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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727890/surfactant-concentration-and-type-affects-the-removal-of-escherichia-coli-from-pig-skin-during-a-simulated-handwash
#1
Dane A Jensen, Michael A Rogers, Donald W Schaffner
The effect of surfactant type and concentration on a bland soap formulations ability to remove bacteria from hands remains largely unstudied. Several combinations of surfactants and water were combined to test bacterial removal efficacy using a handwashing device (two pieces of pig skin and a mechanical motor) to simulate a handwash. A nalidixic acid resistant, non-pathogenic strain of Escherichia coli (ATCC 11229) was used. Two anionic surfactants, sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium stearoyl lactylate, and two nonionic surfactants, poloxamer 407 and sorbitan monostearate, each in concentrations of 2%, 5%, and 10% were studied...
July 20, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722122/wet-work-exposure-and-hand-eczema-among-healthcare-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
N Hamnerius, C Svedman, O Bergendorff, J Björk, M Bruze, A Pontén
BACKGROUND: Hand eczema is more common in healthcare workers compared to the general population. The hands are subject to changing occupational exposures due to mandatory hygiene regulations for health care workers. OBJECTIVES: To describe the exposure due to hygiene procedures and investigate the associations between occupational hand washing, use of non-sterile gloves, and hand disinfectant and self-reported hand eczema. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with an electronic questionnaire distributed to 28 762 hospital employees in southern Sweden...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719642/infections-with-schistosoma-mansoni-and-geohelminths-among-school-children-dwelling-along-the-shore-of-the-lake-hawassa-southern-ethiopia
#3
Bamlaku Tadege, Techalew Shimelis
BACKGROUND: Infections with Schistosoma mansoni and soil-transmitted helminthes (STHs) are major public health problems in Ethiopia. However, information was scarce on the current status of these infections to guide an intervention in the study area. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of infections with S. mansoni and STHs and associated factors among school children in southern Ethiopia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated children who were attending the Finchawa and Tullo junior elementary schools and were residing along the shore of the lake Hawassa in January and February, 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715656/the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-ziway-dugda-district-arsi-zone-oromia-regional-state-ethiopia
#4
Abebe Ferede, Firaol Lemessa, Mesfin Tafa, Solomon Sisay
OBJECTIVES: Adequate nutrition is an important factor to determine the health and well-being of women, children and society as a whole. Although various nutritional policies were formulated and aimed at reducing malnutrition at the global level, the magnitude of malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] <18.5 kg/m(2)) among women remained between 10% and 40% in most low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition and to identify the associated risk factors among women of reproductive age...
July 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715297/cross-contamination-are-hospital-gloves-reservoirs-for-nosocomial-infections
#5
Vicki Moran, Rita Heuertz
Use of disposable nonsterile gloves in the hospital setting is second only to proper hand washing in reducing contamination during patient contact. Because proper handwashing is not consistently practiced, added emphasis on glove use is warranted. There is a growing body of evidence that glove boxes and dispensers available to healthcare workers are contaminated by daily exposure to environmental organisms. This finding, in conjunction with new and emerging antibiotic-resistant bacteria, poses a threat to patients and healthcare workers alike...
July 17, 2017: Hospital Topics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712156/-unfit-for-human-consumption-a-study-of-the-contamination-of-formula-milk-fed-to-young-children-in-east-java-indonesia
#6
Sarah Gibson, Daniel Sahanggamu, Dewi Fatmaningrum, Val Curtis, Sian White
OBJECTIVES: To examine levels of bacterial contamination in formula feeding bottles in Sidoarjo, East Java, and to assess the preparation practices that may have been responsible. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. We randomly selected 92 households with children under the age of two who were bottle-fed formula. In each household we carried out video observation of mothers/caregivers preparing bottles, and examined samples of formula for coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli (E...
