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oppositional defiant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774515/eating-disorder-or-oesophageal-achalasia-during-adolescence-diagnostic-difficulties
#1
REVIEW
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752662/executive-attention-and-empathy-related-responses-in-boys-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-or-conduct-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-anxiety-disorder
#2
Jarla Pijper, Minet de Wied, Sophie van Rijn, Stephanie van Goozen, Hanna Swaab, Wim Meeus
This is a first study that investigated the relationships between executive attention-as an important aspect of emotion regulation-and state empathy and sympathy in ODD/CD boys with (N = 31) and without (N = 18) comorbid anxiety disorder (7-12 years). Empathic reactions were evoked using three sadness-inducing film clips. One clip was highly evocative involving a bear cub losing his mother, whilst two other clips were mildly evocative involving children in common childhood situations. Self-reports of empathy and sympathy were collected and executive attention was assessed with a performance task...
May 11, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730721/comparing-the-dsm-5-construct-of-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-icd-10-mixed-disorder-of-emotion-and-conduct-in-the-uk-longitudinal-assessment-of-manic-symptoms-uk-lams-study
#3
I Sagar-Ouriaghli, G Milavic, R Barton, N Heaney, F Fiori, K Lievesley, J Singh, Paramala Santosh
It is important to understand new diagnostic entities in classifications of psychopathology such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) (code F34.8) construct of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) and to compare it with possible equivalent disorders in other classificatory systems such as the International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10), which has a category that superficially appears similar, that is, Mixed Disorder of Emotion and Conduct (MDEC) (code F92)...
May 5, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716536/dopamine-d2-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-externalizing-behaviors-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
Osmar Henrique Della Torre, Lúcia Arisaka Paes, Taciane Barbosa Henriques, Maricilda Palandi de Mello, Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler Celeri, Paulo Dalgalarrondo, Gil Guerra-Júnior, Amilton Dos Santos-Júnior
BACKGROUND: Dopamine is involved in several cerebral physiological processes, and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) have been associated with numerous neurological and mental disorders, including those involving alterations in cognitive and emotional processes. METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the SNPs c.957C > T (rs6277) and c.-585A > G (rs1799978) in the DRD2 gene and behavioral characteristics of children and adolescents based on an inventory of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714502/trajectories-of-global-self-worth-in-adolescents-with-adhd-associations-with-academic-emotional-and-social-outcomes
#5
Melissa R Dvorsky, Joshua M Langberg, Stephen P Becker, Steven W Evans
Resilience models suggest that there are likely to be multiple trajectories of self-worth and that despite experiencing impairment, some youth with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may maintain a positive self-worth, which could buffer them against negative outcomes. The present study used a cohort-sequential longitudinal design to evaluate developmental trajectories of global self-worth in a sample of 324 middle-school-age adolescents (71% male) diagnosed with ADHD between ages 11 and 14 in predicting outcomes at age 15...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704147/associations-between-marijuana-use-trajectories-and-educational-and-occupational-success-in-young-adulthood
#6
Kara Thompson, Bonnie Leadbeater, Megan Ames, Gabriel J Merrin
Adolescence and young adulthood is a critical stage when the economic foundations for life-long health are established. To date, there is little consensus as to whether marijuana use is associated with poor educational and occupational success in adulthood. We investigated associations between trajectories of marijuana use from ages 15 to 28 and multiple indicators of economic well-being in young adulthood including achievement levels (i.e., educational attainment and occupational prestige), work characteristics (i...
