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education residents

Mohammed Al-Temimi, Michael Kidon, Samir Johna
CONTEXT: Reports evaluating faculty knowledge of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies in community hospitals without a dedicated residency program are uncommon. OBJECTIVE: Faculty evaluation regarding knowledge of ACGME core competencies before a residency program is started. DESIGN: Physicians at the Kaiser Permanente Fontana Medical Center (N = 480) were surveyed for their knowledge of ACGME core competencies before starting new residency programs...
October 14, 2016: Permanente Journal
Adrienne M Laury, Sarah N Bowe, Joshua Lospinoso
Importance: To date, an otolaryngology-specific morbidity and mortality (M&M) conference has never been reported or evaluated. Objective: To propose a novel otolaryngology-specific M&M format and to assess its success using a validated assessment tool. Design, Setting, and Participants: Preintervention and postintervention cohort study spanning 14 months (September 2014 to November 2015), with 32 faculty, residents, and medical students attending the department of otolaryngology M&M conference, conducted at the the San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium...
October 20, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Martin de Santibañes, Eduardo de Santibañes, Juan Pekolj
The paradigm introduced by William Halsted for surgical residency training has been considered the most appropriate educational system to acquire the knowledge and surgical skills required to become a competent general surgeon. Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery is considered an important part of general surgery training because of its high prevalence and complexity. Nowadays, we are faced with a worldwide shortage of general surgeons candidates, restrictive working hours and less surgical exposure, situations that can undermine the objectives of training in HPB surgery during residency...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Shruti Gupta, Jehan Alladina, Kevin Heaton, Eli Miloslavsky
BACKGROUND: Subspecialty fellows can serve as a tremendous educational resource to residents; however, there are multiple barriers to an effective resident-fellow teaching interaction in the setting of inpatient consultation. We designed and evaluated a resident-directed intervention to enhance communication and teaching during consultation on the general medicine wards. METHODS: Five medical teams were randomized to receive the intervention over a 3 month period (3 control, 2 intervention teams)...
October 20, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Colleen Braun, David O Kessler, Marc Auerbach, Renuka Mehta, Anthony J Scalzo, James M Gerard
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to provide validity evidence for infant lumbar puncture (ILP) checklist and global rating scale (GRS) instruments when used by residents to assess simulated ILP performances and to compare these metrics to previously obtained attending rater data. METHODS: In 2009, the International Network for Simulation-based Pediatric Innovation, Research, and Education (INSPIRE) developed checklist and GRS scoring instruments, which were previously validated among attending raters when used to assess simulated ILP performances...
October 18, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Ronald E Domen, Kristen Johnson, Richard Michael Conran, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Jacob J Steinberg, Mark D Brissette, Dita A Gratzinger, Cindy B McCloskey, Patricia M Raciti, Cory Anthony Roberts, Amyn M Rojiani, Suzanne Zein-Eldin Powell
CONTEXT: -Professionalism issues in residency training can be difficult to assess and manage. Generational or role-based differences may also exist between faculty and residents as to what constitutes unprofessional behavior and how to manage it. OBJECTIVE: -To examine and compare how faculty and residents would approach the same 5 case scenarios detailing various aspects of unprofessional behavior. DESIGN: -Five case scenarios highlighting various unprofessional behaviors were presented in a workshop at an annual meeting of pathology department chairs, residency program directors, and undergraduate pathology medical educators (ie, pathologists involved in medical student pathology education)...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Yan-Ning Li, Dong-Xiao Nong, Bo Wei, Qi-Ming Feng, Hong-Ye Luo
BACKGROUND: Healthcare in China has significantly improved, meanwhile many  socio-economic risk factors and health conditions factors affect accessibility and utilization of health services in rural areas. Inequity of health service in China needs to  be estimated and reduced. Andersen behavioral model is useful to assess the association of health service utilization with predisposing, enabling, and need factors. METHODS: A survey was conducted among 4634 residents of 897 households in 2012...
October 19, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor, Devaki Nambiar, Anne Schlotheuber, Daniel Reidpath, Zev Ross
BACKGROUND: It is widely recognised that the pursuit of sustainable development cannot be accomplished without addressing inequality, or observed differences between subgroups of a population. Monitoring health inequalities allows for the identification of health topics where major group differences exist, dimensions of inequality that must be prioritised to effect improvements in multiple health domains, and also population subgroups that are multiply disadvantaged. While availability of data to monitor health inequalities is gradually improving, there is a commensurate need to increase, within countries, the technical capacity for analysis of these data and interpretation of results for decision-making...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Crystal S Y Cheung, Nima Noordeh, Chloe C Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to assess Canadian ophthalmologists' awareness of established uveitis treatment guidelines and clinical management of uveitis and to assess the frequency of government applications for immunomodulatory therapy (IMT) and identify primary prescribers. A 25-item questionnaire was sent to 759 practicing Canadian ophthalmologists. Six questions assessed demographics including the year of residency completion, training by uveitis specialists during residency, and fellowship training...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Jeffrey J Rakofsky, Steven J Garlow, Ebrahim Haroon, Adriana P Hermida, John Q Young, Boadie W Dunlop
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether residents' confidence initiating medications increased with the number of times they prescribed individual medications and to quantify the relationship between prescription frequency and gains in confidence. METHODS: From July 2011 to June 2014, PGY-3 residents completed a survey of confidence levels at their psychopharmacology clinic orientation and then again 12 months later. The Emory Healthcare electronic medical record was used to identify all medications prescribed by each resident during their 12-month rotation and the frequency of these prescriptions...
