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Mindful interventions and depression, anxiety

Tamar Mendelson, William W Eaton
PURPOSE: Prevention of mental disorders is a rapidly growing area of research with substantial potential benefits for population health. This paper reviews the evidence base for prevention of depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia. METHODS: We synthesized evidence from recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses published between 2013 and 2018 on prevention of depression, anxiety, and first-episode psychosis. We included reviews of randomized controlled trials testing psychological, psychosocial, and pharmacological preventive interventions...
March 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Rhondene M Miller, Ronald S Kaiser
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The complicated nature of chronic pain involves an interplay between psychological and physical factors, often resulting in increased emotional distress and reduced quality of life. This review is designed to help the medical practitioner who is working with chronic pain patients to be aware of psychological assessment techniques that can add to comprehensive patient understanding and more effectively guide treatment. Enhanced ability to assess and understand the emotional life of the chronic pain patient provides a basis for intervening and treating more successfully...
March 14, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Samuel Y S Wong, Yu Ying Sun, Aaroy T Y Chan, Maria K W Leung, David V K Chao, Carole C K Li, King K H Chan, Wai Kwong Tang, Trevor Mazzucchelli, Alma M L Au, Benjamin H K Yip
PURPOSE: We undertook a randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of group-based behavioral activation with mindfulness (BAM) for treating subthreshold depression in primary care in Hong Kong. METHODS: We recruited adult patients aged 18 years or older with subthreshold depression from public primary care clinics and randomly assigned them to a BAM intervention group or a usual care group. The BAM group was provided with eight 2-hour weekly BAM sessions by trained allied health care workers...
March 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
Christopher J Udell, Julie L Ruddy, Philip M Procento
Introduction: US Navy recruits who have injuries preventing them from participating in intense physical conditioning are pulled out of boot camp training and receive treatment that includes daily physical therapy, pain medications, and psychoeducational groups. Graduation from boot camp for these recruits requires not only recovering from their injuries but also passing a required Physical Fitness Assessment consisting of a timed 1.5-mile run, curl-ups, and push-ups. About 50-60% of these recruits will eventually be separated out and sent home...
March 6, 2018: Military Medicine
Miriam Thiel Ashford, Ellinor K Olander, Heather Rowe, Jane R W Fisher, Susan Ayers
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore health visitors' (HVs) views on the acceptability and potential implementation of internet-based postpartum anxiety interventions in their practice. BACKGROUND: Internet-based self-help has been shown to be effective and acceptable for postpartum depression. Recently, an internet-based intervention has been developed for postpartum anxiety. Before implementing new anxiety interventions in postpartum care, it is important to determine the acceptability and ways of implementing such interventions...
July 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Dan Malm, Bengt Fridlund, Helena Ekblad, Patric Karlström, Emma Hag, Amir H Pakpour
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a brief dyadic cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) programme on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL), as well as the sense of coherence in atrial fibrillation patients, up to 12 months post atrial fibrillation. METHODS: A longitudinal randomised controlled trial with a pre and 12-month post-test recruitment of 163 persons and their spouses, at a county hospital in southern Sweden. In all, 104 persons were randomly assigned to either a CBT ( n=56) or a treatment as usual (TAU) group ( n=55)...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Cesare Cavalera, Marco Rovaris, Laura Mendozzi, Luigi Pugnetti, Massimo Garegnani, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Enrico Molinari, Francesco Pagnini
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) has a relevant impact on quality of life (QOL) and is associated with increased risks of psychological morbidity. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are among the most studied interventions, although few well-conducted studies have tested them in this field. Furthermore, the participation in typical MBIs may be impaired by time and logistics. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to test the efficacy of an online MBI to improve QOL, psychological well-being, sleep, and fatigue...
February 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Ritsaart F Westenberg, Emily L Zale, Tessa J Heinhuis, Sezai Özkan, Adam Nazzal, Sang-Gil Lee, Neal C Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions are useful in reducing psychologic distress and pain intensity in patients with chronic pain. However, most mindfulness-based interventions are resource-intensive, lengthy, and not feasible for busy orthopaedic surgical practices. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to determine if a 60-second personalized mindfulness-based video exercise is (1) associated with improved pain intensity, emotional distress, and state anxiety compared with an attention placebo control (a time-matched educational pamphlet about pain and stress); and (2) feasible and acceptable for patients with upper extremity injury in an orthopaedic practice...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Alex R Kelman, Benjamin S Evare, Alinne Z Barrera, Ricardo F Muñoz, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a prevalent and costly mental health problem that affects women as well as their larger communities, with substantial impacts on mother and infant during childbearing years. Face-to-face care has not adequately addressed this global concern due to difficulties in scaling these resources. Internet interventions, which can provide psychological tools to those lacking adequate access, show promise in filling this void. METHOD: We conducted a 2-condition proof-of-concept pilot randomized trial comparing brief Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and brief Internet-based compassionate mind training (CMT) for women who are currently pregnant, became pregnant within the last year, and intend to become pregnant in the future...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Liye Zou, Albert Yeung, Xinfeng Quan, Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui, Xiaoyue Hu, Jessie S M Chan, Chaoyi Wang, Sean David Boyden, Li Sun, Huiru Wang
OBJECTIVES: we used a quantitative method to systematically synthesize the emerging literature and critically evaluate the effects of Baduanjin on depression and anxiety in people with physical or mental illnesses. Additionally, we determined if the number of total Baduanjin training sessions is associated with decreased anxiety and depression levels. METHODS: both English and Chinese databases were searched for potential studies published between January 1982 and October 2017...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson, Michelle L Kelley
Previous research on trait mindfulness facets using person-centered analyses (e.g., latent profile analysis [LPA]) has identified four distinct mindfulness profiles among college students: a high mindfulness group (high on all facets of the Five-Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire [FFMQ]), a judgmentally observing group (highest on observing, but low on non-judging of inner experience and acting with awareness), a non-judgmentally aware group (high on non-judging of inner experience and acting with awareness, but very low on observing), and a low mindfulness group (low on all facets of the FFMQ)...
