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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614761/associations-of-phthalates-exposure-with-attention-deficits-hyperactivity-disorder-a-case-control-study-among-chinese-children
#1
Dan Hu, Yi-Xin Wang, Wen-Jing Chen, Yu Zhang, Hong-Hui Li, Li Xiong, Hui-Ping Zhu, Hong-Yan Chen, Song-Xu Peng, Zhi-Hua Wan, Yan Zhang, Yu-Kai Du
Researches on associations between phthalates exposure and child attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are inconsistent. This study aimed to evaluate the associations of urinary phthalates with ADHD, co-occurring oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), related symptoms and behavior problems among Chinese children. We enrolled 225 ADHD cases and 225 healthy controls aged 6-13 years old in Liuzhou, China. Each child provided repeated urine samples at 4 visits. Eight phthalate metabolites were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry...
June 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607641/lessons-learned-from-the-study-of-masturbation-and-its-comorbidity-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-the-first-analytic-study
#2
Ashraf Tashakori, Atefeh Safavi, Sorour Neamatpour
BACKGROUND: The main source of information about children's masturbation is more on the basis of case reports. Due to the lack of consistent and accurate information. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine prevalence and underlying factors of masturbation and its comorbidity with psychiatric disorders in children. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, among the children referred to the Pediatrics Clinic of Psychiatric Ward, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Southwest Iran, 98 children were selected by convenience sampling in 2014...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593598/brief-report-macrocephaly-phenotype-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-a-clinical-sample-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#3
Lilia Albores-Gallo, Laura Fritsche-García, Arturo Pabel Miranda-Aguirre, Montserrat Avila-Acosta
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may present with macrocephaly. Few studies have analyzed the association with psychiatric comorbidity. Participants were 94 children with any ASD with an age range from 2 to 16 years (Mdn 6 years), 82% were boys. It was found that 20% of the sample had macrocephaly and 1% microcephaly. There was no association between the presence of macrocephaly and subtype of ASD. The most associated comorbidity was attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) 54.2%, followed by specific phobia 34%, dysthimia 29...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585740/comparing-trauma-exposure-mental-health-needs-and-service-utilization-across-clinical-samples-of-refugee-immigrant-and-u-s-origin-children
#4
Theresa S Betancourt, Elizabeth A Newnham, Dina Birman, Robert Lee, B Heidi Ellis, Christopher M Layne
Most mental health services for trauma-exposed children and adolescents were not originally developed for refugees. Information is needed to help clinicians design services to address the consequences of trauma in refugee populations. We compared trauma exposure, psychological distress, and mental health service utilization among children and adolescents of refugee-origin, immigrant-origin, and U.S.-origin referred for assessment and treatment by U.S. providers in the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578671/serious-child-and-adolescent-behaviour-disorders-a-valuation-study-by-professionals-youth-and-parents
#5
Karin M Vermeulen, Daniëlle E M C Jansen, Erik Buskens, Erik J Knorth, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: In child and youth care, quantitative estimates of the impact of serious behaviour problems have not yet been made. Such input is needed to support decision making on investments in treatment. The aim of this paper was to elicit valuations of social and conduct disorders in children and adolescents from three different perspectives: professionals, youth, and parents. METHODS: We obtained valuations from 25 youth care professionals, 50 children (age 9-10) without serious behaviour problems and 36 adolescents (age 16-17) with and without serious behaviour disorders, and 46 parents with children in the aforementioned age categories...
June 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577607/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-preschool-age-children
#6
REVIEW
Mini Tandon, Alba Pergjika
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder marked by age-inappropriate deficits in attention or hyperactivity/impulsivity that interfere with functioning or development. It is highly correlated with other disorders, such as oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, and mood symptoms. The etiology is multifactorial, and neuroimaging findings are nonspecific. Although assessment tools exist, there is variability among them, and historically, parent-teacher agreement has not been consistent...
July 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577605/disruptive-behavior-disorders-in-children-0-to-6%C3%A2-years-old
#7
REVIEW
Mini Tandon, Andrea Giedinghagen
Disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs), specifically oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder, are common, serious, and treatable conditions among preschoolers. DBDs are marked by frequent aggression, deceitfulness, and defiance, and often persist through the lifespan. Exposure to harsh or inconsistent parenting, as frequently seen with parental depression and stress, increases DBD risk. Candidate genes that may increase DBD risk in the presence of childhood adversity have also been identified, but more research is needed...
