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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332185/handedness-and-the-risk-of-glioma
#1
Briana Miller, Noah C Peeri, Louis Burt Nabors, Jordan H Creed, Zachary J Thompson, Carrie M Rozmeski, Renato V LaRocca, Sajeel Chowdhary, Jeffrey J Olson, Reid C Thompson, Kathleen M Egan
Gliomas are the most common type of malignant primary brain tumor and few risk factors have been linked to their development. Handedness has been associated with several pathologic neurological conditions such as schizophrenia, autism, and epilepsy, but few studies have evaluated a connection between handedness and risk of glioma. In this study, we examined the relationship between handedness and glioma risk in a large case-control study (1849 glioma cases and 1354 healthy controls) and a prospective cohort study (326,475 subjects with 375 incident gliomas)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331746/canadian-neurosurgery-educators-views-on-stereotactic-radiosurgery-in-residency-training
#2
Nardin Samuel, Justine Philteos, Naif M Alotaibi, Christopher Ahuja, Alireza Mansouri, Abhaya V Kulkarni
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increasing prominence of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in treating intracranial and spinal pathologies, there is currently a dearth of exposure to this modality in neurosurgical residency. To address this gap, the aim of this study is to assess neurosurgery educators' views regarding the current state of SRS exposure, and to identify potential approaches to improve residency education in this domain. METHODS: Qualitative thematic analysis and constructivist grounded theory methodology were employed...
January 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331694/distinctive-use-of-newer-and-older-antidepressants-in-major-geographical-areas-a-nationally-representative-register-based-study
#3
Jaana I Halonen, Aki Koskinen, Anne Kouvonen, Pekka Varje, Sami Pirkola, Ari Väänänen
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether newer, mainly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and older tricyclic antidepressants are used similarly regardless of the geographical area of residence and education. METHODS: We included four randomly sampled cohorts of the Finnish working aged population (n = 998,540-1,033,135). The sampling (Dec 31st in 1995, 2000, 2004 and 2010) resulted in non-overlapping time windows where each participant was followed up for four years for the first antidepressant use...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330861/validity-evidence-as-a-key-marker-of-quality-of-technical-skill-assessment-in-otl-hns
#4
Mathilde Labbé, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Quality monitoring of assessment practices should be a priority in all residency programs. Validity evidence is one of the main hallmarks of assessment quality and should be collected to support the interpretation and use of assessment data. Our objective was to identify, synthesize, and present the validity evidence reported supporting different technical skill assessment tools in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OTL-HNS). METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data generated through a systematic review of all published tools for assessing technical skills in OTL-HNS (n = 16)...
January 13, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330199/association-between-community-socioeconomic-characteristics-and-access-to-youth-flag-football
#5
Emily Kroshus, Aly J Sonnen, Sara Pd Chrisman, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that opportunities for non-tackling American football (e.g., flag football) be expanded, given concerns about the risks of brain trauma from tackle football. This study tested the hypothesis that flag football would be more accessible in communities characterised by higher socioeconomic status residents. METHODS: In July 2017, the locations of community-based organisations offering youth flag and tackle football for youth between the ages of 6 and 13 in two US states (Georgia and Washington) were aggregated (n=440)...
January 12, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330002/choosing-a-healthy-and-sustainable-diet-a-three-level-approach-for-understanding-the-drivers-of-the-italians-dietary-regime-over-time
#6
Ilaria Benedetti, Tiziana Laureti, Luca Secondi
Dietary patterns play key roles in health promotion and in preserving the environment. A growing number of studies show the importance of individual factors on food consumption choices, such as socio-economic status, lifestyle variables and contextual and social factors that characterize the geographical area in which individuals reside. The Mediterranean Diet is a sustainable diet that respects the environment, thus reducing per capita emissions from food production in respect to less sustainable diet. The aim of this paper is to determine the Italians' prevailing food patterns using a composite indicator and to identify which factors determine a higher adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Italy...
