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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331353/undernutrition-and-associated-factors-among-24-36-month-old-children-in-slum-areas-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#1
Yeshalem Mulugeta Demilew, Dagninet Derebe Abie
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess undernutrition and associated factors among 24-36-month-old children in the slum areas of Bahir Dar city. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 480 children from May 1 to 26, 2015. The simple random sampling technique was used to select respondents. Data were collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire. Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20 was used for analysis...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327494/hand-hygiene-in-health-care-settings-the-citizens-point-of-view
#2
Chiara Foà, Grazia Antonella Tura, Claudia Camelli, Roberta Silingardi, Monia Malavolti, Elisabeth Kuenzer, Gabriella Carraro, Barbara De Paolis, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The infection risk prevention is one of the main objectives of all health and sanitary systems, since the reduction of the healthcare associated infections is attainable goals through appropriate prevention strategies. Among these, proper hand hygiene of health care professionals and citizens (visitors/outpatients/caregivers, volunteers) is fundamental to reduce the spreading of micro organisms and prevent infections. The purpose of the study is indeed to explore the self-reported hand washing behavior of citizens who access to health facilities and the variables involved in it, using in particular the Theory of Planned Behaviour...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316884/three-dimensional-visualisation-of-the-internal-anatomy-of-the-sparrowhawk-accipiter-nisus-forelimb-using-contrast-enhanced-micro-computed-tomography
#3
Fernanda Bribiesca-Contreras, William I Sellers
BACKGROUND: Gross dissection is a widespread method for studying animal anatomy, despite being highly destructive and time-consuming. X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been shown to be a non-destructive alternative for studying anatomical structures. However, in the past it has been limited to only being able to visualise mineralised tissues. In recent years, morphologists have started to use traditional X-ray contrast agents to allow the visualisation of soft tissue elements in the CT context...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296252/research-on-handwashing-techniques-of-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-from-yiwu-southeast-china
#4
Yuanjun Ye, Xiaohui Zhang, Yansu Liu, Hongqing Lou, Zhangfei Shou
The aim of the present study was to evaluate handwashing technique, bacteriology, and factors influencing handwashing technique of 86 stable chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients from Yiwu City in Southeast China. Based on the "Hygienic standard for disinfection in the hospital", we also performed sampling for bacteriology from PD operators after they washed their hands. We compared their clinical features including the pathogenic bacteria of their previous peritonitis episodes and their handwashing evaluation results according to their bacteriologic sampling results...
March 10, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295422/molecular-sequence-typing-reveals-genotypic-diversity-among-escherichia-coli-isolates-recovered-from-a-cantaloupe-packinghouse-in-northwestern-mexico
#5
Beatriz Quiñones, Juan P Campos Sauceda, Bertram G Lee, Jaszemyn C Yambao, Cristóbal Cháidez Quiroz
The increase in the consumption of fresh produce has correlated with a rise in the number of reported foodborne illnesses. To identify potential risk factors associated with post-harvest practices, the present study employed multilocus sequence typing (MLST) for the genotypic classification of Escherichia coli isolates, recovered from three sources sampled at seven operational stages in a cantaloupe packinghouse in Northwestern Mexico. The MLST analysis results indicated that the E. coli isolates were classified into 18 different sequence types (ST), and 11 of these STs were found to be novel...
March 10, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289115/patient-attitudes-and-participation-in-hand-co-washing-in-an-outpatient-clinic-before-and-after-a-prompt
#6
Gregory A Doyle, Jun Xiang, Hina Zaman, Holli Neiman-Hart, Michael Maroon, Elham Arghami, Hina Durani, Hari Salana, Venugopal Komakula, Dana E King
Despite recent national emphasis, outpatient hand washing can be less than optimal. We tested a new approach involving both patient and physician hand washing. The study consisted of 384 questionnaires, 184 from phase 1 and 200 from phase 2. Patients stated doctors washed their hands 96.6% before examining them pre-intervention and 99.5% of the time post-intervention. Patients endorsed the importance of hand washing 98.7% of the time. "Co-washing" may offer a process to increase the practice of hand washing and decrease infection risk...
