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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633364/restricted-health-care-entitlements-for-child-migrants-in-europe-and-australia
#1
Liv Stubbe Østergaard, Marie Norredam, Claire Mock-Munoz de Luna, Mitch Blair, Sharon Goldfeld, Anders Hjern
More than 300 000 asylum seeking children were registered in Europe alone during 2015. In this study, we examined entitlements for health care for these and other migrant children in Europe and Australia in a framework based on United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). Survey to child health professionals, NGO's and European Ombudspersons for Children in 30 EU/EEA countries and Australia, supplemented by desktop research of official documents. Migrant children were categorised as asylum seekers and irregular/undocumented migrants...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632072/maternal-obesity-obstetric-interventions-and-post-partum-anaemia-increase-the-risk-of-post-partum-sepsis-a-population-based-cohort-study-based-on-swedish-medical-health-registers
#2
Daniel Axelsson, Marie Blomberg
BACKGROUND: The objective was to estimate whether maternal obesity and/or obstetric interventions are associated with diagnosed maternal post-partum sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study including all deliveries in Sweden between 1997 and 2012 (N = 1,558,752). Cases of sepsis (n = 376) were identified by International Classification of Diseases, (ICD-10) codes A40, A41 and O 85 in the Medical Birth Register and the National Patient Register...
June 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627648/characterization-of-a-blandm%C3%A2-1%C3%A2-harboring-plasmid-from-a-salmonella%C3%A2-enterica-clinical-isolate-in-china
#3
Jinwei Huang, Shanshan Deng, Jianmin Ren, Jianfei Tu, Meiping Ye, Minggui Wang
The plasmid-mediated transmission of antibiotic resistance genes has been reported to be involved in the development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria, and poses a serious threat for the success of bacterial infection treatment and human health worldwide. The present study used a 454 GS‑FLX pyrosequencing system to determine the ~140 kb nucleotide sequence of plasmid pHS36‑NDM, which was identified in a Salmonella Stanley isolate from the stool sample of an 11‑month‑old girl at Lishui Central Hospital, China, and which contains a New Delhi metallo‑β‑lactamase‑1 (NDM‑1) carbapenem resistance gene (blaNDM‑1)...
June 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627467/time-to-review-the-gold-standard-for-genotyping-vancomycin-resistant-enterococci-in-epidemiology-comparing-whole-genome-sequencing-with-pfge-and-mlst-in-three-suspected-outbreaks-in-sweden-during-2013-2015
#4
Birgitta Lytsy, Lars Engstrand, Åke Gustafsson, Rene Kaden
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are a challenge to the health-care system regarding transmission rate and treatment of infections. VRE outbreaks have to be controlled from the first cases which means that appropriate and sensitive genotyping methods are needed. The aim of this study was to investigate the applicability of whole genome sequencing based analysis compared to Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) and Multi-Locus Sequence Typing (MLST) in epidemiological investigations as well as the development of a user friendly method for daily laboratory use...
June 13, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626806/a-brief-measure-to-predict-exercise-behavior-the-archer-garcia-ratio
#5
Danilo Garcia, Thiago Medeiros da Costa Daniele, Trevor Archer
BACKGROUND: Different forms of conscious and planned physical exercise and activity that individuals perform improve not only physical but also psychological health, well-being, and both physical and intellectual performance. Here we put forward and test the predictive validity of the Archer-Garcia Ratio, a brief measure for exercise frequency computed using participants' responses to two questions. METHOD: The participants (N = 158) were recruited from a training facility in the south of Sweden...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624972/sbs-symptoms-in-relation-to-dampness-and-ventilation-in-inspected-single-family-houses-in-sweden
#6
Greta Smedje, Juan Wang, Dan Norbäck, Håkan Nilsson, Karin Engvall
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationships between symptoms compatible with the sick building syndrome (SBS) in adults and building dampness and ventilation in single-family houses. METHODS: Within the Swedish BETSI study, a national sample of single-family houses were inspected by professional building experts, and adults living in the houses answered a questionnaire on SBS. Relationships between building factors and SBS were analysed using logistic regression. RESULTS: Of the respondents, 23% reported having had weekly SBS symptoms during the last three months...
