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Psychoanalytic review

David E Scharff
Using extensive quotation, the author reviews the introduction and current state of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy in China from the vantage point of recent publications in English. Psychoanalysis was briefly introduced to China before the Communist era, then forbidden, and has experienced an accelerated reintroduction since the late 1980s. The author briefly summarizes the cultural and historical background of China relevant to the introduction of psychoanalysis, the traumatic history of China, and the deep structure of thought and philosophical differences from Western culture that challenge a simple imposition of psychoanalytic ideas and practice, and some psychological effects of rapid cultural change throughout China...
October 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Aloise de Codt, Pauline Monhonval, Xavier Bongaerts, Ikram Belkacemi, Juan Martin Tecco
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a chronic psychiatric disease with a high prevalence and is a major psychosocial and medical burden. The exact etiological pathways of bipolar disorder are not fully understood. Genetic factors are known to play an important role in the etiology of bipolar disorder. However, high rates of discordance among identical twins and a growing body of evidence that environmental factors such as early stress can influence the onset and course of psychiatric diseases underline the importance of additional etiological mechanisms of bipolar disorders...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Claudia Subic-Wrana, Leslie S Greenberg, Richard D Lane, Matthias Michal, Jörg Wiltink, Manfred E Beutel
OBJECTIVES: Affective change has been considered the hallmark of therapeutic change in psychoanalysis. Psychoanalytic writers have begun to incorporate theoretically the advanced understanding of emotional processing and transformation of the affective neurosciences. We ask if this theoretical advancement is reflected in treatment techniques addressing the processing of emotion. METHODS: We review psychoanalytic models and treatment recommendations of maladaptive affect processing in the light of a neuroscientifically informed model of achieving psychotherapeutic change by activation and reconsolidation of emotional memory...
September 2016: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Gabriela Legorreta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Vic Sedlak
The first section of the paper explores a number of differing views regarding the concept of the superego, essentially in terms of its formation and its functions. Two broad theories of superego development, both of which were introduced by Freud, are described. The first takes the superego to be principally oedipal in origin; the second traces the superego to an earlier period. The controversy about the usefulness of the concept of the death instinct is also implicated in the different views. It is then suggested that it is worthwhile to distinguish between a normal superego and a pathological superego and that these two distinct models of the superego are implicit in the work of both Freud and Klein...
July 4, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
M Villani, V Kovess-Masféty
INTRODUCTION: The progressive shifts in the legal and social contexts, along with major changes in information seeking habits with the development of the Internet, have placed patients' information at the core of medical practice. This has to be applied to the psychiatric fields as well, and to questions about how schizophrenic patients are being told their diagnosis nowadays in France. METHODS: This paper is a national and international literature review about schizophrenia diagnosis disclosure practices, from 1972 to 2014, using French and English languages and various psychology and medical databases...
June 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
Giorgio A Tasca
This is a commentary on 3 case studies of relationship-focused therapies for eating disorders. The 3 approaches vary along a number of dimensions, but nevertheless share important similarities especially related to the role played by variables such as interpersonal problems and affect dysregulation. I briefly review research on interpersonal- and attachment-based models of eating disorders that provide the evidence-base for theories of therapy that are relationship-focused. The Interpersonal Psychotherapy case presented by Tanofsky-Kraff, Shomaker, Young, and Wilfley (2016) illustrates how a group context can facilitate change in key role disputes and role transitions in an adolescent at risk of developing an eating disorder later in her life...
June 2016: Psychotherapy
Vera Békés, J Christopher Perry, Brian M Robertson
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on psychological masochism to identify hypotheses for examination in clinical studies. METHOD: We identified defenses, conflicts, and motives using standardized measures in 23 psychoanalytic papers. RESULTS: Three primary and three secondary subtypes of masochism emerged in the literature. Overall Gratification Inhibition (subtype I.1) was the "healthiest" form, associated with higher developmental level motives and neurotic defenses...
June 1, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Mark F Poster, Galina Hristeva, Michael Giefer
The life and works of Georg Groddeck are reviewed and placed in historical context as a physician and a pioneer of psychoanalysis, psychosomatic medicine, and an epistolary style of writing. His Das Es concept stimulated Freud to construct his tripartite model of the mind. Groddeck, however, used Das Es to facilitate receptivity to unconscious communication with his patients. His "maternal turn" transformed his treatment approach from an authoritarian position to a dialectical process. Groddeck was a generative influence on the development of Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, Erich Fromm, and Karen Horney...
