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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937146/associations-of-aniseikonia-with-metamorphopsia-and-retinal-displacements-after-epiretinal-membrane-surgery
#1
Y Ichikawa, Y Imamura, M Ishida
PurposeTo determine the correlation of the degree of aniseikonia with the retinal displacements and metamorphopsia in patients that have undergone successful epiretinal membrane (ERM) surgery.MethodsSubjects were 28 eyes with an ERM in 28 patients. The New Aniseikonia Test (NAT) and M-CHARTS were used to quantify the degree of preoperative and postoperative aniseikonia and metamorphopsia. We also evaluated the distance between the intersections of 2 sets of retinal vessels situated vertically or horizontally by using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) images in 28 patients...
September 22, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934909/book-review-for-cotton-mh-kobusingye-o-loeffler-ijp-et%C3%A2-al-editors-primary-surgery-volume-one-non-trauma-2nd-ed-available-at-http-global-help-org-editorial
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934807/development-of-report-turnaround-times-in-a-university-department-of-radiology-during-implementation-of-a-reformed-curriculum-for-undergraduate-medical-education
#3
Liane Albrecht, Martin H Maurer, Tim Seithe, Joachim Braun, Richard Gummert, Jonas Auer, Keno Sponheuer, Tobias Philipp Meyl, Bernd Hamm, Maximilian de Bucourt
Purpose The implementation of a reformed curriculum for undergraduate medical education with a problem-oriented focus and more bedside teaching in small groups increases the academic teaching workload. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this increase in teaching duties is associated with an increase in report turnaround times of radiologists or increased unplanned absence during term times compared with term breaks (lecture-free periods) and over the whole period under investigation. Materials and Methods The database of all radiological examinations performed at a large German university hospital was retrospectively analyzed for a two-year period from the winter term 2011/12 to the summer term 2013...
September 21, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934315/usefulness-of-fecal-calprotectin-for-the-early-prediction-of-short-term-outcomes-of-remission-induction-treatments-in-ulcerative-colitis-in-comparison-with-two-item-patient-reported-outcome
#4
Takahiko Toyonaga, Taku Kobayashi, Masaru Nakano, Eiko Saito, Satoko Umeda, Shinji Okabayashi, Ryo Ozaki, Toshifumi Hibi
BACKGROUND: Fecal calprotectin (FC) is well accepted as a non-invasive biomarker which objectively reflects colonic inflammation in ulcerative colitis (UC). However, its value as a marker of response during the early phase of remission induction treatment has not been well studied. The aim of this study is to evaluate the significance of FC for predicting the short-term outcomes of remission induction treatment in patients with UC. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted among 31 patients with active UC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930870/hamstring-myoelectrical-activity-during-three-different-kettlebell-swing-exercises
#5
Michael J Del Monte, David A Opar, Ryan G Timmins, James Ross, Justin Wl Keogh, Christian Lorenzen
Kettlebell exercises have become an increasingly popular form of resistance training and component of lower body rehabilitative training programs; despite a lack of scientific literature illustrating internal mechanisms and effectiveness of these approaches. Participants (n=14) performed three different styles of kettlebell swings (hip hinge, squat and double knee extension) and were assessed for medial hamstrings (MH) and biceps femoris (BF) myoelectrical activity via surface electromyography (sEMG). Bipolar pre-gelled Ag/AgCl surface electromyography (sEMG) electrodes (10mm diameter, 20mm inter-electrode distance) were placed on the participant's dominant limb after correct skin preparation...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930844/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-surgical-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-single-center-analysis-from-mainland-china
