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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812455/prognostic-factors-for-change-in-self-reported-anxiety-and-depression-in-spondyloarthritis-patients-data-from-the-population-based-spascania-cohort-from-southern-sweden
#1
Jjl Meesters, S Bergman, E Haglund, Lth Jacobsson, I F Petersson, A Bremander
OBJECTIVES: Anxiety and depression symptoms are more common in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) than in the general population. This study describes prognostic factors for change in self-reported anxiety and depression over 2 years in a well-defined SpA cohort. METHOD: In 2009, 3716 adult patients from the SpAScania cohort received a postal questionnaire to assess quality of life (QoL) and physical and mental functioning. A follow-up survey was performed in 2011...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811870/meat-inspection-of-reindeer-a-rich-source-of-data-for-monitoring-food-safety-and-animal-and-environmental-health-in-sweden
#2
Arja Helena Kautto, Ivar Vågsholm, Rauni Niskanen
Background: ​This study scrutinized carcass conditions recorded in post mortem inspections (PMI) of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus, L.) during 2015-2016 because of the importance for monitoring food safety and animal and environmental health threats. Material and methods: PMI results were retrieved from the National Food Agency. A negative binomial regression model was applied. For actual parameters, incident risk rate (IRR) with confidence intervals was calculated. Results and discussion: The number of conditions found in PMI varied widely between years and batches...
2017: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809592/survey-process-quality-a-question-of-healthcare-manager-approach
#3
Petra Nilsson, Kerstin Blomqvist
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how healthcare first-line managers think about and act regarding workplace survey processes. Design/methodology/approach This interview study was performed at a hospital in south Sweden. First-line healthcare managers ( n=24) volunteered. The analysis was inspired by phenomenography, which aims to describe the ways in which different people experience a phenomenon. The phenomenon was a workplace health promotion (WHP) survey processes. Findings Four main WHP survey process approaches were identified among the managers: as a possibility, as a competition, as a work task among others and as an imposition...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806984/fatigue-in-the-general-population-associations-to-age-sex-socioeconomic-status-physical-activity-sitting-time-and-self-rated-health-the-northern-sweden-monica-study-2014
#4
Isak Engberg, Johan Segerstedt, Göran Waller, Patrik Wennberg, Mats Eliasson
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is widespread in the population and a common complaint in primary care. Little is known about prevalence of fatigue in the population and its predictors. We aimed to describe the pattern of fatigue in the general population and to explore the associations with age, sex, socioeconomic status, self-reported physical activity, sitting time and self-rated health. METHODS: One thousand, five hundred and fifty-seven out of 2500 invited subjects in the Northern Sweden MONICA Study 2014, aged 25-74 years, filled out the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20), consisting of four subscales: General fatigue (GF), Physical fatigue (PF), Reduced activity (RA) and Mental fatigue (MF)...
August 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806611/automobile-dependency-as-a-barrier-to-vision-zero-evidence-from-the-states-in-the-usa
#5
Hamed Ahangari, Carol Atkinson-Palombo, Norman W Garrick
With a traffic fatality rate of 10.6 per 100,000 as of 2013-more than triple that in the UK, the Netherlands, and Sweden-the United States has the worst traffic safety performance of all developed countries. Statewide variations are even more pronounced. North Dakota registers more than twice the national average and five times the rate of Massachusetts. We used panel models and annual data from 1997 to 2013 to capture the effect of seven separate sets of factors that influence traffic safety: exposure, travel behavior, socioeconomics, macroeconomics, safety policies, and mitigating factors such as health care...
August 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805472/network-experiences-from-a-cross-sector-biosafety-level-3-laboratory-collaboration-a-swedish-forum-for-biopreparedness-diagnostics
#6
Johanna Thelaus, Anna Lindberg, Susanne Thisted Lambertz, Mona Byström, Mats Forsman, Hans Lindmark, Rickard Knutsson, Viveca Båverud, Andreas Bråve, Pontus Jureen, Annelie Lundin Zumpe, Öjar Melefors
The Swedish Forum for Biopreparedness Diagnostics (FBD) is a network that fosters collaboration among the 4 agencies with responsibility for the laboratory diagnostics of high-consequence pathogens, covering animal health and feed safety, food safety, public health and biodefense, and security. The aim of the network is to strengthen capabilities and capacities for diagnostics at the national biosafety level-3 (BSL-3) laboratories to improve Sweden's biopreparedness, in line with recommendations from the EU and WHO...
