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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128739/childbirth-and-parenting-preparation-in-antenatal-classes
#1
M Barimani, K Forslund Frykedal, M Rosander, A Berlin
OBJECTIVES: to describe topics (1) presented by midwives' during antenatal classes and the amount of time spent on these topics and (2) raised and discussed by first-time parents and the amount of time spent on these topics. DESIGN: qualitative; data were gathered using video or tape recordings and analysed using a three-pronged content analysis approach, i.e., conventional, summative, and directed analyses. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 3 antenatal courses in 2 antenatal units in a large Swedish city; 3 midwives; and 34 course participants...
October 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127227/protocol-for-hospital-based-surveillance-of-cerebral-palsy-cp-in-hanoi-using-the-paediatric-active-enhanced-disease-surveillance-mechanism-paeds-vietnam-a-study-towards-developing-hospital-based-disease-surveillance-in-vietnam
#2
Gulam Khandaker, Nguyen Van Bang, Trịnh Quang Dũng, Nguyen Thi Huong Giang, Cao Minh Chau, Nguyen Thi Van Anh, Nguyen Van Thuong, Nadia Badawi, Elizabeth J Elliott
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiology, pathogenesis, management and outcomes of cerebral palsy (CP) in low-income and middle-income countries including Vietnam are unknown because of the lack of mechanisms for standardised collection of data. In this paper, we outline the protocol for developing a hospital-based surveillance system modelled on the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) system in Australia. Using PAEDS-Vietnam we will define the aetiology, motor function and its severity, associated impairments, and nutritional and rehabilitation status of children with CP in Hanoi, Vietnam...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120152/first-aid-management-in-emergency-care-of-dental-injuries-%C3%A2-knowledge-among-teachers-in-rijeka-croatia
#3
Danko Bakarčić, Sandra Hrvatin, Mia Maroević, Nataša Ivančić Jokić
The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude regarding emergency treatment of dental trauma among elementary school teachers in the city of Rijeka, Croatia. A total of 144 teachers answered a four-part questionnaire which comprised questions regarding demographic data, role and responsibility at the working place, knowledge about dental trauma, and motivation for further education on the topic. Nearly half of the participants (47.2%) reported having seen at least one dental trauma in their professional careers...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119009/parents-perceptions-of-reasons-for-excess-weight-loss-in-obese-children-a-peer-researcher-approach
#4
Fiona Gillison, Geraldine Cooney, Valerie Woolhouse, Angie Davies, Fiona Dickens, Penny Marno
Background: This study reports on the process of conducting participatory research by training peer researchers to conduct interviews and analyse data collected with parents of overweight children. The methodology was chosen as a means of (a) encouraging participation among a hard-to-engage group (i.e., parents of overweight children), and (b) generating novel insights and challenging academic/health professional assumptions through the involvement of parents in the interpretation of findings...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115764/development-of-a-clinical-transition-pathway-for-adolescents-in-the-netherlands
#5
Margot Walter, Johanna Mw Hazes, Radboud Jem Dolhain, Philomine van Pelt, Annette van Dijk, Sylvia Kamphuis
AIMS: To explore how young people with juvenile-onset rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (jRMDs) and their parent(s) experience care during preparation for the upcoming transfer to adult services, and to develop a clinical transition pathway. METHOD: A survey was conducted with 32 young people aged between 14 and 20 years with jRMDs, and their parents ( n =33), treated at the department of paediatric rheumatology in a tertiary care children's hospital in the Netherlands...
