keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Negative Binomial and multilevel

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862953/factors-associated-with-the-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-incidence-rate-in-brazil
#1
M G Jacobs, D M Pelissari, V L Pinto
SETTING: The selection and transmission of drug-resistant strains of tuberculosis (TB) hamper disease control. OBJECTIVE: To identify health conditions, demographic and socio-economic factors, as well as individual factors associated with the incidence of drug-resistant TB (DR-TB), in Brazil at the municipal level. DESIGN: This was an ecological study covering Brazilian municipalities that had reported DR-TB cases in 2014. Associations were evaluated in a multilevel analysis using negative binomial regression...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745358/assessing-a-national-collaborative-program-to-prevent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-veterans-health-administration-nursing-home-cohort
#2
Sarah L Krein, M Todd Greene, Beth King, Deborah Welsh, Karen E Fowler, Barbara W Trautner, David Ratz, Sanjay Saint, Gary Roselle, Marla Clifton, Stephen M Kralovic, Tina Martin, Lona Mody
OBJECTIVECollaborative programs have helped reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) rates in community-based nursing homes. We assessed whether collaborative participation produced similar benefits among Veterans Health Administration (VHA) nursing homes, which are part of an integrated system.SETTINGThis study included 63 VHA nursing homes enrolled in the "AHRQ Safety Program for Long-Term Care," which focused on practices to reduce CAUTI.METHODSChanges in CAUTI rates, catheter utilization, and urine culture orders were assessed from June 2015 through May 2016...
May 10, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730746/association-of-parkinson-s-disease-with-industry-sectors-a-french-nationwide-incidence-study
#3
Tim Vlaar, Sofiane Kab, Yannick Schwaab, Nadine Fréry, Alexis Elbaz, Frédéric Moisan
In order to identify working environments at risk for Parkinson's disease (PD), we investigated the relation between the importance of industry sectors, used as a surrogate for occupational exposures, and PD incidence in French cantons. The number of incident PD cases (2010-2014) in 3689 cantons of metropolitan France was determined using drug claims from French National Health Insurance databases. The proportions of workers in 38 industry sectors in 2006 were calculated for each canton. Associations between the proportions of workers in industry sectors and PD age/sex-standardized incidence ratios were examined using incidence rate ratios (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) estimated with multilevel negative binomial regressions with a random intercept at the canton-level and adjusted for smoking, deprivation index, and density of neurologists...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550372/socioeconomic-disparities-in-first-stroke-incidence-quality-of-care-and-survival-a-nationwide-registry-based-cohort-study-of-44-million-adults-in-england
#4
Benjamin D Bray, Lizz Paley, Alex Hoffman, Martin James, Patrick Gompertz, Charles D A Wolfe, Harry Hemingway, Anthony G Rudd
BACKGROUND: We aimed to estimate socioeconomic disparities in the incidence of hospitalisation for first-ever stroke, quality of care, and post-stroke survival for the adult population of England. METHODS: In this cohort study, we obtained data collected by a nationwide register on patients aged 18 years or older hospitalised for first-ever acute ischaemic stroke or primary intracerebral haemorrhage in England from July 1, 2013, to March 31, 2016. We classified socioeconomic status at the level of Lower Super Output Areas using the Index of Multiple Deprivation, a neighbourhood measure of deprivation...
April 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529263/social-networks-role-relationships-and-personality-in-older-adulthood
#5
James Iveniuk
Objectives: This article examines the implications of personality traits for social network connectedness in older adulthood, across different social relationships. Methods: This article uses data from the National Social Life Health and Aging Project (NSHAP), a nationally-representative, longitudinal survey of community-dwelling older Americans (N = 2,261). Network characteristics were predicted using Poisson and negative binomial regression (for network size) as well as multilevel identity-linked and ordinal-logit-linked regressions (for tie strength)...
