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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509591/current-practice-constraints-in-the-uptake-and-use-of-intensive-upper-extremity-training-a-canadian-perspective
#1
Keiko Shikako-Thomas, Darcy Fehlings, Manon Germain, Andrew M Gordon, Doug Maynard, Annette Majnemer
BACKGROUND: Intensive upper extremity training (IUET) has demonstrated efficacy in clinical and functioning outcomes in children with hemiplegia. However, implementation in the clinical context requires novel service models and knowledge translation. AIMS: To map implementation of IUET in Canada, to identify factors associated with the implementation and best practices for implementation. METHODS: Mixed-methods design; descriptive statistics, chi-square tests...
May 16, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503675/costs-of-a-staff-communication-intervention-to-reduce-dementia-behaviors-in-nursing-home-care
#2
Kristine N Williams, Padmaja Ayyagari, Yelena Perkhounkova, Marjorie J Bott, Ruth Herman, Ann Bossen
CONTEXT: Persons with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias experience behavioral symptoms that frequently result in nursing home (NH) placement. Managing behavioral symptoms in the NH increases staff time required to complete care, and adds to staff stress and turnover, with estimated cost increases of 30%. The Changing Talk to Reduce Resistivenes to Dementia Care (CHAT) study found that an intervention that improved staff communication by reducing elderspeak led to reduced behavioral symptoms of dementia or resistiveness to care (RTC)...
2017: Journal of Nursing Home Research Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488981/a-survey-of-parents-with-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-experience-with-services-and-treatments
#3
Tracy A Becerra, Maria L Massolo, Vincent M Yau, Ashli A Owen-Smith, Frances L Lynch, Phillip M Crawford, Kathryn A Pearson, Magdalena E Pomichowski, Virginia P Quinn, Cathleen K Yoshida, Lisa A Croen
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders, and little is known about how parents address the health and psychosocial consequences of ASD. Few studies have examined use of various treatments and services in a large, diverse sample of children with ASD and their families. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents methods to create an autism research resource across multiple large health delivery systems and describes services and treatments used by children with ASD and their families...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486033/predictors-of-consent-in-a-randomized-field-study-in-child-welfare
#4
Tom McDonald, Jackie Bhattarai, Becci Akin
PURPOSE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are often viewed as the "gold standard" for proving the efficacy and effectiveness of new interventions. However, some are skeptical of the generalizability of the findings that RCTs produce. The characteristics of those willing to participate in research studies have the potential to affect the generalizability of its findings. This study examined factors that could influence consent among families recruited to participate in a randomized field trial in a real-world child welfare setting...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480126/the-life-process-of-children-who-survived-the-manjil-earthquake-a-decaying-or-renewing-process
#5
Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Sarieh Poortaghi
INTRODUCTION: Among earthquake survivors, children are more vulnerable than other age groups due to their exposure to harrowing scenes of devastation as well as their drastically new living situations that result from an earthquake disaster. The life process of children survivors undergoes many different changes that are affected by a wide range of factors. Understanding the life process of these children may lead to effective outcomes and interventions. In addition, observing children survivors establishes knowledge and understanding of the challenges that correspond with earthquake disasters...
April 4, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470086/a-reexamination-of-child-problem-behaviors-as-measured-by-ecbi-factor-structure-and-measurement-invariance-across-two-parent-training-interventions
#6
Silje S Hukkelberg
The Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) is a widely used instrument that assesses disruptive problem behaviors via parent report. The present study compares three different conceptualizations of problem behaviors using traditional confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), a bifactor-CFA, and a bifactor exploratory structural equation model, whereof the latter two represent novel conceptualizations of disruptive problem behaviors. Data were derived from 353 Norwegian parents assigned to parent management training-the Oregon model (PMTO; N = 137) or brief parent training (BPT; N = 216), who rated their child's problem behavior (age 3-12 years)...
May 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464299/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-the-managing-youth-trauma-effectively-program-for-substance-abusing-women-and-their-children
#7
Karin L Vanderzee, Sufna G John, Nicola Edge, Joy R Pemberton, Teresa L Kramer
This article provides a description of the development, implementation, and preliminary evaluation of feasibility and acceptability of the Managing Youth Trauma Effectively (MYTE) program and highlights perceptions of changes in mothers' trauma-informed parenting practices. The program consists of a training and consultation program for staff of the U.S. State of Arkansas' Specialized Women's Programs (SWS), and an 8-week, group psychoeducational program designed to help mothers with substance-abuse problems learn how traumatic experiences may affect their children and how they may help support their children by creating a safe and nurturing environment...
