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Mindful interventions and depression, anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779791/effectiveness-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-nursing-workers
#1
Shirlene Aparecida Lopes, Bruna Pesce Vannucchi, Marcelo Demarzo, Ângelo Geraldo José Cunha, Maria do Patrocínio Tenório Nunes
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a prevalent disorder in nursing workers worldwide. Several studies have proposed measures to mitigate this critical scenario. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) have been found to have promising results in the treatment of this disorder. AIMS: To quantify the effectiveness of an adapted mindfulness program (AMP) in the management of musculoskeletal pain (MSP) in nursing technicians of a Brazilian university hospital. DESIGN: This study was a clinical, prospective, open, repeated measures trial, with data collection between January and July 2015...
May 17, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747712/remote-delivery-of-psychological-interventions-for-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Caitlin Swalwell, Nancy A Pachana, Nadeeka N Dissanayaka
ABSTRACTObjective:Over two-thirds of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients experience comorbid neuropsychiatric symptoms, which adversely impact their quality of life and often require intervention. There is a preference for non-pharmacological, psychological approaches in addressing these symptoms. Given mobility limitations, travel burden, and cost, accessibility to psychological treatment can be problematic in this population. There has been a recent shift toward delivering care via telehealth in PD. Accordingly, this review aimed to examine remotely delivered psychological interventions for PD patients...
May 11, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704969/a-pilot-study-of-emotion-regulation-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-and-depression-findings-from-a-diverse-sample-of-young-adults
#4
Megan E Renna, Jean M Quintero, Ariella Soffer, Martin Pino, Leslie Ader, David M Fresco, Douglas S Mennin
Emotion regulation therapy (ERT) for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and accompanying major depressive disorder (MDD) is a theoretically derived, evidence-based treatment that integrates principles from traditional and contemporary cognitive-behavioral and experiential approaches with basic and translational findings from affect science to offer a blueprint for improving intervention by focusing on the motivational responses and corresponding self-referential regulatory characteristics. Preliminary evidence supports the efficacy of a 20-session version of ERT...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700350/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-or-psychoeducation-for-the-reduction-of-menopausal-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Carmen Wong, Benjamin Hon-Kei Yip, Ting Gao, Kitty Yu Yuk Lam, Doris Mei Sum Woo, Annie Lai King Yip, Chloe Yu Chin, Winnie Pui Yin Tang, Mandy Mun Tse Choy, Katrina Wai Key Tsang, Suzanne C Ho, Helen Shuk Wah Ma, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
Psychological and behavioural interventions may be effective in reducing menopause-related symptoms. This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) in reducing menopause-related symptoms by comparing with an active control group, the menopause education control (MEC). Symptomatic peri-menopausal and post-menopausal women with mild to moderate symptoms were recruited. The primary outcome was overall menopausal symptoms measured by modified Greene Climacteric Scale (GCS)...
April 26, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696216/effectiveness-of-intensive-smoking-reduction-counselling-plus-combination-nicotine-replacement-therapy-in-promoting-long-term-abstinence-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-not-ready-to-quit-smoking-protocol-of-the-reduq-trial
#6
Petra Hagens, Marcel Pieterse, Paul van der Valk, Job van der Palen
Introduction: Limited tobacco dependence treatment resources exist for smoking COPD patients not ready to quit. Smoking reduction may be a viable treatment approach if it prompts quit attempts and subsequent abstinence. This article describes the protocol of the REDUQ (REDUce and Quit) study, which examines whether smoking reduction counselling plus combination nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is (cost-)effective in achieving long-term abstinence in smoking COPD patients not ready to quit...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695175/effects-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-prenatal-stress-anxiety-and-depression
#7
Jia-Yuan Zhang, Yu-Xia Cui, Yu-Qiu Zhou, Ying-Li Li
Low well-being is common among Chinese pregnant women but few effective interventions currently exist to improve prenatal stress and negative emotions. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has been proved to be effective in reducing stress and rarely studies were focused on Chinese pregnant women. The aim of the current paper is to investigate the effects of 8-week MBSR on prenatal stress, anxiety and depression among Chinese pregnant women. A sample of 66 pregnant women randomly allocated into either the MBSR group (n=34) or the control group (n=32)...
