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Global prevalence of CKD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678805/mobile-health-to-maintain-continuity-of-patient-centered-care-for-chronic-kidney-disease-content-analysis-of-apps
#1
Ying-Li Lee, Yan-Yan Cui, Ming-Hsiang Tu, Yu-Chi Chen, Polun Chang
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem with a high economic burden, which is particularly prevalent in Taiwan. Mobile health apps have been widely used to maintain continuity of patient care for various chronic diseases. To slow the progression of CKD, continuity of care is vital for patients' self-management and cooperation with health care professionals. However, the literature provides a limited understanding of the use of mobile health apps to maintain continuity of patient-centered care for CKD...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659605/chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-global-adult-hiv-infected-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Udeme E Ekrikpo, Andre P Kengne, Aminu K Bello, Emmanuel E Effa, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Babatunde L Salako, Brian L Rayner, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Ikechi G Okpechi
INTRODUCTION: The widespread use of antiretroviral therapies (ART) has increased life expectancy in HIV patients, predisposing them to chronic non-communicable diseases including Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO registration number CRD42016036246) to determine the global and regional prevalence of CKD in HIV patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO and AJOL for articles published between January 1982 and May 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657211/etiological-profile-of-chronic-kidney-disease-a-single-center-retrospective-hospital-based-study
#3
Manjuri Sharma, Prodip Doley, Himanab Jyoti Das
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the leading causes of chronic diseases globally, with rising incidence and prevalence. It is a major risk factor for cerebrovascular disease and coronary artery disease, which are the main causes of death in this population. The etiology of CKD is varied. This study was performed to evaluate the various etiologies of CKD among patients presenting to the Department of Nephrology, Guwahati Medical College, a tertiary referral center. A total of 5718 CKD patients were evaluated to identify the cause of CKD...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580580/treatment-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-with-hypertension-control-and-renin-angiotensin-system-inhibition
#4
REVIEW
Vikram Patney, Kunal Chaudhary, Adam Whaley-Connell
The global incidence and prevalence of diabetes continues to expand due primarily to the influences of obesity and the contribution of obesity to the progression of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes has driven an increase in rates of CKD in the past 3 decades in the United States. In turn, so have the rates for complications related to type 2 diabetes including CKD, eg, diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Although incident rates for DKD have stabilized in the recent years, diabetes continues to be the leading cause of ESRD in the United States...
March 2018: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489920/obesity-and-chronic-kidney-disease-a-population-based-study-among-south-koreans
#5
Lorraine S Evangelista, Won-Kyung Cho, Youngmee Kim
Obesity and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are major global health problems. There are very little data concerning the prevalence and its associated factors of obesity in non-dialyzed patients who have different stages of CKD. Therefore, in this study, we examined the prevalence of obesity and its associated factors according to the stages of CKD. We used nationwide representative data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was conducted over a 7-year period from 2008 to 2014 by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480866/prevalence-and-mortality-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-lymphoma-patients-a-large-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Masamitsu Ubukata, Masaki Hara, Yuki Nishizawa, Teruhiro Fujii, Kosaku Nitta, Akihito Ohta
In patients with lymphoma, an important issue that has been recognized is renal involvement, including glomerulonephritis, acute kidney injury, and lymphoma infiltrating the kidney. However, the prevalence and mortality of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have not been fully understood in lymphoma patients. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of CKD and its impact on mortality in those patients.This was a retrospective cohort study of 429 consecutive lymphoma patients who were admitted or regularly visited our hospital from January 2013 to October 2016...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465053/erythropoietic-response-to-anaemia-of-dialysis-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-zaria-north-west-nigeria
#7
L G Dogara, A Hassan, S Awwalu, L Okpetu, A D Waziri, A A Babadoko, I B Bosan, H M Muktar
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem with an increasing prevalence worldwide. Anemia is one of its consistent and severe hematological complications although its mechanism is not fully elucidated. The primary defect could manifest as serum erythropoietin (sEPO) deficiency or EPO resistance. We set out to determine the erythropoietic response to anemia of patients with CKD and its relationship with their iron status in a cross-sectional descriptive study of 91 patients in various stages of CKD...
