keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

History of neurology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353242/sickle-cell-crisis-a-crisis-of-a-different-sort
#1
Gurinder Kumar, Ayesha Ateeq Al Muwaijei, Aman Preet Singh Sohal
: A 9-year-old boy with sickle cell disease (SCD) was presented to the emergency department with acute headache and swelling over his bilateral temporoparietal region. There was no history of antecedent trauma, fever, vomiting or other features of an intercurrent illness. On arrival, his blood pressure was 112/62 mm Hg, heart rate was 98/min and his Glasgow Coma Scale score was 15/15. There was evidence of significant scalp tenderness over the bilateral temporoparietal region. A complete neurological examination including direct and consensual pupillary response was unremarkable...
January 20, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352650/cryptococcus-gattii-genotype-vgiia-infection-imported-from-vancouver-island-to-japan
#2
Tsuyoshi Kitaura, Masamichi Takahashi, Takashi Umeyama, Nozomi Takeshita, Yuichi Katanami, Saho Takaya, Kei Yamamoto, Satoshi Kutsuna, Kayoko Hayakawa, Yasuyuki Kato, Takahiro Yamauchi, Yoshitaka Narita, Yoshitsugu Miyazaki, Norio Ohmagari
A 71-year-old Japanese man with travel history to the Vancouver Island, Canada was diagnosed the pulmonary and central nervous system infections caused by Cryptococcus gattii genotype VGIIa. This is the first imported case of Cryptococcus gattii genotype VGIIa infection from endemic area of North America to Japan. He was recovery with no residual neurological dysfunction by early resection of brain mass and antifungal therapy. Early surgical resection of cerebellar cryptococcoma may shorten the length of induction therapy with antifungal drugs...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351935/an-adult-case-with-shigellosis-associated-encephalopathy
#3
Heleen Joséphine Schuster, Michelle Gompelman, Wim Ang, Albertus Jozef Kooter
A 45-year-old man was presented at the emergency department with altered neurological status and a 1-day history of diarrhoea and fever. The patient's sexual history revealed multiple male partners. As bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis was suspected, treatment was started accordingly. Cerebrospinal fluid investigations only showed a slight increase of leucocytes, and microbiological studies remained negative. Stool culture revealed Shigella flexneri, after which Shigella-associated encephalopathy was suspected...
January 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349556/neuropathology-correlates-of-cognitive-assessments
#4
Francesca M Brett, Hugh Kearney
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease and other dementias are the fourth largest contributors to neurological disability and the second largest contributor to deaths from neurological disease. Described in the 1980s as 'the silent epidemic' these disorders principally, though not exclusively, affect persons 80 years or older, and in developed countries, this 'old old' population continues to grow. Definitive diagnosis of the underlying cause of the neurodegenerative disease relies on neuropathological evaluation...
January 18, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347913/an-unusual-case-of-infective-pneumocephalus-case-report-of-pneumocephalus-exacerbated-by-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#5
Abdus Samad Ansari, Brittany B Dennis, Dilip Shah, Winfred Baah
BACKGROUND: Pneumocephalus, illustrated by air in the cranial vault is relatively infrequent and generally associated with neurosurgery, trauma, meningitis and barotrauma. However cases of spontaneous non-traumatic pneumocephalus remain rare. While the relationship between continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and atraumatic pneumocephalus has been previously reported, to our knowledge the rare presentation associated with sinus wall osteomyelitis has never been described. We summarize here the case of a 67-year-old woman's acute presentation of Streptococcus salvarius infection after a sudden drop in her consciousness...
