keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rear-end

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990037/spreading-dynamics-of-a-precursor-film-of-nanodrops-on-total-wetting-surfaces
#1
Yu-Hsuan Weng, Cyuan-Jhang Wu, Heng-Kwong Tsao, Yu-Jane Sheng
The spreading dynamics of a nanodrop on a total wetting surface is explored by many-body dissipative particle dynamics. Both smooth and rough surfaces with various spreading coefficients (S) are considered. The evolution of the spreading film is mainly characterized by the radius of the wetting area (Rp) and the apparent base radius (Rb) and the contact angle (θ) of the spherical cap. The difference between Rp and Rb reveals the presence of the precursor film. The dynamic behavior can be described by the power law: Rp ∼ t(m), Rb ∼ t(n), and θ ∼ t(-α)...
October 9, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922081/clinical-outcomes-following-conservative-management-of-chronic-traumatic-cervical-myelopathy-a-case-report
#2
Justin Bridges, Roberto Sandoval
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is limited evidence supporting the conservative management of patients with cervical myelopathy. The purpose of this report is to describe the intervention and outcomes of conservative physical therapy interventions for one patient with chronic cervical myelopathy. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case was a 50-year-old male who sustained a neck injury following a rear-end collision 4 years prior to this therapeutic episode. The patient presented with decreased range of motion in the cervical spine and right upper extremity, strength deficits, altered sensation, poor posture, and reported chronic cervical region pain and difficulty sleeping...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911878/comparison-of-proposed-countermeasures-for-dilemma-zone-at-signalized-intersections-based-on-cellular-automata-simulations
#3
Yina Wu, Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Yaoxian Ding, Bin Jia, Qi Shi, Xuedong Yan
The Type II dilemma zone describes the road segment to a signalized intersection where drivers have difficulties to decide either stop or go at the onset of yellow signal. Such phenomenon can result in an increased crash risk at signalized intersections. Different types of warning systems have been proposed to help drivers make decisions. Although the warning systems help to improve drivers' behavior, they also have several disadvantages such as increasing rear-end crashes or red-light running (RLR) violations...
September 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886141/the-impact-of-vehicle-moving-violations-and-freeway-traffic-flow-on-crash-risk-an-application-of-plugin-development-for-microsimulation
#4
Junhua Wang, Yumeng Kong, Ting Fu, Joshua Stipancic
This paper presents the use of the Aimsun microsimulation program to simulate vehicle violating behaviors and observe their impact on road traffic crash risk. Plugins for violations of speeding, slow driving, and abrupt stopping were developed using Aimsun's API and SDK module. A safety analysis plugin for investigating probability of rear-end collisions was developed, and a method for analyzing collision risk is proposed. A Fuzzy C-mean Clustering algorithm was developed to identify high risk states in different road segments over time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882261/factors-contributing-to-commercial-vehicle-rear-end-conflicts-in-china-a-study-using-on-board-event-data-recorders
#5
Giulio Bianchi Piccinini, Johan Engström, Jonas Bärgman, Xuesong Wang
INTRODUCTION: In the last 30years, China has undergone a dramatic increase in vehicle ownership and a resulting escalation in the number of road crashes. Although crash figures are decreasing today, they remain high; it is therefore important to investigate crash causation mechanisms to further improve road safety in China. METHOD: To shed more light on the topic, naturalistic driving data was collected in Shanghai as part of the evaluation of a behavior-based safety service...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882258/effects-of-red-light-running-camera-systems-installation-and-then-deactivation-on-intersection-safety
#6
Myunghoon Ko, Srinivas Reddy Geedipally, Troy Duane Walden, Robert Carl Wunderlich
INTRODUCTION: The primary objective of this paper is to evaluate the safety impacts of red-light running camera (RLC) system installation and then deactivation at 48 intersections in Houston, Texas. The second objective is to evaluate the spillover effect at nearby non-treated intersections in Houston after the deactivation. METHODS: To accomplish study objectives, an Empirical Bayes (EB) before-after analysis was used. RESULTS: The results indicate statistically significant collision reductions on all red-light running (RLR) crash types (37 percent) as well as right-angle RLR crashes (47 percent) at the treated intersections after RLC activation...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832518/basic-simulation-environment-for-highly-customized-connected-and-autonomous-vehicle-kinematic-scenarios
#7
Linguo Chai, Baigen Cai, Wei ShangGuan, Jian Wang, Huashen Wang
To enhance the reality of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) kinematic simulation scenarios and to guarantee the accuracy and reliability of the verification, a four-layer CAVs kinematic simulation framework, which is composed with road network layer, vehicle operating layer, uncertainties modelling layer and demonstrating layer, is proposed in this paper. Properties of the intersections are defined to describe the road network. A target position based vehicle position updating method is designed to simulate such vehicle behaviors as lane changing and turning...
