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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433091/internet-delivered-parenting-program-for-prevention-and-early-intervention-of-anxiety-problems-in-young-children-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Amy J Morgan, Ronald M Rapee, Agus Salim, Nahal Goharpey, Elli Tamir, Lauren F McLellan, Jordana K Bayer
OBJECTIVE: The Cool Little Kids parenting group program is an effective intervention for preventing anxiety disorders in young children who are at risk because of inhibited temperament. The program has six group sessions delivered by trained psychologists to parents of 3- to 6-year-old children. An online adaptation (Cool Little Kids Online) has been developed to overcome barriers to its wide dissemination in the community. This study tested the efficacy of Cool Little Kids Online in a randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402017/asthma-education-for-school-staff
#2
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Robin Carr, Tim Donovan, Morris Gordon
BACKGROUND: Teachers and school staff should be competent in managing asthma in schools. Demonstrated low levels of asthma knowledge mean that staff may not know how best to protect a child with asthma in their care, or may fail to take appropriate action in the event of a serious attack. Education about asthma could help to improve this knowledge and lead to better asthma outcomes for children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of asthma education programmes for school staff, and to identify content and attributes underpinning them...
April 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377393/does-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-delivered-by-paediatricians-or-psychologists-improve-sleep-problems-for-children-with-adhd-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-translational-trial
#3
E Sciberras, M Mulraney, H Heussler, N Rinehart, T Schuster, L Gold, N Hayes, H Hiscock
INTRODUCTION: Up to 70% of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience sleep problems. We have demonstrated the efficacy of a brief behavioural intervention for children with ADHD in a large randomised controlled trial (RCT) and now aim to examine whether this intervention is effective in real-life clinical settings when delivered by paediatricians or psychologists. We will also assess the cost-effectiveness of the intervention. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Children aged 5-12 years with ADHD (n=320) are being recruited for this translational cluster RCT through paediatrician practices in Victoria and Queensland, Australia...
April 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366047/procedures-and-compliance-of-a-video-modeling-applied-behavior-analysis-intervention-for-brazilian-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Leila F Bagaiolo, Jair de J Mari, Daniela Bordini, Tatiane C Ribeiro, Maria Carolina C Martone, Sheila C Caetano, Decio Brunoni, Helena Brentani, Cristiane S Paula
Video modeling using applied behavior analysis techniques is one of the most promising and cost-effective ways to improve social skills for parents with autism spectrum disorder children. The main objectives were: (1) To elaborate/describe videos to improve eye contact and joint attention, and to decrease disruptive behaviors of autism spectrum disorder children, (2) to describe a low-cost parental training intervention, and (3) to assess participant's compliance. This is a descriptive study of a clinical trial for autism spectrum disorder children...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350722/buccal-midazolam-compared-with-rectal-diazepam-reduces-seizure-duration-in-children-in-the-outpatient-setting
#5
Raffaella Moretti, Sebastien Julliand, Victoria Elisa Rinaldi, Luigi Titomanlio
BACKGROUND: Seizures are very common in children. They frequently happen in outpatient settings, in the presence of caregivers who are not always trained in their management. First-line rescue therapy is based on benzodiazepine, historically diazepam. Recent studies have investigated the use of other benzodiazepines in the treatment of acute seizures. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the management of pediatric seizures carried out by parents or caregivers in an outpatient setting and to evaluate the differences in terms of immediate management and subsequent outcome when comparing the use of rectal diazepam versus buccal midazolam...