January 18, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345622/position-paper-on-nasal-obstruction-evaluation-and-treatment
#6
REVIEW
A Valero, A M Navarro, A Del Cuvillo, I Alobid, J R Benito, C Colás, G de Los Santos, R Fernández Liesa, A García-Lliberós, R González-Pérez, A Izquierdo-Domínguez, A Jurado-Ramos, M M Lluch-Bernal, J R Montserrat Gili, J Mullol, A Puiggròs Casas, M C Sánchez-Hernández, F Vega, J M Villacampa, M Armengot-Carceller, M T Dordal
Nasal obstruction (NO) is defined as the subjective perception of discomfort or difficulty in the passage of air through the nostrils. It is a common reason for consultation in primary and specialized care, and it may affect up to 30-40% of the population. It affects the quality of life (it especially disturbs sleep) and lowers work efficiency. The aim of this document is to agree on how to treat NO, establish a methodology for evaluating and diagnosing it, and define an individualized approach to its treatment...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341941/cauda-equina-syndrome-due-to-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-review-of-literature
#7
Stylianos Kapetanakis, Constantinos Chaniotakis, Constantinos Kazakos, Jannis V Papathanasiou
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare neurologic condition that is caused by compression of the cauda equina. Cauda equina consists of spinal nerves L2-L5, S1-S5 and the coccygeal nerve. The compression of these nerve roots can be caused mainly by lumbar disc herniation (45% of all causes). The diagnosis consists of two critical points: a) detailed history and physical examination and b) MRI or CT. The gold standard of the treatment of this syndrome is the surgical approach in combination with the timing of onset of symptoms...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341411/the-effect-of-recanalization-on-long-term-neurological-outcome-after-cerebral-venous-thrombosis
#8
E Rezoagli, I Martinelli, D Poli, U Scoditti, S M Passamonti, P Bucciarelli, W Ageno, F Dentali
BACKGROUND: Studies with limited sample size and with discordant results described the recanalization time course of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT). The neurological outcome after a first episode of CVT is good, but the role of recanalization on the neurological dependency is still debated. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to assess the recanalization rate after cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) and its prognostic role on long-term neurological outcome. PATIENTS/METHODS: In a retrospective observational multicentre cohort study, patients with an acute first episode of CVT with at least one available imaging test during follow-up were enrolled...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339224/emerging-souvenirs-clinical-presentation-of-the-returning-traveller-with-imported-arbovirus-infections-in-europe
#9
Isabella Eckerle, Violeta Briciu, Onder Ergonul, Mihaela Lupse, Anna Papa, Amanda Radulescu, Sotirios Tsiodras, Christine Tsitou, Christian Drosten, Véronique Nussenblatt, Chantal Reusken, Louise Sigfrid, Nick J Beeching
BACKGROUND: Arboviruses are an emerging group of viruses that are causing increasing health concerns globally, including in Europe. Clinical presentation usually consists of a non-specific febrile illness that may be accompanied by rash, arthralgia and arthritis and/or with neurological or haemorrhagic syndromes. The range of differential diagnoses of other infectious and non-infectious aetiologies is broad, presenting a challenge for physicians. While knowledge of the geographic distribution of pathogens and the current epidemiological situation, incubation periods, exposure risk factors and vaccination history can help guide the diagnostic approach, the non-specific and variable clinical presentation can delay final diagnosis...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337127/-epidemiology-of-emergency-consultations-for-acute-urine-retention
#10
J Gas, A Liaigre-Ramos, J B Beauval, M Roumiguié, V Tostivint, P-M Patard, E Huyghe, M Soulié, S Charpentier, X Gamé
INTRODUCTION: Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a common reason for emergency consultation. It may be spontaneous or precipitated and affects both men and women. The purpose of this study was to determine the profile of men visiting emergency departments for an AUR. MATERIEL AND METHODS: A retrospective monocentric study including all men who consulted the emergency department between January 2014 and December 2016 for AUR was conducted. RESULTS: In 3 years, 731 patients were admitted for AUR (611 men and 120 women)...
January 11, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335689/psoriasis-a-review-of-systemic-comorbidities-and-dental-management-considerations
#11
John K Brooks
OBJECTIVE: There is a growing body of evidence to substantiate that cutaneous psoriasis is associated with an increased risk for a multitude of systemic disorders. Although there is an extensive array of medical publications regarding psoriasis, the dental literature has almost exclusively been focused on erythema migrans and occasionally, with oral psoriatic mucositis, chronic periodontitis, and psoriatic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint. This report will review the diversity of systemic comorbidities, namely cardiovascular, neurologic, renal, liver, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, endocrine, ocular, arthritic (including temporomandibular joint), nail, cutaneous, and psychologic (including suicide) disorders; neoplasia; infection; dyslipidemia; vitamin D deficiency; substance abuse; higher mortality; and oral mucosal involvement...