January 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329329/prevalence-risk-factors-and-molecular-evaluation-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-resident-in-the-northern-shores-of-persian-gulf-iran
#7
Fatemeh Farshadpour, Reza Taherkhani, Mohamad Reza Ravanbod, Seyed Sajjad Eghbali, Sakineh Taherkhani, Easa Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: Although Iran is reported to be an endemic country for hepatitis E virus (HEV), data on the prevalence of HEV infection among pregnant women are scarce and the epidemiology of HEV is unknown in most parts of the country. Therefore, this study was conducted to elucidate the prevalence, risk factors and genotypic pattern of HEV infection among pregnant women resident in the northern shores of Persian Gulf. This is the first report on the epidemiology of HEV infection among pregnant women in this territory...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328959/impact-of-individual-and-neighborhood-factors-on-disparities-in-prostate-cancer-survival
#8
Mindy C DeRouen, Clayton W Schupp, Jocelyn Koo, Juan Yang, Andrew Hertz, Salma Shariff-Marco, Myles Cockburn, David O Nelson, Sue A Ingles, Esther M John, Scarlett L Gomez
BACKGROUND: We addressed the hypothesis that individual-level factors act jointly with social and built environment factors to influence overall survival for men with prostate cancer and contribute to racial/ethnic and socioeconomic (SES) survival disparities. METHODS: We analyzed multi-level data, combining (1) individual-level data from the California Collaborative Prostate Cancer Study, a population-based study of non-Hispanic White (NHW), Hispanic, and African American prostate cancer cases (N = 1800) diagnosed from 1997 to 2003, with (2) data on neighborhood SES (nSES) and social and built environment factors from the California Neighborhoods Data System, and (3) data on tumor characteristics, treatment and follow-up through 2009 from the California Cancer Registry...
January 9, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328018/-a-day-in-the-life-of-a-medical-resident-on-the-ward
#9
A R Schuurman, S A Bos, K de Wit, R de Graaf, W J Wiersinga
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how internal medicine residents allocate their time during a hospital dayshift on the wards. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study (time and motion study). METHODS: Data were collected from 36 internal medicine residents working at the Internal Medicine Department of the Academic Medical Centre in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Trained observers monitored 22 residents using a newly developed smartphone-application, registering their dayshift activities (meetings and education, direct patient contact, administrative tasks, lunch/break, other) and location (workstation, conference room, ward and patient rooms, other)...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327983/serving-community-faculty-through-a-dedicated-liaison
#10
Katie L Jefferson, Mary Shultz, April Heiselt
Community-based medical schools rely heavily on volunteer faculty to provide medical education. Volunteer faculty consist of health care professionals, primarily physicians, who commit to educating medical students and residents. While these volunteer faculty are typically unpaid, many medical schools provide some benefits to them for volunteering their time. One such benefit, although rarely noted in library or medical education literature, is access to academic medical library resources and services. This article highlights a library services liaison model dedicated to the support of volunteer faculty at a community-based medical school...
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327294/low-risk-for-hip-fracture-and-high-risk-for-hip-arthroplasty-due-to-osteoarthritis-among-swedish-farmers
#11
H Johansson, C Hongslo Vala, A Odén, M Lorentzon, E McCloskey, J A Kanis, N C Harvey, C Ohlsson, L Stefan Lohmander, J Kärrholm, D Mellström
We aimed to study the risk of hip fracture and risk of hip arthroplasty among farmers in Sweden. Our results indicate that farming, representing an occupation with high physical activity, in men is associated with a lower risk of hip fracture but an increased risk of hip arthroplasty. INTRODUCTION: The risks of hip fracture and hip arthroplasty are influenced by factors including socioeconomic status, education, urbanization, latitude of residence, and physical activity. Farming is an occupation encompassing rural living and high level of physical activity...
January 12, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326848/the-knowledge-of-eye-physicians-on-local-anesthetic-toxicity-and-intravenous-lipid-treatment-questionnaire-study
#12
Aykut Urfalıoğlu, Selma Urfalıoğlu, Gözen Öksüz
Objectives: To evaluate the knowledge of ophthalmologists regarding local anesthesia toxicity syndrome (LATS) and intravenous lipid emulsion used in treatment, and to raise awareness of this issue. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire comprising 14 questions about demographics, local anesthesia (LA) use, toxicity, and treatment methods was administered to ophthalmologists at different hospitals. Results: The study included 104 ophthalmologists (25% residents, 67...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325776/prevalence-of-prediabetes-and-diabetes-mellitus-among-adults-residing-in-cameroon-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Jean Joel Bigna, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Jean-Claude Katte, Jean Jacques Noubiap
AIMS: To summarize current data on the prevalence of prediabetes and diabetes mellitus in Cameroon. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional studies published between January 1, 2000 and April 30, 2017 including apparently healthy adults residing in Cameroon were searched in PubMed, EMBASE, African Journals Online, and African Index Medicus. We used a random-effects model to pool data. RESULTS: All included studies had a low risk of bias...
