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Achraf Ammar, Mouna Turki, Hamdi Chtourou, Omar Hammouda, Khaled Trabelsi, Choumous Kallel, Osama Abdelkarim, Anita Hoekelmann, Mohamed Bouaziz, Fatma Ayadi, Tarak Driss, Nizar Souissi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of natural Pomegranate juice supplementation on performance and acute and delayed responses of muscle soreness and biomarkers of muscle damage after a weightlifting training session. METHODS: Nine elite weightlifters (21±0.5 years) performed two Olympic-Weightlifting-sessions after either placebo (PLA) or natural pomegranate juice (POMj) supplementations. Heart rate, blood pressure and blood samples (hematological parameters, muscle damage and C-reactive protein (CRP)) were collected at rest, 3min and 48h after each session...
2016: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
'There will only be equal esteem when the Paralympic and the Olympic Games run simultaneously and the two competitions merge'.
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
Ashley Moffett, Olympe Chazara, Francesco Colucci, Martin H Johnson
A distinctive type of (uterine) natural killer (NK) cell is present in the uterine decidua during the period of placental formation. Uterine NK cells express members of the killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) family that bind to parental HLA-C molecules on the invading placental trophoblast cells. The maternal KIR genes and their fetal ligands are highly variable, so different KIR/HLA-C genetic combinations occur in each pregnancy. Some women only possess inhibitory KIR genes, whereas other women also express activating KIR genes...
September 5, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Morteza Khodaee, George T Edelman, Jack Spittler, Randall Wilber, Brian J Krabak, Daniel Solomon, Scott Riewald, Alicia Kendig, Laura M Borgelt, Mark Riederer, Vladimir Puzovic, Scott Rodeo
Swimming is one of the most popular sports worldwide. Competitive swimming is one of the most watched sports during the Olympic Games. Swimming has unique medical challenges as a result of a variety of environmental and chemical exposures. Musculoskeletal overuse injuries, overtraining, respiratory problems, and dermatologic conditions are among the most common problems swimmers encounter. Although not unique to swimming, overtraining is a serious condition which can have significant negative impact on swimmers' health and performance...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Nathan D Grubaugh, Kristian G Andersen
The epidemics of Ebola virus in West Africa and Zika virus in America highlight how viruses can explosively emerge into new territories. These epidemics also exposed how unprepared we are to handle infectious disease emergencies. This is also true when we consider hypothesized new clinical features of infection, such as the associations between Zika virus infection and severe neurological disease, including microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. On the surface, these pathologies appear to be new features of Zika virus infection, however, causal relationships have not yet been established...
2016: F1000Research
Antonio Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Eduardo Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Luiz Miguel Santiago, Luis Taborda Barata
OBJECTIVES: In 2016 the Rugby Union variant of sevens will enter the official Olympic Programme. Until now, most of injury surveillance studies in Rugby Union focus on elite 15-a-side cohorts, with reported injury incidence rates reaching 96 per 1000 player-match-hours, and mean severity set at 20 days. Sparse data is available regarding rugby sevens. The aim of this study was to systematically review available data regarding the epidemiology of injuries in senior male rugby sevens. METHODS: Electronic databases (Pubmed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS, Scielo and IndexRMP) were searched in September 2015, complemented by manual searches of bibliographies and relevant 'grey literature'...
October 14, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Helios Pareja Galeano, Jose A Rodriguez-Marroyo, Jos J de Koning, Alejandro Lucia, Carl Foster
Despite some advances, how the millions of variations in the human genome influence athletic performance (especially in endurance events) remains largely unknown, and no single genetic test can really predict sports talent. However, there is experimental evidence coming from animal research that selecting for even a simple characteristic like running ability, can produce comparatively large and rapid changes in performance. That such selection has not been specifically documented in humans is more evidence of the limits of physiology-archeology than of the unlikelihood of selection for physical abilities...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Lucas R F Henneman, Cong Liu, James A Mulholland, Armistead G Russell
: Assessments of past environmental policies-termed accountability studies-contribute important information to the decision-making process used to review the efficacy of past policies, and subsequently aid in the development of effective new policies. These studies have used a variety of methods that have achieved varying levels of success at linking improvements in air quality and/or health to regulations. The Health Effects Institute defines the air pollution accountability framework as a chain of events that includes the regulation of interest, air quality, exposure/dose, and health outcomes, and suggests that accountability research should address impacts for each of these linkages...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Ulrika Aasa, Ivar Svartholm, Fredrik Andersson, Lars Berglund
BACKGROUND: Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting are two sports that expose the body to great forces. Injury characteristics have not been systematically reviewed for these two growing sports. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature regarding various definitions of injuries used, injury localisation, the prevalence and incidence of injuries and the associated risk factors for injuries in weightlifting and powerlifting. DESIGN: Systematic review...