May 2, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449609/using-children-as-standardized-patients-in-osce-in-pediatric-occupational-therapy
#8
Chung-Pei Fu, Jiann-Horng Yeh, Chia-Ting Su, Chien-Hsiou Liu, Wan-Ying Chang, Yu-Lan Chen, Ai-Lun Yang, Chih-Chia Wang
BACKGROUND: Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) have been administered in physical and psychiatric occupational therapy (OT) education, but not in pediatric OT education. The objectives were to examine the satisfaction and the influences of OSCE in pediatric OT on all participants. METHODS: The OSCE contained evaluation, intervention, and parent education stations. Sixty examinees, 44 child standardized patients (SPs), 44 chaperones, three playroom managers, 14 OSCE assistants, and 15 examiners participated in the OSCE...
April 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433091/internet-delivered-parenting-program-for-prevention-and-early-intervention-of-anxiety-problems-in-young-children-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Amy J Morgan, Ronald M Rapee, Agus Salim, Nahal Goharpey, Elli Tamir, Lauren F McLellan, Jordana K Bayer
OBJECTIVE: The Cool Little Kids parenting group program is an effective intervention for preventing anxiety disorders in young children who are at risk because of inhibited temperament. The program has six group sessions delivered by trained psychologists to parents of 3- to 6-year-old children. An online adaptation (Cool Little Kids Online) has been developed to overcome barriers to its wide dissemination in the community. This study tested the efficacy of Cool Little Kids Online in a randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402017/asthma-education-for-school-staff
#10
REVIEW
Kayleigh M Kew, Robin Carr, Tim Donovan, Morris Gordon
BACKGROUND: Teachers and school staff should be competent in managing asthma in schools. Demonstrated low levels of asthma knowledge mean that staff may not know how best to protect a child with asthma in their care, or may fail to take appropriate action in the event of a serious attack. Education about asthma could help to improve this knowledge and lead to better asthma outcomes for children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of asthma education programmes for school staff, and to identify content and attributes underpinning them...
April 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377393/does-a-brief-behavioural-intervention-delivered-by-paediatricians-or-psychologists-improve-sleep-problems-for-children-with-adhd-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-translational-trial
#11
E Sciberras, M Mulraney, H Heussler, N Rinehart, T Schuster, L Gold, N Hayes, H Hiscock
INTRODUCTION: Up to 70% of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience sleep problems. We have demonstrated the efficacy of a brief behavioural intervention for children with ADHD in a large randomised controlled trial (RCT) and now aim to examine whether this intervention is effective in real-life clinical settings when delivered by paediatricians or psychologists. We will also assess the cost-effectiveness of the intervention. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Children aged 5-12 years with ADHD (n=320) are being recruited for this translational cluster RCT through paediatrician practices in Victoria and Queensland, Australia...
April 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366047/procedures-and-compliance-of-a-video-modeling-applied-behavior-analysis-intervention-for-brazilian-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#12
Leila F Bagaiolo, Jair de J Mari, Daniela Bordini, Tatiane C Ribeiro, Maria Carolina C Martone, Sheila C Caetano, Decio Brunoni, Helena Brentani, Cristiane S Paula
Video modeling using applied behavior analysis techniques is one of the most promising and cost-effective ways to improve social skills for parents with autism spectrum disorder children. The main objectives were: (1) To elaborate/describe videos to improve eye contact and joint attention, and to decrease disruptive behaviors of autism spectrum disorder children, (2) to describe a low-cost parental training intervention, and (3) to assess participant's compliance. This is a descriptive study of a clinical trial for autism spectrum disorder children...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350722/buccal-midazolam-compared-with-rectal-diazepam-reduces-seizure-duration-in-children-in-the-outpatient-setting
#13
Raffaella Moretti, Sebastien Julliand, Victoria Elisa Rinaldi, Luigi Titomanlio
BACKGROUND: Seizures are very common in children. They frequently happen in outpatient settings, in the presence of caregivers who are not always trained in their management. First-line rescue therapy is based on benzodiazepine, historically diazepam. Recent studies have investigated the use of other benzodiazepines in the treatment of acute seizures. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the management of pediatric seizures carried out by parents or caregivers in an outpatient setting and to evaluate the differences in terms of immediate management and subsequent outcome when comparing the use of rectal diazepam versus buccal midazolam...
