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Mindful interventions and depression, anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597907/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-severely-fatigued-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-waiting-list-controlled-study
#1
Alexandra E W Hoogerwerf, Yvonne Bol, Jill Lobbestael, Raymond Hupperts, Caroline M van Heugten
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the most common symptom in multiple sclerosis. Evidence-based treatment options are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and potential effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in severely fatigued multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS: Non-randomized pilot study with a wai-ting list control period including 59 multiple sclerosis patients with severe fatigue. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: fatigue severity subscale of the Checklist Individual Strength-20...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559924/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-universal-prevention-program-for-adolescents-a-feasibility-study
#2
Rowan Burckhardt, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Philip J Batterham, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Fiona Shand
BACKGROUND: There is a need to prevent anxiety and depression in young people and mindfulness contains important emotion regulation strategies. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), a mindfulness-based therapy, has yet to be evaluated as a prevention program, but has demonstrated an ability to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression in adult and adolescent populations. This study examines the feasibility of using an ACT-based prevention program in a sample of year 10 (aged 14-16 years) high school students from Sydney, Australia...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511703/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Robert Simpson, Frances S Mair, Stewart W Mercer
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a stressful condition. Mental health comorbidity is common. Stress can increase the risk of depression, reduce quality of life (QOL), and possibly exacerbate disease activity in MS. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) may help, but has been little studied in MS, particularly among more disabled individuals. METHODS: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and likely effectiveness of a standard MBSR course for people with MS...
May 16, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507497/sense-of-coherence-as-a-protective-factor-in-chronic-urticaria
#4
Alicja Ograczyk, Joanna Miniszewska, Anna Pietrzak, Anna Zalewska-Janowska
INTRODUCTION: Chronic urticaria (CU) seems to be perceived as a psychodermatological disorder. Different psychological factors play an important role in CU triggering and course. One of them is a sense of coherence (SOC), which is believed to be a protective factor against anxiety and depression. AIM: To investigate quality of life (QoL) in CU patients and to compare selected psychological parameters (anxiety, depression and sense of coherence) between CU individuals and the control group...
April 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488881/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-methadone-maintenance-a-feasibility-trial
#5
Sarah Bowen, Vanessa C Somohano, Rachel E Rutkie, Jacob A Manuel, Kristoffer L Rehder
OBJECTIVES: As rates of opiate misuse rise in the United States, so do significant associated health and financial consequences to afflicted individuals, their families, and society at large. Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is one evidence-based approach to treating opiate addiction, yet supplemental psychosocial treatment to support this approach is lacking. Mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) has shown to be efficacious in various substance use populations, but has yet to be assessed with MMT clients...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483271/-mindful-neuropsychology-mindfulness-based-cognitive-remediation
#6
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473783/women-benefit-more-than-men-in-response-to-college-based-meditation-training
#7
Rahil Rojiani, Juan F Santoyo, Hadley Rahrig, Harold D Roth, Willoughby B Britton
Objectives: While recent literature has shown that mindfulness training has positive effects on treating anxiety and depression, there has been virtually no research investigating whether effects differ across genders-despite the fact that men and women differ in clinically significant ways. The current study investigated whether college-based meditation training had different effects on negative affect for men and women. Methods: Seventy-seven university students (36 women, age = 20.7 ± 3.0 years) participated in 12-week courses with meditation training components...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463789/effects-of-mindfulness-on-maternal-stress-depressive-symptoms-and-awareness-of-present-moment-experience-a-pilot-randomised-trial
#8
Jill Beattie, Helen Hall, Mary Anne Biro, Christine East, Rosalind Lau
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and acceptability and measure the effects of a mindfulness intervention compared to a pregnancy support program on stress, depressive symptoms and awareness of present moment experience. DESIGN: A pilot randomised trial using mixed methods. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Forty-eight women attending a maternity service were randomly allocated to a mindfulness-based or pregnancy support program. MEASURES: Perceived Stress Scale, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale, and Birth Outcomes...
