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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783263/monitoring-of-efficiency-of-dental-caries-management-in-children-s-temporary-teeth-throughout-poltava-oblast
#1
Olha V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Tetiana V Polishchuk, Kateryna S Kazakova, Sofiya S Bauman, Natalia A Lyakhova, Iryna M Tkachenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Dental caries is still a major health care problem not only in Ukraine but throughout the world. Complicated dental caries currently ranks the leading position among the oral diseases in children. The aim of this study is to carry out a analysis of the epidemiology of dental caries and its complications, and to evaluate the efficiency of the caries treatment for temporary teeth among the children of Poltava oblast over the last decade based on the data of the annual reports...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783249/prognosis-of-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-dm-type-2-by-logistic-regression
#2
Alina Urbanovych, Halyna Suslyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) type 2 is an important medical and social problem all around the world. One of the most serious and widespread complications of DM type 2 is a damage to the cardiovascular system. The aim was to study the way of how to predict the IHD development in patients with the newly diagnosed DM type 2 by building a mathematical model with the help of statistical method, in particular, a logistic regression, which allows predicting the occurrence of IHD by the levels of proven biochemical and anthropometric indices...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783246/-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0%C2%BA-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B1-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0-%C3%B0
#3
Nataliia O Rynhach, Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: This publication focuses on role of physical activity in promoting and protecting health and well-being. Physical activity is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. The public's awareness of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases is an important component of their control. The aim: To estimate the level of knowledge of the working age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors for non-communicable diseases (with an emphasis on lack of physical activity and its consequences) according to qualitative and quantitative sociological research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783234/-myocardial-bridge-as-the-only-cause-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-among-the-young-patients
#4
Liudmila O Miakinkova, Yurii V Teslenko, Irina V Tsyhanenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Myocardial bridge is an inborn anomaly of coronary artery development, when a part of it is submerged in a myocard, which is pressing the coronary artery to a systola and restrains coronary blood circulation. Generally this feature of coronary blood circulation does not cause any clinical symptoms because the 85% of coronary blood stream of the left ventricle is provided by diastolic filling. Hemodynamic changes in atherosclerosis, tahicardie, hypertrophie of myocard are leading to the manifestation of clinical symptoms of ischemia...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783228/awareness-of-pediatric-palliative-care-among-health-care-workers
#5
Oryna Z Detsyk, Zhanna M Zolotarova, Iryna V Stovban, Roman M Melnyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In order to develop such a relatively new type of medical care in Ukraine, as pediatric palliative care, first of all, qualified medical workers are needed. The aim: to assess the awareness of pediatric palliative care among healthcare workers providing medical services to children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: It was carried out a survey at health facilities of Ivano-Frankivsk region, which provided medical care for children...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783224/influence-of-risk-factors-on-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-overweight-and-obesity
#6
Tetiana Maksymets, Natalia Karpyshyn, Taras Gutor, Helen Sklyarova, Eugen Sklyarov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Obesity is a multifactorial, heterogenic disease, associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, chronic liver and kidney diseases. Excessive body weight and obesity are serious medical and social problems, since their incidence is constantly increasing and has reached global epidemic proportions. The aim: Determining the influence of risk factors on insulin resistance level in patients with overweight and obesity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783216/-complex-of-psycho-hygienic-correction-measures-of-personality-features-of-hiv-infected-men-and-evaluation-of-their-efficiency
#7
Ihor V Serheta, Oksana B Dudarenko, Olha P Mostova, Tetiana V Lobastova, Vitalii M Andriichuk, Larysa M Vakolyuk, Olha M Yakubovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In addition to adequate diagnosis and treatment of HIV-infected individuals, development, scientific substantiation and implementation of psycho-hygienic measures aimed at correcting the processes of forming personality traits and improving the psycho-emotional state of HIV-infected individuals are of particular importance. The aim: The purpose of the scientific research was to determine the most significant changes of situational and personal anxiety indicators, the degree of gravity of the asthenic state and depressive manifestations that were recorded in the context of the introduction of a number of measures for psycho-hygienic correction...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783213/-socioecological-features-of-the-epidemiology-of-sarcoidosis-in-the-poltava-region-ukraine
#8
Dmytro M Boiko, Volodymyr H Pecherytsia, Oksana S Boiko, Svitlana M Kulyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Lung sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease that can affect various organs and systems of a person. Due to the lack of a uniform standardized approach to the diagnosis of sarcoidosis, the epidemiological pattern is heterogeneous and depends on many factors. The aim: To investigate the correlation between the number of patients with sarcoidosis among the population of the Poltava region (Ukraine) and the ecological characteristics of the industrial activity of the region in comparison with the data on the availability of subspecialists in respiratory diseases...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783162/a-peripheral-immune-response-to-remembering-trauma-contributes-to-the-maintenance-of-fear-memory-in-mice
#9
Matthew B Young, Leonard L Howell, Lauren Hopkins, Cassandra Moshfegh, Zhe Yu, Lauren Clubb, Jessica Seidenberg, Jeanie Park, Adam P Swiercz, Paul J Marvar
Alterations in peripheral immune markers are observed in individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD is characterized in part by impaired extinction of fear memory for a traumatic experience. We hypothesized that fear memory extinction is regulated by immune signaling stimulated when fear memory is retrieved. The relationship between fear memory and the peripheral immune response was tested using auditory Pavlovian fear conditioning in mice. Memory for the association was quantified by the amount of conditioned freezing exhibited in response to the conditioned stimulus (CS), extinction and time-dependent changes in circulating inflammatory cytokines...