June 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622146/relationship-between-various-maternal-conditions-and-lactic-acid-dehydrogenase-activity-in-umbilical-cord-blood-at-birth
#7
Evangelos Patavoukas, Josefina Åberg-Liesaho, Cecilia Pegelow Halvorsen, Birger Winbladh, Eva Wiberg-Itzel
BACKGROUND: Lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH) is a valuable marker for some of the most important diseases in newborns and the plasma LDH activity in newborns correlates well with conditions such as asphyxia. If LDH should be considered as a useful tool also in obstetric care, key factors associated with maternal health before and during pregnancy which could affect umbilical cord LDH activity need to be known. The aims of this study were to explore relationships between selected maternal conditions and arterial lactic acid dehydrogenase activity (aLDH) in umbilical cord blood at delivery...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620936/measuring-pregnancy-planning-a-psychometric-evaluation-and-comparison-of-two-scales
#8
Jennifer Drevin, Per Kristiansson, Jenny Stern, Andreas Rosenblad
AIM: To psychometrically test the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy and compare it with the Swedish Pregnancy Planning Scale. BACKGROUND: The incidence of unplanned pregnancies is an important indicator of reproductive health. The London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy measures pregnancy planning by taking contraceptive use, timing, intention to become pregnant, desire for pregnancy, partner agreement and pre-conceptual preparations into account. It has, however, previously not been psychometrically evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618102/factors-contributing-to-serious-adverse-events-in-nursing-homes
#9
Åsa Andersson, Catharina Frank, Ania M L Willman, Per-Olof Sandman, Görel Hansebo
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the most common serious adverse events that occurred in nursing homes and their most frequent contributing factors to contribute to improvement of safe nursing care. BACKGROUND: There is a need to improve safe nursing care in nursing homes. Residents are often frail and vulnerable with extensive needs for nursing care. A relatively minor adverse event in nursing care can cause serious injury that could have been preventable...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612737/offline-sweden-seeks-a-renaissance-in-global-health
#10
Richard Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605297/social-work-interventions-in-sweden-for-patients-newly-diagnosed-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes
#11
Kristina Rane, Catharina Gåfvels
We evaluated psychosocial work with patients in ordinary clinical practice who were newly diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and experienced psychosocial problems at disease onset. We examined types of psychosocial problems, causes of these problems, psychosocial interventions, extent of achievement of psychosocial treatment goals, and whether the patients felt they benefited from the treatment. Eighty-nine working-age (18-65-year-old) Swedish adults newly diagnosed with diabetes were included. Each was interviewed and responded to questionnaires at the beginning and end of the study period...
June 12, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600978/long-term-effects-of-total-and-source-specific-particulate-air-pollution-on-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-gothenburg-sweden
#12
Leo Stockfelt, Eva M Andersson, Peter Molnár, Lars Gidhagen, David Segersson, Annika Rosengren, Lars Barregard, Gerd Sallsten
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Long-term exposure to air pollution increases cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality, but it is not clear which components of air pollution are the most harmful, nor which time window of exposure is most relevant. Further studies at low exposure levels have also been called for. We analyzed two Swedish cohorts to investigate the effects of total and source-specific particulate matter (PM) on incident cardiovascular disease for different time windows of exposure. METHODS: Two cohorts initially recruited to study predictors of cardiovascular disease (the PPS cohort and the GOT-MONICA cohort) were followed from 1990 to 2011...
June 7, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599376/pride-shame-and-health-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Eva Randell, Junia Joffer, Renée Flacking, Bengt Starrin, Lars Jerdén
Background Pride and shame are important emotions known to influence identity development and psychological well-being in adolescence. Research evidence indicates that self-rated health (SRH) is a strong predictor of future health. This cross-sectional study, conducted during 2008-2009, aimed to investigate the associations between pride, shame and SRH among adolescent boys and girls. Methods The study sample comprised 705 adolescents in Sweden aged 17-18 years (318 boys and 387 girls) who completed a questionnaire that included items on SRH, shame and pride (participation rate 67%)...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599022/burden-of-disease-from-road-traffic-and-railway-noise-a-quantification-of-healthy-life-years-lost-in-sweden
#14
Charlotta Eriksson, Theo Bodin, Jenny Selander
Objectives National quantifications of the health burden related to traffic noise are still rare. In this study, we use disability-adjusted life-years (DALY) measure to assess the burden of disease from road traffic and railway noise in Sweden. Methods The number of DALY was assessed for annoyance, sleep disturbance, hypertension, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke using a method previously implemented by the World Health Organization (WHO). Population exposure to noise was obtained from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish Transport Administration...
