keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Smokeless tobacco

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543690/smokeless-tobacco-consumption-and-stillbirth-population-based-case-control-study-in-rural-bangladesh
#1
Mohammad Shakhawat Hossain, Kypros Kypri, Bayzidur Rahman, Abul Hasnat Milton
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: To investigate the association between smokeless tobacco consumption (STC) during pregnancy and risk of stillbirth. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based case-control study of 253 cases and 759 randomly selected control women in Madaripur, Bangladesh. We conducted a survey of two rural local government areas, including 8082 women, and identified cases based on self-report of a stillbirth outcome of each participant's first pregnancy...
May 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534097/increased-hpa-axis-activity-and-serum-tryptophan-in-naswar-dipping-tobacco-users-a-case-control-study
#2
Faiza Sajid, Samina Bano
Nicotine is the principal addictive agent present in Naswar, a smokeless dipping tobacco product. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) has been implicated in the reinforcement properties of nicotine. Also, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is of vital importance in evaluating the response to stress and nicotine addiction. The study aimed to evaluate serum tryptophan and cortisol levels in Naswar users in relation to addiction. Additionally, serum cotinine levels were also determined to assess daily nicotine exposure...
May 22, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526392/susceptibility-to-tobacco-product-use-among-youth-in-wave-1-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#3
Dennis R Trinidad, John P Pierce, James D Sargent, Martha M White, David R Strong, David B Portnoy, Victoria R Green, Cassandra A Stanton, Kelvin Choi, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Yuyan Shi, Jennifer Pearson, Annette R Kaufman, Nicolette Borek, Blair N Coleman, Andrew Hyland, Charles Carusi, Sheila Kealey, Eric Leas, Madison Noble, Karen Messer
The purpose of this study was to investigate susceptibility and ever use of tobacco products among adolescents and young adults in the US. Cross-sectional analysis of Wave 1(2013-2014) adolescent (12-17year-olds; n=13,651) and young adult (18-24year-olds; n=9112) data from the nationally-representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study was conducted. At 12years, 5% were ever tobacco users and 36% were susceptible to use. Seventy percent were susceptible at age 17years, and the same proportion were ever users at age 22years...
May 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526065/malnutrition-and-poor-oral-health-status-are-major-risks-among-primary-school-children-at-lasbela-balochistan-pakistan
#4
Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Abdul Karim Jamali, Ifra Sameen, Fateh Muhammad Burfat, Mir Yousaf Baloch, Abdul Hameed Baloch, Ghulam Rasool Baloch, Shazia Kulsoom Lashari, Sobiya Mohiuddin Ayaz, Muhammad Younus Baloch
BACKGROUND: This survey was focusing on health and oral hygiene status of primary school children at Lasbela district considering the comparatively less developed and socio demographically deprived part of the Country. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the health status of primary school children in seven tehseels of district Lasbela, Balochistan after applying proportionate sampling technique from March 2015 to July 2015. Field teams visited assigned schools to screen children and collect health related data on predesigned and pre coded proforma...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525537/the-influence-of-smoking-and-smokeless-tobacco-on-the-progression-severity-and-treatment-outcome-in-alcohol-dependent-individuals
#5
Kerstin K Rauwolf, Kristina J Berglund, Ulf Berggren, Jan Balldin, Claudia Fahlke
Aims: The influence of tobacco use in alcohol-dependent individuals is not well understood, especially the role of snuffing, which is common in Northern Europe. The aim was therefore to investigate the influence of smoking and snuffing on the progression, severity and treatment outcome in alcohol-dependent individuals. The hypotheses were that concomitant tobacco use (i.e. smoking or snuffing) would enhance the progression and severity of alcohol dependence and be less beneficial for treatment outcome, relative to tobacco non-users...