March 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287949/community-theater-participation-and-nutrition-related-practices-evidence-from-nepal
#7
Carol R Underwood, Elena T Broaddus, Shreejana Kc, Ravindra K Thapa
Suaahara, a nutrition-enhancement program in Nepal, conducted participatory community theater (CT) dramas with the goal of improving nutrition-related practices. To evaluate CT, a pre/posttest with randomized intervention and matched control sites was used. Dramas were conducted in Nawalparasi, Bajhang, and Sindhupalchowk Districts to represent the mountain, hill, and terai/plains regions. Within each study district, two intervention sites were randomly selected and two matched comparison sites were identified for inclusion in the study...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284611/dead-mouse-hopping-tyzzer-s-disease-in-spinifex-hopping-mice-notomys-alexis
#8
Hayley J Stannard, Melissa L Tulk, Julie M Old
Tyzzer's disease is caused by Clostridium piliformes and affects a wide range of domestic and wildlife species. Non-descript signs, if any, and a short incubation period make Tyzzer's disease difficult to diagnose and treat before death occurs. Here we describe an unexpected outbreak of Tyzzer's disease in a colony of native Australian spinifex hopping-mice (Notomys alexis). In this study captive hopping-mice were used in a nutrition trial (n=11), and others were housed in close proximity (n=4). During the nutrition trial, two hopping-mice exhibited signs of lethargy and diarrhoea, and were removed from the trial but died soon after...
March 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283144/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-use-of-safety-precautions-among-health-care-workers-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital-1-year-after-the-ebola-virus-disease-epidemic
#9
Wasiu Olalekan Adebimpe
BACKGROUND: Several studies have found that compliance with universal precautions (UP) reduces the risk of exposure to diseases transmitted through blood and body fluids. Several efforts were made during the 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Nigeria to ensure a better behavioral change toward the practice of UP. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed knowledge, attitude, and practice of the use of universal safety precautions among health care workers in a tertiary hospital in Osun State in southwestern Nigeria, 1 year after the containment of the EVD epidemic in Nigeria...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283138/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-schistosomiasis-among-children-in-northern-senegal
#10
Simona Frigerio, Fabrizio Bert, Marco Clari, Giovanni Di Fine, Susanna Riva, Ilaria Bergese, Samba Gueye Diouf, Rosaria Alvaro, Ersilia Buonomo
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a highly prevalent parasitic disease in Senegal. The early symptoms are hematuria and dysuria. Children's comprehension of the disease is fundamental to preventing the infection. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge attitudes, and practices related to schistosomiasis among schoolchildren in 2 rural villages in Northern Senegal and to evaluate their impact on the disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277734/death-anxiety-and-its-relationship-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
Rachel E Menzies, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
The studies presented in this article explored the relevance of death fears to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). In Study 1, the relationships between death anxiety and a variety of markers of psychopathology were examined in 171 treatment-seeking participants with OCD. Moderate to large correlations between Collett-Lester Fear of Death scale scores, taken at initial assessment, and clinical ratings of OCD severity, number of hospitalizations, number of medications, and total number of lifetime anxiety-related diagnoses identified in structured diagnostic interviews were obtained...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262051/hand-washing
#12
Erin Dean
Essential facts Antimicrobial resistance develops when the medicines are used inappropriately. Global estimates suggest that every year more than 700,000 people die from drug-resistant strains of common bacterial and viral infections, such as the human immunodeficiency virus, tuberculosis and malaria. If antimicrobial resistance continues to increase, this number could rise to ten million a year by 2050.
March 6, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257615/development-and-reliability-of-the-timed-functional-arm-and-shoulder-test-tfast
#13
Kshamata M Shah, Timothy Baker, Abigail Dingle, Thomas Hansmeier, Matthew Jimenez, Sarah Lopez, Dylan Marks, Daniel Safford, Amanda Sternberg, Jeffrey Turner, Philip W McClure
Study Design Repeated-measures clinical measurement reliability study. Background While there are some shoulder functional tests for athletes, no widely used performance test of arm and shoulder function currently exists to assess lower level upper extremity functional demands, for example in a non-athlete population or elderly individuals. In these individuals, functional measures rely on patient self-report. Objectives Describe the development of the Timed Functional Arm and Shoulder Test (TFAST), age-related scores and between-session reliability in a group of asymptomatic high-school athletes, young, middle-aged and older adults, and a preliminary group of symptomatic patients...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239451/management-of-a-cluster-of-clostridium-difficile-infections-among-patients-with-osteoarticular-infections
#14
Jacqueline Färber, Sebastian Illiger, Fabian Berger, Barbara Gärtner, Lutz von Müller, Christoph H Lohmann, Katja Bauer, Christina Grabau, Stefanie Zibolka, Dirk Schlüter, Gernot Geginat
BACKGROUND: Here we describe a cluster of hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) among 26 patients with osteoarticular infections. The aim of the study was to define the source of C. difficile and to evaluate the impact of general infection control measures and antibiotic stewardship on the incidence of CDI. METHODS: Epidemiological analysis included typing of C. difficile strains and analysis of possible patient to patient transmission. Infection control measures comprised strict isolation of CDI patients, additional hand washings, and intensified environmental cleaning with sporicidal disinfection...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238610/improving-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools-in-indonesia-a-cross-sectional-assessment-on-sustaining-infrastructural-and-behavioral-interventions
#15
Andrew J Karon, Aidan A Cronin, Ryan Cronk, Reza Hendrawan
Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in schools are important for child health, development, and educational performance; yet coverage in Indonesian schools remains low. To address this deficiency, UNICEF and partners conducted a WASH intervention in 450 schools across three provinces in Indonesia. A survey evaluating the sustainability of infrastructure and behavioral interventions in comparison to control districts was conducted one year after completion of the intervention. The survey data were also compared with national government data to assess the suitability of government data to report progress on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)...
