keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hand washing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527618/giving-the-tap-the-elbow-an-observational-study
#1
M Weinbren, L Bree, S Sleigh, M Griffiths
Hand washing is viewed as the most important barrier to cross infection. Incorrect use of clinical hand wash basins may lead to cross infection either from contaminated water or due to failure to decontaminate hands. Elbow operated taps used correctly prevent re-contamination of hands during operation. Observation shows many elbow operated taps are installed incorrectly with the handle flush with the back panel making it difficult to open using the elbow. AIM: To determine the effect of altering the angle of the handle of elbow operated taps on hand washing technique...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526314/efficacy-of-the-world-health-organization-recommended-handwashing-technique-and-a-modified-washing-technique-to-remove-clostridium-difficile-from-hands
#2
Philippe Deschênes, Frédéric Chano, Léa-Laurence Dionne, Didier Pittet, Yves Longtin
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended handwashing technique against Clostridium difficile is uncertain, and whether it could be improved remains unknown. Also, the benefit of using a structured technique instead of an unstructured technique remains unclear. METHODS: This study was a prospective comparison of 3 techniques (unstructured, WHO, and a novel technique dubbed WHO shortened repeated [WHO-SR] technique) to remove C difficile...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516781/patterns-variability-and-predictors-of-urinary-triclosan-concentrations-during-pregnancy-and-childhood
#3
Shaina L Stacy, Melissa Eliot, Taylor Etzel, George D Papandonatos, Antonia M Calafat, Aimin Chen, Russ Hauser, Bruce P Lanphear, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Xiaoyun Ye, Kimberly Yolton, Joseph M Braun
Exposure to triclosan, an antimicrobial used in many consumer products, is ubiquitous in the United States, yet only limited data are available on the predictors and variability of exposure, particularly in children. We examined the patterns, variability, and predictors of urinary triclosan concentrations in 389 mother-child pairs enrolled in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment Study from 2003-2006. We quantified triclosan in three urine samples collected from women between 16 weeks of pregnancy and birth, and six urine samples collected from children between 1-8 years of age...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516277/analysis-of-cellular-autofluorescence-in-touch-samples-by-flow-cytometry-implications-for-front-end-separation-of-trace-mixture-evidence
#4
M Katherine Philpott, Cristina E Stanciu, Ye Jin Kwon, Eduardo E Bustamante, Susan A Greenspoon, Christopher J Ehrhardt
The goal of this study was to survey optical and biochemical variation in cell populations deposited onto a surface through touch or contact and identify specific features that may be used to distinguish and then sort cell populations from separate contributors in a trace biological mixture. Although we were not able to detect meaningful biochemical variation in touch samples deposited by different contributors through preliminary antibody surveys, we did observe distinct differences in red autofluorescence emissions (650-670 nm), with as much as a tenfold difference in mean fluorescence intensities observed between certain pairs of donors...
May 18, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515639/influence-of-adding-recovered-protein-from-processing-wastewater-on-the-quality-of-mechanically-separated-chicken-meat-surimi-like-material
#5
William Renzo Cortez-Vega, Gustavo Graciano Fonseca, Daniela Cardozo Bagatini, Carlos Prentice
Functional and nutritional soluble proteins can be recovered from surimi (and surimi-like material) processing wastewater, reducing environmental problems and the cost of an irresponsible waste disposal. Recovered proteins may be added back at a low percentage to surimi products. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of the addition of soluble recovered proteins (RP), obtained from mechanically separated chicken meat surimi-like material (MSCM-SLM) processing wastewater by acidic pH-shifting, on the composition and texture of RP-MSCM-SLM, with RP contents of 0, 10, 20 and 30% (w/w) in the mixture...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515632/effectiveness-of-hand-hygiene-education-among-a-random-sample-of-women-from-the-community
#6
REVIEW
J Ubheeram, S D Biranjia-Hurdoyal
OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of hand hygiene education was investigated by studying the hand hygiene awareness and bacterial hand contamination among a random sample of 170 women in the community. METHODS: Questionnaire was used to assess the hand hygiene awareness score, followed by swabbing of the dominant hand. Bacterial identification was done by conventional biochemical tests. RESULTS: Better hand hygiene awareness score was significantly associated with age, scarce bacterial growth and absence of potential pathogen (p < 0...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511506/an-assessment-of-correlation-between-dermatoglyphic-patterns-and-sagittal-skeletal-discrepancies
#7
Susha Miriam George, Biju Philip, Deepika Madathody, Manu Mathew, Jose Paul, Johnson Prakash Dlima
INTRODUCTION: Investigators over years have been fascinated by dermatoglyphic patterns which has led to the development of dermatoglyphics as a science with numerous applications in various fields other than being the best and most widely used method for personal identification. AIM: To assess the correlation between dermatoglyphic patterns and sagittal skeletal discrepancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients, aged 18-40 years, were selected from those who attended the outpatient clinic of the Deparment of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Mar Baselios Dental College, Kothamangalam, Kerala, India...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507890/hand-washing-with-soap-and-wash-educational-intervention-reduces-under-five-childhood-diarrhoea-incidence-in-jigjiga-district-eastern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Abdiwahab Hashi, Abera Kumie, Janvier Gasana
Despite the tremendous achievement in reducing child mortality and morbidity in the last two decades, diarrhoea is still a major cause of morbidity and mortality among children in many developing countries, including Ethiopia. Hand washing with soap promotion, water quality improvements and improvements in excreta disposal significantly reduces diarrhoeal diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of hand washing with soap and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) educational Intervention on the incidence of under-five children diarrhoea...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504614/quantifying-the-effects-of-water-temperature-soap-volume-lather-time-and-antimicrobial-soap-as-variables-in-the-removal-of-escherichia-coli-atcc-11229-from-hands
#9
Dane A Jensen, David R Macinga, David J Shumaker, Roberto Bellino, James W Arbogast, Donald W Schaffner
The literature on hand washing, while extensive, often contains conflicting data, and key variables are only superficially studied or not studied at all. Some hand washing recommendations are made without scientific support, and agreement between recommendations is limited. The influence of key variables such as soap volume, lather time, water temperature, and product formulation on hand washing efficacy was investigated in the present study. Baseline conditions were 1 mL of a bland (nonantimicrobial) soap, a 5-s lather time, and 38°C (100°F) water temperature...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497058/impact-of-an-intensive-perinatal-handwashing-promotion-intervention-on-maternal-handwashing-behavior-in-the-neonatal-period-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#10
Pavani Kalluri Ram, Sharifa Nasreen, Kelly Kamm, Jelena Allen, Swapna Kumar, Mohammad Anisur Rahman, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Stephen P Luby
One-quarter of neonatal deaths are attributed to infections. Maternal handwashing with soap may prevent neonatal sepsis. We examined impact of intensive handwashing promotion on handwashing behavior of mothers of neonates. In Matlab, Bangladesh, we randomly allocated pregnant women at 28-32 weeks' gestation to intensive handwashing promotion or control. Behavior change communicators used a participatory approach to motivate maternal handwashing with soap and provided soap and handwashing stations. In the neonatal period, we observed soap and water at handwashing places and, at the end of the neonatal period, we estimated impact on maternal handwashing by structured observation...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478921/mucosal-and-systemic-immune-response-to-sublingual-or-intranasal-immunization-with-phosphorylcholine
#11
Yoshiko Maseda, Junichiro Ohori, Norimitsu Tanaka, Hiromi Nagano, Keiichi Miyashita, Yuichi Kurono
OBJECTIVE: Phosphorylcholine (PC) is a structural component of a wide variety of pathogens including Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. Here, the immune response in mice to PC immunization via the sublingual (SL) route versus the intranasal (IN) route was investigated in terms of efficacy and safety. METHODS: BALB/c mice were immunized with PC-keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) plus cholera toxin (CT) or CT alone via the IN or SL route. The immune response generated was studied in terms of PC-specific antibody titers, interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-4 production by CD4(+) T cells, and cross-reactivity of PC-specific immunoglobulin (Ig)-A antibodies in nasal washes against S...
