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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636116/curriculum-content-and-assessment-of-pre-clinical-dental-skills-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-education-in-europe
#1
J Field, S Stone, C Orsini, A Hussain, S Vital, A Crothers, D Walmsley
INTRODUCTION: Since 1981, the qualifications for various healthcare professionals across the European Union have enjoyed mutual recognition in accordance with the EU Directive 81/1057/EEC. Whilst the directive includes dental practitioners, it is recognised that significant variation exists in curriculum structure, content and scope of practice across institutions. This article aimed to explore pan-European practice in relation to curriculum content, teaching and learning strategies and assessment of pre-clinical dental skills...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630689/why-language-matters-a-tour-through-hand-hygiene-literature
#2
Daniela Pires, Ermira Tartari, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Didier Pittet
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene has evolved over the last decades and many terminologies emerged. We aimed to analyse the evolution in the frequency of utilization of key hand hygiene terms in the literature along the years. METHODS: We identified keywords and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) used in MEDLINE® indexation related to hand hygiene by searching international guidelines and the MeSH database. We performed a MEDLINE® search combining the selected keywords and MeSH and analysed the number of publications retrieved yearly...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611864/entamoeba-histolytica-infection-in-female-sex-workers-a-matched-case-control-study-in-durango-mexico
#3
Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Luis Francisco Sanchez-Anguiano, Jesus Hernandez-Tinoco, Sergio Estrada-Martinez, Alma Rosa Perez-Alamos, Agar Ramos-Nevarez, Sandra Margarita Cerrillo-Soto, Carlos Alberto Guido-Arreola
BACKGROUND: Infection with Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica) can be potentially transmitted by sexual contact. The seroepidemiology of E. histolytica in female sex workers has not been studied. The aim of the study was to determine whether E. histolytica is associated with the occupation of female sex work. In addition, the correlates of E. histolytica seroprevalence in female sex workers were also investigated. METHODS: We performed an age- and gender-matched case-control study of 187 female sex workers and 374 women without sex work...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601124/impact-of-short-term-nutritional-supplementation-on-surrogate-markers-of-undernutrition-in-hemodialysis-patients-prospective-real-life-interventional-study
#4
Andreja Ocepek, Sebastjan Bevc, Robert Ekart
INTRODUCTION: Hemodialysis (HD) patients are at increased risk for undernutrition, especially protein wasting. We present the results of a prospective study in HD patients after 4 months of intervention with oral nutritional supplements (ONS). METHODS: After a 3-month wash-out period, 92 HD patients were enrolled in the study. Patients were tested for undernutrition with composite parameters, laboratory tests, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), and hand-grip strength test (HGS)...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599726/-hygiene-and-care-when-the-wedding-ring-becomes-nosocomial
#5
REVIEW
Agnès Martin
In the care setting, hand washing constitutes an essential measure for preventing hand-transmitted infections. Best practices also recommend the principle of zero jewellery. Not so easy to implement, especially when it comes to the removal of wedding rings. A nurse shares her thoughts on this sensitive issue regarding the safety of care.
June 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597930/infection-control-guidelines-for-optometrists-2016
#6
Ka-Yee Lian, Genevieve Napper, Fiona J Stapleton, Patricia M Kiely
BACKGROUND: This paper provides an updated version of the paper: Infection control guidelines for optometrists 2007. METHODS: Information from peer-reviewed journal articles, guidelines from professional societies, and government health department and other websites and instructions from equipment manufacturers were considered in determining infection risk factors in optometric practice. They were used to revise the recommendations on disinfection, sterilisation and reprocessing procedures for instrumentation and other equipment used in optometric practice as well as personal infection control measures to be undertaken by staff...
June 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597863/perinatal-care-practices-in-home-deliveries-in-rural-bangalore-india-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#7
N Ramakrishna Reddy, C T Sreeramareddy
Background A slowing in the decline in neonatal mortality in India has hindered progress made in reducing overall child mortality. The persisting use of unsafe home deliveries and harmful neonatal care practices may contribute to this stagnation in neonatal mortality rates. Methods A community-based cross-sectional study of mothers residing in rural Bangalore, India, who had given birth within 42 days of the day of home visit was done during 2013-2014. Trained health workers interviewed women who delivered at home about perinatal care practices...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595132/functionality-based-method-for-simultaneous-isolation-of-rodent-hepatic-sinusoidal-cells
#8
L Stradiot, S Verhulst, T Roosens, C I Øie, I M Moya, G Halder, I Mannaerts, L A van Grunsven
Chronic liver disease is the result of long term exposure to viruses or toxins such as alcohol, fat and drugs, and forms the basis for the development of liver fibrosis and primary liver cancer. In vitro and in vivo models are key to study the pathways involved in chronic liver disease and for the development of therapeutics. 3D co-culture systems are becoming the in vitro standard, which requires freshly isolated primary hepatic cells. We developed a novel isolation method to simultaneously isolate liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs), Kupffer cells (KCs) and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs)...