August 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803960/evaluating-impacts-of-different-longitudinal-driver-assistance-systems-on-reducing-multi-vehicle-rear-end-crashes-during-small-scale-inclement-weather
#8
Ye Li, Lu Xing, Wei Wang, Hao Wang, Changyin Dong, Shanwen Liu
Multi-vehicle rear-end (MVRE) crashes during small-scale inclement (SSI) weather cause high fatality rates on freeways, which cannot be solved by traditional speed limit strategies. This study aimed to reduce MVRE crash risks during SSI weather using different longitudinal driver assistance systems (LDAS). The impact factors on MVRE crashes during SSI weather were firstly analyzed. Then, four LDAS, including Forward collision warning (FCW), Autonomous emergency braking (AEB), Adaptive cruise control (ACC) and Cooperative ACC (CACC), were modeled based on a unified platform, the Intelligent Driver Model (IDM)...
August 9, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777766/risk-factors-for-roadway-single-and-multi-vehicle-all-terrain-vehicle-crashes-in-pennsylvania-2010-2013
#9
Serap Gorucu, Dennis Murphy, Cathy Kassab
BACKGROUND: All Terrain Vehicles on public roadways become major risk factors for the motorists. OBJECTIVE: To compare characteristics of crashes and injury severity related to single vehicle (SV) and multi-vehicle (MV) All-Terrain Vehicle (ATV) roadway crashes in Pennsylvania, USA. METHODS: Data on ATV crashes occurring on public roads during the years 2010-2013 was obtained from the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PennDOT) and analyzed...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709110/a-full-bayesian-approach-to-appraise-the-safety-effects-of-pedestrian-countdown-signals-to-drivers
#10
Angela E Kitali, P E Thobias Sando
Although they are meant for pedestrians, pedestrian countdown signals (PCSs) give cues to drivers about the length of the remaining green phase, hence affecting drivers' behavior at intersections. This study focuses on the evaluation of the safety effectiveness of PCSs to drivers, in the cities of Jacksonville and Gainesville, Florida, using crash modification factors (CMFs) and crash modification functions (CMFunctions). A full Bayes (FB) before-and-after with comparison group method was used to quantify the safety impacts of PCSs to drivers...
July 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687120/safety-effects-of-dynamic-speed-limits-on-motorways
#11
Ellen De Pauw, Stijn Daniels, Laurent Franckx, Inge Mayeres
Dynamic speed limits (DSL) are limits that change according to real-time traffic, road or weather conditions. In DSL-schemes road users are typically informed of speed limit changes by electronic signs that are housed within gantries situated above lanes. Dynamic speed limit systems are increasingly applied worldwide, usually on motorways. One of the objectives of dynamic speed limits is to improve traffic safety through reductions in speed variations within and across lanes and between upstream and downstream flows...
July 4, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652941/two-headed-butterfly-vs-mantis-do-false-antennae-matter
#12
Tania G López-Palafox, Carlos R Cordero
The colour patterns and morphological peculiarities of the hindwings of several butterfly species result in the appearance of a head at the rear end of the insect's body. Although some experimental evidence supports the hypothesis that the "false head" deflects predator attacks towards the rear end of the butterfly, more research is needed to determine the role of the different components of the "false head". We explored the role of hindwing tails (presumably mimicking antennae) in predator deception in the "false head" butterfly Callophrys xami...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636489/evaluation-of-countermeasures-for-red-light-running-by-traffic-simulator-based-surrogate-safety-measures
#13
Changju Lee, Jaehyun Jason So, Jiaqi Ma
OBJECTIVE: The conflicts among motorists entering a signalized intersection with the red light indication have become a national safety issue. Because of its sensitivity, efforts have been made to investigate the possible causes and effectiveness of countermeasures using comparison sites and/or before-and-after studies. Nevertheless, these approaches are ineffective when comparison sites cannot be found, or crash data sets are not readily available or not reliable for statistical analysis...
June 21, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595973/crash-probability-estimation-via-quantifying-driver-hazard-perception
#14
Yang Li, Yang Zheng, Jianqiang Wang, Kenji Kodaka, Keqiang Li
Crash probability estimation is an important method to predict the potential reduction of crash probability contributed by forward collision avoidance technologies (FCATs). In this study, we propose a practical approach to estimate crash probability, which combines a field operational test and numerical simulations of a typical rear-end crash model. To consider driver hazard perception characteristics, we define a novel hazard perception measure, called as driver risk response time, by considering both time-to-collision (TTC) and driver braking response to impending collision risk in a near-crash scenario...
