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Current opinion in metabolic and nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637832/espen-guidelines-on-nutrition-in-cancer-patients
#1
Jann Arends, Patrick Bachmann, Vickie Baracos, Nicole Barthelemy, Hartmut Bertz, Federico Bozzetti, Ken Fearon, Elisabeth Hütterer, Elizabeth Isenring, Stein Kaasa, Zeljko Krznaric, Barry Laird, Maria Larsson, Alessandro Laviano, Stefan Mühlebach, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Line Oldervoll, Paula Ravasco, Tora Solheim, Florian Strasser, Marian de van der Schueren, Jean-Charles Preiser
Cancers are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and the number of new cases is expected to rise significantly over the next decades. At the same time, all types of cancer treatment, such as surgery, radiation therapy, and pharmacological therapies are improving in sophistication, precision and in the power to target specific characteristics of individual cancers. Thus, while many cancers may still not be cured they may be converted to chronic diseases. All of these treatments, however, are impeded or precluded by the frequent development of malnutrition and metabolic derangements in cancer patients, induced by the tumor or by its treatment...
August 6, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26067872/dietary-bioactive-peptides-human-studies
#2
Dominique Bouglé, Saïd Bouhallab
Current opinion strongly links nutrition and health. Among nutrients, proteins and peptides which are encrypted in their sequences and released during digestion could play a key role in improving health. These peptides have been claimed to be active on a wide spectrum of biological functions or diseases, including blood pressure and metabolic risk factors (coagulation, obesity, lipoprotein metabolism, peroxidation), gut and neurological functions, immunity, cancer, dental health and mineral metabolism. A majority of studies involved dairy peptides, but the properties of vegetal, animal, and sea products were also assessed...
June 11, 2015: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26020861/companion-animals-symposium-future-aspects-and-perceptions-of-companion-animal-nutrition-and-sustainability
#3
REVIEW
P Deng, K S Swanson
Companion animals play an important role in our lives and are now considered to be and treated as family members in a majority of households in the United States. Because of the high number of pets that now exist, an increasingly stronger pet-human bond, and the importance placed on health and longevity, the pet food industry has realized steady growth over the last few decades. Despite past successes and opportunities that exist in the future, there are also challenges that must be considered. This review will present a brief overview of the current pet food industry and address some of the key issues moving forward...
March 2015: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25184816/development-and-current-use-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-critical-care-an-opinion-paper
#4
REVIEW
Mette M Berger, Claude Pichard
Critically ill patients depend on artificial nutrition for the maintenance of their metabolic functions and lean body mass, as well as for limiting underfeeding-related complications. Current guidelines recommend enteral nutrition (EN), possibly within the first 48 hours, as the best way to provide the nutrients and prevent infections. EN may be difficult to realize or may be contraindicated in some patients, such as those presenting anatomic intestinal continuity problems or splanchnic ischemia. A series of contradictory trials regarding the best route and timing for feeding have left the medical community with great uncertainty regarding the place of parenteral nutrition (PN) in critically ill patients...
2014: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24794790/clinical-nutrition-guidelines-of-the-french-speaking-society-of-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolism-sfnep-summary-of-recommendations-for-adults-undergoing-non-surgical-anticancer-treatment
#5
(no author information available yet)
Up to 50% of patients with cancer suffer from weight loss and undernutrition (as called cachexia) even though it is rarely screened or properly handled. Patients' prognosis and quality of life could be greatly improved by simple and inexpensive means encompassing nutritional status assessment and effective nutritional care. These guidelines aim to give health professionals and patients practical and up-to-date advice to manage nutrition in the principal situations encountered during the cancer course according to the type of tumour and treatment (i...
August 2014: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24107989/current-opinion-in-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolic-care-editorial-introductions
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23976842/drugs-in-development-for-treatment-of-patients-with-cancer-related-anorexia-and-cachexia-syndrome
#7
Giovanni Mantovani, Clelia Madeddu, Antonio Macciò
Cancer-related anorexia and cachexia syndrome (CACS) is a complex multifactorial condition, with loss of lean body mass, chronic inflammation, severe metabolic derangements, reduced food intake, reduced physical activity, and poor quality of life as key symptoms. Cachexia recognizes different phases or stages, moving from precachexia through overt cachexia to advanced or refractory cachexia. The purpose of this review is to describe currently effective approaches for the treatment of cachexia, moving forward to drugs and treatments already shown to be effective but needing further clinical trials to confirm their efficacy...
