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Relative age effect in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087586/using-e-cigarettes-in-the-home-to-reduce-smoking-and-secondhand-smoke-disadvantaged-parents-accounts
#1
Neneh Rowa-Dewar, Catriona Rooke, Amanda Amos
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are subject to considerable public health debate. Most public health experts agree that for smokers who find it particularly challenging to quit, e-cigarettes may reduce harm. E-cigarette use in the home may also reduce children's secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure, although e-cigarette vapour may pose risks. This is the first qualitative study to explore disadvantaged parents' views and experiences of e-cigarettes in relation to reducing SHS exposure in the home. Interviews with 25 disadvantaged parents from Edinburgh who smoked and had children aged 1-3 were conducted in 2013, with 17 re-interviewed in 2014...
January 13, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086843/evaluation-of-the-good-start-program-a-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-maori-and-pacific-islander-children-living-in-queensland-australia
#2
Seema Mihrshahi, Lisa Vaughan, Nicola Fa'avale, Shreenika De Silva Weliange, Inez Manu-Sione, Lisa Schubert
BACKGROUND: Reducing the prevalence of obesity and chronic disease are important priorities. Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Australia have higher rates of obesity and chronic disease than the wider Australian population. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the Good Start program, which aims to improve knowledge, attitudes and practices related to healthy eating and physical activity amongst Maori and Pacific Islander communities living in Queensland. METHODS: The intervention was delivered to children aged 6-19 years (N = 375) in schools by multicultural health workers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086819/efficacy-safety-and-effectiveness-of-licensed-rotavirus-vaccines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-for-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#3
Raúl F Velázquez, Alexandre C Linhares, Sergio Muñoz, Pamela Seron, Pedro Lorca, Rodrigo DeAntonio, Eduardo Ortega-Barria
BACKGROUND: RotaTeq™ (RV5; Merck & Co. Inc., USA) and Rotarix™ (RV1, GlaxoSmithKline, Belgium) vaccines, developed to prevent rotavirus diarrhea in children under five years old, were both introduced into national immunization programs in 2006. As many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have included either RV5 or RV1 in their routine childhood vaccination programs, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze efficacy, safety and effectiveness data from the region...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081251/physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-modify-the-association-between-melanocortin-4-receptor-gene-variant-and-obesity-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents
#4
Jie-Yun Song, Qi-Ying Song, Shuo Wang, Jun Ma, Hai-Jun Wang
Effects of MC4R variants in previous Chinese population studies were inconsistent. Gene-environment interactions might influence the effect of MC4R variants on obesity, which was still unclear. We performed the study to clarify the association of variants near MC4R gene with obesity-related phenotypes and gene-environment interactions in Chinese children and adolescents. Two common variants (rs12970134 and rs17782313) near MC4R were genotyped in 2179 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in Beijing of China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079770/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-after-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#5
Jacques Balayla, Odile Sheehy, William D Fraser, Jean R Séguin, Jacquetta Trasler, Patricia Monnier, Andrea A MacLeod, Marie-Noëlle Simard, Gina Muckle, Anick Bérard
OBJECTIVE: To compare children's cognitive, motor, and language development at 2 years of age after assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) relative to natural conception. METHODS: The 3D-Study (2010-2012) is a prospective cohort study, which sought to improve the understanding among perinatal events, obstetric outcomes, and child development. A total of 2,366 pregnant women were recruited, of whom 278 conceived with ART: ovarian stimulation, intrauterine sperm insemination, in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or in vitro maturation...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079605/delirium-in-critically-ill-children-an-international-point-prevalence-study
#6
Chani Traube, Gabrielle Silver, Ron W Reeder, Hannah Doyle, Emily Hegel, Heather A Wolfe, Christopher Schneller, Melissa G Chung, Leslie A Dervan, Jane L DiGennaro, Sandra D W Buttram, Sapna R Kudchadkar, Kate Madden, Mary E Hartman, Mary L deAlmeida, Karen Walson, Erwin Ista, Manuel A Baarslag, Rosanne Salonia, John Beca, Debbie Long, Yu Kawai, Ira M Cheifetz, Javier Gelvez, Edward J Truemper, Rebecca L Smith, Megan E Peters, A M Iqbal O'Meara, Sarah Murphy, Abdulmohsen Bokhary, Bruce M Greenwald, Michael J Bell
OBJECTIVES: To determine prevalence of delirium in critically ill children and explore associated risk factors. DESIGN: Multi-institutional point prevalence study. SETTING: Twenty-five pediatric critical care units in the United States, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, and Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS: All children admitted to the pediatric critical care units on designated study days (n = 994). INTERVENTION: Children were screened for delirium using the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium by the bedside nurse...