July 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705260/identifying-behavioural-determinants-for-interventions-to-increase-handwashing-practices-among-primary-school-children-in-rural-burundi-and-urban-zimbabwe
#7
Elisabeth Seimetz, Jurgita Slekiene, Max N D Friedrich, Hans-Joachim Mosler
BACKGROUND: This article presents the development of a school handwashing programme in two different sub-Saharan countries that applies the RANAS (risk, attitudes, norms, ability, and self-regulation) systematic approach to behaviour change. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 669 children enrolled in 20 primary schools in Burundi and 524 children in 20 primary schools in Zimbabwe. Regression analyses were used to assess the influence of the RANAS behavioural determinants on reported handwashing frequencies...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701221/helminth-infections-and-practice-of-prevention-and-control-measures-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-at-anbesame-health-center-northwest-ethiopia
#8
Melashu Balew Shiferaw, Amtatachew Moges Zegeye, Agmas Dessalegn Mengistu
BACKGROUND: Helminth infections have a terrible impact on child growth and development, and harm pregnant women. Regular treatment and long term preventive interventions are important measures to break the transmission routes. Hence, identifying the status of helminth infection and practices of prevention and control measures among pregnant women is important in different geographical areas of Ethiopia including our setting. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 180 pregnant women from March to June, 2015...
July 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698666/modelling-person-to-person-transmission-in-an-enterovirus-a71-orally-infected-hamster-model-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-and-encephalomyelitis
#9
Win Kyaw Phyu, Kien Chai Ong, Kum Thong Wong
Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) causes hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), which may be complicated by fatal encephalomyelitis. Although fecal-oral or oral-oral routes are important in person-to-person transmission, how viral shedding and exposure may predispose individuals to infection remains unknown. We investigated person-to-person transmission by using a model of HFMD and encephalomyelitis based on EV-A71 oral infection of 2-week-old hamsters. Animals (index animals) infected with 10(4) 50% cell culture infective doses of virus uniformly developed severe disease four days post-infection (dpi), whereas littermate contacts developed severe disease after six to seven days of exposure to index animals...
July 12, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690027/enterobius-vermicularis-infection-and-its-risk-factors-among-pre-school-children-in-taipei-taiwan
#10
Kuang-Yao Chen, Chuan-Min Yen, Kao-Pin Hwang, Lian-Chen Wang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pinworm infection is extremely low in Taipei, Taiwan. This population study was designed to determine the current status and the associated risk factors of this infection among pre-school children. METHODS: Perianal swab specimens were obtained from the parents or guardians using a two-consecutive-day adhesive cellophane perianal swab kit. Information of family background, personal hygiene, and household sanitary conditions were collected by asking the parents or guardians to complete a questionnaire...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688314/a-study-of-transfer-and-prevalence-of-organic-gunshot-residues
#11
Carmen Hofstetter, Matthieu Maitre, Alison Beavis, Claude P Roux, Céline Weyermann, Anne-Laure Gassner
The main goal of the present study was to determine the amounts and distribution of organic gunshot residues (OGSR) on the shooter's upper body and clothing after discharging a pistol. A preliminary study was also performed to evaluate the prevalence of OGSR in the general population as well as in a police laboratory environment. In the transfer study, results indicated that OGSR are not only transferred to the hand of the shooter, but also to other parts of the upper body. Thus, wrists and forearms also represent interesting targets as they are washed less frequently than hands...
June 19, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686494/antibodies-to-various-zoonotic-pathogens-detected-in-feral-swine-sus-scrofa-at-abattoirs-in-texas-usa
#12
Kerri Pedersen, Nathan E Bauer, Sandra Rodgers, Luis R Bazan, Brian T Mesenbrink, Thomas Gidlewski
The zoonotic risk posed to employees by slaughtering feral swine (Sus scrofa) at two abattoirs in Texas was assessed by testing feral swine serum samples for exposure to influenza A virus, Leptospira, Trichinella spiralis, and Toxoplasma gondii. Blood was collected from a total of 376 feral swine between the two facilities during six separate collection periods in 2015. Antibodies to one or more serovars of Leptospira were identified in 48.9% of feral swine tested, with Bratislava and Pomona as the most commonly detected serovars, and antibodies to influenza A virus were detected in 14...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679284/comparison-of-glucose-values-of-blood-samples-taken-in-three-different-ways
#13
Tulay Sagkal Midilli, Eda Ergın, Ebru Baysal, Zeki Arı
The purpose of the study was to determine differences and correlations between the blood glucose values of venous blood and the first and second drops of capillary blood samples taken in three different ways. Blood samples were (a) venous blood, (b) the first and second drops of capillary blood from the middle finger of the right hand (only washed with soap and water), and (c) the first and second drops of capillary blood from the middle finger of the left hand (washed with soap and water and cleaned with alcohol)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671363/increase-hand-washing-for-physicians-and-patients
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Family Practice Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667715/family-centered-care-to-complement-care-of-sick-newborns-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Ankit Verma, Arti Maria, Ravindra Mohan Pandey, Charoo Hans, Arushi Verma, Fahima Sherwani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of family-centered care in delivery of care to sick newborns, on nosocomial infection rate. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary referral nursery (October 2010 to March 2012). PARTICIPANTS: 295 neonates randomized at the time of hospitalization in neonatal intensive care unit. INTERVENTION: Parent-attendant of intervention group were trained using an indigenously developed and pretested, culturally sensitive, simple audio-video tool that covered domains of personal hygiene, hand washing, danger signs recognition and feeding of sick neonate...