June 5, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571594/dual-torcs-driven-and-b56-orchestrated-signaling-network-guides-eukaryotic-cell-migration
#15
Lou W Kim
Different types of eukaryotic cells may adopt seemingly distinct modes of directional cell migration. However, several core aspects are regarded common whether the movement is either ameoboidal or mesenchymal. The region of cells facing the attractive signal is often termed leading edge where lamellipodial structures dominates and the other end of the cell called rear end is often mediating cytoskeletal F-actin contraction involving Myosin-II. Dynamic remodeling of cell-to-matrix adhesion involving integrin is also evident in many types of migrating cells...
September 2017: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554588/pathologic-c-spine-fracture-with-low-risk-mechanism-and-normal-physical-exam
#16
Andrew Hunter, Jolion McGreevy, Judith Linden
Cervical spinal fracture is a rare, but potentially disabling complication of trauma to the neck. Clinicians often rely on clinical decision rules and guidelines to decide whether or not imaging is necessary when a patient presents with neck pain. Validated clinical guidelines include the Canadian C-Spine Rule and the Nexus criteria. Studies suggest that the risks of a pathologic fracture from a simple rear end collision are negligible. We present a case of an individual who presented to an emergency department (ED) after a low speed motor vehicle collision complaining of lateral neck pain and had multiple subsequent visits for the same complaint with negative exam findings...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509423/analysis-of-the-relationship-between-the-double-transverse-foramen-and-the-possibility-of-developing-clinical-symptoms-after-whiplash
#17
Juan A Sanchis-Gimeno, Marcelino Perez-Bermejo, Luis Rios, Susanna Llido, Markus Bastir, Esther Blanco-Perez, Federico Mata-Escolano
Currently, there is no information about the possibility of developing clinical symptoms after whiplash in double transverse foramen subjects. Our aim was to test whether subjects with double transverse foramen have an increased risk of presenting with an acute headache, dizziness, vertebral artery dissection, and vomiting after whiplash.We recorded the absence/presence of double transverse foramen, and the absence/presence of neck pain, acute headache, dizziness, vertebral artery dissection, and vomiting in 85 patients who had suffered whiplash injuries in car rear-end impacts in road traffic accidents...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500990/evaluating-the-safety-impact-of-adaptive-cruise-control-in-traffic-oscillations-on-freeways
#18
Ye Li, Zhibin Li, Hao Wang, Wei Wang, Lu Xing
Adaptive cruise control (ACC) has been considered one of the critical components of automated driving. ACC adjusts vehicle speeds automatically by measuring the status of the ego-vehicle and leading vehicle. Current commercial ACCs are designed to be comfortable and convenient driving systems. Little attention is paid to the safety impacts of ACC, especially in traffic oscillations when crash risks are the highest. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the impacts of ACC parameter settings on rear-end collisions on freeways...
July 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499140/is-vehicle-automation-enough-to-prevent-crashes-role-of-traffic-operations-in-automated-driving-environments-for-traffic-safety
#19
Eunbi Jeong, Cheol Oh, Seolyoung Lee
Automated driving systems (ADSs) are expected to prevent traffic accidents caused by driver carelessness on freeways. There is no doubt regarding this safety benefit if all vehicles in the transportation system were equipped with ADSs; however, it is implausible to expect that ADSs will reach 100% market penetration rate (MPR) in the near future. Therefore, the following question arises: 'Can ADSs, which consider only situations in the vicinity of an equipped vehicle, really contribute to a significant reduction in traffic accidents?' To address this issue, the interactions between equipped and unequipped vehicles must be investigated, which is the purpose of this study...
July 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494260/examination-of-the-reliability-of-the-crash-modification-factors-using-empirical-bayes-method-with-resampling-technique
#20
Jung-Han Wang, Mohamed Abdel-Aty, Ling Wang
There have been plenty of studies intended to use different methods, for example, empirical Bayes before-after methods, to get accurate estimation of CMFs. All of them have different assumptions toward crash count if there was no treatment. Additionally, another major assumption is that multiple sites share the same true CMF. Under this assumption, the CMF at an individual intersection is randomly drawn from a normally distributed population of CMFs at all intersections. Since CMFs are non-zero values, the population of all CMFs might not follow normal distributions, and even if it does, the true mean of CMFs at some intersections may be different from that at others...
July 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
keyword
keyword
62537
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"