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Relative age effect in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431122/the-sense-study-treatment-mechanisms-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-improvement-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#1
Matthew Blake, Orli Schwartz, Joanna M Waloszek, Monika Raniti, Julian G Simmons, Greg Murray, Laura Blake, Ronald E Dahl, Richard Bootzin, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
Objective: The aim of this study was to test whether a cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based sleep intervention could improve sleep and anxiety on school nights in a group of at-risk adolescents. We also examined whether benefits to sleep and anxiety would be mediated by improvements in sleep hygiene awareness and pre-sleep hyperarousal. Method: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (Female=60%; Mean Age=14...
April 18, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430697/abusive-head-trauma-and-mortality-an-analysis-from-an-international-comparative-effectiveness-study-of-children-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Nikki Miller Ferguson, Ajit Sarnaik, Darryl Miles, Nadeem Shafi, Mark J Peters, Edward Truemper, Monica S Vavilala, Michael J Bell, Stephen R Wisniewski, James F Luther, Adam L Hartman, Patrick M Kochanek
OBJECTIVES: Small series have suggested that outcomes after abusive head trauma are less favorable than after other injury mechanisms. We sought to determine the impact of abusive head trauma on mortality and identify factors that differentiate children with abusive head trauma from those with traumatic brain injury from other mechanisms. DESIGN: First 200 subjects from the Approaches and Decisions in Acute Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury Trial-a comparative effectiveness study using an observational, cohort study design...
April 20, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430383/assessment-of-disease-specific-knowledge-in-australian-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-their-parents
#3
Andrew S Day, Gaithri Mylvaganam, Nollaig Shalloo, Cathy Clarkson, Steven T Leach, Daniel A Lemberg
AIMS: Disease-specific knowledge may influence disease outcome and quality of life in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This prospective study aimed to define IBD-related knowledge in a group of Australian children with IBD and their parents using a validated measure of disease-specific knowledge, the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Knowledge Inventory Device (IBD-KID). METHODS: Children (less than 18 years) diagnosed with IBD who were members of the Australian patient support organisation were identified...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429877/normal-weight-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-a-7-year-longitudinal-study-in-girls-from-prepuberty-to-early-adulthood
#4
Petri Wiklund, Timo Törmäkangas, Yi Shi, Na Wu, Aki Vainionpää, Markku Alen, Sulin Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To study whether normal-weight obesity in childhood is associated with increased cardiometabolic risk in early adulthood. METHODS: This study assessed data for 236 girls followed from prepuberty to early adulthood. Growth chart data were obtained from birth to 18 years. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and cardiometabolic risk by calculating continuous clustered risk score (at ages 11, 14, and 18). The association of body weight status with cardiometabolic risk from childhood to early adulthood was examined...
April 21, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429876/iodine-131-meta-iodobenzylguanidine-therapy-for-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-high-risk-neuroblastoma
#5
REVIEW
Kathelijne Cjm Kraal, Elvira C van Dalen, Godelieve Am Tytgat, Berthe Lf Van Eck-Smit
BACKGROUND: Patients with newly diagnosed high-risk (HR) neuroblastoma (NBL) still have a poor outcome, despite multi-modality intensive therapy. This poor outcome necessitates the search for new therapies, such as treatment with (131)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-MIBG). OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and adverse effects of (131)I-MIBG therapy in patients with newly diagnosed HR NBL. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; the Cochrane Library 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (PubMed) (1945 to 25 April 2016) and Embase (Ovid) (1980 to 25 April 2016)...