February 12, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235877/spread-from-the-sink-to-the-patient-in-situ-study-using-green-fluorescent-protein-gfp-expressing-escherichia-coli-to-model-bacterial-dispersion-from-hand-washing-sink-trap-reservoirs
#16
Shireen Kotay, Weidong Chai, William Guilford, Katie Barry, Amy J Mathers
There have been an increasing number of reports implicating Gammaproteobacteria often carrying genes of drug resistance from colonized sink traps to vulnerable hospitalized patients. However, the mechanism of transmission from the wastewater of the sink P-trap to patients remains poorly understood. Herein we report the use of a designated hand washing sink lab gallery to model dispersion of green fluorescent protein (GFP)- expressing Escherichia coli from sink wastewater to the surrounding environment. We found no dispersion of GFP-E...
February 24, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231311/handwashing-and-ebola-virus-disease-outbreaks-a-randomized-comparison-of-soap-hand-sanitizer-and-0-05-chlorine-solutions-on-the-inactivation-and-removal-of-model-organisms-phi6-and-e-coli-from-hands-and-persistence-in-rinse-water
#17
Marlene K Wolfe, Karin Gallandat, Kyle Daniels, Anne Marie Desmarais, Pamela Scheinman, Daniele Lantagne
To prevent Ebola transmission, frequent handwashing is recommended in Ebola Treatment Units and communities. However, little is known about which handwashing protocol is most efficacious. We evaluated six handwashing protocols (soap and water, alcohol-based hand sanitizer (ABHS), and 0.05% sodium dichloroisocyanurate, high-test hypochlorite, and stabilized and non-stabilized sodium hypochlorite solutions) for 1) efficacy of handwashing on the removal and inactivation of non-pathogenic model organisms and, 2) persistence of organisms in rinse water...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226047/adherence-to-standard-precautions-in-a-teaching-hospital
#18
Lúcia Aparecida Ferreira, Camila de Assunção Peixoto, Luciana Paiva, Quenia Cristina Gonçalves da Silva, Marina Pereira Rezende, Maria Helena Barbosa
Objective: analyze related factors and the level of adherence to standard precautions of nursing professionals from the clinical medical division of a teaching hospital. Method: a quantitative, cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted with 54 nursing professionals using the Psychometric Scale of Adherence to Standard Precautions, translated and validated to Brazilian Portuguese. Results: the global score of adherence was intermediate (4...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221948/a-state-by-state-assessment-of-food-service-regulations-for-prevention-of-norovirus-outbreaks
#19
Anita Kambhampati, Kayoko Shioda, L Hannah Gould, Donald Sharp, Laura G Brown, Umesh D Parashar, Aron J Hall
Noroviruses are the leading cause of foodborne disease in the United States. Foodborne transmission of norovirus is often associated with contamination of food during preparation by an infected food worker. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Food Code provides model food safety regulations for preventing transmission of foodborne disease in restaurants; however, adoption of specific provisions is at the discretion of state and local governments. We analyzed the food service regulations of all 50 states and the District of Columbia (i...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217588/promotion-of-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-a-rural-area-of-south-india-a-community-based-study
#20
Nagapraveen Veerapu, P Subramaniyan, B A Praveenkumar, G Arun
INTRODUCTION: Globally, billions of people do not have access to improved sanitation and many defecate in the open air. Poor hand washing practices and limited access to sanitation facilities perpetuate the transmission of disease-causing germs. The objectives of the study were to find out the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) on sanitary latrine, footwear, and hand washing among rural people and to assess the improvement in KAP after health education intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A health education intervention study was conducted from November 2012 to January 2014 in a rural area of Kuppam, Andhra Pradesh, South India among the people aged 15 years and above...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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