January 8, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325763/clinical-experience-with-three-dimensional-printing-techniques-in-orthopedic-trauma
#14
Ji Wan Kim, Yongkoo Lee, Joonho Seo, Jai Hyung Park, Yong Min Seo, Sung Soo Kim, Hyun Chul Shon
BACKGROUND: To report our experiences with the use of three-dimensional (3D) printing in the field of orthopedic trauma. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 24 patients from three university teaching hospitals in whom 3D printing technique was applied: 14 patients with acetabular fractures and 10 patients with clavicular shaft fractures. We summarized our experiences with 3D printed bone models. RESULTS: Three-dimensional printed acetabular models improved understanding of complex acetabular anatomy and fracture pattern to plan the optimal positioning of a reduction clamp and the trajectory of screws...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325541/interprofessional-collaboration-in-nursing-homes-interprof-development-and-piloting-of-measures-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-communication-a-qualitative-multicentre-study
#15
Christiane A Müller, Nina Fleischmann, Christoph Cavazzini, Susanne Heim, Svenja Seide, Christina Geister, Britta Tetzlaff, Andreas Hoell, Jochen Werle, Siegfried Weyerer, Martin Scherer, Eva Hummers
BACKGROUND: Given both the increase of nursing home residents forecast and challenges of current interprofessional interactions, we developed and tested measures to improve collaboration and communication between nurses and general practitioners (GPs) in this setting. Our multicentre study has been funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (FK 01GY1124). METHODS: The measures were developed iteratively in a continuous process, which is the focus of this article...
January 11, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325266/-analysis-of-649-cases-of-stillbirth-in-third-trimester
#16
M N Hu, Y Zhang, W Zhao
Objective: To analyze the risk factors of stillbirth in third trimester. Methods: Clinical data of 649 cases of stillbirth in third trimester were analyzed retrospectively in 22 hospitals of Haidian district from October 2011 to September 2016, including the incidence, the maternal profile, the perinatal care during pregnancy and the causes of stillbirth. Results: (1) The incidence of stillbirth in third trimester in Haidian district from October 2011 to September 2016 was 0.293%(649/221 845). While the incidence in floating pregnant women (0...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324430/a-prospective-multicenter-study-to-compare-a-disposable-high-fluid-capacity-underpad-to-nonpermeable-disposable-reusable-containment-products-on-incontinence-associated-dermatitis-rates-among-skilled-nursing-facility-residents
#17
Glenda Motta, Catherine T Milne
Due to the high prevalence of incontinence among skilled nursing facility (SNF) residents, incontinence-associated derma- titis (IAD) is a common occurrence. In addition, facility staff may mistakenly identify IAD as a pressure injury. A prospective, descriptive, multicenter study was conducted in 3 Connecticut facilities to evaluate the effect of substituting a disposable, high- uid capacity underpad for nonpermeable disposable and reusable containment products on the rate of IADs. Residents with and without IAD but with high IAD risk scores who were bed- or chairbound or ambulatory and used disposable nonpermeable briefs and underpads or reusable, laundered containment products when in bed longer than 2 hours were randomly enrolled and observed for a 4-week period...
December 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324087/spousal-age-differences-and-violence-against-women-in-nigeria-and-tanzania
#18
Chibuogwu Izugbara
Much research has been conducted on the extent of violence against women (VAW) and the underlying risk factors associated with VAW. Unfortunately, research into the implications of spousal age-related factors for VAW remains underexplored. This study explored the implications of spousal age gaps for VAW in Tanzania and Nigeria. Data from the 2008 Nigeria (n = 33,385) and 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) (n = 10,139) for women aged 15-49 years were used. We used univariate and multivariate statistical analyses to assess the relationship between VAW and spousal age-related contextual factors...
January 11, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322813/opioid-drug-poisonings-in-ohio-adolescents-and-young-adults-2002-2014
#19
Sarah Caupp, Janine Steffan, Junxin Shi, Krista K Wheeler, Henry A Spiller, Marcel J Casavant, Henry Xiang
CONTEXT: Opioids represent a drug class that adolescents and young adults intentionally misuse and abuse. When taken on their own or with other substances in this manner, opioids pose an increased risk of overdose and potential death. OBJECTIVE: To determine trends of opioid drug poisonings among adolescents and young adults in Ohio from 2002 to 2014 using Poison Control Center (PCC) data. METHODS: Data were obtained from Ohio PCCs from 2002 to 2014 for opioid drug poisonings amongst 10-29 year olds...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321123/comparative-analysis-of-women-with-notable-subjective-health-indicators-compared-with-participants-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Christoph Schnelle, Eunice J Minford, Vanessa McHardy, Jane Keep
BACKGROUND: At least six communities with unusually good health and longevity have been identified, but their lifestyles aren't adopted widely. Informal evidence suggests that women associated with Universal Medicine (UM), a complementary medicine health care organization in Eastern Australia and the United Kingdom with normal lifestyles, also have several unusual health indicators. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine how UM participants compared with women in the Australian population at large on a variety of health indicators...
January 10, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
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