#6
Juxiang Gou, Wenjie Cheng, Jianyong Lei, Qian Pan, Wei You, Ming Cai, Huairong Tang, Yali Lei, Zhihui Li, Rixiang Gong, Jinqiang Zhu
Even with a favorable prognosis, the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients remains unclear and conflicting. Thus, in the present study, we compared the HRQoL of PTC patients with that of the general population (GP).The study was performed in our thyroid and parathyroid surgery department, and 186 PTC patients who had undergone thyroidectomy were included. The exclusion criteria were an age < 18 years, no follow-up, and the presence of other malignant neoplasms...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928983/influences-of-27-gauge-vitrectomy-on-corneal-topographic-conditions
#7
Takafumi Hirashima, Takao Utsumi, Miou Hirose, Hideyasu Oh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influences of 27-gauge vitrectomy on corneal topographic conditions. METHOD: Fifty-six eyes of 56 patients undergoing 27-gauge vitrectomy were retrospectively studied. Twenty-three eyes with epiretinal membrane (ERM), 23 eyes with macular hole (MH), and 10 eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) were included. Forty-five of the 56 eyes underwent 27-gauge phacovitrectomy (group 1), and the remaining 11 eyes underwent 27-gauge vitrectomy alone (group 2)...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927615/green-thermal-assisted-synthesis-and-characterization-of-novel-cellulose-mg-oh-2-nanocomposite-in-peg-naoh-solvent
#8
Nikolai Ponomarev, Eveliina Repo, Varsha Srivastava, Mika Sillanpää
Synthesis of nanocomposites was performed using microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), MgCl2 in PEG/NaOH solvent by a thermal-assisted method at different temperatures by varying time and the amount of MCC. Results of XRD, FTIR, and EDS mapping showed that the materials consisted of only cellulose (CL) and magnesium hydroxide (MH). According to FTIR and XRD, it was found that crystallinity of MH in cellulose nanocomposites is increased with temperature and heating time and decreased with increasing of cellulose amount...
November 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926404/metabolic-health-across-the-body-mass-index-spectrum-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-men
#9
Jordan E Lake, Xiuhong Li, Frank J Palella, Kristine M Erlandson, Dorothy Wiley, Lawrence Kingsley, Lisa P Jacobson, Todd T Brown
OBJECTIVES: In the general population, metabolic health (MH) often declines as body mass index (BMI) increases. However, some obese individuals maintain MH. HIV and antiretroviral therapy (ART) have been associated with metabolic disturbances. We hypothesized that HIV-infected (HIV+) men on suppressive ART experience less MH than HIV-uninfected (HIV-) men across all BMI categories. DESIGN/METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis of 1018 HIV+ and 1092 HIV- men enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study, Poisson regression with robust variance determined associations between HIV serostatus and MH prevalence (defined as meeting 2 of 5 NCEP/ATP III metabolic syndrome criteria), adjusting for age, race, BMI category, smoking and hepatitis C virus infection status...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924916/erratum-to-microvascular-effects-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-in-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Ilaria Dicembrini, Besmir Nreu, Alessia Scatena, Francesco Andreozzi, Giorgio Sesti, Edoardo Mannucci, Matteo Monami
In the manuscript, the events of nephropathy and retinopathy recorded for the LEADER trial (Marso et al. 2016) were erroneously imputed; the numbers reported in Table 1 for that trial refer to serious adverse events, and not to total events, as stated in Methods. The correct figures are 268 and 416 cases of nephropathy, and 106 and 92 cases of retinopathy in liraglutide and control arms, respectively. As a consequence, the overall risk (MH-OR [95% CI]) of nephropathy and retinopathy with GLP-1RA (vs all comparators) is 0...
