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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210827/medical-conditions-and-demographic-service-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-atypical-antipsychotic-medication-use-among-children-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Johanna K Lake, Danica Denton, Yona Lunsky, Amy M Shui, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele, Evdokia Anagnostou
This study aimed to describe rates of antipsychotic medication use and the association between their use and demographics, clinical variables, and the use of behavioral/education services among children with ASD. For children with ASD ages 2-11 (n = 4749) and those 12-17 (n = 401), 5.4 and 17.7% were prescribed at least one atypical antipsychotic medication respectively. In the multivariable model of young children, older age, use of multiple psychotropic medications, prior ASD diagnosis, non-white Hispanic race/ethnicity, and oppositional defiant problems were associated with antipsychotic use...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196992/subtyping-of-alcohol-dependence-in-indian-males-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#2
Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu, Abhishek Ghosh, Madhu Khullar, Neeraj Kakkar
OBJECTIVES: Two cluster solutions for the subtyping of alcohol dependence (AD) was investigated in an Indian male population. Subtypes were compared for various personality traits and childhood externalizing disorders. They were also compared with respect to single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of various candidate genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a clinic-based study conducted among 202 patients with AD. All patients were assessed with SSAGA-II for comorbid antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and childhood conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192774/irritability-in-child-and-adolescent-psychopathology-an-integrative-review-for-icd-11
#3
REVIEW
Spencer C Evans, Jeffrey D Burke, Michael C Roberts, Paula J Fite, John E Lochman, Francisco R de la Peña, Geoffrey M Reed
In preparation for the World Health Organization's development of the Eleventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) chapter on Mental and Behavioral Disorders, this article reviews the literature pertaining to severe irritability in child and adolescent psychopathology. First, research on severe mood dysregulation suggests that youth with irritability and temper outbursts, among other features of hyperactivity and arousal, demonstrate cross-sectional correlates and developmental outcomes that distinguish them from youth with bipolar disorder...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181041/neurobiological-stress-responses-predict-aggression-in-boys-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder-a-1-year-follow-up-intervention-study
#4
Jantiene Schoorl, Sophie van Rijn, Minet de Wied, Stephanie H M van Goozen, Hanna Swaab
To improve outcome for children with antisocial and aggressive behavior, it is important to know which individual characteristics contribute to reductions in problem behavior. The predictive value of a parent training (Parent Management Training Oregon; PMTO), parenting practices (monitoring, discipline, and punishment), and child neurobiological function (heart rate, cortisol) on the course of aggression was investigated. 64 boys with oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder (8-12 years) participated; parents of 22 boys took part in PMTO...
February 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168530/influence-of-disruptive-behavior-disorders-on-academic-performance-and-school-functions-of-youths-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Chao-Yu Liu, Wei-Lieh Huang, Wei-Chih Kao, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) are associated with negative school outcomes. The study aimed to examine the impact of ADHD and ODD/CD on various school functions. 395 youths with ADHD (244 with ADHD + ODD/CD and 151 with ADHD only) and 156 controls received semi-structured psychiatric interviews. School functions were assessed and compared between each group with a multiple-level model. The results showed that youths with ADHD had poorer performance across different domains of school functioning...
February 6, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151019/cbt-enhanced-emotion-regulation-as-a-mechanism-of-improvement-for-childhood-irritability
#6
Olivia J Derella, Oliver G Johnston, Rolf Loeber, Jeffrey D Burke
Research supports the clinical importance of childhood irritability, as well as its developmental implications for later anxiety and depression. Appropriate treatment may prevent this progression; however, little evidence exists to guide clinician decision making regarding treatment for chronic irritability symptoms. Given the empirical support for irritability as a dimension of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), behavioral interventions that improve ODD symptoms, especially through emotion regulation training, are strong candidates for identifying effective treatment strategies for irritability...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145747/longitudinal-associations-between-externalizing-problems-and-symptoms-of-depression-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Christine Blain-Arcaro, Tracy Vaillancourt
The longitudinal links between symptoms of externalizing difficulties-oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD)-and symptoms of depression are unclear. Therefore, we were interested in examining the temporal relation of symptoms of ODD, CD, and depression across 7 years in a sample of 643 10-year-old children (M = 10.91, SD = 0.36) at Time 1 using cross-lagged path analysis. Although symptoms of ODD predicted depressive symptoms across most time points and CD at Time 1 negatively predicted depressive symptoms at Time 3, evidence of the inverse relation was also found for both ODD and CD...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130000/replicated-association-of-synaptotagmin-syt1-with-adhd-and-its-broader-influence-in-externalizing-behaviors
#8
Renata Basso Cupertino, Jaqueline Bohrer Schuch, Cibele Edom Bandeira, Bruna Santos da Silva, Diego Luiz Rovaris, Djenifer B Kappel, Verônica Contini, Angélica Salatino-Oliveira, Eduardo Schneider Vitola, Rafael Gomes Karam, Mara Helena Hutz, Luis Augusto Rohde, Eugenio Horacio Grevet, Claiton Henrique Dotto Bau, Nina Roth Mota
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder, affecting both children and adults. The Soluble N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor Attachment REceptors (SNARE) complex has been implicated in ADHD pathophysiology since it is a key component of neurotransmitter release events and neurodevelopment processes, and SNPs in this complex have been associated with ADHD. Here we aim to analyze the effects of SNARE complex variants on ADHD susceptibility and its clinical heterogeneity in affected adults...
