Read by QxMD icon Read

Smokeless tobacco

Israel Agaku, Satomi Odani, Constantine Vardavas, Linda Neff
BACKGROUND: We investigated tobacco-related self-identity and risk perceptions among adolescent tobacco users. METHODS: Data were analyzed for 20 675 US sixth- to 12th-graders from the 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey. Students who reported past-30-day use of a specific tobacco product or ≥2 products but denied having used "any tobacco product" in the past 30 days were classified as not self-identifying as tobacco users. Tobacco product harm perceptions were further assessed across products...
March 15, 2018: Pediatrics
David R Strong, Mark G Myers, Kim Pulvers, Madison Noble, Kristin Brikmanis, Neal Doran
BACKGROUND: With an increase in marijuana use among adults in the United States (US), understanding the potential impact of marijuana use on tobacco use and associated behavioral and health consequences, including respiratory conditions, is necessary. METHOD: Survey responses from Wave 1 of the nationally representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study were used to assess tobacco use and marijuana use among non-current tobacco users (n = 17,952) and current established tobacco-users classified as: cigarette only users (n = 8689), e-cigarette only users (n = 437), cigar only (traditional, cigarillo, or filtered) users (n = 706), hookah only users (n = 461), smokeless tobacco only users (n = 971), cigarette + e-cigarette users (n = 709), and users of multiple tobacco products (n = 2314)...
March 3, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Kesheng Wang, Ying Liu, Youssoufou Ouedraogo, Nianyang Wang, Xin Xie, Chun Xu, Xingguang Luo
Early alcohol, tobacco and drug use prior to 18 years old are comorbid and correlated. This study included 6239 adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) in the past year and 72,010 controls from the combined data of 2013 and 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). To deal with multicollinearity existing among 17 variables related to early alcohol, tobacco and drug use prior to 18 years old, we used principal component analysis (PCA) to infer PC scores and then use weighted multiple logistic regression analyses to estimate the associations of potential factors and PC scores with MDD...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Ijeoma U Itanyi, Chika N Onwasigwe, Scott McIntosh, Tamara Bruno, Deborah Ossip, Emmanuel A Nwobi, Chima A Onoka, Echezona E Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use during adolescence is a substantial problem and adolescents are at higher risk of addiction and prolonged use. To reduce the burden of tobacco-related morbidity and mortality, monitoring of adolescent tobacco use is imperative. We aimed to determine the prevalence of tobacco use among adolescents in urban and rural secondary schools in Enugu State, southeast Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 4332 adolescents in 8th to 10th grades in 25 urban and 24 rural secondary schools in Enugu, Nigeria was done using Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) methodology...
March 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
Donatella Desideri, Carla Roselli, Ivan Fagiolino, Maria Assunta Meli
The occurrence and mobility of different elements in oral smokeless tobacco products (STPs) were determined because the effects on human health must take into account their availability. In this research, the elemental analysis of 15 oral STPs of different brands purchased in local specialty stores in Europe, and the determination of % extraction of the different elements into an artificial salivary juice during the sucking or chewing operations were performed. In all samples analyzed, cobalt (Co) and chromium (Cr) (total) levels were <0...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Deeksha Bhartiya, Amit Kumar, Jasmine Kaur, Suchitra Kumari, Amitesh Kumar Sharma, Dhirendra N Sinha, Harpreet Singh, Ravi Mehrotra
Smokeless tobacco (SLT) products are consumed by millions of people in over 130 countries around the world. Consumption of SLT has been estimated to cause a number of diseases accounting to more than 0.65 million deaths per year. There is sufficient epidemiological evidence on the association of SLT products with nicotine addiction, cancers of oral cavity and digestive systems but there is a lack of understanding of the role of toxic chemicals in these diseases. We provide the first comprehensive in-silico analysis of chemical compounds present in different SLT products used worldwide...
March 2, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Teresa W Wang, Katrina F Trivers, Kristy L Marynak, Erin Keely O'Brien, Alexander Persoskie, Sherry T Liu, Brian A King
PURPOSE: We aimed to describe U.S. youth harm perceptions of intermittent tobacco use. METHODS: Using data from the 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey of U.S. students (grades 6-12; N = 20,675), we examined prevalence and correlates of all respondents' perceived harm of using four different tobacco products on "some days but not every day." Associations between current (past 30-day) use and harm perceptions were assessed using multivariable regression...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Astrid Fontaine, Fernanda Artigas
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarettes are smokeless devices that simulate the act of tobacco smoking by spraying an ?e-liquid? and diffusing an aerosol that is inhaled by the user. Although the initial enthusiasm observed in 2012-2013 has tended to flag, electronic cigarettes are now part of the landscape of smokers seeking an alternative to smoking and abstinence. Smoking cessation professionals need to meet a growing demand from smokers and must adopt a clear position in relation to this device...
January 30, 2018: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Isaac C Rhew, Sabrina Oesterle, Donna Coffman, J David Hawkins
Earlier intention-to-treat (ITT) findings from a community-randomized trial demonstrated effects of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system on reducing problem behaviors among youth. In ITT analyses, youth were analyzed according to their original study community's randomized condition even if they moved away from the community over the course of follow-up and received little to no exposure to intervention activities. Using inverse probability weights (IPWs), this study estimated effects of CTC in the same randomized trial among youth who remained in their original study communities throughout follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Jessica A Kulak, Michelle Bover T Manderski, Mark J Travers, Cristine D Delnevo, Mary Hrywna, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Gregory G Homish, Gary A Giovino
OBJECTIVES: In this study, the aim was to document trends of ever, past 30-day, and frequent (use on > 10 days/month) hookah use among New Jersey (NJ) high school students. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2008-2014 waves of the NJ Youth Tobacco Survey, a biennial survey of public high school students in grades 9-12 with a mean age of 15 years. Multivariable logistic regressions assessed trends and correlates of hookah use. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the use of cigarettes, electronic cigarettes, and other tobacco products (including cigars, smokeless tobacco, and bidis)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
Victoria R Green, Marushka L Silveira, Heather L Kimmel, Kevin P Conway
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco and obesity are leading contributors to mortality in the United States. Due to emerging changes in youth tobacco use, further examination of co-occurrence of these issues is warranted. METHODS: This study examined associations between body mass index (BMI) and tobacco-product use and whether these varied by gender in a nationally representative sample of 12,416 Wave 1 (2013-2014) U.S. youth (12-17 years) from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study...
