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Pulmonar fibrosis

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La bronquiolitis obliterante es una enfermedad pulmonar crónica infrecuente y grave producto de una lesión del tracto respiratorio inferior. En nuestro país, es más frecuente observarla secundaria a una lesión viral grave, en especial, por adenovirus. La bronquiolitis obliterante se caracteriza por la oclusión parcial o total del lumen de los bronquiolos respiratorios y terminales por tejido inflamatorio y fibrosis, que produce la obstrucción crónica de la vía aérea. Este consenso discute el estado actual del conocimiento en las diferentes áreas de la bronquiolitis obliterante secundaria a una lesión infecciosa...
June 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Gabriela Cristofoli Barni, Gabriele Carra Forte, Luis Felipe Forgiarini, Claudine Lacerda de Oliveira Abrahão, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients attending an adult cystic fibrosis (CF) program and to investigate the associations of malnutrition with the clinical characteristics of those patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving patients with clinically stable CF patients (16 years of age or older). The patients underwent clinical assessment, nutritional assessments, pulmonary function tests, and pancreatic function assessment...
September 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Betina Scheeren, Erissandra Gomes, Giordano Alves, Edson Marchiori, Bruno Hochhegger
The objective of this systematic review was to characterize chest CT findings in patients with dysphagia and pulmonary aspiration, identifying the characteristics and the methods used. The studies were selected from among those indexed in the Brazilian Virtual Library of Health, LILACS, Indice Bibliográfico Español de Ciencias de la Salud, Medline, Cochrane Library, SciELO, and PubMed databases. The search was carried out between June and July of 2016. Five articles were included and reviewed, all of them carried out in the last five years, published in English, and coming from different countries...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Paula Silva Gomes, Christina Shiang, Gilberto Szarf, Ester Nei Aparecida Martins Coletta, Carlos Alberto de Castro Pereira
Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare lung disease. It can be idiopathic or associated with any one of various conditions. To our knowledge, this is the first report of two cases of PPFE in Brazil. Our first patient presented with pleural and subpleural fibrosis in the upper lobes; a spiculated nodule in the left upper lobe; and a mild reticular pattern in the lower lobes. Surgical lung biopsy revealed PPFE in the upper lobes, including the nodule, and unclassified interstitial pneumonia in the left lower lobe...
January 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Jesús Membrila-Mondragón, Aidé Tamara Staines-Boone, Luz María Sánchez-Sánchez, María Dolores Ruiz-Pedraza
INTRODUCTION: Primary immunodeficiencies comprise diseases that impair the immune system. Clinical manifestations are characterized by recurrent respiratory infections, which may be complicated by bronchiectasis, peribronchial thickening, abscesses, bullae, and pulmonary fibrosis. The aim of this study was to determine pulmonary complications in pediatric primary immunodeficiency by type. RESULTS. We included 65 patients, 28 patients with humoral immunodeficiency, four with cellular immunodeficiency, 13 with well-defined syndromes, and 20 with phagocytic defects...
March 2015: Gaceta Médica de México
Carmen Navarro
Pulmonary involvement in systemic sclerosis. Alveolitis, fibrosis and pulmonar arterial hypertension Lung disease is present in most of the patients with systemic sclerosis and is now the most important cause of mortality. Interstitial lung disease and pulmonary hypertension are, so far, the main disorders found and both are difficult to detect at the earliest stages. However, diagnostic tools such as immunological test, lung function test, high resolution CT, bronchoalveolar lavage, echocardiography, right-side cardiac catheterization, or lung biopsy are necessary to accurately evaluate the clinical status and allow to improve the management organ-specific ad hoc...
November 2006: Reumatología Clinica
António Morais, M Conceição Souto Moura, M Rosa Cruz, Isabel Gomes
Nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis (NSIP) initially described by Katzenstein and Fiorelli in 1994, seems to be a distinct clinicopathologic entity among idiopathic interstitial pneumonitis (IIP). Besides different histologic features from other IIP, NSIP is characterized by a better long-term outcome, associated with a better steroids responsiveness than idiopathic pulmonar fibrosis (IPF), where usually were included. Thus, differentiating NSIP from other IIP, namely IPF is very significant, since it has important therapeutic and prognostic implications...
July 2004: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
L A Heffes Nahmod, J Ortiz, J L Cervetto, E Guastavino, A Boffi
Five patients with CF (cystic fibrosis) dead between 1974 to 1982 at ages ranging from one to six months are presented. All of them showed edema, hypoalbuminemia and anemia in a severely compromised clinical situation, and failure to gain weight in spite of being breast-fed in the first weeks of life, in four of them. All of them were second or third degree malnourished babies (Gomez classification) at admission. Five children presented edema, two severe, two moderate and one mild. Hematocrit values ranged from 19% to 39% (means 26...
January 1984: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
B Kringsholm, P Christoffersen
Lung and heart sections from 33 drug addicts submitted for medico-legal autopsy at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Copenhagen were studied together with tissue sections from 20 'normal' persons. In the drug addict cases focal bleedings in lung tissue were found in 94%, signs of earlier bleedings, haemosiderin containing histiocytes, were seen in 91%, and focal fibrosis in 46%. The bleeding episodes may be due to hypoxia in connection with heroin intake. In 94% of the drug addicts birefringent material in lung tissue was demonstrated, in 58% in granulomas and giant cells, in 27% in giant cells only and in 9% in isolated histiocytes...
May 1987: Forensic Science International
J Turiaf, C J Johns, A S Terstein, S Tsuji, K Wurm
Stage I: Hilar Adenopathy With normal lung function observe, as it often resolves. With reduced lung function observe for 6-12 months. Treat if there is progression or persistence. With erythema nodosum use mild anti-inflammatory agents such as salicylates or like drugs. Stage II: Adenopathy + Pulmonar Infiltrates With normal or slightly reduced lung function observe; treat if it worsens. Treat if there is no remission in 6-12 months. With reduced lung function treat, possibly for many years or a lifetime. Stage III: Pulmonary Infiltrates +/- Fibrosis Without Adenopathy There is reduced lung function...
1976: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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