February 26, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514922/relative-deprivation-and-disordered-gambling-in-youths
#6
Frank J Elgar, Natale Canale, Michael J A Wohl, Michela Lenzi, Alessio Vieno
BACKGROUND: Previous research has found that area-level income inequality and individual-level relative deprivation both contribute to disordered gambling in adults. However, the socioeconomic factors that contribute to disordered gambling in youths and protective factors in their social environment have not been fully explored. This study examined the association between relative deprivation and youth disordered gambling and the potential moderating role of social support in this association...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494623/the-effects-of-socioecological-factors-on-variation-of-communicable-diseases-a-multiple-disease-study-at-the-national-scale-of-vietnam
#7
Dung Phung, Huong Xuan Nguyen, Huong Lien Thi Nguyen, Anh Mai Luong, Cuong Manh Do, Quang Dai Tran, Cordia Chu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of socioecological factors on multiple communicable diseases across Vietnam. METHODS: We used the Moran's I tests to evaluate spatial clusters of diseases and applied multilevel negative binomial regression models using the Bayesian framework to analyse the association between socioecological factors and the diseases queried by oral, airborne, vector-borne, and animal transmission diseases. RESULTS AND SIGNIFICANCE: The study found that oral-transmission diseases were spatially distributed across the country; whereas, the airborne-transmission diseases were more clustered in the Northwest and vector-borne transmission diseases were more clustered in the South...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334347/methods-to-describe-referral-patterns-in-a-canadian-primary-care-electronic-medical-record-database-modelling-multilevel-count-data
#8
Bridget L Ryan, Joshua Shadd, Heather Maddocks, Moira Stewart, Amardeep Thind, Amanda L Terry
  A referral from a family physician (FP) to a specialist is an inflection point in the patient journey, with potential implications for clinical outcomes and health policy. Primary care electronic medical record (EMR) databases offer opportunities to examine referral patterns. Until recently, software techniques were not available to model these kinds of multi-level count data. OBJECTIVE:  To establish methodology for determining referral rates from FPs to medical specialists using the Canadian Primary Care Sentinel Surveillance Network (CPCSSN) EMR database...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333643/race-sex-and-discrimination-in-school-settings-a-multilevel-analysis-of-associations-with-delinquency
#9
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase of development and experimentation with delinquent behaviors. There is a growing body of literature exploring individual and structural impacts of discrimination on health outcomes and delinquent behaviors. However, there is limited research assessing how school diversity and discrimination impact students' delinquent behaviors. In response, the purpose of this study was to assess if individual- and school-level indicators of discrimination and diversity were associated with student delinquent behaviors among African American and White students...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249212/reducing-inappropriate-urinary-catheter-use-in-the-emergency-department-comparing-two-collaborative-structures
#10
M Todd Greene, Mohamad G Fakih, Sam R Watson, David Ratz, Sanjay Saint
BACKGROUND Urinary catheters, many of which are placed in the emergency department (ED) setting, are often inappropriate, and they are associated with infectious and noninfectious complications. Although several studies evaluating the effect of interventions have focused on reducing catheter use in the ED setting, the organizational contexts within which these interventions were implemented have not been compared. METHODS A total of 18 hospitals in the Ascension health system (ie, system-based hospitals) and 16 hospitals in the state of Michigan (ie, state-based hospitals led by the Michigan Health and Hospital Association) implemented ED interventions focused on reducing urinary catheter use...
January 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209745/trends-and-socio-economic-determinants-of-suicide-in-india-2001-2013
#11
Vikas Arya, Andrew Page, Jo River, Gregory Armstrong, Peter Mayer
PURPOSE: To investigate trends and socio-economic determinants of suicide in India over the period of 2001-2013. METHOD: Suicide rates between 2001 and 2013 were calculated using suicide statistics provided by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) and census data provided by Census of India, stratified by sex, age group, and geographical region, to investigate trends in suicide over the study period. Multilevel negative binomial regression models were specified to investigate associations between state-level indicators of economic development, education, employment and religious factors and sex-specific suicide rates...
March 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143631/first-birth-and-the-trajectory-of-women-s-empowerment-in-egypt
#12
Goleen Samari
BACKGROUND: Women's empowerment is often used to explain changes in reproductive behavior, but no consideration is given to how reproductive events can shape women's empowerment over time. Fertility may cause changes in women's empowerment, or they may be mutually influencing. Research on women's empowerment and fertility relies on cross-sectional data from South Asia, which limits the understanding of the direction of association between women's empowerment and fertility in other global contexts...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104909/adolescent-drinking-in-different-contexts-what-behaviors-do-parents-control
#13
Sharon Lipperman-Kreda, Paul J Gruenewald, Melina Bersamin, Christina F Mair, Joel W Grube
Previous research suggests that the context in which drinking occurs contribute to specific alcohol-related problems. In the current study we assessed how often adolescents attended different contexts in which they could drink, how often they drank in those contexts, and whether drinking patterns and parental monitoring were related to alcohol use in those contexts. We collected survey data from 1,217 adolescents 15-18 years of age in 24 midsized California cities. Measures included past-year frequencies of attending and drinking in restaurants, bars/nightclubs, and outdoor places, typical hours spent at home (i...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738685/assessing-the-effect-of-the-vha-pcmh-model-on-utilization-patterns-among-veterans-with-ptsd
#14
Ian Randall, Charles Maynard, Gary Chan, Beth Devine, Chris Johnson
OBJECTIVES: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) implemented a patient-centered medical home (PCMH)-based Patient Aligned Care Teams (PACT) model in 2010. We examined its effects on the utilization of health services among US veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed VHA clinical and administrative data to conduct an interrupted time series study. Encounter-level data were obtained for the period of April 1, 2005, through March 31, 2014...
