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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786882/feasibility-of-assessing-prognostic-nutrition-index-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-who-receive-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy
#1
Yoshinaga Okugawa, Yuji Toiyama, Satoshi Oki, Shozo Ide, Akira Yamamoto, Takashi Ichikawa, Takahito Kitajima, Hiroyuki Fujikawa, Hiromi Yasuda, Susumu Saigusa, Junichiro Hiro, Shigeyuki Yoshiyama, Minako Kobayashi, Toshimitsu Araki, Masato Kusunoki
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition can adversely affect treatment responses and oncological outcomes in cancer patients. However, among patients with rectal cancer who undergo chemoradiotherapy (CRT), the significance of peri-treatment nutrition assessment as a predictor of treatment response and outcome remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether the Prognostic Nutrition Index (PNI) based on peri-treatment serum can be used as a predictor of treatment response and outcome in patients with rectal cancer who undergo CRT...
January 7, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786546/flt3-itd-compared-with-dnmt3a-r882-mutation-is-a-more-powerful-independent-inferior-prognostic-factor-in-adult-aml-patients-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Majid Teremmahi Ardestani, Ahmad Kazemi, Bahram Chahardouli, Saeed Mohammadi, Mohsen Nikbakht, Shahrbano Rostami, Mahdi Jalili, Mohammad Vaezi, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh
OBJECTIVE: To identify DNMT3A exon 23 mutations and their prognostic impact in the presence of FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients treated with Allo-HSCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study analyzed128 adult AML patients referred to the Hematology-Oncology & Stem Cell Research Center of Shariati hospital. FLT3-ITD and NPM1 mutations were detected using fragment analysis. For DNMT3A exon 23 mutation analysis, we used Sanger sequencing...
May 22, 2018: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786487/diffusion-weighted-mri-is-superior-to-pet-ct-in-predicting-survival-of-patients-undergoing-90-y-radioembolization-of-hepatic-metastases
#3
Alexandra Barabasch, Alexander Heinzel, Philipp Bruners, Nils A Kraemer, Christiane K Kuhl
Purpose To determine the relationship between diffusion-weighted (DW) liver MR images obtained 4-6 weeks after lobar yttrium 90 (90 Y) treatment and overall survival in comparison with PET/CT or established oncologic factors known to affect survival. Materials and Methods The institutional review board approved this prospective intraindividual comparative study in 36 consecutive patients (25 women) with liver-dominant metastases (20 colorectal, 14 breast, two other) (mean age, 60 years ± 10 [standard deviation]) who underwent fluorine 18 (18 F) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT and DW MRI before and 4-6 weeks after 90 Y radioembolization...
May 21, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786128/long-term-oncologic-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sentinel-node-navigation-surgery-in-early-gastric-cancer-a-single-center-single-arm-phase-ii-trial
#4
Do Joong Park, Young Suk Park, Sang Yong Son, Ju-Hee Lee, Hye Seung Lee, Young Soo Park, Kyoung Ho Lee, Young Hoon Kim, Kyoung Un Park, Won Woo Lee, Soyeon Ahn, Sang-Hoon Ahn, Hyung-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS) in early gastric cancer (EGC) is technically feasible according to previous literature, however its long-term oncologic safety has not been reported. METHODS: A single-center, single-arm, phase II trial was conducted to determine the oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic sentinel node (SN) biopsy in clinical stage T1N0M0 gastric cancer patients. Cases with positive SNs on intraoperative pathologic examination underwent conventional gastrectomy with radical lymphadenectomy (SN-positive group), whereas those with negative SNs underwent laparoendoscopic-limited gastric resections without further lymph node dissections (SN-negative group)...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786126/prophylactic-central-compartment-neck-dissection-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer-and-effect-on-locoregional-recurrence
#5
David T Hughes, Jennifer E Rosen, Douglas B Evans, Elizabeth Grubbs, Tracy S Wang, Carmen C Solórzano
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (pCCND) in addition to total thyroidectomy (TT) includes removal of central compartment lymph nodes in the absence of clinical involvement on preoperative and intraoperative evaluation. The data regarding the influence of pCCND on oncologic outcomes and surgical complication rates is mixed and, therefore, is the focus of this analysis. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on total thyroidectomy with prophylactic central compartment neck dissection (TT + pCCND) from January 1990 to October 2017 identified 221 abstracts of which 17 met inclusion criteria and were reviewed (1 randomized-control trial, 13 retrospective cohort studies, and 3 meta-analyses)...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786037/preliminary-outcome-of-individualized-abdominoperineal-excision-for-locally-advanced-low-rectal-cancer
#6
Yi Zheng, Jia-Gang Han, Zhen-Jun Wang, Zhi-Gang Gao, Guang-Hui Wei, Zhi-Wei Zhai, Bao-Cheng Zhao
Background: The introduction of individualized abdominoperineal excision (APE) may minimize operative trauma and reduce the rate of complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of individualized APE for low rectal cancer. Methods: Fifty-six patients who underwent individualized APE from June 2011 to June 2015 were evaluated retrospectively in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University. The main outcome measures were circumferential resection margin (CRM) involvement, intraoperative perforation, postoperative complications, and local recurrence...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785939/exploring-an-integrative-patient-tailored-complementary-medicine-approach-for-chemotherapy-induced-taste-disorders
#7
Eran Ben-Arye, Ilana Doweck, Elad Schiff, Noah Samuels
CONTEXT: Chemotherapy-induced taste disorder (CITD) is a common adverse effect among patients with cancer, with no effective known treatment. OBJECTIVES: Exploring the impact of a patient-tailored complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) treatment program on CITD-related severity. DESIGN: Prospective study on patients' chart. SETTING: Integrative oncology program operating within the Clalit Healthcare Oncology Service in northern Israel...