April 26, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694316/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-in-adolescents-with-mental-disorders-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#8
Mª C Díaz-González, Carolina Pérez Dueñas, Araceli Sánchez-Raya, Juan A Moriana Elvira, Vicente Sánchez Vázquez
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is a strong movement to implement mindfulness interventions with young people. The objective of this randomised clinical trial was to assess the potential effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) programme for adolescent outpatients in mental health facilities in Cordoba, Spain. METHOD: A total of 101 adolescents aged 13-16 years old, receiving psychological or psychiatric treatment for various disorders, were eligible for the study...
May 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690786/feasibility-study-to-assess-the-effect-of-a-brief-mindfulness-intervention-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Linda Perkins-Porras, Muhammad Riaz, Adeoba Okekunle, Svitlana Zhelezna, Indranil Chakravorty, Michael Ussher
Psychological distress is common among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study aimed to assess whether a 10-minute mindfulness intervention reduces distress and breathlessness, improves mood and increases mindfulness among hospital inpatients following acute exacerbation of COPD.Fifty patients were recruited following an acute admission. The immediate effects of a 10-minute mindfulness-based body scan were compared with a control intervention. Participants were randomized to receive either a mindfulness-based body scan ( n = 24) or a control condition ( n = 26) via a 10-minute audio recording...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679670/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-combined-with-virtual-reality-cue-exposure-for-methamphetamine-addiction-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
XiJing Chen, Dongmei Wang, Lidan Zhou, Markus Winkler, Paul Pauli, Nan Sui, Yonghui Li
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) is a method that combines cognitive behavioral relapse prevention with mindfulness practice. Research shows that MBRP can effectively reduce negative emotions and craving in people with substance use disorders (SUDs). An important part of MBRP is to practice mindfulness meditation to cope with high-risk situations for relapse, such as stimuli and situations associated with drug taking. Virtual reality cue exposure (VRCE) may be a complementary approach to MBRP as it allows for controlled and graded presentations of various high-risk situations with distal and proximal drug cues...
April 18, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676960/psychotherapy-targeting-depression-and-anxiety-for-use-in-palliative-care-a-meta-analysis
#11
Jessica J Fulton, Amie R Newins, Laura S Porter, Katherine Ramos
BACKGROUND: Research on the effectiveness of evidence-based practices in the treatment of depression and anxiety with palliative care populations is primarily limited to individuals having specific conditions such as cancer. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined the effect of psychotherapy on depression and anxiety among individuals with any condition appropriate for palliative care. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases until August 2017...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662331/psychosocial-distress-and-the-preferred-method-of-delivery-of-mind-body-interventions-among-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#12
Pinky Budhrani-Shani, Nicole G Chau, Donna L Berry
Objective: To describe the psychosocial distress of head-and-neck cancer patients at the completion of therapy and the interest in and the preferred method of delivery of mind-body interventions (MBIs) among head-and-neck cancer patients. Materials and methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used to measure sleep disturbance, depression, anxiety, and the interest in and the preference for MBIs using anonymous, self-report questionnaires among a convenience sample of 30 males at their 3-month follow-up...
2018: Patient related Outcome Measures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653295/feasibility-of-a-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-group-intervention-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-postpartum-depression-and-anxiety
#13
Barbara Shulman, Royce Dueck, Deirdre Ryan, Genevieve Breau, Isabel Sadowski, Shaila Misri
BACKGROUND: Many women experience moderate-to-severe depression and anxiety in the postpartum period for which pharmacotherapy is often the first-line treatment. Many breastfeeding mothers are reticent to increase their dose or consider additional medication, despite incomplete response, due to potential adverse effects on their newborn. These mothers are amenable to non-pharmacological intervention for complete symptom remission. The current study evaluated the feasibility of an eight-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention as an adjunctive treatment for postpartum depression and anxiety...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606143/evaluation-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-life-and-a-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-stress-management-workshop-to-improve-healthcare-staff-stress-study-protocol-for-two-randomised-controlled-trials
#14
Clara Strauss, Jenny Gu, Nikki Pitman, Cavita Chapman, Willem Kuyken, Adrian Whittington
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers experience higher levels of work-related stress and higher rates of sickness absence than workers in other sectors. Psychological approaches have potential in providing healthcare workers with the knowledge and skills to recognise stress and to manage stress effectively. The strongest evidence for effectiveness in reducing stress in the workplace is for stress-management courses based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) principles and mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
April 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599851/potential-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-in-improving-sleep-and-distress
#15
Way K W Lau, Mei-Kei Leung, Yun-Kwok Wing, Tatia M C Lee
The mechanisms of mindfulness-improved sleep quality are not extensively studied. Recently, attention monitoring/awareness and acceptance in mindfulness have been proposed to be the underlying mechanisms that tackle distress and related disorders. The current study tested if acceptance moderated the relationship of awareness with psychological distress and sleep quality, and verified that psychological distress mediated the relationship between mindfulness and sleep quality in a group of community-dwelling healthy adults...
