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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306624/the-association-of-work-characteristics-with-ovarian-cancer-risk-and-mortality
#1
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Elizabeth M Poole, Annika Idahl, Eva Lundin, Anil K Sood, Ichiro Kawachi, Laura D Kubzansky, Shelley S Tworoger
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer (OvCA) is a leading cause of cancer death for women. Depression and social isolation have been associated with a higher OvCA risk and poorer survival, but other forms of chronic psychosocial stress, including work-related characteristics, remain understudied. METHODS: Women from three prospective cohorts (Nurses' Health Study (NHS), n=31,754; Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII), n=74,260; Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study (NSHDS); nnested case-control study=196) completed a job questionnaire, assessing demand and control at work, social support provided by coworkers and supervisor, and job security...
March 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306158/effect-of-chronic-diseases-and-multimorbidity-on-survival-and-functioning-in-elderly-adults
#2
Debora Rizzuto, René J F Melis, Sara Angleman, Chengxuan Qiu, Alessandra Marengoni
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of chronic disorders and their co-occurrence on survival and functioning in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Kungsholmen, Stockholm, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 78 and older examined by physicians four times over 11 years (N = 1,099). MEASUREMENTS: Chronic diseases (grouped according to 10 organ systems according to the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, code) and multimorbidity (≥2 coexisting chronic diseases) were evaluated in terms of mortality, population attributable risk of death, median years of life lost, and median survival time with and without disability (need of assistance in ≥1 activities of daily living)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303438/using-health-technology-assessment-to-assess-the-value-of-new-medicines-results-of-a-systematic-review-and-expert-consultation-across-eight-european-countries
#3
Aris Angelis, Ansgar Lange, Panos Kanavos
BACKGROUND: Although health technology assessment (HTA) systems base their decision making process either on economic evaluations or comparative clinical benefit assessment, a central aim of recent approaches to value measurement, including value based assessment and pricing, points towards the incorporation of supplementary evidence and criteria that capture additional dimensions of value. OBJECTIVE: To study the practices, processes and policies of value-assessment for new medicines across eight European countries and the role of HTA beyond economic evaluation and clinical benefit assessment...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301601/correction-communicable-diseases-prioritized-according-to-their-public-health-relevance-sweden-2013
#4
Viktor Dahl, Anders Tegnell, Anders Wallensten
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0136353.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292784/payback-time-influence-of-having-children-on-mortality-in-old-age
#5
K Modig, M Talbäck, J Torssander, A Ahlbom
BACKGROUND: It is known that parents have lower mortality than childless individuals. Support from adult children to ageing parents may be of importance for parental health and longevity. The aim of this study was to estimate the association between having a child and the risk of death, and to examine whether the association increased at older ages when health starts to deteriorate and the need of support from a family member increases. METHODS: In this nationwide study, all men and women (born between 1911 and 1925 and residing in Sweden), as well as their children, were identified in population registers and followed over time...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292567/images-of-suffering-depicted-in-diaries-of-family-caregivers-in-the-acute-stage-of-necrotising-soft-tissue-infection-a-content-analysis
#6
Ingrid Egerod, Annette E Andersson, Ann-Mari Fagerdahl, Vibeke E Knudsen
OBJECTIVES: Severe necrotising soft tissue infections (NSTI) are rare life threatening rapidly progressing bacterial infections requiring immediate diagnosis and treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the experience of family caregivers of patients with necrotising soft tissue infection during the acute stage of disease. METHODS: Our study had a qualitative descriptive binational design using qualitative content analysis to explore diaries written by close family members (n=15)...
March 11, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291697/early-prehospital-assessment-of-non-urgent-patients-and-outcomes-at-the-appropriate-level-of-care-a-prospective-exploratory-study
#7
Glenn Larsson, Anders Holmén, Kristina Ziegert
INTRODUCTION: The Ambulance Organization of Sweden provides qualified medical assessment and treatment by ambulance nurses based on patient needs regarding appropriate levels of care. A new model for patients with non-urgent medical conditions has been introduced. The main objective of this study was to examine early prehospital assessment of non-urgent patients, and its impact on the choice of the appropriate level of care. METHODS: The study design was a 1-year, prospective study, involving an ambulance district in southwestern Sweden with a population of 78,000...
