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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458747/sex-specific-associations-between-extreme-sleep-duration-and-prevalence-of-cardio-cerebral-vascular-disease-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Juzhong Ke, Xianfeng Zhou, Hua Qiu, Siyu Yu, Kang Wu, Xinyi Rui, Xiaonan Wang, Xiaolin Liu, Tao Lin, Xiaonan Ruan
BACKGROUND: Most previous studies on sleep duration and cardio-cerebral vascular disease (CCVD) association have not adequately controlled for many confounders. The current study prospectively examined the association of sleep duration with CCVD prevalence in a Chinese community population; cardiovascular risk factors, chronic diseases, and sleep quality were taken into consideration. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted in Pudong New Area of Shanghai, China...
February 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457208/children-deserve-smoke-free-world
#2
REVIEW
R Remesh Kumar, P R Jayakumar, R Krishna Mohan
Tobacco smoke, active or passive exposure was the major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality in the world during twentieth century and will continue to be the same in the twenty-first century also if the current trends continue. Both active and passive smoking are having significance in relation to child health. Exposure starts antenatally from placenta to the fetus and later phases through passive exposure to experimental and regular smoking and ultimately addiction and habitual smoking. Evidences are in favour of causal relationship with intrauterine growth restriction, sudden infant death syndrome, decreased pulmonary function, increased risk for respiratory tract infection, otitis media, wheeze, asthma, neurobehavioral disorders, cleft palate and triggering pathogenesis of fetal and childhood onset of adult diseases, especially pulmonary and cardio vascular diseases...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439446/the-t2238c-human-atrial-natriuretic-peptide-molecular-variant-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Speranza Rubattu, Sebastiano Sciarretta, Simona Marchitti, Franca Bianchi, Maurizio Forte, Massimo Volpe
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a cardiac hormone which plays important functions to maintain cardio-renal homeostasis. The peptide structure is highly conserved among species. However, a few gene variants are known to fall within the human ANP gene. The variant rs5065 (T2238C) exerts the most substantial effects. The T to C transition at the 2238 position of the gene (13-23% allele frequency in the general population) leads to the production of a 30-, instead of 28-, amino-acid-long α-carboxy-terminal peptide...
February 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433433/epicardial-adipose-tissue-is-related-to-arterial-stiffness-and-inflammation-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes
#4
Shaween Al-Talabany, Ify Mordi, J Graeme Houston, Helen M Colhoun, Jonathan R Weir-McCall, Shona Z Matthew, Helen C Looker, Daniel Levin, Jill J F Belch, Fiona Dove, Faisel Khan, Chim C Lang
BACKGROUND: Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is an emerging cardio-metabolic risk factor and has been shown to correlate with adverse cardiovascular (CV) outcome; however the underlying pathophysiology of this link is not well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between EAT and a comprehensive panel of cardiovascular risk biomarkers and pulse wave velocity (PWV) and indexed left ventricular mass (LVMI) in a cohort of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes compared to controls...
February 13, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417018/lacunae-in-noncommunicable-disease-control-program-need-to-focus-on-adherence-issues
#5
Tarundeep Singh, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Gopal Singh Moond
Introduction: Chronic non communicable diseases in India have increased in magnitude with earlier onset and more likelihood of complications. Much emphasis is given to early diagnosis and timely treatment. Additionally, tertiary prevention through medication adherence is needed to limit disability and prevent early onset of complications. This study was aimed to assess the magnitude of medication and lifestyle adherence among elderly patients suffering from diabetes and hypertension in rural areas of Punjab...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413668/qtc-prolongation-increased-nt-probnp-and-pre-clinical-myocardial-wall-remodeling-in-excessive-alcohol-consumers-the-sabpa-study
#6
Annemarie Wentzel, Leoné Malan, Jacobus D Scheepers, Nicolaas T Malan
Alcohol contributes greatly to vascular and structural modifications. Due to differences in the metabolism and tolerance of alcohol between ethnic groups, the manner of these modifications may differ. We investigated the association between alcohol consumption - measured via ethnic-specific gamma glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) cut-points - and markers of cardiac perfusion, electrical activity, and pre-clinical structural alterations. A South African target population study was performed in a bi-ethnic cohort (n = 405)...
September 14, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408673/platelet-derived-microparticles-analysis-techniques-challenges-and-recommendations
#7
REVIEW
Jyotsna Kailashiya
Platelet-derived microparticles (PMP) are nano size fragments (100-1000 nm) released from platelets under various physiological and pathological conditions. PMP are the most abundant microparticles present in human blood. In recent past years PMP have caught attention of many clinicians as well as researchers for being associated with many diseases like cardio-vascular diseases, infections etc; and have emerged as potential biomarkers. Owing to their small size and diverse phenotype, structure and functions, microparticles including PMP render many challenges during sample handling, estimation and characterization...
