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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150533/disparity-between-indications-for-and-utilization-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in-asian-patients-with-heart-failure
#1
Yvonne May Fen Chia, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Eugene S J Tan, Wan Ting Tay, A Mark Richards, Calvin Woon Loong Chin, Wataru Shimizu, Sang Weon Park, Chung-Lieh Hung, Lieng H Ling, Tachapong Ngarmukos, Razali Omar, Bambang B Siswanto, Calambur Narasimhan, Eugene B Reyes, Cheuk-Man Yu, Inder Anand, Michael R MacDonald, Jonathan Yap, Shu Zhang, Eric A Finkelstein, Carolyn S P Lam
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are lifesaving devices for patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction. However, utilization and determinants of ICD insertion in Asia are poorly defined. We determined the utilization, associations of ICD uptake, patient-perceived barriers to device therapy and, impact of ICDs on mortality in Asian patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the prospective ASIAN-HF (Asian Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure) registry, 5276 patients with symptomatic HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) from 11 Asian regions and across 3 income regions (high: Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan; middle: China, Malaysia, and Thailand; and low: India, Indonesia, and Philippines) were studied...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150417/using-facebook-to-recruit-young-australian-men-into-a-cross-sectional-human-papillomavirus-study
#2
Roopa Das, Dorothy A Machalek, Edmund G Molesworth, Suzanne M Garland
BACKGROUND: Young men can be difficult to engage in health research using traditional methods of recruitment. Social networking sites are increasingly being used to recruit participants into health research, due to their cost effectiveness, overall generalizability, and wide reach. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using Facebook to recruit young Australian men into a human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence study. METHODS: We recruited male permanent residents of Australia, aged 18 to 35 years, into the HPV in Young Males (HYM) study through targeted advertising placed on Facebook...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149788/knowledge-of-alzheimer-s-disease-among-vietnamese-americans-and-correlates-of-their-knowledge-about-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Sang E Lee, Banghwa Lee Casado
The present study examined the knowledge of Alzheimer's disease and correlates of the disease knowledge among Vietnamese Americans. Cross-sectional survey interviews were conducted with 95 middle-aged and older Vietnamese Americans. Vietnamese Americans showed limited knowledge about Alzheimer's disease. Normalization of Alzheimer's disease in old age was prevalent. They lacked knowledge about treatment and cure of Alzheimer's disease. Those who reside longer in the U.S. and are more exposed to Alzheimer's disease are likely to have higher levels of Alzheimer's disease knowledge...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149073/micronutrient-deficiencies-among-breastfeeding-infants-in-tanzania
#4
Alexandra L Bellows, Emily R Smith, Alfa Muhihi, Christina Briegleb, Ramadhani A Noor, Salum Mshamu, Christopher Sudfeld, Honorati Masanja, Wafaie W Fawzi
Infant mortality accounts for the majority of child deaths in Tanzania, and malnutrition is an important underlying cause. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to describe the micronutrient status of infants in Tanzania and assess predictors of infant micronutrient deficiency. We analyzed serum vitamin D, vitamin B12, folate, and ferritin levels from 446 infants at two weeks of age, 408 infants at three months of age, and 427 mothers three months post-partum. We used log-Poisson regression to estimate relative risk of being deficient in vitamin D and vitamin B12 for infants in each age group...
November 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148639/institutional-delivery-services-utilization-by-women-of-childbearing-age-in-south-west-showa-zone-oromia-region
#5
Assefa Seme, Abera Seifu
Introduction: Institutional delivery is very low in Ethiopia, particularly in Oromia where less than one-third of antenatal care attendees utilize the services. This study assessed the magnitude of institutional delivery and associated factors in South West Showa Zone of Oromia. Methods: A cross-sectional community based study was conducted in 2010. A stratified cluster sampling technique used to select study districts, villages and households. Four hundred thirty childbearing women with at least one birth in the past 5 years preceding the survey were interviewed...