May 17, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783157/vaccines-and-the-association-with-relapses-in-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder
#10
Maureen A Mealy, Lawrence J Cook, Florence Pache, Diego L Velez, Nadja Borisow, Daniel Becker, Jorge A Jimenez Arango, Friedemann Paul, Michael Levy
BACKGROUND: It is unknown if vaccines cause non-specific immune activation in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and no consensus on the use of vaccines exists for this population. We investigated the temporal association of vaccinations with relapses in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. METHODS: This is a multi-center retrospective analysis of patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder for whom immunization history and clinical records from disease onset were available...
May 7, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783156/transient-impairment-of-olfactory-threshold-in-acute-multiple-sclerosis-relapse
#11
Gabriel Bsteh, Harald Hegen, Felix Ladstätter, Klaus Berek, Matthias Amprosi, Sebastian Wurth, Michael Auer, Franziska Di Pauli, Florian Deisenhammer, Andreas Lutterotti, Thomas Berger
BACKGROUND: Impairment of olfactory threshold is a feature of early and active relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). It predicts inflammatory disease activity and was reported to be transient. However, the timing of onset and resolve of olfactory threshold impairment remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively assess the development of olfactory threshold in acute MS relapse over time in comparison to stable MS patients. METHODS: In a prospective observational design, we measured olfactory threshold by performing the Sniffin' Sticks test (minimum score 0, maximum score 16 reflecting optimal olfactory function) at baseline and after 4, 12 and 24 weeks...
May 18, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783154/enhanced-removal-of-p-nitrophenol-from-aqueous-media-by-montmorillonite-clay-modified-with-a-cationic-surfactant
#12
A Dos Santos, M F Viante, D J Pochapski, A J Downs, C A P Almeida
Montmorillonite clay (MC) yields after modification of the interlamellar spacing and the chemical character of its surface by treatment with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) a solid product (MCCTA). This has been used as an adsorbent for the removal of p-nitrophenol (PNP) from aqueous solutions. The MCCTA samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTA), FT-IR spectroscopy, zeta potential measurements, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and specific surface area...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783103/sleep-spindles-and-cognitive-performance-across-adolescence-a-meta-analytic-review
#13
C M Reynolds, M A Short, M Gradisar
Higher sleep spindle activity generally relates to better cognitive performance in adults, while studies in children often show the opposite. As children become young adults, there is rapid brain maturation and development of higher-order cognitive functions, and therefore investigations within this age group may elucidate the relationship between spindles and cognition in this developmental period. Twelve studies published between 2009 and 2016 were identified. Meta-analyses revealed a positive relationship between spindles and cognition overall (r = 0...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783100/cd133-cells-derived-from-skeletal-muscles-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-patients-have-a-compromised-myogenic-and-muscle-regenerative-capability
#14
Jinhong Meng, Francesco Muntoni, Jennifer Morgan
Cell-mediated gene therapy is a possible means to treat muscular dystrophies like Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Autologous patient stem cells can be genetically-corrected and transplanted back into the patient, without causing immunorejection problems. Regenerated muscle fibres derived from these cells will express the missing dystrophin protein, thus improving muscle function. CD133+ cells derived from normal human skeletal muscle contribute to regenerated muscle fibres and form muscle stem cells after their intra-muscular transplantation into an immunodeficient mouse model...
