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Mindful interventions and depression, anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#1
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131084/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-a-treatment-for-chronic-tinnitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Laurence McKenna, Elizabeth M Marks, Christopher A Hallsworth, Roland Schaette
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is experienced by up to 15% of the population and can lead to significant disability and distress. There is rarely a medical or surgical target and psychological therapies are recommended. We investigated whether mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) could offer an effective new therapy for tinnitus. METHODS: This single-site randomized controlled trial compared MBCT to intensive relaxation training (RT) for chronic, distressing tinnitus in adults...
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130496/using-smart-design-to-improve-symptom-management-among-cancer-patients-a-study-protocol
#3
Alla Sikorskii, Gwen Wyatt, Rebecca Lehto, David Victorson, Terry Badger, Thaddeus Pace
In this in-progress sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART), dyads of solid tumor cancer patients and their caregivers are initially randomized to 4 weeks of reflexology or meditative (mindfulness) practices provided by/with their caregiver in the patient's home or to a control group. After 4 weeks, intervention group dyads in which patients do not show improvement in fatigue (non-responders) are re-randomized to either receive additional time with the same therapy during weeks 5-8 or to add the other therapy...
November 11, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123661/the-psychology-of-chronic-post-surgical-pain-new-frontiers-in-risk-factor-identification-prevention-and-management
#4
Aliza Z Weinrib, Muhammad A Azam, Kathryn A Birnie, Lindsay C Burns, Hance Clarke, Joel Katz
In an era of considerable advances in anaesthesiology and pain medicine, chronic pain after major surgery continues to be problematic. This article briefly reviews the known psychological risk and protective factors associated with the development of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). We begin with a definition of CPSP and then explain what we mean by a risk/protective factor. Next, we summarize known psychological risk and protective factors for CPSP. Psychological interventions that target risk factors and may impact postsurgical pain are reviewed, including the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)-based approach to CPSP prevention and management we use in the Transitional Pain Service (TPS) at the Toronto General Hospital...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122265/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-course-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Kelly Birtwell, Linda Dubrow-Marshall, Rod Dubrow-Marshall, Tim Duerden, Annette Dunn
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction course (MBSR) on people with Parkinson's disease who experienced depression, anxiety, stress or difficulty coping with Parkinson's. METHODS: Thirteen participants were recruited and six completed the full MBSR course. Data were analysed using repeated measures analysis of variance and thematic analysis. RESULTS: There were significant improvements in levels of depression, anxiety and stress at weeks eight and sixteen, as measured by the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale, short version (DASS-21)...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122259/diet-and-lifestyle-intervention-on-chronic-moderate-to-severe-depression-and-anxiety-and-other-chronic-conditions
#6
Gary Null, Luanne Pennesi
This group study explored how an intervention of diet, lifestyle and behavior modification, including a plant-based diet, daily exercise and mindfulness techniques, would affect 500 adult men and women participants diagnosed with chronic moderate to severe depression and anxiety and other conditions during a 12 week period. An analysis of the health outcomes detailed in self-reported diary entries was carried out at the conclusion of the 12 week period. These reports noted improvements in depression, anxiety and all other conditions addressed by the study, with the majority of participants reporting substantial benefits...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120206/using-online-interventions-to-deliver-college-student-mental-health-resources-evidence-from-randomized-clinical-trials
#7
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Christiaan S Greer, Patricia Frazier
This study evaluated the efficacy of Internet-based stress management programs for college students. This approach is particularly fitting for students owing to a lack of mental health resources on campus and to high levels of Internet use among students. Because a history of interpersonal trauma (IPT) is associated with more distress and poorer academic performance, IPT history was assessed as a moderator of intervention efficacy. Students (N = 365) were randomly assigned to a mindfulness plus present control intervention, a mindfulness only intervention, or a stress management information condition that served as an active comparison...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080597/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-anxiety-and-depression
#8
REVIEW
Stefan G Hofmann, Angelina F Gómez
This article reviews the ways in which mindfulness practices have contributed to cognitive and behavioral treatments for depression and anxiety. Research on mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) has increased rapidly in the past decade. The most common include mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. MBIs are effective in reducing anxiety and depression symptom severity in a range of individuals. MBIs consistently outperform non-evidence-based treatments and active control conditions, such as health education, relaxation training, and supportive psychotherapy...
