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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316098/therapeutic-options-for-dysfunctional-breathing-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Bodo Niggemann, Christine Lehmann, Dorothea Pfeiffer-Kascha, Christa Weiss
Dysfunctional breathing is common and represents important differential diagnoses for respiratory discomfort. Typical examples include habit cough, sighing dyspnoea, hyperventilation syndrome, dysfunctional breathing patterns or vocal cord dysfunction (1,2). Comorbidities are frequent, especially with bronchial asthma. In some cases dysfunctional breathing may be a sequelae of child neglect or abuse. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314918/oculomotor-prismatic-training-is-effective-in-ameliorating-spatial-neglect-a-pilot-study
#2
I Ronga, M Franza, P Sarasso, M Neppi-Modona
Visuomotor prismatic training has been demonstrated to be among the most effective rehabilitative techniques of spatial neglect, a neurological syndrome manifested by a number of right brain-damaged patients characterized by unawareness of the egocentric left half of the world. In the present study, we demonstrate that a novel oculomotor prismatic training procedure only consisting in a sequence of gaze shifts to visual targets, can reduce spatial neglect symptoms. Following oculomotor prismatic training, patients show a significant decrease in neglect severity in straight ahead and paper and pencil tasks...
March 17, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289763/-gender-and-cardiovascular-diseases-why-we-need-gender-medicine
#3
V Regitz-Zagrosek
Gender medicine is concerned with the question of why diseases are expressed differently in the genders. It takes differences between men and women into account, which are often neglected by traditional medicine. Sex differences can also be found in cardiovascular diseases; therefore, risk factors for cardiovascular diseases have a different significance depending on the sex. Diabetic diseases tend to promote the occurrence of coronary heart disease (CHD) more strongly in women than in men. Myocardial infarctions affect women 10 years later than men and young women are often treated too late, possibly because myocardial infarction is consider to be a "male disease"...
March 13, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261144/parallel-distinct-structures-of-internal-world-and-external-reality-disavowing-and-re-claiming-the-self-identity-in-the-aftermath-of-trauma-generated-dissociation
#4
Vedat Şar
The nature of consciousness and the autonomy of the individual's mind have been a focus of interest throughout the past century and inspired many theories and models. Revival of studies on psychological trauma and dissociation, which remained outside mainstream psychiatry, psychology, and psychoanalysis for the most part of the past century, has provided a new opportunity to revisit this intellectual and scientific endeavor. This paper attempts to integrate a series of empirical and theoretical studies on psychological consequences of developmental traumatization, which may yield further insight into factors which threaten the integrity of human consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256436/parkinsonian-pyramidal-syndromes-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Christine Tranchant, Meriam Koob, Mathieu Anheim
INTRODUCTION: Parkinsonian-Pyramidal syndrome (PPS), defined as the combination of both pyramidal and parkinsonian signs is a concept that recently emerged. PPS may manifest itself in numerous neurodegenerative diseases, many of these being inherited. Their diagnosis is a major challenge for the clinical management, for the prognosis, for genetic counselling and, in a few cases, which should not be neglected, for specific treatment. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to provide a review of PPS and an algorithm in order to guide their diagnosis in clinical practice...
February 22, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236079/the-2017-abjs-nicolas-andry-award-advancing-personalized-medicine-for-clubfoot-through-translational-research
#6
Matthew B Dobbs, Christina A Gurnett
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is one of the most common pediatric orthopaedic disorders. While the Ponseti method has revolutionized clubfoot treatment, it is not effective for all patients. When the Ponseti method does not correct the foot, patients are at risk for lifelong disability and may require more-extensive surgery. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What genetic and morphologic abnormalities contribute to the development of clubfoot? (2) How can this information be used to devise personalized treatment paradigms for patients with clubfoot? METHODS: Human gene sequencing, molecular genetic engineering of mouse models of clubfoot, MRI of clubfoot, and development of new treatment methods all have been used by our group to understand the biological basis and improve therapy for this group of disorders...
February 24, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226083/dengue-infection-in-the-nervous-system-lessons-learned-for-zika-and-chikungunya
#7
Marzia Puccioni-Sohler, Natalia Roveroni, Carolina Rosadas, Fernando Ferry, Jose Mauro Peralta, Amilcar Tanuri
Dengue, Zika and Chikungunya are emerging arboviruses and important causes of acute febrile disease in tropical areas. Although dengue does not represent a new condition, a geographic expansion over time has occurred with the appearance of severe neurological complications. Neglect has allowed the propagation of the vector (Aedes spp), which is also responsible for the transmission of other infections such as Zika and Chikungunya throughout the world. The increased number of infected individuals has contributed to the rise of neurological manifestations including encephalitis, myelitis, meningitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome and congenital malformations such as microcephaly...
