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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776902/an-internet-based-radiology-course-in-medical-school-comparison-of-academic-performance-of-students-on-campus-versus-those-with-absenteeism-due-to-residency-interviews
#1
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776774/association-of-disrupted-circadian-rhythmicity-with-mood-disorders-subjective-wellbeing-and-cognitive-function-a-cross-sectional-study-of-91-105-participants-from-the-uk-biobank
#2
Laura M Lyall, Cathy A Wyse, Nicholas Graham, Amy Ferguson, Donald M Lyall, Breda Cullen, Carlos A Celis Morales, Stephany M Biello, Daniel Mackay, Joey Ward, Rona J Strawbridge, Jason M R Gill, Mark E S Bailey, Jill P Pell, Daniel J Smith
BACKGROUND: Disruption of sleep and circadian rhythmicity is a core feature of mood disorders and might be associated with increased susceptibility to such disorders. Previous studies in this area have used subjective reports of activity and sleep patterns, but the availability of accelerometer-based data from UK Biobank participants permits the derivation and analysis of new, objectively ascertained circadian rhythmicity parameters. We examined associations between objectively assessed circadian rhythmicity and mental health and wellbeing phenotypes, including lifetime history of mood disorder...
May 15, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776447/factors-associated-with-glycemic-control-among-diabetic-adult-out-patients-in-northeast-ethiopia
#3
Temesgen Fiseha, Ermiyas Alemayehu, Wongelawit Kassahun, Aderaw Adamu, Angesom Gebreweld
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the status of glycemic control and identify factors associated with poor glycemic control among diabetic out-patients. RESULTS: A hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected 384 (126 type 1 and 258 type 2) diabetic adults attending a hospital in Northeast Ethiopia from January 1 to April 30, 2017. Of the total participants, 70.8% had poor status of glycemic control (defined as mean fasting blood glucose level above 130 mg/dl)...
May 18, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775638/dermatology-education-in-internal-medicine-residency-programs-a-nationwide-survey-of-program-directors
#4
Connie R Shi, Joel T Katz, Ruth Ann Vleugels, Vinod E Nambudiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774485/educational-impact-of-trainee-facilitated-head-and-neck-radiology-pathology-correlation-conferences
#5
Daniel Thomas Ginat, Nicole A Cipriani, Gregory Christoforidis
The goal of this study was to evaluate the benefits of resident and fellow-facilitated radiology-pathology head and neck conferences. A total of seven resident-facilitated and six fellow-facilitated head and neck radiology-pathology cases were presented as part of the radiology department conference series. The radiology residents were surveyed regarding the perceived quality and effectiveness of the fellow-facilitated sessions. The number of publications yielded from all the cases presented was tracked. Overall, the residents assessed the quality of the fellow-facilitated conferences with an average score of 3...
May 17, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774369/-effectiveness-of-active-health-promotion-in-old-age-results-regarding-compression-of-morbidity-by-target-groups-in-13-8-years-of-observation-in-lucas
#6
REVIEW
Ulrike Dapp, Christoph Minder, Lilli Neumann, Stefan Golgert, Björn Klugmann, Wolfgang von Renteln-Kruse
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Healthy ageing as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) is the development and maintenance of functional competence. Unfavourable ageing is described by the term frailty and is characterised by a decline in functional reserves. The frailty process can be influenced in a positive way. Previous interventions concerned mostly hospital patients and residents of nursing homes. In this study we examined the maintenance of functional competence in an urban community setting...
May 17, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772872/spatial-analysis-for-the-epidemiological-study-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-literature-search
#7
Carlos Mena, Cesar Sepúlveda, Eduardo Fuentes, Yony Ormazábal, Iván Palomo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the primary cause of death and disability in de world, and the detection of populations at risk as well as localization of vulnerable areas is essential for adequate epidemiological management. Techniques developed for spatial analysis, among them geographical information systems and spatial statistics, such as cluster detection and spatial correlation, are useful for the study of the distribution of the CVDs. These techniques, enabling recognition of events at different geographical levels of study (e...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771846/educational-exposure-to-transgender-patient-care-in-otolaryngology-training
#8
Benjamin B Massenburg, Shane D Morrison, Vania Rashidi, Craig Miller, David W Grant, Christopher S Crowe, Nathalia Velasquez, Justin R Shinn, Jacob E Kuperstock, Deepa J Galaiya, Scott R Chaiet, Amit D Bhrany
OBJECTIVE: Gender dysphoria is estimated to occur in over 1 million people in the United States. With decreasing stigma regarding the transgender population, it is likely more patients will seek medical and surgical gender transition as parts of their treatment. However, otolaryngologists may lack training in gender-confirming surgery. This study aims to determine the current state of transgender-related education in the United States otolaryngology training programs and to evaluate trainee perceptions regarding the importance of such training...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771691/the-relationship-between-the-learning-and-patient-safety-climates-of-clinical-departments-and-residents-patient-safety-behaviors
#9
Milou E W M Silkens, Onyebuchi A Arah, Cordula Wagner, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Maas Jan Heineman, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
PURPOSE: Improving residents' patient safety behavior should be a priority in graduate medical education to ensure the safety of current and future patients. Supportive learning and patient safety climates may foster this behavior. This study examined the extent to which residents' self-reported patient safety behavior can be explained by the learning climate and patient safety climate of their clinical departments. METHOD: The authors collected learning climate data from clinical departments in the Netherlands that used the web-based Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test between September 2015 and October 2016...