November 7, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110907/what-is-the-impact-of-professional-nursing-on-patients-outcomes-globally-an-overview-of-research-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Samantha Coster, Mary Watkins, Ian J Norman
BACKGROUND: Nursing is an integral part of all healthcare services, and has the potential of having a wide and enduring impact on health outcomes for a global ageing population. Over time nurses have developed new roles and assumed greater responsibilities. It is increasingly important to demonstrate the safety and overall impact of nurses' practice through research, to support the case for greater investment and development of nursing services around the world. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of existing research evidence on the impact of nursing on patient outcomes, identify gaps in evidence, and point to future priorities for global research...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096775/randomized-clinical-trial-of-online-parent-training-for-behavior-problems-after-early-brain-injury
#7
Shari L Wade, Amy E Cassedy, Emily L Shultz, Huaiyu Zang, Nanhua Zhang, Michael W Kirkwood, Terry Stancin, Keith O Yeates, H Gerry Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of Internet-based Interacting Together Everyday: Recovery After Childhood TBI (I-InTERACT) versus abbreviated parent training (Express) or access to online resources (internet resources comparison [IRC]) in improving parenting skills and decreasing behavior problems after early traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: In this randomized, controlled, clinical trial, 113 children 3 to 9 years old previously hospitalized for moderate to severe TBI were randomly assigned to receive Express (n = 36), I-InTERACT (n = 39), or IRC (n = 38)...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095814/proband-only-medical-exome-sequencing-as-a-cost-effective-first-tier-genetic-diagnostic-test-for-patients-without-prior-molecular-tests-and-clinical-diagnosis-in-a-developing-country-the-china-experience
#8
Xuyun Hu, Niu Li, Yufei Xu, Guoqiang Li, Tingting Yu, Ru-En Yao, Lijun Fu, Jiwen Wang, Lei Yin, Yong Yin, Ying Wang, Xingming Jin, Xiumin Wang, Jian Wang, Yiping Shen
PurposeTo evaluate the performance of proband-only medical exome sequencing (POMES) as a cost-effective first-tier diagnostic test for pediatric patients with unselected conditions.MethodsA total of 1,323 patients were tested by POMES, which targeted 2,742 known disease-causing genes. Clinical relevant variants were Sanger-confirmed in probands and parents. We assessed the diagnostic validity and clinical utility of POMES by means of a survey questionnaire.ResultsPOMES, ordered by 136 physicians, identified 512 pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants associated with over 200 conditions...
November 2, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091965/emergency-obstetric-and-newborn-care-signal-functions-in-public-and-private-facilities-in-bangladesh
#9
Lumbini Roy, Taposh Kumar Biswas, Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: Signal functions for emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC) are the major interventions for averting maternal and neonatal mortalities. Readiness of the facilities is essential to provide all the basic and comprehensive signal functions for EmONC to ensure emergency services from the designated facilities. The study assessed population coverage and availability of EmONC services in public and private facilities in Bangladesh. METHODS: An assessment was conducted in all the public and private facilities providing obstetric care in to in-patients 24 districts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083031/practitioner-review-definition-recognition-and-treatment-challenges-of-irritability-in-young-people
#10
REVIEW
Argyris Stringaris, Pablo Vidal-Ribas, Melissa A Brotman, Ellen Leibenluft
BACKGROUND: Irritability is one of the most common reasons for referral to child and adolescent mental health services and is the main characteristic of the new diagnosis of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD). However, the recognition and management of irritability presents a major challenge in clinical practice and may be partly responsible for the dramatic increase in antipsychotic prescribing in recent years. METHODS: In this review, we provide up-to-date information on the definition and mechanisms underlying irritability, and its assessment in clinical practice...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077996/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-preschool-children-in-foster-care-the-influence-of-placement-and-foster-family-environment
#11
Mira Vasileva, Franz Petermann
Children in foster care often experience traumatic events which increase their risk for posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Until now, no research has investigated the developmentally sensitive PTSS criteria for preschoolers among children in foster care. The current study estimated the prevalence of potentially traumatic experiences and clinical PTSS in German foster care children aged 3 to 7 years. The foster parents of 324 children completed questionnaires about children's PTSS, foster parental stress, parenting, and family functioning...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061327/receipt-of-medication-and-behavioral-therapy-among-a-national-sample-of-school-aged-children-diagnosed-with-adhd
#12
Morgan Walls, Caitlin Allen, Howard Cabral, Lewis E Kazis, Megan Bair-Merritt
Objective In 2011, the American Academy of Pediatrics published practice guidelines for ADHD, recommending both medication and behavioral therapy for school-aged children. The current study examines associations between child/family characteristics and ADHD medication, behavioral, and combined therapy. Methods This study used data from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome, a nationally-representative follow-up survey to the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health...
October 20, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057254/learning-to-drive-safely-reasonable-expectations-and-future-directions-for-the-learner-period
#13
Bruce Simons-Morton, Johnathon P Ehsani
The young driver problem is typified by high crash rates early in licensure that decline with experience, but are higher initially and decline more slowly for the youngest novices. Despite considerable effort, only Graduated Driver Licensing System (GDLS) policies have been shown to improve novice young driver safety outcomes. Unfortunately, GDLS policies are mostly limited to countries with a relatively young licensure age. Meanwhile, it is not entirely clear how GDLS and other young driver transportation safety efforts, including driver training and testing, supervised practice and parental management of young drivers, can best be configured...
