sensitive in this medium. Here we report on an improved calcium-enhanced Mueller-Hinton (CE-MH) medium that permits simple and reliable determination of mcr-1 -producing Enterobacteriaceae Colistin susceptibility for 50 mcr-1 -encoding isolates of E...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Marie-Josée Fleury, Judith Sabetti, Jean-Marie Bamvita
While mental health (MH) services are expected to support client recovery, very little is known about services provided by MH teams in relation to this goal. This study explored relationships between a comprehensive collection of team effectiveness variables and the perspectives of MH professionals regarding the recovery orientation of their teams. A model developed by path analysis revealed eight team-related variables that were significantly and positively associated with recovery-oriented teams: primary care versus specialized MH services; greater proportions of clients with severe mental disorders or with suicide ideation on caseloads; knowledge sharing and knowledge production among team members; team climate; work role performance; and trust in coworkers...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Karsten Mh Bruins Slot, Eivind Berge
BACKGROUND: Factor Xa inhibitors and vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) are now recommended in treatment guidelines for preventing stroke and systemic embolic events in people with atrial fibrillation (AF). This is an update of a Cochrane review previously published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of treatment with factor Xa inhibitors versus VKAs for preventing cerebral or systemic embolic events in people with AF. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the trials registers of the Cochrane Stroke Group and the Cochrane Heart Group (September 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (August 2017), MEDLINE (1950 to April 2017), and Embase (1980 to April 2017)...
March 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A J Nguyen, C Lee, M Schojan, P Bolton
Background: Recent political changes in Myanmar provide opportunities to expand mental health (MH) services. Given Myanmar's unique situation, we felt a need to assemble and interpret available local information on MH in Myanmar to inform service design, rather than simply drawing lessons from other countries. We reviewed academic and gray literature on the experience of MH problems in Myanmar and the suitability, availability, and effectiveness of MH and psychosocial programming. Methods: We searched: (1) Google Scholar; (2) PubMed; (3) PsychInfo; (4) English-language Myanmar journals and databases; (5) the Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) Network resources website; (6) websites and (7) local contacts of organizations identified during 2010 and 2013 mapping exercise of MHPSS providers; (8) the Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) website; (9) University libraries in Yangon and Mandalay; and (10) identified local MH professionals...
2018: Global Mental Health
R Mezzina
AIM: Italy pioneered deinstitutionalisation over the past 60 years and enforced a famous mental health (MH) reform law in 1978. Deinstitutionalisation has been completed with the very closure of all psychiatric hospitals over two decades. METHODS: After 40 years of implementation, this article presents the main achievements and challenges of the Italian MH reform law, including its long-term effect and impact in Italy and abroad. RESULTS: The Legislation of 1978 was based on the discovery of rights as a key tool in mental healthcare...
March 6, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Jia Hu, Hao Feng, Yaoming Xie, R Bruce King, Henry F Schaefer
Stepwise interaction of first row transition metal atoms with 1,5-cyclooctadiene to give (C8H12)2M complexes is studied using the M06-L/DZP density functional method. The experimentally known (C8H12)2Ni is the thermodynamically most favorable complex, with a predicted geometry consistent with its experimental structure as determined by X-ray crystallography. The other transition metal atoms from scandium to zinc also interact exothermically with 1,5-cyclooctadiene to give (C8H12)2M derivatives, but these exhibit lower symmetry than the S4 symmetry exhibited by (C8H12)2Ni...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Enrico Borrelli, Michele Palmieri, Agbeanda Aharrh-Gnama, Vincenzo Ciciarelli, Rodolfo Mastropasqua, Paolo Carpineto
PURPOSE: To describe the helpfulness of using intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) during surgery for full-thickness macular hole (FTMH). OBSERVATIONS: This observational case series identifies three patients with FTMH who were treated with vitrectomy, internal limiting membrane (ILM) peel with inverted ILM flap, which was tucked into the MH, and air with 18% Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6 ) gas tamponade. Intraoperative OCT was used to confirm positioning of the ILM flap, even after complete air-fluid exchange...
March 3, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Philip Crilly, Wasim Hassanali, Gary Khanna, Kiranjit Matharu, Deep Patel, Disha Patel, Fahmida Rahman, Reem Kayyali
BACKGROUND: A number of barriers prevent community pharmacists (CPs) from impacting public health (PH) outcomes. Social media (SM) and mobile health apps (MH apps) may offer ways to help the public make positive health decisions. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate CP perceptions of their role in PH and the use of SM and MH apps in this regard. METHODS: This was a mixed method study using a cross-sectional survey and follow-up interviews. The survey covered: CPs role in PH; CP use of SM; CP use of MH apps; non-identifiable demographic information...
February 19, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Dehua Liu, Ben Chung-Lap Chan, Ling Cheng, Miranda Sin-Man Tsang, Jing Zhu, Chun-Wai Wong, Delong Jiao, Helen Yau-Tsz Chan, Ping Chung Leung, Christopher Wai-Kei Lam, Chun Kwok Wong
The immune system responds to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection by forming granulomas to quarantine the bacteria from spreading. Granuloma-mediated inflammation is a cause of lung destruction and disease transmission. Sophora flavescens (SF) has been demonstrated to exhibit bactericidal activities against MTB. However, its immune modulatory activities on MTB-mediated granulomatous inflammation have not been reported. In the present study, we found that flavonoids from Sophora flavescens (FSF) significantly suppressed the pro-inflammatory mediators released from mouse lung alveolar macrophages (MH-S) upon stimulation by trehalose dimycolate (TDM), the most abundant lipoglycan on MTB surface...
March 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
Claudio Foschi, Melissa Salvo, Silvia Galli, Alessandra Moroni, Roberto Cevenini, Antonella Marangoni
Knowledge of the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of genital Mollicutes is crucial to offer guidelines for empirical treatments. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and the resistance profile of Mycoplasma hominis (MH) and Ureaplasma urealyticum/Ureaplasma parvum (UU/UP) in genital samples over a two-year period in Bologna, Italy. From January 2015 to December 2016, data on all the subjects providing uro-genital specimens for Mollicutes detection by culture were analyzed. A total of 4660 subjects (84...
March 2, 2018: New Microbiologica
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"