April 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429333/effect-of-lactobacillus-reuteri-dsm-17938-on-methane-production-in-patients-affected-by-functional-constipation-a-retrospective-study
#6
V Ojetti, C Petruzziello, A Migneco, M Gnarra, A Gasbarrini, F Franceschi
OBJECTIVE: Constipation is a common symptom affecting up to 30% of the Western population and is strongly associated with the presence of intestinal methanogens, which may directly inhibit motor activity. Two recent studies performed on adult and children affected by chronic constipation showed that the supplementation with L. reuteri significantly improved bowel movements. Whether its action is related to a decreasing of methane (CH4) production has never been tested. We have therefore designed a study aimed at testing this hypothesis...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427953/booster-seat-effectiveness-among-older-children-evidence-from-washington-state
#7
D Mark Anderson, Lindsay L Carlson, Daniel I Rees
INTRODUCTION: The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that children as old as 12 years use a booster seat when riding in motor vehicles, yet little is known about booster seat effectiveness when used by older children. This study estimated the association between booster use and injuries among children aged 8-12 years who were involved in motor vehicle crashes. METHODS: Researchers analyzed data on all motor vehicle crashes involving children aged 8-12 years reported to the Washington State Department of Transportation from 2002 to 2015...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426850/second-primary-malignant-neoplasms-and-survival-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#8
Theresa H M Keegan, Archie Bleyer, Aaron S Rosenberg, Qian Li, Melanie Goldfarb
Importance: Although the increased incidence of second primary malignant neoplasms (SPMs) is a well-known late effect after cancer, few studies have compared survival after an SPM to survival of the same cancer occurring as first primary malignant neoplasm (PM) by age. Objective: To assess the survival impact of SPMs in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) (15-39 years) compared with that of pediatric (<15 years) and older adult (≥40 years) patients with the same SPMs...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426828/consumption-of-fortified-infant-foods-reduces-dietary-diversity-but-has-a-positive-effect-on-subsequent-growth-in-infants-from-sumedang-district-indonesia
#9
Aly Diana, Simonette R Mallard, Jillian J Haszard, Dwi Monik Purnamasari, Ikrimah Nurulazmi, Pratami D Herliani, Gaga I Nugraha, Rosalind S Gibson, Lisa Houghton
Stunting and underweight among under-five children in Indonesia are common, raising public health concerns. Whether inappropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices compromise optimal growth during late infancy in Indonesia is uncertain. Therefore we characterized and evaluated CF practices in Indonesian infants and investigated their relationship with subsequent growth. We enrolled breastfed infants at 6 months of age (n = 230); and followed them at 9 (n = 202) and 12 months of age (n = 190). We collected socio-demographic and anthropometric data and two-day in-home weighed food records...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426748/tails-of-the-travelling-gaussian-model-and-the-relative-age-effect-tales-of-age-discrimination-and-wasted-talent
#10
John R Doyle, Paul A Bottomley, Rob Angell
The Relative Age Effect (RAE) documents the inherent disadvantages of being younger rather than older in an age-banded cohort, typically a school- or competition-year, to the detriment of career-progression, earnings and wellbeing into adulthood. We develop the Tails of the Travelling Gaussian (TTG) to model the mechanisms behind RAE. TTG has notable advantages over existing approaches, which have been largely descriptive, potentially confounded, and non-comparable across contexts. In Study 1, using data from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, we investigate the different levels of RAE bias across school-level academic subjects and "personality" traits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426248/variability-in-neurocognitive-performance-age-gender-and-school-related-differences-in-children-and-from-ages-6-to-12
#11
Renata Kochhann, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Janice da Rosa Pureza, Vanisa Fante Viapiana, Flavia Dos Passos Fonseca, Rochele Paz Fonseca, Jerusa Fumagali Salles
Cognitive development in children presents peculiarities according to groups of age, gender, and type of school. Few studies have been investigating the effects of all these factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the main effects and the interactions of age, gender, and type of school in 419 children from ages 6 to 12 years old evaluated by the Child Brief Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NEUPSILIN-Inf). Older children, children in private schools and girls presented better results. Interactions between all three independent variables were observed in different cognitive domains...
April 20, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424644/the-association-between-parenting-behavior-and-executive-functioning-in-children-and-young-adolescents
#12
Zrinka Sosic-Vasic, Julia Kröner, Sibylle Schneider, Nenad Vasic, Manfred Spitzer, Judith Streb
Executive functioning (EF) is associated with various aspects of school achievement and cognitive development in children and adolescents. There has been substantial research investigating associations between EF and other factors in young children, such as support processes and parenting, but less research has been conducted about external factors relating to EF in older children and adolescents. Therefore, the present study investigates one possible factor that could correlate with EF in school-age children and adolescents: parenting behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424157/childhood-adversity-and-risk-of-suicide-cohort-study-of-548%C3%A2-721-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#13
Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou, Emma Björkenstam
Objective To examine the relation between childhood adversity, the role of school performance, and childhood psychopathology and the risk of suicide.Design Cohort study of register based indicators of childhood adversity (at ages 0-14) including death in the family (suicide analysed separately), parental substance abuse, parental psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation/single parent household, receipt of public assistance, and residential instability.Setting Swedish medical birth register and various Swedish population based registers...