April 22, 2018: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785875/egfr-tkis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-focus-on-clinical-pharmacology-and-mechanisms-of-resistance
#8
Stefano Fogli, Beatrice Polini, Marzia Del Re, Iacopo Petrini, Antonio Passaro, Stefania Crucitta, Eleonora Rofi, Romano Danesi
The clinical introduction of EGFR-TKIs within the oncologic armamentarium has changed the therapeutic landscape of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) creating widespread expectations both in patients and clinicians. However, several gaps in current understanding leave open important questions regarding the use of these drugs in clinical practice. For instance, there is uncertainty in regard to which EGFR-TKI should be given first in naive patients with EGFR-driven malignancies since different generations of drugs are available with different pharmacological profiles...
May 22, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785861/prognostic-importance-of-albumin-to-globulin-ratio-in-metastatic-gastric-cancer-patients
#9
Yakup Bozkaya, Gökmen Umut Erdem, Nebi Serkan Demirci, Ozan Yazıcı, Nuriye Yıldırım Özdemir, Osman Köstek, Nurullah Zengin
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic importance of albumin to globulin ratio (AGR) in terms of overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) in metastatic gastric cancer patients. METHODS: The patients diagnosed with metastatic gastric cancer between 2009 and April 2016 at our hospital have been studied retrospectively. The clinicopathological characteristics, laboratory and treatment parameters have been assessed. AGR value has been calculated using the following formula (AGR = serum albumin/total protein-serum albumin)...
May 22, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785770/chemoprevention-acceptance-and-adherence-in-women-with-high-risk-breast-lesions
#10
Constance A Roche, Rong Tang, Suzanne B Coopey, Kevin S Hughes
Patients with atypical hyperplasia and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) (atypical breast lesions) are at high risk of developing breast cancer, and chemoprevention has been shown to confer a substantial reduction in that risk. Despite this, the overall rate of chemoprevention utilization in this group is low. This study evaluates the efficacy of a formal individualized education and counseling session on patient acceptance and adherence to chemoprevention. Patients with atypical breast lesions having an individualized education and counseling session in a single surgical oncology practice were prospectively entered into a database from 2001 to 2016, and with IRB approval, their data were analyzed...
May 21, 2018: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785764/the-effect-of-the-2009-uspstf-breast-cancer-screening-recommendations-on-breast-cancer-in-michigan-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Jamie Caughran, Tom M Braun, Tara M Breslin, Daniel R Smith, Jennifer L Kreinbrink, Grace K Parish, Alan T Davis, Teresa A Bacon-Baguley, Samuel M Silver, Norah L Henry
In 2009, the revised United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines recommended against routine screening mammography for women age 40-49 years and against teaching self-breast examinations (SBE). The aim of this study was to analyze whether breast cancer method of presentation changed following the 2009 USPSTF screening recommendations in a large Michigan cohort. Data were collected on women with newly diagnosed stage 0-III breast cancer participating in the Michigan Breast Oncology Quality Initiative (MiBOQI) registry at 25 statewide institutions from 2006 to 2015...
May 21, 2018: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785683/targeted-therapies-and-adverse-drug-reactions-in-oncology-the-role-of-clinical-pharmacist-in-pharmacovigilance
#12
G Fornasier, M Taborelli, S Francescon, J Polesel, M Aliberti, P De Paoli, P Baldo
Background The majority of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reported in the summary of product characteristics (SPCs) are based on pivotal clinical trials, performed under controlled conditions and with selected patients. Objectives (1) to observe ADRs in the real-world setting and to evaluate if the supervision of the pharmacist impacts on the management of ADRs and on the satisfaction of patients; (2) to sensitise health professionals and patients on the need to increase the reporting of ADRs, in compliance with Pharmacovigilance...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785682/the-modified-memorial-symptom-assessment-scale-short-form-a-modified-response-format-and-rational-scoring-rules
#13
J L Sharp, K Gough, M C Pascoe, A Drosdowsky, V T Chang, P Schofield
PURPOSE: The Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale Short Form (MSAS-SF) is a widely used symptom assessment instrument. Patients who self-complete the MSAS-SF have difficulty following the two-part response format, resulting in incorrectly completed responses. We describe modifications to the response format to improve useability, and rational scoring rules for incorrectly completed items. METHODS: The modified MSAS-SF was completed by 311 women in our Peer and Nurse support Trial to Assist women in Gynaecological Oncology; the PeNTAGOn study...
