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tarsal tunnel syndrome

Gary M LiMarzi, Kurt F Scherer, Michael L Richardson, David R Warden, Christopher W Wasyliw, Jack A Porrino, Christopher R Pettis, Gideon Lewis, Christopher C Mason, Laura W Bancroft
A variety of surgical procedures exist for repair of both traumatic and degenerative osseous and soft-tissue pathologic conditions involving the foot and ankle. It is necessary for the radiologist to be familiar with these surgical procedures, so as to assess structural integrity, evaluate for complicating features, and avoid diagnostic pitfalls. Adequate interpretation of postoperative changes often requires access to surgical documentation to evaluate not only the surgery itself but the expected timeline for resolution of normal postoperative changes versus progressive disease...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Shishir Suranigi, Kanagasabai Rengasamy, Syed Najimudeen, James Gnanadoss
Osteochondroma or exostosis is the most common benign bone tumor, and occurring frequently in the proximal humerus, tibia, and distal femur. It rarely affects talus. Osteochondroma of talus is a very rare etiology of tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS). We report a rare case of extensive osteochondroma of the talus in a 60 year old female presenting with multiple swellings around the ankle and symptoms suggestive of tarsal tunnel syndrome. En-block excision of the multiple masses was done. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of osteochondroma...
June 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
Osamu Obayashi, Hiroyuki Obata, Kiyohito Naito, Akio Kanda, Akira Itoi, Itaru Morohashi, Atsuhiko Mogami, Kazuo Kaneko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Elizabeth A Cody, Harry G Greditzer, Aoife MacMahon, Jayme C Burket, Carolyn M Sofka, Scott J Ellis
BACKGROUND: Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a known complication of lateralizing calcaneal osteotomy. A Malerba Z-type osteotomy may preserve more tarsal tunnel volume (TTV) and decrease risk of neurovascular injury. We investigated 2 effects on the tarsal tunnel of the Malerba osteotomy compared to a standard lateralizing osteotomy using a cadaveric model: (1) the effect on TTV as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and (2) the proximity of the osteotomy saw cuts to the tibial nerve...
September 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Rinko Kokubo, Kyongsong Kim, Toyohiko Isu, Daijiro Morimoto, Naotaka Iwamoto, Shiro Kobayashi, Akio Morita
OBJECTIVE: Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is an entrapment neuropathy of the posterior tibial nerve in the tarsal tunnel. It is not known whether vascular or neuropathic factors are implicated in the cause of a cold sensation experienced by patients. Therefore, we studied the cold sensation in the pedal extremities of patients who did or did not undergo TTS surgery. METHODS: Our study population comprised 20 patients with TTS (38 feet); 1 foot was affected in 2 patients and both feet in 18 patients...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
Jenna Helmer Sobey, Andrew Franklin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Alexander R Willis, Adil A Samad, Gail T Prado, Glenn G Gabisan
Heterotopic ossification has been reported to occur after musculoskeletal trauma (including orthopedic procedures). This has been known to cause nerve entrapment syndromes and persistent pain, limiting joint mobility. We present a case of a 19-year old female collegiate athlete who had previously undergone ankle arthroscopy and arthrotomy to remove 2 ossicles. At approximately 1 year postoperatively, the patient developed pain when planting and pivoting her foot. Imaging revealed a radiodense lesion at the posteromedial ankle consistent with heterotopic ossification and entrapment of the tibial nerve within the tarsal tunnel...
September 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Kyongsong Kim, Toyohiko Isu, Naoya Emoto, Rinko Kokubo, Daijiro Morimoto, Naotaka Iwamoto, Shiro Kobayashi, Akio Morita
PURPOSE: Many patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) experience numbness in the extremities. This DM neuropathy may be complicated by peripheral entrapment neuropathy. We prospectively investigated the cause(s) of limb numbness in DM patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 23 patients with uni- or bilateral limb numbness who were treated in our DM clinic. They were 10 men and 13 women; their average age was 63 years. The average duration of their neurological symptoms was 28...
April 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
S Orozco-Villaseñor, X Martin-Oliva, J Elgueta-Grillo, J Vázquez-Escamilla, P Parra-Téllez, E López-Gavito
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is defined as an extrinsic and/or intrinsic compressive neuropathy of the posterior tibial nerve or one of its branches. Its causes include venous insufficiency. Clinical case: 51 year-old female patient from León, Guanajuato. Hypertensive, with Guillain-Barré syndrome for eight years, vascular insufficiency and obesity. Her condition started with left ankle and heel pain; she was treated with NSAIDs and rehabilitation and achieved partial improvement. X-rays and MRI of the left ankle showed posterior impingement...
May 2015: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Mary Claire Manske, Kathleen E McKeon, Jeremy J McCormick, Jeffrey E Johnson, Sandra E Klein
BACKGROUND: Both vascular and compression etiologies have been proposed as the source of neurologic symptoms in tarsal tunnel syndrome. Advancing the understanding of the arterial anatomy supplying the posterior tibial nerve (PTN) and its branches may provide insight into the cause of tarsal tunnel symptoms. The purpose of this study was to describe the arterial anatomy of the PTN and its branches. METHODS: Sixty adult cadaveric lower extremities (thirty previously frozen and thirty fresh specimens) were amputated distal to the knee...