January 10, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079443/breastfeeding-in-women-having-experienced-childhood-sexual-abuse
#7
Constanze Elfgen, Niels Hagenbuch, Gisela Görres, Emina Block, Brigitte Leeners
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can have a serious effect on general and obstetric health. Breastfeeding includes several triggers for memories of abuse experiences, which will likely influence decisions about breastfeeding and its implementation in daily life. This is important since breastfeeding improves maternal well-being and bonding with the child. Research aim: As breastfeeding strongly influences the long-term health of children, we investigated experiences with breastfeeding in women with a history of CSA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078552/pediatric-development-of-bosentan-facilitated-by-modeling-and-simulation
#8
Jochen Zisowsky, Martine Géhin, Andjela Kusic-Pajic, Andreas Krause, Maurice Beghetti, Jasper Dingemanse
BACKGROUND: Bosentan is approved for use in adult patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. The primary aim of the pharmacokinetic modeling was the provision of a systematic guidance for study design and enhanced understanding of pharmacokinetics across the entire pediatric age range. METHODS: A physiologically based pharmacokinetic model was developed for the pediatric population; starting from an adult model, the effects of body weight, age, and maturation of relevant metabolizing enzymes were incorporated to extrapolate the pharmacokinetics to children...
January 11, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076399/epidemiology-of-injury-related-death-in-children-under-5-years-of-age-in-hunan-province-china-2009-2014
#9
Xiong Lili, He Jian, Li Liping, Liu Zhiyu, Wang Hua
BACKGROUND: Injury is an important cause of childhood mortality in China. We described the epidemiology and trends of injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in Hunan province, and discussed several policy implications. METHODS: Injury-related deaths of children <5 years of age in 2009-2014 were identified from surveillance data. All specific injury mortality and mortality rates in urban and rural area were calculated from census data; Cochran-armitage trend test was used to assess the time trends...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075019/differential-recruitment-of-brain-regions-during-response-inhibition-in-children-prenatally-exposed-to-alcohol
#10
Vikas N Kodali, Joseph L Jacobson, Nadine M Lindinger, Neil C Dodge, Christopher D Molteno, Ernesta M Meintjes, Sandra W Jacobson
BACKGROUND: Response inhibition is a distinct aspect of executive function that is frequently impaired in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). We used a Go/NoGo (GNG) task in a functional MRI protocol to investigate differential activation of brain regions in the response inhibition network in children diagnosed with full or partial fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS/PFAS), compared with healthy controls. METHODS: A rapid, event-related task with 120 Go and 60 NoGo trials was used to study children aged 8 to 12 years-8 with FAS/PFAS, 17 controls...
January 11, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074392/effect-of-cerebrolysin-on-gross-motor-function-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-clinical-trial
#11
Jafar Nasiri, Faezeh Safavifar
Gross motor dysfunction is considered as the most challenging problem in cerebral palsy (CP). It is proven that improvement of gross motor function could reduce CP-related disabilities and provide better quality of life in this group of patients. Therefore, the aim of this trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of cerebrolysin (CBL) on gross motor function of children with CP who are undergoing treatment. In this clinical trial study, paediatric patients aged 18-75 months with spastic diplegic or quadriplegic cerebral palsy, who were under rehabilitation therapy, were selected and randomly allocated in control and CBL groups...
January 10, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073186/factors-affecting-the-course-of-body-and-kidney-growth-in-infants-with-urolithiasis-a-critical-long-term-evaluation
#12
Kemal Sarica, Fatma Narter, Kubilay Sabuncu, Ahmet Akca, Utku Can, Ayse Buz, H Nese Sarica, Bilal Eryildirim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible effects of dietary, patient and stone related factors on the clinical course of the stone disease as well as the body and renal growth status of the infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 children with an history of stone disease during infancy period were studied. Patient (anatomical abnormalities, urinary tract infection - UTI, associated morbidities), stone (obstruction, UTI and required interventions) and lastly dietary (duration of sole breast feeding, formula feeding) related factors which may affect the clinical course of the disease were all evaluated for their effects on the body and renal growth during long-term follow-up...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072460/psychosocial-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#13
REVIEW
Rebecca A Abbott, Alice E Martin, Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This review supersedes the original Cochrane review first published in 2008 (Huertas-Ceballos 2008).Between 4% and 25% of school-aged children complain of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) severe enough to interfere with their daily activities. No organic cause for this pain can be found on physical examination or investigation for the majority of such children. Although many children are managed by reassurance and simple measures, a large range of psychosocial interventions involving cognitive and behavioural components have been recommended...
