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Mindful interventions and depression, anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345803/effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-shame-self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-anxious-and-depressed-patients-a-pilot-study
#1
Michael Proeve, Rebekah Anton, Maura Kenny
OBJECTIVES: The tendency to experience shame or guilt is associated differentially with anxiety and depression, with shame being associated with greater psychopathology. Correlational studies have shown self-compassion to be related to lower shame and rumination, and mindfulness-based interventions increase self-compassion. Therefore, mindfulness-based interventions may decrease shame. This pilot study aimed to assess the association of shame, rumination, self-compassion, and psychological distress and the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on these measures in a clinical sample...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343935/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-bipolar-affective-disorder-a-case-series
#2
Suvarna Shirish Joshi, Mahendra Prakash Sharma, Shivarama Varambally
The present investigation was undertaken to examine the effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on interepisodic symptoms, emotional regulation, and quality of life in patients with bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) in remission. The sample for the study comprised a total of five patients with the diagnosis of BPAD in partial or complete remission. Each patient was screened to fit the inclusion and exclusion criteria and later assessed on the Beck Depressive Inventory I, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, and The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment-BREF...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306117/difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-in-treatment-seeking-alcoholics-with-and-without-co-occurring-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#3
Clara M Bradizza, Whitney C Brown, Melanie U Ruszczyk, Kurt H Dermen, Joseph F Lucke, Paul R Stasiewicz
Emotion regulation difficulties (ERD) are known to underlie mental health conditions including anxiety and depressive disorders and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Although AUD, mood, and anxiety disorders commonly co-occur, no study has examined the association between these disorders and ERD among AUD outpatients. In the current study, emotion regulation (ER) scores of AUD individuals with no co-occurring mental health condition were compared to the ER scores of individuals who met diagnostic criteria for co-occurring mood and/or anxiety disorders...
December 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299495/first-use-of-a-brief-60-second-mindfulness-exercise-in-an-orthopedic-surgical-practice-results-from-a-pilot-study
#4
Emma Chad-Friedman, Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, David Ring, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
Background: Mindfulness based interventions may be useful for patients with musculoskeletal conditions in orthopedic surgical practices as adjuncts to medical procedures or alternatives to pain medications. However, typical mindfulness programs are lengthy and impractical in busy surgical practices. We tested the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary effect of a brief, 60-second mindfulness video in reducing pain and negative emotions in patients presenting to an orthopedics surgical practice...
November 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291584/effects-of-mindfulness-exercises-as-stand-alone-intervention-on-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Paul Blanck, Sarah Perleth, Thomas Heidenreich, Paula Kröger, Beate Ditzen, Hinrich Bents, Johannes Mander
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are currently well established in psychotherapy with meta-analyses demonstrating their efficacy. In these multifaceted interventions, the concrete performance of mindfulness exercises is typically integrated in a larger therapeutic framework. Thus, it is unclear whether stand-alone mindfulness exercises (SAMs) without such a framework are beneficial, as well. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the effects of SAMs on symptoms of anxiety and depression...
December 20, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275839/the-multifaceted-role-of-the-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-in-emotion-decision-making-social-cognition-and-psychopathology
#6
REVIEW
Jaryd Hiser, Michael Koenigs
The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) has been implicated in a variety of social, cognitive, and affective functions that are commonly disrupted in mental illness. In this review, we summarize data from a diverse array of human and animal studies demonstrating that the vmPFC is a key node of cortical and subcortical networks that subserve at least three broad domains of psychological function linked to psychopathology. One track of research indicates that the vmPFC is critical for the representation of reward- and value-based decision making, through interactions with the ventral striatum and amygdala...
November 20, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250012/the-effectiveness-of-a-body-affective-mindfulness-intervention-for-multiple-sclerosis-patients-with-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Sara Carletto, Valentina Tesio, Martina Borghi, Diana Francone, Francesco Scavelli, Gabriella Bertino, Simona Malucchi, Antonio Bertolotto, Francesco Oliva, Riccardo Torta, Luca Ostacoli
Purpose: Mindfulness interventions have been shown to treat depressive symptoms and improve quality of life in patients with several chronic diseases, including multiple sclerosis, but to date most evaluation of the effectiveness of mindfulness interventions in multiple sclerosis have used patients receiving standard care as the control group. Hence we decided to evaluate the effectiveness of a group-based body-affective mindfulness intervention by comparing it with a psycho-educational intervention, by means of a randomized controlled clinical trial...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#8
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201244/mindfulness-based-interventions-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Anjulie Dhillon, Elizabeth Sparkes, Rui V Duarte
This systematic review aims to assess the effect of mindfulness-based interventions carried out during pregnancy exploring mindfulness and mental health outcomes. A systematic review was conducted to appraise the current literature on the subject area. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were agreed and after reviewing titles, abstracts and full papers, 14 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. The quality of included articles was checked using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173527/mindfulness-based-interventions-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
REVIEW
Megan M Hood, Sharon Jedel
Mindfulness-based interventions may be beneficial psychosocial treatments for improving the health and well-being of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. This article reviews eight studies, assessing seven psychosocial interventions, which include mindfulness and/or meditation components. Strongest effects of the interventions were found in quality of life and anxiety/depression, with inconsistent or minimal changes in other psychosocial areas, such as perceived stress and in disease-related outcomes and other physiologic functioning...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164609/who-benefits-from-adolescent-sleep-interventions-moderators-of-treatment-efficacy-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#11
