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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429988/patient-safety-in-nursing-homes-in-sweden-nurses-views-on-safety-and-their-role
#1
Frieda Andersson, Katarina Hjelm
Objective Knowledge about patient safety in nursing homes is limited. The aim of this study was to describe what patient safety means to nurses working in nursing homes for the elderly and how these nurses address patient safety. Method Qualitative study of semi-structured interviews with 15 nurses aged 27-62 years. Qualitative content analysis was applied. Results Nurses describe the meaning of patient safety in terms of proper care and treatment, and a sense of security. Based on nurses' description of patient safety, several factors were identified as prerequisites to achieve safe health care: competence; clear information transfer between health care organizations; continuity of care and appropriate environment...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424072/prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-its-association-with-symptoms-of-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-a-female-population-sample-in-sweden
#2
Solveig Lövestad, Jesper Löve, Marjan Vaez, Gunilla Krantz
BACKGROUND: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common type of violence targeting women. IPV includes acts of physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors and these forms of violence often coexist in the same relationship. Living with IPV is associated with serious mental health outcomes such as depression and depressive symptoms. Few population based studies from Sweden have investigated the relationship between different forms of IPV and women's depressive symptoms and even fewer used controlling behavior as an independent variable in such studies...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420990/managed-entry-agreements-for-oncology-drugs-lessons-from-the-european-experience-to-inform-the-future
#3
Kim Pauwels, Isabelle Huys, Sabine Vogler, Minne Casteels, Steven Simoens
Objectives: The aim of this study is to conduct an analysis on the regulation and application of managed entry agreements (MEA) for oncology drugs across different European countries. Methods: Literature search and document analysis were performed between September 2015 and June 2016 to collect information on the regulatory framework and practice of MEA in Belgium, The Netherlands, Scotland, England and Wales, Sweden, Italy, Czech Republic and France. An overview of the content and typology of MEA applied for oncology drugs between 2008 and 2015 was generated based on publically available sources and contributions by national health authorities...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420373/early-outbreak-detection-by-linking-health-advice-line-calls-to-water-distribution-areas-retrospectively-demonstrated-in-a-large-waterborne-outbreak-of-cryptosporidiosis-in-sweden
#4
Pär Bjelkmar, Anette Hansen, Caroline Schönning, Jakob Bergström, Margareta Löfdahl, Marianne Lebbad, Anders Wallensten, Görel Allestam, Stephan Stenmark, Johan Lindh
BACKGROUND: In the winter and spring of 2011 a large outbreak of cryptosporidiosis occurred in Skellefteå municipality, Sweden. This study summarizes the outbreak investigation in terms of outbreak size, duration, clinical characteristics, possible source(s) and the potential for earlier detection using calls to a health advice line. METHODS: The investigation included two epidemiological questionnaires and microbial analysis of samples from patients, water and other environmental sources...
April 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419589/child-health-in-sweden-is-characterised-by-good-health-and-low-accidents-but-rising-psychological-problems
#5
Hugo Lagercrantz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418710/lung-cancer-guidelines-in-sweden-denmark-norway-and-finland-a-comparison
#6
Niels Lyhne Christensen, Antti Jekunen, Sebastian Heinonen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Torben Riis Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: The Nordic countries are similar in terms of demographics and health care organization. Yet there are marked differences in lung cancer mortality, for which Denmark historically has had the poorest outcome. One of several possible reasons for these differences could have to do with how lung cancer is diagnosed and treated in the different Nordic countries. However, among the four most populous Nordic countries: Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland, there is a paucity of knowledge about differences and similarities in recommendations in the national guidelines for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the methodology by which the guidelines are developed...
April 18, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418396/essential-gains-and-health-after-upper-limb-tetraplegia-surgery-identified-by-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#7
L Bunketorp-Käll, C Reinholdt, J Fridén, J Wangdell
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire-based survey. OBJECTIVES: To describe functional gains and health following upper-limb tetraplegia surgery using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a reference and to explore interconnections across different dimensions of functioning and health. SETTING: A specialized center for advanced reconstruction of extremities at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden...
