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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217721/point-of-sale-tobacco-advertising-remains-prominent-in-mumbai-india
#1
Samir S Khariwala, Apurva Garg, Irina Stepanov, Prakash C Gupta, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Vikram Gota, Pankaj Chaturvedi
OBJECTIVES: In India, a 2003 law ("COPTA") banned tobacco advertising with the exception of "point of sale" and "on-pack" advertising. Given substantial evidence regarding the impact of point of sale advertising (PoS), we analyzed the prevalence of encountering such advertising in Mumbai, India. METHODS: A survey was conducted of 199 current and recent former tobacco users recruited at the Tata Memorial Hospital (Mumbai). Enrollees were queried regarding their exposure to tobacco advertising in the last 30 days through multiple media sources...
July 2016: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217541/urban-and-rural-disparity-in-tobacco-use-and-knowledge-about-oral-cancer-among-adolescents-an-epidemiological-survey-on-12-and-15-year-school-going-students
#2
Rajesh Sabnis, Kamtaram Sahu, Deepak Thakur, Sanidhya Surana, Heena Mazhar, Soumy Pandey
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the tobacco use prevalence; to understand and compare attitudes and knowledge related to tobacco use and its health impact among urban and rural students; and to assess urban and rural disparity in the use of tobacco among 12 and 15-year-old adolescents in the urban and rural schools in Chhattisgarh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 12 and 15-year-old and urban and rural school going children in Durg District...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215231/use-of-varenicline-in-smokeless-tobacco-cessation-influences-sleep-quality-and-dream-recall-frequency-but-not-dream-affect
#3
Francesca Polini, Rosastella Principe, Serena Scarpelli, Francesca Clementi, Luigi De Gennaro
OBJECTIVE: Varenicline (VCL) treatment has become popular as a part of smoking-cessation therapies, even though its possible implications in neuropsychiatric adverse events include abnormal sleep and nightmares. Our study is the first aimed at prospectively investigating changes in sleep and dream measures across such treatment by using a one week sleep diary and collecting dream recall (DR). METHODS: Thirty-eight smokers participated in two different effective smoking-cessation programs: 25 subjects received VCL, 13 subjects received nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214708/evaluating-the-role-of-smokeless-tobacco-use-indices-as-brief-measures-of-dependence
#4
Nasir Mushtaq, Laura A Beebe
INTRODUCTION: There is considerable interest in using brief measures of dependence for evaluation and treatment of tobacco dependence. The Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI) is a validated measure of dependence among cigarette smokers. However, a similar index has not been studied among ST users. The aim of this study is to develop similar ST use indices and evaluate their utility as concise dependence measures. Time to first chew/dip of the day (TTFD), number of cans of ST used per week (CPW), and number of dips/chews per day (DPD) were used to create three ST use indices; heaviness of ST use index (HSTI), ST dependence index (STDI), and ST quantity frequency index (ST-QFI)...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180905/smokeless-tobacco-use-among-adolescents-in-global-perspective
#5
Dhirendra N Sinha, Amit Kumar, Deeksha Bhartiya, Shashi Sharma, Prakash C Gupta, Harpreet Singh, Ravi Mehrotra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169257/estimation-of-serum-lactate-dehydrogenase-in-smokeless-tobacco-consumers
#6
Abinaya Chari, P Rajesh, S Prabhu
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Salivary and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels have been correlated with potentially malignant lesions. Salivary LDH levels require special testing and can be expensive. The need for a simple and cost-effective analysis tool is essential to detect the oral malignant lesions to benefit rural populations. AIM: The aim of this study is to estimate the serum LDH in patients with oral lesions due to the consumption of smokeless tobacco. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients with lesions were selected for this study while twenty patients served as a control...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164394/smokeless-tobacco-snus-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-results-from-five-pooled-cohorts
#7
S Carlsson, T Andersson, M Araghi, R Galanti, A Lager, M Lundberg, P Nilsson, M Norberg, N L Pedersen, Y Trolle-Lagerros, C Magnusson
BACKGROUND: Smoking and nicotine exposure increase insulin resistance and the risk of type 2 diabetes. Swedish smokeless tobacco (snus) is high in nicotine, and its use is prevalent in Scandinavian countries, but few studies have investigated snus use in relation to diabetes risk. OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between snus use and risk of type 2 diabetes using pooled data from five cohorts. METHODS: Analyses were based on prospective studies conducted between 1990 and 2013 including 54 531 never-smoking men and 2441 incident cases of type 2 diabetes identified through screening, self-reporting and hospital and prescription registries...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160661/measuring-youth-beliefs-about-the-harms-of-e-cigarettes-and-smokeless-tobacco-compared-to-cigarettes
#8
Alexander Persoskie, Erin Keely O'Brien, Anh B Nguyen, Cindy Tworek
This study examined validity of direct and indirect measures of perceived harm of e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco (SLT) compared to cigarettes. On direct measures, people compare one product to another, whereas on indirect measures, people rate each product separately and the researcher compares these ratings. Data from youth in Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study (2013-2014) were analyzed (N=13,651 youth aged 12-17years). The study included direct measures of perceived harm of e-cigarettes and SLT compared to cigarettes, and indirect measures were created by comparing ratings of the products...