April 22, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449389/mindfulness-training-for-parents-of-children-with-special-needs-guidance-for-nurses-in-mental-health-practice
#9
Manika Petcharat, Patricia Liehr
PROBLEM: Parents of children with special needs encounter specific challenges in carrying out their caregiving roles. They experience difficulty accepting their children due to unrealistically high expectations. Mindfulness training (MT) may increase parental psychological well-being and acceptance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to examine the evidence-base for the effectiveness of MT in enhancing psychological well-being for parents of children with special needs as a foundation for guidance for nurses in mental health practice...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425778/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-workaholism-a-controlled-trial
#10
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo M P Demarzo, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Workaholism is a form of behavioral addiction that can lead to reduced life and job satisfaction, anxiety, depression, burnout, work-family conflict, and impaired productivity. Given the number of people affected, there is a need for more targeted workaholism treatments. Findings from previous case studies successfully utilizing second-generation mindfulness-based interventions (SG-MBIs) for treating behavioral addiction suggest that SG-MBIs may be suitable for treating workaholism. This study conducted a controlled trial to investigate the effects of an SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT) on workaholism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421677/mindfulness-and-its-efficacy-for-psychological-and-biological-responses-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#11
Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Lena B Mårtensson, Bengt A Andersson, Per Karlsson, Ingrid Bergh
Many breast cancer survivors have to deal with a variety of psychological and physiological sequelae including impaired immune responses. The primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the efficacy of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention for mood disorders in women with breast cancer. Secondary outcomes were symptom experience, health status, coping capacity, mindfulness, posttraumatic growth, and immune status. This RTC assigned 166 women with breast cancer to one of three groups: MBSR (8 weekly group sessions of MBSR), active controls (self-instructing MBSR) and non-MBSR...
May 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421384/the-efficacy-of-guolin-qigong-on-the-body-mind-health-of-chinese-women-with-breast-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Pei Liu, Jieshu You, Wing T Y Loo, Youzhi Sun, Yanhua He, Huiping Sit, Lei Jia, Meikuen Wong, Zhiyu Xia, Xiao Zheng, Zhiyu Wang, Neng Wang, Lixing Lao, Jianping Chen
PURPOSE: This study was to evaluate the efficacy of a complementary Chinese treatment modality Guolin-Qigong (GLQG) for patients with breast cancer on the body-mind health. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted among 158 women with breast cancer. Subjects were randomized to receive GLQG (test group) versus a physical stretching program (control group) following conventional treatment for breast cancer. GLQG and stretching interventions were performed twice a week over 24 weeks...
April 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418198/stress-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-recurrent-seizures-in-adults
#13
Elisa Baldin, W Allen Hauser, Alison Pack, Dale C Hesdorffer
OBJECTIVE: The literature is sparse on the complex interrelationships between stressors, depression, anxiety disorders, and epilepsy. We hypothesized that a relationship exists between stress and epilepsy. We evaluated whether markers of stress are associated with seizure recurrence in a low income community-based cohort of adults with single unprovoked seizure or newly diagnosed epilepsy. METHODS: We ascertained adult residents of Northern Manhattan and Harlem, New York City, with a first unprovoked seizure or newly diagnosed epilepsy, between December 2010 and January 2013...
June 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414965/response-to-a-mindful-self-compassion-intervention-in-teens-a-within-person-association-of-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-emotional-well-being-outcomes
#14
Karen Bluth, Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul
As adolescence can be a stressful developmental stage, the purpose of this study was to determine if a novel mindful self-compassion program would decrease stress, depressive symptoms, and anxiety and increase resilience, gratitude, and curiosity/exploration (positive risk-taking), and to ascertain if mindfulness and self-compassion co-varied with these outcomes over time. Forty-seven adolescents in the southeast U.S. enrolled in an 8-week mindful self-compassion course in five cohorts. Measures were assessed at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 6-week follow-up...