March 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333531/randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema-effects-on-parenting-and-child-behavior
#6
Alina Morawska, Amy Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
OBJECTIVE: Parents play an important role in children's illness management, in promoting child adjustment and reducing behavior problems. Little research has focused on the evaluation of parenting interventions in the context of childhood chronic illness. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a brief, group parenting intervention (Healthy Living Triple P) in improving parenting skills and parent adjustment, and reducing child behavioral and emotional difficulties in the context of childhood asthma and eczema...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287871/partnering-with-parents-in-interprofessional-leadership-graduate-education-to-promote-family-professional-partnerships
#7
Lewis H Margolis, Kathryn Fahje Steber, Angela Rosenberg, Ann Palmer, Kathleen Rounds, Marlyn Wells
Evidence supports the benefits to families of relationships with professionals that build on the concept of partnership, but there are few studies in the literature of strategies involving joint education for parents and professionals to enhance the capacity of parents of children with special healthcare needs to be effective interprofessional partners. Since 2007, parents of children with special healthcare needs have participated alongside graduate students from five different profession-based training programmes in a structured interprofessional leadership programme...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256696/-current-state-of-the-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-approach-in-neuropediatrics
#8
E Cardo, G Ros-Cervera, J Eiris-Punal, C Escofet-Soteras, A Fernandez-Jaen, F Mulas, R Sanchez-Carpintero, A Sans, Grupo de Trabajo de Tdah de la Sociedad Espanola de Neurologia Pediatrica Grupo de Trabajo de Tdah de la Sociedad Espanola de Neurologia Pediatrica
AIM: To know the current state of the approach of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in neuropediatricians. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A telematic survey was carried out to collect preliminary information on the interest, difficulties in the management and treatment of ADHD to the 437 fellowship of the Neuropediactric Spanish Society (SENEP). RESULTS: Only 32.49% of the sent questionnaires were answered, with important geographic variability...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255760/autism-goes-to-college-understanding-the-needs-of-a-student-population-on-the-rise
#9
Rebecca Elias, Susan W White
Understanding the needs of adolescents and emerging adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with respect to transition to postsecondary education is critical to development of user-informed transition programming. Parents of adolescents and emerging adults with ASD (n = 52) and ADHD (n = 47) completed an online survey. Social interaction training and independent living training were services frequently requested by parents in the ASD group. Additionally, parents of postsecondary students with ASD endorsed distinct challenges with self-advocacy, managing emotions, and managing personal/adaptive skills relative to postsecondary students with ADHD...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247409/mindfulness-and-parenting-distress-among-parents-of-children-with-disabilities-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for management of parenting distress in parents of children with disabilities. DESIGN: A narrative review was conducted. A search protocol was conducted using Google Scholar, EBSCO, Pubmed, CINAHL, Ovid, and PsycINFO databases up to September 1, 2016. RESULTS: Interventions used a variety of approaches to implement mindfulness training, including MBIs and combined mindfulness and other interventions...
March 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202001/factors-affecting-the-implementation-of-childhood-vaccination-communication-strategies-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#11
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Glory Eteng, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: The role of health communication in vaccination programmes cannot be overemphasized: it has contributed significantly to creating and sustaining demand for vaccination services and improving vaccination coverage. In Nigeria, numerous communication approaches have been deployed but these interventions are not without challenges. We therefore aimed to explore factors affecting the delivery of vaccination communication in Nigeria. METHODS: We used a qualitative approach and conducted the study in two states: Bauchi and Cross River States in northern and southern Nigeria respectively...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195675/-it-goes-against-the-grain-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-parents-administering-distressing-health-care-procedures-for-their-child-at-home
#12
Gemma Spiers, Bryony Beresford
BACKGROUND: Parents caring for children with complex and long-term conditions at home take on responsibility for technical health-care procedures that may cause their child distress. Little evidence exists about parents' experience of this specific aspect of their caring role. AIMS: To explore and understand parents' experiences of administering distressing health-care procedures as part of caring for their child at home. DESIGN: An explorative qualitative study...
February 14, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190946/effects-of-pmto-in-foster-families-with-children-with-behavior-problems-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Anne M Maaskant, Floor B van Rooij, Geertjan J Overbeek, Frans J Oort, Maureen Arntz, Jo M A Hermanns
The present randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of Parent Management Training Oregon for foster parents with foster children (aged 4-12) with severe externalizing behavior problems in long-term foster care arrangements. Foster children's behavior problems are challenging for foster parents and increase the risk of placement breakdown. There is little evidence for the effectiveness of established interventions to improve child and parent functioning in foster families. The goal of Parent Management Training Oregon, a relatively long and intensive (6-9 months, with weekly sessions) parent management training, is to reduce children's problem behavior through improvement of parenting practices...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181041/neurobiological-stress-responses-predict-aggression-in-boys-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder-a-1-year-follow-up-intervention-study
#14
Jantiene Schoorl, Sophie van Rijn, Minet de Wied, Stephanie H M van Goozen, Hanna Swaab
To improve outcome for children with antisocial and aggressive behavior, it is important to know which individual characteristics contribute to reductions in problem behavior. The predictive value of a parent training (Parent Management Training Oregon; PMTO), parenting practices (monitoring, discipline, and punishment), and child neurobiological function (heart rate, cortisol) on the course of aggression was investigated. 64 boys with oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder (8-12 years) participated; parents of 22 boys took part in PMTO...