April 28, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703717/fifty-years-of-preventing-and-treating-childhood-behaviour-disorders-a-systematic-review-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#7
REVIEW
Charlotte Waddell, Christine Schwartz, Caitlyn Andres, Jenny Lou Barican, Donna Yung
QUESTION: Oppositional defiant and conduct disorders (ODD and CD) start early and persist, incurring high individual and collective costs. To inform policy and practice, we therefore asked: What is the best available research evidence on preventing and treating these disorders? STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS: We sought randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions addressing the prevention or treatment of behaviour problems in individuals aged 18 years or younger...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701615/simulated-driving-performance-self-reported-driving-behaviors-and-mental-health-symptoms-in-adolescent-novice-drivers
#8
Catherine C McDonald, Marilyn S Sommers, Jamison D Fargo, Thomas Seacrist, Thomas Power
BACKGROUND: Risky driving behaviors contribute to adolescent injury, disability, and death, yet little is known about how mental health factors are associated with adolescent driving behaviors. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to determine the association of risky driving behaviors and mental health symptoms in novice adolescent drivers. METHODS: We recruited a convenience sample (n = 60) of adolescents to complete an assessment of driving performance errors in a high-fidelity simulator (Simulated Driving Assessment [SDA] Error Score) and a self-report measure of risky driving (Behavior of Young Novice Drivers Survey [BYNDS])...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659017/experiences-of-physical-and-relational-victimization-in-children-with-adhd-the-role-of-social-problems-and-aggression
#9
Julia D McQuade, Nicole L Breslend, Destin Groff
The social risk factors for physical and relational peer victimization were examined within a mixed-gender sample of children with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 124 children (ages 8-12 years; 48% boys), with 47% exhibiting sub-clinical or clinical elevations in ADHD symptoms. ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom counts were assessed based on parent- and teacher-reports; parents rated children's social problems and teachers rated children's use of physical and relational aggression and experiences of physical and relational victimization...
April 16, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608131/do-patients-with-different-psychiatric-disorders-show-altered-social-decision-making-a-systematic-review-of-ultimatum-game-experiments-in-clinical-populations
#10
Barbara Hinterbuchinger, Alexander Kaltenboeck, Josef Severin Baumgartner, Nilufar Mossaheb, Fabian Friedrich
BACKGROUND: Impairments in social functioning are a common feature of psychiatric disorders. Game paradigms pose a unique way for studying how people make decisions in interpersonal contexts. In the last decade, researchers have started to use these paradigms to study social decision-making in patients with psychiatric disorders. PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic literature review is to summarise the currently available evidence on the behaviour of patients with psychiatric disorders in the commonly used Ultimatum Game (UG)...
April 2, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604524/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-intermittent-explosive-disorder-in-turkish-psychiatric-outpatients
#11
Volkan Gelegen, Lut Tamam
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent explosive disorder (IED) is defined as the failure to resist aggressive impulses resulting in repeated acts of verbal and/or physical aggression. Although it is frequently encountered in clinical psychiatric practice, there is a paucity of data concerning IED in the scientific literature both internationally and in Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of IED and associated sociodemographic and clinical features in a clinical setting. METHODS: A total of 406 patients who were referred to our psychiatry outpatient clinic for the first time in a six-month period were included in the study...
March 18, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594368/efficacy-of-individualized-social-competence-training-for-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorders-conduct-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-an-active-control-group
#12
Anja Goertz-Dorten, Christina Benesch, Emel Berk-Pawlitzek, Martin Faber, Christopher Hautmann, Martin Hellmich, Timo Lindenschmidt, Lioba Schuh, Rahel Stadermann, Manfred Doepfner
Patient-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy in children with aggressive behavior, which uses group-based social skills training, has resulted in significant reductions in behavioral problems, with effect sizes in the small-to-medium range. However, effects of individually delivered treatments and effects on aggressive behavior and comorbid conditions rated from different perspectives, child functional impairment, child quality of life, parent-child relationship, and parental psychopathology have rarely been assessed...
March 28, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588050/sustained-effects-of-collaborative-school-home-intervention-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-impairment
#13
Linda J Pfiffner, Mary E Rooney, Yuanyuan Jiang, Lauren M Haack, Allyson Beaulieu, Keith McBurnett
OBJECTIVES: The Collaborative Life Skills (CLS) program is a school-home intervention for students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and impairment. CLS integrates school, parent, and student treatments followed by booster sessions during a maintenance period into the subsequent school year. The program is delivered by school-based mental health providers. Beneficial post-treatment effects have been documented. This study evaluated the effects of CLS after the maintenance period in the subsequent school year...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580701/facial-emotion-recognition-in-children-with-or-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-impact-of-comorbidity
#14
J Maire, C Galera, S Roux, S Bioulac, M Bouvard, G Michel
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess facial emotion recognition deficit in children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and to test the hypothesis that it is increased by comorbid features. METHOD: Forty children diagnosed with ADHD were compared with 40 typically developing children, all aged from 7 to 11years old, on a computerized facial emotion recognition task (based on the Pictures of Facial Affect). Data from parents' ratings of ADHD and comorbid symptoms (on the Conners' Revised Parent Rating Scale) were also collected...