March 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333531/randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-for-parents-of-children-with-asthma-or-eczema-effects-on-parenting-and-child-behavior
#14
Alina Morawska, Amy Mitchell, Scott Burgess, Jennifer Fraser
OBJECTIVE: Parents play an important role in children's illness management, in promoting child adjustment and reducing behavior problems. Little research has focused on the evaluation of parenting interventions in the context of childhood chronic illness. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of a brief, group parenting intervention (Healthy Living Triple P) in improving parenting skills and parent adjustment, and reducing child behavioral and emotional difficulties in the context of childhood asthma and eczema...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287871/partnering-with-parents-in-interprofessional-leadership-graduate-education-to-promote-family-professional-partnerships
#15
Lewis H Margolis, Kathryn Fahje Steber, Angela Rosenberg, Ann Palmer, Kathleen Rounds, Marlyn Wells
Evidence supports the benefits to families of relationships with professionals that build on the concept of partnership, but there are few studies in the literature of strategies involving joint education for parents and professionals to enhance the capacity of parents of children with special healthcare needs to be effective interprofessional partners. Since 2007, parents of children with special healthcare needs have participated alongside graduate students from five different profession-based training programmes in a structured interprofessional leadership programme...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256696/-current-state-of-the-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-approach-in-neuropediatrics
#16
E Cardo, G Ros-Cervera, J Eiris-Punal, C Escofet-Soteras, A Fernandez-Jaen, F Mulas, R Sanchez-Carpintero, A Sans, Grupo de Trabajo de Tdah de la Sociedad Espanola de Neurologia Pediatrica Grupo de Trabajo de Tdah de la Sociedad Espanola de Neurologia Pediatrica
AIM: To know the current state of the approach of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in neuropediatricians. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A telematic survey was carried out to collect preliminary information on the interest, difficulties in the management and treatment of ADHD to the 437 fellowship of the Neuropediactric Spanish Society (SENEP). RESULTS: Only 32.49% of the sent questionnaires were answered, with important geographic variability...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255760/autism-goes-to-college-understanding-the-needs-of-a-student-population-on-the-rise
#17
Rebecca Elias, Susan W White
Understanding the needs of adolescents and emerging adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with respect to transition to postsecondary education is critical to development of user-informed transition programming. Parents of adolescents and emerging adults with ASD (n = 52) and ADHD (n = 47) completed an online survey. Social interaction training and independent living training were services frequently requested by parents in the ASD group. Additionally, parents of postsecondary students with ASD endorsed distinct challenges with self-advocacy, managing emotions, and managing personal/adaptive skills relative to postsecondary students with ADHD...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247409/mindfulness-and-parenting-distress-among-parents-of-children-with-disabilities-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to determine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for management of parenting distress in parents of children with disabilities. DESIGN: A narrative review was conducted. A search protocol was conducted using Google Scholar, EBSCO, Pubmed, CINAHL, Ovid, and PsycINFO databases up to September 1, 2016. RESULTS: Interventions used a variety of approaches to implement mindfulness training, including MBIs and combined mindfulness and other interventions...
March 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202001/factors-affecting-the-implementation-of-childhood-vaccination-communication-strategies-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#19
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Glory Eteng, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: The role of health communication in vaccination programmes cannot be overemphasized: it has contributed significantly to creating and sustaining demand for vaccination services and improving vaccination coverage. In Nigeria, numerous communication approaches have been deployed but these interventions are not without challenges. We therefore aimed to explore factors affecting the delivery of vaccination communication in Nigeria. METHODS: We used a qualitative approach and conducted the study in two states: Bauchi and Cross River States in northern and southern Nigeria respectively...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195675/-it-goes-against-the-grain-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-parents-administering-distressing-health-care-procedures-for-their-child-at-home
#20
Gemma Spiers, Bryony Beresford
BACKGROUND: Parents caring for children with complex and long-term conditions at home take on responsibility for technical health-care procedures that may cause their child distress. Little evidence exists about parents' experience of this specific aspect of their caring role. AIMS: To explore and understand parents' experiences of administering distressing health-care procedures as part of caring for their child at home. DESIGN: An explorative qualitative study...
February 14, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
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