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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893262/reducing-barriers-to-mental-health-care-for-student-athletes-an-integrated-care-model
#1
Laura E Sudano, Greg Collins, Christopher M Miles
Research suggests that National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I student-athletes have higher levels of stress and other behavioral health issues, including substance use, than nonathletes. For several reasons, student-athletes may be less likely to admit to behavioral health issues and seek mental health care. Integrated care is a model of care that integrates behavioral health into a medical practice. This article explores the newly released NCAA Best Mental Health Practice guidelines and the application of integrated care to a Division I athletic training room setting using the three-worldview framework for successful integration, incorporating clinical outcomes, operational reliability, and financial stability...
November 28, 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879169/goal-orientation-and-well-being-in-college-athletes-the-importance-of-athletic-social-connectedness
#2
Heidi A Wayment, Andrew Schrack Walters
The present study examined the ability of an interpersonal construct called athletic connectedness to mediate the relationship between task and ego goal orientations and well-being. We operationalised athletic social connectedness as a sense of social belonging and sense of connection with teammates. We hypothesised that athletic social connectedness would be positively associated with task goals, negatively associated with ego goals, and would at least partially mediate the relationship between achievement goals and well-being...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873542/a-6-year-surveillance-study-of-stingers-in-ncaa-american-football
#3
James Green, Scott L Zuckerman, Sara L Dalton, Aristarque Djoko, Dustin Folger, Zachary Y Kerr
This study describes the epidemiology of "stinger" injuries in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Men's Football. About 57 NCAA Men's Football programmes provided 153 team-seasons of injury data to the NCAA Injury Surveillance Programme (NCAA-ISP) during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years. In the study period, 229 "stingers" were reported for an injury rate of 2.04/10,000 athlete-exposures (AE). Most "stingers" were reported during competitions (55.5%) and the preseason (80.3%) and resulted in time loss less than 24 hours (63...
November 22, 2016: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805363/nitrilase-activatable-noncanonical-amino-acid-precursors-for-cell-selective-metabolic-labeling-of-proteomes
#4
Zefan Li, Yuntao Zhu, Yuting Sun, Ke Qin, Weibing Liu, Wen Zhou, Xing Chen
Cell-selective protein metabolic labeling is of great interest for studying cell-cell communications and tissue homeostasis. We herein describe a nitrilase-activatable noncanonical amino acid tagging (NANCAT) strategy that exploits an exogenous nitrilase to enzymatically convert the nitrile-substituted precursors to their corresponding noncanonical amino acids (ncAAs), l-azidohomoalanine (Aha) or homopropargylglycine (Hpg), in living cells. Only cells expressing the nitrilase can generate Aha or Hpg in cellulo and metabolically incorporate them into the nascent proteins...
November 2, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804198/debugging-eukaryotic-genetic-code-expansion-for-site-specific-click-paint-super-resolution-microscopy
#5
Ivana Nikić, Gemma Estrada Girona, Jun Hee Kang, Giulia Paci, Sofya Mikhaleva, Christine Koehler, Nataliia V Shymanska, Camilla Ventura Santos, Daniel Spitz, Edward A Lemke
Super-resolution microscopy (SRM) greatly benefits from the ability to install small photostable fluorescent labels into proteins. Genetic code expansion (GCE) technology addresses this demand, allowing the introduction of small labeling sites, in the form of uniquely reactive noncanonical amino acids (ncAAs), at any residue in a target protein. However, low incorporation efficiency of ncAAs and high background fluorescence limit its current SRM applications. Redirecting the subcellular localization of the pyrrolysine-based GCE system for click chemistry, combined with DNA-PAINT microscopy, enables the visualization of even low-abundance proteins inside mammalian cells...