Matthew J Blake, Laura M Blake, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Joanna M Waloszek, Greg Murray, Julian G Simmons, Elizabeth Landau, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test moderators of therapeutic improvement in an adolescent cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based group sleep intervention. Specifically, we examined whether the effects of the program on postintervention sleep outcomes were dependent on participant gender and/or measures of sleep duration, anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy prior to the interventions. METHOD: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (female = 59...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#12
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131084/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-a-treatment-for-chronic-tinnitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Laurence McKenna, Elizabeth M Marks, Christopher A Hallsworth, Roland Schaette
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is experienced by up to 15% of the population and can lead to significant disability and distress. There is rarely a medical or surgical target and psychological therapies are recommended. We investigated whether mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) could offer an effective new therapy for tinnitus. METHODS: This single-site randomized controlled trial compared MBCT to intensive relaxation training (RT) for chronic, distressing tinnitus in adults...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130496/using-smart-design-to-improve-symptom-management-among-cancer-patients-a-study-protocol
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alla Sikorskii, Gwen Wyatt, Rebecca Lehto, David Victorson, Terry Badger, Thaddeus Pace
In this in-progress sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART), dyads of solid tumor cancer patients and their caregivers are initially randomized to 4 weeks of reflexology or meditative (mindfulness) practices provided by/with their caregiver in the patient's home or to a control group. After 4 weeks, intervention group dyads in which patients do not show improvement in fatigue (non-responders) are re-randomized to either receive additional time with the same therapy during weeks 5-8 or to add the other therapy...
December 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123661/the-psychology-of-chronic-post-surgical-pain-new-frontiers-in-risk-factor-identification-prevention-and-management
#15
Aliza Z Weinrib, Muhammad A Azam, Kathryn A Birnie, Lindsay C Burns, Hance Clarke, Joel Katz
In an era of considerable advances in anaesthesiology and pain medicine, chronic pain after major surgery continues to be problematic. This article briefly reviews the known psychological risk and protective factors associated with the development of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). We begin with a definition of CPSP and then explain what we mean by a risk/protective factor. Next, we summarize known psychological risk and protective factors for CPSP. Psychological interventions that target risk factors and may impact postsurgical pain are reviewed, including the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)-based approach to CPSP prevention and management we use in the Transitional Pain Service (TPS) at the Toronto General Hospital...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122265/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-course-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Kelly Birtwell, Linda Dubrow-Marshall, Rod Dubrow-Marshall, Tim Duerden, Annette Dunn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction course (MBSR) on people with Parkinson's disease who experienced depression, anxiety, stress or difficulty coping with Parkinson's. METHODS: Thirteen participants were recruited and six completed the full MBSR course. Data were analysed using repeated measures analysis of variance and thematic analysis. RESULTS: There were significant improvements in levels of depression, anxiety and stress at weeks eight and sixteen, as measured by the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale, short version (DASS-21)...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122259/diet-and-lifestyle-intervention-on-chronic-moderate-to-severe-depression-and-anxiety-and-other-chronic-conditions
#17
Gary Null, Luanne Pennesi
This group study explored how an intervention of diet, lifestyle and behavior modification, including a plant-based diet, daily exercise and mindfulness techniques, would affect 500 adult men and women participants diagnosed with chronic moderate to severe depression and anxiety and other conditions during a 12 week period. An analysis of the health outcomes detailed in self-reported diary entries was carried out at the conclusion of the 12 week period. These reports noted improvements in depression, anxiety and all other conditions addressed by the study, with the majority of participants reporting substantial benefits...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120206/using-online-interventions-to-deliver-college-student-mental-health-resources-evidence-from-randomized-clinical-trials
#18
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Christiaan S Greer, Patricia Frazier
This study evaluated the efficacy of Internet-based stress management programs for college students. This approach is particularly fitting for students owing to a lack of mental health resources on campus and to high levels of Internet use among students. Because a history of interpersonal trauma (IPT) is associated with more distress and poorer academic performance, IPT history was assessed as a moderator of intervention efficacy. Students (N = 365) were randomly assigned to a mindfulness plus present control intervention, a mindfulness only intervention, or a stress management information condition that served as an active comparison...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080597/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-anxiety-and-depression
#19
REVIEW
Stefan G Hofmann, Angelina F Gómez
This article reviews the ways in which mindfulness practices have contributed to cognitive and behavioral treatments for depression and anxiety. Research on mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) has increased rapidly in the past decade. The most common include mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. MBIs are effective in reducing anxiety and depression symptom severity in a range of individuals. MBIs consistently outperform non-evidence-based treatments and active control conditions, such as health education, relaxation training, and supportive psychotherapy...
December 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078987/collaborative-care-and-related-interventions-in-patients-with-heart-disease-an-update-and-new-directions
#20
REVIEW
Jeff C Huffman, Caitlin N Adams, Christopher M Celano
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders, such as depression, are very common in cardiac patients and are independently linked to adverse cardiac outcomes, including mortality. Collaborative care and other integrated care models have been used successfully to manage psychiatric conditions in patients with heart disease, with beneficial effects on function and other outcomes. Novel programs using remote delivery of mental health interventions and promotion of psychological well-being may play an increasingly large role in supporting cardiovascular health...
September 18, 2017: Psychosomatics
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