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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202001/factors-affecting-the-implementation-of-childhood-vaccination-communication-strategies-in-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#1
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Glory Eteng, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: The role of health communication in vaccination programmes cannot be overemphasized: it has contributed significantly to creating and sustaining demand for vaccination services and improving vaccination coverage. In Nigeria, numerous communication approaches have been deployed but these interventions are not without challenges. We therefore aimed to explore factors affecting the delivery of vaccination communication in Nigeria. METHODS: We used a qualitative approach and conducted the study in two states: Bauchi and Cross River States in northern and southern Nigeria respectively...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195675/-it-goes-against-the-grain-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-parents-administering-distressing-health-care-procedures-for-their-child-at-home
#2
Gemma Spiers, Bryony Beresford
BACKGROUND: Parents caring for children with complex and long-term conditions at home take on responsibility for technical health-care procedures that may cause their child distress. Little evidence exists about parents' experience of this specific aspect of their caring role. AIMS: To explore and understand parents' experiences of administering distressing health-care procedures as part of caring for their child at home. DESIGN: An explorative qualitative study...
February 14, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190946/effects-of-pmto-in-foster-families-with-children-with-behavior-problems-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Anne M Maaskant, Floor B van Rooij, Geertjan J Overbeek, Frans J Oort, Maureen Arntz, Jo M A Hermanns
The present randomized controlled trial examined the effectiveness of Parent Management Training Oregon for foster parents with foster children (aged 4-12) with severe externalizing behavior problems in long-term foster care arrangements. Foster children's behavior problems are challenging for foster parents and increase the risk of placement breakdown. There is little evidence for the effectiveness of established interventions to improve child and parent functioning in foster families. The goal of Parent Management Training Oregon, a relatively long and intensive (6-9 months, with weekly sessions) parent management training, is to reduce children's problem behavior through improvement of parenting practices...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181041/neurobiological-stress-responses-predict-aggression-in-boys-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder-a-1-year-follow-up-intervention-study
#4
Jantiene Schoorl, Sophie van Rijn, Minet de Wied, Stephanie H M van Goozen, Hanna Swaab
To improve outcome for children with antisocial and aggressive behavior, it is important to know which individual characteristics contribute to reductions in problem behavior. The predictive value of a parent training (Parent Management Training Oregon; PMTO), parenting practices (monitoring, discipline, and punishment), and child neurobiological function (heart rate, cortisol) on the course of aggression was investigated. 64 boys with oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder (8-12 years) participated; parents of 22 boys took part in PMTO...
February 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148255/training-nurses-in-task-shifting-strategies-for-the-management-and-control-of-hypertension-in-ghana-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Joyce Gyamfi, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Juliet Iwelunmor, Debbie Lee, Sarah R Blackstone, Alicia Mitchell, Michael Ntim, Kingsley Apusiga, Bamidele Tayo, Kwasi Yeboah-Awudzi, Richard Cooper, Gbenga Ogedegbe
BACKGROUND: Nurses in Ghana play a vital role in the delivery of primary health care at both the household and community level. However, there is lack of information on task shifting the management and control of hypertension to community health nurses in low- and middle-income countries including Ghana. The purpose of this study was to assess nurses' knowledge and practice of hypertension management and control pre- and post-training utilizing task-shifting strategies for hypertension control in Ghana (TASSH)...
February 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132042/-reasons-and-consequences-of-somatoform-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
M Khundadze, N Geladze, R Mkheidze, N Khachapuridze, S Bakhtadze
The aim of our study was to find the reason of various forms of somatoform disorders (phobias, behavioral disorders, insomnia, tics, stuttering, enuresis, encopresis) in children and adolescents of various social status for diagnosis and treatment. We have examined 202 patients who referred to our clinic from 2012-2016. The age range was 2-18 years. After examination we have concluded the following recommendations: - to implement neuropsychological rehabilitation in order to stimulate mental development; - to work with speech therapist to improvement the speech; - to work individually with psychotherapist to improve the behavior; - to train the parent to manage the behavior at home; - to give the personal card containing information about exercises, games and puzzles to stimulate the development and in some cases to give individual educational program; - to give separate information to parents and in some cases to teachers of kindergartens and schools...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131070/health-education-on-diabetes-and-other-non-communicable-diseases-imparted-to-teachers-shows-a-cascading-effect-a-study-from-southern-india
#7
Sundaram Selvam, Narayanasamy Murugesan, Chamukuttan Snehalatha, Arun Nanditha, Arun Raghavan, Mary Simon, Priscilla Susairaj, Ambady Ramachandran
AIMS: The aims were to assess effect of a short training programme on non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly diabetes on school teachers and also on students who were in turn educated by them. Lifestyle changes made by both groups were assessed 6months later. METHODS: Graduate teachers (n=1017) from 2 districts in Tamilnadu, India were trained using audio visual aids in batches of 100, on healthy lifestyle practices, prevention and management of diabetes...