January 26, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151705/biomarkers-of-tobacco-exposure-summary-of-an-fda-sponsored-public-workshop
#9
Cindy M Chang, Selvin Edwards, Aarthi Arab, Arseima Del Valle-Pinero, Ling Yang, Dorothy K Hatsukami
Since 2009, the United States (U.S.) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) has had the authority to regulate the manufacturing, distribution, and marketing of tobacco products in order to reduce the death and disease caused by tobacco use. Biomarkers of exposure pertain to actual human exposure to chemicals arising from tobacco use and could play an important role across a number of FDA regulatory activities, including assessing new and modified risk tobacco products and identifying and evaluating potential product standards...
November 9, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148394/young-or-adult-users-of-multiple-tobacco-nicotine-products-urgently-need-to-be-informed-of-meaningful-differences-in-product-risks
#10
Lynn T Kozlowski, David T Sweanor
Previously, it has been argued that health information efforts need to inform the public about meaningful differential risks from tobacco/nicotine products. The fact of multiple product use by the same individual further supports this need. When the majority of youth, for example, who use smokeless tobacco are also current tobacco smokers, it makes little sense to mount a smokeless prevention campaign that fails to include clear messages about the much greater risks from smoking. In April 2016, The Food & Drug Administration (FDA) announced a $36 million campaign for youth that "smokeless doesn't mean harmless...
January 25, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139545/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-urban-tamil-nadu
#11
Anu Mary Oommen, Vinod Joseph Abraham, Kuryan George, V Jacob Jose
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Surveillance of risk factors is important to plan suitable control measures for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The objective of this study was to assess the behavioural, physical and biochemical risk factors for NCDs in Vellore Corporation and Kaniyambadi, a rural block in Vellore district, Tamil Nadu, India. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 6196 adults aged 30-64 yr, with 3799 participants from rural and 2397 from urban areas...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122830/prevalence-pattern-and-sociodemographic-differentials-in-smokeless-tobacco-consumption-in-bangladesh-evidence-from-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-chakaria
#12
Mohammad Nahid Mia, S M A Hanifi, M Shafiqur Rahman, Amena Sultana, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: The health hazards associated with the use of smokeless tobacco (SLT) are similar to those of smoking. However, unlike smoking, limited initiatives have been taken to control the use of SLT, despite its widespread use in South and Southeast Asian countries including Bangladesh. It is therefore important to examine the prevalence of SLT use and its social determinants for designing appropriate strategies and programmes to control its use. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of SLT in terms of prevalence, pattern and sociodemographic differentials in a rural area of Bangladesh...
January 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121512/tobacco-product-use-by-adults-and-youths-in-the-united-states-in-2013-and-2014
#13
Karin A Kasza, Bridget K Ambrose, Kevin P Conway, Nicolette Borek, Kristie Taylor, Maciej L Goniewicz, K Michael Cummings, Eva Sharma, Jennifer L Pearson, Victoria R Green, Annette R Kaufman, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Mark J Travers, Jonathan Kwan, Cindy Tworek, Yu-Ching Cheng, Ling Yang, Nikolas Pharris-Ciurej, Dana M van Bemmel, Cathy L Backinger, Wilson M Compton, Andrew J Hyland
Background Noncigarette tobacco products are evolving rapidly, with increasing popularity in the United States. Methods We present prevalence estimates for 12 types of tobacco products, using data from 45,971 adult and youth participants (≥12 years of age) from Wave 1 (September 2013 through December 2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, a large, nationally representative, longitudinal study of tobacco use and health in the United States. Participants were asked about their use of cigarettes, e-cigarettes, traditional cigars, cigarillos, filtered cigars, pipe tobacco, hookah, snus pouches, other smokeless tobacco, dissolvable tobacco, bidis, and kreteks...
26, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116909/association-between-iq-mik-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-cardiometabolic-risk-profile-among-yup-ik-alaska-native-people
#14
Tove K Ryman, Bert B Boyer, Scarlett E Hopkins, Jacques Philip, Beti Thompson, Shirley A A Beresford, Kenneth E Thummel, Melissa A Austin
OBJECTIVE: The traditional lifestyle of Yup'ik Alaska Native people, including a diet abundant in marine-based foods and physical activity, may be cardio-protective. However, iq'mik, a traditional form of smokeless tobacco used by >50% of Yup'ik adults, could increase cardiometabolic (CM) risk. Our objective was to characterize the associations between iq'mik use and biomarkers of CM status (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C], high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], triglycerides [TG], systolic blood pressure [SBP] and diastolic blood pressure [DBP], glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c], fasting blood glucose [FBG], waist circumference [WC], and body mass index [BMI])...
January 24, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110549/description-of-tobacco-use-and-cessation-among-bhutanese-refugees-participating-in-a-tobacco-cessation-program
#15
Brody Maack, Robert Willborn
OBJECTIVES: To compare the tobacco use, exposure, and cessation differences between Bhutanese refugee and non-Hispanic Caucasian tobacco users in a US federally qualified health center tobacco cessation program. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study reviewing data from 374 patients counseled on tobacco cessation was performed. Demographic information, tobacco use history, exposure to tobacco, and type of tobacco used characterized baseline assessments. The patient record was followed forward in time to evaluate tobacco cessation outcomes as the dependent variable...
January 21, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107699/analysis-of-n-nitrosonornicotine-enantiomers-in-human-urine-by-chiral-stationary-phase-liquid-chromatography-nanoelectrospray-ionization-high-resolution-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#16
Jing Yang, Steven G Carmella, Stephen S Hecht
We have developed a chiral stationary phase liquid chromatography-nanoelectrospray ionization-high resolution tandem mass spectrometry (LC-NSI-HRMS/MS) method to investigate the enantiomeric composition of low parts per trillion amounts of the carcinogen N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) in the urine of cigarette smokers and smokeless tobacco users. (S)-NNN is the major enantiomer in tobacco and is more carcinogenic than (R)-NNN in rats, but no data are available on the enantiomeric composition of NNN in humans. The method used [(13)C6]NNN as an internal standard and [pyridine-D4]nornicotine to monitor possible artifactual formation of NNN, which was found to be less than 2% of the quantified NNN...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076666/the-global-incidence-of-lip-oral-cavity-and-pharyngeal-cancers-by-subsite-in-2012
#17
Kevin D Shield, Jacques Ferlay, Ahmedin Jemal, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Anil K Chaturvedi, Freddie Bray, Isabelle Soerjomataram
By using data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer publication Cancer Incidence in 5 Continents and GLOBOCAN, this report provides the first consolidated global estimation of the subsite distribution of new cases of lip, oral cavity, and pharyngeal cancers by country, sex, and age for the year 2012. Major geographically based, sex-based, and age-based variations in the incidence of lip, oral cavity, and pharyngeal cancers by subsite were observed. Lip cancers were highly frequent in Australia (associated with solar radiation) and in central and eastern Europe (associated with tobacco smoking)...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073035/criterion-validity-of-measures-of-perceived-relative-harm-of-e-cigarettes-and-smokeless-tobacco-compared-to-cigarettes
#18
Alexander Persoskie, Anh B Nguyen, Annette R Kaufman, Cindy Tworek
Beliefs about the relative harmfulness of one product compared to another (perceived relative harm) are central to research and regulation concerning tobacco and nicotine-containing products, but techniques for measuring such beliefs vary widely. We compared the validity of direct and indirect measures of perceived harm of e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco (SLT) compared to cigarettes. On direct measures, participants explicitly compare the harmfulness of each product. On indirect measures, participants rate the harmfulness of each product separately, and ratings are compared...
April 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071639/the-ban-on-smokeless-tobacco-products-is-systematically-violated-in-chennai-india
#19
E Vidhubala, C Pisinger, B Basumallik, D S Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: India is the world's third largest consumer of tobacco. There are twice as many users of smokeless tobacco products (STPs) as cigarette smokers. The Government of Tamil Nadu has banned the sale of gutkha and pan masala in 2013. Our aim was to identify the varieties of illegal STP available in Chennai, India. METHODS: In systematically chosen zones and regions of Chennai city, we randomly identified three kinds of kiosks (n = 18) and asked for "gutkha" and "pan masala," one of each product available...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071638/smokeless-tobacco-use-and-perceptions-of-risk-among-students-in-mumbai-municipal-schools
#20
M L Rose, D Chadha, T D Bhutia
INTRODUCTION: Nearly 15% of youth in India use tobacco. However, few studies have explored the use, knowledge, and attitudes of smokeless tobacco use among youth. AIM: To determine the patterns of use as well as knowledge and perceptions of smokeless tobacco among youth in Mumbai attending municipal schools. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed among 1053 students in the 8th and 9th grades in 16 municipal schools in Mumbai to determine the knowledge and perceptions about smokeless tobacco products as well as the patterns of use...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
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