June 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409168/a-comparative-study-of-mindfulness-efficiency-based-on-islamic-spiritual-schemes-and-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-reduction-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-pregnant-women
#15
Elahe Aslami, Ahmad Alipour, Fatemeh Sadat Najib, Alireza Aghayosefi
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression during the pregnancy period are among the factors affecting the pregnancy undesirable outcomes and delivery. One way of controlling anxiety and depression is mindfulness and cognitive behavioral therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficiency of mindfulness based on the Islamic-spiritual schemas and group cognitive behavioral therapy on reduction of anxiety and depression in pregnant women. METHODS: The research design was semi-experimental in the form of pretest-posttest using a control group...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394171/a-functional-analysis-of-two-transdiagnostic-emotion-focused-interventions-on-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#16
Kate H Bentley, Matthew K Nock, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Bernard S Gorman, David H Barlow
OBJECTIVE: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent and associated with clinically significant consequences. Developing time-efficient and cost-effective interventions for NSSI has proven difficult given that the critical components for NSSI treatment remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the specific effects of mindful emotion awareness training and cognitive reappraisal, 2 transdiagnostic treatment strategies that purportedly address the functional processes thought to maintain self-injurious behavior, on NSSI urges and acts...
June 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377804/mindfulness-in-psychiatry-where-are-we-now
#17
EDITORIAL
Paramabandhu Groves
Mindfulness is an increasingly popular therapeutic approach. Mindfulness-based interventions have been tried out in a wide range of mental disorders, with the strongest evidence for use in depression and anxiety. Mindfulness operates by changing the person's relationship with unhelpful thoughts and emotions. The need for home practice is both a strength and a weakness. Some find home practice too demanding and a barrier to effective utilisation of mindfulness. Others discover a set of practical tools that, once learnt, can be applied to ongoing life difficulties; in this way mindfulness may have a place in promoting recovery beyond the acute treatment of a disorder...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370730/mind-body-medicine-and-lifestyle-modification-in-supportive-cancer-care-a-cohort-study-on-a-day-care-clinic-program-for-cancer-patients
#18
Michael Jeitler, Jessica Jaspers, Christel von Scheidt, Barbara Koch, Andreas Michalsen, Nico Steckhan, Christian S Kessler
OBJECTIVE: We developed an integrative day care clinic program for cancer patients focusing on mind-body techniques and health-promoting lifestyle modification (7-hour once-per-week group sessions over 12 weeks). METHODS: A cohort study design with a waiting group was implemented. Outcome parameters were assessed at the beginning, at the end of the active program, and at a 6-month follow-up. Patients waiting >4 and <12 weeks before treatment start were allocated to the waiting group and additionally assessed at the start of their day care program...
March 31, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361569/processes-of-change-in-a-school-based-mindfulness-programme-cognitive-reactivity-and-self-coldness-as-mediators
#19
Katleen Van der Gucht, Keisuke Takano, Filip Raes, Peter Kuppens
The underlying mechanisms of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions for emotional well-being remain poorly understood. Here, we examined the potential mediating effects of cognitive reactivity and self-compassion on symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress using data from an earlier randomised controlled school trial. A moderated time-lagged mediation model based on multilevel modelling was used to analyse the data. The findings showed that post-treatment changes in cognitive reactivity and self-coldness, an aspect of self-compassion, mediated subsequent changes in symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress...
March 31, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357966/a-randomised-controlled-study-of-mindfulness-meditation-versus-relaxation-therapy-in-the-management-of-tinnitus
#20
M Arif, M Sadlier, D Rajenderkumar, J James, T Tahir
OBJECTIVE: Psychotherapeutic interventions have been adopted effectively in the management of tinnitus for a long time. This study compared mindfulness meditation and relaxation therapy for management of tinnitus. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, patients were recruited for five sessions of mindfulness meditation or five sessions of relaxation therapy. Patients' responses were evaluated using the Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire as a primary outcome measure, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, visual analogue scale and a health status indicator as secondary outcome measures...
June 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
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