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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732210/nursing-as-universal-and-recognisable-nursing-students-perceptions-of-learning-outcomes-from-intercultural-peer-learning-webinars-a-qualitative-study
#1
Elisabeth Carlson, Marie Stenberg, Bessie Chan, Sukki Ho, Timothy Lai, Arkers Wong, Engle Angela Chan
Nursing students need to be prepared for the increasingly culturally diverse health care. Therefore, providing students with international perspectives remains the mission of higher education. However, given the logistic and financial constraints, not all students will be able to travel overseas for their international experiences. A feasible alternative to study abroad is internationalisation-at-home where intercultural dimensions are incorporated into curriculum, without students leaving their home universities...
July 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730396/prevention-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-swedish-school-children-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-study
#2
Johan Ahlen, Timo Hursti, Lindsey Tanner, Zelal Tokay, Ata Ghaderi
Our study aimed at evaluating FRIENDS for Life, an intervention to prevent anxiety and depression in Swedish school children. A total of 695 children between the ages of 8 and 11 were recruited from 17 schools in Stockholm, Sweden, and cluster-randomized to either the intervention or control group. Teachers in the intervention group received a full day of training and administered FRIENDS for Life in their classrooms. We assessed the children's anxiety and depressive symptoms, general mental health, and academic performance at pre- and post-intervention as well as at the 12-month follow-up...
July 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729922/meningococcal-disease-outbreak-related-to-the-world-scout-jamboree-in-japan-2015
#3
Mizue Kanai, Hajime Kamiya, Alison Smith-Palmer, Hideyuki Takahashi, Yushi Hachisu, Munehisa Fukusumi, Takehito Saitoh, Makoto Ohnishi, Tomimasa Sunagawa, Tamano Matsui, Kazunori Oishi
PROBLEM: Six invasive meningococcal disease cases occurred among Scottish and Swedish nationals associated with the World Scout Jamboree (WSJ), an international mass gathering, held in Japan. The index case developed symptoms while returning home. The strains from all six cases were identical and seldom seen in Japan. CONTEXT: Over 33 000 participants from 155 countries attended WSJ. At the Jamboree site, participants of the North of Scotland's and Sweden's units camped within the same subcamp and kept the same schedule of events...
April 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729321/economic-evaluation-of-a-brief-counselling-for-smoking-cessation-in-dentistry-a-case-study-comparing-two-health-economic-models
#4
Suvi Erika Virtanen, Maria R Galanti, Pia M Johansson, Inna Feldman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness estimates of a brief counselling of smoking cessation in dentistry by using two different health economic models. DESIGN AND OUTCOME MEASURES: Intervention effectiveness was estimated in a cluster randomised controlled trial. The number of quitters was estimated based on 7-day abstinence and on smoking reduction at follow-up. Health economic evaluation was performed using two models: (1) a population-based model employing potential impact fractions and (2) a Markov model estimating the cost-effectiveness of the intervention for the actual participants...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728532/unintended-consequences-of-gender-equality-promotion-in-swedish-multicultural-contraceptive-counseling-a-discourse-analysis
#5
Jonna Arousell, Aje Carlbom, Sara Johnsdotter, Elin C Larsson, Birgitta Essén
In this article, we explore how reproductive health care providers in Sweden, a country often described as one of the most gender-equal countries in the world, incorporate gender equality ideals in multicultural contraceptive counseling. In the tension between gender equality promotion on one hand and respect for cultural diversity and individualized care on the other, we will demonstrate that values of gender equality were often given priority. This is not necessarily undesirable. Nevertheless, our proposal is that the gender equality ideology may inhibit providers' ability to think differently about issues at stake in contraceptive counseling, which may negatively influence women's possibilities to obtain adequate support...
