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Mindful interventions and depression, anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206840/the-impact-of-a-brief-embedded-mindfulness-based-program-for-veterinary-students
#1
Helen M Correia, Anita D Smith, Susan Murray, Lynlea S Polak, Bronwyn Williams, Martin A Cake
Veterinary medical students, like other university students, are likely to experience elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the course of their studies. Mindfulness-based interventions have previously been effective for university students in reducing stress, depression, and anxiety. In this study, a mindfulness-based intervention was embedded in a core (compulsory) unit of a veterinary science course, in part with the aim of improving student well-being. Preliminary results suggest that, despite the mindfulness intervention, overall symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety among participants (n=64) increased between the start and end of the semester...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194835/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-an-augmentation-treatment-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#2
Brenda L Key, Karen Rowa, Peter Bieling, Randi McCabe, Elizabeth J Pawluk
: A significant number of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients continue to experience symptoms that interfere with their functioning following cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Providing an additional augmentation treatment following CBT could help reduce these residual symptoms. Mindfulness interventions that facilitate less reactivity to thoughts and feelings may be helpful for patients suffering from residual OCD symptoms. The purpose of the current randomized waitlist control trial was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of providing an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention following completion of a CBT intervention to OCD patients who continued to suffer from significant symptoms...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191264/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-stimulant-dependent-adults-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Suzette Glasner-Edwards, Larissa J Mooney, Alfonso Ang, Hélène Chokron Garneau, Emily Hartwell, Mary-Lynn Brecht, Richard A Rawson
In light of the known associations between stress, negative affect, and relapse, mindfulness strategies hold promise as a means of reducing relapse susceptibility. In a pilot randomized clinical trial, we evaluated the effects of Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP), relative to a health education control condition (HE) among stimulant dependent adults receiving contingency management. All participants received a 12-week contingency management (CM) intervention. Following a 4-week CM-only lead in phase, participants were randomly assigned to concurrently receive MBRP (n=31) or HE (n=32)...
February 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170104/an-adapted-mindfulness-intervention-for-people-with-dementia-in-care-homes-feasibility-pilot-study
#4
A Churcher Clarke, J M Y Chan, J Stott, L Royan, A Spector
OBJECTIVE: Depression and anxiety are common in dementia. There is a need to develop effective psychosocial interventions. This study sought to develop a group-based adapted mindfulness programme for people with mild to moderate dementia in care homes and to determine its feasibility and potential benefits. METHODS: A manual for a 10-session intervention was developed. Participants were randomly allocated to the intervention plus treatment as usual (n = 20) or treatment as usual (n = 11)...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166828/a-psychological-intervention-to-promote-acceptance-and-adherence-to-non-invasive-ventilation-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Eleonora Volpato, Paolo Banfi, Francesco Pagnini
BACKGROUND: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) sometimes experience anxiety, depression and comorbid cognitive deficits. Rather than being merely a consequence of symptom-related physical impairments these additional problems may be part of the clinical course of the condition. The relationship between the physical and psychological aspects of the condition is illustrated by the patterns of use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV); NIV is often rejected or used inappropriately, resulting in clinical deterioration and an increase in health care costs...
February 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163797/mindful2work-effects-of-combined-physical-exercise-yoga-and-mindfulness-meditations-for-stress-relieve-in-employees-a-proof-of-concept-study
#6
Esther I de Bruin, Anne R Formsma, Gerard Frijstein, Susan M Bögels
Work-related stress and associated illness and burnout is rising in western society, with now as much as almost a quarter of European and half of USA's employees estimated to be at the point of burnout. Mindfulness meditation, yoga, and physical exercise have all shown beneficial effects for work-related stress and illness. This proof of concept study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of the newly developed Mindful2Work training, a combination of physical exercise, restorative yoga, and mindfulness meditations, delivered in six weekly group sessions plus a follow-up session...