March 23, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578799/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-relation-between-family-functioning-and-preschool-adhd-symptoms
#15
Rosanna P Breaux, Elizabeth A Harvey
The present study examined the bidirectional relation between family functioning and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms across the preschool years. Participants included 197 (110 boys) 3-year-old children (M = 44.14 months, SD = 3.43; 60% White) with and without behavior problems and their parents who took part in a 3-year longitudinal study. Parenting, parent psychopathology, life stress, and child symptoms were assessed annually from ages 3 to 6. Cross-lagged models provided evidence for both parent and child effects for mothers...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576412/oppositional-behavior-and-longitudinal-predictions-of-early-adulthood-mental-health-problems-in-chronic-tic-disorders
#16
Marie-Claude G Thériault, Jean-Cyprien Bécue, Paul Lespérance, Sylvain Chouinard, Guy A Rouleau, Francois Richer
Chronic tic disorders (TD) are associated with a number of psychological problems such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive behavior (OCB), oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD) as well as anxious and depressive symptoms. ODD is often considered a risk factor for many psychological symptoms and recent work suggests that different ODD dimensions show independent predictions of later psychological problems. This study examined the longitudinal predictions between ODD dimensions of Irritability and Defiance and the most frequent comorbidities in TD from childhood to early adulthood...
March 16, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569801/anterior-insula-hyperactivation-in-adhd-when-faced-with-distracting-negative-stimuli
#17
Nora C Vetter, Judith Buse, Lea L Backhausen, Katya Rubia, Michael N Smolka, Veit Roessner
Patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from poor emotion regulation that might arise from problems in the distribution of attentional resources when confronted with emotional distractors. Previous studies investigating the neurocognitive basis of these problems remain inconclusive. Moreover, most of these studies did not exclude participants with comorbidity, particularly of conduct or oppositional defiant disorder. The aim of this study was to assess alterations in fronto-limbic activation in ADHD adolescents specifically during negative distractors in an emotional attention task...
March 23, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553294/evaluation-of-the-interplay-between-homework-motivation-and-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-youth-with-adhd-associations-with-homework-performance
#18
Zoe R Smith, Rosanna P Breaux, Cathrin D Green, Joshua M Langberg
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated which Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) factors (i.e., Slow, Sleepy, Daydreamer) are most strongly associated with homework motivation, and whether homework motivation mediates the path between SCT and academic impairment. METHOD: Participants were 285 middle school students (boys 209) in Grades 6 to 8 (ages 10-15 years) who were comprehensively diagnosed with ADHD. RESULTS: Parent- and self-report of SCT Slow behaviors predicted homework motivation above and beyond symptoms of ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), anxiety, depression, and intelligence...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550610/pregnancy-risk-factors-in-relation-to-oppositional-defiant-and-conduct-disorder-symptoms-in-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#19
I Hyun Ruisch, Jan K Buitelaar, Jeffrey C Glennon, Pieter J Hoekstra, Andrea Dietrich
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy factors have been implicated in offspring oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) symptoms. Literature still holds notable limitations, such as studying only a restricted set of pregnancy factors, use of screening questionnaires which assess broadly defined outcome measures, and lack of control for disruptive behavior comorbidity and genetic confounds. We aimed to address these gaps by prospectively studying a broad range of pregnancy factors in relation to both offspring ODD and CD symptomatology in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parent and Children...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543891/a-serious-game-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-who-benefits-the-most
#20
Kim C M Bul, Lisa L Doove, Ingmar H A Franken, Saskia Van der Oord, Pamela M Kato, Athanasios Maras
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to identify which subgroups of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) benefitted the most from playing a Serious Game (SG) intervention shown in a randomized trial to improve behavioral outcomes. METHOD: Pre-intervention characteristics [i.e., gender, age, intellectual level of functioning, medication use, computer experience, ADHD subtype, severity of inattention problems, severity of hyperactivity/impulsivity problems, comorbid Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) and Conduct Disorder (CD) symptoms] were explored as potential moderators in a Virtual Twins (VT) analysis to identify subgroups for whom the SG intervention was most effective...
2018: PloS One
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