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International society of nephrology burden of kidney disease globally

Dalia E Yousif, Alice R Topping, Maha F Osman, Jochen G Raimann, Elfadil M Osman, Peter Kotanko, Omar I Abboud
BACKGROUND: The burden of acute kidney injury (AKI) is high in Africa. While there are no reliable statistics about AKI in Africa, the Global Snapshot Study of the 0by25 initiative of the International Society of Nephrology has determined dehydration, infections, animal envenomation, and complications during pregnancy as the main causes. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Soba University Hospital (SUH), Khartoum, Sudan, a tertiary referral center. We included all hemodialysis patients treated for AKI at SUH between -January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2014 in the study...
2018: Blood Purification
Vivekanand Jha, Dominique E Martin, Joanne M Bargman, Simon Davies, John Feehally, Fred Finkelstein, David Harris, Madhukar Misra, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Adeera Levin
Treatment for end-stage kidney disease is a major economic challenge and a public health concern worldwide. Renal-replacement therapy poses several practical and ethical dilemmas of global relevance for patients, clinicians, and policy makers. These include how to: promote patients' best interests; increase access to dialysis while maintaining procedural and distributive justice; minimise the influence of financial incentives and competing interests; ensure quality of care in service delivery and access to non-dialytic supportive care when needed; minimise the financial burden on patients and health-care system; and protect the interests of vulnerable groups during crisis situations...
May 6, 2017: Lancet
Li Yang
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common disorder and is associated with a high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The diversity of the climate and of the socioeconomic and developmental status in Asia has a great influence on the etiology and presentation of AKI in different regions. In view of the International Society of Nephrology's 0by25 initiative, more and more attention has been paid to AKI in Asian countries. SUMMARY: In this review, we summarize the recent achievements with regard to the prevalence and clinical patterns of AKI in Asian countries...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
Li Yang, Guolan Xing, Li Wang, Yonggui Wu, Suhua Li, Gang Xu, Qiang He, Jianghua Chen, Menghua Chen, Xiaohua Liu, Zaizhi Zhu, Lin Yang, Xiyan Lian, Feng Ding, Yun Li, Huamin Wang, Jianqin Wang, Rong Wang, Changlin Mei, Jixian Xu, Rongshan Li, Juan Cao, Liang Zhang, Yan Wang, Jinhua Xu, Beiyan Bao, Bicheng Liu, Hongyu Chen, Shaomei Li, Yan Zha, Qiong Luo, Dongcheng Chen, Yulan Shen, Yunhua Liao, Zhengrong Zhang, Xianqiu Wang, Kun Zhang, Luojin Liu, Peiju Mao, Chunxiang Guo, Jiangang Li, Zhenfu Wang, Shoujun Bai, Shuangjie Shi, Yafang Wang, Jinwei Wang, Zhangsuo Liu, Fang Wang, Dandan Huang, Shun Wang, Shuwang Ge, Quanquan Shen, Ping Zhang, Lihua Wu, Miao Pan, Xiting Zou, Ping Zhu, Jintao Zhao, Minjie Zhou, Lin Yang, Wenping Hu, Jing Wang, Bing Liu, Tong Zhang, Jianxin Han, Tao Wen, Minghui Zhao, Haiyan Wang
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) has become a worldwide public health problem, but little information is available about the disease burden in China. We aimed to evaluate the burden of AKI and assess the availability of diagnosis and treatment in China. METHODS: We launched a nationwide, cross-sectional survey of adult patients who were admitted to hospital in 2013 in academic or local hospitals from 22 provinces in mainland China. Patients with suspected AKI were screened out on the basis of changes in serum creatinine by the Laboratory Information System, and we reviewed medical records for 2 months (January and July) to confirm diagnoses...
October 10, 2015: Lancet
Katherine T Mills, Yu Xu, Weidong Zhang, Joshua D Bundy, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Tanika N Kelly, Jing Chen, Jiang He
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major risk factor for end-stage renal disease, cardiovascular disease, and premature death. Here we estimated the global prevalence and absolute burden of CKD in 2010 by pooling data from population-based studies. We searched MEDLINE (January 1990 to December 2014), International Society of Nephrology Global Outreach Program-funded projects, and bibliographies of retrieved articles and selected 33 studies reporting gender- and age-specific prevalence of CKD in representative population samples...
November 2015: Kidney International
Robert C Atkins, Paul Z Zimmet
The 21st century has the most diabetogenic environment in human history with the number of people with diabetes worldwide increasing to 380 million by 2025. The fastest rate of increase will be in developing countries. Diabetes is now the major cause of end-stage kidney disease globally; 20%-40% of people on dialysis are diabetic. In Australia, the number of people with type 2 diabetes starting dialysis increased fivefold between 1993 and 2007. We must act now at local, national and international levels to prevent type 2 diabetes; screen for early diabetic kidney disease; increase public awareness of kidney disease; treat with medications proven to reduce kidney disease progression; and promote research into and trialling of new therapies...
March 1, 2010: Medical Journal of Australia
Giuseppe D'Amico
The comparison of the prevalence of patients on regular dialysis treatment (RDT) in the 3 areas of Greater China (Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Mainland) with that of the United States and Japan shows that, unlike Taiwan, in which RDT has a higher prevalence than in the United States and Japan, in Mainland China such prevalence is enormously lower. To make the situation more in line with that of Taiwan, around 2 million patients would need to be treated in Mainland China, which would be a tremendous financial burden...
September 2005: Kidney International. Supplement
John H Dirks, Dick de Zeeuw, Sanjay K Agarwal, Robert C Atkins, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Giuseppe D'Amico, Peter H Bennett, Meguid El Nahas, Raul Herrera Valdes, Dan Kaseje, Ivor J Katz, Sarala Naicker, Bernardo Rodriguez-Iturbe, Arrigo Schieppati, Faissal Shaheen, Chitr Sitthi-Amorn, Kim Solez, Giancarlo Viberti, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Jan J Weening
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) not only reflects target organ injury in systemic vascular disease in the general population and in association with diabetes, hypertension, and smoking, but it is recognized as one of the major risk factors in the pathogenesis and outcome of cardiovascular disease. Recent surveys have revealed that the prevalence of CKD, particularly the hidden mild form (mildly elevated levels of serum creatinine or urinary albumin excretion), is surprisingly high in the general population. In recent years, the global epidemic of type 2 diabetes has led to an alarming increase in the number of patients with CKD...
September 2005: Kidney International. Supplement
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