keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Relative age effect in children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646162/associations-between-global-dna-methylation-and-telomere-length-in-healthy-adolescents
#1
Yutong Dong, Ying Huang, Bernard Gutin, Anas Raed, Yanbin Dong, Haidong Zhu
Emerging evidence suggests that epigenetics regulates telomere dynamics in adults. However, the relationship between these pathways in children and youth remains unknown. Thus, we examined this association in 542 healthy adolescents aged 14 to 18 years old (44.8% African Americans; 55.2% females). Global DNA methylation level (%5-mC) was quantified using ELISA method. Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) was defined as relative telomere to single copy gene (T/S) ratio. Multiple linear regression models, adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, Tanner stage, BMI, PA, and batch effect, revealed that %5 mC was associated with LTL (adjusted β = 0...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645872/two-obesity-susceptibility-loci-in-lyplal1-and-etv5-independently-associated-with-childhood-hypertension-in-chinese-population
#2
Duo Lv, Dan Zhou, Yan Zhang, Shuai Zhang, Yi-Min Zhu
AIMS: Genome-wide association studies have identified novel obesity-associated susceptibility loci. Associations of these variants with childhood obesity have been studied in our previous research. The purpose of this study is to investigate if these loci are associated with hypertension being independent of obesity in Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS: Nineteen candidate SNPs were genotyped using Sequenom MassARRAY platform among Chinese children (N=2954, 514 hypertension and 2440 controls, aged 7-17years)...
June 20, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645255/haemoglobin-changes-and-risk-of-anaemia-following-treatment-for-uncomplicated-falciparum-malaria-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
Julien Zwang, Umberto D'Alessandro, Jean-Louis Ndiaye, Abdoulaye A Djimdé, Grant Dorsey, Andreas A Mårtensson, Corine Karema, Piero L Olliaro
BACKGROUND: Anaemia is common in malaria. It is important to quantitate the risk of anaemia and to distinguish factors related to the natural history of disease from potential drug toxicity. METHODS: Individual-patient data analysis based on nine randomized controlled trials of treatments of uncomplicated falciparum malaria from 13 sub-Saharan African countries. Risk factors for reduced haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations and anaemia on presentation and after treatment were analysed using mixed effect models...
June 23, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644834/automatic-non-symbolic-numerosity-processing-in-preschoolers
#4
Xiaoshuang Zhu, Yinghe Chen, Yanjun Li, Zhijun Deng
There has recently been an increasing focus on the development of automatic processing of numerical magnitude. However, little effort has been made to explore automatic access to non-symbolic numerical magnitude in preschool children. In experiment 1, we used a non-symbolic physical size comparison task in 3- to 6-year-olds to examine developmental changes and the effect of ratio and counting principle knowledge. Results showed that the existence of automatic non-symbolic numerical processing began at age 3-4 years and size congruity effects tended to reduce with increasing age from 4 years old...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643209/high-intensity-interval-training-interventions-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
William T B Eddolls, Melitta A McNarry, Gareth Stratton, Charles O N Winn, Kelly A Mackintosh
BACKGROUND: Whilst there is increasing interest in the efficacy of high-intensity interval training in children and adolescents as a time-effective method of eliciting health benefits, there remains little consensus within the literature regarding the most effective means for delivering a high-intensity interval training intervention. Given the global health issues surrounding childhood obesity and associated health implications, the identification of effective intervention strategies is imperative...
June 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643133/children-with-elevated-psychosocial-risk-load-benefit-most-from-a-family-based-preventive-intervention-exploratory-differential-analyses-from-the-german-strengthening-families-program-10-14-adaptation-trial
#6
Sonja Bröning, Christiane Baldus, Monika Thomsen, Peter-Michael Sack, Nicolas Arnaud, Rainer Thomasius
While the effectiveness of substance use prevention programs such as the Strengthening Families Program 10-14 (SFP) has been demonstrated in the USA, European SFP adaptations have not replicated these sizable effects. Following the rationale of the risk moderation hypothesis positing that elevated risk groups may benefit more from a preventive intervention than lower-risk groups, we reanalyzed evaluation data from a randomized controlled trial testing the adapted German version of SFP (SFP-D). We hypothesized a differential impact of risk status on intervention results...
June 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642307/urban-green-and-grey-space-in-relation-to-respiratory-health-in-children
#7
Christina Tischer, Mireia Gascon, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Adonina Tardón, Aitana Lertxundi Materola, Jesus Ibarluzea, Amparo Ferrero, Marisa Estarlich, Marta Cirach, Martine Vrijheid, Elaine Fuertes, Albert Dalmau-Bueno, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Josep M Antó, Jordi Sunyer, Payam Dadvand
We assessed the effect of three different indices of urban built environment on allergic and respiratory conditions.This study involved 2472 children participating in the ongoing INMA birth cohort located in two bio-geographic regions (Euro-Siberian and Mediterranean) in Spain. Residential surrounding built environment was characterised as 1) residential surrounding greenness based on satellite-derived normalised difference vegetation index (NDVI), 2) residential proximity to green spaces and 3) residential surrounding greyness based on urban land use patterns...
