keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neglect syndrome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691755/my-patient-has-received-fluid-how-to-assess-its-efficacy-and-side-effects
#1
REVIEW
Xavier Monnet, Jean-Louis Teboul
Many efforts have been made to predict, before giving fluid, whether it will increase cardiac output. Nevertheless, after fluid administration, it is also essential to assess the therapeutic efficacy and to look for possible adverse effects. Like for any drug, this step should not be missed. Basically, volume expansion is aimed at improving tissue oxygenation and organ function. To assess this final result, clinical signs are often unhelpful. The increase in urine output in case of acute kidney injury is a poor marker of the kidney perfusion improvement...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684029/dispersion-and-oviposition-of-aedes-albopictus-in-a-brazilian-slum-initial-evidence-of-asian-tiger-mosquito-domiciliation-in-urban-environments
#2
Tania Ayllón, Daniel Cardoso Portela Câmara, Fernanda Cristina Morone, Larissa da Silva Gonçalves, Fábio Saito Monteiro de Barros, Patrícia Brasil, Marilia Sá Carvalho, Nildimar Alves Honório
Aedes albopictus, originally considered as a secondary vector for arbovirus transmission, especially in areas where this species co-exist with Aedes aegypti, has been described in most regions of the world. Dispersion and domiciliation of Ae. albopictus in a complex of densely urbanized slums in Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil, was evidenced. In this study, we tested the hypotheses that 1) Ae. albopictus distribution in urban slums is negatively related to distance from vegetation, and 2) these vectors have taken on a domestic life style with a portion of the population feeding, ovipositing, and resting indoors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614297/eeg-based-neglect-assessment-a-feasibility-study
#3
Aya Khalaf, Jessica Kersey, Safaa Eldeeb, Gazihan Alankus, Emily Grattan, Laura Waterstram, Elizabeth Skidmore, Murat Akcakaya
BACKGROUND: Spatial neglect (SN) is a neuropsychological syndrome that impairs automatic attention orienting to stimuli in the contralesional visual space of stroke patients. SN is commonly assessed using paper and pencil tests. Recently, computerized tests have been proposed to provide a dynamic assessment of SN. However, both paper- and computer-based methods have limitations. NEW METHOD: Electroencephalography (EEG) shows promise for overcoming the limitations of current assessment methods The aim of this work is to introduce an objective passive BCI system that records EEG signals in response to visual stimuli appearing in random locations on a screen with a dynamically changing background...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607558/outcome-reporting-across-randomised-trials-and-observational-studies-evaluating-treatments-for-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Helen Perry, James M N Duffy, Ogochukwu Umadia, Asma Khalil
BACKGROUND: Twin-Twin Transfusion syndrome is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Potential treatments require robust evaluation. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcome reporting across observational studies and randomised controlled trials assessing treatments for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). METHODS: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE and Medline were searched from inception to August 2016. Observational studies and randomised controlled trials reporting outcomes following a treatment for TTTS in monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies and monochorionic-triamniotic or dichorionic-triamniotic triplet pregnancies were included...
April 1, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604504/consequences-of-parental-burnout-its-specific-effect-on-child-neglect-and-violence
#5
Moïra Mikolajczak, Maria Elena Brianda, Hervé Avalosse, Isabelle Roskam
Parental burnout is a specific syndrome resulting from enduring exposure to chronic parenting stress. It encompasses three dimensions: an overwhelming exhaustion related to one's parental role, an emotional distancing from one's children and a sense of ineffectiveness in one's parental role. This study aims to facilitate further identification of the consequences of parental burnout for the parents themselves, their spouses and their child(ren). In a sample of 1551 parents, we examined the relationship between parental burnout and seven possible consequences: escapism and suicidal thoughts, addictions, sleep disorders, marital conflicts, a partner estrangement mindset, and neglect and violence towards one's child(ren)...
March 28, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600880/pharmacotherapeutic-strategies-for-treating-hypertension-in-patients-with-obesity
#6
Revathy Carnagarin, Vance Matthews, Cynthia Gregory, Markus P Schlaich
Hypertension and obesity are important health challenges that independently increase cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. There is a lack of randomized controlled trials to clearly inform on preferred drug choices to be adopted in clinical practice for the treatment of obesity-related hypertension (OHT). Adequate differentiation of drug classes for preferential use in obesity or the metabolic syndrome aimed at avoiding adverse effects on body weight and the metabolic profile is neglected in this population, at least in part due to the lack of specific pharmacologic recommendations in hypertension guidelines...
March 30, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595010/-asthma-and-obesity-preventable-therapeutic-trap-with-careful-follow-up
#7
S Peerboom, R Louis, F Schleich
Nowadays, more and more obese asthmatics visit a pulmonologist. It is proven that overweight stirs up the severity of the bronchopathy. It is a concept that is now anchored in the minds of most modern practitioners. Nevertheless, the idea that in some patients, excess weight can be an independent cause of the persistence of respiratory complaints, is sometimes neglected. This case report is about a severely obese poorly controlled asthmatic man, who turns out to be suffering from a concomitant obesity-hypoventilation syndrome...
