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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731979/global-positioning-system-analysis-of-a-high-school-football-scrimmage
#1
Benjamin H Gleason, Matthew L Sams, John T Salley, A Andrew Pustina, Michael H Stone
Gleason, BH, Sams, M, Salley, JT, Pustina, A, and Stone, MH. Global positioning system analysis of a high school football scrimmage. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2183-2188, 2017-The purpose of this study was to examine the physical demands of a high school American football scrimmage. Male high school football players (N = 25) participated in a spring scrimmage. Global positioning system data and game film were recorded throughout the entirety of the scrimmage to determine the total distance covered, the distance covered in different velocity bands, the number of accelerations and decelerations performed, and the work-to-rest ratio of the scrimmage...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731202/on-the-brink-the-highly-reduced-plastomes-of-nonphotosynthetic-ericaceae
#2
Thomas W A Braukmann, Michael B Broe, Saša Stefanović, John V Freudenstein
Ericaceae (the heather family) is a large and diverse group of plants that forms elaborate symbiotic relationships with mycorrhizal fungi, and includes several nonphotosynthetic lineages. Using an extensive sample of fully mycoheterotrophic (MH) species, we explored inter- and intraspecific variation as well as selective constraints acting on the plastomes of these unusual plants. The plastomes of seven MH genera were analysed in a phylogenetic context with two geographically disparate individuals sequenced for Allotropa, Monotropa, and Pityopus...
July 21, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727923/height-prediction-from-ulna-length-of-critically-ill-patients
#3
Micheli S Tarnowski, Estela I Rabito, Daieni Fernandes, Mariane Rosa, Manoela L Oliveira, Vânia N Hirakata, Aline Marcadenti
BACKGROUND: Ulna length (UL) has been used in mathematical formulas to predict the body height of healthy and sick individuals. However, the evaluation of its use with patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) is scarce. The objective of this study was to develop a mathematical equation to estimate critically ill patients' height using the UL measure and to evaluate its agreement with measured standing height. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed at the ICU of a tertiary hospital in Brazil...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727087/effects-of-zilpaterol-hydrochloride-on-methane-production-total-body-oxygen-consumption-and-blood-metabolites-in-finishing-beef-steers
#4
K E Hales, A P Foote, D W Brake, T M Brown-Brandl, V M Artegoitia, H C Freetly
An indirect calorimetry experiment was conducted to determine the effects of feeding zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) for 20 d on total body oxygen consumption, respiratory quotient, methane production, and blood metabolites in finishing beef steers. Sixteen Angus steers (initial BW = 555 ± 12.7 kg) were individually fed at ad libitum intake and used in a completely randomized design. The model included the fixed effects of dietary treatment, day, and treatment × day. Dry matter intake did not differ between the treatments ( = 0...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724829/case-report-of-a-secondary-macular-hole-closure-after-intravitreal-bevacizumab-therapy-in-a-patient-with-retinal-pigment-epithelial-detachment
#5
Marcus Werner Storch, Hans Hoerauf
We describe a case of macular hole (MH) closure after intravitreal bevacizumab therapy for an underlying pigment epithelial detachment (PED) due to exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The 73-year-old Caucasian female presented with reduced visual acuity (20/80) of the left eye and metamorphopsia for approximately 6 months. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography revealed a subfoveal PED due to AMD with an associated MH. To treat the exudative component of the pathology, we started intravitreal bevacizumab therapy, consecutively leading to reduction of the height of PED and allowing closure of the MH...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721541/efficacy-and-safety-of-metallic-stents-in-comparison-to-plastic-stents-for-endoscopic-drainage-of-peripancreatic-fluid-collections-a-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Rajesh Panwar, Preet Mohinder Singh
Metallic stents are being increasingly used for endoscopic drainage of peripancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) but their superiority over plastic stents has not been proven. We carried out a meta-analysis to consolidate the results from available studies and to suggest evidence-based recommendations. Studies that compared plastic and metallic stents for endoscopic drainage of PFCs and published before October 2016 were searched. Comparisons were performed for clinical success, adverse events, salvage interventions, mortality, technical success and recurrence...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719515/anaesthetic-management-of-patients-with-myopathies
#7
Mark Schieren, Jerome Defosse, Andreas Böhmer, Frank Wappler, Mark U Gerbershagen
: The anaesthetic management of patients with myopathies is challenging. Considering the low incidence and heterogeneity of these disorders, most anaesthetists are unfamiliar with key symptoms, associated co-morbidities and implications for anaesthesia. The pre-anaesthetic assessment aims at the detection of potentially undiagnosed myopathic patients and, in case of known or suspected muscular disease, on the quantification of disease progression. Ancillary testing (e.g. echocardiography, ECG, lung function testing etc...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716184/oxygen-isotopes-suggest-elevated-thermometabolism-within-multiple-permo-triassic-therapsid-clades
#8
Kévin Rey, Romain Amiot, François Fourel, Fernando Abdala, Frédéric Fluteau, Nour-Eddine Jalil, Jun Liu, Bruce S Rubidge, Roger Mh Smith, J Sébastien Steyer, Pia A Viglietti, Xu Wang, Christophe Lécuyer
The only true living endothermic vertebrates are birds and mammals, which produce and regulate their internal temperature quite independently from their surroundings. For mammal ancestors, anatomical clues suggest that endothermy originated during the Permian or Triassic. Here we investigate the origin of mammalian thermoregulation by analysing apatite stable oxygen isotope compositions (δ(18)Op) of some of their Permo-Triassic therapsid relatives. Comparing of the δ(18)Op values of therapsid bone and tooth apatites to those of co-existing non-therapsid tetrapods, demonstrates different body temperatures and thermoregulatory strategies...