July 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573761/sex-differences-in-the-associations-between-vagal-reactivity-and-oppositional-defiant-disorder-symptoms
#8
Pablo Vidal-Ribas, Andrew Pickles, Florin Tibu, Helen Sharp, Jonathan Hill
BACKGROUND: Vagal reactivity to stress in children has been associated with future psychiatric outcomes. However, results have been mixed possibly because these effects are in opposite direction in boys and girls. These sex differences are relevant in the context of development of psychopathology, whereby the rates of psychiatric disorders differ by sex. In this study, we aimed to examine the association between vagal reactivity, assessed as a reduction in respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in response to a challenge, and the development of future oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in boys and girls...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572731/understanding-the-associations-between-psychosocial-factors-and-severity-of-crime-in-juvenile-delinquency-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Sarper Taşkıran, Tuba Mutluer, Ali Evren Tufan, Bengi Semerci
PURPOSE: Juvenile delinquency is a serious and common problem. To date, several studies have focused on possible psychosocial risk factors for delinquency among youths and on the implications of childhood mental illness on child criminality. However, the literature on prevalence of psychopathology and predictors of crime severity among delinquent youths in Turkey is sparse. Therefore, the aim of this study was to show the associations between crime severity and psychosocial factors such as gender, age, criminal history, concomitant attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other comorbid psychiatric conditions, along with behavioral problem domains of Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555716/trajectories-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-dimensions-in-adults
#10
R G Karam, D L Rovaris, V Breda, F A Picon, M M Victor, C A I Salgado, E S Vitola, N R Mota, K L Silva, M Meller, L A Rohde, E H Grevet, C H D Bau
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of available information on the trajectories of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) dimensions during adulthood. This study investigates the course and the predictors of change for each ADHD domain in a clinical sample of adults with ADHD. METHOD: Adults with ADHD (n = 344) were followed up for 7 years, with a final retention rate of 66.0%. Trajectories of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity and their potential predictors were examined...
May 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527021/comorbidity-prevalence-and-treatment-outcome-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#11
Laura Reale, Beatrice Bartoli, Massimo Cartabia, Michele Zanetti, Maria Antonella Costantino, Maria Paola Canevini, Cristiano Termine, Maurizio Bonati
Although ADHD comorbidity has been widely studied, some issues remain unsolved. This multicenter observational study aims to examine comorbid psychiatric disorders in a clinical sample of newly diagnosed, treatment naïve children and adolescents with and without ADHD and, to compare treatment efficacy based on the type of comorbidity. We performed an analysis of the medical records of patients identified from the Regional ADHD Registry database, enrolled in 18 ADHD centers in the 2011-2016 period. 1919 of 2861 subjects evaluated (67%) met the diagnostic criteria for ADHD: 650 (34%) had only ADHD, while 1269 (66%) had at least one comorbid psychiatric disorder (learning disorders, 56%; sleep disorders, 23%; oppositional defiant disorder, 20%; anxiety disorders, 12%)...
May 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521251/the-protective-effect-of-character-maturity-in-child-aggressive-antisocial-behavior
#12
Nóra Kerekes, Örjan Falk, Sven Brändström, Henrik Anckarsäter, Maria Råstam, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Childhood aggressive antisocial behavior (CD) is one of the strongest predictors of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe personality profiles in children with CD, and to determine the strength of association between defined neurodevelopmental symptoms, dimensions of character maturity and CD. METHODS: A sample of 1886 children with a close to equal distribution of age (9 or 12) and gender, enriched for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems were selected from the nationwide Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden...
July 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521112/prevalence-of-externalizing-disorders-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Shannon Lange, Jürgen Rehm, Evdokia Anagnostou, Svetlana Popova
Due to their central nervous system impairments, children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) commonly exhibit externalizing behaviours such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or delinquency. The purpose of the current study was to estimate the prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders with prominent externalizing behaviours, namely Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder (CD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), as well as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) among children with FASD...