February 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Summer Sherburne Hawkins, Nicoline Bach, Christopher F Baum
BACKGROUND: While increasing cigarette taxes has been a major policy driver to decrease smoking, taxes on other tobacco products have received less attention. Our aims were to evaluate the impact of chewing tobacco/cigar taxes, cigarette taxes, and smoke-free legislation on adolescent male and female use of smokeless tobacco and cigars. METHODS: We analyzed data on 499,381 adolescents age 14-18 years from 36 US states in the Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (1999-2013) linked to state-level tobacco control policies...
February 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Preethy Mary Donald, George Renjith, Ankita Arora
Smokeless tobacco is used orally or nasally without burning tobacco. This is equally harmful as smokers due to the tobacco content and can cause oral cancer as well as systemic effects such as nicotinic dependence. Many other oral conditions have also been reported in association with smokeless tobacco. This paper presents features of tobacco pouch keratosis and aims to highlight the oral effects of smokeless tobacco, management, and guidelines for dentists in educating and counselling tobacco users.
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Katherine L Friedman, Megan E Roberts, Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Katherine A Yates, Electra D Paskett, Micah L Berman, Michael D Slater, Bo Lu, Amy K Ferketich
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined what adolescents find appealing in tobacco and alcohol advertisements and how different themes in advertisements are used to manipulate consumer behaviors. Yet, we know little about the relationship between the themes portrayed in advertisements and youth attitudes towards those themes. OBJECTIVES: This study compared attitudes towards advertisements for different consumer products in a sample of urban and rural adolescent boys in order to examine how key marketing themes impact adolescent attitudes towards those advertisements...
February 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Gabriella M Anic, Enver Holder-Hayes, Bridget K Ambrose, Brian L Rostron, Blair Coleman, Ahmed Jamal, Benjamin J Apelberg
INTRODUCTION: Assessing the extent that cigarette smokers use or switch to e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco can help inform the population health impact of these products. This study estimated the prevalence of e-cigarette and smokeless tobacco use and switching among current and recent former adult cigarette smokers. METHODS: Data from the 2012-2013 (n=8,891) and 2013-2014 (n=11,379) National Adult Tobacco Survey were analyzed in 2016. Response rates for this telephone survey were 44...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Luke Stanisce, Kristin Levin, Nadir Ahmad, Yekaterina Koshkareva
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide an otolaryngologist-targeted summary regarding the epidemiology, carcinogenesis, and cessation strategies for smokeless tobacco usage. STUDY DESIGN: Evidence-based literature review. METHODS: We reviewed the current evidence-based literature concerning trends in smokeless tobacco use, associations with neoplastic change, and therapeutic interventions to assist with sustained abstinence. In complement, we present an actual case of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in the setting of chronic tobacco-dentifrice usage in a lifelong nonsmoker...
February 10, 2018: Laryngoscope
Mingxia Liu, Chia-Chi Chuang Key, Allison Weckerle, Elena Boudyguina, Janet K Sawyer, Abraham K Gebre, Wayne Spoo, Om Makwana, John S Parks
Although epidemiological data and results from rodent studies support an inverse relationship between nicotine consumption and body weight, the molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. CD-1 mice were fed a basal diet or a basal diet containing low or high dose smokeless tobacco blend or high dose nicotine tartrate for 14 weeks. High dose tobacco blend and nicotine tartrate diets vs. basal diet reduced mouse body weight (16.3% and 19.7%, respectively), epididymal (67.6% and 72.5%, respectively) and brown adipose weight (42% and 38%, respectively), epididymal adipocyte size (46...
February 5, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Amit Kumar, Akanksha Tiwari, Akshatha Gadiyar, Ridhima B Gaunkar, Amita Kenkre Kamat
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is a disease of addiction and a behavior choice. It is valuable to understand the psychosocial dimension of disease. OBJECTIVES: The research aimed to assess the (I) behavioral determinants and pattern of tobacco use (II) readiness to quit tobacco among patients with oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) using transtheoretical model (TTM) approach visiting the dental college in Goa, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among 300 patients over 3 months...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Shalini Srivastav, Harsh Mahajan, Sonia Goel, Sidhyartha Mukherjee
Context: Globally, it is estimated that by 2020, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) will account for 73% of deaths and 60% of disease burden. India is in the midst of an epidemiological transition leading to increasing the prevalence of NCDs. Targeting the risk factors for NCDs is recognized as an essential preventive strategy. Aims: The rationale of this study was to decipher the baseline data on the prevalence of NCD risk factors among the rural population. Settings and Design: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 207 adults in the rural catchment area of the Department of Community Medicine...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Arun Kurupath, Pankaj Sureka
Tobacco use among school children is becoming a serious problem. The early age of initiation underscores the urgent need to intervene and protect this vulnerable group from falling prey to this addiction. The present study was undertaken to assess (i) the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use among school children in India (ii) relation of tobacco use prevalence and pattern with socio-economic status (SES) of student's family. This is a cross sectional 16 months study done in school going Indian students aged ≥ 6 years with sample size of 1460...
February 2, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"