July 18, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715813/efficacy-of-the-perfluoro-n-octane-assisted-single-layered-inverted-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-technique-for-large-macular-holes
#9
Kang Yeun Pak, Jung Yul Park, Sung Who Park, Ik Soo Byon, Ji Eun Lee
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the perfluoro-n-octane-assisted single-layered inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap for large macular holes (MHs). METHODS: We reviewed idiopathic MHs >400 μm. The patients were divided into ILM peeling (group P, 51 eyes) and ILM flap (group F, 41 eyes). Closure of MHs, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and postoperative optical coherence tomography findings were analyzed. RESULTS: MH closure was achieved in 88...
July 15, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715457/an-analogous-wood-barrel-theory-to-explain-the-occurrence-of-hormesis-a-case-study-of-sulfonamides-and-erythromycin-on-escherichia-coli-growth
#10
Dali Wang, Zhifen Lin, Ting Wang, Xiruo Ding, Ying Liu
Hormesis has aroused much attention during the past two decades and may have great implications on many fields, including toxicology and risk assessment. However, the observation of hormesis remains challenged under laboratory conditions. To determine favorable conditions under which to observe hormesis, we investigated the hormetic responses of Escherichia coli (E. coli) upon exposure of different concentrations of sulfonamides and erythromycin at different time points and in different culture media: Luria-Bertani (LB) broth and Mueller Hinton (MH) broth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714723/the-implementation-and-testing-of-a-referral-management-system-to-address-barriers-to-treatment-seeking-among-primary-care-veterans-with-ptsd
#11
Kyle Possemato, Emily M Johnson, Laura O Wray, Brad Webster, Tracy Stecker
Primary care (PC) patients have low rates of engagement in evidence-based psychotherapy for PTSD due to a variety of patient- and system-level barriers. We conducted a hybrid effectiveness-implementation study of a referral management system, called coordinated and alternative pathway to engagement (CAPE), to address barriers to receiving evidence-based treatment for PTSD. CAPE included the delivery of 1 session of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) within PC to identify and change treatment-seeking beliefs, phone contacts to assist veterans in attending appointments, and PC staff trainings on how to implement clinical practice guidelines for PTSD in PC...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714535/neandertal-talus-bones-from-el-sidr%C3%A3-n-site-asturias-spain-a-3d-geometric-morphometrics-analysis
#12
Antonio Rosas, Anabel Ferrando, Markus Bastir, Antonio García-Tabernero, Almudena Estalrrich, Rosa Huguet, Daniel García-Martínez, Juan Francisco Pastor, Marco de la Rasilla
OBJECTIVES: The El Sidrón tali sample is assessed in an evolutionary framework. We aim to explore the relationship between Neandertal talus morphology and body size/shape. We test the hypothesis 1: talar Neandertal traits are influenced by body size, and the hypothesis 2: shape variables independent of body size correspond to inherited primitive features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We quantify 35 landmarks through 3D geometric morphometrics techniques to describe H...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712171/neonatal-pain-and-preventive-strategies-an-experience-in-a-tertiary-care-unit
#13
Shahid Mahmud, Sajid Ali Shah, Saeed Zaman Khattak
BACKGROUND: Little is known about neonatal pain in Pakistan. So, to know about neonatal pain, its scoring and the effectiveness of oral dextrose in neonatal pain management we carried this study in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of military hospital (MH) Rawalpindi. METHODS: This randomized control trial was carried out in NICU of MH, Rawalpindi from Jan to Dec 2013. Total of 252 babies were enrolled in the study. We assessed neonatal pain by using Modified Behavioural Pain Scale (MBPS)...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710700/enhancing-state-medical-home-capacity-through-a-care-coordination-technical-assistance-model
#14
Susan Berry, Patti Barovechio, Emily Mabile, Tri Tran
Introduction A practice-based care coordination (CC) model was developed by Louisiana's Title V Children's Special Health Services (CSHS) program to meet the overwhelming needs of the New Orleans post-Katrina population. The pilot clinic demonstrated an improvement in medical home (MH) capacity over the course of 3 months. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the replicability of the model and sustainability of MH improvement over at least 2 years, while identifying factors that may modify the effect of the intervention...