February 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224761/temporal-order-judgements-as-a-sensitive-measure-of-the-spatial-bias-in-patients-with-visuospatial-neglect
#8
Stefan Van der Stigchel, Tanja C W Nijboer
Visuospatial neglect is not a unitary phenomenon, but can be better considered a syndrome, consisting of a multitude of different spatial and non-spatial components. In this study, we used a temporal order judgement (TOJ) test in a large sample of stroke patients (n = 73) to scrutinize the contribution of a spatial bias to the performance on shape cancellation and line bisection tests. In the TOJ test, patients were presented with two elements, one in each visual field, after which the one needed to indicate which of the two elements was presented earlier...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223059/fear-of-future-terrorism-associated-psychiatric-burden
#9
T Abiola, O Udofia, T L Sheikh, D A Yusuf
BACKGROUND: The mental health burden from fear of future terrorism has not been given much research attention compared to the immediate mental distress such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Such neglected ongoing mental health morbidity associated with threats of terrorism had been described as pre-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSS). OBJECTIVE: The study highlighted this phenomenon (PTSS) in Nigeria by examining the catastrophic burden of the fear of future terrorism and associated psychiatric burden among adult population in Kaduna city...
February 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222568/severe-disorders-of-consciousness-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-single-centre-long-term-follow-up-study
#10
Alex Lopez-Rolon, Jana Vogler, Kaitlen Howell, Jonathan Shock, Stefan Czermak, Suzette Heck, Andreas Straube, Andreas Bender
OBJECTIVES: To assess long-term clinical outcome, functional independence and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in acquired brain injury (ABI) patients with a disorder of consciousness at admission to inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: We selected patients from a cohort of ABI patients from a single centre. In addition to mortality, we measured level of consciousness with the Coma Remission Scale, functional independence with the Barthel Index, as well as generic and condition-specific HRQOL with the EQ5D and the "Quality of Life after Brain Injury" (QOLIBRI) respectively...
February 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220082/synaptic-and-neuronal-autoantibody-associated-psychiatric-syndromes-controversies-and-hypotheses
#11
Adam Al-Diwani, Thomas A Pollak, Alexander E Langford, Belinda R Lennox
Autoimmune encephalitis (AE) mediated by antibodies against synaptic and neuronal surface targets frequently presents with a psychiatric syndrome. In these patients, removal of autoantibodies treats the disease and outcomes are closely linked to early intervention. The discovery of these autoantibodies in isolated psychiatric syndromes has raised the possibility that these patients may derive similar benefits from immunotherapy, a potentially transformational approach to the treatment of mental illness. Although open-label case series suggest impressive therapeutic outcomes, the pathological relevance of these autoantibodies outside of canonical presentations is debated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214126/pulmonary-nodules-in-african-migrants-caused-by-chronic-schistosomiasis
#12
REVIEW
Federico Gobbi, Dora Buonfrate, Andrea Angheben, Anna Beltrame, Matteo Bassetti, Luca Bertolaccini, Giuseppe Bogina, Simone Caia, Silvia Duranti, Maria Gobbo, Valentina Marchese, Stefania Marocco, Maria Merelli, Geraldo Monteiro, Alberto Terzi, Zeno Bisoffi
Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease that can cause mainly hepatic and genitourinary damage, depending on the species. Involvement of the lungs has been commonly described in acute infection (Katayama syndrome) and chronic infection (pulmonary hypertension). Although rarely reported in the scientific literature, cases of lung nodules due to chronic schistosome infection are also possible and are probably more frequent than commonly thought. Here we report seven cases of African migrants who were diagnosed with chronic schistosomiasis and pulmonary nodules due to deposition of schistosome eggs, and we compare our findings to the case reports found in the scientific literature...