April 18, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417611/factors-enhancing-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke-in-specialized-rehabilitation-an-observational-multicenter-study-within-the-sunnaas-international-network
#8
Birgitta Langhammer, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson, Susanne Sällström, Frank Becker, Johan K Stanghelle
BACKGROUND: Stroke may lead to serious, long-term disability. Consequently, many individuals with stroke will be in need of rehabilitation, and some of specialized rehabilitation. The content and organization of rehabilitation vary within and between countries, reflecting the preferences, customs, traditions, and values of a society or community, that may have an impact on outcomes. AIM: The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of team models in specialized rehabilitation on outcomes as measured by stroke patients' performance in ADL, at a standardized time and at discharge in the various specialized rehabilitation clinics...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413704/diversity-in-mental-fatigue-and-social-profile-of-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis-in-two-different-northern-european-countries
#9
Liis Sabre, Elisabet Westerberg, Maarika Liik, Anna R Punga
Self-estimated health can be used for comparison of different diseases between countries. It is important to elaborate on whether disparities in self-estimated health are due to disease-specific parameters or socioeconomic differences. In this study, we aimed at evaluating clinical and social similarities and differences in myasthenia gravis (MG) patients between comparable regions in two Baltic Sea countries, Estonia and Sweden. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included southern counties in Sweden and Estonia of comparable size...
April 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410353/post-colonoscopy-colorectal-cancers-in-sweden-room-for-quality-improvement
#10
Anna Forsberg, Ulf Hammar, Anders Ekbom, Rolf Hultcrantz
OBJECTIVE: Post-colonoscopy colorectal cancer (PCCRC), a cancer occurring within a short interval of a colonoscopy, might be partly explained as missed or incompletely resected lesions. Associated risk factors are age, sex, comorbidity, cancer location, and colonoscopy volume. There is a gap in the knowledge of prevalence of PCCRC and the impact of different risk factors in Sweden. METHODS: This is a retrospective population-based observational cohort study of the colonoscopies performed on adults during the years 2001-2010 that were identified from Swedish health registers...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407993/policies-for-use-of-real-world-data-in-health-technology-assessment-hta-a-comparative-study-of-six-hta-agencies
#11
Amr Makady, Renske Ten Ham, Anthonius de Boer, Hans Hillege, Olaf Klungel, Wim Goettsch
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials provide robust data on the efficacy of interventions rather than on effectiveness. Health technology assessment (HTA) agencies worldwide are thus exploring whether real-world data (RWD) may provide alternative sources of data on effectiveness of interventions. Presently, an overview of HTA agencies' policies for RWD use in relative effectiveness assessments (REA) is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To review policies of six European HTA agencies on RWD use in REA of drugs...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401298/neurovascular-hand-symptoms-in-relation-to-cold-exposure-in-northern-sweden-a-population-based-study
#12
Albin Stjernbrandt, Bodil Björ, Martin Andersson, Lage Burström, Ingrid Liljelind, Tohr Nilsson, Ronnie Lundström, Jens Wahlström
PURPOSE: To describe the self-reported ambient cold exposure in northern Sweden and to relate the level of cumulative cold exposure to the occurrence of sensory and vascular hand symptoms. We hypothesize that cold exposure is positively related to reporting such symptoms. METHODS: A questionnaire about cold exposure and related symptoms was sent out to 35,144 subjects aged 18-70 years and living in northern Sweden. RESULTS: A total of 12,627 out of 35,144 subjects returned the questionnaire (response rate 35...
April 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398974/future-needs-for-nursing-talent-in-scandinavian-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Randi K Jakobsen, Sine M Herholdt-Lomholdt
The aim of this review is to systematically identify, appraise and synthesize available text and opinion papers from policy-makers and trade unions in Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Sweden and Norway) containing information about nursing talent needed in healthcare systems for the future. The overall objective is to identify and synthesize the opinions of various stakeholders of what they believe is required in terms of nursing talent in Scandinavia.In this review, "nursing talent" refers to certain skills or competencies that are essential within nursing to meet the challenges and demands of future health care...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393757/prehospital-randomised-assessment-of-a-mechanical-compression-device-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-paramedic-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomised-trial-and-economic-evaluation
#14
Simon Gates, Ranjit Lall, Tom Quinn, Charles D Deakin, Matthew W Cooke, Jessica Horton, Sarah E Lamb, Anne-Marie Slowther, Malcolm Woollard, Andy Carson, Mike Smyth, Kate Wilson, Garry Parcell, Andrew Rosser, Richard Whitfield, Amanda Williams, Rebecca Jones, Helen Pocock, Nicola Brock, John Jm Black, John Wright, Kyee Han, Gary Shaw, Laura Blair, Joachim Marti, Claire Hulme, Christopher McCabe, Silviya Nikolova, Zenia Ferreira, Gavin D Perkins
BACKGROUND: Mechanical chest compression devices may help to maintain high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), but little evidence exists for their effectiveness. We evaluated whether or not the introduction of Lund University Cardiopulmonary Assistance System-2 (LUCAS-2; Jolife AB, Lund, Sweden) mechanical CPR into front-line emergency response vehicles would improve survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the LUCAS-2 device as a routine ambulance service treatment for OHCA...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393468/the-association-between-health-utility-and-joint-status-among-people-with-severe-haemophilia-a-findings-from-the-kappa-register
#15
M Osooli, K Steen Carlsson, F Baghaei, M Holmström, S Rauchensteiner, P A Holme, L Hvitfeldt, J Astermark, E Berntorp
INTRODUCTION: People with severe haemophilia A have reportedly impaired health related quality of life (utility) mainly due to recurrent bleeding, arthropathy and treatment burden. AIM: To estimate utilities and evaluate their potential correlates - most importantly the joint status - among people with severe haemophilia A. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, eligible participants had severe haemophilia A, were aged ≥15, negative for factor VIII inhibitor and included in the KAPPA register of Denmark, Norway and Sweden...