May 15, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770962/factors-influencing-arab-nursing-students-attitudes-toward-climate-change-and-environmental-sustainability-and-their-inclusion-in-nursing-curricula
#10
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Rhea Faye D Felicilda-Reynaldo, Farhan Alshammari, Nahed Alquwez, Jerico G Alicante, Khamees B Obaid, Hanan Ebrahim Abd El Aziz Rady, Mohammad Qtait, John Paul Ben T Silang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors influencing the attitudes of Bachelor of Science in Nursing students toward climate change and environmental sustainability and the inclusion of these concepts in the nursing curricula of four Arab countries. METHOD: A convenience sample of 1,059 students from four Arab countries was surveyed using the Environmental Sustainability Attitudes in Nursing Survey-2 (SANS-2) questionnaire in this descriptive-comparative study. RESULTS: The majority of the respondents exhibited positive attitudes toward the five items of SANS-2, with "Environmental sustainability is an important issue for nursing" receiving the lowest mean score and "Issues about climate change should be included in the nursing curriculum" receiving the highest mean score...
May 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770670/-final-evaluation-of-control-program-of-key-parasitic-diseases-in-jinhu-county-2006-2015-jiangsu-province
#11
Sun Dao-Kuan, Zhang Cui-Ping
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of the Control Program of Key Parasitic Diseases in Jinhu County from 2006 to 2015, so as to provide the evidence for the future work of prevention and control. METHODS: The historical data about key parasitoses were collected, and the organization management, financial support, capacity building, control effects, and so on were evaluated with the descriptive method. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2015, totally 19 technique educations were conducted, 844...
January 9, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770664/-survey-and-analysis-of-major-human-parasitic-diseases-in-chongqing-city
#12
Li Shan-Shan, Luo Fei, Xie Jun, Yuan Yi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemic of major human parasitic diseases in Chongqing City, so as to provide a reference for developing prevention and control strategies. METHODS: According to the unified methods formulated by the national investigation scheme and stratified cluster random sampling, 36 rural pilots and 50 urban pilots were selected in Chongqing City. The number of the objects investigated in individual pilot was defined over 250. RESULTS: Totally 22 263 residents were detected...
March 2, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770659/-investigation-on-unhealthy-related-behaviors-of-echinococcosis-patients-in-garz%C3%A3%C2%AA-prefecture-sichuan-province
#13
Tian Ke-Qing, Tian Tian, Shi Guo-Qing, Cao Chun-Li, Hao Yu-Wan, Zhu Ze-Lin, Zhou Xiao-Nong
OBJECTIVE: To understand the unhealthy related behaviors of echinococcosis patients in Tibetan region in Sichuan Province, so as to provide the references for the health education of echinococcosis. METHODS: The echinococcosis patients who were registered in the Tibetan region in Sichuan Province were selected as target population. The basic situation and unhealthy related behaviors of them were surveyed by individual interviews. RESULTS: Totally 368 echinococcosis patients were investigated...
April 17, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770649/-challenges-and-strategies-of-health-education-and-health-promotion-in-stage-of-schistosomiasis-elimination
#14
Hu Guang-Han, Xu Jing, Cao Chun-Li, Jin Jia-Ning, Lü Shan, Li Shi-Zhu, Zhou Xiao-Nong
Health education and health promotion are important measures for comprehensive control of schistosomiasis in China, which can improve the compliance rate of residents involved in schistosomiasis control activities, reduce the water contact behavior of the target population, thus avoiding or decreasing the infection of schistosome in endemic areas. In recent years, the comprehensive control of schistosomiasis in China has achieved remarkable results. China has reached the goal of transmission control and is moving toward the transmission interruption or even elimination of schistosomiasis...
