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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911014/re-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-the-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-pooled-analysis-of-us-studies-in-the-inhance-consortium
#1
Brad Rodu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900627/predictors-of-hypertension-among-nonpregnant-females-attending-health-promotion-clinic-with-special-emphasis-on-smokeless-tobacco-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Devika Bhatt, Shashi Sharma, Ruchika Gupta, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
AIM: To determine the predictors of hypertension among nonpregnant females attending a health promotion clinic. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted during March to June 2016, at the National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, India. METHODS: The study included 319 nonpregnant females of age 20-70 years. Demographics such as age, literacy, and income were noted. History regarding use, frequency, and quantity of smokeless tobacco was taken...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893040/relationship-between-parental-bonding-and-tobacco-specific-practices-as-predictors-of-tobacco-usage-in-adults
#3
Kailash Asawa, Astha Doshi, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Ashish Chhajlani, Satish Bhosle, Sandeep Jain, Disha Shah
INTRODUCTION: Parents influence their child's conduct and adolescence hostility either directly or indirectly. Similarly children can acquire a particular behaviour by observing and intentionally imitating their parents in order to simply copy them without understanding the positive or negative outcome. AIM: To assess and compare the association between parental tobacco usage and parental bonding with participants tobacco usage habits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 130 adults...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880223/how-social-care-beneficiaries-in-poland-rate-relative-harmfulness-of-various-tobacco-and-nicotine-containing-products
#4
Marek Milcarz, Kinga Polańska, Leokadia Bak-Romaniszyn, Dorota Kaleta
The aim of the study was to examine how social care beneficiaries rate the relative harmfulness of tobacco/nicotine-containing products compared to traditional cigarettes. This information is crucial for the development of effective tobacco control strategies targeting disadvantaged populations. The cross-sectional study covered 1817 respondents who were taking advantage of social aid services offered by the local social care institutions in the Piotrkowski district, via face-to-face interviews. The linear regression analysis indicated that relative to women, men consider slim cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and e-cigarettes to be more harmful than traditional cigarettes (p < 0...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862802/cytological-and-cytomorphometric-characteristics-of-buccal-mucosa-cells-from-smokeless-tobacco-users
#5
Adile Ferda Dagli, Nurhan Sahin, Zehra Bozdag, Ozlem Ucer, Ayse Nur Akatli, Gokhan Artas, İbrahim Sahin, Meltem Yardim, Semih Dalkilic, Ramazan Fazil Akkoc, Sercan Simsek, Suleyman Aydin
BACKGROUND: Use of smokeless tobacco (ST) is increasing in many communities. We investigated whether ST alters the cytological and cytomorphometric features of buccal mucosa cells. METHODS: Twenty male participants who had used Nicotiana rustica Linn.-containing ST (Maras powder) for at least 10 years, and 20 healthy male controls who did not use ST, were included in this study. After rinsing the mouth with water, samples were taken using a toothbrush from the buccal mucosa of subjects in both groups...
September 1, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862229/prevalence-of-tobacco-in-darbhanga-district-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#6
Jatin Gupta, Swarnalatha J Wesly, Kanupriya Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Chewing tobacco, smoking, and consumption of alcoholic beverages have become common social habits in India. No study has been conducted so far in this part of Bihar regarding the prevalence of tobacco. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use, its influences, triggers, and associated oral lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted. Patients who consume tobacco in any form were selected and were interviewed through a pretested structured questionnaire in relation to their tobacco habits, its influences, and triggers...
July 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853124/effect-of-smokeless-tobacco-on-surface-roughness-of-dental-restorations
#7
Shani O Thompson, Gerald D Griffin, Nicole Meyer, Manuel Pelaez
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Surface alterations of dental restorations can result in increased plaque biofilm. This leads to increased risk of premature restoration failure. Smokeless tobacco, in common use by some US military personnel, represents a potential source for surface alteration. If smokeless tobacco causes an untoward effect, selection of a more resistant restorative material could increase restoration longevity, thus minimizing lost work time and costs associated with replacement of failed restorations...
