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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806991/the-impact-of-an-educational-program-on-recognition-treatment-and-report-of-child-abuse
#1
Pietro Ferrara, Antonio Gatto, Nunzia Pia Manganelli, Francesca Ianniello, Maria Elisa Amodeo, Maria Amato, Ida Giardino, Antonio Chiaretti
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians play a crucial role in the identification and management of child abuse and neglect (CAN) but they often don't have a formal specialized training. METHODS: We analysed retrospectively data about patients, 0 - 18 years of age, victims of CAN between 1 April 2005 and 30 April 2015. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a multidisciplinary educational program, "CAN: prevention strategies, individuation and treatment", on the knowledge, case recognition, treatment and follow-up of physicians of Gemelli University Hospital in Rome, regarding physical, sexual abuse and neglect...
August 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805422/stakeholder-perspectives-on-a-toolkit-to-enhance-caregiver-participation-in-community-based-child-mental-health-services
#2
Rachel Haine-Schlagel, Molly Mechammil, Lauren Brookman-Frazee
Client engagement in services is a critical element of effective community-based child and family mental health service delivery. Caregiver engagement is particularly important, as caregivers often serve as gatekeepers to child mental health care and typically must consent for services, facilitate service attendance, and are often the target of intervention themselves. Unfortunately, caregiver engagement has been identified as a significant challenge in community-based child mental health services. To address this gap, the Parent And Caregiver Active Participation Toolkit (PACT), which includes therapist training and participation tools for caregivers and therapists, was developed...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791693/atypical-antipsychotics-for-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-youths
#3
REVIEW
Jik H Loy, Sally N Merry, Sarah E Hetrick, Karolina Stasiak
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane Review, last published in 2012 (Loy 2012). Children and youths with disruptive behaviour disorders may present to health services, where they may be treated with atypical antipsychotics. There is increasing usage of atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of disruptive behaviour disorders. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect and safety of atypical antipsychotics, compared to placebo, for treating disruptive behaviour disorders in children and youths...
August 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758375/all-bereaved-parents-are-entitled-to-good-care-after-stillbirth-a-mixed-methods-multicentre-study-insight
#4
D Siassakos, S Jackson, K Gleeson, C Chebsey, A Ellis, C Storey
OBJECTIVE: To understand challenges in care after stillbirth and provide tailored solutions. DESIGN: Multi-centre case study. SETTING: Three maternity hospitals. POPULATION: Parents with a stillborn baby, maternity staff. METHODS: Thematic analysis of parent interviews and staff focus groups and service provision investigation. OUTCOMES: 1 Themes; 2 Triangulation matrix; 3 Recommendations...
July 31, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753203/management-of-neuromuscular-diseases-and-spinal-muscular-atrophy-in-latin-america
#5
REVIEW
S Monges, A Rosa
Latin America (LA) has a population of ~645 million people distributed over 33 countries with marked political, cultural, and economic differences. In LA, patients with inherited neuromuscular diseases (NMD) often do not have access to specialized medical centres and many of them go undiagnosed. General management and care of spinal muscular dystrophy (SMA) patients in the region varies due to heterogeneous health care. An active generation of young clinical neurologists is being trained for the specialized care of SMA and other NM patients, both in the private and public sectors...
July 28, 2017: Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753179/intervention-for-feeding-difficulties-in-children-with-a-complex-medical-history-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Jeanne Marshall, Rebecca J Hill, Meagan Wallace, Pamela Dodrill
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare outcomes of different multidisciplinary feeding therapy approaches in children with feeding difficulties. METHODS: Children 2-6 years with feeding difficulties and a medically complex history (MC) were recruited. Children with feeding difficulties and a non-medically complex history (NMC) were included as a comparison group. Participants attended a clinical assessment, and eligible participants were randomized to receive targeted feeding intervention incorporating either operant conditioning or systematic desensitization...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731550/food-allergy-in-schools-the-importance-of-government-involvement
#7
Tanya Lawlis, Sarah Bakonyi, Lauren T Williams
AIM: Children have the highest rates of food-related allergic reactions. While 85% of children outgrow allergies including cow's milk and eggs by five years of age, allergies to peanuts and seafood continue into adulthood. The school setting poses a high-risk environment for allergen exposure. The aim of the present study was to examine the availability, drivers and communication of school food allergy awareness and management policies/guidelines in one Australian education jurisdiction...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722606/assessment-of-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-child-potties-for-safe-child-feces-disposal-in-rural-bangladesh
#8
Faruqe Hussain, Stephen P Luby, Leanne Unicomb, Elli Leontsini, Tania Naushin, Audrey J Buckland, Peter J Winch
Indiscriminate defecation among young children and the unsafe disposal of their feces increases fecal contamination in the household environment and the risk of diarrheal disease transmission. Improved sanitary technology for children too young to use a latrine may facilitate safe feces disposal and reduce fecal contamination in the household environment. We assessed the acceptability and feasibility of child potties in rural Bangladesh in 2010. Our team introduced child potties into 26 households for 30 days, and conducted semistructured interviews, group discussions, and observations to assess the acceptability and feasibility of their use for parents and children...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711513/the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-function-stress-management-training-in-glycemic-control-in-children-and-in-mental-health-of-mother-caring-for-child-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Mozhdeh Saghaei, Pouya Omidi, Elham Hashemi Dehkordi, Parvin Safavi