October 4, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Clive W Bridgham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
Nigel Gibbens
Vectorborne diseases have been very much in the news in 2016, with, for example, the outbreak of Zika virus resulting in a number of high-profile athletes withdrawing from this year's Olympic Games in Brazil. In the UK, the threat of bluetongue virus arriving by windborne midges from France remains real. In his latest update for Veterinary Record, Nigel Gibbens, the UK's Chief Veterinary Officer, discusses why a collaborative approach is needed to combat such diseases and their vectors.
October 1, 2016: Veterinary Record
Christopher M O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: JACC. Heart Failure
Abdulaziz Farooq, Christopher P Herrera, Yacine Zerguini, Fuad Almudahka, Karim Chamari
OBJECTIVES: Muslims observe fasting during the month of Ramadan by abstaining from eating and drinking from dawn to sunset. Available literature shows that although several studies have been conducted on athletes to determine the effects of Ramadan fasting in terms of physical fitness and performance, little data are available regarding the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of athletes (particularly footballers) towards Ramadan fasting during high-level competitions. This study explored the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes towards Ramadan fasting among football players participating in the London 2012 Olympics football tournament...
2016: BMJ Open
Ioanna Athanasiadou, Sven Voss, Emmanouil Lyris, Amina Aljaber, Mohammed Alsayrafi, Costas Georgakopoulos
The 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games, the biggest event in human sports, was held in Rio de Janeiro with more than 10,500 athletes from 206 countries over the world competing for the highest of sports honors, an Olympic medal. With the hope that the Olympic ideal accompanies all aspects of the XXXI Olympiad, WADA accredited antidoping laboratories use the spearhead of analytical technology as a powerful tool in the fight against doping. This review summarizes the main analytical developments applied in antidoping testing methodology combined with the main amendments on the WADA regulations regarding analytical testing starting from the 2012 London Olympics until the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro...
November 2016: Bioanalysis
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim
OBJECTIVE: To describe Zika Virus (ZIKV) epidemiology, current phobia, and the required preparedness for its prevention during the upcoming Mass Gathering (MG) events. METHODS: Electronic databases of PubMed, WHO, CDC, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Google, and Cochrane library were extensively searched for ZIKV. Articles were reviewed, scrutinized and critically appraised and the most relevant articles were utilized. RESULTS: ZIKV is an emerging Flavivirus which was first isolated from Uganda in 1947...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Dan Todkill, Helen E Hughes, Alex J Elliot, Roger A Morbey, Obaghe Edeghere, Sally Harcourt, Tom Hughes, Tina Endericks, Brian McCloskey, Mike Catchpole, Sue Ibbotson, Gillian Smith
: Introduction In preparation for the London 2012 Olympic Games, existing syndromic surveillance systems operating in England were expanded to include daily general practitioner (GP) out-of-hours (OOH) contacts and emergency department (ED) attendances at sentinel sites (the GP OOH and ED syndromic surveillance systems: GPOOHS and EDSSS). Hypothesis/Problem The further development of syndromic surveillance systems in time for the London 2012 Olympic Games provided a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of a large mass-gathering event on public health and health services as monitored in near real-time by syndromic surveillance of GP OOH contacts and ED attendances...
September 19, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Radamés Maciel Vítor Medeiros, Eduardo da Silva Alves, Valdir de Aquino Lemos, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Andressa da Silva, Roberto Vital, Alexandre Silva Vieira, Murilo Moreira Barreto, Edilson Alves da Rocha, Sergio Tufik, Marco Túlio de Mello
CONTEXT: Body composition assessments of high-performance athletes are very important for identifying physical performance potential. Although the relationship between the kinanthropometric characteristics and performance abilities of Olympic swimmers is extremely important, this subject is not completely understood for Paralympic swimmers. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between body composition and sport performance in Brazilian Paralympic swimmers 6 months after training...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Emerson Franchini, Monica Y Takito, Rodrigo M da Silva, Seihati A Shiroma, Lance Wicks, Ursula F Julio
PURPOSE: was to determine the optimal interval between competitions for success in the different events of the judo world tour. METHODS: A total of 20,916 female and 29,900 male competition participations in the judo world tour competitions disputed between January 2009 and December 2015 were analyzed, considering the dependent variable, winning a medal, and the independent variables, level of competition. RESULTS: there was an increased probability of winning a medal when the interval was in the 10-13 week range for both male and female athletes competing at Grand Prix, Continental Championship and World Championship events, while for Grand Slam only male had increased probability of winning a medal in this interval range...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Jan W C Sprey, Thiago Ferreira, Marcos V de Lima, Aires Duarte, Pedro B Jorge, Claudio Santili
BACKGROUND: CrossFit is a conditioning and training program that has been gaining recognition and interest among the physically active population. Approximately 440 certified and registered CrossFit fitness centers and gyms exist in Brazil, with approximately 40,000 athletes. To date, there have been no epidemiological studies about the CrossFit athlete in Brazil. PURPOSE: To evaluate the profile, sports history, training routine, and presence of injuries among athletes of CrossFit...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Fabiana R de Sousa-Mast, Arianne C Reis, Marcelo C Vieira, Sandro Sperandei, Luilma A Gurgel, Uwe Pühse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
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