July 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852276/an-informal-school-based-peer-led-intervention-for-prevention-of-tobacco-consumption-in-adolescence-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-gandhinagar
#8
Anjali Sunil Kumar Mall, Aroor Bhagyalaxmi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use among adolescence is one of the important preventable causes of death as well as a leading public health problem all over the world. The present study was conducted with the objective of studying the effect of peer-led interventions on tobacco use among adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty schools were randomly selected and ten schools each were identified as cluster for intervention and control groups. A total of 402 students in intervention group and 422 in control group were studied...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852236/felt-need-and-treatment-seeking-barriers-among-substance-abusers-in-urban-slum-area-in-central-india
#9
Himanshu Jayantrao Ashtankar, Manoj Rajanna Talapalliwar
INTRODUCTION: Substance abuse is known public health problem in the world. Felt need of treatment and barriers in seeking treatment are important for successful treatment of addictions. Therefore, this study was designed to understand the pattern (type) of substance abuse among residents of urban slum and to study the felt need and barriers for the treatment of substance abuse among substance abusers in urban slum areas of the central India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in slum area in central India...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852228/interrelations-of-level-of-urinary-cotinine-and-score-for-fagerstrom-test-for-nicotine-dependence-among-beedi-smokers-and-smokeless-tobacco-users-in-india
#10
REVIEW
Nalini M Vinoth Kumar, Shahnawaz Khijmatgar, Chitta Chowdhury
BACKGROUND: Tobacco related diseases is largely preventable and can stop pre-mature death. According to World Health Organization (WHO), the prevalence rate of smoking is 28.6% (40% among males and 18.2% among females).([1]) Beedismoking and tobacco chewing are the commonest forms of tobacco habits in India, and strongly associated with oral cancer in India.([2]) There are methods to estimation of severity of tobacco dependency, of them FTND is identified. The score for FTND is used for cigarette smoking, but we do not know the FTND score of ST users and Beedi smokers in India...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846942/co-occurrence-of-tobacco-product-use-substance-use-and-mental-health-problems-among-youth-findings-from-wave-1-2013-2014-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#11
Kevin P Conway, Victoria R Green, Karin A Kasza, Marushka L Silveira, Nicolette Borek, Heather L Kimmel, James D Sargent, Cassandra A Stanton, Elizabeth Lambert, Nahla Hilmi, Chad J Reissig, Kia J Jackson, Susanne E Tanski, David Maklan, Andrew J Hyland, Wilson M Compton
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette use is associated with substance use and mental health problems among youth, but associations are unknown for non-cigarette tobacco product use, as well as the increasingly common poly-tobacco use. METHODS: The current study examined co-occurrence of substance use and mental health problems across tobacco products among 13,617 youth aged 12-17years from Wave 1 (2013-2014) of the nationally representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study...
August 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839446/socioeconomic-disparities-in-smoking-behavior-and-early-smoking-initiation-among-men-in-malawi
#12
Sanni Yaya, Ghose Bishwajit, Vaibhav Shah, Michael Ekholuenetale
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a growing concern for health care systems as it is projected to become the leading cause of death in the developing world. Knowledge of how smoking behavior differs across socioeconomic groups is crucial for designing effective preventive policies and alleviating the disparities. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of (1) smoking status, (2) early smoking initiation, and (3) association with socioeconomic status (SES) of the 2 among Malawian men...
2017: Tobacco Use Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839407/smokeless-tobacco-profiling-sachets-and-pattern-of-use-among-low-socioeconomic-population-of-puducherry
#13
Kuldeep Singh Shekhawat, Arunima Chauhan, S Sakthidevi, Prasoon Goyal, Saptadeepa Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Tobacco consumption is highest among labor classes and low socioeconomic status (SES), with inclination toward smokeless tobacco (SLT). AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of SLT consumption with secondary objective to profile various sachets of SLT most commonly sold in the study setting. SETTING AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire study conducted in rural Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A self-interviewed structured questionnaire was administered to 150 participants from two villages...