AIM: The study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a training course of cognitive-behavioral stress management in glycaemia regulation in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus as well as in mental health status of their mothers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and their mothers were selected and randomly assigned into two groups. A group of mothers (n=25; as experimental one besides their children) passed a course, eight 2-h sessions, on the cognitive-behavioral and stress management, and the control group received the usual care...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689203/global-application-of-the-assessment-of-communication-skills-of-paediatric-endocrinology-fellows-in-the-management-of-differences-in-sex-development-using-the-espe-e-learning-org-portal
#10
Laura J C Kranenburg, Sam T H Reerds, Martine Cools, Julie Alderson, Miriam Muscarella, Ellie Magrite, Martijn Kuiper, Shereen Abdelgaffar, Antonio Balsamo, Raja Brauner, Jean Pierre Chanoine, Asma Deeb, Patricia Fechner, Alina German, Paul Martin Holterhus, Anders Juul, Berenice B Mendonca, Kristen Neville, Anna Nordenstrom, Wilma Oostdijk, Rodolfo A Rey, Meilan M Rutter, Nalini Shah, Xiaoping Luo, Kalinka Grijpink, Stenvert L S Drop
BACKGROUND: Information sharing in chronic conditions such as disorders of/differences in sex development (DSD) is essential for a comprehensive understanding by parents and patients. We report on a qualitative analysis of communication skills of fellows undergoing training in paediatric endocrinology. Guidelines are created for the assessment of communication between health professionals and individuals with DSD and their parents. METHODS: Paediatric endocrinology fellows worldwide were invited to study two interactive online cases (www...
July 7, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685899/prevention-and-recognition-of-abusive-head-trauma-training-for-healthcare-professionals-in-vietnam
#11
Jennifer A Fraser, Tara Flemington, Thi Ngoc Diep Doan, Minh Tu Van Hoang, Thi Le Binh Doan, Manh Tuan Ha
AIM: This paper presents results from an intervention designed to improve identification and response to abusive head trauma in a tertiary paediatric hospital in Vietnam. METHODS: One hundred and sixteen healthcare professionals (paediatric medical and nursing staff) completed a clinical training programme and participated in its evaluation. A pre-post-test and follow-up design was used to evaluate the outcomes. Questionnaires were used to collect data prior to training, at six-weeks and at six-months...
July 7, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680261/treatment-fidelity-during-therapist-initial-training-is-related-to-subsequent-effectiveness-of-parent-management-training-oregon-model
#12
Jill Thijssen, Gonnie Albrecht, Peter Muris, Corine de Ruiter
The present study examined the association between treatment fidelity during therapist initial training and subsequent treatment outcome of Parent Management Training - Oregon model (PMTO) in The Netherlands. Clinically referred children (N = 86) aged 4 to 11 years and their parents received PMTO and were assessed at four time points: at baseline, and after 6, 12, and 18 months. Difference scores between baseline and follow-up assessments of externalizing behavior problems, parenting practices, and parental psychopathology and parents' overall ratings of working alliance, were correlated with treatment fidelity scores measured prior to the intervention...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646975/impact-of-incredible-years%C3%A2-on-teacher-perceptions-of-parental-involvement-a-latent-transition-analysis
#13
Aaron M Thompson, Keith C Herman, Melissa A Stormont, Wendy M Reinke, Carolyn Webster-Stratton
The purpose of the present study was to examine the impact of the Incredible Years® Teacher Classroom Management (IY TCM) training on teacher perceptions of parental involvement. A cluster randomized design was used to assign 42 classroom teachers to either an IY TCM training (n=19) or a control condition (n=23). Teachers rated parental involvement (i.e., bonding with teacher, parental involvement at school) for the families of 805 low income students (IY TCM=504, control=301). A latent profile transition analysis framework was used to model the effect of IY TCM on teacher perceptions of parental involvement from pre to posttest...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646972/effectiveness-evaluation-of-the-positive-family-support-intervention-a-three-tiered-public-health-delivery-model-for-middle-schools
#14
Keith Smolkowski, John R Seeley, Jeffery M Gau, Tom J Dishion, Elizabeth A Stormshak, Kevin J Moore, Corrina A Falkenstein, Gregory M Fosco, S Andrew Garbacz
This article presents the results of an evaluation of Positive Family Support, an ecological family intervention and treatment approach to parent supports and family management training developed from a history of basic and translational research. This effectiveness trial, with 41 public middle schools randomly assigned to intervention or control, examined student-, teacher-, and parent-reported outcomes, as well as math and reading scores and school attendance. Multilevel analyses suggested that for students at risk for behavior problems, immediate-intervention schools outperformed control schools on parent-reported negative school contacts for students at risk for behavior problems...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615011/lessons-from-implementing-mass-drug-administration-for-soil-transmitted-helminths-among-pre-school-aged-children-during-school-based-deworming-program-at-the-kenyan-coast
#15
Rosemary M Musuva, Elizabeth Matey, Janet Masaku, Gladys Odhiambo, Faith Mwende, Isaac Thuita, Jimmy Kihara, Doris Njomo
BACKGROUND: The 2012 London declaration which committed to "sustaining, expanding and extending drug access programmes to ensure the necessary supply of drugs and other interventions to help control soil-transmitted helminths (STH) by 2020" has seen many countries in Africa roll out mass drug administration (MDA) especially among school age children. In Kenya, however, during the National school-based deworming exercise, pre-school aged children (PSAC) have to access treatment at primary schools as the pre-school teachers are not trained to carry out deworming...