2013: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23964862/rabbit-dental-disease-and-calcium-metabolism-the-science-behind-divided-opinions
#8
REVIEW
V Jekl, S Redrobe
Dental disease is considered as one of the, if not, the most common disorders seen in pet rabbits. This article provides a review of the scientific literature and an overview of the peculiarities of calcium homeostasis in the rabbit in an attempt to draw together current thinking on the cause of dental disease. A complete understanding of the aetiology and pathophysiology of rabbit dental disease is necessary for the veterinary practitioner to establish a proper therapeutic plan, prognosis and ultimately prevention of this common cause of morbidity and mortality in pet rabbits...
September 2013: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23789306/how-nutritional-status-diet-and-dietary-supplements-can-affect-autism-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Anna Kawicka, Bozena Regulska-Ilow
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with symptoms arising that are apparent throughout the patient's lifespan. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are characterised by impaired social and communication interactions as well as restricted, repetitive interests and behaviour. Currently in Poland, about 50 000 people suffer from autism, of which 1/5 are children. Epidemiological studies show that the incidence of autism is increasing, which may be due to the diagnostic category of ASD having been developed. Of vital importance in the treatment of autism, is early diagnosis which is conducive to more rapidly improving the quality of patients' health...
2013: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23778727/management-of-acute-liver-failure-in-infants-and-children-consensus-statement-of-the-pediatric-gastroenterology-chapter-indian-academy-of-pediatrics
#10
Vidyut Bhatia, Ashish Bavdekar, Surender Kumar Yachha
PROCESS: Selected members were requested to prepare guidelines on specific issues, which were reviewed by two other members. These guidelines were then incorporated into a draft statement, which was circulated to all members. On 17th December 2011, Kunwar Viren Oswal round table conference was organized by the Apollo Center for Advanced Pediatrics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi and the Sub-specialty Chapter of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Indian Academy of Pediatrics. Presentations, ensuing discussions, and opinions expressed by the participants were incorporated into the final draft...
May 8, 2013: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23139897/gene-diet-interactions-in-complex-disease-current-findings-and-relevance-for-public-health
#11
Lu Qi
Rates of obesity and related complex diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease have climbed sharply over the past decades, in parallel with shift from principally more active lifestyle and nutritionally dense tradition diet to sedentary lifestyle and more energy-dense, Western-pattern diet. In the past few years, advances in genotyping technology and in particular a number of large-scale genome-wide association studies have made great strides in unraveling the genetic basis of complex diseases; and the growing inventory of genetic variation is facilitating efforts to investigate gene-diet interactions...
December 1, 2012: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22688964/noninvasive-nutritional-management-of-ovarian-cancer-patients-beyond-intestinal-obstruction
#12
REVIEW
Nyaladzi Balogun, Alastair Forbes, Martin Widschwendter, Anne Lanceley
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition, suffered by more than 50% of patients with ovarian cancer during the course of their disease, significantly compromises the effectiveness of treatment, causes distress, and increases morbidity and mortality. This review outlines the nutritional challenges faced by women with ovarian cancer and evaluates the evidence base for current practice and possible opportunities for intervention in clinical settings. METHODS: PubMed and MetaLib databases were searched for literature on nutrition and cancer/ovarian cancer using terms and truncations covering cancer, cachexia, mouse models, malnutrition, and nutrition intervention...
July 2012: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21963082/chronic-management-and-health-supervision-of-individuals-with-propionic-acidemia
#13
REVIEW
V Reid Sutton, Kimberly A Chapman, Andrea L Gropman, Erin MacLeod, Kathy Stagni, Marshall L Summar, Keiko Ueda, Nicholas Ah Mew, Jill Franks, Eddie Island, Dietrich Matern, Loren Peña, Brittany Smith, Tina Urv, Charles Venditti, Anupam Chakarapani
Propionic acidemia is a relatively rare inborn error of metabolism. Individuals with propionic acidemia often have life-threatening episodes of hyperammonemia and metabolic acidosis, as well as intellectual disability. There are many reports of additional problems, including poor growth, stroke-like episodes of the basal ganglia, seizures, cardiomyopathy, long QTc syndrome, immune defects, pancreatitis and optic neuropathy; however, there is little information about the incidence of these problems in this rare disease...