July 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707584/a-review-of-recent-advancements-in-anti-tubercular-molecular-hybrids
#15
Parvesh Singh, Bukola Jaiyeola, Nagaraju Kerru, Oluwakemi Ebenezer, Ajay Bissessur
Tuberculosis (TB) accounts for millions of deaths worldwide every year. Diverse survival strategies adopted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) has substantially hindered the existing anti-TB regimen thereby leading to multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extremely drug-resistant (XDR) strains of TB. The steady decrease in current antibiotics' efficacy against these adversities is an indicator that their adequate replenishment in future is almost impossible, placing society on the precipice of a catastrophe. Over the past many years, researchers have been continuously generating new armamentarium of anti-TB drugs by tailoring the properties of available drugs or designing completely new agents...
July 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704441/a-comparison-of-sex-steroid-concentration-levels-in-the-vitreous-and-serum-of-patients-with-vitreoretinal-diseases
#16
Yuko Nishikawa, Seita Morishita, Taeko Horie, Masanori Fukumoto, Takaki Sato, Teruyo Kida, Hidehiro Oku, Jun Sugasawa, Tsunehiko Ikeda, Kimitoshi Nakamura
The purpose of this study was to compare steroid hormone concentration levels in the vitreous and serum of vitreoretinal disease patients to elucidate the possibility of neurosteroid production in the retina. Serum and vitreous samples were collected from vitrectomy patients, and estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) concentrations were measured using electro-chemiluminescence immunoassay. We measured E2 in epiretinal membrane (ERM, n = 14), macular hole (MH, n = 18), proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR, n = 20), and retinal detachment (RD, n = 19) cases, and T in ERM (n = 14), MH (n = 17), PDR (n = 13), and RD (n = 17) cases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704163/prevalence-of-macular-abnormalities-assessed-by-optical-coherence-tomography-in-patients-with-usher-syndrome
#17
Francesco Testa, Paolo Melillo, Settimio Rossi, Vincenzo Marcelli, Antonella de Benedictis, Raffaella Colucci, Beatrice Gallo, Raffaella Brunetti-Pierri, Simone Donati, Claudio Azzolini, Elio Marciano, Francesca Simonelli
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of macular abnormalities in patients affected by Usher syndrome (USH), by comparing the clinical findings between two types (i.e., USH1 and USH2). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed by reviewing optical coherence tomography (OCT) in 134 USH patients to determine the presence of macular abnormalities, including cystoid macular edema (CME), epiretinal membrane (ERM), vitreo-macular traction syndrome (VMT), and macular hole (MH)...
July 13, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698833/hiding-within-the-cracks-case-report-of-rare-sutural-bone-found-at-the-nasion
#18
Bryan Edwards, Joy Mh Wang, Joe Iwanaga, Jennifer Luviano, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Pathology such as skull fractures can be misdiagnosed in the presence of anatomical variations. One variant that has had little description in the literature are the sutural bones associated with the nasal bones. Herein, we describe a case of a rare sutural bone at the nasion, between the bones of the right nasal, frontal, and maxillary frontal process. To our knowledge, this is the first report of such a variant bone in this location, and such it should be considered by clinicians when evaluating patients for pathology in this region...
June 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694239/assessing-suicide-risk-and-emotional-distress-in-chinese-social-media-a-text-mining-and-machine-learning-study
#19
Qijin Cheng, Tim Mh Li, Chi-Leung Kwok, Tingshao Zhu, Paul Sf Yip
BACKGROUND: Early identification and intervention are imperative for suicide prevention. However, at-risk people often neither seek help nor take professional assessment. A tool to automatically assess their risk levels in natural settings can increase the opportunity for early intervention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore whether computerized language analysis methods can be utilized to assess one's suicide risk and emotional distress in Chinese social media...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693921/effects-of-couple-based-coping-intervention-on-self-efficacy-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-resected-lung-cancer
#20
Hong-Lin Chen, Kun Liu, Qing-Sheng You
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the couple based coping intervention (CBCI) for self-efficacy and quality of life in patients with resected lung cancer, compared with individual coping intervention (ICI). METHODS: From October to December 2015, 132 consecutive patients with resected lung cancer who were married/lived in a stable relationship were randomly assigned to the ICI group and the CBCI group. RESULTS: The CBCI group had higher GSES compared with the ICI group at 2 month after operation, and at 6 month after operation (P<0...
July 7, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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