May 18, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#14
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493653/technology-assisted-parent-training-programs-for-children-and-adolescents-with-disruptive-behaviors-a-systematic-review
#15
Amit Baumel, Aditya Pawar, Nandita Mathur, John M Kane, Christoph U Correll
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review digitally assisted parent training programs (DPTs) targeting the treatment of children and adolescents with disruptive behaviors. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted using PubMed, PsycINFO, and EMBASE databases for peer-reviewed studies published between January 1, 2000, and March 1, 2016. Reference lists of included and review articles were searched manually for additional references. STUDY SELECTION: Broad search terms in varying combinations for parent, training, technologies, and disruptive behavior problems were used...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481576/evaluation-of-a-four-item-dsm-5-limited-prosocial-emotions-specifier-scale-within-and-across-settings-with-spanish-children
#16
Raquel Seijas, Mateu Servera, Gloria García-Banda, Christopher T Barry, G Leonard Burns
The objective was to evaluate a 4-item measure of the DSM-5 Limited Prosocial Emotions (LPE) specifier (a 4-item measure of prosocial emotions). Mothers, fathers, primary teachers, and ancillary teachers completed measures of prosocial emotions (PE), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-inattention (IN), ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), academic and social impairment on 811 Spanish first-grade children (46% girls). Confirmatory factor and structural regression analyses showed PE symptom scores to have (a) good reliability for the 4 sources (80% to 89% true score variance), (b) invariance of like-symptom loadings and intercepts across the 4 sources, (c) strong convergent and discriminant validity within home and school settings, (d) no convergent validity across settings, and (e) associations with academic and social impairment independent of the ODD dimension (the unique effects of PE also remained significant after controlling for ODD, ADHD-IN, and ADHD-HI for mothers and ancillary teachers)...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470086/a-reexamination-of-child-problem-behaviors-as-measured-by-ecbi-factor-structure-and-measurement-invariance-across-two-parent-training-interventions
#17
Silje S Hukkelberg
The Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) is a widely used instrument that assesses disruptive problem behaviors via parent report. The present study compares three different conceptualizations of problem behaviors using traditional confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), a bifactor-CFA, and a bifactor exploratory structural equation model, whereof the latter two represent novel conceptualizations of disruptive problem behaviors. Data were derived from 353 Norwegian parents assigned to parent management training-the Oregon model (PMTO; N = 137) or brief parent training (BPT; N = 216), who rated their child's problem behavior (age 3-12 years)...
May 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468644/self-injury-and-externalizing-pathology-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
Gergely Meszaros, Lili Olga Horvath, Judit Balazs
BACKGROUND: During the last decade there is a growing scientific interest in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The aim of the current paper was to review systematically the literature with a special focus on the associations between self-injurious behaviours and externalizing psychopathology. An additional aim was to review terminology and measurements of self-injurious behaviour and the connection between self-injurious behaviours and suicide in the included publications. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted on 31st December 2016 in five databases (PubMed, OVID Medline, OVID PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science) with two categories of search terms (1...
May 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461697/exocytosis-related-genes-and-response-to-methylphenidate-treatment-in-adults-with-adhd
#19
B S da Silva, R B Cupertino, D L Rovaris, J B Schuch, D B Kappel, D Müller, C E Bandeira, M M Victor, R G Karam, N R Mota, L A Rohde, V Contini, E H Grevet, C H D Bau
Experimental studies have demonstrated that methylphenidate (MPH) modulates the synaptic vesicle trafficking and synaptotagmin-1 (SytI) mRNA levels. SytI is a regulatory protein of the SNARE complex, a neurotransmitter exocytosis mediator. Despite this evidence, most SNARE complex-related genes have never been evaluated in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) pharmacogenetics. This study evaluates, for we believe the first time, polymorphisms on the SNARE complex-related genes STX1A (rs2228607), VAMP2 (26bp Ins/Del) and SYT1 (rs1880867 and rs2251214) on the response to immediate-release methylphenidate (IR-MPH) in a naturalistic sample of adults with ADHD...
May 2, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449235/psychometric-properties-of-the-mental-health-and-social-inadaptation-assessment-for-adolescents-mia-in-a-population-based-sample
#20
Sylvana M Côté, Massimiliano Orri, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Michel Boivin, Christa Japel, Jean R Séguin, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Alexandra Rouquette, Bruno Falissard, Richard E Tremblay
We report on the psychometric properties of the Mental Health and Social Inadaptation Assessment for Adolescents (MIA), a self-report instrument for quantifying the frequency of mental health and psychosocial adaptation problems using a dimensional approach and based on the DSM-5. The instrument includes 113 questions, takes 20-25 minutes to answer, and covers the past 12 months. A population-based cohort of adolescents (n = 1443, age = 15 years; 48% males) rated the frequency at which they experienced symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Depression, Generalized Anxiety, Social Phobia, Eating Disorders (i...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
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