October 18, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Lars Johan M Sandberg
The reconstructive ladder and the reconstructive elevator have withstood the test of time as didactic tools for resident education. Over time, many alternative models have been suggested to incorporate the technological advances in plastic surgery, but none of them have focused on the patient. Changes in practice and the trend toward personalized health care demand a 360-degree evaluation and solution of surgical problems incorporating patient-specific characteristics. We, therefore, suggest the concept of the plastic surgery compass to navigate the ladder...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Betine Pinto Moehlecke Iser, Álvaro Vigo, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Maria Inês Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is increasing globally, particularly in low and middle income countries, posing a great challenge to health systems. Brazil is currently ranked 4th in the world in terms of the absolute number of persons with diabetes. Our aim was to analyze the trend in self-reported diabetes prevalence between 2006 and 2014 in Brazilian adults. METHODS: We used data from the national telephone survey-VIGITEL. Over 40,000 individuals from probabilistic sample of subjects ≥18 years old residing in 26 state capitals and the Federal District were interviewed per year in each location...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Justin Gatwood, Christina A Spivey, Susan E Dickey
Objective. To compare the net cumulative income of community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and full-time pharmacy faculty members (residency-trained or with a PhD after obtaining a PharmD) in pharmacy practice, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and social and administrative sciences. Methods. Markov modeling was conducted to calculate net projected cumulative earnings of career paths by estimating the costs of education, including the costs of obtaining degrees and student loans. Results...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Jennifer L Bacci, Tolu P Akinwale, Alex J Adams, Melissa Somma McGivney
Objective. To identify community pharmacy shared faculty members across the United States and to describe their roles and responsibilities in terms of teaching, service, and scholarship. Methods. This study was a mixed-methods analysis using surveys and key informant interviews. Results. Twenty-two faculty members completed the survey; nine were interviewed. Their major roles and responsibilities included teaching in community-based and experiential learning courses, precepting students and/or residents, being actively involved in professional organizations, providing patient care while leading innovation, and disseminating findings through scholarship...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Juliessa M Pavon, Sandro O Pinheiro, Gwendolen T Buhr
OBJECTIVE: We developed a Transitions of Care (TOC) curriculum to teach and measure learner competence in performing TOC tasks for older adults. DESIGN: Internal medicine interns at an academic residency program received the curriculum, which consisted of experiential learning, self-study, and small group discussion. Interns completed retrospective pre/post surveys rating their confidence in performing five TOC tasks, qualitative open-ended survey questions, and a self-reflection essay...
October 18, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Natalie Wagner, Christine Fahim, Krista Dunn, Diane Reid, Ranil Sonnadara
BACKGROUND: Residency training programs worldwide are experiencing a shift from the traditional time-based curriculum to competency based medical education (CBME), due to changes in the healthcare system that have impacted clinical learning opportunities. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (OTL-HNS) programs are one of the first North American surgical specialties to adopt the new CBME curriculum. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this scoping review is to examine the literature pertaining to CBME in OTL-HNS programs worldwide, to identify the tools that have been developed, and identify potential barriers to the implementation of CBME...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Qin Yu, Baiting Liu, Rongmei Na
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of hypertension in Zhuanghe region. DESIGN AND METHOD: By adopting the cross-sectional study, the 3500 original residents were chosen from the country of Zhuanghe randomly. Using adjusting questionnaire of WHO-Monica study including smoking, alcohol consumption, daily salt intake, physical activity, receiving health education times, family history, history of diabetes and coronary heart disease were recorded...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Chao Chu, Yumeng Cao, Jianjun Mu
BACKGROUND: Salt reduction are crucial in the management of hypertension. Over the past few decades, Series of national activities and studies focusing on salt reduction and salt intake education were promoted by the Chinese government. However, the current status of dietary sodium and potassium intake of Chinese population is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the status of dietary salt and potassium intake in the Chinese population through summarizing the previous studies from 1998 to 2011 and then propose appropriate initiatives...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Davyd Yakhontov
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk factors (RF) prevalence and compliance in hypertension (Ht) associated with coronary artery diseases (CAD) pts - West Siberia residents. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 151 pts with Ht grade 1-3 and stable angina 54,8 ± 0,7 years old divided in 3 groups. The 1 group included 43 Ht pts with uncomplicated angina and intact coronary arteries, the 2 group - 47 Ht pts with angina and percutaneous coronary intervention last 1-3 years, the 3 group - 61 Ht pts with myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke last 1-3 years...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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