June 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610475/general-and-specific-factors-of-working-alliance-in-parent-training-a%C3%A2-bifactor-exploratory-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#16
Silje Hukkelberg, Terje Ogden
The Working Alliance Inventory Short form (WAI-S) comprises 12 items that measure 3 subdomains (goal, task, and bond). In the present study, we evaluated the factor structure of WAI-S in a parent management training (PMT) context, by investigating a series of different factor models, including standard confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) models and more recent alternatives, like the exploratory structural equation model (ESEM), the bifactor-CFA, and the bifactor exploratory structural equation model (B-ESEM)...
June 13, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607658/exploring-perceptions-of-instructors-about-childbirth-preparation-training-courses-a-qualitative-study
#17
Marzieh Otogara, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei, Jalal Poorolajal, Nahid Radnia, Forouzan Akrami, Fahimeh Bagheri
BACKGROUND: Childbirth preparation training courses on maternal and neonatal health increase awareness, and capability of pregnant women in overcoming fear and anxiety and managing labor pains. OBJECTIVE: To identify the affecting factors and barriers of these courses from the perspective of their instructors. METHODS: This qualitative study of the content analysis type, has been conducted on 16 certified teachers of the training courses of the Hamadan city in 2015...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591011/being-fully-present-gains-patients-attribute-to-a-telephone-delivered-parenting-program-for-child-rearing-mothers-with-cancer
#18
Amy J Walker, Frances M Lewis, Hebah Al-Mulla, Zainab Alzawad, Nai-Ching Chi
BACKGROUND: Oncology nurses can assist patients in gaining skills and confidence in multiple areas of illness self-management, including parenting skills. Child-rearing parents with cancer are a unique population because they must self-manage their illness and also help their child manage the intrusion of cancer on everyday life. The telephone offers an inexpensive channel for nurses to assist mothers in developing competencies to parent their child. The acceptability and attributed gains from such telephone services are unknown...
June 7, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586365/trait-variation-and-genetic-diversity-in-a-banana-genomic-selection-training-population
#19
Moses Nyine, Brigitte Uwimana, Rony Swennen, Michael Batte, Allan Brown, Pavla Christelová, Eva Hřibová, Jim Lorenzen, Jaroslav Doležel
Banana (Musa spp.) is an important crop in the African Great Lakes region in terms of income and food security, with the highest per capita consumption worldwide. Pests, diseases and climate change hamper sustainable production of bananas. New breeding tools with increased crossbreeding efficiency are being investigated to breed for resistant, high yielding hybrids of East African Highland banana (EAHB). These include genomic selection (GS), which will benefit breeding through increased genetic gain per unit time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578216/barriers-to-access-to-education-for-young-people-with-epilepsy-in-northern-tanzania-a-qualitative-interview-and-focus-group-study-involving-teachers-parents-and-young-people-with-epilepsy
#20
Charlotte Quereshi, Holly C Standing, Amina Swai, Ewan Hunter, Richard Walker, Stephen Owens
OBJECTIVE: Educational outcomes for young people with epilepsy (YPE) in Hai District, Tanzania, are poor, as is commonly observed elsewhere in Sub-Saharan Africa. The reasons for this finding are not well understood, though stigma arising from supernatural concepts of epilepsy is frequently cited as a barrier to YPE accessing education. In this study, we aimed to explore the reasons why many YPE in Tanzania experience poor access to education, and elicit ways in which education could be improved for YPE according to teachers, parents and YPE...
July 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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