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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770659/-investigation-on-unhealthy-related-behaviors-of-echinococcosis-patients-in-garz%C3%A3%C2%AA-prefecture-sichuan-province
#1
Tian Ke-Qing, Tian Tian, Shi Guo-Qing, Cao Chun-Li, Hao Yu-Wan, Zhu Ze-Lin, Zhou Xiao-Nong
OBJECTIVE: To understand the unhealthy related behaviors of echinococcosis patients in Tibetan region in Sichuan Province, so as to provide the references for the health education of echinococcosis. METHODS: The echinococcosis patients who were registered in the Tibetan region in Sichuan Province were selected as target population. The basic situation and unhealthy related behaviors of them were surveyed by individual interviews. RESULTS: Totally 368 echinococcosis patients were investigated...
April 17, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761412/persistence-of-hepatitis-a-virus-in-fresh-produce-and-production-environments-and-the-effect-of-disinfection-procedures-a-review
#2
REVIEW
N Cook, I Bertrand, C Gantzer, R M Pinto, A Bosch
Although information is limited, it is evident that prolonged persistence of infectious Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a factor in the transmission of the virus via fresh produce. Consequently, data on persistence of the virus on produce, and in environments relevant to production, such as soils, water and surfaces, are required to fully understand the dynamics of transmission of HAV via foods. Furthermore, information on effective disinfection procedures is necessary to implement effective post-harvest control measures...
May 14, 2018: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761329/bactericidal-and-virucidal-activity-of-povidone-iodine-and-chlorhexidine-gluconate-cleansers-in-an-in-vivo-hand-hygiene-clinical-simulation-study
#3
Maren Eggers, Torsten Koburger-Janssen, Lois S Ward, Craig Newby, Stefan Müller
INTRODUCTION: Standard in vitro and in vivo tests help demonstrate efficacy of hand hygiene products; however, there is no standard in vivo test method for viruses. We investigated the bactericidal and virucidal efficacy of povidone-iodine (PVP-I) 7.5% scalp and skin cleanser, chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) 4% hand cleanser and the reference hand wash (soft soap) in 15 healthy volunteers following European Standard EN1499 (hygienic hand wash test method for bacteria), which was adapted for virucidal testing...
May 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742136/impact-on-birth-weight-and-child-growth-of-participatory-learning-and-action-women-s-groups-with-and-without-transfers-of-food-or-cash-during-pregnancy-findings-of-the-low-birth-weight-south-asia-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-lbwsat-in-nepal
#4
Naomi M Saville, Bhim P Shrestha, Sarah Style, Helen Harris-Fry, B James Beard, Aman Sen, Sonali Jha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Raghbendra Sah, Puskar Paudel, Andrew Copas, Bishnu Bhandari, Rishi Neupane, Joanna Morrison, Lu Gram, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brännström, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Machhindra Basnet, Saskia de Pee, Andrew Hall, Jayne Harthan, Meelan Thondoo, Sonja Klingberg, Janice Messick, Dharma S Manandhar, David Osrin, Anthony Costello
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition during pregnancy leads to low birthweight, poor growth and inter-generational undernutrition. We did a non-blinded cluster-randomised controlled trial in the plains districts of Dhanusha and Mahottari, Nepal to assess the impact on birthweight and weight-for-age z-scores among children aged 0-16 months of community-based participatory learning and action (PLA) women's groups, with and without food or cash transfers to pregnant women. METHODS: We randomly allocated 20 clusters per arm to four arms (average population/cluster = 6150)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734766/risk-factors-and-spatial-clusters-of-cryptosporidium-infection-among-school-age-children-in-a-rural-region-of-eastern-china
#5
Hao Zheng, Jianfeng He, Li Wang, Rong Zhang, Zhen Ding, Wenbiao Hu
The epidemiological features of Cryptosporidium infection among school-age children in China still remain unclear. Hereby, a cross-sectional study of 1637 children aged 3⁻9 years was designed to investigate the risk factors and spatial clusters of Cryptosporidium infection in a rural region of Eastern China. Stool specimens collected from participants were examined using the auramine-phenol and modified acid-fast staining. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify the risk factors of Cryptospordium infection...