August 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723929/clinical-utility-of-the-structured-observation-of-motor-performance-in-infants-within-the-child-health-services
#6
Kine Johansen, Kristina Persson, Karin Sonnander, Margaretha Magnusson, Anna Sarkadi, Steven Lucas
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical utility of the Structured Observation of Motor Performance in Infants (SOMP-I) when used by nurses in routine child healthcare by analyzing the nurses' SOMP-I assessments and the actions taken when motor problems were suspected. METHOD: Infants from three child health centers in Uppsala County, Sweden, were consecutively enrolled in a longitudinal study. The 242 infants were assessed using SOMP-I by the nurse responsible for the infant as part of the regular well-child visits at as close to 2, 4, 6 and 10 months of age as possible...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722122/wet-work-exposure-and-hand-eczema-among-healthcare-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
N Hamnerius, C Svedman, O Bergendorff, J Björk, M Bruze, A Pontén
BACKGROUND: Hand eczema is more common in healthcare workers compared to the general population. The hands are subject to changing occupational exposures due to mandatory hygiene regulations for health care workers. OBJECTIVES: To describe the exposure due to hygiene procedures and investigate the associations between occupational hand washing, use of non-sterile gloves, and hand disinfectant and self-reported hand eczema. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with an electronic questionnaire distributed to 28 762 hospital employees in southern Sweden...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716793/the-realities-of-partnership-in-person-centred-care-a-qualitative-interview-study-with-patients-and-professionals
#8
Axel Wolf, Lucy Moore, Doris Lydahl, Öncel Naldemirci, Mark Elam, Nicky Britten
OBJECTIVE: Although conceptual definitions of person-centred care (PCC) vary, most models value the involvement of patients through patient-professional partnerships. While this may increase patients' sense of responsibility and control, research is needed to further understand how this partnership is created and perceived. This study aims to explore the realities of partnership as perceived by patients and health professionals in everyday PCC practice. DESIGN: Qualitative study employing a thematic analysis of semistructured interviews with professionals and patients...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716198/herd-specific-interventions-to-reduce-antimicrobial-usage-in-pig-production-without-jeopardising-technical-and-economic-performance
#9
L Collineau, C Rojo-Gimeno, A Léger, A Backhans, S Loesken, E Okholm Nielsen, M Postma, U Emanuelson, E Grosse Beilage, M Sjölund, E Wauters, K D C Stärk, J Dewulf, C Belloc, S Krebs
Pig farmers are strongly encouraged to reduce their antimicrobial usage in order to reduce the risk of antimicrobial resistance. Herd-level intervention is needed to achieve national and European reduction targets. Alternative, especially preventive measures, have to be implemented to reduce the need for antimicrobial treatments. However, little is known about the feasibility, effectiveness and return on investment of such measures. The objective of this study was to assess, across four countries, the technical and economic impact of herd-specific interventions aiming at reducing antimicrobial usage in pig production while implementing alternative measures...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715934/-first-1000-days-health-interventions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-alignment-of-south-african-policies-with-high-quality-evidence
#10
René English, Nazia Peer, Simone Honikman, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen J Hofman
BACKGROUND: In South Africa (SA), despite adoption of international strategies and approaches, maternal, neonatal and child (MNC) morbidity and mortality rates have not sufficiently declined. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an umbrella review (UR) that identifies interventions in low- and middle-income countries, with a high-quality evidence base, that improve MNC morbidity and mortality outcomes within the first 1000 days of life; and to assess the incorporation of the evidence into local strategies, guidelines and documents...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712621/dealing-with-uncertainty-and-accounting-for-social-value-judgments-in-assessments-of-orphan-drugs-evidence-from-four-european-countries
#11
Elena Nicod, Karen Berg Brigham, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Panos Kanavos
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the reasons for differences in reimbursement decisions for orphan drugs in four European countries that were not readily apparent from health technology assessment (HTA) reports and operating procedures. METHODS: Semistructured interviews with representatives of HTA bodies in England, Scotland, Sweden, and France were conducted. An interview topic guide was developed on the basis of findings from a systematic comparison of HTA decisions for 10 orphan drugs...
July 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711464/personality-and-survival-in-older-age-the-role-of-lifestyle-behaviors-and-health-status
#12
Debora Rizzuto, Enrico Mossello, Laura Fratiglioni, Giola Santoni, Hui-Xin Wang
OBJECTIVE: We intended to assess the relationship between personality and survival in an older population and to explore the role of lifestyle behaviors and health status as potential mediators. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Swedish National Study of Aging and Care in Kungsholmen, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: 2,298 adults aged 60 or more years, without dementia or depression, followed for 11 years. MEASUREMENTS: Personality (extraversion, neuroticism, and openness) was assessed with a shortened version of the NEO-Five Factor Inventory...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709461/do-public-nursing-home-care-providers-deliver-higher-quality-than-private-providers-evidence-from-sweden
#13
Ulrika Winblad, Paula Blomqvist, Andreas Karlsson
BACKGROUND: Swedish nursing home care has undergone a transformation, where the previous virtual public monopoly on providing such services has been replaced by a system of mixed provision. This has led to a rapidly growing share of private actors, the majority of which are large, for-profit firms. In the wake of this development, concerns have been voiced regarding the implications for care quality. In this article, we investigate the relationship between ownership and care quality in nursing homes for the elderly by comparing quality levels between public, for-profit, and non-profit nursing home care providers...