June 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641158/determinants-of-cortisol-during-pregnancy-the-abcd-cohort
#8
Laura S Bleker, Tessa J Roseboom, Tanja G Vrijkotte, Rebecca M Reynolds, Susanne R de Rooij
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress during pregnancy has been proposed as a major contributor of glucocorticoid-mediated programming of the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis, with later adverse health consequences. However, evidence linking maternal stress to maternal cortisol values during pregnancy is inconclusive. A possible explanation for this is that other maternal factors overshadow any potential effects of stress on cortisol levels. We studied a large cohort of pregnant women with extensive data on pregnancy characteristics to determine the respective contributions of biological, environmental and psychosocial stress factors to cortisol levels in pregnancy...
May 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640775/prevalence-of-non-accidental-trauma-among-children-at-acs-verified-pediatric-trauma-centers
#9
David D A Bogumil, Natalie E Demeter, Karen Imagawa, Jeffrey S Upperman, Rita V Burke
BACKGROUND: Child abuse remains a national epidemic that has detrimental effects if unnoticed in the clinical setting. Extreme cases of child abuse, or non-accidental trauma (NAT), have large financial burdens associated with them due to treatment costs and long-term effects of abuse. Clinicians that have additional training and experience with pediatric trauma are better equipped to detect signs of NAT and have more experience reporting it. This additional training and experience can be measured by using the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Pediatric Trauma Verification...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639700/systematic-review-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adults-with-eosinophilic-oesophagitis-instruments-for-measurement-and-determinant-factors
#10
REVIEW
A J Lucendo, L Arias-González, J Molina-Infante, Á Arias
BACKGROUND: Several measures have been used to assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE). AIMS: To systematically review these HRQoL measures, to appraise measurement properties of specific instruments and to evaluate determinant factors influencing HRQoL in paediatric and adult EoE patients. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science (WOS) and PsycINFO databases for documents providing original information on the development of measurement tools and/or evaluation of HRQoL outcomes in EoE patients of all ages...
June 22, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639564/effect-of-an-ecological-executive-skill-training-program-for-school-aged-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Ying Qian, Min Chen, Lan Shuai, Qing-Jiu Cao, Li Yang, Yu-Feng Wang
BACKGROUND: As medication does not normalize outcomes of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), especially in real-life functioning, nonpharmacological methods are important to target this field. This randomized controlled clinical trial was designed to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive executive skill training program for school-aged children with ADHD in a relatively large sample. METHODS: The children (aged 6-12 years) with ADHD were randomized to the intervention or waitlist groups...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639319/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-children-from-the-age-of-6-to-11-years
#12
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Tamara Brown, Karen Rees, Liane B Azevedo, Victoria Whittaker, Dan Jones, Joan Olajide, Giulia M Mainardi, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Elizabeth Beardsmore, Lena Al-Khudairy, Louise Baur, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Alessandro Demaio, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. This is an update of a Cochrane review published first in 2003, and updated previously in 2009. However, the update has now been split into six reviews addressing different childhood obesity treatments at different ages. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions (behaviour-changing interventions) for the treatment of overweight or obese children aged 6 to 11 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638982/image-quality-at-synthetic-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-children
#13
So Mi Lee, Young Hun Choi, Jung-Eun Cheon, In-One Kim, Seung Hyun Cho, Won Hwa Kim, Hye Jung Kim, Hyun-Hae Cho, Sun-Kyoung You, Sook-Hyun Park, Moon Jung Hwang
BACKGROUND: The clinical application of the multi-echo, multi-delay technique of synthetic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) generates multiple sequences in a single acquisition but has mainly been used in adults. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the image quality of synthetic brain MR in children compared with that of conventional images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine children (median age: 6 years, range: 0-16 years) underwent synthetic and conventional imaging...
June 22, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638947/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-conduct-and-antisocial-personality-problems-in-childhood-adolescence-and-adulthood
#14
Laura W Wesseldijk, Meike Bartels, Jacqueline M Vink, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Lannie Ligthart, Dorret I Boomsma, Christel M Middeldorp
Conduct problems in children and adolescents can predict antisocial personality disorder and related problems, such as crime and conviction. We sought an explanation for such predictions by performing a genetic longitudinal analysis. We estimated the effects of genetic, shared environmental, and unique environmental factors on variation in conduct problems measured at childhood and adolescence and antisocial personality problems measured at adulthood and on the covariation across ages. We also tested whether these estimates differed by sex...