September 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592985/child-feeding-practices-and-diarrheal-disease-among-children-less-than-two-years-of-age-of-the-nomadic-people-in-hadaleala-district-afar-region-northeast-ethiopia
#9
Zemichael Gizaw, Wondwoson Woldu, Bikes Destaw Bitew
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is a serious public health problem in Ethiopia. It is responsible for 24-30% of all infant deaths and there is a lack of evidence on the health burdens among the nomadic people. This study was therefore designed to assess the prevalence of diarrhea among children less thanvtwo year's of age and its association with feeding practices among the nomadic people in Hadaleala district, northeast Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hadaleala district...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592138/the-effects-of-perceived-social-norms-on-handwashing-behaviour-in-students
#10
Rachel Dickie, Susan Rasmussen, Rachel Cain, Lynn Williams, William MacKay
Handwashing is widely considered the most effective method of preventing the spread of infectious illness. Exploring the determinants of handwashing is vital to the development of interventions to increase this behaviour. A survey based on Social Norms Theory assessed handwashing frequency and perceptions of peer handwashing in 255 university students. Participants reported their own handwashing frequency, and how often they thought their peers washed their hands in particular circumstances, to determine whether misperceptions around handwashing exist, and whether these influence the behaviour of individuals...
June 7, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587248/understanding-the-challenges-of-improving-sanitation-and-hygiene-outcomes-in-a-community-based-intervention-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-tanzania
#11
Joseph Kihika Kamara, Moses Galukande, Florence Maeda, Sam Luboga, Andre M N Renzaho
Good sanitation and clean water are basic human rights yet they remain elusive to many rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We carried out a cross sectional study to examine the impact of a four-year intervention aimed at improving access to water and sanitation and reducing waterborne disease, especially diarrhea in children under five years old. The study was carried out in April and May 2015 in Busangi, Chela and Ntobo wards of Kahama District of Tanzania. The interventions included education campaigns and improved water supply, and sanitation...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584754/occupational-dermatoses-among-cottage-industry-workers-of-kashmir-valley-in-north-india
#12
Saniya Akhtar, Iffat Hassan, Farhan Rasool, Yasmeen J Bhat, Gousia Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Cottage industry is usually a small-scale industry operated from home by family members using their own equipment. Kashmir has a unique cottage industry of its own which deals with production of many handicrafts, which may lead to a peculiar pattern of skin diseases in these artisans. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the pattern of skin disorders in the cottage industry workers of Kashmir valley, with primary focus on the occupation-related dermatoses and to identify the most common cutaneous manifestation in these workers...
May 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576344/association-of-water-handling-and-child-feeding-practice-with-childhood-diarrhoea-in-rural-community-of-southern-nepal
#13
Dilaram Acharya, Jitendra Kumar Singh, Mandira Adhikari, Salila Gautam, Pragya Pandey, Vinita Dayal
Diarrhoea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality globally. While the childhood diarrhoea and its association with child feeding, and hygiene, hand washing and water treatment are studied elsewhere, the association of water handling and child feeding with childhood diarrhoea is an understudied area in Nepal. This study aimed to investigate the association of water handling and child feeding practice with childhood diarrhoea among children of one to five years of age in Southern, Nepal. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Dhanusha district of Southern Nepal in 2013...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572111/patients-hand-washing-and-reducing-hospital-acquired-infection
#14
Stacy Haverstick, Cara Goodrich, Regi Freeman, Shandra James, Rajkiran Kullar, Melissa Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is important to prevent hospital-acquired infections. Patients' hand hygiene is just as important as hospital workers' hand hygiene. Hospital-acquired infection rates remain a concern across health centers. OBJECTIVES: To improve patients' hand hygiene through the promotion and use of hand washing with soap and water, hand sanitizer, or both and improve patients' education to reduce hospital-acquired infections. METHODS: In August 2013, patients in a cardiothoracic postsurgical step-down unit were provided with individual bottles of hand sanitizer...