August 14, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799214/refill-adherence-and-persistence-to-lipid-lowering-medicines-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-nation-wide-register-based-study
#7
Sofia Axia Karlsson, Christel Hero, Björn Eliasson, Stefan Franzén, Ann-Marie Svensson, Mervete Miftaraj, Soffia Gudbjörnsdottir, Katarina Eeg-Olofsson, Karolina Andersson Sundell
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe and compare refill adherence and persistence to lipid-lowering medicines in patients with type 2 diabetes by previous cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We followed 97 595 patients (58% men; 23% with previous CVD) who were 18 years of age or older when initiating lipid-lowering medicines in 2007-2010 until first fill of multi-dose dispensed medicines, death, or 3 years. Using personal identity numbers, we linked individuals' data from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, the Swedish National Diabetes Register, the National Patient Register, the Cause of Death Register, and the Longitudinal Integration Database for Health Insurance and Labour Market Studies...
August 11, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797662/amputation-rates-mortality-and-pre-operative-comorbidities-in-patients-revascularised-for-intermittent-claudication-or-critical-limb-ischaemia-a-population-based-study
#8
E Baubeta Fridh, M Andersson, M Thuresson, B Sigvant, B Kragsterman, S Johansson, P Hasvold, M Falkenberg, J Nordanstig
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this population based study were to describe mid- to long-term amputation risk, cumulative incidence of death or amputation, and differences in pre-operative comorbidities in patients revascularised for lower limb peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: This was an observational cohort study. Data from the Swedish National Quality Registry for Vascular Surgery (Swedvasc) were combined with mandatory national health care registries and patient medical records...
August 7, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793389/lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-parents-experiences-of-nurses-attitudes-in-child-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#9
Anna-Eva Andersen, Catherine Moberg, Anita Bengtsson Tops, Pernilla Garmy
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe lesbian, gay and bisexual parents' experiences of nurses' attitudes in child health care. BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay and bisexual people are often reluctant to disclose their gender identity for fear of discrimination. This fear may lead to avoidance of healthcare for themselves or their children and may negatively affect families' health and well-being. DESIGN: A qualitative inductive design was employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 lesbian, gay or bisexual parents (11 mothers and 3 fathers) with child health care experiences in southern Sweden...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790040/two-tales-of-cardiovascular-risks-middle-aged-women-living-in-sweden-and-scotland-a-cross-sectional-comparative-study
#10
Carina Wennerholm, Catherine Bromley, AnnaKarin Johansson, Staffan Nilsson, John Frank, Tomas Faresjö
OBJECTIVES: To compare cardiovascular risk factors as well as rates of cardiovascular diseases in middle-aged women from urban areas in Scotland and Sweden. DESIGN: Comparative cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data from the general population in urban areas of Scotland and the general population in two major Swedish cities in southeast Sweden, south of Stockholm. PARTICIPANTS: Comparable data of middle-aged women (40-65 years) from the Scottish Health Survey (n=6250) and the Swedish QWIN study (n=741) were merged together into a new dataset (n=6991 participants)...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789667/factors-associated-with-the-support-of-pricking-female-genital-cutting-type-iv-among-somali-immigrants-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sweden
#11
Anna Wahlberg, Sara Johnsdotter, Katarina Ekholm Selling, Carina Källestål, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Pricking, classified as female genital cutting (FGC) type IV by the World Health Organization, is an under-researched area gaining momentum among diaspora communities. Our aim was to explore factors associated with being supportive of pricking among Somalis in Sweden. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, attitudes and knowledge regarding FGC, and measures of socioeconomic status, acculturation, and social capital, were assessed by a 49-item questionnaire in four municipalities in Sweden...
August 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789620/hospital-admissions-due-to-alcohol-related-disorders-among-young-adult-refugees-who-arrived-in-sweden-as-teenagers-a-national-cohort-study
#12
Hélio Manhica, Karl Gauffin, Ylva B Almquist, Mikael Rostila, Lisa Berg, Ainhoa Rodríguez García de Cortázar, Anders Hjern
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and lack of family support may explain the mental health problems that are consistently found in young unaccompanied refugees in Western countries. Given the strong relationship between poor mental health and alcohol misuse, this study investigated hospital admissions due to alcohol related disorders among accompanied and unaccompanied young refugees who settled in Sweden as teenagers. METHODS: The dataset used in this study was derived from a combination of different registers...
August 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789580/a-potential-benefit-from-infectious-disease-specialist-and-stationary-ward-in-rational-antibiotic-therapy-of-complicated-skin-and-skin-structure-infections
#13
Iiro H Jääskeläinen, Lars Hagberg, Tommy Schyman, Asko Järvinen
BACKGROUND: Management practices of complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI) were compared between two areas with similar healthcare structure and low prevalence of antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: The high affinity to public health-care in the Nordic countries enabled population-based approach used in this retrospective study. The study population (n = 460) consisted of all adult residents from Helsinki (Finland) and Gothenburg (Sweden) treated in hospital due to cSSSI during 2008-2011...