January 24, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116741/comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-with-nocturnal-enuresis
#9
Shahrokh Amiri, Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani, Roghayeh Naghinezhad, Sara Farhang, Salman Abdi
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted with the aim of identifying the frequency of comorbid psychiatricdisorders in children and adolescents with nocturnal enuresis (NE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, 183 children and adolescents aged 5-18 years withNE referred to psychiatric clinics at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were selected in 2015. A structuredclinical diagnostic interview, the kiddie-schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia (K-SADS), was employedbased on the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR) for the diagnosis of NEand comorbid psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080145/neuropsychological-predictors-of-odd-symptom-dimensions-in-young-children
#10
Shayl F Griffith, David H Arnold, Benjamin Rolon-Arroyo, Elizabeth A Harvey
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a commonly diagnosed childhood behavior disorder, yet knowledge of relations between ODD and early neuropsychological functions, particularly independent of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is still limited. In addition, studies have not examined neuropsychological functioning as it relates to the different ODD symptom dimensions. Structural equation modeling was used to investigate how preschool neuropsychological functioning predicted negative affect, oppositional behavior, and antagonistic behavior symptom dimensions of ODD in 224 six-year-old children, oversampled for early behavior problems...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064560/patterns-and-predictors-of-service-utilization-among-youth-with-adhd-predominantly-inattentive-presentation
#11
Matthew R Capriotti, Linda J Pfiffner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined rates and predictors of educational and mental health service utilization among youth with ADHD-predominantly inattentive presentation (ADHD-I). METHOD: Participants were 199 children with ADHD-I in Grades 2 to 5. Parents reported past-year child service utilization. Parents and teachers rated child ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom severity and functional impairment. Children completed an academic achievement test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059443/oppositional-defiant-disorder-dimensions-genetic-influences-and-risk-for-later-psychopathology
#12
Amy J Mikolajewski, Jeanette Taylor, William G Iacono
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to determine how well two oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) dimensions (irritable and headstrong/hurtful) assessed in childhood predict late adolescent psychopathology and the degree to which these outcomes can be attributed to genetic influences shared with ODD dimensions. METHODS: Psychopathology was assessed via diagnostic interviews of 1,225 twin pairs at ages 11 and 17. RESULTS: Consistent with hypotheses, the irritable dimension uniquely predicted overall internalizing problems, whereas the headstrong/hurtful dimension uniquely predicted substance use disorder symptoms...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053283/co-morbidity-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-clinical-study-from-india
#13
P Jacob, S Srinath, S Girimaji, S Seshadri, J V Sagar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities in children and adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatry centre. METHODS: A total of 63 children and adolescents who were diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and fulfilled the inclusion criteria were comprehensively assessed for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049026/memory-consolidation-of-socially-relevant-stimuli-during-sleep-in-healthy-children-and-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-oppositional-defiant-disorder-what-you-can-see-in-their-eyes
#14
Alexander Prehn-Kristensen, Ina Molzow, Alexandra Förster, Nadine Siebenhühner, Maxime Gesch, Christian D Wiesner, Lioba Baving
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display deficits in sleep-dependent memory consolidation, and being comorbid with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), results in deficits in face processing. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of sleep in recognizing faces in children with ADHD+ODD. Sixteen healthy children and 16 children diagnosed with ADHD+ODD participated in a sleep and a wake condition. During encoding (sleep condition at 8p.m.; wake condition at 8a.m...