May 19, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515547/a-randomized-pilot-study-of-brief-intervention-versus-simple-advice-for-women-tobacco-users-in-an-urban-community-in-india
#6
Sonali Jhanjee, Rakesh Lal, Ashwami Mishra, Deepak Yadav
AIM: The study aimed to assess the efficacy of providing brief intervention (BI) for women tobacco users in a community-based setting. METHODS: In this open-labeled randomized study, a representative sample of women (n = 100) from a community in East Delhi were screened using Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test. Eligible women were randomized to BI or simple advice (SA) arms. At baseline, they were assessed for tobacco use characteristics and severity of nicotine dependence using Fagerstrom's test for nicotine dependence...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511501/gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase-smokeless-tobacco-chronic-periodontitis-exploring-the-link
#7
Arati C Koregol, Nagaraj B Kalburgi, Apoorva U Kamat Wagh, Shivraj Warad
INTRODUCTION: Oxidative Stress (OS) is implicated in the pathogenesis of many systemic and oral diseases such as periodontal disease. Smokeless tobacco extract produces apoptosis and causes an imbalance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidants, such as Gamma Glutamyl Transpeptidase (GGT). Epidemiological research implied serum GGT within its normal range to be an early sensitive enzyme related to OS. AIM: To assess how GGT fares as a biomarker in periodontitis subjects with or without the usage of smokeless tobacco and correlate it with clinical parameters...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511416/correlation-of-cotinine-levels-with-use-of-smokeless-tobacco-mishri-among-pregnant-women-and-anthropometry-of-newborn
#8
Praveen Ganganahalli, Asha Pratinidhi, Jyotsna Patil, Satish V Kakade
INTRODUCTION: 'Smokeless tobacco' is the term used for the tobacco that is consumed in un-burnt form and it can be used orally or nasally. Cotinine, a nicotine metabolite, is used to quantify exposure to tobacco, which readily gains access to foetal circulation. Cotinine is invariably found in coelomic, amniotic and foetal serum when maternal serum cotinine levels exceed 25ng/ml. AIM: To estimate cotinine levels among pregnant women using and not using smokeless tobacco (mishri) and to correlate cotinine level with anthropometry of newborns...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508405/detection-of-cytological-changes-in-oral-mucosa-among-users-of-smokeless-tobacco-shamma-in-the-ksa
#9
Eid I Brima
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Smokeless tobacco (ST) use is a major cause of cytological changes in the oral mucosa. ST products, such as shamma, which is prevalent in southern Saudi Arabia, raise concerns about the adverse health effects among its users. We evaluated the cytological changes in the oral mucosa of users and nonusers of shamma in the city of Najran, using Papanicolaou staining. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed questionnaires and consent forms for this study that were administered to a total of 397 participants, comprising 250 nonusers of shamma (controls) and 147 shamma users (cases)...
May 15, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495263/tobacco-use-among-people-living-with-hiv-analysis-of-data-from-demographic-and-health-surveys-from-28-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#10
Noreen D Mdege, Sarwat Shah, Olalekan A Ayo-Yusuf, James Hakim, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use among people living with HIV results in excess morbidity and mortality. However, very little is known about the extent of tobacco use among people living with HIV in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We assessed the prevalence of tobacco use among people living with HIV in LMICs. METHODS: We used Demographic and Health Survey data collected between 2003 and 2014 from 28 LMICs where both tobacco use and HIV test data were made publicly available...
June 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486772/use-of-moist-oral-snuff-snus-and-pancreatic-cancer-pooled-analysis-of-nine-prospective-observational-studies
#11
Marzieh Araghi, Maria Rosaria Galanti, Michael Lundberg, Anton Lager, Gunnar Engström, Lars Alfredsson, Anders Knutsson, Margareta Norberg, Malin Sund, Patrik Wennberg, Ylva Trolle Lagerros, Rino Bellocco, Nancy L Pedersen, Per-Olof Östergren, Cecilia Magnusson
While smoking is a well-established risk factor for pancreatic cancer, the effect of smokeless tobacco is less well understood. We used pooled individual data from the Swedish Collaboration on Health Effects of Snus Use to assess the association between Swedish snus use and the risk of pancreatic cancer. A total of 424,152 male participants from nine cohort studies were followed up for risk of pancreatic cancer through linkage to health registers. We used shared frailty models with random effects at the study level, to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) adjusted for confounding factors...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485346/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract-in-exclusive-smokers-chewers-and-those-with-no-habits
#12
S Nair, S Datta, S Thiagarajan, S Chakrabarti, D Nair, P Chaturvedi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption is the major risk factor for developing head and neck squamous cell cancer (SCC). The site of development of HNSCC may depend on the way the tobacco is consumed. While laryngeal cancers are more common among smokers, oral cancers are more common among tobacco chewers. Since the use of smokeless tobacco is increasing, it is important to know whether this difference is restricted only to site wise distribution or it has other clinical and pathological implications...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484362/socio-demographic-characteristics-and-tobacco-use-among-the-adults-in-urban-slums-of-dhaka-bangladesh
#13
Nusrat Nausheen Khandker, Tuhin Biswas, Abdullah Nurus Salam Khan, Enamul Hasib, Lal B Rawal
BACKGROUND: Use of tobacco has become one of the major causes of premature deaths in most developing countries, including Bangladesh. The poorest and most disadvantaged populations, such as those living in slums, are considered to be extremely vulnerable to non-communicable diseases and their risk factors, especially tobacco use. The objective of this study was to assess the current status of tobacco consumption among slum dwellers and its association with socio-demographic factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three slums of Dhaka city...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481578/testing-measurement-invariance-of-the-upps-p-impulsive-behavior-scale-in-hispanic-latino-and-non-hispanic-latino-college-students
#14
Angela K Stevens, Brittany E Blanchard, Molin Shi, Andrew K Littlefield
The National Institutes of Health's (NIH) PhenX Toolkit has recognized the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale as a recommended measure of impulsive dispositions, as this framework for impulsivity-like traits has demonstrated strong psychometric properties across a variety of samples and exhibited measurement and structural invariance across males and females. Impulsivity-like facets, as assessed by this measure, have also demonstrated robust relations to alcohol and substance use. However, racial and ethnic differences in impulsivity have largely been neglected in the literature...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474058/-effect-of-tobacco-extracts-on-human-gingival-fibroblasts-proliferation-and-fibronectin-expression
#15
Jun-Ya Shao, Jian-Zhong Wang, Meng-Rong Xu, Lan-Fang Zhou
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence and mechanism of smokeless tobacco (ST) extracts on proliferation and fibronectin expression of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) adhered to titanium plates. METHODS: The cultured primary HGFs with ST of different concentrations for a period of 2h and 2, 4, 6, 8 d was separately conducted; the cell proliferation and the adhesion was assayed using CCK-8 method; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the content of supernatant fibronectin (FN) at different times...