February 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148255/training-nurses-in-task-shifting-strategies-for-the-management-and-control-of-hypertension-in-ghana-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Joyce Gyamfi, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Juliet Iwelunmor, Debbie Lee, Sarah R Blackstone, Alicia Mitchell, Michael Ntim, Kingsley Apusiga, Bamidele Tayo, Kwasi Yeboah-Awudzi, Richard Cooper, Gbenga Ogedegbe
BACKGROUND: Nurses in Ghana play a vital role in the delivery of primary health care at both the household and community level. However, there is lack of information on task shifting the management and control of hypertension to community health nurses in low- and middle-income countries including Ghana. The purpose of this study was to assess nurses' knowledge and practice of hypertension management and control pre- and post-training utilizing task-shifting strategies for hypertension control in Ghana (TASSH)...
February 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132042/-reasons-and-consequences-of-somatoform-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#16
M Khundadze, N Geladze, R Mkheidze, N Khachapuridze, S Bakhtadze
The aim of our study was to find the reason of various forms of somatoform disorders (phobias, behavioral disorders, insomnia, tics, stuttering, enuresis, encopresis) in children and adolescents of various social status for diagnosis and treatment. We have examined 202 patients who referred to our clinic from 2012-2016. The age range was 2-18 years. After examination we have concluded the following recommendations: - to implement neuropsychological rehabilitation in order to stimulate mental development; - to work with speech therapist to improvement the speech; - to work individually with psychotherapist to improve the behavior; - to train the parent to manage the behavior at home; - to give the personal card containing information about exercises, games and puzzles to stimulate the development and in some cases to give individual educational program; - to give separate information to parents and in some cases to teachers of kindergartens and schools...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131070/health-education-on-diabetes-and-other-non-communicable-diseases-imparted-to-teachers-shows-a-cascading-effect-a-study-from-southern-india
#17
Sundaram Selvam, Narayanasamy Murugesan, Chamukuttan Snehalatha, Arun Nanditha, Arun Raghavan, Mary Simon, Priscilla Susairaj, Ambady Ramachandran
AIMS: The aims were to assess effect of a short training programme on non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly diabetes on school teachers and also on students who were in turn educated by them. Lifestyle changes made by both groups were assessed 6months later. METHODS: Graduate teachers (n=1017) from 2 districts in Tamilnadu, India were trained using audio visual aids in batches of 100, on healthy lifestyle practices, prevention and management of diabetes...
March 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127171/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-dental-surgeons-in-managing-child-patients
#18
Aisha Wali, Talha Mufeed Siddiqui, Rabia Khan, Kanza Batool
The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental surgeons in the city of Karachi providing treatment to pediatric patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental surgeons in the city of Karachi providing treatment to pediatric patients. A cluster-sampling technique was used and 200 dental surgeons from six different dental institutions were selected. A self-constructed questionnaire was distributed to the dental surgeons that comprised 20 closed-ended questions...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124508/the-wayfinding-experience-of-family-carers-who-learn-to-manage-technical-health-procedures-at-home-a-grounded-theory-study
#19
Janet McDonald, Eileen McKinlay, Sally Keeling, William Levack
BACKGROUND: With more care taking place in the home, family carers play an important role in supporting patients. Some family carers undertake technical health procedures generally managed by health professionals in hospital settings (e.g. managing a tracheostomy or enteral feeding). AIM: To explore how family carers learn to manage technical health procedures in order to help health professionals better understand and support this process. DESIGN AND METHODS: A grounded theory study using data from interviews with 26 New Zealand family carers who managed technical health procedures including nasogastric or gastrostomy feeding, stoma care, urinary catheterisation, tracheostomy management, intravenous therapy, diabetes management and complex wound dressings...
January 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117135/sleep-regulation-physiology-and-development-sleep-duration-and-patterns-and-sleep-hygiene-in-infants-toddlers-and-preschool-age-children
#20
REVIEW
Eleanor Bathory, Suzy Tomopoulos
Sleep problems are common, reported by a quarter of parents with children under the age of 5 years, and have been associated with poor behavior, worse school performance, and obesity, in addition to negative secondary effects on maternal and family well-being. Yet, it has been shown that pediatricians do not adequately address sleep in routine well-child visits, and underdiagnose sleep issues. Pediatricians receive little formal training in medical school or in residency regarding sleep medicine. An understanding of the physiology of sleep is critical to a pediatrician׳s ability to effectively and confidently counsel patients about sleep...
February 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
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