January 2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147582/assessment-of-weight-management-practices-among-adults-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#6
Amita Attlee, Nour Atmani, Viktor Stromtsov, Fatima Ali, Rim Tikarly, Sarah Ryad, Ghada Salah, Hayder Hasan, Reyad Obaid
With a rise in global incidence of overweight and obesity, the number of patients seeking weight management (WM) advice is likely to increase. Our aim was to explore the prevalence of WM practices and investigate association of WM goals with sociodemographic variables and practices among United Arab Emirates (UAE) adults. An exploratory, cross-sectional research was conducted on 1275 adult males and females, residing in UAE. A structured questionnaire was administered. WM goals to lose/maintain/gain weight were reported in 88...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145897/it-does-matter-where-you-come-from-mothers-experiences-of-childbirth-in-midwife-obstetric-units-tshwane-south-africa
#7
Sarie J Oosthuizen, Anne-Marie Bergh, Robert C Pattinson, Jackie Grimbeek
BACKGROUND: Health professionals are striving to improve respectful care for women, but they fall short in the domains of effective communication, respectful and dignified care and emotional support during labour. This study aimed to determine women's experiences of childbirth with a view to improving respectful clinical care practices in low-risk, midwife-led obstetric units in the Tshwane District Health District, South Africa. METHODS: A survey covering all midwife-led units in the district was conducted among 653 new mothers...
November 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145835/global-health-education-in-united-states-anesthesiology-residency-programs-a-survey-of-resident-opportunities-and-program-director-attitudes
#8
Gunisha Kaur, Sheida Tabaie, Jasmit Brar, Virginia Tangel, Kane O Pryor
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health during postgraduate residency training is increasing across medical specialties, and multiple disciplines have categorized global health training opportunities in their arena. No such cataloging exists for anesthesiology residency programs. The aim of this study was to assess and characterize global health opportunities and the attitudes of program directors (PDs) in U.S. anesthesiology residency programs towards this training. METHODS: A cross-sectional 20-question survey on global health opportunities was distributed to 128 ACGME accredited anesthesiology residency program directors via email between October 2015 and January 2016...
November 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#9
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145549/generational-differences-in-the-5-year-incidence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#10
Karen J Cruickshanks, David M Nondahl, Lauren J Johnson, Dayna S Dalton, Mary E Fisher, Guan-Hua Huang, Barbara E Klein, Ronald Klein, Carla R Schubert
Importance: Whether a reported decline in the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) continued for people born during the Baby Boom years (1946-1964) or later is unknown. These data are important to plan for ocular health care needs in the 21st century. Objectives: To determine whether the 5-year risk for AMD declined by generation and to identify factors that contributed to improvement in risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from the longitudinal cohort Beaver Dam Eye Study (March 1, 1988, through September 15, 1990, and March 1, 1993, through June 15, 1995) and the Beaver Dam Offspring Study (June 8, 2005, through August 4, 2008, and July 12, 2010, through March 21, 2013)...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145136/lead-cadmium-and-arsenic-in-human-milk-and-their-socio-demographic-and-lifestyle-determinants-in-lebanon
#11
Maya Bassil, Farah Daou, Hussein Hassan, Osama Yamani, Joelle Abi Kharma, Zouheir Attieh, Jomana Elaridi
INTRODUCTION: Exposure of newborns to toxic metals is of special interest due to their reported contamination in breast milk and potential harm. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence and factors associated with lead, cadmium and arsenic contamination in breast milk collected from lactating mothers in Lebanon. METHODS: A total of 74 breast milk samples were collected from primaparas according to guidelines set by the World Health Organization. A survey was administered to determine the demographic and anthropometric characteristics of participating lactating mothers...
October 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144847/explaining-the-sexuality-gap-in-protest-participation
#12
Eric Swank
This study investigated the relationship between sexual orientations and the protest actions of adults in the United States. Drawing from General Social Survey data from 1996 to 2004, we found that lesbians, gays, and bisexuals were more than twice as likely to protest as heterosexuals. To account for this sexuality gap, we used Patrick Egan's (2008) political distinctiveness theories to identify possible underlying causes of these protesting differences. After running several regressions, we found that sexuality and protesting relationships were moderated by issues of educational attainment, marital statuses, metropolitan residencies, political partisanships, governmental grievances, and gender role expectations...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144023/resident-versus-faculty-member-simulation-debriefing
#13
Traci Adams, Chad Newton, Hetal Patel, Melanie Sulistio, Andrew Tomlinson, Won Lee
BACKGROUND: Near-peer teaching is effective in graduate medical education, but it has not been compared with faculty member teaching in resident simulation. In this study, we sought to compare debriefing sessions of internal medicine (IM) intern simulation sessions led by academic faculty doctors with those led by senior IM residents in order to measure the effectiveness of near-peer teaching in this setting. Near-peer teaching is effective in graduate medical education, but has not been compared with faculty member teaching in resident simulation METHOD: Internal medicine interns participated in four simulation cases, two of which were debriefed by faculty members and two of which were debriefed by residents...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143900/an-innovative-mobile-health-system-to-improve-and-standardize-antenatal-care-among-underserved-communities-a-feasibility-study-in-an-italian-hosting-center-for-asylum-seekers