May 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666449/impact-of-health-workforce-availability-on-health-care-seeking-behavior-of-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-china
#15
Yinzi Jin, Weiming Zhu, Beibei Yuan, Qingyue Meng
BACKGROUND: China has a high burden of diabetes mellitus (DM), and a large proportion of DM patients remain untreated for various reasons, including low availability of primary health care providers. DM patient management is one of the priorities in China's national essential public health programs. Shortage of health workforce has been a major barrier to improving access to health care for DM patients. This study examines the impact of the health workforce on outpatient utilization of DM patients...
July 1, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656451/individual-level-exposure-to-disaster-neighborhood-environmental-characteristics-and-their-independent-and-combined-associations-with-depressive-symptoms-in-women
#16
Symielle A Gaston, Julia Volaufova, Edward S Peters, Tekeda F Ferguson, William T Robinson, Nicole Nugent, Edward J Trapido, Ariane L Rung
PURPOSE: The severity of the stress response to experiencing disaster depends on individual exposure and background stress prior to the event. To date, there is limited research on the interaction between neighborhood environmental stress and experiencing an oil spill, and their effects on depression. The objective of the current study was to assess if the association between exposure to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (DHOS) and depressive symptoms varied by neighborhood characteristics...
September 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651113/trends-in-pieds-use-among-male-clients-of-needle-syringe-programs-in-queensland-australia-2007-2015
#17
B Jacka, A Peacock, L Degenhardt, R Bruno, P Clare, R Kemp, A Dev, B Larance
BACKGROUND: Increased utilisation of needle-syringe programs (NSP) by men who inject performance and image-enhancing drugs (PIEDs) has been reported. While fewer in number, people who inject PIEDs possess distinct service and knowledge needs compared to other NSP clients. METHODS: Using standardised data from 26 NSP outlets through the Queensland NSP Minimum Data Set (QNSPMDS), trends in occasions of services among males intending to inject PIEDs were assessed using multilevel mixed-effects negative binomial regression, adjusting for month, year, and age, and clustering by site...
June 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635299/prevalence-and-geographic-variations-of-polypharmacy-among-west-virginia-medicaid-beneficiaries
#18
Xue Feng, Xi Tan, Brittany Riley, Tianyu Zheng, Thomas K Bias, James B Becker, Usha Sambamoorthi
BACKGROUND: West Virginia (WV) residents are at high risk for polypharmacy given its considerable chronic disease burdens. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence, correlates, outcomes, and geographic variations of polypharmacy among WV Medicaid beneficiaries. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed 2009-2010 WV Medicaid fee-for-service (FFS) claims data for adults aged 18-64 (N=37,570). We defined polypharmacy as simultaneous use of drugs from five or more different drug classes on a daily basis for at least 60 consecutive days in one year...
November 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545412/how-do-population-general-practice-and-hospital-factors-influence-ambulatory-care-sensitive-admissions-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
John Busby, Sarah Purdy, William Hollingworth
BACKGROUND: Reducing unplanned hospital admissions is a key priority within the UK and other healthcare systems, however it remains uncertain how this can be achieved. This paper explores the relationship between unplanned ambulatory care sensitive condition (ACSC) admission rates and population, general practice and hospital characteristics. Additionally, we investigated if these factors had a differential impact across 28 conditions. METHODS: We used the English Hospital Episode Statistics to calculate the number of unplanned ACSC hospital admissions for 28 conditions at 8,029 general practices during 2011/12...
May 25, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445024/an-economic-evaluation-of-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-multisite-implementation-program-for-colorectal-surgery-in-alberta
#20
Nguyen X. Thanh, Anderson W. Chuck, Tracy Wasylak, Jeannette Lawrence, Peter Faris, Olle Ljungqvist, Gregg Nelson, Leah M. Gramlich
BACKGROUND: In February 2013, Alberta Health Services established an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) implementation program for adopting the ERAS Society colorectal guidelines into 6 sites (initial phase) that perform more than 75% of all colorectal surgeries in the province. We conducted an economic evaluation of this initiative to not only determine its cost-effectiveness, but also to inform strategy for the spread and scale of ERAS to other surgical protocols and sites. METHODS: We assessed the impact of ERAS on patients’ health services utilization (HSU; length of stay [LOS], readmissions, emergency department visits, general practitioner and specialist visits) within 30 days of discharge by comparing pre- and post-ERAS groups using multilevel negative binomial regressions...
December 1, 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
keyword
keyword
62528
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"