February 1, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399333/cardio-oncology-mechanisms-of-cardiovascular-toxicity
#8
REVIEW
Timothy M Markman, Maurie Markman
The therapeutic options available to treat a wide range of malignancies are rapidly increasing. At the same time, the population being treated is aging with more cardiovascular risk factors, comorbid conditions, and associated poor cardiac reserve. Both traditional chemotherapeutic agents (for example, anthracyclines) and newer therapies (for example, targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors and immune checkpoint inhibitors) have demonstrated profound cardiovascular toxicities. It is important to understand the mechanisms of these toxicities to establish strategies for the prevention and management of complications-arrhythmias, heart failure, and even death...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398680/screening-validity-of-arterial-pressure-volume-index-and-arterial-velocity-pulse-index-for-preclinical-atherosclerosis-in-japanese-community-dwelling-adults-the-nagasaki-islands-study
#9
Hirotomo Yamanashi, Jun Koyamatsu, Mako Nagayoshi, Yuji Shimizu, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Hideaki Kondo, Shoichi Fukui, Mami Tamai, Takahiro Maeda
AIM: The arterial pressure-volume index (API) and arterial velocity-pulse index (AVI) are novel measurement indices of arterial stiffness. This study was performed to examine the screening validity of the API and AVI for preclinical atherosclerosis in Japanese community-dwelling adults. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 2,809 participants aged ≥40 years who underwent Japanese national medical check-ups from 2014 to 2016. Preclinical atherosclerosis was defined as a mean carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) of ≥1...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397593/-chinese-expert-consensus-on-the-use-of-xuezhikang-2017-revised-edition
#10
(no author information available yet)
Xuezhikang, a Chinese traditional medicine, contains natural statin and is effective on dyslipidemia by inhibiting cholesterol synthesis. Xuezhikang therapy for 8 weeks in patients with hyperlipidemia reduced total cholesterol (TC) by 23%, low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by 28.5% and triglyceride(TG) by 36.5%, and increased high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) by 19.6%, respectively. Data from China Coronary Secondary Prevention Study (CCSPS) showed that treatment with Xuezhikang lowered the risks of major coronary events, death from coronary heart disease, and all cause death in patients with myocardial infarction, indicating that Xuezhikang can be used in the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396691/the-adolescent-cardio-renal-intervention-trial-addit-retinal-vascular-geometry-and-renal-function-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Paul Z Benitez-Aguirre, Tien Y Wong, Maria E Craig, Elizabeth A Davis, Andrew Cotterill, Jennifer J Couper, Fergus J Cameron, Farid H Mahmud, Tim W Jones, Lauren A B Hodgson, R Neil Dalton, David B Dunger, Kim C Donaghue
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We examined the hypothesis that elevation in urinary albumin creatinine ratio (ACR) in adolescents with type 1 diabetes is associated with abnormal retinal vascular geometry (RVG) phenotypes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study at baseline of the relationship between ACR within the normoalbuminuric range and RVG in 963 adolescents aged 14.4 ± 1.6 years with type 1 diabetes (median duration 6.5 years) screened for participation in AdDIT. A validated algorithm was used to categorise log10 ACR into tertiles: upper tertile ACR was defined as 'high-risk' for future albuminuria and the lower two tertiles were deemed 'low-risk'...
February 2, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385774/an-advanced-bio-inspired-photoplethysmography-ppg-and-ecg-pattern-recognition-system-for-medical-assessment
#12
Francesco Rundo, Sabrina Conoci, Alessandro Ortis, Sebastiano Battiato
Physiological signals are widely used to perform medical assessment for monitoring an extensive range of pathologies, usually related to cardio-vascular diseases. Among these, both PhotoPlethysmoGraphy (PPG) and Electrocardiography (ECG) signals are those more employed. PPG signals are an emerging non-invasive measurement technique used to study blood volume pulsations through the detection and analysis of the back-scattered optical radiation coming from the skin. ECG is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin...
January 30, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384050/polyphenols-potential-use-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#13
Rosaria Vincenza Giglio, Angelo Maria Patti, Arrigo Fg Cicero, Giuseppe Lippi, Manfredi Rizzo, Peter P Toth, Maciej Banach
BACKGROUND: Polyphenols are bioactive compounds that can be found mostly in foods like fruits, cereals, vegetables, dry legumes, chocolate and beverages such as coffee, tea and wine. They are extensively used in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) providing protection against many chronic illnesses. Their effects on human health depend on the amount consumed and on their bioavailability. Many studies have demonstrated that polyphenols have also good effects on the vascular system by lowering blood pressure, improving endothelial function, increasing antioxidant defences, inhibiting platelet aggregation and low-density lipoprotein oxidation, and reducing inflammatory responses...