February 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472411/sexual-and-gender-minority-college-students-and-tobacco-use-in-texas
#16
Josephine T Hinds, Alexandra Loukas, Cheryl L Perry
Introduction.: Most research regarding sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations is limited to examination of cigarette or general tobacco use, or does not examine heterogeneity across SGM groups other than lesbian or gay and bisexual individuals. This study examined differences in the odds of current use and age of initiation of five tobacco/nicotine products among three groups of SGM young adults who self-identified as: 1) gay or lesbian, 2) bisexual, and 3) queer, transgender, "other," compared to their heterosexual peers...
May 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470547/disparities-in-us-healthcare-provider-screening-and-advice-for-cessation-across-chronic-medical-conditions-and-tobacco-products
#17
Diana R Keith, Cassandra A Stanton, Diann E Gaalema, Janice Y Bunn, Nathan J Doogan, Ryan Redner, Allison N Kurti, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Alexa A Lopez, Adam L Morehead, Megan E Roberts, Stephen T Higgins
BACKGROUND: Disparities in tobacco use are worsening in the United States, disproportionately affecting those with chronic medical conditions. One possible contributor is that physicians may not screen and advise cessation uniformly across patients and/or tobacco products. OBJECTIVE: This study examined provider communications regarding cigarette and non-cigarette tobacco products among adults with chronic conditions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study drawn from two waves (2013-2014) of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)...
May 3, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467356/akr1c1-as-a-biomarker-for-differentiating-the-biological-effects-of-combustible-from-non-combustible-tobacco-products
#18
Sangsoon Woo, Hong Gao, David Henderson, Wolfgang Zacharias, Gang Liu, Quynh T Tran, G L Prasad
Smoking has been established as a major risk factor for developing oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), but less attention has been paid to the effects of smokeless tobacco products. Our objective is to identify potential biomarkers to distinguish the biological effects of combustible tobacco products from those of non-combustible ones using oral cell lines. Normal human gingival epithelial cells (HGEC), non-metastatic (101A) and metastatic (101B) OSCC cell lines were exposed to different tobacco product preparations (TPPs) including cigarette smoke total particulate matter (TPM), whole-smoke conditioned media (WS-CM), smokeless tobacco extract in complete artificial saliva (STE), or nicotine (NIC) alone...
May 3, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447180/american-indian-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-smokeless-tobacco-a-comparison-of-two-focus-group-studies
#19
Kathryn Rollins, Charley Lewis, Ryan Goeckner, Joseph Pacheco, T Edward Smith, Jason Hale, Sean Makosky Daley, Won S Choi, Christine Makosky Daley
Though smokeless tobacco (SLT) use has decreased in many communities, concern for American Indian (AI) SLT use remains, as this population continues to be disproportionally affected by SLT-related diseases. Tobacco has cultural significance to many AI tribes, therefore tobacco cessation messages portraying tobacco as entirely negative may be ineffective. As a part of our formative research for an SLT cessation intervention, we sought to gain a better understanding of the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about SLT among AI community members...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444188/gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-method-to-quantify-benzo-a-pyrene-in-tobacco-products
#20
Karl A Wagner, Chorng B Huang, Matt S Melvin, Regina Ballentine, Naren K Meruva, Jason W Flora
The USA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) established benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) as a harmful and potentially harmful constituent (HPHC) found in tobacco products. Tobacco manufacturers are required to report HPHC quantities to the FDA; however, there is currently no standardized method for determination of B[a]P in smokeless tobacco products (STPs). This work details a sensitive, selective and rapid method for the determination of B[a]P in STPs, cigarette filler and tobacco. Tobacco is extracted using methanol followed by solid-phase extraction and concentration prior to analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in the selected ion monitoring mode...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
keyword
keyword
62523
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"