May 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720144/examining-school-based-hygiene-facilities-a-quantitative-assessment-in-a-ghanaian-municipality
#6
Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong, Muriel J Harris, Samuel Newton, Gabriel Gulis
BACKGROUND: The crucial role of adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in influencing children's handwashing behaviour is widely reported. Report from UNICEF indicates a dearth of adequate data on WASH facilities in schools, especially in the developing world. This study sought to contribute to building the evidence-base on school hygiene facilities in Ghana. The study further explored for possible associations and differences between key variables within the context of school water, sanitation and hygiene...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707664/food-safety-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-meat-handler-in-abattoir-and-retail-meat-shops-of-jigjiga-town-ethiopia
#7
H A Tegegne, H W W Phyo
A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 91 meat handlers by using structured questionnaire to determine the food safety knowledge, attitude and practices in abattoir and retail meat shops of Jigjiga Town. The result shows that majority of the meat handlers were illiterate (30.8%) and primary school leaver (52.7%), and no one went through any food safety training except one meat inspector. The food-handlers' knowledge and safety practices were below acceptable level with the mean score of 13.12 ± 2.33 and 7...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706945/-candida-auris-disinfectants-and-implications-for-infection-control
#8
REVIEW
Tsun S N Ku, Carla J Walraven, Samuel A Lee
Candida auris is a rapidly emerging pathogen and is able to cause severe infections with high mortality rates. It is frequently misidentified in most clinical laboratories, thus requiring more specialized identification techniques. Furthermore, several clinical isolates have been found to be multidrug resistant and there is evidence of nosocomial transmission in outbreak fashion. Appropriate infection control measures will play a major role in controlling the management and spread of this pathogen. Unfortunately, there are very few data available on the effectiveness of disinfectants against C...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698106/effects-of-morphine-on-respiratory-load-detection-load-magnitude-perception-and-tactile-sensation-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Rodrigo Tomazini Martins, Jayne C Carberry, Simon C Gandevia, Jane E Butler, Danny J Eckert
Pharyngeal and respiratory sensation is impaired in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Opioids may further diminish respiratory sensation. Thus, protective pharyngeal neuromuscular and arousal responses to airway occlusion that rely on respiratory sensation could be impaired with opioids to worsen OSA severity. However, little is known about the effects of opioids on upper airway and respiratory sensation in people with OSA. This study was designed to determine the effects of 40mg of MS-Contin on tactile sensation, respiratory load detection and respiratory magnitude perception in people with OSA during wakefulness...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691112/plastic-flexible-films-waste-management-a-state-of-art-review
#10
REVIEW
O Horodytska, F J Valdés, A Fullana
Plastic flexible films are increasingly used in many applications due to their lightness and versatility. In 2014, the amount of plastic films represented 34% of total plastic packaging produced in UK. The flexible film waste generation rises according to the increase in number of applications. Currently, in developed countries, about 50% of plastics in domestic waste are films. Moreover, about 615,000 tonnes of agricultural flexible waste are generated in the EU every year. A review of plastic films recycling has been conducted in order to detect the shortcomings and establish guidelines for future research...
April 21, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686521/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-secondary-schools-and-university-students-toward-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-epidemic-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Ali Al-Hazmi, Ibrahim Gosadi, Ali Somily, Sarah Alsubaie, Abdulaziz Bin Saeed
This study was aiming to investigate the knowledge, practice and attitudes of secondary school and university students toward MERS-CoV infection. This is a cross-sectional study conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Study participants were recruited from several constituent colleges of King Saud University and secondary schools in Riyadh. Data were collected using self-administered, closed-ended questionnaires. Frequencies and proportions were computed for descriptive purposes. Chi square test was utilized to depict statistical difference between groups...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673404/contraception-determinants-in-youths-of-sierra-leone-are-largely-behavioral
#12
Aline Labat, Marta Medina, Mohammed Elhassein, Afrina Karim, Mohammad B Jalloh, Michèle Dramaix, Wei-Hong Zhang, Sophie Alexander, Kim E Dickson
BACKGROUND: Sexual initiation occurs early in Sierra Leone. This study aims to analyze the determinants of condom and/or contraceptive use among a representative sample of young persons (10 to 24 years) in Sierra Leone. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a study conducted to monitor the implementation of a UNFPA package of interventions directed to improve SRH in young people of Sierra Leone. This assessment was conducted in 2016 at the end of the Ebola outbreak...
April 19, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670992/promotion-of-hand-hygiene-the-experience-of-the-orthopaedic-hospital-gaetano-pini-cto-milan-italy
#13
M Nobile, C Conti, A Bastianelli, A Piscitelli, G M Calori, P Navone
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is the primary preventive measure against health care-associated infections in terms of cost-effectiveness. In 2005, the WHO proposed the "Global Patient Safety Challenge" campaign, with the aim of reducing the overall incidence of such infections, through multimodal programs and strategies, interactive training tools and standardised methods for monitoring compliance. STUDY DESIGN: On the basis of project "Rimani", sponsored by the Health and Social Care Authority of Emilia-Romagna, the Istituto Ortopedico Gaetano Pini has implemented a project which seeks to increase healthcare staff's compliance with hand hygiene...