September 19, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924200/controllable-moderate-heating-enhances-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-irreversible-electroporation-for-pancreatic-cancer
#11
Chelsea M Edelblute, James Hornef, Niculina I Burcus, Thomas Norman, Stephen J Beebe, Karl Schoenbach, Richard Heller, Chunqi Jiang, Siqi Guo
Irreversible electroporation (IRE) as a non-thermal tumor ablation technology has been studied for the treatment of pancreatic carcinoma and has shown a significant survival benefit. We discovered that moderate heating (MH) at 43 °C for 1-2 minutes significantly enhanced ex vivo IRE tumor ablation of Pan02 cells by 5.67-fold at 750 V/cm and by 1.67-fold at 1500 V/cm. This amount of heating alone did not cause cell death. An integrated IRE system with controllable laser heating and tumor impedance monitoring was developed to treat mouse ectopic pancreatic cancer...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922985/delayed-development-of-malignant-hyperthermia-following-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#12
Stephen Hall Sams, Stephen Revilla, David Lawrence Stahl
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare but potentially life-threatening disorder encountered during general anesthesia. The use of cardiopulmonary bypass during cardiac surgery can obscure many of the cardinal signs and symptoms of MH. The development of postoperative MH following cardiac surgery is rare, but anesthesiologists and intensivists must maintain a high index of suspicion in order to make a prompt diagnosis. Initiation and tailored maintenance of MH therapy must also consider the complex physiologic changes of patients in the immediate post-cardiac surgery period...
September 1, 2017: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922435/effectiveness-and-safety-of-golimumab-in-treating-outpatient-ulcerative-colitis-a-real-life-prospective-multicentre-observational-study-in-primary-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-centers
#13
Antonio Tursi, Leonardo Allegretta, Nello Buccianti, Nicola Della Valle, Walter Elisei, Giacomo Forti, Roberto Faggiani, Sara Gallina, Yusef Hadad, Tiziana Larussa, Angelo Lauria, Francesco Luzza, Roberto Lorenzetti, Giammarco Mocci, Antonio Penna, Natale Polimeni, Giuseppe Pranzo, Cristina Ricciardelli, Costantino Zampaletta, Marcello Picchio
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Golimumab (GOL) has been recently approved in Italy for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) unresponsive to standard treatments. Our aims were to assess the real-life efficacy and safety of GOL in managing UC outpatients in Italian primary Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) centres. METHODS: Consecutive UC outpatients with at least 3-months follow-up were enrolled. Primary end-point was the induction and maintenance of remission in UC, defined as Mayo score </=2, at 6-month follow-up...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920830/reclassification-of-thiomicrospira-hydrogeniphila-watsuji-et-al-2016-to-thiomicrorhabdus-hydrogenophila-comb-nov-with-emended-description-of-thiomicrorhabdus-boden-et-al-2017
#14
Rich Boden, Kathleen M Scott, Alexander W Rae, Lee P Hutt
The genus Thiomicrorhabdus (Tmr) in the Piskirickettsiaceae in the Thiotrichales of the Gammaproteobacteria contains four species of sulfur-oxidising obligate chemolithoautotroph with validly published names, all previously classified as Thiomicrospira (Tms) species. Here we demonstrate that Thiomicrospira hydrogeniphila, a recently published hydrogen-utilising chemolithoautotroph closely related to Thiomicrorhabdus frisia (type species of Thiomicrorhabdus) should be classified as a member of the genus Thiomicrorhabdus and not Thiomicrospira, as Thiomicrorhabdus hydrogeniphila comb...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919495/physical-exercise-and-cognitive-function-across-the-life-span-results-of-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#15
Beate Gaertner, Amanda K Buttery, Jonas D Finger, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Michael Wagner, Markus A Busch
OBJECTIVES: To examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between physical exercise and cognitive function across different age groups in a nationwide population-based sample of adults aged 18-79 years in Germany. DESIGN: Cross-sectional/prospective. METHODS: Cognitive function was assessed in the mental health module of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1-MH, 2009-2012, n=3535), using a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918133/short-communication-short-term-intravenous-amino-acid-infusions-as-a-method-to-detect-limiting-amino-acids-in-dairy-cattle-diets
#16