May 21, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785662/the-timing-and-circumstances-of-the-implementation-of-pediatric-palliative-care-in-hungarian-pediatric-oncology
#14
Judit Nyirő, Szilvia Zörgő, Földesi Enikő, Katalin Hegedűs, Péter Hauser
Despite the continuous improvement of pediatric palliative care, medical professionals still face various barriers regarding its implementation; our aim was to investigate this question in Hungarian pediatric oncology practice. Structured interviews were carried out in person with physicians from the Hungarian Pediatric Oncology Group (n = 22). Codes were generated inductively with the aid of Atlas.ti 6.0 software. Most physicians placed the palliative care discussion at the end of curative treatment (n = 21) and preferred to conduct it in a team setting (n = 18), mainly in the presence of a psychologist...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785559/childbirth-after-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-population-based-study
#15
Hazel B Nichols, Chelsea Anderson, Kathryn J Ruddy, Kristin Z Black, Barbara Luke, Stephanie M Engel, Jennifer E Mersereau
PURPOSE: Annually, > 45,000 US women are diagnosed with cancer during adolescence and young adulthood (AYA). Since 2006, national guidelines have recommended fertility counseling for cancer patients. We examined childbirth after AYA cancer by calendar period, cancer diagnosis, and maternal characteristics. METHODS: We identified a cohort of women with an incident invasive AYA cancer diagnosis at ages 15-39 during 2000-2013 in North Carolina. Cancer records were linked with statewide birth certificates through 2014...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785528/a-rare-case-of-ascending-colon-adenocarcinoma-incarcerated-in-an-inguinoscrotal-hernia-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Tien Yew Chern, Yeng Kwang Tay, Dayashan Shevantha Perera
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernias and colorectal cancers are common conditions, but the presentation of a loop of bowel containing cancer within a hernia is rare. Principles of surgery include oncological resection of the involved colonic segment as well as lymphatic drainage. Based on case reports of the last several decades, there have been no reports of a case where the reduction of an inguinoscrotal hernia and oncological colectomy were performed completely laparoscopically. We present the first instance of a completely laparoscopically assisted resection and hernia repair on a patient with T4 ascending colon cancer...
May 21, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785298/impact-of-near-infrared-angiography-on-the-quality-of-anatomical-resection-during-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-segmentectomy
#17
Benoît Bédat, Frédéric Triponez, Samira Mercedes Sadowski, Christophe Ellenberger, Marc Licker, Wolfram Karenovics
Background: The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of near-infrared angiography in guiding intraoperatively sublobar anatomical resection by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from 67 patients who underwent segmentectomy by VATS from November 2014 to November 2017 at the University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland. The need to modify arterial or parenchymal resection based on intraoperative near-infrared imaging was considered the primary study outcome...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785293/planning-and-marking-for-thoracoscopic-anatomical-segmentectomies
#18
Agathe Seguin-Givelet, Madalina Grigoroiu, Emmanuel Brian, Dominique Gossot
Although sublobar resection (SLR) for treating non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is still controversial, thoracoscopic segmentectomy is rising. Performing it by closed chest surgery is complex as it means confirming the location of the lesion, identifying vascular and bronchial structures, preserving venous drainage of adjacent segments, severing the intersegmental plane and ensuring an oncological safety margin with no manual palpation and different landmarks. Accurate planning is mandatory. We discuss in this article the interest of 3D reconstruction and mapping technics to enhance safety and reliability of these procedures...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785289/what-is-the-role-of-wedge-resection-for-t1a-lung-cancer
#19
Sebron Harrison, Brendon Stiles, Nasser Altorki
Since 1995, lobar resection became the standard of care for medically fit patients with early stage lung cancer. This was based on the results of a single randomized trial comparing lobectomy and sublobar resection (SLR) in stage I lung cancer conducted by the lung cancer study group between 1982 and 1988. The conclusions of the study included a statistically significant tripling in loco-regional recurrence (LR) after limited resection but no difference between the two arms of the trial in systemic recurrence...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785288/t1a-lung-carcinoma-the-place-of-segmentectomy-in-the-treatment-array
#20
Sameer A Hirji, Scott J Swanson
Contemporary management of early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is evolving and can be attributed to a change in size and histology of lung cancer, advancements in imaging modalities, instrumentation and surgical techniques. The emergence of segmentectomy has further challenged the existing treatment landscape, with promising results. Despite limited widespread adoption, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) segmentectomy is a safe option in the treatment of patients with small stage I lung cancers, with excellent oncologic results and improved morbidity relative to open techniques...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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