February 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191014/extrahepatic-autoimmune-diseases-in-patients-with-autoimmune-liver-diseases-a-phenomenon-neglected-by-gastroenterologists
#13
REVIEW
Liping Guo, Lu Zhou, Na Zhang, Baoru Deng, Bangmao Wang
Autoimmune liver diseases (AILDs) often coexist with other extrahepatic autoimmune diseases (EHAIDs). The spectrum of EHAIDs in patients with AILDs is similar, whereas the incidence is different. Notably, autoimmune thyroid disease and Sjogren's syndrome are the most common EHAIDs. Associated extrahepatic diseases may predate the appearance of AILDs or coincide with their onset. More frequently, they may appear during the course and even occur years after the diagnosis of AILDs. Importantly, associated EHAIDs may influence the natural course and prognosis of AILDs...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190682/perception-of-active-head-rotation-in-patients-with-severe-left-unilateral-spatial-neglect
#14
Shinobu Kaibe, Manabu Okita, Hideto Kaba
Unilateral spatial neglect is a common neurological syndrome following predominantly right hemisphere damage, and is characterized by a failure to perceive and report stimuli in the contralesional side of space. To test the reference shift hypothesis that contralesional spatial neglect in right-brain-damaged patients is attributed to a rightward deviation of the egocentric reference frame, we measured the final angular position to which controls and left-side neglect patients actively turned their head toward the left in response to a verbal instruction given from each of three locations-right, left, and front-in two conditions, with and without visual feedback...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181212/prevalence-and-characteristic-of-osafed-syndrome-in-atrial-fibrillation-primary-care-patients
#15
Jacek Wolf, Tadeusz Dereziński, Anna Szyndler, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) constitutes the most prevalent arrhythmia affecting up-to 2% percent of general population. Apart from well-established risk factors which increase the odds for the development of AF e.g. age or arterial hypertension, recent analyses indicated that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may independently, negatively modify arrhythmia occurrence profile. Concurrently, erectile dysfunction (ED) is commonly neglected, potent marker of cardiovascular risk which considerably worsens men's psychological state...
February 9, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167861/self-reported-childhood-maltreatment-and-traumatic-events-among-israeli-patients-suffering-from-fibromyalgia-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Raneen Hellou, Winfried Häuser, Inbal Brenner, Dan Buskila, Giris Jacob, Ori Elkayam, Valerie Aloush, Jacob N Ablin
Objective. The association between Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) and childhood maltreatment and adversity has frequently been proposed but limited data exists regarding the transcultural nature of this association. Methods. 75 Israeli FMS patients and 23 Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients were compared. Childhood maltreatment was assessed by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and potential depressive and anxiety disorders were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-4. FMS severity was assessed by the Widespread Pain Index (WPI), the Symptom Severity Score (SSS), and the FIQ...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155231/charge-syndrome-gastrointestinal-involvement-from-mouth-to-anus
#17
REVIEW
A Hudson, M Macdonald, J N Friedman, K Blake
CHARGE syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder that occurs as a result of a heterozygous loss-of-function mutation in the chromodomain helicase DNA-binding (CHD7) gene, which is important for neural crest cell formation. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and feeding difficulties are highly prevalent but are often a neglected area of diagnosis, treatment, and research. Cranial nerve dysfunction, craniofacial abnormalities, and other physical manifestations of this syndrome lead to gut dysmotility, sensory impairment, and oral-motor function abnormalities...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149091/corpus-callosum-and-neglect-syndrome-clinical-findings-after-meningioma-removal-and-anatomical-review
#18
REVIEW
David Gomes, Madalena Fonseca, Maria Garrotes, Maria Rita Lima, Marta Mendonça, Mariana Pereira, Miguel Lourenço, Edson Oliveira, José Pedro Lavrador
Two types of neglect are described: hemispatial and motivational neglect syndromes. Neglect syndrome is a neurophysiologic condition characterized by a malfunction in one hemisphere of the brain, resulting in contralateral hemispatial neglect in the absence of sensory loss and the right parietal lobe lesion being the most common anatomical site leading to it. In motivational neglect, the less emotional input is considered from the neglected side where anterior cingulate cortex harbors the most frequent lesions...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115322/infection-the-neglected-paradigm-in-sids-research
#19
REVIEW
Paul Nathan Goldwater
Despite decades of investigation and millions of dollars spent, the cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) eludes researchers. It is timely therefore to reconsider the reasons for this failure and to explore how research might go forward with better prospects. This review assesses SIDS research in the context of clinicopathological and epidemiological features and determines that only infection attains congruence.
January 23, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111749/progress-report-on-new-antiepileptic-drugs-a-summary-of-the-thirteenth-eilat-conference-on-new-antiepileptic-drugs-and-devices-eilat-xiii
#20
REVIEW
Meir Bialer, Svein I Johannessen, René H Levy, Emilio Perucca, Torbjörn Tomson, H Steve White
The Thirteenth Eilat Conference on New Antiepileptic Drugs and Devices (EILAT XIII) took place in Madrid, Spain, on June 26-29, 2016, and was attended by >200 delegates from 31 countries. The present Progress Report provides an update on experimental and clinical results for drugs presented at the Conference. Compounds for which summary data are presented include an AED approved in 2016 (brivaracetam), 12 drugs in phase I-III clinical development (adenosine, allopregnanolone, bumetanide, cannabidiol, cannabidivarin, 2-deoxy-d-glucose, everolimus, fenfluramine, huperzine A, minocycline, SAGE-217, and valnoctamide) and 6 compounds or classes of compounds for which only preclinical data are available (bumetanide derivatives, sec-butylpropylacetamide, FV-082, 1OP-2198, NAX 810-2, and SAGE-689)...
January 23, 2017: Epilepsia
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