April 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836542/adolescent-tobacco-menace-attitudes-norms-and-parental-influence
#14
Preeti Sharma, Vijay Wadhwan, Pooja Aggarwal, Neeraj Sharma
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a very delicate and vulnerable age when children are exposed to the harmful and damaging culture of the society. Tobacco habits are increasingly becoming an annoying menace to the Indian society since the past few years. The teenage group is fast catching up the tobacco habits because of its easy availability in the local Indian markets. Thus, this study was envisaged to analyze the factors responsible for this adverse habit and to obtain an overview of the trends in tobacco habits in young children of North India...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828766/perspective-on-health-seeking-behavior-of-patients-with-oropharyngeal-cancers-from-a-pakistani-background
#15
Maria Shoaib, Syed Ahsanuddin Ahmed, Syed Muhammad Waqar, Zainab Abbasi, Farah Hafiz Yusuf
Oropharyngeal cancers are the most common cancers of head neck region, they are placed amongst the top ten malignancies globally and around 40% of all the cancers in South and South East Asia. Patient's personal behaviour impacts causality more than the environmental factors in the pathology and prognosis of this particular cancer. In our country risk factors are based on poor infrastructure of the health care system, illiteracy, poor socioeconomic status, Betel nut and quid, smokeless and smoke tobacco. We recommend that an active precautionary approach is required to restrict the rising incidence in the oral cancers, particularly due to culturally related risk habits and reluctance to seek early healthcare amongst our people...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827869/predictors-of-intention-to-quit-tobacco-among-construction-site-workers-in-delhi-india
#16
Mamta Parashar, Mitasha Singh, Rashmi Agarwalla, Meely Panda, Rambha Pathak
BACKGROUND: Information on predictors of quitting behavior among construction site tobacco users is scarce in India. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the intention of tobacco users toward quitting and its predictors with reference to sociodemographic profile. METHODOLOGY: A community-based, observational study was conducted on adult 172 construction site workers in a university campus of Delhi. Data were collected by an interview using the WHO-adopted, pretested, semi-structured questionnaire...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817323/rural-versus-urban-use-of-traditional-and-emerging-tobacco-products-in-the-united-states-2013-2014
#17
Megan E Roberts, Nathan J Doogan, Cassandra A Stanton, Amanda J Quisenberry, Andrea C Villanti, Diann E Gaalema, Diana R Keith, Allison N Kurti, Alexa A Lopez, Ryan Redner, Antonio Cepeda-Benito, Stephen T Higgins
OBJECTIVES: To examine urban-rural differences in US prevalences of traditional and emerging tobacco product use as well as dual or polytobacco use of these products. METHODS: Our data were derived from wave 1 (2013-2014) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. We estimated weighted prevalences of adult tobacco use across urban-rural geographies and examined prevalences classified by gender, poverty level, and region of the country. RESULTS: Nationally, cigarette use and smokeless tobacco use, as well as dual or polytobacco use of traditional products, were more prevalent in rural than in urban areas...
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#18
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801467/minors-moral-psychology-and-the-harm-reduction-debate-the-case-of-tobacco-and-nicotine
#19
Lynn T Kozlowski
Harm reduction debates are important in health policy. Although it has been established that morality affects policy, this article proposes that perspectives from moral psychology help to explain the challenges of developing evidence-based policy on prohibition-only versus tobacco/nicotine harm reduction for minors. Protecting youth from tobacco is critical, especially since tobacco/nicotine products are legal for adults, who usually begin using when young. Although cigarettes and other combustibles are the deadliest tobacco products, other products such as smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes, though unsafe, are upward of 90 percent less harmful than cigarettes...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798263/cost-effectiveness-of-a-smokeless-tobacco-control-mass-media-campaign-in-india
#20
Nandita Murukutla, Hongjin Yan, Shuo Wang, Nalin Singh Negi, Alexey Kotov, Sandra Mullin, Mark Goodchild
BACKGROUND: Tobacco control mass media campaigns are cost-effective in reducing tobacco consumption in high-income countries, but similar evidence from low-income countries is limited. An evaluation of a 2009 smokeless tobacco control mass media campaign in India provided an opportunity to test its cost-effectiveness. METHODS: Campaign evaluation data from a nationally representative household survey of 2898 smokeless tobacco users were compared with campaign costs in a standard cost-effectiveness methodology...
August 10, 2017: Tobacco Control
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