March 10, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290264/malnutrition-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-older-adults-regardless-of-the-cause-of-death
#8
Lisa Söderström, Andreas Rosenblad, Eva Thors Adolfsson, Leif Bergkvist
Malnutrition predicts preterm death, but whether this is valid irrespective of the cause of death is unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine whether malnutrition is associated with cause-specific mortality in older adults. This cohort study was conducted in Sweden and included 1767 individuals aged ≥65 years admitted to hospital in 2008-2009. On the basis of the Mini Nutritional Assessment instrument, nutritional risk was assessed as well nourished (score 24-30), at risk of malnutrition (score 17-23·5) or malnourished (score <17)...
March 14, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289109/minding-the-gap-factors-associated-with-primary-care-coordination-of-adults-in-11-countries
#9
Jonathan Penm, Neil J MacKinnon, Stephen M Strakowski, Jun Ying, Michelle M Doty
PURPOSE: Care coordination has been identified as a key strategy in improving the effectiveness, safety, and efficiency of the US health care system. Our objective was to determine whether population or health care system issues are associated with primary care coordination gaps in the United States and other high-income countries. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2013 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy (IHP) survey with multivariate logistic regression analysis...
March 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287306/sex-based-differences-in-the-determinants-of-old-age-life-expectancy-the-influence-of-perimenopause
#10
April M Falconi
Studies using the sensitive periods framework typically examine the effects of early life exposures on later life health, due to the significant growth and development occurring during the first few years of life. The menopausal transition (i.e., perimenopause) is similarly characterized by rapid physiological change, yet rarely has been tested as a sensitive window in adulthood. Cohort mortality data drawn from three historic populations, Sweden (1751-1919), France (1816-1919), and England and Wales (1841-1919), were analyzed using time series methods to assess whether conditions at midlife significantly influenced or "programmed" later life longevity...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286196/-coping-skills-are-associated-with-gastrointestinal-symptom-severity-and-somatization-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#11
Katarina Wilpart, Hans Törnblom, Jan Svedlund, Jan F Tack, Magnus Simrén, Lukas Van Oudenhove
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Coping resources and processes are altered in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We investigated the relationship between coping resources and gastrointestinal (GI) and extra-intestinal symptom severity in patients with IBS as well as potential mediators of this relationship. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 216 patients with IBS attending a secondary/tertiary care specialized outpatient center in Sweden from 2003 through 2007...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280891/number-of-medications-and-adverse-drug-events-by-unintentional-poisoning-among-older-adults-in-consideration-of-inappropriate-drug-use-a-swedish-population-based-matched-case-control-study
#12
Christian Rausch, L Laflamme, U Bültmann, J Möller
PURPOSE: This national, population-based study aims to determine the association between the number of prescribed medications and adverse drug events (ADE) by unintentional poisoning and examine this risk when known indicators of inappropriate drug use (IDU) are accounted for. METHODS: We employed a matched case-control design among people living in Sweden who were 50 years and older. Cases experiencing an ADE by unintentional poisoning resulting in hospitalization or death (n = 5336) were extracted from the National Health and Death Registers from January 2006 to December 2009...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277045/antibiotic-prescribing-in-relation-to-diagnoses-and-consultation-rates-in-belgium-the-netherlands-and-sweden-use-of-european-quality-indicators
#13
Mia Tyrstrup, Alike van der Velden, Sven Engstrom, Geert Goderis, Sigvard Molstad, Theo Verheij, Samuel Coenen, Niels Adriaenssens
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of antibiotic prescribing in primary care in Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden using European disease-specific antibiotic prescribing quality indicators (APQI) and taking into account the threshold to consult and national guidelines. DESIGN: A retrospective observational database study. SETTING: Routine primary health care registration networks in Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden. SUBJECTS: All consultations for one of seven acute infections [upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), sinusitis, tonsillitis, otitis media, bronchitis, pneumonia and cystitis] and the antibiotic prescriptions in 2012 corresponding to these diagnoses...
March 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276964/occupational-engagement-and-cognitive-functioning-among-persons-with-schizophrenia-an-explorative-study
#14
Annika Lexén, Ulrika Bejerholm
BACKGROUND: Cognitive functioning may have implications for engagement in daily occupations among people with schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study explores relationships between time use assessed occupational engagement and cognitive functioning among persons with schizophrenia. METHODS: Thirty-nine participants from four mental health care services in Sweden participated. The Profile of Occupational Engagement among persons with Severe mental illness (POES) and a cognitive test battery was used...