February 2018: Mindfulness
Jenna A LoGiudice, Jenna Massaro
AIM: This review evaluates the impact of complementary therapies on psychosocial factors in women undergoing IVF. BACKGROUND: According to the CDC, nearly 7% of married women in the United States face infertility. Approximately 1.5% of all infants born in the U.S. annually are conceived through assisted reproductive technologies (ART), such as IVF. Women undergoing ART report distress, anxiety, and depression related to their treatment. Stress has been cited as the top reason why women terminate treatment...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
Elaine Yang, Elizabeth Schamber, Rika M L Meyer, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: Medical students have higher rates of depression and psychologic distress than the general population, which may negatively impact academic performance and professional conduct. This study assessed whether 10-20 min of daily mindfulness meditation for 30 days, using a mobile phone application, could decrease perceived stress and improve well-being for medical students. METHODS: Eighty-eight medical students were stratified by class year and randomized to either intervention or control groups to use the mobile application Headspace, an audio-guided mindfulness meditation program, for 30 days...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Robin E Cushing, Kathryn L Braun, Susan W Alden C-Iayt, Alan R Katz
Introduction: Among veterans of post-9/11 conflicts, estimates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) range from 9% shortly after returning from deployment to 31% a year after deployment. Clinical and pharmaceutically based treatments are underutilized. This could be due to concerns related to lost duty days, as well as PTSD patients' fears of stigma of having a mental health condition. Yoga has been shown to reduce PTSD symptoms in the civilian population, but few studies have tested the impact of yoga on veterans of post-9/11 conflicts...
February 5, 2018: Military Medicine
Siew-Tim Lai, Kheng-Seang Lim, Venus Tang, Wah-Yun Low
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological interventions (PPI) are increasingly employed as a coping strategy with physical and mental conditions, including neurological diseases. Its effectiveness on improving wellbeing in people with epilepsy (PWE) has been shown in a few studies. This study aimed to explore factors related to participants' willingness to engage in psychological interventions from the perspective of patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Participants answered a needs assessment questionnaire eliciting information about their illness perception (Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (Brief-IPQ)), emotions (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)), willingness to participate in psychological interventions, preferences in types of PPI and intervention designs, as well as barriers in seeking mental health services...
January 23, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Celine M Ko, Fran Grace, Gilbert N Chavez, Sarah J Grimleya, Emily R Dalrymple, Lisa E Olson
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to have psychological benefits in college students. We explored the effects of an academic seminar on compassion on student psychological health. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one participants (14 male, 27 female, mean age 19.8 ±1.4 years) were assessed pre- and post- spring semesters 2013 and 2014. METHODS: Students were randomized to the seminar on compassion or a wait-list control group...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Fernanda F Zimmermann, Beverley Burrell, Jennifer Jordan
OBJECTIVE: In spite of supportive care for people affected by cancer being well recognized as a priority for research, there is little solid evidence of the effectiveness of psychological interventions using mindfulness for those with advanced cancer. This systematic review aims to describe, evaluate and synthesize the acceptability and potential benefits of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for the psychological well-being of people with advanced cancers. METHODS: Eight databases were searched and terms related to advanced stages of cancer and mindfulness were combined systematically to identify relevant published literature...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Robert Shore, Clara Strauss, Kate Cavanagh, Mark Hayward, Lyn Ellett
Paranoia is common and distressing in the general population and can impact on health, emotional well-being and social functioning, such that effective interventions are needed. Brief online mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in non-clinical samples; however, at present, there is no research investigating whether they can reduce paranoia. The current study explored whether a brief online MBI increased levels of mindfulness and reduced levels of paranoia in a non-clinical population...
2018: Mindfulness
Ingeborg Farver-Vestergaard, Mia S O'Toole, Maja O'Connor, Anders Løkke, Elisabeth Bendstrup, Sharee A Basdeo, Donal J Cox, Pádraic J Dunne, Kai Ruggeri, Frances Early, Robert Zachariae
A considerable proportion of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) entering pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) report psychological distress, which is often accompanied by poor physical health status. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) has been shown to improve psychological and physical outcomes in other chronic diseases. We therefore evaluated the efficacy of MBCT as an add-on to a standard PR programme in COPD.COPD patients eligible for PR were cluster randomised to receive either an 8-week, group-based MBCT programme as an add-on to an 8-week PR programme (n=39), or PR alone (n=45)...
February 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Xiao Wang, Kristina Sundquist, Karolina Palmér, Anna Hedelius, Ashfaque Memon, Jan Sundquist
Background: Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that has been associated with various psychiatric disorders. MicroRNA-451a (miR-451a) can directly target MIF and down-regulate its expression in cells. However, the role of MIF and miR-451a in psychiatric patients treated with psychotherapeutic interventions is unknown. In this study, our aim was to investigate levels of MIF and its regulating miR-451a in patients with depression, anxiety or stress- and adjustment disorders who underwent mindfulness-based therapy or treatment as usual (TAU)...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
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