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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777967/rates-and-correlates-of-disordered-eating-among-women-veterans-in-primary-care
#1
Laura J Buchholz, Paul R King, Laura O Wray
Rates of disordered eating may be higher among women veterans than civilians, and are associated with co-occurring mental health (MH) conditions, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and alcohol misuse. Although evidence suggests that these conditions are common in primary care settings, limited research has examined symptoms of disordered eating among women veterans in primary care. This study used a cross-sectional design to examine rates and MH correlates of disordered eating among women veterans treated in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777229/fate-of-the-metabolically-healthy-obese-is-this-term-a-misnomer-a-study-from-the-clinical-practice-research-datalink
#2
Osama Moussa, Chanpreet Arhi, Paul Ziprin, Ara Darzi, Omar Khan, Sanjay Purkayastha
INTRODUCTION: The metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype may express typical characteristics on long-term follow-up. Little is known about the initiation of this phenotypes and its future stability. AIM: The Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) is a large-scale primary care database. The aim of this study was to assess the stability of, and evaluate the factors associated with a transition into an unhealthy outcome in, a MHO population in the UK. METHODS: The CPRD was interrogated for a diagnosis of 'obesity' and cross-referenced with a body mass index (BMI) ≥35 kg/m2 ; participants were further classified as MH using a clinical diagnostic code or a relative therapeutic code...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776739/morgagni-hernia-repair-in-children-over-two-decades-institutional-experience-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-296-patients
#3
Yew-Wei Tan, Debasish Banerjee, Kate M Cross, Paolo De Coppi, Simon C Blackburn, Clare M Rees, Stefano Giuliani, Joe I Curry, Simon Eaton
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia (MH) is rare. We report our experience based on routine patch use in MH repair to curb recurrence. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to study the recurrence and complications associated with minimally invasive surgery and the use of patch. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of MH who underwent first-time repair in 2012-2017 in our institution to determine recurrence and complication rate...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775548/open-versus-laparoscopic-approach-for-morgagni-s-hernia-in-infants-and-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Giuseppe Lauriti, Elke Zani-Ruttenstock, Vincenzo D Catania, Lina Antounians, Pierluigi Lelli Chiesa, Agostino Pierro, Augusto Zani
INTRODUCTION: The laparoscopic repair of Morgagni's hernia (MH) has been reported to be safe and feasible. However, it is still unclear whether laparoscopy is superior to open surgery in repairing MH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a defined search strategy, three investigators independently identified all comparative studies reporting data on open and laparoscopic MH repair in patients <18 years of age. Case reports and opinion articles were excluded. Meta-analysis was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines and using RevMan 5...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772043/foveal-avascular-zone-area-analysis-in-macular-hole-before-and-after-surgery-using-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#5
Ferdiriva Hamzah, Ari Shinojima, Hiroyuki Nakashizuka, Akiyo Kawamorita, Hiroyuki Shimada
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To analyze the foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area in superficial and deep retinal layers in patients with macular hole (MH) before and after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors studied 14 patients with unilateral MH. They examined a 3 mm × 3 mm area at the fovea before and 6 months after surgery using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography angiography. RESULTS: In eyes affected by MH, the mean preoperative superficial FAZ (0...
May 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770302/percutaneous-microwave-thermosphere-ablation-of-pancreatic-tumours
#6
Anna Maria Ierardi, Pierpaolo Biondetti, Andrea Coppola, Enrico Maria Fumarola, Alberto Magenta Biasina, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Background: In oncologic field, thermo-ablative procedures have spread more and more. Percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) showed same benefits and some advantages over radiofrequency ablation (RFA). To date, a disadvantage of both was the not totally predictable size and shape of ablation volume. The aim of this study was to assess feasibility and safety of MWA in nonresectable pancreatic head cancer using a new technology of MW with high power (100 W) and frequency of 2,450 MH. Methods: Five patients with pancreatic head cancer treated with percutaneous MWA under ultrasound guidance were retrospectively reviewed...
April 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767436/police-interactions-and-interventions-with-suspects-flagged-as-experiencing-mental-health-problems
#7
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Jurgen Mitsch, Tahseen Jilani, Philip Quinlan, Jack Cattell, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex, and effectiveness of innovative support and diversion models in England and Wales not yet fully evaluated. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: Our aims were to examine police interactions with suspects and to measure the immediate effectiveness of police/NHS MH interventions, including liaison and diversion and embedded staff in police contact and control rooms. We hypothesised that those with an MH flag would have significantly greater benefit from such interventions than those without in terms of how far they are taken down the criminal justice pathway and how long they spend in police custody...