January 2012: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21291734/societal-aspects-in-the-dietary-management-of-childhood-hyperlipidemia
#14
Rosemary L Walzem, Peter Murano
Pediatric hyperlipidemias increasingly require dietary management of overweight and obesity for resolution. Dietary management of inappropriate weight gain may be outside of normal pediatric expertise. This review used scientific statements of expert professional groups, federal program documentation, and selected original articles or opinions to survey dietary techniques and highlight continuing controversies and therapeutic successes. At present, complex societal and environmental factors underlie the current epidemic in pediatric overweight, precluding definitive statements of best practices...
June 2008: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20850211/oral-nutrition-in-labour-whose-choice-is-it-anyway-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Ruth King, Pauline Glover, Kathryn Byrt, Leonie Porter-Nocella
OBJECTIVE: to identify factors affecting women's oral nutrition in labour. DESIGN: literature review (1988-2009). SETTING: Westernised maternity care settings. PARTICIPANTS: women, midwives, obstetricians, anaesthetists and hospitals. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: when addressing labour stages, the risk categorisation of women and maternal/fetal birthing outcomes, there was a lack of consistent evidence identifying adverse outcomes for mothers/infants when oral nutrition in labour had occurred...
October 2011: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20574243/current-opinion-in-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolic-care-current-world-literature
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2010: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20458016/particulate-matter-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-disease-an-update-to-the-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#17
REVIEW
Robert D Brook, Sanjay Rajagopalan, C Arden Pope, Jeffrey R Brook, Aruni Bhatnagar, Ana V Diez-Roux, Fernando Holguin, Yuling Hong, Russell V Luepker, Murray A Mittleman, Annette Peters, David Siscovick, Sidney C Smith, Laurie Whitsel, Joel D Kaufman
In 2004, the first American Heart Association scientific statement on "Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease" concluded that exposure to particulate matter (PM) air pollution contributes to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In the interim, numerous studies have expanded our understanding of this association and further elucidated the physiological and molecular mechanisms involved. The main objective of this updated American Heart Association scientific statement is to provide a comprehensive review of the new evidence linking PM exposure with cardiovascular disease, with a specific focus on highlighting the clinical implications for researchers and healthcare providers...
June 1, 2010: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20232716/-prophylaxis-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-polish-recommendation-2009
#18
Jadwiga Charzewska, Danuta Chlebna-Sokół, Alicja Chybicka, Justyna Czech-Kowalska, Anna Dobrzańska, Ewa Helwich, Jacek R Imiela, Elzbieta Karczmarewicz, Janusz B Ksiazyk, Andrzej Lewiński, Roman S Lorenc, Witold Lukas, Jacek Łukaszkiewicz, Ewa Marcinowska-Suchowierska, Andrzej Milanowski, Andrzej Milewicz, Paweł Płudowski, Ewa Pronicka, Stanisław Radowicki, Józef Ryzko, Jerzy Socha, Jerzy Szczapa, Halina Weker et al.
Adequate vitamin D intake and its status are important not only for bone health and Ca-P metabolism, but for optimal function of many organs and tissues throughout the body. Due to documented changes in dietary habits and physical activity level, both observed in growing children and adults, the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency is continuously increasing. Basing on current literature review and opinions of National Consultants and experts in the field, polish recommendations for prophylactic vitamin D supplementation in infants, toddlers, children and adolescents as well as in adults, including pregnant and lactating women have been established...
February 2010: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20145440/current-opinion-in-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolic-care-current-world-literature
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2010: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19707133/critical-care-of-the-burn-patient-the-first-48-hours
#20
REVIEW
Barbara A Latenser
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this concise review is to provide an overview of some of the most important resuscitation and monitoring issues and approaches that are unique to burn patients compared with the general intensive care unit population. STUDY SELECTION: Consensus conference findings, clinical trials, and expert medical opinion regarding care of the critically burned patient were gathered and reviewed. Studies focusing on burn shock, resuscitation goals, monitoring tools, and current recommendations for initial burn care were examined...
October 2009: Critical Care Medicine
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