May 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664909/higher-parental-occupational-social-contact-is-associated-with-a-reduced-risk-of-incident-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-mediation-through-molecular-enteroviral-indices
#14
Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Angela Pezic, Fergus J Cameron, Christine Rodda, Andrew S Kemp, John B Carlin, Heikki Hyoty, Amirbabak Sioofy-Khojine, Terence Dwyer, Justine A Ellis, Maria E Craig
We aimed to examine the association between parental occupational social contact and hygiene factors on type 1 diabetes (T1D) risk and possible mediation of these effects through child enteroviral infection. We interviewed 333 incident T1D cases and 660 controls from 2008-2011 in Melbourne, Australia. Enteroviral indices (ribonucleic acid by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Coxsackie B virus antibody levels) in peripheral blood were measured in nested case control samples. Parent occupational social contact was assessed by the number of well or sick children, adults or animals contacted daily through work...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657742/quantifying-the-relative-effects-of-environmental-and-direct-transmission-of-norovirus
#15
S Towers, J Chen, C Cruz, J Melendez, J Rodriguez, A Salinas, F Yu, Y Kang
Norovirus is a common cause of outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis in health- and child-care settings, with serial outbreaks also frequently observed aboard cruise ships. The relative contributions of environmental and direct person-to-person transmission of norovirus have hitherto not been quantified. We employ a novel mathematical model of norovirus transmission, and fit the model to daily incidence data from a major norovirus outbreak on a cruise ship, and examine the relative efficacy of potential control strategies aimed at reducing environmental and/or direct transmission...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650200/arbi-care-application-increases-preschool-children-s-hand-washing-self-efficacy-among-preschool-children
#16
Arbianingsih, Yossy Utario, Yeni Rustina, Tri Krianto, Dian Ayubi
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to examine the effectiveness of an Android mobile game application called Arbi Care as a means to prevent diarrhea and build self-efficacy in hand washing among preschool children. METHOD: This research used a pre- and post-test control group and time series design approach. Respondents were chosen randomly from a group of four to six years children. The intervention group (n = 60) received Arbi Care intervention for 25 minutes, twice a week, for five weeks while the control group (n = 60) received standard education...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642885/barriers-to-and-motivators-of-handwashing-behavior-among-mothers-of-neonates-in-rural-bangladesh
#17
Shahana Parveen, Sharifa Nasreen, Jelena V Allen, Kelly B Kamm, Shifat Khan, Shirina Akter, Tajnin Marin Lopa, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Stephen P Luby, Pavani K Ram
BACKGROUND: To design a maternal handwashing intervention for the newborn period, this qualitative study explored drivers of handwashing among mothers and other caregivers of neonates and infants in two rural areas of Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted 40 semi-structured observation sessions to observe handwashing behaviors of primiparous and multiparous mothers of neonates, and to understand the contextual factors that facilitated or hampered those behaviors. We then conducted 64 interviews with mothers of neonates and mothers of infants and 6 group discussions with mothers of infants, other female caregivers and fathers to explore perceptions, beliefs, and practices related to handwashing in the neonatal period...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629382/get-aware-of-hand-hygiene-implement-it-in-your-attitude
#18
Gitali Bhagawati
BACKGROUND: Although there is advancement in the health-care system, the rates of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are still high. Poor hand hygiene (HH) among healthcare workers (HCWs) is identified as one of the major causes of HAIs. AIMS: The aim and objective of this study is to assess the awareness and attitude regarding hand hygiene (HH) among HCWs in a superspecialty hospital in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional, semi-structured, questionnaire-based study was carried out in a superspecialty hospital, Uttar Pradesh, India...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623096/drinking-water-supply-sanitation-and-hygiene-promotion-interventions-in-two-slum-communities-in-central-uganda
#19
David Musoke, Rawlance Ndejjo, Abdullah Ali Halage, Simon Kasasa, John C Ssempebwa, David O Carpenter
Poor water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) continue to contribute to the high prevalence of diarrhoeal diseases in low-income countries such as Uganda particularly in slums. We implemented a 3-year WASH project in two urban slums in Uganda with a focus on safe drinking water and improvement in sanitation. The project implemented community and school interventions in addition to capacity building initiatives. Community interventions included home improvement campaigns, clean-up exercises, water quality assessment, promotion of drinking safe water through household point-of-use chlorination, promotion of hand washing, and support towards solid waste management...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622908/soil-contamination-rate-prevalence-intensity-of-infection-of-geohelminths-and-associated-risk-factors-among-residents-in-bazou-west-cameroon
#20
Blandine Ngatou Tchakounté, Vanessa Rosine Nkouayep, Josué Wabo Poné
Background: Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) infections remain an important public health problem in the tropics. This study aimed to evaluate the soil contamination rate and prevalence of infestations of geohelminth among residents in Bazou. Methods: Four hundred (400) soil samples and 182 stool specimens were collected respectively from four sites and from inhabitants aged 1 to 40 years and above in 12 households. A questionnaire was administered to evaluate risk factors of STH-infections...
January 2018: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
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