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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906785/210po-in-human-saliva-of-smokeless-tobacco-users
#1
Maria Assunta Meli, Donatella Desideri, Carla Roselli, Laura Feduzi
The occurrence and mobility of Po in oral smokeless tobacco products (STPs) were determined because its effects on human health must be taken into account. This research was subdivided into two parts: determination by alpha spectrometry of the Po activity concentration in 16 oral smokeless tobacco products of different brands purchased in local specialty stores in Europe and evaluation of its percent extraction into an artificial salivary gland during sucking or chewing operations. Polonium-210 was detected in all samples, and its concentrations ranged from 3...
January 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905983/current-tobacco-use-and-its-associated-factors-among-adults-in-a-country-with-comprehensive-ban-on-tobacco-findings-from-the-nationally-representative-steps-survey-bhutan-2014
#2
Mongal Singh Gurung, Dorji Pelzom, Tandin Dorji, Wangchuk Drukpa, Chador Wangdi, Palanivel Chinnakali, Sonu Goel
BACKGROUND: Despite a comprehensive ban on cultivation, manufacture, distribution, and sale of tobacco products since 2004, two nationwide surveys conducted in 2012 and 2013 reported high tobacco use in Bhutan. National Health Survey 2012 reported that 4 % of the population aged 15-75 years used smoked tobacco and about 48 % used smokeless tobacco. Similarly, Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) of Bhutan reported tobacco use prevalence of 30.3 % in 2013. However, factors associated with this high tobacco use were not systematically studied...
August 8, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903956/global-burden-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-due-to-smokeless-tobacco-use-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Dhirendra N Sinha, Rizwan A Suliankatchi, Prakash C Gupta, Thaksaphon Thamarangsi, Naveen Agarwal, Mark Parascandola, Ravi Mehrotra
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review and meta-analyse the studies investigating the association between smokeless tobacco (SLT) use and all-cause mortality and cause-specific mortality outcomes among adult users of SLT and estimate the number of attributable deaths worldwide. METHODS: Random-effects meta-analysis was used to estimate the pooled risk of death due to SLT use. Population attributable fractions were derived and used to calculate the number of attributable deaths...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903086/the-association-of-smokeless-tobacco-use-and-pack-years-of-smokeless-tobacco-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-indian-population
#4
Sangeetha Srinvasan, Gayathri Swaminathan, Vaitheeswaran Kulothungan, Tarun Sharma, Rajiv Raman
PURPOSE: To explore the association of use and the influence of pack-year use of smokeless tobacco versus no use with that of early and late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in rural and urban south Indian population. We hypothesized that the use and pack-years of use would be significantly associated with both early and late AMD. We therefore sought to examine subjects who gave a history of using smokeless tobacco and we quantified the usage as pack-years, to examine the association with that of early and late AMD...
November 30, 2016: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898495/frequency-of-e-cigarette-use-health-status-and-risk-and-protective-health-behaviors-in-adolescents
#5
Michael S Dunbar, Joan S Tucker, Brett A Ewing, Eric R Pedersen, Jeremy N V Miles, Regina A Shih, Elizabeth J D'Amico
OBJECTIVES: E-cigarettes (ECs) are increasingly popular among adolescents, who perceive them as "safer" than cigarettes. Although research has examined risk factors for adolescent EC use, little is known about how EC use correlates with health status and protective health behaviors. METHODS: In all, 2488 adolescents (mean age = 17.31 years, SD = 0.67; 46% male) completed a survey on EC and cigarette use, physical and mental health, physical activity, diet, sleep, and alcohol and other drug (AOD) use...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895546/a-gaping-gap-smokeless-tobacco-control-in-pakistan
#6
REVIEW
Zohaib Khan
Oral cancer is second most common cancer in Pakistan and one of the major contributing factors to its high incidence is smokeless tobacco (SLT) use. 5.3% of Pakistan's youth are current SLT users. The World Health Organization requires the signatories of its "Framework Convention on Tobacco Control" to officially ban the sale of tobacco products to minors. We reviewed the Government of Pakistan's tobacco control, and related supporting policies, to assess how these address the issue of sale of SLT products to minors and found evident gaps in this regard...