May 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764427/col4a5-and-lama5-variants-co-inherited-in-familial-hematuria-digenic-inheritance-or-genetic-modifier-effect
#8
Konstantinos Voskarides, Gregory Papagregoriou, Despina Hadjipanagi, Ioanelli Petrou, Isavella Savva, Avraam Elia, Yiannis Athanasiou, Androulla Pastelli, Maria Kkolou, Michalis Hadjigavriel, Christoforos Stavrou, Alkis Pierides, Constantinos Deltas
BACKGROUND: About 40-50% of patients with familial microscopic hematuria (FMH) caused by thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN) inherit heterozygous mutations in collagen IV genes (COL4A3, COL4A4). On long follow-up, the full phenotypic spectrum of these patients varies a lot, ranging from isolated MH or MH plus low-grade proteinuria to chronic renal failure of variable degree, including end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: Here, we performed Whole Exome Sequencing (WES) in patients of six families, presenting with autosomal dominant FMH, with or without progression to proteinuria and loss of renal function, all previously found negative for severe collagen IV mutations...
May 16, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763951/dynamic-4d-ct-angiography-for-guiding-transarterial-chemoembolization-impact-on-the-reduction-of-contrast-material-operator-radiation-exposure-catheter-consumption-and-diagnostic-confidence
#9
Moritz H Albrecht, Thomas J Vogl, Julian L Wichmann, Simon S Martin, Jan-Erik Scholtz, Sebastian Fischer, Renate M Hammerstingl, Marc Harth, Nour-Eldin A Nour-Eldin, Axel Thalhammer, Stephan Zangos, Ralf W Bauer
PURPOSE:  This study was carried out to investigate the impact of abdominal dynamic four-dimensional CT angiography (4D-CTA) for guiding transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) on the amount of contrast material used, operator radiation exposure, catheter consumption, and diagnostic confidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Written consent was waived for this IRB-approved retrospective study. 29 patients (20 men; mean age: 65.7 ± 11.5 years) with malignant liver lesions underwent 4D-CTA, prior to initial TACE...
June 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762820/relation-between-mycoplasma-infection-and-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion
#10
C-J Cao, Y-F Wang, D-M Fang, Y Hu
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the possible relation between cervical infections with Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Mycoplasma hominis (MH) and the occurrence of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 132 patients with RSA (observation group) and 96 normal pregnancy volunteers undergoing planned abortions (control group) were selected successively and enrolled in the investigation. Cervical secretion samples were obtained for each subject...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755819/vitreoretinal-interface-characteristics-in-eyes-with-idiopathic-macular-holes-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis
#11
Arzu Seyhan Karatepe, Jale Menteş, E Tansu Erakgün, Filiz Afrashi, Serhad Nalçacı, Cezmi Akkın, Yeşim Ateş
Objectives: To determine the qualitative and quantitative vitreoretinal interface characteristics with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in eyes with macular hole (MH) and investigate their relation with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and MH duration. Materials and Methods: Sixty-one eyes of 46 consecutive patients diagnosed with idiopathic MH were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 66.7±7.5 (51-79) years. Complete ophthalmologic examination and SD-OCT examination were performed in all eyes and MH stages were determined according to SD-OCT findings...
April 2018: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752946/effect-of-free-amino-acids-on-bovine-retinal-pericytes
#12
S Vidhya, R Ramya, K Coral, K N Sulochana, S R Bharathidevi
AIM: This study was conducted to estimate the aminoacid levels in the vitreous of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and to correlate it with the adiponectin levels. Secondly to test if these amino acids can alter or induce adiponectin levels and its related factors in retinal cells like pericyte as an in vitro model. METHODS: All human studies were done as per declaration of Helsinki with institutional approval and after obtaining consent from participating individuals...
May 9, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749966/metallic-hydrogen
#13
I F Silvera, Ranga Dias
Hydrogen is the simplest and most abundant element in the Universe. There are two&#13; pathways for creating metallic hydrogen under high pressures. Over 80 years ago Wigner and&#13; Huntington predicted that if solid molecular hydrogen was sufficiently compressed in the T=0 K&#13; limit, molecules would dissociate to form atomic metallic hydrogen (MH). We have observed&#13; this transition at a pressure of 4.95 megabars. MH in this form has probably never existed on&#13; Earth or in the Universe; it may be a room temperature superconductor and is predicted to be&#13; metastable...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749874/genital-mycoplasmas-and-ureaplasmas-in-cervicovaginal-self-collected-samples-of-reproductive-age-women-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#14
Jani Silva, Fátima Cerqueira, Ana Luísa Teixeira, Maria Clara Bicho, Rui Campainha, José Amorim, Rui Medeiros
The purpose of this study was to characterise the prevalence and risk factors associated with genital mycoplasmas ( Mycoplasma hominis [MH], M. genitalium [MG]) and ureaplasmas ( Ureaplasma urealyticum [UU], U. parvum [UP]) in Portuguese women of reproductive age. The cross-sectional study included 612 cervicovaginal self-collected samples from women aged 15-44 years, tested for MH, MG, UU, UP by polymerase chain reaction. Y chromosome (Yc) DNA was detected as a biomarker of recent unprotected sexual intercourse...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748866/two-cases-of-repeating-recurrences-and-spontaneous-closures-of-macular-holes-in-vitrectomized-eyes
#15
Takamasa Mori, Seiji Kitamura, Hirokazu Sakaguchi, Kohji Nishida, Masahito Ohji
BACKGROUND: Three eyes of 2 cases had repeating recurrences and spontaneous closures of macular holes (MHs) after vitrectomy. CASES: A 66-year-old man had rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in his left eye and underwent vitrectomy with successful retinal reattachment. A full-thickness MH developed 1 year after the vitrectomy and spontaneously closed 1 month later. Opening and spontaneous closure of the MH recurred an additional 4 times over 7 years. An 80-year-old man had suffered intraocular lens (IOL) dislocation and underwent vitrectomy in his left eye...