April 17, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770460/association-of-sleep-duration-with-sleep-disturbances-quality-of-life-and-sociodemographic-factors-in-general-hospital-outpatients
#15
Wei Zheng, Xin-Ni Luo, Hai-Yan Li, Xiao-Yin Ke, Qing Dai, Chan-Juan Zhang, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang, Yu-Ping Ning
PURPOSE: To examine sleep duration and its demographic and clinical correlates in patients attending outpatient clinics attached to general hospitals. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 4,399 outpatients participated in the study. Sleep duration (short sleep, <7 h/day; long sleep, >8 h/day; and medium sleep, 7-8 h/day) was assessed. FINDINGS: The proportions of short and long sleep duration were 39.5% and 10.3%, respectively. Significant associations between short sleep and any type of sleep disturbances, age, education level, depressive symptoms, and rural residence were found...
May 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769423/prevalence-of-anemia-in-relation-to-socio-economic-factors-in-elderly-polish-population-the-results-of-polsenior-study
#16
A Styszynski, M Mossakowska, J Chudek, M Puzianowska-Kuznicka, A Klich-Raczka, A Neumann-Podczaska, A Szybalska, K Wieczorowska-Tobis
Anemia is an independent risk factor for functional decline and mortality among older adults. Since mild anemia in older people is often under-diagnosed and ignored, its prevalence needs precise determination and recognition of predisposing factors. None of the previous studies based on the data obtained from the representative elderly population identified the influence of socio-economic factors on the prevalence of anemia. PolSenior was a cross-sectional population-based study performed on the nationally representative sample of Polish seniors...
February 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769122/delay-on-first-antenatal-care-visit-and-its-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-public-health-facilities-of-debre-markos-town-north-west-ethiopia
#17
Atsede Alle Ewunetie, Alemtsehay Mekonnen Munea, Belsity Temesgen Meselu, Muluye Molla Simeneh, Bekele Tesfaye Meteku
BACKGROUND: Delay on timely initiation of antenatal care has a great impact on adverse pregnancy out comes. However, evidences in Ethiopia revealed that majority of pregnant mothers did not start their first visit as recommrnded by WHO. The aim of this study was to assess delay and associated factors of first antenatal care visit among pregnant mothers at public health facilities of Debremarkos town, North West Ethiopia. METHODS: An institutional based crosss-sectional study was conducted from February to March, 2014 in public health facilities of Debremarkos town North west Ethiopia...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769045/food-availability-and-food-access-in-rural-agricultural-communities-use-of-mixed-methods
#18
Linda K Ko, Cassandra Enzler, Cynthia K Perry, Edgar Rodriguez, Norma Mariscal, Sandra Linde, Catherine Duggan
BACKGROUND: Hispanics bear some of the highest burden of the obesity epidemic and the disparities gap is bigger among Hispanics in rural communities. This mixed methods study examined the objective and subjective assessment of food availability and food access in four rural, agricultural, and predominantly Hispanic communities. METHODS: In this convergent parallel mixed methods study, we used the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey (NEMS) of Food Stores and Restaurants to objectively assess 57 food stores and 69 restaurants in four rural agricultural communities in Washington State...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768673/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-during-breastfeeding-results-from-the-herbal-supplements-in-breastfeeding-investigation-habit
#19
Alessandra Bettiol, Niccolò Lombardi, Ettore Marconi, Giada Crescioli, Roberto Bonaiuti, Valentina Maggini, Eugenia Gallo, Alessandro Mugelli, Fabio Firenzuoli, Claudia Ravaldi, Alfredo Vannacci
AIMS: Use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) during breastfeeding is commonly increasing, mainly due to their presumed higher safety compared to conventional medications. Indeed, CAMs can cause serious adverse effects, and high-quality evidence supporting their use during lactation is limited. In Italy, specific investigations on the attitude of lactating women towards CAMs are lacking. The Herbal supplements in Breastfeeding InvesTigation (HaBIT) aimed to explore the attitudes and knowledge on CAMs among lactating women...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768616/associating-socioeconomic-position-and-maternal-depression-with-the-health-of-children-an-evaluation-of-the-2008-brazilian-household-survey
#20
Pedro Henrique Soares Leivas, Cesar Augusto Oviedo Tejada, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Anderson Moreira Aristides Dos Santos, Paulo de Andrade Jacinto
The study analyzed the association between socioeconomic position (income), maternal depression and the health of children in Brazil, using information from the 2008 National Household Survey (PNAD/IBGE). The analysis considered the sampling design for the research and included 46,874 individuals up to the age of nine. The Poisson models were estimated for three health outcomes for children: health as reported by the parents or the responsible person, restrictions on habitual activities for health reasons and periods when they were confined to bed two weeks before the interviews in the study...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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