2016: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893209/determination-of-metal-levels-in-shamma-smokeless-tobacco-with-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry-icp-ms-in-najran-saudi-arabia
#7
Eid Ibrahim Brima
Objective: The use of Shamma (smokeless tobacco) by certain groups is giving rise to health problems, including cancer, in parts of Saudi Arabia. Our objective was to determine metals levels in Shamma using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Methods: Thirty-three samples of Shamma (smokeless tobacco) were collected, comprising four types: brown Shamma (n = 14.0), red Shamma (n = 9.0), white Shamma (n = 4.0), and yellow Shamma (n = 6.0). All samples were collected randomly from Shamma users in the city of Najran...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891477/assessment-of-periodontal-health-status-in-smokers-and-smokeless-tobacco-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Kishore Kumar Katuri, Juhee Keerthana Alluri, Chaitanya Chintagunta, Nagarjuna Tadiboina, Ravithej Borugadda, Mitali Loya, Yamuna Marella, Appaiah Chowdary Bollepalli
INTRODUCTION: Oral smokeless tobacco consumption has been considered as a major risk factor for oral cancer, its role as a risk factor for periodontal disease is less well documented when compared to that of relationship between smoking and periodontal disease. AIM: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate the effect of various forms of tobacco consumption i.e., smoking and smokeless tobacco forms on periodontal status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population included 120 subjects with the habit of tobacco consumption, based on form of tobacco use they were divided into Group 1 (smoking), Group 2 (Smokeless tobacco), and Group 3 (smokers and smokeless tobacco users)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891470/determinants-of-smokeless-tobacco-consumption-and-its-cessation-among-its-current-users-in-india
#9
Almas Binnal, G Rajesh, Junaid Ahmed, Ceena Denny
INTRODUCTION: Global Smokeless Tobacco (SLT) consumption is on the rise and constitutes a major Public Health problem. Controlling SLT intake is central to containing the increasing tobacco menace. AIM: The present study was undertaken to comprehensively explore various factors involved in SLT consumption and its cessation among current SLT users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Present study was conducted among current SLT users visiting Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences (MCODS), Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891376/smokeless-tobacco-and-stroke-a-clinico-epidemiological-follow-up-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#10
Subhransu Sekhar Jena, Shobhitendu Kabi, Baikuntha Nath Panda, B C Kameswari, Payal, Ishwar Chandra Behera, Subrat Kumar Tripathy, Seemanchana Mahanta
INTRODUCTION: Among the modifiable risk factors for stroke, tobacco smoking is well recognized. In some studies the use of Smokeless Tobacco (ST) has also been contributed as a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Use of ST is very common in South-East Asia. The form of ST varies according to the geographical and cultural variation. AIM: To study the various clinical symptoms and radiological findings of stroke due to different types of ST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective hospital based study carried out over a period of 2 years...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890978/patterns-of-use-and-perceptions-of-harm-of-smokeless-tobacco-in-navi-mumbai-india-and-dhaka-bangladesh
#11
Seema Mutti, Jessica L Reid, Prakash C Gupta, Mangesh S Pednekar, Gauri Dhumal, Nigar Nargis, Akm Ghulam Hussain, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: Globally, smokeless tobacco use is disproportionately concentrated in low-income and middle-income countries like India and Bangladesh. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined comparative patterns of use and perceptions of harm for different smokeless tobacco products among adults and youth in Navi Mumbai, India, and Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted on tablets with adult (19 years and older) smokeless tobacco users and youth (16-18 years) users and non-users in Navi Mumbai (n = 1002), and Dhaka (n = 1081)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886652/factors-associated-with-short-term-transitions-of-nondaily-smokers-socio-demographic-characteristics-and-other-tobacco-product-use
#12
Yingning Wang, Hai-Yen Sung, Tingting Yao, James Lightwood, Wendy Max
AIMS: To examine the transitions in smoking status among nondaily smokers who transitioned to daily or former smokers or remained as nondaily smokers over a 12-month period. We analyzed factors associated with these transitions, including the use of cigars and smokeless tobacco (SLT). DESIGN: Secondary data analyses using pooled data from the 2003, 2006/07 and 2010/11 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS). SETTING: USA PARTICIPANTS: Self-respondents aged 18+ who have smoked for more than 5 years and were nondaily smokers 12 months before the interview (n = 13,673 or 14...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885168/educational-and-wealth-inequalities-in-tobacco-use-among-men-and-women-in-54-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Sam Harper, Linda Ernstsen
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic differentials of tobacco smoking in high-income countries are well described. However, studies to support health policies and place monitoring systems to tackle socioeconomic inequalities in smoking and smokeless tobacco use common in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) are seldom reported. We aimed to describe, sex-wise, educational and wealth-related inequalities in tobacco use in LMICs. METHODS: We analysed Demographic and Health Survey data on tobacco use collected from large nationally representative samples of men and women in 54 LMICs...
