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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220890/clinical-investigation-of-the-posterior-scleral-contraction-to-treat-macular-traction-maculopathy-in-highly-myopic-eyes
#1
An-Peng Pan, Ting Wan, Shuang-Qian Zhu, Liang Dong, An-Quan Xue
Myopic traction maculopathy (MTM) can cause vision disabilities in highly myopic eyes. This retrospective case series investigated the clinical outcomes of posterior scleral contraction (PSC) using genipin-cross-linked sclera as the material to treat MTM in highly myopic eyes. In total, 32 eyes from 29 highly myopic patients who underwent PSC for MTM were recruited. The changes in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and axial length were evaluated, macular reattachment and macular hole (MH) closure was assessed by optical coherence tomography, and complications were evaluated...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220252/long-term-surgical-outcomes-of-the-inverted-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-technique-in-highly-myopic-macular-hole-retinal-detachment
#2
Taiga Kinoshita, Yasutaka Onoda, Takatoshi Maeno
BACKGROUND: Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) procedures are used for the surgical treatment of macular hole retinal detachment (MHRD) associated with high myopia. Re-detachment of the retina has been reported in MHRD associated with high myopia. Our aim was to evaluate the 1-year outcomes of vitrectomy, performed using an inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap technique with gas tamponade, in five cases of MHRD associated with high myopia. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of medical records of five consecutive cases of highly myopic MHRD...
February 20, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208188/incidence-of-and-risk-factors-for-developing-idiopathic-macular-hole-among-a-diverse-group-of-patients-throughout-the-united-states
#3
Ferhina S Ali, Joshua D Stein, Taylor S Blachley, Sarah Ackley, Jay M Stewart
Importance: Idiopathic macular holes (MHs) are a cause of decreased vision among older Americans. A better understanding of risk factors for MH may help clarify the pathophysiologic factors of MH and identify potential new avenues for preventing and treating idiopathic MHs. Objective: To determine the incidence of and risk factors associated with the development of idiopathic MH requiring surgical repair with vitrectomy among a large group of managed care plan beneficiaries throughout the United States...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206803/mental-health-treatment-utilization-in-oif-oef-national-guard-and-reserve-troops-with-and-without-dsm-diagnoses
#4
Jennifer M Primack, Brian Borsari, Madeline B Benz, Madhavi K Reddy, M Tracie Shea
Military service members have an increased risk of developing mental health (MH) problems following deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan, yet only a small percentage seek mental health treatment. The aim of the present study was to explore patterns of MH service utilization within the first 12 months following return from combat deployment. Participants were 169 service members who had returned from war-zone deployment in either Iraq or Afghanistan and had assessments covering a 12-month period following their homecoming...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199065/rapid-characterization-of-trace-aflatoxin-b1-on-groundnuts-wheat-and-maize-by-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-followed-by-direct-electrospray-probe-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#5
Thiphol Satarpai, Atitaya Siripinyanond, Hung Su, Jentaie Shiea
RATIONALE: Aflatoxins are poisonous and cancer-related chemical compounds commonly existed in crops and plants. Aflatoxin B1 is the most toxic compound among aflatoxins and has been classified as Group 1 carcinogenic to human, especially on liver cancer. Herein, an ambient mass spectrometric method was developed for rapid characterization of trace aflatoxin B1 on peanuts. METHODS: Direct electrospray probe tandem mass spectrometry was used to detect aflatoxin B1 on peanuts...
February 15, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196831/child-and-adolescent-mental-health-repeat-visits-to-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Stephanie L Leon, Paula Cloutier, Christine Polihronis, Roger Zemek, Amanda S Newton, Clare Gray, Mario Cappelli
OBJECTIVES: Repeat visits represent up to 45% of mental health (MH) presentations to emergency departments (EDs) and are associated with higher health care costs. We aimed to synthesize available literature on predictors of pediatric MH repeat ED visits and differences between repeat visitors and nonrepeat visitors. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using PsycINFO, PubMed, and CINAHL databases. Reporting followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement checklist...
February 14, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188782/lipid-and-carotenoid-cooperation-driven-adaptation-to-light-and-temperature-stress-in-synechocystis-sp-pcc6803
#7
Tomas Zakar, Eva Herman, Sindhujaa Vajravel, Laszlo Kovacs, Jana Knoppová, Josef Komenda, Ildiko Domonkos, Mihaly Kis, Zoltan Gombos, Hajnalka Laczko-Dobos
Polyunsaturated lipids are important components of photosynthetic membranes. Xanthophylls are the main photoprotective agents, can assist in protection against light stress, and are crucial in the recovery from photoinhibition. We generated the xanthophyll- and polyunsaturated lipid-deficient ROAD mutant of Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 (Synechocystis) in order to study the little-known cooperative effects of lipids and carotenoids (Cars). Electron microscopic investigations confirmed that in the absence of xanthophylls the S-layer of the cellular envelope is missing...