December 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078987/collaborative-care-and-related-interventions-in-patients-with-heart-disease-an-update-and-new-directions
#9
REVIEW
Jeff C Huffman, Caitlin N Adams, Christopher M Celano
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders, such as depression, are very common in cardiac patients and are independently linked to adverse cardiac outcomes, including mortality. Collaborative care and other integrated care models have been used successfully to manage psychiatric conditions in patients with heart disease, with beneficial effects on function and other outcomes. Novel programs using remote delivery of mental health interventions and promotion of psychological well-being may play an increasingly large role in supporting cardiovascular health...
September 18, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077901/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-japanese-breast-cancer-patients-a-feasibility-study
#10
Sunre Park, Mitsuhiro Sado, Daisuke Fujisawa, Yasuko Sato, Mari Takeuchi, Akira Ninomiya, Maiko Takahashi, Kimio Yoshimura, Hiromitsu Jinno, Yuko Takeda
Objectives: Mindfulness-based intervention has been receiving growing attention in cancer care. This study aimed to examine feasibility and to preliminary explore effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in Japanese breast cancer patients, and to explore possible modification of the program so that it fits better with this population. Methods: Twelve participants with diagnosis of Stage I-III breast cancer received an eight session, weekly MBCT intervention in a group therapy format...
October 25, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070962/mindfulness-in-motion-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasibility-study
#11
Rachel M Gilbertson, Maryanna D Klatt
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness in Motion is an 8-week mindfulness-based intervention that uses yoga movement, mindfulness meditation, and relaxing music. This study examined the feasibility of using Mindfulness in Motion in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and the effect of this program on stress, anxiety, depression, fatigue, and quality of life in people with MS. METHODS: Twenty-two people with MS completed the 8-week mindfulness program as well as assessments 1 week before and after the intervention...
September 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064772/reducing-diabetes-distress-and-improving-self-management-with-mindfulness
#12
Robin R Whitebird, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Gabriela Vazquez-Benitez, Chris J Enstad
Stress associated with diabetes makes managing diabetes harder. We investigated whether mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) could reduce diabetes distress and improve management. We recruited 38 participants to complete an MBSR program. Surveys and lab values were completed at baseline and post-intervention. Participants showed significant improvement in diabetes-related distress (Cohen's d -.71, p < .002), psychosocial self-efficacy (Cohen's d .80, p < .001), and glucose control (Cohen's d -...
October 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051138/effectiveness-of-two-web-based-interventions-for-chronic-cancer-related-fatigue-compared-to-an-active-control-condition-results-of-the-fitter-na-kanker-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Fieke Z Bruggeman-Everts, Marije D J Wolvers, Rens van de Schoot, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten, Marije L Van der Lee
BACKGROUND: Approximately one third of all patients who have been successfully treated for cancer suffer from chronic cancer-related fatigue (CCRF). Effective and easily accessible interventions are needed for these patients. OBJECTIVE: The current paper reports on the results of a 3-armed randomized controlled trial investigating the clinical effectiveness of two different guided Web-based interventions for reducing CCRF compared to an active control condition...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029675/a-meta-analysis-of-compassion-based-interventions-current-state-of-knowledge-and-future-directions
#14
REVIEW
James N Kirby, Cassandra L Tellegen, Stanley R Steindl
OBJECTIVE: Scientific research into compassion has burgeoned over the past 20 years and interventions aiming to cultivate compassion towards self and others have been developed. This meta-analysis examined the effects of compassion-based interventions on a range of outcome measures. METHOD: Twenty-one randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from the last 12 years were included in the meta-analysis, with data from 1,285 participants analyzed. Effect sizes were standardized mean differences calculated using the difference in pre-post change in the treatment group and control group means, divided by the pooled pre-intervention standard deviation...