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665993/knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-on-the-prevention-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-among-nurses-in-oncological-care-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-area-of-southern-italy
#16
Maria Rosaria Esposito, Assunta Guillari, Italo Francesco Angelillo
The objectives of the cross-sectional study were to delineate the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior among nurses regarding the prevention of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) and to identify their predisposing factors. A questionnaire was self-administered from September to November 2011 to nurses in oncology and outpatient chemotherapy units in 16 teaching and non-teaching public and private hospitals in the Campania region (Italy). The questionnaire gathered information on demographic and occupational characteristics; knowledge about evidence-based practices for the prevention of CLABSIs; attitudes towards guidelines, the risk of transmitting infections, and hand-washing when using central venous catheter (CVC); practices about catheter site care; and sources of information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658250/estimating-the-prevalence-of-food-risk-increasing-behaviours-in-uk-kitchens
#17
Anna K Jones, Paul Cross, Michael Burton, Caroline Millman, Sarah J O'Brien, Dan Rigby
Foodborne disease poses a serious threat to public health. In the UK, half a million cases are linked to known pathogens and more than half of all outbreaks are associated with catering establishments. The UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) has initiated the UK Food Hygiene Rating Scheme in which commercial food establishments are inspected and scored with the results made public. In this study we investigate the prevalence of food risk increasing behaviours among chefs, catering students and the public. Given the incentive for respondents to misreport when asked about illegal or illicit behaviours we employed a Randomised Response Technique designed to elicit more accurate prevalence rates of such behaviours...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655298/assessment-of-staphylococcus-aureus-along-milk-value-chain-and-its-public-health-importance-in-sebeta-central-oromia-ethiopia
#18
Yodit Ayele, Fanta Desissa Gutema, Bedaso Mamo Edao, Robel Girma, Takele Beyene Tufa, Tariku Jibat Beyene, Fanos Tadesse, Mesula Geloye, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the leading causes of gastroenteritis acquired from contaminated foods such as milk and milk products. However, such information is limited in Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the contamination of milk with S. aureus and knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of actors along the milk value chain in Sebeta, Central Oromia, Ethiopia. A total of 291 samples collected from dairy farms, milk collection centers (MCCs) and processing plant were examined using standard microbiological techniques...
June 27, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654076/a-method-to-test-the-efficacy-of-handwashing-for-the-removal-of-emerging-infectious-pathogens
#19
Marlene K Wolfe, Daniele S Lantagne
Handwashing is widely recommended to prevent infectious disease transmission. However, little comparable evidence exists on the efficacy of handwashing methods in general. Additionally, little evidence exists comparing handwashing methods to determine which are most efficacious at removing infectious pathogens. Research is needed to provide evidence for the different approaches to handwashing that may be employed during infectious disease outbreaks. Here, a laboratory method to assess the efficacy of handwashing methods at removing microorganisms from hands and their persistence in rinse water is described...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652822/anemia-in-pregnancy-in-western-jamaica
#20
Saidah Wright, Dominique Earland, Swati Sakhuja, Anna Junkins, Sarah Franklin, Luz Padilla, Maung Aung, Pauline E Jolly
BACKGROUND: Anemia is one of the most prevalent problems in pregnancy. In 2011, 29.9% of all pregnant women in Jamaica were diagnosed with anemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of anemia in pregnancy in Western Jamaica. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 293 mothers attending post-natal clinics in Western Jamaica. A questionnaire was administered to the mothers, and an abstraction form was used to collect clinical data from the mothers' records...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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