May 4, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476170/provision-versus-promotion-to-develop-a-handwashing-station-the-effect-on-desired-handwashing-behavior
#12
Debashish Biswas, Fosiul Alam Nizame, Tina Sanghvi, Sumitro Roy, Stephen P Luby, Leanne E Unicomb
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea prevalence increases from around the time that complementary foods are introduced. Improving caregiver's hand hygiene during food preparation could reduce complementary food contamination and enteric pathogen transmission. Washing hands with soap is more common when water and soap are together at a convenient location. We conducted a three-month pilot intervention to evaluate two options for setting up handwashing stations: i) provide a handwashing station, or ii) help the family to make their own from available materials...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476100/behavioral-antecedents-for-handwashing-in-a-low-income-urban-setting-in-bangladesh-an-exploratory-study
#13
Musarrat J Rahman, Fosiul A Nizame, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P Luby, Peter J Winch
BACKGROUND: Health programs commonly promote handwashing by drawing attention to potential fecal contamination in the environment. The underlying assumption is that the thought of fecal contamination will result in disgust, and motivate people to wash their hands with soap. However, this has not proven sufficient to achieve high rates of handwashing with soap at key times. We argue that handwashing with soap is influenced by broader range of antecedents, many unrelated to fecal contamination, that indicate to people when and where to wash their hands...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471843/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#14
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466011/blood-lead-levels-and-risk-factors-among-preschool-children-in-a-lead-polluted-area-in-taizhou-china
#15
Zhenyan Gao, Jia Cao, Jin Yan, Ju Wang, Shizhong Cai, Chonghuai Yan
Objective. To determine the blood lead levels and identify related risk factors among preschool children in a lead polluted area (Taizhou, China) and provide theoretical support for prevention of lead pollution. Methods. A stratified-clustered-random sampling method was used to determine the survey sample. Blood lead levels were determined by the tungsten atomizer absorption spectrophotometer. Results. A total of 2,018 subjects (average age of 59 months; 1,087 boys and 931 girls) were included. The arithmetic mean, geometric mean, and median blood lead levels of the preschool children were 56...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465127/implementing-a-pilot-trial-of-an-infection-control-program-in-nursing-homes-results-of-a-matched-cluster-randomized-trial
#16
Kevin W McConeghy, Rosa Baier, Kevin P McGrath, Christof J Baer, Vincent Mor
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is the single-most important nursing home (NH) infection control measure. We piloted a multifaceted hand-washing/surface cleaning intervention in 5 NHs. Our aims were to assess the feasibility of implementing this intervention by assessing staff participation, satisfaction, hand-washing compliance, and whether the intervention was associated with reductions in infection rates, new antimicrobial orders, or overall hospitalization rates. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, pair-matched pilot intervention in 10 Colorado NHs to reduce infections for all NH residents from October 1, 2015 through May 31, 2016...
April 29, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462740/what-happened-at-vienna-s-allgemeines-krankenhaus-after-semmelweis-s-contract-as-assistant-in-the-first-maternity-division-was-terminated
#17
P P Jadraque, K C Carter
Ignác Fülöp Semmelweis is famous for dramatically reducing puerperal mortality while he was an Assistant in Vienna's largest hospital, the Allgemeines Krankenhaus; he did this, mainly, by requiring medical personnel to disinfect their hands by washing in a chlorine solution. But Semmelweis was soon removed from his post as assistant. The conventional view, which is suggested by Semmelweis's own account, is that his contemporaries were skeptical of his results, that he was marginalized and that once he was no longer directly responsible for caring for maternity patients, puerperal mortality returned to its former high levels...
May 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459763/international-institutional-trauma-in-developmental-pediatric-practice
#18
Demetra Pappas, Jason Fogler, Sabrina Sargado, Leah Welchons, Marilyn Augustyn
"Aabis" is a school-aged boy from a predominantly conservative Muslim nation who presented to a tertiary developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) clinic to seek "expert opinion" for significant social and learning difficulties in the context of a history of frequent falling and "clumsiness." He was seen by a psychiatrist in his home country, who ordered an electroencephalogram and "brain map" (both normal), and received occupational and physical therapies. Frequent tantrums and intense emotional reactions to minor events-revealed to be related to a history of repeated physical beatings from groups of his "friends"-prompted referral to the DBP clinic...
May 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453321/hand-decontamination-in-clinical-practice-a-review-of-the-evidence
#19
Ruth Rigby, Anne Pegram, Sue Woodward
Hand decontamination is known to significantly reduce the spread of hospital-acquired infections but, despite a wealth of guidelines and education campaigns, evidence suggests that many healthcare workers are non-compliant with hand decontamination. The behaviours that prevent hand decontamination are complex. Studies look at attitudes towards dirt, disgust, self-protective hand washing and familiarity with patients. Self-protection behaviours manifest themselves in washing hands more often after certain tasks...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451818/a-mass-spectrometry-based-forensic-toolbox-for-imaging-and-detecting-biological-fluid-evidence-in-finger-marks-and-fingernail-scrapings
#20
Sathisha Kamanna, Julianne Henry, Nicolas H Voelcker, Adrian Linacre, K Paul Kirkbride
During a crime, biological material such as blood or vaginal fluid may become smeared on the fingers of the victim or suspect or trapped under their fingernails. The type of trapped fluid is extremely valuable forensic information. Furthermore, if either person touches an object at the crime scene with their 'contaminated' finger then a 'contaminated' finger mark may be deposited. Such marks have great value as they could identify not only who deposited the mark but also who they touched and which part of the body they touched...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
keyword
keyword
62555
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"