February 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275126/vitamin-b-6-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a-prospective-population-based-study-using-3-distinct-plasma-markers-of-vitamin-b-6-status
#15
Björn Gylling, Robin Myte, Jörn Schneede, Göran Hallmans, Jenny Häggström, Ingegerd Johansson, Arve Ulvik, Per M Ueland, Bethany Van Guelpen, Richard Palmqvist
Background: Higher plasma concentrations of the vitamin B-6 marker pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) have been associated with reduced colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. Inflammatory processes, including vitamin B-6 catabolism, could explain such findings.Objective: We investigated 3 biomarkers of vitamin B-6 status in relation to CRC risk.Design: This was a prospective case-control study of 613 CRC cases and 1190 matched controls nested within the Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study (n = 114,679). Participants were followed from 1985 to 2009, and the median follow-up from baseline to CRC diagnosis was 8...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273158/perceptions-of-physical-activity-and-walking-in-an-early-stage-after-stroke-or-acquired-brain-injury
#16
Karin Törnbom, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Anna Danielsson
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has been established as being highly beneficial for health after stroke. There are considerable global efforts to find rehabilitation programs that encourage increased physical activity for persons with stroke. However, many persons with stroke or acquired brain injury do not reach recommended levels of physical activity and increased knowledge about why is needed. We aimed to explore views and experiences of physical activity and walking among persons with stroke or acquired brain injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270381/self-reported-psychosomatic-complaints-in-swedish-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-living-in-rural-and-urban-areas-an-internet-based-survey
#17
Katarina Laundy Frisenstam, Matilda van den Bosch, Yun Chen, Peter Friberg, Walter Osika
BACKGROUND: Frequencies in reported psychosomatic illnesses have increased in Sweden among children, adolescents, and young adults. Little is known about demographic differences in self-reported psychosomatic complaints, such as between urban and rural areas, and whether surveys launched on the Internet could be a useful method in sampling such data. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the connection between psychosomatic illnesses and demographics in Swedish children and youth...
March 7, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266232/mental-health-and-educational-achievement-the-link-between-poor-mental-health-and-upper-secondary-school-completion-and-grades
#18
Annica Brännlund, Mattias Strandh, Karina Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Education profoundly affects adult socioeconomic status, so it is important to ensure that all children have the capability and opportunity to achieve educational goals. AIMS: The study aimed to examine the relationship between mental-health during adolescence and upper secondary school completion and grades, which has received comparatively little research attention to date. METHOD: Longitudinal administrative and registered data were used to analyse the relationship between school achievement and prescriptions of psycholeptic and psycho-analeptic drugs...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264579/-possibility-of-uterus-transplantation-trial-in-czech-republic-indications-research-and-clinical-experience
#19
Roman Chmel, Marta Nováčková, Zlatko Pastor, Jan Matěcha, Miloš Čekal, Jiří Froněk
Uterus transplantation is a novel experimental method of female infertility treatment. It is an appropriate treatment modality for women with absolute uterine factor infertility - congenital uterine malformations, absent uterus, hysterectomized women and non-functional uterus.Successful animal studies confirming the safety and efficacy were performed before introduction of uterus transplantation into human medicine. The first clinical trial was performed in 2012-2013 in Gothenburg, Sweden. The first child from the transplanted womb was delivered in 2014...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259682/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-quality-of-life-in-hand-eczema-questionnaire-qolheq
#20
Robert F Ofenloch, Jart A F Oosterhaven, Päivikki Susitaival, Åke Svensson, Elke Weisshaar, Keiko Minamoto, Meltem Onder, Marie-Louise A Schuttelaar, Emel Bulbul Baskan, Thomas L Diepgen, Christian Apfelbacher
The Quality of Life in Hand Eczema Questionnaire (QOLHEQ) is the only instrument assessing disease-specific Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) in hand eczema patients. It is available in eight language versions. In this study we assessed if the items of different language versions of the QOLHEQ yield comparable values across countries. An international multi-center study was conducted with participating centers in Finland, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and Turkey. Methods of item response theory (IRT) were applied to each subscale to assess differential item functioning (DIF) for items between countries...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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