April 10, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393354/discrepancy-in-prevalence-of-huntington-s-disease-in-two-swedish-regions
#16
A-K Roos, L Wiklund, K Laurell
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. The prevalence varies between different geographical regions with an estimated average in Europe of about 6/100 000. Parts of northern Sweden are known to have an accumulation of HD, but no prevalence studies have been undertaken for 50 years. OBJECT: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HD in the two different Swedish counties of Jämtland and Uppsala and compare them with the reported prevalence in Europe...
April 9, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392715/positive-predictive-values-of-international-classification-of-diseases-10th-revision-codes-for-dermatologic-events-and-hypersensitivity-leading-to-hospitalization-or-emergency-room-visit-among-women-with-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-in-the-danish-and-swedish
#17
Kasper Adelborg, Lotte Brix Christensen, Troels Munch, Johnny Kahlert, Ylva Trolle Lagerros, Grethe S Tell, Ellen M Apalset, Fei Xue, Vera Ehrenstein
BACKGROUND: Clinical epidemiology research studies, including pharmacoepidemiology and pharmacovigilance studies, use routinely collected health data, such as diagnoses recorded in national health and administrative registries, to assess clinical effectiveness and safety of treatments. We estimated positive predictive values (PPVs) of International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) codes for primary diagnoses of dermatologic events and hypersensitivity recorded at hospitalization or emergency room visit in the national patient registries of Denmark and Sweden among women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO)...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389494/employment-status-and-psychological-distress-in-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden-the-impact-of-migration
#18
Anna Sidorchuk, Karin Engström, Charisse M Johnson, Naima Kayser Leeoza, Jette Möller
OBJECTIVES: Unemployment and temporary employment are known to impact psychological health. However, the extent to which the effect is altered by migration-related and sociodemographic determinants is less clear. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the association between employment status and psychological distress differs between immigrants and Swedish-born and to what extent, the association is modified by gender and reason for immigration. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study...
April 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385109/validation-of-a-questionnaire-to-measure-youth-friendliness-of-swedish-youth-clinics
#19
Desire Malm, Linn Bishop, Per Gustafsson, Anna-Karin Waenerlund, Isabel Goicolea
AIM: This study presents the validation process of a tool to assess the youth-friendliness of Swedish youth clinics, based on the Youth-Friendly Health Services - World Health Organization Plus (YFHS-WHO+) questionnaire but adapted to the specific context of differentiated services catering only for young people in this country. METHODS: The validation process followed five steps: (1) translation, (2) revision by professionals, (3) pretests with young people, (4) back-translation and discussion with the developers of the original YFHS-WHO+ questionnaire and (5) internal consistency and test-retest reliability testing...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385066/predictive-validity-of-the-work-ability-index-and-its-individual-items-in-the-general-population
#20
Andreas Lundin, Ola Leijon, Marjan Vaez, Mats Hallgren, Margareta Torgén
AIM: This study assesses the predictive ability of the full Work Ability Index (WAI) as well as its individual items in the general population. METHODS: The Work, Health and Retirement Study (WHRS) is a stratified random national sample of 25-75-year-olds living in Sweden in 2000 that received a postal questionnaire ( n = 6637, response rate = 53%). Current and subsequent sickness absence was obtained from registers. The ability of the WAI to predict long-term sickness absence (LTSA; ⩾ 90 consecutive days) during a period of four years was analysed by logistic regression, from which the Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUC) was computed...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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