keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Autism AND adult

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449954/metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-5-tracer-18-f-fpeb-displays-increased-binding-potential-in-postcentral-gyrus-and-cerebellum-of-male-individuals-with-autism-a-pilot-pet-study
#1
S Hossein Fatemi, Dean F Wong, James R Brašić, Hiroto Kuwabara, Anil Mathur, Timothy D Folsom, Suma Jacob, George M Realmuto, José V Pardo, Susanne Lee
Background: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is first manifested during early childhood. Postmortem experiments have identified significantly elevated expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) in cerebellar vermis and prefrontal cortex of individuals with autism. Methods: In the current study we employed the mGluR5 tracer [ 18 F]-3-fluoro-5-[(pyridin-3-yl)ethynyl]benzonitrile ([ 18 F]-FPEB) to quantify mGluR5 binding in vivo in adults with autism vs...
2018: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447619/autism-spectrum-disorder-traits-in-typically-developing-emerging-adults-and-associated-parenting-a-person-centered-approach
#2
Cliff McKinney, Daniel L Gadke, Mallory L Malkin
Research on parenting children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) indicates these children receive parenting tailored to their condition. However, little is known about ASD in adulthood, especially in emerging adults at college, and how they are parented. The current study examined how emerging adults in a non-clinical typically-developing sample differed in their current perceptions of parenting as a function of ASD traits. Participants completed questionnaires about their current perceptions of parenting and self-reported ASD traits...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446093/effects-of-neutral-and-enthusiastic-praise-on-the-rate-of-discrimination-acquisition
#3
Jennifer R Weyman, Jolene R Sy
Previous research has shown that praise is an effective reinforcer; however, few researchers have evaluated whether qualitative differences in praise affect responding. The purpose of the current study was to compare the effects of neutral, enthusiastic, and no praise on the rate of matching-to-sample acquisition during discrete-trial training with adults diagnosed with autism and an intellectual disability. In addition, we evaluated preference for neutral, enthusiastic, and no praise. All three participants acquired responses slightly faster during the enthusiastic praise condition...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445122/deep-phenotyping-of-speech-and-language-skills-in-individuals-with-16p11-2-deletion
#4
Cristina Mei, Evelina Fedorenko, David J Amor, Amber Boys, Caitlyn Hoeflin, Peter Carew, Trent Burgess, Simon E Fisher, Angela T Morgan
Recurrent deletions of a ~600-kb region of 16p11.2 have been associated with a highly penetrant form of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Yet prior findings have been based on a small, potentially biased sample using retrospectively collected data. We examine the prevalence of CAS in a larger cohort of individuals with 16p11.2 deletion using a prospectively designed assessment battery. The broader speech and language phenotype associated with carrying this deletion was also examined. 55 participants with 16p11...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439664/heart-rate-defined-sustained-attention-in-infants-at-risk-for-autism
#5
Bridgette L Tonnsen, John E Richards, Jane E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Although aberrant visual attention has been identified in infants at high familial risk for autism, the developmental emergence of atypical attention remains unclear. Integrating biological measures of attention into prospective high-risk infant studies may inform more nuanced developmental trajectories, clarifying the onset and course of atypical attention and potentially advancing early screening or treatment protocols. Heart rate-defined sustained attention (HRDSA) is a well-validated biological measure of attentional engagement that, in non-clinical infant populations, provides incremental information about attentional engagement beyond looking behaviors alone...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439586/pulling-back-the-curtain-issues-in-conducting-an-intervention-study-with-transition-aged-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-their-families
#6
Meghan M Burke, Sydney N Waitz-Kudla, Carol Rabideau, Julie Lounds Taylor, Robert M Hodapp
The transition from high school to adulthood is difficult for youth with autism spectrum disorder and their families. Recognizing these challenges, there is a small but emerging body of literature testing interventions to improve the transition process. But there are many challenges in performing intervention research that have yet to be fully addressed. We discuss issues that should be considered when conducting interventions with individuals with autism spectrum disorder to improve the transition to adulthood, drawing from our study of a parent training to facilitate access to adult services during the transition years...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439585/psychometric-properties-of-questionnaires-and-diagnostic-measures-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#7
Sarah Wigham, Jacqui Rodgers, Tom Berney, Ann Le Couteur, Barry Ingham, Jeremy R Parr
Accurately diagnosing autism spectrum disorders in adulthood can be challenging. Structured questionnaires and diagnostic measures are frequently used to assist case recognition and diagnosis. This study reviewed research evidence on structured questionnaires and diagnostic measures published since the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence evidence update. The Cochrane library, Medline, Embase and PsycINFO were searched. In all, 20 studies met inclusion criteria. Sensitivity and specificity of structured questionnaires were best for individuals with previously confirmed autism spectrum disorder diagnoses and reduced in participants referred for diagnostic assessments, with discrimination of autism spectrum disorder from mental health conditions especially limited...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430944/social-partner-gaze-direction-and-conversational-phase-factors-affecting-social-attention-during-face-to-face-conversations-in-autistic-adults