November 2, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802962/incidence-and-epidemiology-of-foot-and-ankle-injuries-in-elite-collegiate-athletes
#6
Kenneth J Hunt, Daniel Hurwit, Kevin Robell, Corey Gatewood, Itamar B Botser, Gordon Matheson
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle injuries are increasing in competitive professional and collegiate athletics. Many of these injuries result in considerable missed time from sports and often require surgical intervention. To develop and implement effective practice participation strategies, return-to-play protocols, and injury prevention programs, an understanding of injury trends and epidemiology is vital. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of foot and ankle injuries in elite athletes participating in 37 sports at a single National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) Division 1 institution...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787466/relationship-between-running-performance-and-recovery-stress-state-in-collegiate-soccer-players
#7
Nicholas A Coker, Klarie M Ake, David L Griffin, Stephen J Rossi, Jim L McMillan, Adam J Wells
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between changes in running performance and the stress-recovery state in collegiate soccer players. Running performance was evaluated in seven Division I NCAA male soccer players (179.39±5.24 cm; 75.46±5.98 kg; 20.37±1.41 yrs.) via global positioning system over the course of 12 competitive games in a single season. The regular season was divided into four competitive blocks: B1 (n=3), B2 (n=3), B3 (n=3) and B4 (n=3). Total distance and distance covered while engaging in walking, jogging, low-speed running, high-speed running, sprinting, low-intensity running and high-intensity running were assessed during each block...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783132/orthogonal-protein-translation-using-pyrrolysyl-trna-synthetases-for-single-and-multiple-noncanonical-amino-acid-mutagenesis
#8
Tobias Baumann, Matthias Exner, Nediljko Budisa
To date, the two systems most extensively used for noncanonical amino acid (ncAA) incorporation via orthogonal translation are based on the Methanococcus jannaschii TyrRS/tRNA CUA(Tyr) and the Methanosarcina barkeri/Methanosarcina mazei PylRS/tRNA CUA(Pyl) pairs. Here, we summarize the development and usage of the pyrrolysine-based system for orthogonal translation, a process that allows for the recombinant production of site-specifically labeled proteins and peptides. Via stop codon suppression in Escherichia coli and mammalian cells, genetically encoded biomolecules can be equipped with a great diversity of chemical functionalities including click chemistry handles, post-translational modifications, and photocaged sidechains...
October 26, 2016: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780874/data-mining-in-the-exploration-of-stressors-among-ncaa-student-athletes
#9
Seunghyun Hwang, Youngjun Choi
Collegiate student athletes face psychological stressors in adjusting to campus life. This study used preexisting, nationally representative data administered by the National Collegiate Athletic Association for student athletes in 2010 to explore the conjunctive relationships among demographics, personal characteristics, social contexts, and physical condition in predicting perceived stress. The number of valid samples was 19,967 from 609 member institutions. A data mining methodology (i.e., SEARCH) was applied to model the distribution of the perceived stress...
December 2016: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755011/mri-evidence-of-neuropathic-changes-in-former-college-football-players
#10
Caleb M Adler, Melissa P DelBello, Wade Weber, Miranda Williams, Luis Rodrigo Patino Duran, David Fleck, Erin Boespflug, James Eliassen, Stephen M Strakowski, Jon Divine
OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of participating in collegiate football on neural health several years after retirement. We hypothesized that relative cortical thinning and loss of white matter integrity would be observed in former players. DESIGN: Former NCAA Division I football players were compared with demographically similar track-and-field athletes with regard to cortical thickness and white matter integrity. SETTING: Participants participated in MRI scans at the Center for Imaging Research at the University of Cincinnati...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737288/historical-patterns-and-variation-in-treatment-of-injuries-in-nfl-national-football-league-players-and-ncaa-national-collegiate-athletic-association-division-i-football-players
#11
Eric C McCarty, Matthew J Kraeutler, Paula Langner, Shane Cook, Byron Ellis, Jenna M Godfrey
We conducted a study to identify and contrast patterns in the treatment of common injuries that occur in National Football League (NFL) players and National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football players. Orthopedic team physicians for all 32 NFL and 119 NCAA Division I football teams were asked to complete a survey regarding demographics and preferred treatment of a variety of injuries encountered in football players. Responses were received from 31 (97%) of the 32 NFL and 111 (93%) of the 119 NCAA team physicians...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706548/continued-sex-differences-in-the-rate-and-severity-of-knee-injuries-among-collegiate-soccer-players-the-ncaa-injury-surveillance-system-2004-2009
#12
D Fulstone, A Chandran, M Barron, L DiPietro
We extend previous analyses and examined sex-differences in the rate and severity of knee injuries among collegiate soccer players between 2004 and 2009. Data from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System (NCAA ISS) were used to calculate injury incidence density (ID) per 1 000 athletic exposures (AE). Multivariable regression modeling then tested the relation between sex and knee injury incidence and severity among all injured soccer players, while controlling for contact, setting, and division level, as well as for the interactions among these variables...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705063/a-comparison-of-body-segment-inertial-parameter-estimation-methods-and-joint-moment-and-power-calculations-during-a-drop-vertical-jump-in-collegiate-female-soccer-players
#13
Sara L Arena, Kelsey McLaughlin, Anh-Dung Nguyen, James M Smoliga, Kevin R Ford
