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Relative age effect in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036239/-a-phd-completed-factors-subjectively-and-objectively-influencing-children-s-need-for-orthodontic-treatment-and-their-related-quality-of-life
#1
L Kragt-de Roos
Oral health can be measured from the perspective of the professional (objectively) and from the perspective of the patient (subjectively). However, objective and subjective oral health do not match well. The focus of this research, then, is the relationship between objective oral health, subjective oral health and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in children. These relationships were considered in connection with orthodontic problems. The research was carried out as part of the Generation R Study, a prospective study of the health of 10,000 children in Rotterdam, the Netherlands...
October 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035574/a-6-month-open-label-extension-study-of-vortioxetine-in-pediatric-patients-with-depressive-or-anxiety-disorders
#2
Robert L Findling, Adelaide S Robb, Melissa P DelBello, Michael Huss, Nora K McNamara, Elias H Sarkis, Russell E Scheffer, Lis H Poulsen, Grace Chen, Ole M Lemming, Philippe Auby
OBJECTIVES: In this 6-month open-label extension (OLE) of NCT01491035 (a 14-day, open-label, pharmacokinetic/safety lead-in study), the long-term safety and tolerability of vortioxetine (5-20 mg/day) were investigated in children and adolescents with a DSM-IV-TR™ diagnosis of depressive or anxiety disorder in the United States or Germany. The study also was designed to provide data to inform dose selection and titration in future pediatric studies with vortioxetine. METHODS: Safety evaluations included spontaneously reported adverse events (AEs), the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS), and the Pediatric Adverse Events Rating Scale (PAERS; clinician administered)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033863/the-peaceful-co-existence-of-input-frequency-and-structural-intervention-effects-on-the-comprehension-of-complex-sentences-in-german-speaking-children
#3
Flavia Adani, Maja Stegenwallner-Schütz, Talea Niesel
The predictions of two contrasting approaches to the acquisition of transitive relative clauses were tested within the same groups of German-speaking participants aged from 3 to 5 years old. The input frequency approach predicts that object relative clauses with inanimate heads (e.g., the pullover that the man is scratching) are comprehended earlier and more accurately than those with an animate head (e.g., the man that the boy is scratching). In contrast, the structural intervention approach predicts that object relative clauses with two full NP arguments mismatching in number (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033797/white-matter-abnormalities-in-children-with-hiv-infection-and-exposure
#4
Marcin Jankiewicz, Martha J Holmes, Paul A Taylor, Mark F Cotton, Barbara Laughton, André J W van der Kouwe, Ernesta M Meintjes
Background: Due to changes in guidelines and access to treatment, more children start combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) in infancy. With few studies examining the long-term effects of perinatal HIV infection and early ART on neurodevelopment, much is still unknown about brain maturation in the presence of HIV and ART. Follow-up studies of HIV infected (HIV+) children are important for monitoring brain development in the presence of HIV infection and ART. Methods: We use diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine white matter (WM) in 65 HIV+ and 46 control (HIV exposed uninfected (HEU) and HIV unexposed uninfected (HU)) 7-year-old children...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033727/ultrasound-assessment-of-cranial-spread-during-caudal-blockade-in-children-effect-of-different-volumes-of-local-anesthetic
#5
Chandni Sinha, Amarjeet Kumar, Shalini Sharma, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Somak Majumdar, Ajeet Kumar, Nishant Sahay, Bindey Kumar, U K Bhadani
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided caudal block injection is a simple, safe, and effective method of anesthesia/analgesia in pediatric patients. The volume of caudal drug required has always been a matter of debate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This present prospective, randomized, double-blinded study aimed to measure extent of the cranial spread of caudally administered levobupivacaine in Indian children by means of real-time ultrasonography. Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II children scheduled for urogenital surgeries were enrolled in this trial...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033350/phenotypical-characterization-of-human-rhinovirus-infections-in-severely-premature-children
#6
Geovanny F Perez, Bassem Kurdi, Rosemary Megalaa, Krishna Pancham, Shehlanoor Huseni, Natalia Isaza, Carlos E Rodriguez-Martinez, Dinesh Pillai, Gustavo Nino
BACKGROUND: Human Rhinovirus (HRV) has been identified as the most common cause of acute respiratory infections and hospitalizations in premature children. It is unclear if premature children are more susceptible to HRV due to their decreased pulmonary reserve or because they have enhanced lower airway reactivity to HRV. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the clinical respiratory presentation of all PCR-confirmed HRV infections in full-term and premature children aged ≤3 years in our institution...
September 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033006/relative-age-within-the-school-year-and-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#7
Kapil Sayal, Roshan Chudal, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Petteri Joelsson, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Findings are mixed on the relationship between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and younger relative age in the school year. We aimed to investigate whether relative age is associated with ADHD diagnosis in a country where prescribing rates are low and whether any such association has changed over time or relates to comorbid disorders (eg, conduct disorder [CD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], or learning disorder [LD]). METHODS: We used nationwide population-based registers to identify all Finnish children born between Jan 1, 1991, and Dec 31, 2004, who were diagnosed with ADHD from age 7 years onwards (age of starting school)...