January 15, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334856/stroke-after-minor-head-trauma-in-infants-and-young-children-with-basal-ganglia-calcification-a-lenticulostriate-vasculopathy
#12
Jatinder Singh Goraya, Shivankshi Berry, Kavita Saggar, Archana Ahluwalia
The authors retrospectively reviewed charts of the children with basal ganglia stroke who either had preceding minor head injury or showed basal ganglia calcification on computed tomography (CT) scan. Twenty children, 14 boys and 6 girls were identified. Eighteen were aged between 7 months to 17 months. Presentation was with hemiparesis in 17 and seizures in 3. Preceding minor head trauma was noted in 18. Family history was positive in 1 case. Bilateral basal ganglia calcification on CT scan was noted in 18...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334854/the-association-between-premorbid-conditions-in-school-aged-children-with-prolonged-concussion-recovery
#13
Réjean M Guerriero, Karameh Kuemmerle, Michael J Pepin, Alex M Taylor, Robert Wolff, William P Meehan
The association between preexisting anxiety, depression, and/or neurodevelopmental disorders and symptom duration among younger children who sustain concussions is not well known. The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of 569 patients presenting to a pediatric neurology clinic with the diagnosis of concussion. The authors measured associations between symptom duration and premorbid conditions, as well as gender, age, mechanism of injury, and other factors. Premorbid conditions were common in both age groups...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334749/-unusual-history-of-wilson-disease-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
František Nehaj, Marianna Kubašková, Michal Mokáň, Juraj Sokol, Vladimír Nosáľ, Kamil Zeleňák, Marián Mokáň
Wilson disease (WD) belongs to autosomal recessive genetic metabolic disorders with gene mutation ATP7B located on 13th chromosome. The enzyme ATPase plays an important role in WD. It facilitates excretion of copper into bile. This gene is responsible for modification of apoceruloplasmin. In this disease, it leads to insufficient release of copper from organism and accumulation of copper in organs such as liver, brain which can cause dysfunction of a certain organ. According to specific symptoms, we can divide WD into psychiatric, neurologic or hepatic form...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333031/a-case-of-multifocal-eosinophilic-granuloma-involving-spine-and-pelvis-in-a-young-adult-a-radiopathological-correlation
#15
Santosh Rai, H B Sridevi, Radha R Pai, Pulastya Sanyal
We present a case of multiple osteolytic lesions in a 28-year-old adult who presented with headache, back pain, and hip pain of 6 months. There was no history of localized swelling or rise of temperature, no history of weight loss or evening rise of temperature. On examination, there were no focal neurological deficits. Routine laboratory investigations, including total leukocyte counts, differential leukocyte counts, hemoglobin, and platelet counts, were within normal limits. There was a borderline elevation of erythrocyte sedimentation rate...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332008/leg-stereotypy-syndrome-phenomenology-and-prevalence
#16
Mitesh Lotia, Michele K York, Adriana M Strutt, Joseph Jankovic
OBJECTIVES: To describe the phenomenology and prevalence of leg stereotypy syndrome (LSS), characterised chiefly by repetitive, rhythmical, stereotypic leg movement, especially when sitting. METHODS: We sought to characterise LSS in two groups of subjects: (1) general population (GP) group, defined as individuals accompanying patients during their visits to Baylor College of Medicine Parkinson's Disease Center and Movement Disorders Clinic who are not genetically related to the patients; and (2) movement disorders (MD) group, composed of consecutive patients with diagnoses of restless legs syndrome, Parkinson's disease, Tourette syndrome and tardive dyskinesia...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331207/cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-related-inflammation-a-case-report-presenting-diagnostic-difficulties
#17
Cecylia Rajczewska-Oleszkiewicz, Agnieszka Cyganek, Anna Stadnik, Dorota Dziewulska
We describe an 86-year-old woman with a history of hypertension who presented sudden disturbances of consciousness and left hemiparesis. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed diffused hyperintensive changes on T2-weighted images localized subcortically in the white matter of both cerebral hemispheres, corresponding to acute vasogenic edema, causing moderate mass effect. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome was initially diagnosed. After implementation of anti-edema intravenous steroid treatment and hypotensive therapy the symptoms began to retire, till the total regression...
January 6, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329528/transmission-of-measles-among-healthcare-workers-in-hospital-w-xinjiang-autonomous-region-china-2016
#18
Haimei Jia, Chao Ma, Mengting Lu, Jianping Fu, Lance E Rodewald, Qiru Su, Huaqin Wang, Lixin Hao
BACKGROUND: As China approaches the elimination of measles, outbreaks of measles continue to occur. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are known to be at high risk of infection and transmission of measles virus. A measles outbreak occurred in a hospital in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. We report an investigation of this outbreak and its implications for measles elimination and outbreak preparedness. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective search for measles cases using hospital records...
January 12, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327224/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-headache-in-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-experience-from-a-tertiary-epilepsy-center
#19
Metin Dedei Daryan, Betül Tekin Güveli, Sezin Alpaydın Baslo, Kasım Mulhan, Hüseyin Sarı, Zeynep Ezgi Balçık, Dilek Ataklı
The comorbidity of headache and epilepsy is often seen in neurological practice. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, types of, and risk factors for headache in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). We assessed a total of 200 patients and 100 healthy controls in our study. Headache was classified in participants using a self-administered questionnaire. Demographical, clinical features and headache characteristics were recorded. Seizure and headache temporal profiles were noted. Headache was present in 111 (56%) patients and 50 (50%) healthy participants...
January 11, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326877/natural-history-of-morquio-a-patient-with-tracheal-obstruction-from-birth-to-death
#20
Caitlin Doherty, Lauren W Averill, Mary Theroux, William G Mackenzie, Christian Pizarro, Robert W Mason, Shunji Tomatsu
Morquio A syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis IVA, MPS IVA) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase, resulting in systemic accumulation of the partially degraded glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), keratan sulfate and chondroitin-6-sulfate. The accumulation of these GAGs leads to distinguishing features as skeletal dysplasia with disproportionate dwarfism, short neck, kyphoscoliosis, pectus carinatum, tracheal obstruction, coxa valga, genu valgum, and joint laxity...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
keyword
keyword
62502
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"