April 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423476/dietary-patterns-and-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-secondary-analysis-of-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#14
Victoria Coathup, Kate Northstone, Ron Gray, Simon Wheeler, Lesley Smith
BACKGROUND: Large general population surveys show that heavy regular and episodic alcohol consumption are associated with lower intakes of fruits and vegetables, and higher intakes of processed and fried meat. This is of particular concern regarding pregnant women, as both alcohol intake and inadequate maternal nutrition are independently associated with adverse fetal outcomes. The current study aimed to determine associations between maternal dietary patterns and alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422642/detection-and-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-by-occupational-therapy-practitioners-addressing-racial-disparity-in-diagnosis
#15
Varleisha D Gibbs
As the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) continues to rise, racial disparities remain in age of diagnosis and initiation of treatment. Therefore, occupational therapy practitioners should examine cultural perceptions related to disparities in ASD diagnosis. This article investigates the role that practitioners may play in this disparity by asking, "Are occupational therapy practitioners contributing to the late diagnosis of children with ASD who are members of particular racial or ethnic groups?" Correlations among practitioners' detection of symptoms, parents' perceptions, and evaluator influences are investigated...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421136/time-from-pre-eclampsia-diagnosis-to-delivery-affects-future-health-prospects-of-children
#16
Birgitte Hollegaard, Jacob A Lykke, Jacobus J Boomsma
Background and objectives: Pre-eclampsia often has detrimental health effects for pregnant women and their fetuses, but whether exposure in the womb has long-term health-consequences for children as they grow up remains poorly understood. We assessed overall morbidity of children following exposure to either mild or severe pre-eclampsia up to 30 years after birth and related disease risks to duration of exposure, i.e. the time from diagnosis to delivery. Methodology: We did a registry-based retrospective cohort study in Denmark covering the years 1979-2009, using the separate diagnoses of mild and severe pre-eclampsia and the duration of exposure as predictor variables for specific and overall risks of later disease...
2017: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421010/teacher-evaluations-of-executive-functioning-in-schoolchildren-aged-9-12-and-the-influence-of-age-sex-level-of-parental-education
#17
Marleen A J van Tetering, Jelle Jolles
Executive functions (EFs) develop over the period of early childhood and adolescence up until young adulthood. Individual children differ substantially in the pace at which their EFs develop, and characteristics such as sex and the level of parental education (LPE) are thought to contribute to these differences. In the present study, we assessed age-related changes in EFs as perceived and evaluated by teachers and parents as well as the influence of sex and LPE on their evaluations. We used a newly developed observer-report questionnaire, the Amsterdam Executive Function Inventory (AEFI)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420280/enteric-coated-budesonide-for-the-induction-and-maintenance-of-remission-of-crohn-s-disease-in-children
#18
Stanley A Cohen, Marina Aloi, Ramalingam Arumugam, Robert Baker, Kevin Bax, Jaroslaw Kierkuś, Sibylle Koletzko, Paolo Lionetti, Tore Persson, Stefan Eklund
OBJECTIVE: These studies evaluated the safety and efficacy of enteric-coated budesonide for the induction and maintenance of remission of mild-to-moderate Crohn's disease (CD) in children. METHODS: The consecutive, multicenter, open-label, non-comparative studies enrolled patients aged 6-17 years. In the induction study, patients with active CD of the ileum and/or ascending colon received budesonide 9 mg or 6 mg once daily for 8 weeks; in the maintenance study, patients in remission received budesonide 6 mg once daily for 12 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419671/pediatric-oral-injuries-presented-to-a-japanese-pediatric-emergency-room
#19
Nobuaki Inoue
BACKGROUND: Oral injuries are common among children, but the study comparing oral injuries between oral injuries with foreign objects in children's mouth and without objects is limited. The aim of this study is to compare injury patterns and their effects to children who presented to a Japanese pediatric emergency room (ER) with and without foreign objects in their mouth. METHODS: Children who were brought to the emergency room in Tokyo Metropolitan Medical Center for oral injuries from January 1(st) , 2011 to December 31(st) , 2012, were included...
April 17, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419095/effectiveness-of-a-live-oral-human-rotavirus-vaccine-after-programmatic-introduction-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#20
K Zaman, David A Sack, Kathleen M Neuzil, Mohammad Yunus, Lawrence H Moulton, Jonathan D Sugimoto, Jessica A Fleming, Ilias Hossain, Shams El Arifeen, Tasnim Azim, Mustafizur Rahman, Kristen D C Lewis, Andrea J Feller, Firdausi Qadri, M Elizabeth Halloran, Alejandro Cravioto, John C Victor
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccines are now globally recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), but in early 2009 WHO's Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization reviewed available data and concluded that there was no evidence for the efficacy or effectiveness of a two-dose schedule of the human rotavirus vaccine (HRV; Rotarix) given early at 6 and 10 wk of age. Additionally, the effectiveness of programmatic rotavirus vaccination, including possible indirect effects, has not been assessed in low-resource populations in Asia...
April 2017: PLoS Medicine
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