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Infecious diseases

J K Tumwine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: African Health Sciences
L M Skivka, V V Pozur
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a group of transmembrane receptors which play a key role in both innate and adaptive immune responses. The specific exogenous ligands of TLRs are pathogen-associated molecular patterns such as peptidoglycan, flagellin, teichoic acid, CPG-containing DNA, and others. Stimulation of TLRs induces synthesis and secretion of cytokines, upregulation of co-stimulatory molecules and functional maturation of antigen-presenting cells and leads to the development of both protective and damaging adaptive immune reactions...
May 2008: Ukraïnsʹkyĭ Biokhimichnyĭ Z︠h︡urnal
(no author information available yet)
Lyme disease is currently the most frequently reported vector-borne illness in the United States, accounting for more than 95% of such cases. The purpose of this report is to provide recommendations for preventing Lyme disease, including the use of Lyme disease vaccine. Individuals can reduce their risk of Lyme disease by avoiding tick-infested habitats when in endemic areas. If exposure to tick-infested habitats cannot be avoided, individuals may reduce their risk of infection by using repellents, wearing protective clothing, and regularly checking for and removing attached ticks...
January 2000: Pediatrics
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