June 2017: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571171/a-goal-unrealized-patient-empowerment-on-hand-hygiene-a-web-based-survey-from-india
#15
S Vijayalakshmi, S Ramkumar, K A Narayan, P Vaithiyanathan
INTRODUCTION: Each year, millions of patients around the world are affected by Health Care Associated Infections (HCAIs). Understanding and assessing the global burden of HCAI is one of the key areas of work to improve the hand hygiene. AIM: To assess the patient empowerment and awareness on hand hygiene among online users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional survey was conducted during September 2013 to December 2013 among adults...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566914/aquagenic-urticaria-diagnosed-by-the-water-provocation-test-and-the-results-of-histopathologic-examination
#16
Jung Eun Seol, Do Hyeong Kim, So Hee Park, Jeong Nan Kang, Ho Suk Sung, Hyojin Kim
An 18-year-old male visited our department complaining of recurrent episodes of an itchy rash after hand washing, showering/bathing, drinking water, and getting rain-soaked. He was diagnosed with aquagenic urticaria after a water provocation test and histopathologic examination. Five months of antihistamine treatment successfully prevented further wheal formation. Aquagenic urticaria is a very unusual form of physical urticaria caused by contact with water. It manifests as pruritic small wheals surrounded by erythema within 30 minutes of exposure...
June 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561821/environmental-trends-of-metals-and-pcdd-fs-around-a-cement-plant-after-alternative-fuel-implementation-human-health-risk-assessment
#17
Montse Mari, Joaquim Rovira, Francisco Sánchez-Soberón, Martí Nadal, Marta Schuhmacher, José L Domingo
This study aimed at evaluating the potential impact of a cement plant after 4 years of the employment of alternative fuel. In June 2015, concentrations of PCDD/Fs and metals were determined in soils, vegetation and air in order to measure potential changes with respect to previous surveys before (July 2011) and after (June 2013) the employment of alternative fuel. Risks to human health were also assessed. In soils, metal levels were similar to those observed in June 2013 (p > 0.05). In comparison with July 2011, the increment was only statistically significant for As and Cd (p < 0...
May 31, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557536/preoperative-hand-decontamination-in-ophthalmic-surgery-a-comparison-of-the-removal-of-bacteria-from-surgeons-hands-by-routine-antimicrobial-scrub-versus-an-alcoholic-hand-rub
#18
Yaara Forer, Colin Block, Shahar Frenkel
PURPOSE: The goal of this experiment was to evaluate and compare the antimicrobial efficacy of routine preoperative hand washing using commercial medicated sponge brushes versus an alcoholic hand rub, by comparing bacterial growth on ophthalmic surgeons' hands after application of each of these methods. METHODS: Twenty ophthalmic surgeons were recruited at the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem, Israel. Samples were collected twice from the hands of each surgeon after hand decontamination using two different protocols during routine surgical practice...
May 30, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540104/pseudohyperglycemia-effects-of-unwashed-hand-after-fruit-peeling-or-handling-on-fingertips-blood-glucose-monitoring-results
#19
M A Olamoyegun, T Oloyede, O G Adewoye, S O Abdulkarim, A A Adeleke
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is an important component of management for diabetes mellitus (DM), especially in T1DM and T2DM patients who are on insulin therapy. Adequate blood glucose monitoring and prompt intervention are necessary to prevent blood glucose (BG) fluctuation and delay long-term diabetes complications. People with DM are advised to clean their hands before SMBG to remove any dirt or food residue that might affect the reading. AIM: The study tested the hypothesis that falsely elevated BG levels from fingertip occur after peeling or handling fruits in an unwashed hand...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527618/giving-the-tap-the-elbow-an-observational-study
#20
M Weinbren, L Bree, S Sleigh, M Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Handwashing is viewed as the most important barrier to cross-infection. Incorrect use of clinical handwash basins may lead to cross-infection either from contaminated water or due to failure to decontaminate hands. Elbow-operated taps used correctly prevent recontamination of hands during operation. Many elbow-operated taps are installed incorrectly, with the handle flush with the back panel, making it difficult to open using the elbow. AIM: To determine the effect of altering the angle of the handle of elbow-operated taps on handwashing technique...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
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