February 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459026/prevalence-and-risk-of-protein-energy-wasting-assessed-by-subjective-global-assessment-in-older-adults-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-equal-study
#8
Karin Windahl, Gerd Faxén Irving, Tora Almquist, Maarit Korkeila Lidén, Moniek van de Luijtgaarden, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Pauline Voskamp, Peter Stenvinkel, Marian Klinger, Maciej Szymczak, Claudia Torino, Maurizio Postorini, Christiane Drechsler, Fergus J Caskey, Christoph Wanner, Friedo W Dekker, Kitty J Jager, Marie Evans
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence and risk factors for protein-energy wasting (PEW) are poorly studied in the nondialysis, older population with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to evaluate the prevalence of PEW in advanced stage CKD patients aged greater than 65 years. Furthermore, we aimed to describe risk factors for PEW in the overall study population and among obese individuals. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. METHODS: The EQUAL study, a European Quality Study on treatment in advanced chronic kidney disease, is a multicenter prospective observational cohort study in six European countries...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406992/disturbed-purine-nucleotide-metabolism-in-chronic-kidney-disease-is-a-risk-factor-for-cognitive-impairment
#9
Muhammed Khairujjaman Mazumder, Banashree Chetia Phukan, Aradhana Bhattacharjee, Anupom Borah
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasing global health burden. Disturbance in purine metabolism pathway and a higher level of serum uric acid, called hyperuricemia, is a risk factor of CKD, and it has been linked to increased prevalence and progression of the disease. In a recent study, it has been demonstrated that purine nucleotides and uric acid alter the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Thus, we hypothesize that adenine, hypoxanthine, xanthine, 2,8-dihydroxyadenine and uric acid may potentially interfere with the activity of AChE...
February 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358450/screening-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-community-based-diabetes-cohort-in-rural-guatemala-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
David Flood, Pablo Garcia, Kate Douglas, Jessica Hawkins, Peter Rohloff
OBJECTIVE: Screening is a key strategy to address the rising burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in low-income and middle-income countries. However, there are few reports regarding the implementation of screening programmes in resource-limited settings. The objectives of this study are to (1) to share programmatic experiences implementing CKD screening in a rural, resource-limited setting and (2) to assess the burden of renal disease in a community-based diabetes programme in rural Guatemala...
January 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342308/chronic-kidney-disease-burden-among-african-migrants-in-three-european-countries-and-in-urban-and-rural-ghana-the-rodam-cross-sectional-study
#11
David N Adjei, Karien Stronks, Dwomoa Adu, Erik Beune, Karlijn Meeks, Liam Smeeth, Juliet Addo, Ellis Owuso-Dabo, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Matthias B Schulze, Ina Danquah, Joachim Spranger, Silver Bahendeka, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Charles Agyemang
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major burden among sub-Saharan African (SSA) populations. However, differences in CKD prevalence between rural and urban settings in Africa, and upon migration to Europe are unknown. We therefore assessed the differences in CKD prevalence among homogenous SSA population (Ghanaians) residing in rural and urban Ghana and in three European cities, and whether conventional risk factors of CKD explained the observed differences. Furthermore, we assessed whether the prevalence of CKD varied among individuals with hypertension and diabetes compared with individuals without these conditions...
January 12, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299983/metabolic-enzyme-system-and-transport-pathways-in-chronic-kidney-diseases
#12
Bin Liu, Fangmei Luo, Xiuju Luo, Shaobin Duan, Zhicheng Gong, Jie Peng
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), a global public health problem, affects numerous people worldwide, and the prevalence is rising. Results from animal experiments and clinical investigations have demonstrated that drug metabolic enzymes and transporters-mediated non-renal clearance is dramatically impaired in CKD, co-respondent with the alterations in the elimination of metabolized drugs. Accumulated uremic toxins may downregulate or directly inhibit the activity and/or the expression of drug metabolic enzymes and transporters, which may result in unintended alterations of drug exposure and response in cases when drugs dose are not adjusted for the renal dysfunction...
January 3, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298330/the-higher-mortality-associated-with-low-serum-albumin-is-dependent-on-systemic-inflammation-in-end-stage-kidney-disease
#13
Filipa Caeiro Alves, Jia Sun, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Lu Dai, Sunna Snaedal, Peter Bárány, Olof Heimbürger, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel
BACKGROUND: The correlation of low serum albumin with mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is partly linked to its association with systemic inflammation. However, it is not clear to what extent albumin's correlation with mortality depends on concomitant systemic inflammation. Here we addressed this question in patients with CKD stage 5. METHODS: Serum albumin (S-Alb), systemic inflammation (high-sensitive C-reactive protein, hsCRP), cardiovascular disease (CVD) and nutritional status (subjective global assessment, SGA) were assessed at baseline in 822 patients: 523 incident dialysis patients, 212 prevalent hemodialysis (HD) and 87 prevalent peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290951/characteristics-and-comparison-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-non-diabetes-mellitus-among-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-chinese-cohort-study-of-chronic-kidney-disease-c-stride
#14
Jun-Jun Zhang, Liu Yang, Jun-Wen Huang, Yu-Jie Liu, Jin-Wei Wang, Lu-Xia Zhang, Ming-Hui Zhao, Zhang-Suo Liu
Although the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing globally, information on Chinese CKD patients with DM is lacking. A total of 3499 pre-dialysis CKD patients from across China were enrolled in the Chinese Cohort Study of Chronic Kidney Disease (C-STRIDE) between November 2011 and April 2016. We divided the C-STRIDE patients into CKD with DM and CKD without DM groups and compared their clinical, demographic, and laboratory data in this cross-sectional study. CKD patients with DM were older, had a higher male-to-female ratio, and had more complications than CKD patients without DM...