January 29, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381982/metabolic-acidosis-of-chronic-kidney-disease-and-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-markers-friend-or-foe
#14
Cristina Căpuşă, Gabriel Ştefan, Simona Stancu, Mariana Lipan, Lilach Daniel Tsur, Gabriel Mircescu
The effect of chronic metabolic acidosis (MA) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the setting of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is largely unknown. Therefore, we aimed to study this relationship in nondialysis CKD patients.This cross-sectional, single-center study prospectively enrolled 95 clinically stable CKD patients (median age 61 (58, 65) years, 60% male, median eGFR 27 (22, 32) mL/min). Data on CKD etiology, CVD history, CVD traditional, and nontraditional risk factors were obtained. Also, markers of subclinical CVD were assessed: intima-media thickness (IMT), abdominal aortic calcifications (Kauppila score-AACs), cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), ankle-brachial index (ABI), ejection fraction, and interventricular septum thickness...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370849/predictors-of-one-year-mortality-after-hospitalization-for-an-exacerbation-of-copd
#15
Cristóbal Esteban, Ady Castro-Acosta, Carlos Jose Alvarez-Martínez, Alberto Capelastegui, José Luis López-Campos, Francisco Pozo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization for a severe exacerbation of COPD (eCOPD) is an important event in the natural history of COPD. Identifying factors related to mortality 1 year after hospitalization could help determine interventions to reduce mortality. METHODS: In a prospective, observational, multicentre study, we evaluated data from two cohorts: the Spanish audit of hospital COPD exacerbation care (our derivation sample) and the Spanish cohort of the European audit of COPD exacerbation care (our validation sample)...
January 25, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365784/oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-response-genes-in-mirna-mediated-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-genome-crosstalk-associated-with-cardio-vascular-diseases
#16
Sofya Timofeeva, Elena Butenko, Dmitriy Romanov, Tatiana Shkurat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365445/cardio-ankle-vascular-index-is-a-predictor-of-all-cause-mortality-and-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-after-successful-revascularization
#17
Yuya Sudo, Toru Miyoshi, Shohei Hara, Naoaki Matsuo, Masahiro Sogo, Satoko Ugawa, Tomoaki Okada, Kazumasa Nosaka, Masahiro Takahashi, Keisuke Okawa, Kosuke Sakane, Masayuki Doi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362496/the-microrna-regulatory-landscape-of-msc-derived-exosomes-a-systems-view
#18
Scott W Ferguson, Jinli Wang, Christine J Lee, Maixian Liu, Sriram Neelamegham, John M Canty, Juliane Nguyen
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived exosomes mediate tissue regeneration in a variety of diseases including ischemic heart injury, liver fibrosis, and cerebrovascular disease. Despite an increasing number of studies reporting the therapeutic effects of MSC exosomes, the underlying molecular mechanisms and their miRNA complement are poorly characterized. Here we microRNA (miRNA)-profiled MSC exosomes and conducted a network analysis to identify the dominant biological processes and pathways modulated by exosomal miRNAs...
January 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354803/current-advances-in-circulating-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-atherosclerosis-and-related-cardio-cerebrovascular-diseases
#19
Jun-Xuan Lv, Qi Kong, Xin Ma
Atherosclerosis (AS) is a systemic chronic disease affecting both the coronary and cerebral arteries. Inflammation plays a key role in the initiation and progression of AS, and numerous inflammatory factors have been proposed as potential biomarkers. This article reviews recent research in studies on major circulating inflammatory biomarkers to identify surrogates that may reflect processes associated with AS development and the risk of AS-related vascular events, such as Von Willebrand factor, lectin-like oxidized low-density-lipoprotein receptor-1, soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor, regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted, and microparticles, which may provide new perspectives for clinical AS evaluation and risk stratification...
December 2017: Chronic Diseases and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332863/lipid-parameters-are-independently-associated-with-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-cavi-in-healthy-japanese-subjects
#20
Daiji Nagayama, Yasuhiro Watanabe, Atsuhito Saiki, Kohji Shirai, Ichiro Tatsuno
AIM: To investigate the associations of conventional lipid parameters with arterial stiffness assessed by cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI). METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in 23,257 healthy Japanese subjects (12,729 men and 10,528 women, aged 47.1±12.5 years, body mass index (BMI) 22.9±3.4 kg/m2) who underwent health screening between 2004 and 2006 in Japan. RESULTS: Male subjects had significantly higher BMI, CAVI and triglycerides (TG), and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) compared to female subjects...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
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