2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134483/salute-to-the-sun-a-new-dawn-in-yoga-therapy-for-breast-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Melissa Galliford, Stephanie Robinson, Pete Bridge, MaryAnn Carmichael
INTRODUCTION: Interest in the application of yoga for health benefits in western medicine is growing rapidly, with a significant rise in publications. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine whether the inclusion of yoga therapy to the treatment of breast cancer can improve the patient's physical and psychosocial quality of life (QoL). METHODS: A search of peer reviewed journal articles published between January 2009 and July 2014 was conducted. Studies were included if they had more than 15 study participants, included interventions such as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) or yoga therapy with or without comparison groups and had stated physical or psychological outcomes...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131764/yoga-therapy-for-the-mind-eight-week-course-participants-experiences
#8
Holly Hannah Kahya, Courtney Grant Raspin
Mindfulness-based therapies are becoming increasingly common in the treatment of mental health conditions. While the popularity of yoga continues to rise in Western culture, little has been done to explore the psychological benefits of yoga from a qualitative, clinical perspective. This study explores participant experiences of the "Yoga Therapy for the Mind Eight-Week Course" (YTFTM), an international, manualized yoga and mindfulness-based intervention for depression and anxiety. Eight female participants took part in semi-structured interviews, and transcripts were analyzed using an interpretative phenomenological analysis, with four master themes emerging: "Personal Journey of Change," "Ambivalence," "Mind/Body Connection," and "Group Experience...
December 16, 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116120/distant-delivery-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-the-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-pilot-trial
#9
A Bogosian, C S Hurt, D Vasconcelos E Sa, J V Hindle, L McCracken, P Cubi-Molla
BACKGROUND: Psychological difficulties, especially depression and anxiety, are the most prevalent non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease. Pharmacological treatments for these conditions appear relatively ineffective in Parkinson's disease. Mindfulness courses are increasingly popular and recognised as effective for managing emotional states, and there is growing evidence for the effectiveness of mindfulness courses for people with long-term medical conditions. With this exploratory pilot trial, we want to assess the feasibility of the procedures and processes, including recruitment, most appropriate outcome measure(s), acceptability of type and number of measures, potential nocebo effects, and potential effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a specially adapted distance-delivered mindfulness-based intervention in people affected by Parkinson's disease...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105523/a-mindful-self-compassion-videoconference-intervention-for-nationally-recruited-posttreatment-young-adult-cancer-survivors-feasibility-acceptability-and-psychosocial-outcomes
#10
Rebecca A Campo, Karen Bluth, Sheila J Santacroce, Sarah Knapik, Julia Tan, Stuart Gold, Kamaira Philips, Susan Gaylord, Gary N Asher
PURPOSE: Young adult (YA) cancer survivors report substantial distress, social isolation, and body image concerns that can impede successful reintegration into life years after treatment completion. Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) interventions focus on developing mindfulness and self-compassion for managing distress, hardships, and perceived personal inadequacies. An MSC intervention would be beneficial in supporting YA survivors' management of psychosocial challenges that arise in survivorship; however, a telehealth intervention modality is essential for reaching this geographically dispersed population...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100160/determining-the-potential-benefits-of-yoga-in-chronic-stroke-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Tharshanah Thayabaranathan, Nadine E Andrew, Maarten A Immink, Susan Hillier, Philip Stevens, Rene Stolwyk, Monique Kilkenny, Dominique A Cadilhac
BACKGROUND: Survivors of stroke have long-term physical and psychological consequences that impact their quality of life. Few interventions are available in the community to address these problems. Yoga, a type of mindfulness-based intervention, is shown to be effective in people with other chronic illnesses and may have the potential to address many of the problems reported by survivors of stroke. OBJECTIVES: To date only narrative reviews have been published. We sought to perform, the first systematic review with meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated yoga for its potential benefit for chronic survivors of stroke...