August 8, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768459/association-between-socioeconomic-and-health-factors-and-edentulism-in-people-aged-65-and-older-a-population-based-survey
#14
Hanna Olofsson, Eva Lena Ulander, Yngve Gustafson, Carl Hörnsten
AIMS: To study edentulism and use of dental services in a population-based sample of people aged 65 years and older from northern Sweden and western Finland. METHODS: In 2010, people aged 65, 70, 75 and 80 years who were living in one of 32 municipalities in northern Sweden and western Finland were invited to answer a questionnaire as part of the Gerontological Regional Database (GERDA) study ( n = 6099). The questionnaire contained items related to socioeconomic status, general health and edentulism...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765136/internet-based-support-for-self-management-strategies-for-people-with-copd-protocol-for-a-controlled-pragmatic-pilot-trial-of-effectiveness-and-a-process-evaluation-in-primary-healthcare
#15
André Nyberg, Karin Wadell, Helena Lindgren, Malin Tistad
INTRODUCTION: The use of adequate self-management strategies for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) reduces healthcare use, improves health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and recovery after acute exacerbations. However, not many people with COPD receive support that promotes the use of such strategies and therefore new methods to facilitate and promote the use of self-management strategies are highly warranted. This pilot trial aims to evaluate the feasibility of the study design and study procedures considering effectiveness of the novel intervention, the COPD-web...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764735/occurrence-of-cardiorespiratory-diseases-and-impact-on-lifespan-in-swedish-irish-wolfhounds-a-retrospective-questionnaire-based-study
#16
Lovisa Orleifson, Ingrid Ljungvall, Katja Höglund, Jens Häggström
BACKGROUND: According to Swedish animal insurance data, Irish Wolfhounds (IW) are 29 times more likely to die from cardiac causes than the baseline breed. Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) has a high prevalence in the breed and the disease has been shown to be hereditary in IW. Few studies address respiratory diseases in IW, but reports suggest that the incidence of pneumonia is high. Respiratory diseases are reported as a common cause of death in the breed along with cardiac, neoplastic, musculoskeletal and gastrointestinal diseases...
August 2, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764686/household-preferences-for-reducing-greenhouse-gas-emissions-in-four-european-high-income-countries-does-health-information-matter-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#17
Alina Herrmann, Helen Fischer, Dorothee Amelung, Dorian Litvine, Carlo Aall, Camilla Andersson, Marta Baltruszewicz, Carine Barbier, Sébastien Bruyère, Françoise Bénévise, Ghislain Dubois, Valérie R Louis, Maria Nilsson, Karen Richardsen Moberg, Bore Sköld, Rainer Sauerborn
BACKGROUND: It is now universally acknowledged that climate change constitutes a major threat to human health. At the same time, some of the measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, so-called climate change mitigation measures, have significant health co-benefits (e.g., walking or cycling more; eating less meat). The goal of limiting global warming to 1,5° Celsius set by the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris in 2015 can only be reached if all stakeholders, including households, take actions to mitigate climate change...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764602/improved-maternity-care-if-midwives-learn-to-perform-ultrasound-a-qualitative-study-of-rwandan-midwives-experiences-and-views-of-obstetric-ultrasound
#18
Sophia Holmlund, Joseph Ntaganira, Kristina Edvardsson, Pham Thi Lan, Jean Paul Semasaka Sengoma, Annika Åhman, Rhonda Small, Ingrid Mogren
BACKGROUND: Obstetric ultrasound has become an indispensable part of antenatal care worldwide. Although the use of ultrasound has shown benefits in the reduction of maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality, it has also raised many ethical challenges. Because of insufficient numbers of midwives in Rwanda, uncomplicated pregnancy care is usually provided by nurses in local health centres. Obstetric ultrasound is generally performed by physicians at higher levels of healthcare, where midwives are also more likely to be employed...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762593/influencing-everyday-activities-in-a-nursing-home-setting-a-call-for-ethical-and-responsive-engagement
#19
Margarita Mondaca, Staffan Josephsson, Arlene Katz, Lena Rosenberg
This study focuses on influence that older adults, living in nursing homes, have over everyday activities. Everyday activities are key to sustain a sense of stability, predictability, and enjoyment in the local world of people's everyday and therefore a critical dimension of the person-centeredness framework applied within gerontology. This narrative ethnographic study aimed to shed light on how influence can be situated contextually, and how it can emerge through activities as well as how it is negotiated in everyday by frail older adults living in a nursing home...
August 1, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758606/emergency-preparedness-in-elderly-care-in-sweden-a-study-of-staff-perspectives
#20
Carin Björngren Cuadra
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the interface between elderly care and emergency preparedness from the elderly care staff's perspective. METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was sent to elderly care staff in 4 Swedish municipalities. The questions involved experiences of extraordinary events, education and exercises, and risk and vulnerability analyses, evaluations of main risks and emergency preparedness, and familiarity with preparedness plans. In total, 568 elderly care staff responded...
July 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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