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Mindful interventions and depression, anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425778/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-workaholism-a-controlled-trial
#1
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo M P Demarzo, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Workaholism is a form of behavioral addiction that can lead to reduced life and job satisfaction, anxiety, depression, burnout, work-family conflict, and impaired productivity. Given the number of people affected, there is a need for more targeted workaholism treatments. Findings from previous case studies successfully utilizing second-generation mindfulness-based interventions (SG-MBIs) for treating behavioral addiction suggest that SG-MBIs may be suitable for treating workaholism. This study conducted a controlled trial to investigate the effects of an SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT) on workaholism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421677/mindfulness-and-its-efficacy-for-psychological-and-biological-responses-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#2
Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Lena B Mårtensson, Bengt A Andersson, Per Karlsson, Ingrid Bergh
Many breast cancer survivors have to deal with a variety of psychological and physiological sequelae including impaired immune responses. The primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the efficacy of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention for mood disorders in women with breast cancer. Secondary outcomes were symptom experience, health status, coping capacity, mindfulness, posttraumatic growth, and immune status. This RTC assigned 166 women with breast cancer to one of three groups: MBSR (8 weekly group sessions of MBSR), active controls (self-instructing MBSR) and non-MBSR...
April 18, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421384/the-efficacy-of-guolin-qigong-on-the-body-mind-health-of-chinese-women-with-breast-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Pei Liu, Jieshu You, Wing T Y Loo, Youzhi Sun, Yanhua He, Huiping Sit, Lei Jia, Meikuen Wong, Zhiyu Xia, Xiao Zheng, Zhiyu Wang, Neng Wang, Lixing Lao, Jianping Chen
PURPOSE: This study was to evaluate the efficacy of a complementary Chinese treatment modality Guolin-Qigong (GLQG) for patients with breast cancer on the body-mind health. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted among 158 women with breast cancer. Subjects were randomized to receive GLQG (test group) versus a physical stretching program (control group) following conventional treatment for breast cancer. GLQG and stretching interventions were performed twice a week over 24 weeks...
April 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418198/stress-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-recurrent-seizures-in-adults
#4
Elisa Baldin, W Allen Hauser, Alison Pack, Dale C Hesdorffer
OBJECTIVE: The literature is sparse on the complex interrelationships between stressors, depression, anxiety disorders, and epilepsy. We hypothesized that a relationship exists between stress and epilepsy. We evaluated whether markers of stress are associated with seizure recurrence in a low income community-based cohort of adults with single unprovoked seizure or newly diagnosed epilepsy. METHODS: We ascertained adult residents of Northern Manhattan and Harlem, New York City, with a first unprovoked seizure or newly diagnosed epilepsy, between December 2010 and January 2013...
April 18, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414965/response-to-a-mindful-self-compassion-intervention-in-teens-a-within-person-association-of-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-emotional-well-being-outcomes
#5
Karen Bluth, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul
As adolescence can be a stressful developmental stage, the purpose of this study was to determine if a novel mindful self-compassion program would decrease stress, depressive symptoms, and anxiety and increase resilience, gratitude, and curiosity/exploration (positive risk-taking), and to ascertain if mindfulness and self-compassion co-varied with these outcomes over time. Forty-seven adolescents in the southeast U.S. enrolled in an 8-week mindful self-compassion course in five cohorts. Measures were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 6-week follow-up...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409168/a-comparative-study-of-mindfulness-efficiency-based-on-islamic-spiritual-schemes-and-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-reduction-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-pregnant-women
#6
Elahe Aslami, Ahmad Alipour, Fatemeh Sadat Najib, Alireza Aghayosefi
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression during the pregnancy period are among the factors affecting the pregnancy undesirable outcomes and delivery. One way of controlling anxiety and depression is mindfulness and cognitive behavioral therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficiency of mindfulness based on the Islamic-spiritual schemas and group cognitive behavioral therapy on reduction of anxiety and depression in pregnant women. METHODS: The research design was semi-experimental in the form of pretest-posttest using a control group...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394171/a-functional-analysis-of-two-transdiagnostic-emotion-focused-interventions-on-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#7
Kate H Bentley, Matthew K Nock, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Bernard S Gorman, David H Barlow
OBJECTIVE: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent and associated with clinically significant consequences. Developing time-efficient and cost-effective interventions for NSSI has proven difficult given that the critical components for NSSI treatment remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the specific effects of mindful emotion awareness training and cognitive reappraisal, 2 transdiagnostic treatment strategies that purportedly address the functional processes thought to maintain self-injurious behavior, on NSSI urges and acts...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377804/mindfulness-in-psychiatry-where-are-we-now