January 19, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#12
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094662/clinical-and-psychological-moderators-of-the-effect-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-persistent-pain-in-women-treated-for-primary-breast-cancer-explorative-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
M Johannsen, M S O'Toole, M O'Connor, A B Jensen, R Zachariae
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based intervention has been found efficacious in reducing persistent pain in women treated for breast cancer. Little, however, is known about possible moderators of the effect. We explored clinical and psychological moderators of the effect on pain intensity previously found in a randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with women treated for breast cancer with persistent pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 129 women treated for breast cancer reporting persistent pain were randomized to MBCT or a wait-list control...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078741/effect-of-an-art-brut-therapy-program-called-go-beyond-the-schizophrenia-gbts-on-prison-inmates-with-schizophrenia-in-mainland-china-a-randomized-longitudinal-and-controlled-trial
#14
Hong-Zhong Qiu, Zeng-Jie Ye, Mu-Zi Liang, Yue-Qun Huang, Wei Liu, Zhi-Dong Lu
: Creative arts therapies are proven to promote an interconnection between body and mind, but there are major obstacles for providing therapeutic services in prisons due to inmates' inherent mistrust for verbal disclosure and rigid self-defenses, especially among inmates with schizophrenia. Thus, we developed a structured and quantitative art brut therapy program called go beyond the schizophrenia to actually measure the benefits of art therapy on prison inmates in mainland China. Upon completion of the program, the intervention group reported a decrease in anxiety, depression, anger, and negative psychiatric symptoms and showed better compliance with rules, socialization with peers, compliance with medications, and regular sleeping patterns after 16 weekly sessions of go beyond the schizophrenia...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076182/promoting-healthy-transition-to-college-through-mindfulness-training-with-first-year-college-students-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kamila Dvořáková, Moé Kishida, Jacinda Li, Steriani Elavsky, Patricia C Broderick, Mark R Agrusti, Mark T Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Given the importance of developmental transitions on young adults' lives and the high rates of mental health issues among U.S. college students, first-year college students can be particularly vulnerable to stress and adversity. This pilot study evaluated the effectiveness and feasibility of mindfulness training aiming to promote first-year college students' health and wellbeing. PARTICIPANTS: 109 freshmen were recruited from residential halls (50% Caucasian, 66% female)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064385/review-of-yoga-therapy-during-cancer-treatment
#16
REVIEW
Suzanne C Danhauer, Elizabeth L Addington, Stephanie J Sohl, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen
PURPOSE: Reviews of yoga research that distinguish results of trials conducted during (versus after) cancer treatment are needed to guide future research and clinical practice. We therefore conducted a review of non-randomized studies and randomized controlled trials of yoga interventions for children and adults undergoing treatment for any cancer type. METHODS: Studies were identified via research databases and reference lists. Inclusion criteria were the following: (1) children or adults undergoing cancer treatment, (2) intervention stated as yoga or component of yoga, and (3) publication in English in peer-reviewed journals through October 2015...
January 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038496/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-college-students-with-adhd
#17
Yingqi Gu, Guangxing Xu, Yi Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Between 2% and 8% of college students meet criteria for ADHD, with increased incidence in recent decades. There are very few clinical trials conducted on the meaningful intervention of ADHD in college. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) effectively treats college students with ADHD and could be more feasibly applied in college mental health clinics. METHOD: Fifty-four undergraduates with ADHD between ages 19 and 24 were randomized to receive either MBCT or wait-list (WL) during a 6-week intervention phase...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025621/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#18
Faeze Panahi, Mahbobeh Faramarzi
Objective. Little research has been done regarding the role of psychotherapy in the treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on the PMS symptoms and depression and anxiety symptoms in women with PMS. Design. In a randomized controlled trial, a total of 60 students at Mazandaran University with mild to moderate PMS who had depressive symptoms (Beck depression scores 16-47) were randomly allocated to either an experimental (n = 30) or a control (n = 30) group...
2016: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977290/implementation-of-an-acceptance-and-mindfulness-based-group-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-primary-care-initial-outcomes
#19
Cara H Fuchs, Natasha Haradhvala, Daniel R Evans, Justin M Nash, Risa B Weisberg, Lisa A Uebelacker
INTRODUCTION: Depression and anxiety disorders are highly prevalent among primary care patients. Group visits provide a way of delivering interventions to multiple patients at the same time. Group visits for depression and anxiety present an opportunity to expand the reach of behavioral health services for primary care patients. The goal of the current study was to evaluate the implementation of an acceptance and mindfulness-based group for primary care patients with depression and anxiety...
December 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965874/can-a-mindfulness-informed-intervention-reduce-aggressive-behaviour-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-protocol-for-a-feasibility-study
#20
Gemma Maria Griffith, Robert Jones, Richard Patrick Hastings, Rebecca S Crane, Judith Roberts, Jonathan Williams, Lucy Bryning, Zoe Hoare, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10-20 % of adults with intellectual disabilities engage in challenging behaviours such as aggression, destructiveness, and self-injury, which are often accompanied by feelings of anger. The inability to manage anger can reduce quality of life. For example, aggression is a strong predictor of out-of-area placements and is a risk variable for abuse. Recent research suggests that mindfulness-based therapies (specifically, Singh's Soles of the Feet meditation) can help people with intellectual disabilities manage angry emotions, with resultant reductions in challenging behaviour...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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