June 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598729/travel-abroad-increases-sexual-health-risk-taking-among-swedish-youth-a-population-based-study-using-a-case-crossover-strategy
#15
Mats Sundbeck, Anette Agardh, Per-Olof Östergren
BACKGROUND: The fact that youth take sexual risks when they are abroad have been shown in previous studies. However, it is not known if they increased their sexual risk-taking when travelling abroad, compared to the stay in their homeland. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether Swedish youth increased their individual sexual risk behaviour, defined as having a casual sex partner, when travelling abroad and to examine possible factors that may be associated with increased risk-taking abroad...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596911/mental-health-provision-in-schools-approaches-and-interventions-in-10-european-countries
#16
P Patalay, D Gondek, B Moltrecht, L Giese, C Curtin, M Stanković, N Savka
BACKGROUND: The role of schools in providing community-based support for children's mental health and well-being is widely accepted and encouraged. Research has mainly focused on designing and evaluating specific interventions and there is little data available regarding what provision is available, the focus and priorities of schools and the professionals involved in providing this support. The current study presents these data from schools in 10 European countries. METHODS: Online survey of 1466 schools in France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, UK and Ukraine...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594320/silver-containing-foam-dressings-with-safetac-a-review-of-the-scientific-and-clinical-data
#17
Phil Davies, Sara McCarty, Kristina Hamberg
Background Topical antimicrobials, such as silver dressings, are progressively being used alongside systemic antibiotics to provide adjunctive, antimicrobial therapy to wounds that are clinically infected or at risk of infection. To help improve wound management, dressings that use Safetac soft silicone technology in combination with a silver-impregnated foam dressing material were developed by Mölnlycke Health Care (Gothenburg, Sweden). The range comprises Mepilex Ag, Mepilex Border Ag and Mepilex Transfer Ag...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592314/binge-drinking-and-total-alcohol-consumption-from-16-to-43%C3%A2-years-of-age-are-associated-with-elevated-fasting-plasma-glucose-in-women-results-from-the-northern-swedish-cohort-study
#18
Karina Nygren, Anne Hammarström, Olov Rolandsson
BACKGROUND: Studies have indicated that moderate alcohol consumption is associated with lower incidence of diabetes in women. However, not only the amount but also the drinking pattern could be of importance when assessing the longitudinal relation between alcohol and glucose. Also, there is a lack of studies on alcohol use beginning in adolescence on adult glucose levels. The aim was to examine the association between total alcohol consumption and binge drinking between ages 16 and 43 and fasting plasma glucose at age 43...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587529/colonoscopic-surveillance-a-cost-effective-method-to-prevent-hereditary-and-familial-colorectal-cancer
#19
Olle Sjöström, Lars Lindholm, Beatrice Melin
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 20-30% of all colorectal cancer (CRC) cases may have a familial contribution. The family history of CRC can be prominent (e.g., hereditary colorectal cancer (HCRC)) or more moderate (e.g., familial colorectal cancer (FCRC)). For family members at risk, colonoscopic surveillance is a well-established method to prevent both HCRC and FCRC, although the evidence for the exact procedures of the surveillance is limited. Surveillance can come at a high price if individuals are frequently examined, as this may result in unnecessary colonoscopies in relation to actual risk for CRC...
June 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584322/musculoskeletal-symptoms-and-exposure-to-whole-body-vibration-among-open-pit-mine-workers-in-the-arctic
#20
Lage Burström, Anna Aminoff, Bodil Björ, Satu Mänttäri, Tohr Nilsson, Hans Pettersson, Hannu Rintamäki, Ingemar Rödin, Victor Shilov, Ljudmila Talykova, Arild Vaktskjold, Jens Wahlström
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional questionnaire study was carried out at 4 open-pit mines in Finland, Norway, Russia and Sweden as part of the MineHealth project. The aim has been to compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms between drivers of mining vehicles and non-drivers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The mine workers were asked whether they had suffered from any musculoskeletal symptoms during the previous 12 months in specified body regions, and to grade the severity of these symptoms during the past month...
April 28, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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