#8
EDITORIAL
Paramabandhu Groves
Mindfulness is an increasingly popular therapeutic approach. Mindfulness-based interventions have been tried out in a wide range of mental disorders, with the strongest evidence for use in depression and anxiety. Mindfulness operates by changing the person's relationship with unhelpful thoughts and emotions. The need for home practice is both a strength and a weakness. Some find home practice too demanding and a barrier to effective utilisation of mindfulness. Others discover a set of practical tools that, once learnt, can be applied to ongoing life difficulties; in this way mindfulness may have a place in promoting recovery beyond the acute treatment of a disorder...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370730/mind-body-medicine-and-lifestyle-modification-in-supportive-cancer-care-a-cohort-study-on-a-day-care-clinic-program-for-cancer-patients
#9
Michael Jeitler, Jessica Jaspers, Christel von Scheidt, Barbara Koch, Andreas Michalsen, Nico Steckhan, Christian S Kessler
OBJECTIVE: We developed an integrative day care clinic program for cancer patients focusing on mind-body techniques and health-promoting lifestyle modification (7 h once-per-week group sessions over 12 weeks). METHODS: A cohort study design with a waiting group was implemented. Outcome parameters were assessed at the beginning, at the end of the active program, and at a 6-month follow-up. Patients waiting >4 and <12 weeks before treatment start were allocated to the waiting group and additionally assessed at the start of their day care program...
March 31, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361569/processes-of-change-in-a-school-based-mindfulness-programme-cognitive-reactivity-and-self-coldness-as-mediators
#10
Katleen Van der Gucht, Keisuke Takano, Filip Raes, Peter Kuppens
The underlying mechanisms of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions for emotional well-being remain poorly understood. Here, we examined the potential mediating effects of cognitive reactivity and self-compassion on symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress using data from an earlier randomised controlled school trial. A moderated time-lagged mediation model based on multilevel modelling was used to analyse the data. The findings showed that post-treatment changes in cognitive reactivity and self-coldness, an aspect of self-compassion, mediated subsequent changes in symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress...
March 31, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357966/a-randomised-controlled-study-of-mindfulness-meditation-versus-relaxation-therapy-in-the-management-of-tinnitus
#11
M Arif, M Sadlier, D Rajenderkumar, J James, T Tahir
OBJECTIVE: Psychotherapeutic interventions have been adopted effectively in the management of tinnitus for a long time. This study compared mindfulness meditation and relaxation therapy for management of tinnitus. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, patients were recruited for five sessions of mindfulness meditation or five sessions of relaxation therapy. Patients' responses were evaluated using the Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire as a primary outcome measure, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, visual analogue scale and a health status indicator as secondary outcome measures...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342990/telephone-adapted-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-tmbsr-for-patients-awaiting-kidney-transplantation
#12
Cynthia R Gross, Maryanne Reilly-Spong, Taehwan Park, Ruizhi Zhao, Olga V Gurvich, Hassan N Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Patients with progressive kidney disease experience increasing physiologic and psychosocial stressors and declining health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We conducted a randomized, active-controlled, open-label trial to test whether a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program delivered in a novel workshop-teleconference format would reduce symptoms and improve HRQOL in patients awaiting kidney transplantation. Sixty-three transplant candidates were randomized to one of two arms: i) telephone-adapted MBSR (tMBSR, an 8-week program of meditation and yoga); or ii) a telephone-based support group (tSupport)...
March 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328699/a-mindfulness-program-adapted-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-feasibility-acceptability-and-initial-outcomes
#13
Danielle A Ruskin, Michelle M Gagnon, Sara A Kohut, Jennifer N Stinson, Kathryn S Walker
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric chronic pain is a major health issue which can lead to significant interference in daily functioning. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI's), which emphasize acceptance rather than control of pain, have gained increasing attention as a viable treatment option among adults with chronic pain. The effectiveness of MBIs for chronic pain in pediatric populations remains largely unknown. This prospective pre-post interventional study was conducted to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial effectiveness of an 8-week group MBI for adolescents (MBI-A) with chronic pain...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320349/mindfulness-based-interventions-in-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#14
Karen Wood, Maggie Lawrence, Bhautesh Jani, Robert Simpson, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness based interventions (MBIs) are increasingly used to help patients cope with physical and mental long-term conditions (LTCs). Epilepsy is associated with a range of mental and physical comorbidities that have a detrimental effect on quality of life (QOL), but it is not clear whether MBIs can help. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness of MBIs in people with epilepsy. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, CINAHL, Allied and Complimentary Medicine Database, and PsychInfo were searched in March 2016...