January 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070979/reading-comprehension-a-computerized-intervention-with-primary-age-poor-readers
#14
Joanna Kathryn Horne
The current study investigates the effectiveness of a computerized reading comprehension programme on the reading accuracy, reading comprehension and reading rate of primary-age poor readers. There is little published literature relating to computerized reading interventions in UK primary schools, and no previous studies have investigated the Comprehension Booster programme. Thirty-eight children (26 boys and 12 girls; aged 6:7 to 11:0) from two schools in East Yorkshire, UK, took part. Half of the participants (the intervention group) undertook the Comprehension Booster programme for a 6-week period, whilst the other half (the control group) continued with their usual teaching...
January 9, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070264/impact-of-oral-and-dental-health-on-quality-of-life-in-iranian-preschool-children-and-their-families
#15
Siyamak Nemati, Maryam Ghasempour, Sorayya Khafri
INTRODUCTION: Oral and dental health is one of the most important factors that affect the quality of life of preschool children. This study determined the effect of oral and dental health of preschoolers on their quality of life and that of their parents. METHODS: This descriptive-cross sectional study asked 304 mothers of children aged 2-5 years from Babol, Iran, to complete an Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) questionnaire. Higher raw scores for ECOHIS indicate more oral problems and lower quality of life as related to oral health...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068551/investigating-task-inhibition-in-children-versus-adults-a-diffusion-model-analysis
#16
Stefanie Schuch, Kerstin Konrad
One can take n-2 task repetition costs as a measure of inhibition on the level of task sets. When switching back to a Task A after only one intermediate trial (ABA task sequence), Task A is thought to still be inhibited, leading to performance costs relative to task sequences where switching back to Task A is preceded by at least two intermediary trials (CBA). The current study investigated differences in inhibitory ability between children and adults by comparing n-2 task repetition costs in children (9-11years of age, N=32) and young adults (21-30years of age, N=32)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068110/maternal-scaffolding-in-a-disadvantaged-global-context-the-influence-of-working-memory-and-cognitive-capacities
#17
Jelena Obradović, Ximena A Portilla, Nicole Tirado-Strayer, Saima Siyal, Muneera A Rasheed, Aisha K Yousafzai
The current study focuses on maternal cognitive capacities as determinants of parenting in a highly disadvantaged global context, where children's experiences at home are often the 1st and only opportunity for learning and intellectual growth. In a large sample of 1,291 biological mothers of preschool-aged children in rural Pakistan, we examined the unique association of maternal working memory skills (independent of related cognitive capacities) with cognitively stimulating parenting behaviors. Path analysis revealed that directly assessed working memory, short-term memory, and verbal intelligence independently predicted greater levels of observed maternal scaffolding behaviors...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067813/pneumococcal-colonization-in-the-familial-context-and-implications-for-anti-pneumococcal-immunization-in-adults-results-from-the-binocolo-project-in-sicily
#18
Fabio Tramuto, Emanuele Amodio, Giuseppe Calamusa, Vincenzo Restivo, Claudio Costantino, Francesco Vitale, On Behalf Of The Binocolo Group
The spread of Streptococcus pneumoniae within families has been scarcely investigated so far. This feasibility study aimed to estimate the prevalence of pneumococcal carriage in school-aged children and co-habiting relatives and to explore the potential link between the family environment and the sharing of pneumococcal serotypes covered by the vaccine. Oropharyngeal samples of 146 subjects belonging to 36 different family groups were molecularly tested for pneumococcal detection and serotyping. The overall prevalence of pneumococcal carriage was 65...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067717/risk-of-pertussis-in-relation-to-degree-of-prematurity-in-children-2-years-of-age
#19
Øystein Rolandsen Riise, Ida Laake, Didrik Vestrheim, Elmira Flem, Dag Moster, Marianne Adeleide Riise Bergsaker, Jann Storsæter
BACKGROUND: A few previous studies reported increased risk of pertussis in children with birth weight < 2500g. The risk of pertussis by degree of prematurity has not been determined in a cohort study. The vaccine effectiveness (VE) against reported pertussis in preterm infants is unknown. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (1998-2010) and linked to other national registries. In total, 713,166 children were included in our study and followed until 2 years of age...
January 6, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065838/current-results-and-future-research-priorities-in-late-effects-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-hct-for-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-thalassemia-a-consensus-statement-from-the-second-pediatric-blood-and-marrow-transplant-consortium-international
#20
Shalini Shenoy, Emanuele Angelucci, Staci D Arnold, K Scott Baker, Monica Bhatia, Dorine Bresters, Andrew C Dietz, Josu De La Fuente, Christine Duncan, Javid Gaziev, Allison A King, Michael A Pulsipher, Angela Smith, Mark C Walters
Sustained donor engraftment after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) converts to healthy donor hemoglobin synthesis and halts disease symptoms in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and thalassemia major. A disease free survival probability that exceeds 90% has been reported when HCT using an HLA-matched sibling donor is performed in young patients with low risk disease or treatment related risk factors. Alternate donor HCT and HCT in adults is performed infrequently due to a higher risk profile...
January 5, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
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