#8
Megan Freeth, Patricia Bugembe
Social attention is atypical in autism. However, the majority of evidence for this claim comes from studies where the social partner is not physically present and the participants are children. Consequently, to ensure acquisition of a comprehensive overview of social attention in autism, systematic analysis of factors known to influence face-to-face social attention in neurotypicals is necessary and evidence from adulthood is required. This study assessed the influence of experimenter gaze direction (direct or averted) and conversational phase (speaking or listening) on social attention during a face-to-face conversation...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428363/psychometric-properties-of-the-inico-feaps-scale-in-a-danish-sample-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Ane Knüppel, Helle Jakobsen, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen, Gry Kjærsdam Telléus
BACKGROUND: There is a need to evaluate subjective perspectives of outcomes, such as quality of life (QoL), in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but to date, there is no specific instrument available to assess this population. While the INICO-FEAPS scale is customized for studying QoL in adolescents and adults with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities, this scale has not been previously evaluated in an ASD population. AIMS: To examine the usability of the INICO-FEAPS scale in a Danish population of adolescents and adults with ASD...
February 8, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427546/special-interests-and-subjective-wellbeing-in-autistic-adults
#10
Rachel Grove, Rosa A Hoekstra, Marlies Wierda, Sander Begeer
Special interests form part of the core features of autism. However, to date there has been limited research focusing on the role of special interests in the lives of autistic adults. This study surveyed autistic adults on their special interest topics, intensity, and motivation. It also assessed the relationship between special interests and a range of quality of life measures including subjective wellbeing and domain specific life satisfaction. About two thirds of the sample reported having a special interest, with relatively more males reporting a special interest than females...
February 10, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427119/the-co-occurrence-of-gender-dysphoria-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-adults-an-analysis-of-cross-sectional-and-clinical-chart-data
#11
Gunter Heylens, Lore Aspeslagh, Jesper Dierickx, Kariann Baetens, Birgit Van Hoorde, Griet De Cuypere, Els Elaut
Quantitative studies indicate an overrepresentation of ASD in individuals with GD. This study aims to determine the prevalence of autistic traits or ASD in adults with GD using two different data collection methods: (1) cross-sectional data using the social responsiveness scale-adults (SRS-A) and the autism quotient (AQ) (n = 63). (2) Clinical chart data (n = 532). Mean SRS-A scores were significantly higher compared to a norm population. Almost 5% of the patients with GD scored above the cut-off as measured by the AQ...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419758/sensitivity-to-social-contingency-in-adults-with-high-functioning-autism-during-computer-mediated-embodied-interaction
#12
Leonardo Zapata-Fonseca, Tom Froese, Leonhard Schilbach, Kai Vogeley, Bert Timmermans
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) can be understood as a social interaction disorder. This makes the emerging "second-person approach" to social cognition a more promising framework for studying ASD than classical approaches focusing on mindreading capacities in detached, observer-based arrangements. According to the second-person approach, embodied, perceptual, and embedded or interactive capabilities are also required for understanding others, and these are hypothesized to be compromised in ASD. We therefore recorded the dynamics of real-time sensorimotor interaction in pairs of control participants and participants with High-Functioning Autism (HFA), using the minimalistic human-computer interface paradigm known as "perceptual crossing" (PC)...
February 8, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417437/brief-report-adults-with-autism-are-less-accurate-at-predicting-how-their-personality-traits-are-evaluated-by-unfamiliar-observers
#13
Noah J Sasson, Kerrianne E Morrison, Amy E Pinkham, Daniel J Faso, Michael Chmielewski
Social cognitive impairments in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are well-documented, yet little research has examined whether ASD is also characterized by difficulties in meta-perception, or the ability to gauge how one is perceived. In this study, ASD and TD adults (N = 22) largely did not differ on the self-perception of their personality traits or on how they expected to be perceived by unfamiliar observers. However adults with ASD were rated less favorably by TD observers (N = 412) on 19 out of 20 personality items, and adults with ASD were less accurate at predicting how they would be perceived...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416845/ehmt1-mosaicism-in-apparently-unaffected-parents-is-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-neurocognitive-dysfunction
#14
Anneke de Boer, Karlijn Vermeulen, Jos I M Egger, Joost G E Janzing, Nicole de Leeuw, Hermine E Veenstra-Knol, Nicolette S den Hollander, Hans van Bokhoven, Wouter Staal, Tjitske Kleefstra
Background: Genetic mosaicism is only detected occasionally when there are no obvious health or developmental issues. Most cases concern healthy parents in whom mosaicism is identified upon targeted testing of a genetic defect that was initially detected in their children. A germline genetic defect affecting the euchromatin histone methyltransferase 1 (EHMT1) gene causes Kleefstra syndrome, which is associated with the typical triad of distinct facial appearance, (childhood) hypotonia, and intellectual disability...