May 12, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783092/the-impact-of-intimate-partner-violence-on-women-s-contraceptive-use-evidence-from-the-rakai-community-cohort-study-in-rakai-uganda
#15
Lauren Maxwell, Heena Brahmbhatt, Anthony Ndyanabo, Jennifer Wagman, Gertrude Nakigozi, Jay S Kaufman, Fred Nalugoda, David Serwadda, Arijit Nandi
A systematic review of longitudinal studies suggests that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with reduced contraceptive use, but most included studies were limited to two time points. We used seven waves of data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study in Rakai, Uganda to estimate the effect of prior year IPV at one visit on women's current contraceptive use at the following visit. We used inverse probability of treatment-weighted marginal structural models (MSMs) to estimate the relative risk of current contraceptive use comparing women who were exposed to emotional, physical, and/or sexual IPV during the year prior to interview to those who were not...
May 5, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783077/effects-of-prolonged-exposure-and-virtual-reality-exposure-on-suicidal-ideation-in-active-duty-soldiers-an-examination-of-potential-mechanisms
#16
REVIEW
Aaron M Norr, Derek J Smolenski, Greg M Reger
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the effects of exposure therapy on suicidal ideation (SI), as well as potential mechanistic pathways of SI reduction among active duty military personnel. METHODS: Active duty army soldiers (N = 162) were recruited from a military base in the U.S. and were enrolled in a randomized clinical trial comparing Prolonged Exposure (PE), Virtual Reality Exposure (VRE), and a wait-list control for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) stemming from deployments to Iraq or Afghanistan...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783060/sleep-dependent-consolidation-patterns-reveal-insights-into-episodic-memory-structure
#17
Carlos N Oyanedel, Anuck Sawangjit, Jan Born, Marion Inostroza
Episodic memory formation is considered a genuinely hippocampal function. Its study in rodents has relied on two different task paradigms, i.e. the so called "what-where-when" (WW-When) task and "what-where-which" (WW-Which) task. The WW-When task aims to assess the memory for an episode as an event bound into its context defined by spatial and distinct temporal information, the WW-Which task lacks the temporal component and introduces, instead, an "occasion setter" marking the broader contextual configuration in which the event occurred...
May 18, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783048/effect-of-auriculotherapy-on-the-plasma-concentration-of-biomarkers-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
Rebeca Graça Costa-Cavalcanti, Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo, Eloá Moreira-Marconi, Cristiane Ribeiro Kütter, Samuel Brandão-Sobrinho-Neto, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Marcia Cristina Moura-Fernandes, João Marcelo Castelpoggi da Costa, José Maurício de Morais Carmo, José Firmino Nogueira-Neto, Shyang Chang, Mario Bernardo-Filho
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is one of the most frequent non-communicable diseases with pain associated symptoms and affects the musculoskeletal system. Various forms of treatment can be indicated and non-pharmacological treatment is also an available option for the management of KOA individuals. For instance, auriculotherapy (AT) is one possible procedure associated with the Traditional Chinese Medicine for dealing with KOA. It is believed that the concentration of certain biomarkers could be altered in individuals with KOA after AT...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783047/stroma-cell-derived-factor-1-and-connexins-37-and-43-are-preserved-after-vitrification-and-in-vitro-culture-of-goat-ovarian-cortex
#19
Nathalie Jiatsa Donfack, Kele Amaral Alves, Benner Geraldo Alves, Rebeca Magalhães Pedrosa Rocha, Jamily Bezzera Bruno, Marcelo Bertolini, Regiane Rodrigues Dos Santos, Sheyla Farhaydes Souza Domingues, José Ricardo De Figueiredo, Johan Smitz, Ana Paula Ribeiro Rodrigues
This study aimed to evaluate the follicular morphology and development (follicular activation, cell proliferation, and hormone production), as well as the distribution pattern of Connexins 37 and 43 and SDF-1α after vitrification and in vitro culture of goat ovarian tissue. The study involved four experimental groups: fresh control, vitrified control, fresh culture and vitrified culture. The ovarian fragments were vitrified by a solid surface technique using the Ovarian Tissue Cryosystem and subsequently in vitro cultured for 7 days...
May 12, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783044/tomato-type-and-post-treatment-water-rinse-affect-efficacy-of-acid-washes-against-salmonella-enterica-inoculated-on-stem-scars-of-tomatoes-and-product-quality
#20
Xuetong Fan, Joshua B Gurtler, Kimberly J B Sokorai
A study was conducted to evaluate the effects of post-treatment rinsing with water on the inactivation efficacy of acid treatments against Salmonella inoculated onto stem scar areas of two types of tomatoes. In addition, impact on fruit quality was investigated during 21 days post-treatment storage at 10 °C. A four-strain cocktail of Salmonella enterica (S. Montevideo, S. Newport, S. Saintpaul, and S. Typhimurium) was inoculated onto stem scar areas of grape and large round tomatoes. The inoculated fruits were then treated for 2 min with the following solutions: water, 2% lactic acid +2% acetic acid +2% levulinic acid, 1...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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