November 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026290/mindfulness-training-for-psychological-stress-in-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Zheng Liu, Qian-Lin Chen, Yu-Ying Sun
Caring for a relative with dementia is extremely challenging; conventional interventions may not be highly effective or easily available on some occasions. This study aimed to explore the efficacy of mindfulness training in improving stress-related outcomes in family caregivers of people with dementia using a meta-analytic review. We searched randomized controlled trials (RCT) through April 2017 from five electronic databases, and assessed the risk of bias using the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Seven RCTs were included in our review...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025788/brief-mindfulness-meditation-for-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#16
Zoë Thomas, Marta Novak, Susanna Gabriela Torres Platas, Maryse Gautier, Angela Potes Holgin, Rebecca Fox, Marilyn Segal, Karl J Looper, Mark Lipman, Steven Selchen, Istvan Mucsi, Nathan Herrmann, Soham Rej
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Up to 50% of patients undergoing hemodialysis suffer from symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. Access to traditional pharmacotherapies and psychotherapies for depression or anxiety in this patient population has been inadequate. The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of brief mindfulness meditation intervention for patients on hemodialysis with depression and anxiety symptoms. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: This study was a randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded trial conducted in an urban hemodialysis unit...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994200/a-nonpharmacological-approach-to-improve-sleep-quality-in-older-adults
#17
Iris Rawtaer, Rathi Mahendran, Hui Yu Chan, Feng Lei, Ee Heok Kua
OBJECTIVES: Poor sleep quality is highly prevalent among older adults and is associated with poor quality of life, cognitive and physical decline, depression, and increased mortality. Medication options commonly used are not ideal, and alternative treatment strategies are needed. We evaluate a community-based psychosocial intervention program and its effect on sleep quality in older adults. METHOD: Elderly participants aged 60 and above were included. Those with Geriatric Depression Scale and Geriatric Anxiety Inventory scores above 5 and 10, respectively, were excluded...
October 10, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990190/a-randomized-waitlist-control-community-study-of-social-cognition-and-interaction-training-for-people-with-schizophrenia
#18
Anne Gordon, Penelope J Davis, Susan Patterson, Christopher A Pepping, James G Scott, Kerri Salter, Melissa Connell
OBJECTIVE: Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) has demonstrated effectiveness in improving social cognition and functioning of people with schizophrenia. This pilot study examines the acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of SCIT with individuals who have schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and are receiving care through a public mental health service. METHOD: In a pragmatic randomized waitlist controlled trial, 36 participants (aged 19-55 years) with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder were randomly allocated to SCIT or treatment as usual (TAU)...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984073/which-aspects-of-mindfulness-are-important-to-include-in-adolescent-interventions
#19
Catherine Johnson, Tracey Wade
AIM: Despite widespread enthusiasm to adopt universal mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for youth, high-quality evidence is still lacking. It remains unknown how best to modify the successful adult curricula to render them accessible for young people but still effective. Specifically, it is unclear whether particular elements of mindfulness are key ingredients. The aim of this research was to identify the relation between aspects of baseline mindfulness and longitudinal trajectories related to well-being in adolescence...
October 5, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961631/does-mindfulness-meditation-improve-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review
#20
Elizabeth F Ball, Emira Nur Shafina Muhammad Sharizan, Genny Franklin, Ewelina Rogozińska
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psychological factors are associated with chronic pain. Mindfulness meditation may ameliorate symptoms. The objective was to evaluate the effects of mindfulness meditation in chronic pain. RECENT FINDINGS: A systematic search of four databases identified 534 citations; 13 Randomised controlled trials satisfied the inclusion criteria. Mindfulness meditation significantly reduced depression [Standardised mean difference (SMD) -0.28; 95% confidence interval (CI) -0...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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