March 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574430/rapidly-expanding-venous-intracerebral-haemorrhage-with-spot-sign
#8
Clark Funnell, Manraj K S Heran, Philip Teal, Thalia Field
A 79-year-old woman was brought to the hospital with an acute-onset left haemiparesis. On initial examination, she had a pure sensorimotor syndrome with left-sided weakness and sensory disturbance. Her mental status was normal. She had normal visual fields to confrontation and no neglect. Her initial CT and CT angiogram revealed cerebral venous thrombosis with associated haemorrhage. A 'spot sign' was visible on CT angiogram. Immediately following the CT scan, the patient had a rapidly progressive decline in level of consciousness, requiring endotracheal intubation...
March 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556949/more-sugar-no-thank-you-the-elusive-nature-of-low-carbohydrate-diets
#9
REVIEW
Dario Giugliano, Maria Ida Maiorino, Giuseppe Bellastella, Katherine Esposito
In the past decades, dietary guidelines focused on reducing saturated fat as the primary strategy for cardiovascular disease prevention, neglecting the many other potential effects of diet on health, in particular the harmful effects of sugar. A greater intake of soft drinks (sugar-sweetened beverages), for example, is associated with a 44% increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome, a higher risk of obesity, and a 26% increased risk of developing diabetes mellitus. Carbohydrates comprise around 55% of the typical western diet, ranging from 200 to 350 g/day in relation to a person's overall caloric intake...
March 19, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555852/eeg-correlates-of-preparatory-orienting-contextual-updating-and-inhibition-of-sensory-processing-in-left-spatial-neglect
#10
Stefano Lasaponara, Marianna D'Onofrio, Mario Pinto, Alessio Dragone, Dario Menicagli, Domenica Bueti, Marzia De Lucia, Francesco Tomaiuolo, Fabrizio Doricchi
Studies with Event Related Potentials (ERPs) have highlighted deficits in the early phases of orienting to left visual targets in right-brain-damaged patients with left spatial neglect (N+). However, brain responses associated with preparatory orienting of attention, with target novelty and with the detection of a match/mismatch between expected and actual targets (contextual updating), have not been explored in N+. Here in a study in healthy humans and brain damaged patients of both sexes we demonstrate that frontal activity that reflects supra-modal mechanisms of attentional orienting (ADAN) is entirely spared in N+...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551092/clinical-assessment-is-a-neglected-component-of-outbreak-preparedness-evidence-from-refugee-camps-in-greece
#11
Amanda M Rojek, Kassiani Gkolfinopoulou, Apostolos Veizis, Angeliki Lambrou, Lyndsey Castle, Theano Georgakopoulou, Karl Blanchet, Takis Panagiotopoulos, Peter W Horby
BACKGROUND: Refugees may have an increased vulnerability to infectious diseases, and the consequences of an outbreak are more severe in a refugee camp. When an outbreak is suspected, access to clinical information is critical for investigators to verify that an outbreak is occurring, to determine the cause and to select interventions to control it. Experience from previous outbreaks suggests that the accuracy and completeness of this information is poor. This study is the first to assess the adequacy of clinical characterisation of acute medical illnesses in refugee camps...
March 19, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540199/cerebrospinal-fluid-protein-and-glucose-levels-in-neonates-with-a-systemic-inflammatory-response-without-meningitis
#12
Mona Noureldein, Roxana Mardare, Jack Pickard, Hoi Lun Shing, Michael Eisenhut
BACKGROUND: It has been estimated that paediatric meningitis without elevated CSF white cell count (pleocytosis) accounts for 0.5-12% of all cases of bacterial meningitis. CSF protein and glucose measurements are therefore essential in management but may be neglected in clinical practice. In order to improve recognition of bacterial meningitis in neonates and to enable adequate management and audit, we investigated whether a systemic inflammatory response in the absence of meningitis is associated with elevated CSF protein and reduced CSF glucose levels...
March 14, 2018: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527157/computational-neuropsychology-and-bayesian-inference
#13
REVIEW
Thomas Parr, Geraint Rees, Karl J Friston
Computational theories of brain function have become very influential in neuroscience. They have facilitated the growth of formal approaches to disease, particularly in psychiatric research. In this paper, we provide a narrative review of the body of computational research addressing neuropsychological syndromes, and focus on those that employ Bayesian frameworks. Bayesian approaches to understanding brain function formulate perception and action as inferential processes. These inferences combine 'prior' beliefs with a generative (predictive) model to explain the causes of sensations...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523751/does-the-microbiome-and-virome-contribute-to-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Fiona Newberry, Shen-Yuan Hsieh, Tom Wileman, Simon R Carding
Myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME)/chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) (ME/CFS) is a disabling and debilitating disease of unknown aetiology. It is a heterogeneous disease characterized by various inflammatory, immune, viral, neurological and endocrine symptoms. Several microbiome studies have described alterations in the bacterial component of the microbiome (dysbiosis) consistent with a possible role in disease development. However, in focusing on the bacterial components of the microbiome, these studies have neglected the viral constituent known as the virome...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523287/objective-assessment-of-the-degree-of-improvement-or-deterioration-with-patients-by-means-of-ipsative-trend-analysis-of-resting-electroencephalograms
#15
Gerald Ulrich, Georg Juckel, Willi Schlösser
We report on a new quantitative EEG-approach, called Ipsative Trend Assessment which is based on the spatio-temporally defined patterns which are generated by the global interaction of cortical neurons. METHODS: The data were acquired from EEGs being recorded under resting conditions. Target variables are not the usually employed absolute values of the spectral parameters but rather their change being calculated from successive recordings with a single subjects design. RATIONALE: Since the resting-EEG does not provide specific information, we had to decide what else might be addressed by that method...