March 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Eman M Khedr, Gharib Fawi, Mohammed Abd Allah Abbas, Noha Abo El-Fetoh, Ahmed F Zaki, Ayman Gamea
BACKGROUND: No epidemiological studies on the prevalence of compressive neuropathy have been undertaken in Arab countries. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of the most common types of compressive neuropathies in Qena governorate/Egypt. METHODS: The study was part of a community-based survey carried out to assess the prevalence of neuromuscular disorders among the Qena population. A random sampling of 10 districts, 5,039 inhabitants aged ≥20...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
A Schmidt-Hebbel, J Elgueta, A Villa, P Mery, J Filippi
OBJECTIVE: To present a case report of bilateral posterior tarsal tunnel syndrome (PTTS) caused by an accessory flexor digitorum longus (AFDL), including the surgical technique and a review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine year old male diagnosed with bilateral PTTS, refractory to conservative management, with 53 points on the preoperative AOFAS score. MR of both ankles showed an AFDL within the tarsal tunnel, in close relationship to the posterior tibial nerve...
December 4, 2015: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
Duminda Samarawickrama, Aravinda K Therimadasamy, Yee Cheun Chan, Joy Vijayan, Einar P Wilder-Smith
INTRODUCTION: Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) arises from tibial nerve damage under the flexor retinaculum of the fibro-osseus tunnel at the medial malleolus. It is notoriously difficult to diagnose, as many other foot pathologies result in a similar clinical picture. We examined the additional value of nerve ultrasound in patients with tarsal tunnel syndrome confirmed by nerve conduction. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of nerve ultrasound changes in electrophysiologically confirmed TTS spanning our records from 2007 to 2015...
June 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Simon C McSweeney, Matthew Cichero
BACKGROUND: Tarsal tunnel syndrome is classified as a focal compressive neuropathy of the posterior tibial nerve or one of its associated branches individually or collectively. The tunnel courses deep to fascia, the flexor retinaculum and within the abductor hallucis muscle of the foot/ankle. The condition is rare and regularly under-diagnosed leading to a range of symptoms affecting the plantar margins of the foot. There are many intervention strategies for treating tarsal tunnel syndrome with limited robust evidence to guide the clinical management of this condition...
December 2015: Foot
Eric Ferkel, William Hodges Davis, John Kent Ellington
Posterior tarsal tunnel syndrome is the result of compression of the posterior tibial nerve. Anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome (entrapment of the deep peroneal nerve) typically presents with pain radiating to the first dorsal web space. Distal tarsal tunnel syndrome results from entrapment of the first branch of the lateral plantar nerve and is often misdiagnosed initially as plantar fasciitis. Medial plantar nerve compression is seen most often in running athletes, typically with pain radiating to the medial arch...
October 2015: Clinics in Sports Medicine
Chaojun Zheng, Yu Zhu, Jianyuan Jiang, Xiaosheng Ma, Feizhou Lu, Xiang Jin, Robert Weber
PURPOSE: Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is a painful foot condition. Lumbosacral radiculopathy (LR) may also present with symptoms occurring in TTS. However, no studies have been reported to determine the possible coexistence of these two conditions. The aim of our study was to identify the prevalence of TTS in patients with confirmed LR and to analyze the clinical and electrodiagnostic features of patients with both TTS and LR. METHODS: Medial and lateral plantar nerve mixed studies, peroneal motor studies and deep peroneal sensory studies were performed in 81 normal subjects and 561 patients with LR...
March 2016: European Spine Journal
C Milants, F C Wang, L Gomulinski, F Ledon, D Petrover, R Bonnet, J M Crielaard, J F Kaux
The anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome is a rare entrapment neuropathy of the deep peroneal nerve beneath the inferior extensor retinaculum of the ankle. It is frequently unrecognized and may lead to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. We report the case of a 77 year old patient complaining of symptoms of an anterior tarsal tunnel syndrome with neuropathic pain located at the dorsal part of the foot, without any sensorimotor loss. The ENMG was in favour of a motor impairment of the deep peroneal nerve. MRI exploration of the ankle showed a millimetric bony overgrowth of the upper pole of the navicular bone, irritative to the deep peroneal nerve...
July 2015: Revue Médicale de Liège
Scott C Carrington, Paul Stone, Dustin Kruse
An accessory soleus muscle is a rare anatomic variant that frequently presents as an asymptomatic soft tissue swelling in the posteromedial ankle. Less frequently, the anomalous muscle can cause pain and swelling with activity. We present the case of a 17-year-old male with exertional compartment syndrome and associated tarsal tunnel syndrome secondary to a very large accessory soleus muscle. After surgical excision, the patient was able to return to full activity with complete resolution of symptoms.
September 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Tugrul Ormeci, Mahir Mahirogulları, Fikret Aysal
INTRODUCTION: Various causes influence the etiology of tarsal tunnel syndrome including systemic diseases with progressive neuropathy, such as diabetes. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe a 52-year-old male patient with complaints of numbness, burning sensation and pain in both feet. The laboratory results showed that the patient had uncontrolled diabetes, and the EMG showed distal symmetrical sensory-motor neuropathy and nerve entrapment at the right. Ultrasonography and MRI showed the cyst in relation to medial plantar nerve, and edema- moderate atrophy were observed at the distal muscles of the foot...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Paul-André Deleu, Bernhard Devos Bevernage, Ivan Birch, Pierre Maldague, Vincent Gombault, Thibaut Leemrijse
BACKGROUND: Clinical and cadaver studies have reported that supernumerary muscles could be the etiology of a variety of pathologic disorders, such as posterior impingement syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS), and flexor hallucis longus tenosynovitis. We describe a unique variant of the flexor digitorum accessorius longus (FDAL) muscle as an apparent cause of TTS, functioning as an independent flexor of the second toe, which has not been described in the literature. In addition to this case report, a systematic review was performed of TTS caused by the FDAL muscle...
July 2015: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
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