December 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283473/international-statistical-classification-of-diseases-and-related-health-problems-coding-underestimates-the-incidence-and-prevalence-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-general-medical-patients
#15
Soe Ko, Sudharsan Venkatesan, Kushma Nand, Vicki Levidiotis, Craig Nelson, Edward Janus
BACKGROUND: The international classification of diseases (ICD) code is frequently used to identify renal impairment in epidemiological research. However, Australian studies examining accuracy of this administrative data in coding kidney injury are lacking. AIMS: To compare the ICD 10 coding with the kidney disease: improving global outcomes (KDIGO) criteria in diagnosing acute kidney injury (AKI) and/or chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: A retrospective study of 325 patients admitted to general medicine during January 2012 was performed...
March 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247347/patient-and-physician-perspectives-on-the-impact-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-mexican-patients-with-anca-associated-vasculitis
#16
Andrea Hinojosa-Azaola, Ariadna Jiménez-González, Natasha Alcocer-Castillejos
The objective of this study is to describe aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in Mexican patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic-associated vasculitis (AAV). Cross-sectional comparison study includes patients with established AAV and a comparison group with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and healthy subjects. Variables considered were: socio-demographic data, comorbidities, laboratory, disease activity, damage, and Physician's and Patient's Global Assessment (PhGA and PtGA)...
April 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240709/prevalence-of-albuminuria-in-children-living-in-a-rural-agricultural-and-fishing-subsistence-community-in-lake-chapala-mexico
#17
Felipe Lozano-Kasten, Erick Sierra-Diaz, Alfredo de Jesus Celis-de la Rosa, María Margarita Soto Gutiérrez, Alejandro Aarón Peregrina Lucano
The occurrence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) of unknown etiology in autochthonous child populations residing along the Lake Chapala lakeshore is endemic (Jalisco, México). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of albuminuria in the pediatric population and to measure the glomerular filtration rate in children with two positive albuminuria tests. Urinary albumin was measured in 394 children. Subjects with two or more positive albuminuria test donated blood samples for the determination of serum biomarkers...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221436/prevalence-and-related-risk-factors-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-adults-in-luxembourg-evidence-from-the-observation-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-oriscav-lux-study
#18
Ala'a Alkerwi, Nicolas Sauvageot, Illiasse El Bahi, Charles Delagardelle, Jean Beissel, Stephanie Noppe, Paul J Roderick, Jennifer S Mindell, Saverio Stranges
BACKGROUND: Evidence on stages of renal impairment and related risk factors in Luxembourg is lacking. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and identify potential correlates among the general population, using the recent definition suggested by the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes guidelines. METHODS: Data analysed from 1361 participants aged 18-69 years, enrolled in the Observation of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Luxembourg (ORISCAV-LUX) study, 2007-08...
December 8, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208626/the-effect-of-extended-release-niacin-on-markers-of-mineral-metabolism-in-ckd
#19
Rakesh Malhotra, Ronit Katz, Andrew Hoofnagle, Andrew Bostom, Dena E Rifkin, Ruth Mcbride, Jeffrey Probstfield, Geoffrey Block, Joachim H Ix
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Niacin downregulates intestinal sodium-dependent phosphate transporter 2b expression and reduces intestinal phosphate transport. Short-term studies have suggested that niacin lowers serum phosphate concentrations in patients with CKD and ESRD. However, the long-term effects of niacin on serum phosphate and other mineral markers are unknown. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: The Atherothrombosis Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome with Low HDL/High Triglycerides: Impact on Global Health Trial was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial testing extended release niacin in persons with prevalent cardiovascular disease...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164753/prevalence-of-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-in-pre-dialysis-and-dialysis-patients-with-preserved-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#20
Liselotte C R Hensen, Kathleen Goossens, Victoria Delgado, Rachid Abou, Joris I Rotmans, J Wouter Jukema, Jeroen J Bax
AIMS: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an excess of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, with heart failure (HF) being particularly frequent. Reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) defines left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and is associated with poor prognosis. However, CKD patients may have HF symptoms with preserved LVEF. In this subgroup of patients, two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography can detect LV systolic dysfunction by analysing LV myocardial deformation...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
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