March 20, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299475/group-interventions-to-promote-mental-health-in-health-professional-education-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#15
Kristin Lo, Jamie Waterland, Paula Todd, Tanvi Gupta, Margaret Bearman, Craig Hassed, Jennifer L Keating
Effects of interventions for improving mental health of health professional students has not been established. This review analysed interventions to support mental health of health professional students and their effects. The full holdings of Medline, PsycINFO, EBM Reviews, Cinahl Plus, ERIC and EMBASE were searched until 15th April 2016. Inclusion criteria were randomised controlled trials of undergraduate and post graduate health professional students, group interventions to support mental health compared to alternative education, usual curriculum or no intervention; and post-intervention measurements for intervention and control participants of mindfulness, anxiety, depression, stress/distress or burnout...
March 15, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291302/psychosocial-group-interventions-to-improve-psychological-well-being-in-adults-living-with-hiv
#16
REVIEW
Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 14 March 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2016), PubMed (MEDLINE) (1996 to 14 March 2016), Embase (1996 to 14 March 2016), and Clinical Trials...
March 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264496/the-role-of-mindfulness-in-reducing-the-adverse-effects-of-childhood-stress-and-trauma
#17
REVIEW
Robin Ortiz, Erica M Sibinga
Research suggests that many children are exposed to adverse experiences in childhood. Such adverse childhood exposures may result in stress and trauma, which are associated with increased morbidity and mortality into adulthood. In general populations and trauma-exposed adults, mindfulness interventions have demonstrated reduced depression and anxiety, reduced trauma-related symptoms, enhanced coping and mood, and improved quality of life. Studies in children and youth also demonstrate that mindfulness interventions improve mental, behavioral, and physical outcomes...
February 28, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259151/effects-of-five-minute-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-simplified-emotion-focused-mindfulness-on-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Remi Noguchi, Yoichi Sekizawa, Mirai So, Sosei Yamaguchi, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Notwithstanding a high expectation for internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for reducing depressive symptoms, many of iCBT programs have limitations such as temporary effects and high drop-out rates, possibly due to their complexity. We examined the effects of a free, simplified, 5-minute iCBT program by comparing it with a simplified emotion-focused mindfulness (sEFM) exercise and with a waiting list control group. METHODS: A total of 974 participants, who were recruited using the website of a market research company, were randomly assigned to the iCBT group, the sEFM group, and the control group...
March 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252881/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-on-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-unipolar-depression-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#19
Marasha de Jong, Frenk Peeters, Tim Gard, Heidi Ashih, Jim Doorley, Rosemary Walker, Laurie Rhoades, Ronald J Kulich, Karsten D Kueppenbender, Jonathan E Alpert, Elizabeth A Hoge, Willoughby B Britton, Sara W Lazar, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is a disabling illness, often comorbid with depression. We performed a randomized controlled pilot study on mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) targeting depression in a chronic pain population. METHOD: Participants with chronic pain lasting ≥ 3 months; DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD), dysthymic disorder, or depressive disorder not otherwise specified; and a 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician Rated (QIDS-C₁₆) score ≥ 6 were randomly assigned to MBCT (n = 26) or waitlist (n = 14)...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238679/how-does-paying-attention-improve-sexual-functioning-in-women-a%C3%A2-review-of-mechanisms
#20
REVIEW
Nikita Arora, Lori A Brotto
INTRODUCTION: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD), consisting of a constellation of distressing sexual symptoms, is highly prevalent worldwide. Given the central role played by psychological factors in the development of FSD, psychologically and in particular mindfulness-based interventions have arisen as potential treatment options for women. Although mindfulness-based interventions have been evaluated in samples of women with gynecologic cancer; a history of sexual abuse; multiple sclerosis; and spinal cord injury; and provoked vestibulodynia, the mechanisms by which mindfulness leads to improvements in sexual functioning are largely unstudied...
February 23, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
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