December 2016: Safety (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056978/screening-for-disruptive-behaviour-problems-in-preschool-children-in-primary-health-care-settings
#14
Alice Charach, John D McLennan, Stacey Ageranioti Bélanger, Mary Kay Nixon
Disruptive behaviour problems in preschool children are significant risk factors for, and potential components of, neurodevelopmental and mental health disorders. Some non-compliance, temper tantrums and aggression between two and five years of age are normal and transient. However, problematic levels of disruptive behaviour, specifically when accompanied by functional impairment and/or significant distress, should be identified because early intervention can improve outcome trajectories. This position statement provides an approach to early identification using clinical screening at periodic health examinations, followed by a systematic mental health examination that includes standardized measures...
2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048506/the-comfort-ability-pain-management-workshop-a-preliminary-nonrandomized-investigation-of-a-brief-cognitive-biobehavioral-and-parent-training-intervention-for-pediatric-chronic-pain
#15
Rachael Coakley, Tessa Wihak, Joe Kossowsky, Christina Iversen, Carolina Donado
Objective: Psychological intervention is widely recognized as an integral part of the recovery process from pediatric chronic pain, but service acquisition is often limited by resource barriers. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and satisfaction of a brief, structured, skills-based, group intervention designed expressly to address gaps in service delivery. Exploratory outcomes were also assessed. Method: Adolescents with chronic pain (n = 102; ages 10-17 years) and their mothers (n = 105) completed self-report questionnaires at baseline, 1-week, 1-month, and 3-month posttreatment...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022125/parent-stress-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-atomoxetine-and-parent-training-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Luc Lecavalier, Xueliang Pan, Tristram Smith, Benjamin L Handen, L Eugene Arnold, Laura Silverman, Rameshwari V Tumuluru, Jill Hollway, Michael G Aman
We previously reported a 2 × 2 randomized clinical trial of atomoxetine (ATX) and parent training (PT) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and behavioral noncompliance in 128 children with autism spectrum disorder, ages 5-14 years. Children were randomized to one of four conditions: ATX alone, placebo alone, ATX + PT, or PT + placebo. Both ATX and PT improved some indices of ADHD and behavioral compliance. In this report, we describe parent stress over time and across conditions...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979086/family-resources-and-effects-on-child-behavior-problem-interventions-a-cumulative-risk-approach
#17
Truls Tømmerås, John Kjøbli
Family resources have been associated with health care inequality in general and with social gradients in treatment outcomes for children with behavior problems. However, there is limited evidence concerning cumulative risk-the accumulation of social and economic disadvantages in a family-and whether cumulative risk moderates the outcomes of evidence-based parent training interventions. We used data from two randomized controlled trials evaluating high-intensity (n = 137) and low-intensity (n = 216) versions of Parent Management Training-Oregon (PMTO) with a 50:50 allocation between participants receiving PMTO interventions or regular care...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956183/effectiveness-of-time-related-interventions-in-children-with-adhd-aged-9-15%C3%A2-years-a-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Birgitta Wennberg, Gunnel Janeslätt, Anette Kjellberg, Per A Gustafsson
Specific problems with time and timing that affect daily routines, homework, school work, and social relations have been recognized in children with ADHD. The primary treatments for children with ADHD do not specifically focus on time-related difficulties. The aim of this randomized controlled study (RCT) was to investigate how multimodal interventions, consisting of training in time-processing ability (TPA) and compensation with time-assistive devices (TAD), affect TPA and daily time management (DTM) in children with ADHD and time difficulties, compared with only educational intervention...
September 27, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919147/pediatric-resident-training-in-prepubertal-vulvar-conditions
#19
Monica W Rosen, Veronica I Alaniz, Emily K Kobernik, Stephanie Booms, Yolanda R Smith, Elisabeth H Quint
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess pediatric resident training in diagnosing and managing prepubertal gynecologic conditions. DESIGN: Voluntary 32-question survey e-mailed to participants. SETTING: E-mail contact through the American Academy of Pediatrics listserv. PARTICIPANTS: Seven thousand seventy-five US pediatrics and combined internal medicine-pediatric residents. INTERVENTIONS: Descriptive analysis including χ(2) tests was performed on survey results...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879629/feasibility-of-coping-effectiveness-training-for-caregivers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-genetic-counseling-intervention
#20
Christy Haakonsen Smith, Erin Turbitt, John Muschelli, Lori Leonard, Katie L Lewis, Brian Freedman, Michelle Muratori, Barbara B Biesecker
Caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may find it difficult to feel a sense of control and to cope with the overall physical and emotional demands of caring for their child. While caregivers are able to successfully cope with a high level of stress, there are limits to their resources and abilities to cope over time. Genetic counselors working with affected families may be able to help parents more effectively manage stress related to the disorder. Few short-term interventions have been reported in genetic counseling yet implementation of evidence-based examples may be achievable...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
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