January 17, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127171/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-dental-surgeons-in-managing-child-patients
#8
Aisha Wali, Talha Mufeed Siddiqui, Rabia Khan, Kanza Batool
: The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental surgeons in the city of Karachi providing treatment to pediatric patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of dental surgeons in the city of Karachi providing treatment to pediatric patients. A cluster-sampling technique was used and 200 dental surgeons from six different dental institutions were selected. A self-constructed questionnaire was distributed to the dental surgeons that comprised 20 closed-ended questions...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124508/the-wayfinding-experience-of-family-carers-who-learn-to-manage-technical-health-procedures-at-home-a-grounded-theory-study
#9
Janet McDonald, Eileen McKinlay, Sally Keeling, William Levack
BACKGROUND: With more care taking place in the home, family carers play an important role in supporting patients. Some family carers undertake technical health procedures generally managed by health professionals in hospital settings (e.g. managing a tracheostomy or enteral feeding). AIM: To explore how family carers learn to manage technical health procedures in order to help health professionals better understand and support this process. DESIGN AND METHODS: A grounded theory study using data from interviews with 26 New Zealand family carers who managed technical health procedures including nasogastric or gastrostomy feeding, stoma care, urinary catheterisation, tracheostomy management, intravenous therapy, diabetes management and complex wound dressings...
January 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117135/sleep-regulation-physiology-and-development-sleep-duration-and-patterns-and-sleep-hygiene-in-infants-toddlers-and-preschool-age-children
#10
Eleanor Bathory, Suzy Tomopoulos
Sleep problems are common, reported by a quarter of parents with children under the age of 5 years, and have been associated with poor behavior, worse school performance, and obesity, in addition to negative secondary effects on maternal and family well-being. Yet, it has been shown that pediatricians do not adequately address sleep in routine well-child visits, and underdiagnose sleep issues. Pediatricians receive little formal training in medical school or in residency regarding sleep medicine. An understanding of the physiology of sleep is critical to a pediatrician׳s ability to effectively and confidently counsel patients about sleep...
January 20, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112591/adolescents-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-get-smart-an-analysis-of-a-novel-web-based-intervention
#11
Lynn Babcock, Brad G Kurowski, Nanhua Zhang, Judith W Dexheimer, Jenna Dyas, Shari L Wade
BACKGROUND: There have been few trials of interventions to facilitate recovery following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in adolescence. To address this gap, we developed and piloted a novel Web-based intervention, entitled Self-Management Activity Restriction and Relaxation Training (SMART), and examined its impact on symptom burden, functional disability, and executive functioning during the month following mTBI in adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Open-label, single arm study...
January 23, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095117/parents-asthma-information-needs-and-preferences-for-school-based-asthma-support
#12
Noha Abdullah Al Aloola, Lisa Nissen, Huda Abdullaziz Alewairdhi, Nawaf Al Faryan, Bandana Saini
Objectives This study sought to investigate parents' needs and preferences for school-based asthma support in Saudi Arabian primary schools. Methods Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted in the period between November 2015 and February 2016, with a convenience sample that comprised Saudi parents and carers of children with asthma. Recruitment of participants was primarily driven through Saudi primary schools; passive snowballing and social networks were used to boost participation rates further...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088557/meta-analysis-of-organizational-skills-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Aida Bikic, Brian Reichow, Spencer A McCauley, Karim Ibrahim, Denis G Sukhodolsky
BACKGROUND: In addition to problems with attention and hyperactivity, children with ADHD present with poor organizational skills required for managing time and materials in academic projects. Organizational skills training (OST) has been increasingly used to address these deficits. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of OST in children with ADHD. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to systematically review the evidence of the effects of OST for children with ADHD for organizational skills, attention, and academic performance...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077151/multi-strategic-intervention-to-enhance-implementation-of-healthy-canteen-policy-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole Nathan, Lisa M Janssen, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Tessa Delaney, Christopher M Williams, Colin Bell, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Libby Campbell, Christophe Lecathelinais, Chris Oldmeadow, Megan Freund, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: Internationally, governments have implemented school-based nutrition policies to restrict the availability of unhealthy foods from sale. The aim of the trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multi-strategic intervention to increase implementation of a state-wide healthy canteen policy. The impact of the intervention on the energy, total fat, and sodium of children's canteen purchases and on schools' canteen revenue was also assessed. METHODS: Australian primary schools with a canteen were randomised to receive a 12-14-month, multi-strategic intervention or to a no intervention control group...