#14
Lucia Borsari, Giovanna Stancanelli, Laura Guarenti, Teresa Grandi, Serena Leotta, Lucia Barcellini, Paola Borella, Anne Caroline Benski
Innovative migrant-friendly tools are needed to assist health personnel manage the high number of pregnancies within reception centers. This study tests functionality and acceptability of a new mHealth system in providing antenatal care amongst migrants. The study, carried out between 2014 and 2016, involved 150 pregnant women residing in the largest European migrant reception center in Sicily. A ticket tracking system assessed the system's functionality and a questionnaire assessed women's acceptability. The system facilitated the collection of clinical data, enabling the creation of electronic patient records and identifying 10% of pregnancies as high-risk...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143427/effectiveness-of-educational-program-using-printed-educational-material-on-care-burden-distress-among-staff-of-residential-aged-care-facilities-without-medical-specialists-and-or-registered-nurses-cluster-quasi-randomization-study
#15
Koji Fukuda, Seishi Terada, Mamoru Hashimoto, Katsuyuki Ukai, Ryo Kumagai, Mizue Suzuki, Masahiro Nagaya, Mika Yoshida, Hideyuki Hattori, Kenta Murotani, Kenji Toba
AIM: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are an important source of distress for caregivers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of educational intervention using printed educational material for reducing distress induced by behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia among caregivers working at facilities without medical specialists and/or registered nurses. METHODS: A cluster quasi-randomized, controlled comparative trial was carried out at 17 facilities in Japan...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141734/transition-from-education-to-practice-for-new-nursing-graduates-a-literature-review
#16
Bobbi Shatto, Lauren M Lutz
New nurse turnover costs organizations in the United States an estimated $1.4 billion to $2.9 billion per year (Meyer, Shatto, Delicath, & von der Lancken, 2017; Ulrich et al., 2010). Retention of graduate nurses can decrease costs, combat nursing shortages, and improve patient outcomes. Despite the increase in prevalence of nurse residency programs, new nurses are leaving their first positions at alarming rates. The purpose of this literature review is to examine the factors that affect graduate nurse transition to practice...
November 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141675/delayed-initiation-of-antenatal-care-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Gezahegn Tesfaye, Deborah Loxton, Catherine Chojenta, Agumasie Semahegn, Roger Smith
BACKGROUND: Antenatal care uptake is among the key indicators for monitoring the progress of maternal outcomes. Early initiation of antenatal care facilitates the timely management and treatment of pregnancy complications to reduce maternal deaths. In Ethiopia, antenatal care utilization is generally low, and delayed initiation of care is very common. We aimed to systematically identify and synthesize available evidence on delayed initiation of antenatal care and the associated factors in Ethiopia...
November 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141639/tobacco-use-and-health-insurance-literacy-among-vulnerable-populations-implications-for-health-reform
#18
Robert T Braun, Yaniv Hanoch, Andrew J Barnes
BACKGROUND: Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), millions of Americans have been enrolling in the health insurance marketplaces. Nearly 20% of them are tobacco users. As part of the ACA, tobacco users may face up to 50% higher premiums that are not eligible for tax credits. Tobacco users, along with the uninsured and racial/ethnic minorities targeted by ACA coverage expansions, are among those most likely to suffer from low health literacy - a key ingredient in the ability to understand, compare, choose, and use coverage, referred to as health insurance literacy...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141626/health-related-quality-of-life-of-hiv-aids-patients-on-highly-active-anti-retroviral-therapy-at-a-university-referral-hospital-in-ethiopia
#19
Abdrrahman Shemsu Surur, Fitsum Sebsibe Teni, Wondwessen Wale, Yihenew Ayalew, Betel Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Highly active antiretroviral therapy improves the longevity of patients living with HIV/AIDS. We conducted the study in order to assess health related quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients and the association of socio-demographic and disease related variables with health related quality of life. METHODS: Health facility based cross-sectional study among 400 HIV/AIDS patients taking highly active anti-retroviral therapy from Gondar University referral hospital was conducted...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141612/individual-level-and-community-level-determinants-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-kenyan-women-a-multilevel-analysis-of-a-nationwide-survey
#20
Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Ying-Chih Chuang
BACKGROUND: Studies on the determinants of cervical cancer screening in sub-Saharan Africa have focused mostly on individual-level characteristics of cervical cancer screening. Therefore, in this study, we included both individual- and community-level indicators to examine the determinants of cervical cancer screening among Kenyan women. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys. Our analysis focused on 9016 married women of reproductive age (15-49 years)...
November 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
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