Athletic individuals may differ in body segment inertial parameter (BSIP) estimates due to differences in body composition, and this may influence calculation of joint kinetics. The purposes of this study were to 1) compare BSIPs predicted by the method introduced by de Leva(1) with DXA-derived BSIPs in collegiate female soccer players, and 2) examine the effects of these BSIPs estimation methods on joint moment and power calculations during a drop vertical jump (DVJ). Twenty female NCAA Division 1 soccer players were recruited...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669194/vertical-and-horizontal-impact-force-comparison-during-jump-landings-with-and-without-rotation-in-ncaa-division-1-male-soccer-players
#14
John R Harry, Leland A Barker, John A Mercer, Janet S Dufek
There is a wealth of research on impact force characteristics when landing from a jump. However, there are no data on impact forces during landing from a jump with an airborne rotation about the vertical axis. We examined impact force parameters in the vertical and horizontal axes during vertical jump (VJ) landings and vertical jump landings with a 180-degree rotation (VJR). Twenty-four Division 1 male soccer players performed three VJ and VJR landings on a dual-force platform system. Paired-samples t-tests (α=0...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669182/mechanical-demands-of-the-hang-power-clean-and-jump-shrug-a-joint-level-perspective
#15
Kristof Kipp, Philip J Malloy, Jordan Smith, Matthew D Giordanelli, Michael T Kiely, Christopher F Geiser, Timothy J Suchomel
The purpose of this study was to investigate the joint- and load-dependent changes in the mechanical demands of the lower extremity joints during the hang power clean (HPC) and the jump shrug (JS). Fifteen male lacrosse players were recruited from an NCAA DI team, and completed three sets of the HPC and JS at 30%, 50%, and 70% of their HPC 1-Repetition Maximum (1-RM HPC) in a counterbalanced and randomized order. Motion analysis and force plate technology were used to calculate the positive work, propulsive phase duration, and peak concentric power at the hip, knee, and ankle joints...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665043/association-of-lower-quarter-y-balance-test-with-lower-extremity-injury-in-ncaa-division-1-athletes-an-independent-validation-study
#16
Alexis A Wright, Steven L Dischiavi, James M Smoliga, Jeffrey B Taylor, Eric J Hegedus
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the Lower Quarter Y-Balance Test (LQYBT) is predictive of lower extremity injury in NCAA Division 1 athletes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort, therapy. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred eighty-nine NCAA Division 1 athletes participated in the study and underwent a preparticipation screen that included the LQYBT. Maximal reach distances were recorded in each direction and normalized to leg length. A composite score was calculated by summing the three normalized reach distances and dividing by three times leg length...
June 25, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635412/epidemiology-of-football-injuries-in-the-national-collegiate-athletic-association-2004-2005-to-2008-2009
#17
Zachary Y Kerr, Janet E Simon, Dustin R Grooms, Karen G Roos, Randy P Cohen, Thomas P Dompier
BACKGROUND: Research has found that injury rates in football are higher in competition than during practice. However, there is little research on the association between injury rates and type of football practices and how these specific rates compare with those in competitions. PURPOSE: This study utilized data from the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System (NCAA ISS) to describe men's collegiate football practice injuries (academic years 2004-2005 to 2008-2009) in 4 event types: competitions, scrimmages, regular practices, and walkthroughs...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634138/towards-biocontained-cell-factories-an-evolutionarily-adapted-escherichia-coli-strain-produces-a-new-to-nature-bioactive-lantibiotic-containing-thienopyrrole-alanine
#18
Anja Kuthning, Patrick Durkin, Stefan Oehm, Michael G Hoesl, Nediljko Budisa, Roderich D Süssmuth
Genetic code engineering that enables reassignment of genetic codons to non-canonical amino acids (ncAAs) is a powerful strategy for enhancing ribosomally synthesized peptides and proteins with functions not commonly found in Nature. Here we report the expression of a ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP), the 32-mer lantibiotic lichenicidin with a canonical tryptophan (Trp) residue replaced by the ncAA L-β-(thieno[3,2-b]pyrrolyl)alanine ([3,2]Tpa) which does not sustain cell growth in the culture...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632873/the-impact-of-injury-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-collegiate-athletes
#19
Megan N Houston, Johanna M Hoch, Bonnie L Van Lunen, Matthew C Hoch
CONTEXT: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a broad term for the impact of injury or illness on physical, psychological, and social health dimensions. Injury has been associated with decreased HRQOL in athletes. However, the influence of injury history, participation status, time since last injury, and injury severity on HRQOL remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare HRQOL in collegiate athletes based on injury history, participation status, time since last injury, and injury severity and to examine relationships between HRQOL outcomes...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632871/assessment-and-training-of-visuomotor-reaction-time-for-football-injury-prevention
#20
Gary B Wilkerson, Kevin A Simpson, Ryan A Clark
CONTEXT: Neurocognitive reaction time has been associated with musculoskeletal injury risk, but visuomotor reaction time (VMRT) derived from tests that present greater challenges to visual stimulus detection and motor response execution may have a stronger association. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess VMRT as a predictor of injury and the extent to which improvement may result from VMRT training. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: University athletic performance center...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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