April 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519756/effects-of-cannabis-use-on-body-mass-fasting-glucose-and-lipids-during-the-first-12-months-of-treatment-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#16
F Scheffler, S Kilian, B Chiliza, L Asmal, L Phahladira, S du Plessis, M Kidd, R M Murray, M Di Forti, S Seedat, R Emsley
While acute cannabis use stimulates appetite, general population studies suggest that chronic use is associated with reduced risk of obesity and other cardiometabolic risk factors. In this study we investigated changes in body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose and lipids, and rates of metabolic syndrome risk factors in cannabis users vs. non-users in 109 minimally treated patients with first-episode schizophrenia, schizophreniform or schizo-affective disorder who were treated according to a standardized treatment regime with depot antipsychotic medication over 12 months...
March 6, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519455/the-parietal-lobe-and-the-vestibular-system
#17
Marianne Dieterich, Thomas Brandt
The vestibular cortex differs in various ways from other sensory cortices. It consists of a network of several distinct and separate temporoparietal areas. Its core region, the parietoinsular vestibular cortex (PIVC), is located in the posterior insula and retroinsular region and includes the parietal operculum. The entire network is multisensory (in particular, vestibular, visual, and somatosensory). The peripheral and central vestibular systems are bilaterally organized; there are various pontomesencephalic brainstem crossings and at least two transcallosal connections of both hemispheres, between the PIVC and the motion-sensitive visual cortex areas, which also mediate vestibular input...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511324/role-of-copy-number-variants-in-sudden-cardiac-death-and-related-diseases-genetic-analysis-and-translation-into-clinical-practice
#18
Jesus Mates, Irene Mademont-Soler, Bernat Del Olmo, Carles Ferrer-Costa, Monica Coll, Alexandra Pérez-Serra, Ferran Picó, Catarina Allegue, Anna Fernandez-Falgueras, Patricia Álvarez, Raquel Yotti, Maria Angeles Espinosa, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Sergi Cesar, Ester Carro, Josep Brugada, Elena Arbelo, Pablo Garcia-Pavia, Mar Borregan, Eduardo Tizzano, Amador López-Granados, Francisco Mazuelos, Aranzazu Díaz de Bustamante, Maria Teresa Darnaude, José Ignacio González-Hevia, Felícitas Díaz-Flores, Francisco Trujillo, Anna Iglesias, Francisco Fernandez-Aviles, Oscar Campuzano, Ramon Brugada
Several studies have identified copy number variants (CNVs) as responsible for cardiac diseases associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD), but very few exhaustive analyses in large cohorts of patients have been performed, and they have been generally focused on a specific SCD-related disease. The aim of the present study was to screen for CNVs the most prevalent genes associated with SCD in a large cohort of patients who suffered sudden unexplained death or had an inherited cardiac disease (cardiomyopathy or channelopathy)...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492904/the-associations-of-metabolic-syndrome-with-incident-hypertension-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-chronic-kidney-disease-a-cohort-study
#19
Chengyi Ding, Zhirong Yang, Shengfeng Wang, Feng Sun, Siyan Zhan
PURPOSE: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been extensively studied for its long-term health effects, typically through conventional Cox proportional hazards regression modeling of the overall association of MetS with a single outcome. Such an approach neglects the inherent links between MetS-related disease outcomes and fails to provide sufficient insights into the impact of each component of MetS over time. METHODS: We therefore conducted a retrospective cohort study of 63,680 individuals who received health check-ups at the MJ Health Screening Center in Taiwan from 1997-2005 to study the subsequent risks of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) simultaneously for MetS and its components...
February 28, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477010/impaired-detection-and-differentiation-of-briefly-presented-facial-emotions-in-adults-with-high-functioning-autism-and-asperger-syndrome
#20
R Frank, L Schulze, R Hellweg, S Koehne, S Roepke
Although deficits in the recognition of emotional facial expressions are considered a hallmark of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), characterization of abnormalities in the differentiation of emotional expressions (e.g., sad vs. angry) has been rather inconsistent, especially in adults without intellectual impairments who may compensate for their deficits. In addition, previous research neglected the ability to detect emotional expressions (e.g., angry vs. neutral). The present study used a backward masking paradigm to investigate, a) the detection of emotional expressions, and b) the differentiation of emotional expressions in adults diagnosed with high functioning autism or Asperger syndrome (n = 23) compared to neurotypical controls (n = 25)...
February 19, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
keyword
keyword
62553
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"