October 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032443/teacher-support-peer-acceptance-and-engagement-in-the-classroom-a-three-wave-longitudinal-study-in-late-childhood
#8
Tessa Weyns, Hilde Colpin, Steven De Laet, Maaike Engels, Karine Verschueren
Although research has examined the bivariate effects of teacher support, peer acceptance, and engagement, it remains unclear how these key classroom experiences evolve together, especially in late childhood. This study aims to provide a detailed picture of their transactional relations in late childhood. A sample of 586 children (M age  = 9.26 years, 47.1% boys) was followed from fourth to sixth grade. Teacher support and engagement were student-reported and peer acceptance was peer-reported. Autoregressive cross-lagged models revealed unique longitudinal effects of both peer acceptance and teacher support on engagement, and of peer acceptance on teacher support...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032365/how-does-academic-achievement-relate-to-cardiorespiratory-fitness-self-reported-physical-activity-and-objectively-reported-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-6-18-years
#9
REVIEW
Adilson Marques, Diana A Santos, Charles H Hillman, Luís B Sardinha
OBJECTIVE: This report aimed to systematically review the evidence for a differential association between objective and self-reported physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness on academic achievement. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Studies were identified from searches in Embase, Education Resources Information Center, PubMed, PsycINFO, SPORTdiscus and Web of Science databases from January 2000 to December 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Eligibility criteria included cross-sectional, longitudinal and interventional study designs...
October 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030905/comparing-the-effects-of-age-pubertal-development-and-symptom-profile-on-cortisol-rhythm-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Rachael A Muscatello, Blythe A Corbett
Previous studies in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have shown elevated evening cortisol; however, few studies have examined diurnal rhythm in adolescents with ASD. Adolescence is a time of significant physical and psychological change, and dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis may put adolescents with ASD at increased risk for internalizing disorders, such as anxiety and depression. The extent to which cortisol levels are associated with age, puberty and symptom profile was examined in 113 youth (ages 7-17) with ASD and typical development...
October 14, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029859/intensive-insulin-therapy-insulin-sensitisers-and-insulin-secretagogues-for-burns-a-systematic-review-of-effectiveness-and-safety
#11
REVIEW
Jared M Campbell, Natalia Adanichkin, Rochelle Kurmis, Zachary Munn
This systematic review investigated the effectiveness and safety of intensive insulin therapy (IIT), insulin secretagogues and sensitisers in burn patients. PubMed, Embase, clinicaltrials.gov and Cochrane central were searched from 1990 to 2016. Title/abstract screening, full-text review, critical appraisal and data extraction were carried out by two independent reviewers. Inclusion criteria were hospitalised burn patients, IIT, insulin sensitisers or secretagogues and the outcomes mortality, length of stay, resting energy expenditure, blood glucose, catabolism, or complications...
October 10, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028959/effectiveness-of-measles-vaccination-and-immune-globulin-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-an-outbreak-setting-new-york-city-2013
#12
Robert J Arciuolo, Rachel R Jablonski, Jane R Zucker, Jennifer B Rosen
Background: Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) or immune globulin (IG) are routinely used for measles post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). However, current literature on the effectiveness of measles PEP is limited and variable. Here, we examined the effectiveness of MMR and IG PEP among children exposed to measles during an outbreak in New York City (NYC) in 2013. Methods: Contacts were identified by the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene between 13 March 2013 and 30 June 2013...
September 23, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028268/relationship-between-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-musculoskeletal-health-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-systematic-review-and-evidence-map
#13
Jean V Craig, Diane K Bunn, Richard P Hayhoe, Will O Appleyard, Elizabeth A Lenaghan, Ailsa A Welch
An understanding of the modifiable effects of diet on bone and skeletal muscle mass and strength over the life course will help inform strategies to reduce age-related fracture risk. The Mediterranean diet is rich in nutrients that may be important for optimal musculoskeletal health. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the relationship between a Mediterranean diet and musculoskeletal outcomes (fracture, bone density, osteoporosis, sarcopenia) in any age group. Ten electronic databases were searched...
October 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027866/magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-laser-interstitial-thermal-therapy-as-treatment-for-intractable-insular-epilepsy-in-children
#14
M Scott Perry, David J Donahue, Saleem I Malik, Cynthia G Keator, Angel Hernandez, Rohit K Reddy, Freedom F Perkins, Mark R Lee, Dave F Clarke
OBJECTIVE Seizure onset within the insula is increasingly recognized as a cause of intractable epilepsy. Surgery within the insula is difficult, with considerable risks, given the rich vascular supply and location near critical cortex. MRI-guided laser interstitial thermal therapy (LiTT) provides an attractive treatment option for insular epilepsy, allowing direct ablation of abnormal tissue while sparing nearby normal cortex. Herein, the authors describe their experience using this technique in a large cohort of children undergoing treatment of intractable localization-related epilepsy of insular onset...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027060/the-mental-health-of-adolescents-residing-in-court-ordered-foster-care-findings-from-a-population-survey
#15
Michael Tarren-Sweeney
The mental health of a representative sample of 230 adolescents residing in foster care in New South Wales, Australia, was estimated in a state-wide epidemiological survey from carer-report responses on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Assessment Checklist for Adolescents (ACA). Rates of CBCL total problems, externalizing and internalizing scores above the borderline range cut-points were 49, 44 and 29% respectively, representing a relative risk of 3.8, 3.7 and 2.7 respectively in comparison to Australian children at large...