January 11, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062427/novel-sleep-management-method-in-a-toddler-displaying-fear-and-trauma-the-boss-of-my-sleep-book
#15
Sarah Blunden
Sleep problems in toddlers occur in ∼40% of children and increase the likelihood of postnatal depression. Most sleep training in toddlers requires contact with a trained professional, and requires a parent to ignore their child's cries, causing distress to many children and parents, increasing attrition and leaving families untreated and at risk. This case study reports success in significantly ameliorating sleep reluctance and bedtime fears in a sleep disturbed toddler with a history of trauma. It uses a novel use of bedtime behaviour management with some positive reinforcement techniques, called the Boss of My Sleep book: a non-cry, online (thus readily and cheaply available without a trained professional) sleep intervention...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058517/variation-in-response-to-evidence-based-group-preventive-intervention-for-disruptive-behavior-problems-a-view-from-938-coping-power-sessions
#16
John E Lochman, Thomas J Dishion, Caroline L Boxmeyer, Nicole P Powell, Lixin Qu
Prior research suggests that under some conditions, interventions that aggregate high-risk youth may be less effective, or at worse, iatrogenic. However, group formats have considerable practical utility for delivery of preventive interventions, and thus it is crucial to understand child and therapist factors that predict which aggressive children can profit from group intervention and which do not. To address these questions we video-recorded group Coping Power intervention sessions (938 sessions), coded both leader and participant behavior, and analyzed both leader and children's behaviors in the sessions that predicted changes in teacher and parent, reports of problem behavior at 1-year follow up...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052801/factors-that-determine-parents-perception-of-their-child-s-risk-of-life-threatening-food-induced-anaphylaxis
#17
Jennifer Ogg, Jayne Wong, Ming Wai Wan, Naomi Davis, Peter D Arkwright
BACKGROUND: Although food allergy is known to be associated with increased disease burden, factors that shape parents' perception of their child's risk of future severe or fatal anaphylaxis are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate factors associated with parents' perceived risk of food-induced anaphylaxis. METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey of 202 parents was conducted in a single specialist center outpatient clinic that treats children with food allergies...
January 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051335/managing-the-training-load-in-adolescent-athletes
#18
Andrew Murray
While historically adolescents were removed from their parents to prepare to become warriors, this process repeats itself in modern times but with the outcome being athletic performance. This review considers the process of developing athletes and managing load against the backdrop of differing approaches of conserving and maximizing the talent available. It acknowledges the typical training 'dose' that adolescent athletes receive across a number of sports and the typical 'response' when it is excessive or not managed appropriately...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045288/examining-the-impact-of-differential-cultural-adaptation-with-latina-o-immigrants-exposed-to-adapted-parent-training-interventions
#19
J Rubén Parra-Cardona, Deborah Bybee, Cris M Sullivan, Melanie M Domenech Rodríguez, Brian Dates, Lisa Tams, Guillermo Bernal
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of empirical studies aimed at examining the impact of differential cultural adaptation of evidence-based clinical and prevention interventions. This prevention study consisted of a randomized controlled trial aimed at comparing the impact of 2 differentially culturally adapted versions of the evidence-based parenting intervention known as Parent Management Training, the Oregon Model (PMTOR). METHOD: The sample consisted of 103 Latina/o immigrant families (190 individual parents)...
January 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010731/a-survey-of-facilitators-and-barriers-to-recruitment-to-the-magnetic-trial
#20
Geetinder Kaur, Rosalind L Smyth, Colin V E Powell, Paula Williamson
BACKGROUND: Recruitment to randomised controlled trials with children is challenging. It is imperative to understand the factors that boost or hinder recruitment of children to clinical trials. We conducted a survey of facilitators and barriers to recruitment to the MAGNETIC trial, using a previously developed web-based tool. METHODS: MAGNETIC is a multicentre randomised trial of nebulised magnesium in acute severe asthma, recruiting 508 children from 30 UK sites...
December 23, 2016: Trials
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