June 21, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637529/predictors-of-adults-body-mass-index-and-the-association-with-index-child-s-infant-birth-weight-in-the-lifeways-cross-generation-cohort-study-of-a-thousand-families-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#15
S McKey, M Heinen, J Mehegan, R Somerville, H Khalil, R Segurado, C Murrin, C C Kelleher
The Lifeways study is novel in having information on three generations of the same families. It is well established that infant birth weight (IBW) predicts individuals' risk of adult chronic disease and more recently studies report cross-generation transmission of risk patterns. The aims of this analysis were to examine whether adults' birth weights were associated with measures of own health status or social position and to relate adults' birth weights to that of the index child's IBW. Finally, we assessed whether birth weight of either adults or children was associated with adult body mass index (BMI) of parents and grandparents...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634691/modulation-of-rotavirus-severe-gastroenteritis-by-the-combination-of-probiotics-and-prebiotics
#16
REVIEW
Guadalupe Gonzalez-Ochoa, Lilian K Flores-Mendoza, Ramona Icedo-Garcia, Ricardo Gomez-Flores, Patricia Tamez-Guerra
Annual mortality rates due to infectious diarrhea are about 2.2 million; children are the most vulnerable age group to severe gastroenteritis, representing group A rotaviruses as the main cause of disease. One of the main factors of rotavirus pathogenesis is the NSP4 protein, which has been characterized as a viral toxin involved in triggering several cellular responses leading to diarrhea. Furthermore, the rotavirus protein NSP1 has been associated with interferon production inhibition by inducing the degradation of interferon regulatory factors IRF3, IRF5, and IRF7...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634090/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-3-month-bladder-basic-advice-in-children-with-monosymptomatic-nocturnal-enuresis
#17
Marcin Tkaczyk, Michał Maternik, Anna Krakowska, Agnieszka Wosiak, Monika Miklaszewska, Katarzyna Zachwieja, Dariusz Runowski, Anna Jander, Dariusz Ratajczak, Agata Korzeniecka-Kozyrska, Izabella Mader-Wołyńska, Katarzyna Kiliś-Pstrusińska
INTRODUCTION: Advice (BBA) into the standards of patients' care in both monosymptomatic and non-monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. Although the idea of this recommendation was clear and reflects clinical experience, duration and efficacy have not been definitely established. Recent data have demonstrated the lack of efficacy of BBA and a fierce discussion has ensued. The present study was aimed to assess the efficacy of BBA in a group of previously untreated children with primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634021/mycoplasma-pneumoniae-and-health-outcomes-in-children-with-asthma
#18
Pamela R Wood, Jordan C Kampschmidt, Peter H Dube, Marianna P Cagle, Paola Chaparro, Norma S Ketchum, Thirumalai R Kannan, Harjinder Singh, Jay I Peters, Joel B Baseman, Edward G Brooks
BACKGROUND: Acute infections with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) have been associated with worsening asthma in children. Mp can be present in the respiratory tract for extended periods; it is unknown whether the long-term persistence of Mp in the respiratory tract affects long-term asthma control. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of Mp on asthma control. METHODS: We enrolled 31 pediatric subjects 3 to 10 years of age with persistent asthma who completed up to 8 visits over a 24-month period...
June 17, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632997/epidemiology-of-obesity-and-pharmacologic-treatment-options
#19
Vignesh Shettar, Sarang Patel, Srividya Kidambi
Prevalence of obesity and its related morbidity have increased to alarming levels in adults and children in the United States and globally. Weight loss results in improvement of much of the obesity-related morbidity. Lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications, increased physical activity, and behavioral therapy form the crux of weight management. However, many individuals need additional assistance (pharmacologic or surgical) to initiate or sustain weight loss. Pharmacologic therapy consists of a number of agents that work by decreasing appetite, gastric emptying, or nutrient absorption or by increasing satiety...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632983/a-descriptive-study-of-a-community-based-home-visiting-program-with-preschool-children-prenatally-exposed-to-alcohol
#20
Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sayma Malik, Julia Wellwood, Karen Johnston, Holly Gammon, Kathy N Andrew, Breann Maxwell, Sally Longstaffe
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) increases the risk of insecure caregiver-child attachment and related negative child emotional-behavioural outcomes. Research also shows positive effects of attachment-focused interventions in preventing disrupted caregiver-child attachment relationships; however, such interventions have not been specifically adapted for children with FASD. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the implementation, challenges, and results of a community home-based attachment intervention, Circle of Security® (COS), with preschool children affected by PAE/FASD in Manitoba, Canada...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
62494
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"