February 7, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185463/-lymphoedema-following-regional-lymph-node-surgery-for-breast-cancer
#8
P Vrtělová, O Coufal, V Fait, L Gabrielová, O Zapletal
BACKGROUND: The treatment of breast cancer is based on the multimodal principle and surgery of regional lymph nodes is an inseparable part of this. Indication criteria are changing constantly folowing advances in other modalities. It is necessary to consider not only the diagnostic or therapeutic benefit but also to take into account adverse effects. Previous studies have demonstrated that axillary dissection (ALND) is burdened by a high frequency of chronic lymphoedema of the arm or chest wall; however, a considerable percentage of patients may also suffer from lymphoedema after sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB)...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178913/training-us-health-care-professionals-on-human-trafficking-where-do-we-go-from-here
#9
Clydette Powell, Kirsten Dickins, Hanni Stoklosa
: Some 21 million adults and children are labor-trafficked or sex-trafficked through force, fraud, or coercion. In recognition of the interface between trafficking victims and the healthcare setting, over the last 10 years there has been a notable increase in training of health care professionals (HCPs) on human trafficking (HT) and its health implications. Many organizations have developed curricula and offered training in various clinical settings. However, methods and content of this education on trafficking vary widely, and there is little evaluation of the impact of the training...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163089/comparative-effectiveness-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-and-conventional-approaches-to-major-or-challenging-hepatectomy
#10
Lucas W Thornblade, Xu Shi, Alex Ruiz, David R Flum, James O Park
BACKGROUND: The benefits of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for low-risk or minor liver resection are well established. There is growing interest in MIS for major hepatectomy (MH) and other challenging resections, but there remain unanswered questions of safety that prevent broad adoption of this technique. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing hepatectomy at 65 hospitals participating in the NSQIP Hepatopancreatobiliary Collaborative in 2014...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162038/study-of-the-factors-influencing-the-metals-solubilisation-from-a-mixture-of-waste-batteries-by-response-surface-methodology
#11
Kulchaya Tanong, Lucie Coudert, Myriam Chartier, Guy Mercier, Jean-François Blais
This paper presents an innovative process for the recovery of the valuable metals from a mixture of spent batteries. Different types of batteries, including alkaline, zinc-carbon (Zn-C), nickel cadmium (Ni-Cd), nickel metal hydride (Ni-MH), lithium ion (Li-ion) and lithium metallic (Li-M) batteries, were mixed according to the proportion of the Canadian sales of batteries. A Box-Behnken design was applied to find the optimum leaching conditions allowing a maximum of valuable metal removals from a mixture of spent batteries in the presence of an inorganic acid and a reducing agent...
February 6, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161952/first-principles-study-of-novel-two-dimensional-c4h9nh3-2pbx4-perovskites-for-solar-cell-absorbers
#12
Da Wang, Bo Wen, Ya-Nan Zhu, Chuan-Jia Tong, Zhen-Kun Tang, Li-Min Liu
Low-dimensional perovskites (A2BX4), in which the A cations are replaced by different organic cations, may be used for photovoltaic applications. In this contribution, we systematically study the two-dimensional (2D) (C4H9NH3)2PbX4 (X═Cl, Br and I) hybrid perovskites by density functional theory (DFT). A clear structures-properties relationship, with the photophysical characteristics directly related to the dimensionality and material compositions, was established. The strong s-p antibonding couplings in both bulk and monolayer (C4H9NH3)2PbI4 lead to low effective masses for both holes (mh*) and electrons (me*)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161828/macular-hole-closure-patterns-associated-with-different-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-techniques
#13
Tommaso Rossi, Aldo Gelso, Ciro Costagliola, Carlandrea Trillo, Annalisa Costa, Carlo Gesualdo, Guido Ripandelli
PURPOSE: To compare the anatomic and functional outcome of two variants of the inverted internal limiting membrane (I-ILM) flap technique for idiopathic macular holes (IMH) larger than 400 µm. METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients undergoing PPV for IMH were randomly assigned to different variants of I-ILM technique: the Cover group included 14 patients in which the I-ILM was folded upside-down over the MH as a single layer while the Fill group enrolled 13 patients in which the I-ILM was folded within the MH in multiple layers...