October 12, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027013/a-systematic-review-of-maternal-antidepressant-use-in-pregnancy-and-short-and-long-term-offspring-s-outcomes
#16
REVIEW
Stephanie L Prady, Inna Hanlon, Lorna K Fraser, Antonina Mikocka-Walus
The relative safety of antidepressants during pregnancy has received substantial attention, but most syntheses fail to account for mental illness effects. We aimed to evaluate the literature comparing low birth weight (LBW) and neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioural outcomes for children whose mothers took antidepressants in pregnancy compared to those whose mothers had common mental disorders, or symptoms, but who did not take antidepressants during pregnancy. A systematic review was conducted searching PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Embase in January 2015...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026987/acetylcholinesterase-activity-and-time-after-a-peak-pesticide-use-period-among-ecuadorian-children
#17
Jose Ricardo Suarez-Lopez, Cheyenne R Butcher, Sheila Gahagan, Harvey Checkoway, Bruce H Alexander, Wael K Al-Delaimy
PURPOSE: Mother's Day (May) is a holiday with substantial demand for flowers, associated with heightened flower production and escalated pesticide use. The effect of spray seasons on pesticide exposures of children living in agricultural communities but who do not work in agriculture is poorly understood. In this study, we estimated the association of time after Mother's Day harvest with children's acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. AChE is a physiological marker of organophosphate/carbamate pesticide exposures that may take up to 3 months to normalize after its inhibition...
October 13, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025194/procalcitonin-to-initiate-or-discontinue-antibiotics-in-acute-respiratory-tract-infections
#18
REVIEW
Philipp Schuetz, Yannick Wirz, Ramon Sager, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Daiana Stolz, Michael Tamm, Lila Bouadma, Charles E Luyt, Michel Wolff, Jean Chastre, Florence Tubach, Kristina B Kristoffersen, Olaf Burkhardt, Tobias Welte, Stefan Schroeder, Vandack Nobre, Long Wei, Heiner C Bucher, Neera Bhatnagar, Djillali Annane, Konrad Reinhart, Angela Branche, Pierre Damas, Maarten Nijsten, Dylan W de Lange, Rodrigo O Deliberato, Stella Ss Lima, Vera Maravić-Stojković, Alessia Verduri, Bin Cao, Yahya Shehabi, Albertus Beishuizen, Jens-Ulrik S Jensen, Caspar Corti, Jos A Van Oers, Ann R Falsey, Evelien de Jong, Carolina F Oliveira, Bianca Beghe, Matthias Briel, Beat Mueller
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) comprise of a large and heterogeneous group of infections including bacterial, viral, and other aetiologies. In recent years, procalcitonin (PCT), a blood marker for bacterial infections, has emerged as a promising tool to improve decisions about antibiotic therapy (PCT-guided antibiotic therapy). Several randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated the feasibility of using procalcitonin for starting and stopping antibiotics in different patient populations with ARIs and different settings ranging from primary care settings to emergency departments, hospital wards, and intensive care units...
October 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024763/slow-reading-in-children-with-anisometropic-amblyopia-is-associated-with-fixation-instability-and-increased-saccades
#19
Krista R Kelly, Reed M Jost, Angie De La Cruz, Lori Dao, Cynthia L Beauchamp, David Stager, Eileen E Birch
BACKGROUND: Previous studies show slow reading in strabismic amblyopia. We recently identified amblyopia, not strabismus, as the key factor in slow reading in children. No studies have focused on reading in amblyopic children without strabismus. We examined reading in anisometropic children and evaluated whether slow reading was associated with ocular motor dysfunction in children with amblyopia. METHODS: Anisometropic children (7-12 years) with or without amblyopia were compared to age-similar normal controls...
October 9, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024184/the-use-of-dipyrone-metamizol-as-an-analgesic-in-children-what-is-the-evidence-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Thomas G de Leeuw, Maaike Dirckx, Antonia Gonzalez Candel, Gail P Scoones, Frank J P M Huygen, Saskia N de Wildt
Dipyrone has analgesic, spasmolytic, and antipyretic effects and is used to treat pain. Due to a possible risk of agranulocytosis with the use of dipyrone, it has been banned in a number of countries. The most commonly used data for the use of dipyrone are related to adults. Information relating to the use of dipyrone in children is scarce. Given the potential added value of dipyrone in the treatment of pain, a review of the literature was conducted to obtain more insight into the analgesic efficacy of dipyrone in children as well as the safety of dipyrone in terms of adverse events...
October 12, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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