Roni Yair, Michael S Allen
We hypothesized that the addition of limiting AA increases dry matter intake (DMI) by reducing anaplerosis and hepatic oxidation. Accordingly, the objective of this work was to examine the effects of short-term intravenous infusions of Met, Lys, and His (which are considered the most limiting AA) on DMI as a method to detect whether specific AA are limiting in dairy cow diets. We conducted 4 experiments using Holstein cows in the immediate postpartum period to address this objective. The first experiment used 4 cows 6 to 10 d postpartum (PP) in a 4 × 4 Latin square design with 1-d periods including 12 h for infusions and 12 h for recovery...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914487/illness-perceptions-explain-the-variance-in-functional-disability-but-not-habitual-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Marijke Leysen, Jo Nijs, Paul Van Wilgen, Filip Struyf, Mira Meeus, Erik Fransen, Christophe Demoulin, Rob Smeets, Nathalie A Roussel
INTRODUCTION: Although the importance of psychosocial factors has been highlighted in many studies in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), there is a lack of research examining the role of illness perceptions in explaining functional disability and physical activity in patients with CLBP. AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the value of illness perceptions in explaining functional disability and physical activity in patients with CLBP. METHODS: Eighty-four participants with CLBP (> 3 months) completed a battery of questionnaires investigating psychosocial factors (pain catastrophizing scale (PCS), illness perceptions questionnaire revised (IPQ-R) and SF-36 mental health scale (SF-36_MH)) as well as the perceived pain intensity (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Baecke questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905839/postvitrectomy-macular-hole-undergoing-delayed-closure-after-28-months
#18
Rutul Patel, Mahesh Gopalakrishnan, Bindu Rajesh, Anantharaman Giridhar
Case report of a 70-year-old male who developed full thickness macular hole (MH) following vitrectomy for vitreomacular traction syndrome. The further intervention was deferred due to the unwillingness of the patient for the second surgery. Periodic follow up of the patient, revealed improvement in visual acuity with the closure of the MH after 28 months.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902904/assessing-coastal-wetland-vulnerability-to-sea-level-rise-along-the-northern-gulf-of-mexico-coast-gaps-and-opportunities-for-developing-a-coordinated-regional-sampling-network
#19
Michael J Osland, Kereen T Griffith, Jack C Larriviere, Laura C Feher, Donald R Cahoon, Nicholas M Enwright, David A Oster, John M Tirpak, Mark S Woodrey, Renee C Collini, Joseph J Baustian, Joshua L Breithaupt, Julia A Cherry, Jeremy R Conrad, Nicole Cormier, Carlos A Coronado-Molina, Joseph F Donoghue, Sean A Graham, Jennifer W Harper, Mark W Hester, Rebecca J Howard, Ken W Krauss, Daniel E Kroes, Robert R Lane, Karen L McKee, Irving A Mendelssohn, Beth A Middleton, Jena A Moon, Sarai C Piazza, Nicole M Rankin, Fred H Sklar, Greg D Steyer, Kathleen M Swanson, Christopher M Swarzenski, William C Vervaeke, Jonathan M Willis, K Van Wilson
Coastal wetland responses to sea-level rise are greatly influenced by biogeomorphic processes that affect wetland surface elevation. Small changes in elevation relative to sea level can lead to comparatively large changes in ecosystem structure, function, and stability. The surface elevation table-marker horizon (SET-MH) approach is being used globally to quantify the relative contributions of processes affecting wetland elevation change. Historically, SET-MH measurements have been obtained at local scales to address site-specific research questions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899590/an-investigation-of-co-combustion-municipal-sewage-sludge-with-biomass-in-a-20kw-bfb-combustor-under-air-fired-and-oxygen-enriched-condition
#20
Rajesh Kumar, Ravi Inder Singh
The behavior of municipal sewage sludge (MSS) with biomass (Guar stalks (GS), Mustard Husk (MH), Prosopis Juliflora Wood (PJW)) has been investigated in a 20kW bubbling fluidized bed (BFB) combustor under both air-fired (A-F) and oxygen-enriched (O-E) conditions. The work presented is divided into three parts, first part cover the thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), second part cover the experimental investigation of BFB combustor, and third part covers the ash analysis. TGA was performed with a ratio of 50%MSS/50%biomass (GS, MH, PJW) and results show that 50%MSS/50%GS has highest combustion characteristic factor (CCF)...
September 9, 2017: Waste Management
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