November 24, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872345/hazards-of-cigarettes-smokeless-tobacco-and-waterpipe-in-a-middle-eastern-population-a-cohort-study-of-50%C3%A2-000-individuals-from-iran
#14
Arash Etemadi, Hooman Khademi, Farin Kamangar, Neal D Freedman, Christian C Abnet, Paul Brennan, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the hazards of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and waterpipe in the Middle East. The aim of this study was to determine the association between different types of tobacco use and earlier death in the Golestan Cohort Study. METHODS: The Study includes 50 045 adults (aged 40-75 years) from north eastern Iran. The baseline questionnaire (2004-2008) assessed information about use of cigarettes, chewing tobacco (nass) and waterpipe...
November 21, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868166/the-use-of-e-cigarettes-among-school-going-adolescents-in-a-predominantly-rural-environment-of-central-appalachia
#15
Daniel Owusu, Jocelyn Aibangbee, Candice Collins, Crystal Robertson, Liang Wang, Mary A Littleton, Rafie Boghozian, Vicki Casenburg, Hadii M Mamudu
E-cigarette use among youth in the United States (U.S.) continues to increase. In the rural Northeast Tennessee, where prevalence of tobacco use is higher than national and state averages, there is no literature on e-cigarette use to inform policies and programs. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of e-cigarette use and examine association of e-cigarette use with two tobacco products among school-going adolescents. Data from 894 participants of a school-based survey conducted in 2016 in Northeast Tennessee were analyzed...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865237/smoked-and-smokeless-tobacco-use-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-under-rntcp-in-urban-puducherry-india
#16
Veerakumar Arumugam Mariappan, Swaroop Kumar Sahu, Sonali Sarkar, Shivanand Kattimani, Govindarajan Soundappan
BACKGROUND: Smoking is associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes like failures and defaults among the TB patients. OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use among the pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients in urban Pondicherry and study the association of various socio-demographic variables with current smoked and smokeless tobacco users. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 235 PTB patients from 6 randomly selected urban PHCs of Pondicherry from Jan 2013 to March 2014...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856998/tobacco-industry-use-of-flavourings-to-promote-smokeless-tobacco-products
#17
Ganna Kostygina, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: While fruit, candy and alcohol characterising flavours are not allowed in cigarettes in the USA, other flavoured tobacco products such as smokeless tobacco (ST) continue to be sold. We investigated tobacco manufacturers' use of flavoured additives in ST products, the target audience(s) for flavoured products, and marketing strategies promoting products by emphasising their flavour. METHODS: Qualitative analysis of internal tobacco industry documents triangulated with data from national newspaper articles, trade press and internet...
November 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852893/philip-morris-research-on-precursors-to-the-modern-e-cigarette-since-1990
#18
Lauren M Dutra, Rachel Grana, Stanton A Glantz
BACKGROUND: Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is increasing rapidly. Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik is frequently cited as inventing the modern e-cigarette in 2003. However, tobacco companies have developed electronic nicotine delivery systems since at least 1963. METHODS: We searched the University of California San Francisco Truth (formerly Legacy) Tobacco Industry Documents beginning with the terms 'electric cigarette' and 'electronic cigarettes', 'e-cigarette', 'smokeless cigarettes', 'nicotine aerosol', 'tobacco aerosol', and 'vaping' and then expanded the search using snowball sampling...
November 15, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843844/the-intergenerational-transmission-of-tobacco-habit-role-of-parents-and-the-family
#19
Shridhar Dwivedi, Rambha Pathak, Rashmi Agarwalla, Wazid Ali
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco pandemic has become one of the greatest public health challenges of all time. The socio-environmental factors prevailing at home have been identified as one of the most important causes of adopting smoking and other types of smokeless tobacco. OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to find out the prevalence and pattern of tobacco use in the patients registered in the clinic and to study the role of parental and family influence on tobacco use...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798090/the-effect-of-tobacco-control-policies-on-us-smokeless-tobacco-use-a-structured-review
#20
REVIEW
David T Levy, Darren Mays, Raymond G Boyle, Jamie Tam, Frank J Chaloupka
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use has shifted increasingly from cigarettes to other products. While the focus has been mostly on cigarette-oriented policies, it is important to gauge the effects of policies targeting other products. We review and critique the literature on how policies affect smokeless tobacco (ST). METHODS: We conducted a search of the literature on tobacco control policies as they relate to ST use, focusing on tobacco taxes, smoke-free air laws, media campaigns, advertising restrictions, health warnings, cessation treatment policies and youth access policies...
October 25, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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