June 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Mark Saban
In his review of Memories Dreams Reflections, Winnicott diagnosed Jung as suffering from a psychic split, and characterized the content and the structure of analytical psychology as primarily moulded and conditioned by Jung's own defensive quest for a 'self that he could call his own'. This pathologizing analysis continues to be endorsed by contemporary Jungian writers. In this paper I attempt to show that Winnicott's critique is fundamentally misguided because it derives from a psychoanalytic model of the psyche, a model that regards all dissociation as necessarily pathological...
June 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
F Brossard, R Caron
OBJECTIVES: Various behavior disorders can occur during Alzheimer's disease, in particular unexpected outings. This article aims at understanding the diverse mechanisms present during a "runaway" episode, which can manifest in an acute way. The authors bring to light through clinical examples what is at work from a psychological perspective in order to create new accompaniment methods. METHOD: First, the authors reviewed the literature on runaway episodes in order to point out necessary themes for reflection...
May 11, 2016: L'Encéphale
Daniel Jacobs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Howard B Levine
After briefly reviewing Freud's search for "the truth" in psychoanalytic treatments, the author discusses Bion's views on truth and its prominence in his thinking. The author then addresses various definitions of truth, drawing particularly on recent comments by Ogden (2015). Considerations of the relationship between truth and philosophy, and of that between truth and the arts, follow; the author then returns to a focus on psychoanalytic truth as emergent. Our view of the latter has been strongly influenced, he notes, by changing views of therapeutic action and the goals of psychoanalysis...
April 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Rachel B Blass
In responding to the question of whether truth in psychoanalysis is relevant today, the author presents what she refers to as a traditional Freudian-Kleinian perspective. According to this perspective, truth is not only relevant, but rather the quest for it is the alpha and omega of psychoanalytic practice. The author reviews Freud's approach to truth and then discusses Klein's essential contribution to its understanding, grounding, and enrichment, highlighting Klein's thinking about phantasy and the life and death instincts...
April 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Juan Pablo Jimenez
A clinical phenomenology of the concept 'unconscious fantasy' attempts to describe it from a 'bottom-up' perspective, that is, from the immediate experience of the analyst working in session. Articles of psychoanalytic authors from different persuasions are reviewed, which taken as a whole would shed some light on how the concept of unconscious fantasy takes shape in the analyst's mind during the session with the patient. A clinical phenomenology in three steps is described. Each step is illustrated by clinical material...
April 5, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Merav Rabinovich
The current research belongs to the stream of theoretical integration and establishes a theoretical platform for integrative psychotherapy in anxiety disorders. Qualitative metasynthesis procedures were applied to 40 peer-reviewed psychoanalytic articles involving emotional regulation. The concept of psychodynamic emotional regulation was found to be connected with the categories of desensitization, gradual exposure, containment, and transference. This article presents a model according to which psychoanalytic psychotherapy allows anxiety to be tolerated while following the core principles of systematic desensitization...
2016: American Journal of Psychology
Graeme J Taylor
Although Freud considered castration to be one of the two major anxieties of human life, the castration complex has been relatively neglected in contemporary psychoanalytic writing and is insufficiently discussed in presentations of clinical cases. This article discusses the relevance of the concept to contemporary psychoanalysis and psychodynamic psychotherapy, in particular the important contributing role of castration conflicts in the pathogenesis of a wide range of clinical symptoms. The author begins by briefly reviewing some classical and contemporary psychoanalytic ideas about castration to show how the concept has broadened and is currently used not only to signify fear of damage to or loss of the genital, but also metaphorically to indicate a threat to or loss of any valued human characteristic or function...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Laurent Wiart, Jacques Luauté, Angélique Stefan, David Plantier, Julia Hamonet
INTRODUCTION: The non pharmacological approach is an important issue in the treatment of psychological and behavioural disorders in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. It remains nevertheless insufficiently known and defined. The objective of this work was to develop precise recommendations for caregivers and relatives. METHOD: The elaboration of these guidelines followed the procedure validated by the French health authority for good practice recommendations, close to the Prisma statement, involving a systematic, critical review of the literature and the expert opinions of the French Society of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (SOFMER) group...
February 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Jerry L Jennings, Adam Deming
This review compiles 48 empirical studies and 55 clinical/practice articles specific to group therapy with sex offenders. Historically, group therapy has always been the predominant modality in sex offender-specific treatment. In the first decades of the field, treatment applied a psychoanalytic methodology that, although not empirically supported, fully appreciated the primary therapeutic importance of the group modality. Conversely, since the early 1980s, treatment has applied a cognitive behavioral method, but the field has largely neglected the therapeutic value of the interpersonal group dynamics...
December 9, 2015: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Psychoanalytic Review
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