2018: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581519/internet-delivered-mindfulness-for-people-with-depression-and-chronic-pain-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#16
Jasmine Heath Hearn, Katherine Anne Finlay
STUDY DESIGN: Between-subjects, randomized controlled feasibility study. OBJECTIVES: Populations with reduced sensory and motor function are at increased risk of depression, anxiety and pain, and may be less geographically mobile. This study explored the efficacy and feasibility of web-based mindfulness training for people with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: UK community sample. METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated to an 8-week online mindfulness intervention (N = 36), or to internet-delivered psychoeducation (N = 31)...
March 26, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578373/the-application-of-mbsr-in-a-stress-management-intervention-in-a-study-of-a-mining-sector-company
#17
Dorota Molek-Winiarska, Dorota Żołnierczyk-Zreda
PURPOSE: The aim of the article was to check if mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) is an effective intervention in reducing work-related stress in the case of workers of a copper mine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 66 employees were randomized to the experimental group (32 participants) or to the control group (34 participants). Work-related stress was measured using Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) (Karasek, 1979) and mental health was measured using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) (Goldberg, 1990)...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573593/the-evidence-base-for-psychological-interventions-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#18
REVIEW
Louise Prothero, Elizabeth Barley, James Galloway, Sofia Georgopoulou, Jackie Sturt
BACKGROUND: Psychological interventions are an important but often overlooked adjunctive treatment option for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Findings from systematic reviews of psychological interventions for this patient group are conflicting. A systematic review of reviews can explain inconsistencies between studies and provide a clearer understanding of the effects of interventions. OBJECTIVES: To: 1) determine the effectiveness of psychological interventions in improving biopsychosocial outcomes for adults with rheumatoid arthritis, 2) determine the relationship between the intensity of the psychological interventions (number of sessions, duration of sessions, duration of intervention) on outcomes, and 3) assess the impact of comparator group (usual care, education only) on outcomes...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563100/effect-of-tai-chi-versus-aerobic-exercise-for-fibromyalgia-comparative-effectiveness-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chenchen Wang, Christopher H Schmid, Roger A Fielding, William F Harvey, Kieran F Reid, Lori Lyn Price, Jeffrey B Driban, Robert Kalish, Ramel Rones, Timothy McAlindon
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of tai chi interventions compared with aerobic exercise, a current core standard treatment in patients with fibromyalgia, and to test whether the effectiveness of tai chi depends on its dosage or duration. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, 52 week, single blind comparative effectiveness trial. SETTING: Urban tertiary care academic hospital in the United States between March 2012 and September 2016...
March 21, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549820/resiliency-is-independently-associated-with-greater-quality-of-life-among-informal-caregivers-to-neuroscience-intensive-care-unit-patients
#20
Emily L Zale, Tessa J Heinhuis, Tara Tehan, Danielle Salgueiro, Jonathan Rosand, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
OBJECTIVE: Every year, millions of Americans become informal caregivers to loved ones admitted to Neuroscience Intensive Care Units (Neuro-ICU), and face challenges to Quality of Life (QoL). This study sought to identify associations between resiliency, distress, and caregiver QoL at time of Neuro-ICU admission. METHODS: Informal caregivers (N = 79, Mage  = 53, 64% female) of Neuro-ICU patients were recruited and completed self-report questionnaires during the hospitalization...
May 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
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