December 31, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043239/longitudinal-synergies-between-cortisol-reactivity-and-diurnal-testosterone-and-antisocial-behavior-in-young-adolescents
#15
Elizabeth J Susman, Melissa K Peckins, Jacey L Bowes, Lorah D Dorn
The aims were to identify the correspondence between simultaneous, longitudinal changes in cortisol reactivity and diurnal testosterone and to test the hypothesis that cortisol reactivity and diurnal testosterone interact so as to influence antisocial behavior. Participants were 135 children and young adolescents assessed at 6-month intervals over 1 year. Upon enrollment girls were age 8, 10, or 12 years (N = 69, M = 10.06 years) and boys were age 9, 11, or 13 years (N = 66, M = 10.94 years). Assessments included Tanner staging by a nurse, cortisol reactivity (Trier Social Stress Test for Children), diurnal testosterone, and interviews and questionnaires...
January 3, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042190/respiratory-sinus-arrhythmia-and-heart-period-in-infancy-as-correlates-of-later-oppositional-defiant-and-callous-unemotional-behaviors
#16
Nicholas J Wagner, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Michael T Willoughby, Cathi B Propper, Peter D Rehder, Noa Gueron-Sela
Extant literature suggests that oppositional defiant (ODD) and callous-unemotional (CU) behaviors in childhood and adolescence are associated with distinct patterns of psychophysiological functioning and that individual differences in these patterns have implications for developmental pathways to disorder. Very little is known about the associations between psychophysiological functioning in infancy and later ODD and CU behaviors. This study examined associations between basal autonomic nervous system (ANS) functioning in infancy and ODD and CU behaviors in later childhood...
January 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030746/association-of-fluid-intelligence-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-population-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#17
Katherine M Keyes, Jonathan Platt, Alan S Kaufman, Katie A McLaughlin
Importance: Despite long-standing interest in the association of psychiatric disorders with intelligence, few population-based studies of psychiatric disorders have assessed intelligence. Objective: To investigate the association of fluid intelligence with past-year and lifetime psychiatric disorders, disorder age at onset, and disorder severity in a nationally representative sample of US adolescents. Design, Setting, and Participants: National sample of adolescents ascertained from schools and households from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement, collected 2001 through 2004...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993255/-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-mental-disorders-in-colombian-child-population-the-2015-national-mental-health-survey
#18
Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Javier Aulí, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Fabián Gil, Daniel Garzón, Germán Casas
INTRODUCTION: The 2015 National Mental Health Survey aimed to expand our knowledge about the real mental state of children in Colombia, taking into account the fact that most mental disorders in adults begin during childhood or adolescence. It is essential to have an improved knowledge of the magnitude of this issue and to design timely interventions that reduce long term complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of the disorders in the last 12 months and 30 days according to the DSM-IV, as well as to collect data about social and demographic variables...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977232/interpersonal-callousness-and-co-occurring-anxiety-developmental-validity-of-an-adolescent-taxonomy
#19
Alan J Meehan, Barbara Maughan, Charlotte A M Cecil, Edward D Barker
Growing evidence suggests heterogeneity within interpersonal-callous (IC) youth based on co-occurring anxiety. The developmental validity of this proposed taxonomy remains unclear however, as most previous research is cross-sectional and/or limited to adolescence. We aimed to identify low-anxiety (IC/ANX-) and high-anxiety (IC/ANX+) IC variants, and compare these groups on (a) early risk exposures, (b) psychiatric symptoms from midchildhood to early adolescence, and (c) school-based functioning. Using the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), a prospective epidemiological birth cohort, model-based cluster analysis was performed on children with complete age-13 IC and anxiety scores (n = 6,791)...
February 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965873/using-mobile-health-technology-to-improve-behavioral-skill-implementation-through-homework-in-evidence-based-parenting-intervention-for-disruptive-behavior-disorders-in-youth-study-protocol-for-intervention-development-and-evaluation
#20
Anil Chacko, Andrew Isham, Andrew F Cleek, Mary M McKay
BACKGROUND: Disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) (oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD)) are prevalent, costly, and oftentimes chronic psychiatric disorders of childhood. Evidence-based interventions that focus on assisting parents to utilize effective skills to modify children's problematic behaviors are first-line interventions for the treatment of DBDs. Although efficacious, the effects of these interventions are often attenuated by poor implementation of the skills learned during treatment by parents, often referred to as between-session homework...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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