July 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709413/who-wants-to-be-involved-in-health-care-decisions-comparing-preferences-for-individual-and-collective-involvement-in-england-and-sweden
#14
Mio Fredriksson, Max Eriksson, Jonathan Tritter
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement (PPI) is framed as positive for individuals, the health system, public health, as well as for communities and society as a whole. We investigated whether preferences for PPI differed between two countries with Beveridge type health systems-Sweden and England. We measured willingness to be involved in individual treatment decisions and in decisions about the organization and provision of local health and social care services. METHODS: This was a comparative cross-sectional study of the general population's preferences...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707565/neoliberalism-and-the-recommodification-of-health-inequalities-a-case-study-of-the-swedish-welfare-state-1980-to-2011
#15
Kristin Farrants, Clare Bambra
AIMS: This paper examines the effects of neoliberalism on health inequalities through an empirical examination of the recommodification of the social determinants of health. It uses a detailed case study of changes to three specific welfare policy domains in Sweden: unemployment, healthcare, and pensions. METHODS: Using time series data from the repeat cross-sectional Swedish Living Conditions Survey for 1980-2011, it examines: (1) the effects of reductions in the replacement rate value of unemployment benefit on inequalities in self-reported general health between the employed and the unemployed; (2) the effects of reductions in the replacement rate value of pensions on educational inequalities in self-reported general health among pensioners; and (3) the effects of the increase in user charges on inequalities in having visited a doctor in the past 3 months by educational level...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707564/time-trends-in-absolute-and-relative-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-leisure-time-physical-inactivity-in-northern-sweden
#16
Máté Szilcz, Paola A Mosquera, Miguel San Sebastián, Per E Gustafsson
AIMS: The aim was to investigate the time trends in educational, occupational, and income-related inequalities in leisure time physical inactivity in 2006, 2010, and 2014 in northern Swedish women and men. METHODS: This study was based on data obtained from the repeated cross-sectional Health on Equal Terms survey of 2006, 2010, and 2014. The analytical sample consisted of 20,667 (2006), 31,787 (2010), and 21,613 (2014) individuals, aged 16-84. Logistic regressions were used to model the probability of physical inactivity given a set of explanatory variables...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701411/what-determines-treatment-satisfaction-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-on-insulin-therapy-an-observational-study-in-eight-european-countries
#17
Anne Meike Boels, Rimke C Vos, Tom G T Hermans, Nicolaas P A Zuithoff, Nicolle Müller, Kamlesh Khunti, Guy E H M Rutten
OBJECTIVE: Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) on insulin therapy are less satisfied with their diabetes treatment than those on oral hypoglycaemic therapies or lifestyle advice only. Determinants of satisfaction in patients with T2DM on insulin therapy are not clearly known. The aim of this study was to determine the association of treatment satisfaction with demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with T2DM. DESIGN: For this study we used data from the GUIDANCE (Guideline Adherence to Enhance Care) study, a cross-sectional study among 7597 patients with T2DM patients from Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK...
July 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695631/extending-decomposition-analysis-to-account-for-unobserved-heterogeneity-and-persistence-in-health-behavior-income-related-smoking-inequality-among-swedish-women
#18
Gustav Kjellsson
This article suggests an enrichment of the standard method for decomposition of the concentration index to account for unobserved heterogeneity and persistence in health behavior. As the underlying regression model in the decomposition, this approach uses a dynamic random-effect probit that both consider individual heterogeneity, using a Mundlak type of specification, and applies a simple solution to account for smoking persistence. I illustrate the suggested approach using a panel of Swedish women in Statistics Sweden's Survey of Living Conditions for one vital health-related behavior, smoking...
July 10, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694269/delivery-of-brief-interventions-for-heavy-drinking-in-primary-care-outcomes-of-the-odhin-5-country-cluster-randomized-trial
#19
Peter Anderson, Simon Coulton, Eileen Kaner, Preben Bendtsen, Karolina Kłoda, Jillian Reynolds, Lidia Segura, Marcin Wojnar, Artur Mierzecki, Paolo Deluca, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Kathryn Parkinson, Katarzyna Okulicz-Kozaryn, Colin Drummond, Antoni Gual
PURPOSE: We aimed to test whether 3 strategies-training and support, financial reimbursement, and an option to direct screen-positive patients to an Internet-based method of giving brief advice-have a longer-term effect on primary care clinicians' delivery of screening and advice to heavy drinkers operationalized with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C) tool. METHODS: We undertook a cluster randomized factorial trial with a 12-week implementation period in 120 primary health care units throughout Catalonia, England, Netherlands, Poland, and Sweden...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693369/subjective-health-complaints-and-exposure-to-peer-victimization-among-disabled-and-non-disabled-adolescents-a-population-based-study-in-sweden
#20
Maria Fridh, Marie Köhler, Birgit Modén, Martin Lindström, Maria Rosvall
AIMS: To investigate subjective health complaints (SHCs) (psychological and somatic, respectively) among disabled and non-disabled adolescents, focusing on the impact of traditional bullying and cyber harassment, and furthermore to report psychological and somatic SHCs across different types of disability. METHODS: Data from the public health survey of children and adolescents in Scania, Sweden, 2012 was used. A questionnaire was answered anonymously in school by 9791 students in the 9th grade (response rate 83%), and 7533 of these with valid answers on key questions were included in this study...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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