May 10, 2018: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748164/harnessing-social-media-to-explore-youth-social-withdrawal-in-three-major-cities-in-china-cross-sectional-web-survey
#16
Lucia Lin Liu, Tim Mh Li, Alan R Teo, Takahiro A Kato, Paul Wc Wong
BACKGROUND: Socially withdrawn youth belong to an emerging subgroup of youth who are not in employment, education, or training and who have limited social interaction intention and opportunities. The use of the internet and social media is expected to be an alternative and feasible way to reach this group of young people because of their reclusive nature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the possibility of using various social media platforms to investigate the existence of the phenomenon of youth social withdrawal in 3 major cities in China...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745254/treatment-of-rat-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-with-sildenafil-and-ns-304-selexipag-s-active-compound-at-the-pseudoglandular-stage-improves-lung-vasculature
#17
Daphne S Mous, Heleen M Kool, Petra E Burgisser, Marjon J Buscop-van Kempen, Koji Nagata, Anne Boerema-de Munck, Joost van Rosmalen, Oleh Dzyubachyk, Rene Mh Wijnen, Dick Tibboel, Robbert J Rottier
Patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) often suffer from severe pulmonary hypertension and the choice of current vasodilator therapy is mostly based on trial and error. Since pulmonary vascular abnormalities are already present early during development, we performed a study to modulate these pulmonary vascular changes at an early stage during gestation. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with nitrofen at day 9.5 of gestation (E9.5) to induce CDH in the offspring and subsequently the phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil and/or the novel prostaglandin-I receptor agonist selexipag (NS-304) were administered from E17...
May 10, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744761/microstructural-retinal-regeneration-after-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-surgery-for-repair-of-large-macular-holes-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#18
Max Vieregge, Christophe Valmaggia, Hendrik P N Scholl, Josef Guber
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term change in functional and structural outcomes after successful repair of large macular holes (MH) with internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap techniques. METHODS: Eleven consecutive patients were reviewed over a 1-year time period after the successful repair of large MH with ILM flap techniques. SD-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images were taken to assess the anatomical outcome after surgery, while the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was tested using Snellen charts to evaluate the functional outcome...
May 9, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743835/trough-level-of-infliximab-is-useful-for-assessing-mucosal-healing-in-crohn-s-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Akihiro Koga, Toshiyuki Matsui, Noritaka Takatsu, Yasumichi Takada, Masahiro Kishi, Yutaka Yano, Takahiro Beppu, Yoichiro Ono, Kazeo Ninomiya, Fumihito Hirai, Takashi Nagahama, Takashi Hisabe, Yasuhiro Takaki, Kenshi Yao, Hirotsugu Imaeda, Akira Andoh
Background/Aims: Decreased trough levels of infliximab (TLI) and antibodies to infliximab (ATI) are associated with loss of response (LOR) in Crohn's disease. Two prospective studies were conducted to determine whether TLI or ATI better correlates with LOR (Study 1), and whether TLI could become a predictor of mucosal healing (MH) (Study 2). Methods: Study 1 was conducted in 108 patients, including those with LOR and remission to compare ATI and TLI in discriminating the 2 conditions based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses...
April 2018: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742036/emergency-department-telepsychiatry-service-model-for-a-rural-regional-health-system-the-first-steps
#20
James D Meyer, Alastair J S McKean, Rebecca N Blegen, Bart M Demaerschalk
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) have recognized an increasing number of patients presenting with mental health (MH) concerns. This trend imposes greater demands upon EDs already operating at capacity. Many ED providers do not feel they are optimally prepared to provide the necessary MH care. One consideration in response to this dilemma is to use advanced telemedicine technology for psychiatric consultation. INTRODUCTION: We examined a rural- and community-based health system operating 21 EDs, none of which has direct access to psychiatric consultation...
May 9, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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