2018: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415558/-something-needs-to-change-mental-health-experiences-of-young-autistic-adults-in-england
#15
Laura Crane, Fern Adams, Georgia Harper, Jack Welch, Elizabeth Pellicano
There is a high incidence and prevalence of mental health problems among young people, with several barriers to help-seeking noted in this group. High rates of mental health problems have also been reported in children and adults on the autism spectrum. Taken together, young autistic people may be a particularly vulnerable group when it comes to mental health. Yet, there has been remarkably little work on the mental health needs and experiences of young autistic adults (16-25 years). Adopting a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach - in which academic researchers and young autistic adults collaborated in an equitable research partnership - we explored young autistic people's experiences of mental health problems and their perspectives on the support they sought, if any, for these problems...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414026/bdnf-levels-are-associated-with-autistic-traits-in-the-general-population
#16
Natascia Brondino, Laura Fusar-Poli, Matteo Rocchetti, Federico Bertoglio, Nora Bloise, Livia Visai, Pierluigi Politi
Evidence supports the notion that autistic symptoms and behaviors should be regarded as dimensional traits. The present study aimed to investigate the role of vasopressin (AVP), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and oxytocin (OXT) as potential biochemical correlates of subclinical autistic traits in a cohort of healthy young adults. One hundred and fifty-three subjects (80 males, 73 females) were recruited. Participants completed the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ), a widely used measure for the identification of autistic traits in the general population...
January 9, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411333/a-review-of-childhood-behavioral-problems-and-disorders-in-the-development-of-obesity-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-beyond
#17
REVIEW
Brittany E Matheson, Dawn M Eichen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Given the high rates of pediatric and adult obesity, it is imperative to identify early risk factors that might contribute to excess weight gain. This review aims to investigate the relationship between childhood behavioral problems with the development and persistence of obesity. Specifically, this review highlights the association of obesity with (1) neurocognitive constructs, such as executive functioning and inhibition/impulsivity, and (2) disorders commonly diagnosed in childhood, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
February 6, 2018: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410608/toward-a-neuroscience-of-adult-cognitive-developmental-theory
#18
Fady Girgis, Darrin J Lee, Amir Goodarzi, Jochen Ditterich
Piaget's genetic epistemology has provided the constructivist approach upon which child developmental theories were founded, in that infants are thought to progress through distinct cognitive stages until they reach maturity in their early 20's. However, it is now well established that cognition continues to develop after early adulthood, and several "neo-Piagetian" theories have emerged in an attempt to better characterize adult cognitive development. For example, Kegan's Constructive Developmental Theory (CDT) argues that the thought processes used by adults to construct their reality change over time, and reaching higher stages of cognitive development entails becoming objectively aware of emotions and beliefs that were previously in the realm of the subconscious...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405653/spatial-navigation-from-same-and-different-directions-the-role-of-executive-functions-memory-and-attention-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Melanie Ring, Sebastian B Gaigg, Olivier de Condappa, Jan M Wiener, Dermot M Bowler
To resolve some of the inconsistencies in existing research into spatial navigation in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we tested two large age- and ability-matched groups of ASD and typically developing (TD) participants for their spatial navigation abilities in a route learning task, which has been shown to shed light on the strategies participants employ when navigating complex environments. Participants studied a route through a virtual maze by watching a short video of a first-person perspective navigating a maze...
February 5, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400605/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-virtual-reality-and-video-modelling-as-an-intervention-strategy-for-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-brief-report
#20
Emily Fitzgerald, Hui Kee Yap, Charlotte Ashton, Dennis W Moore, Brett Furlonger, Angelika Anderson, Richard Kickbush, James Donald, Margherita Busacca, Derek L English
The increasing numbers of individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has foreshadowed a greater need for effective intervention procedures to aid learning. PURPOSE: This study compared the effectiveness of video modelling (VM) and virtual reality (VR) for teaching adults with ASD. METHODS: Using an alternating treatments design without baseline two participants completed paper folding projects of varying difficulty following exposure to either VM or VR task modelling...
February 5, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
keyword
keyword
6260
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"