February 4, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158922/pulmonary-glass-particles-may-persist-in-the-lung-suppressing-function-of-immune-cells
#14
Eun-Jung Park, Gwang-Hee Lee, Jae-Chan Kim, Sang Jin Lee, Kyuhong Lee, Byoung-Seok Lee, Jaerak Chang, Dong-Wan Kim
The health effects of silica may depend on the inherent properties of crystalline silica or on external factors affecting the biological activity or distribution of its polymorphs. Inhaled crystalline silica is classified as a Group I carcinogen, however, information on the health effects of amorphous silica is still insufficient. Considering that alveolar macrophages play a key role in both innate and adaptive immune responses for removal of foreign bodies that enter via the respiratory system, we treated sheet-like glass particles (SGPs), a type of noncrystalline amorphous silica, to MH-S cells, an alveolar macrophage cell line...
February 3, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151549/individualized-mini-hemilaminectomy-corpectomy-imhc-for-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-herniation-in-large-breed-dogs
#15
Susanne C Medl, Sven Reese, Nikola S Medl
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term, mid-term, and long-term results after an individualized mini-hemilaminectomy-corpectomy (iMHC) procedure for treatment of acute and chronic thoracolumbar intervertebral disc disease in non-chondrodystrophic dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned non-chondrodystrophic large breed dogs (n = 57). METHODS: The iMHC procedure, combining mini-hemilaminectomy (MH) and partial lateral corpectomy, was performed on non-chondrodystrophic dogs with thoracolumbar disc disease...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149827/a-case-of-rapid-progression-of-postoperative-hyperthermia-dantrolene-or-not-dilemma
#16
Marzieh R Honardar, Jesus Rubio, Sanjay M Bhananker
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an extremely rare and life-threatening differential diagnosis of postoperative fever. We present an 8-month-old child scheduled for elective outpatient procedure who rapidly developed high fever, tachycardia, and respiratory acidosis shortly after transfer to the postanesthesia care unit. MH hotline expert recommended administering dantrolene, but there was no evidence of hypermetabolism or lactic acidosis. The patient remained clinically stable after admission to the pediatric intensive care unit and was discharged home the next day...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139507/increased-risk-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-southwest-china
#17
Jing Tan, Qiu-Yi Wang, Gui-Mei Feng, Xue-Ying Li, Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its characteristic symptoms have been associated with physical and psychological issues in women of reproductive age. The current study was conducted in response to the dearth of systematic research related to psychological functioning and quality of life in patients with PCOS in Southwest China, and to determine whether patients with PCOS exhibit poorer mental health (MH) compared to healthy women of the same age and living in the same region, without a PCOS diagnosis...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139145/a-case-report-of-combination-treatment-with-potassium-titanyl-phosphate-laser-and-brimonidine-topical-gel-in-erythematotelangiectatic-rosacea
#18
M A Hofmann, G Kokolakis
Laser therapies have been shown to provide symptom improvement in patients with erythema and telangiectasia of rosacea; however, they are associated with side effects such as erythema. Combinatorial treatment with pharmacological agents and laser have demonstrated better efficacy, fewer side effects and continued long-term remission compared with monotherapies. A case of moderate facial erythema that responded well to combination treatment with brimonidine 3 mg/g gel and a treatment course of potassium-titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser therapy is presented, showing a reduction from baseline, maintained after final laser session, by applying brimonidine 3 mg/g gel daily...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137673/availability-of-emotional-support-and-mental-healthcare-for-pediatric-residents
#19
Melissa M Cellini, Janet R Serwint, Linda H Chaudron, Constance D Baldwin, Aaron K Blumkin, Peter G Szilagyi
BACKGROUND: Resident mental health (MH) problems can be associated with reduced empathy and increased medical errors. The ACGME mandates resident MH support services, but it is unknown if these services are accessible and meet resident needs. OBJECTIVES: Describe prevalence of anxiety and depression in current pediatric residents in New York State (NY), and their self-reported use of and barriers to support services. METHODS: We developed an online survey and distributed it to all categorical pediatric residents in 9 NY programs...
January 27, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137441/effects-of-habitual-knuckle-cracking-on-metacarpal-cartilage-thickness-and-grip-strength
#20
M T Yildizgören, T Ekiz, S Nizamogullari, A D Turhanoglu, H Guler, N Ustun, M Kara, L Özçakar
Joint cracking involves a manipulation of the finger joints resulting in an audible crack. This study aimed to determine whether habitual knuckle cracking (KC) leads to an alteration in grip strength and metacarpal head (MH) cartilage thickness. Thirty-five habitual knuckle crackers (cracking their joints ≥5times/day) (20 M, 15 F, aged 19-27 years) and 35 age-, gender-, and body mass index-matched non-crackers were enrolled in the study. MH cartilage thickness was measured with ultrasound and grip strength was measured with an analog Jamar hand dynamometer...
February 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
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