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Ego states

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928696/affective-disorders-and-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms-the-moderating-role-of-resilience
#1
Nunzia Rainone, Alessandro Chiodi, Roberta Lanzillo, Valeria Magri, Anna Napolitano, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Paolo Valerio, Maria Francesca Freda
PURPOSE: To investigate the moderating role of resilience in the relationship between affective disorders and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) for adolescents and young adults with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A quantitative methodology was adopted. Fifty-three adolescents and young adults were interviewed to assess resilience as a personality trait (Ego-Resiliency Scale) and resilience as an interactive competence (CYRM-28), Health-Related Quality of Life (PedsQL 4...
December 7, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881966/the-effect-of-implicit-preferences-on-food-consumption-moderating-role-of-ego-depletion-and-impulsivity
#2
Yan Wang, Jinglei Zhu, Yi Hu, Yuan Fang, Guosen Wang, Xianghua Cui, Lei Wang
Ego depletion has been found to moderate the effect of implicit preferences on food consumption, such that implicit preferences predict consumption only under a depleted state. The present study tested how trait impulsivity impacts the effect of implicit preferences on food consumption in a depleted condition. Trait impulsivity was measured by means of self-report and a stop signal task. Results showed that both self-reported impulsivity and behavioral impulsivity moderated the 'depletion and then eating according to implicit preferences' effect, albeit in different ways...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774263/child-ego-state-is-associated-with-high-prevalence-of-repeated-hospitalizations-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#3
Kiyotaka Yanagihara, Yoshiharu Kinugasa, Kinya Shirota, Yoshiaki Inoue, Hiroshige Ishii, Fumiyo Tsunoda, Masaaki Iwata, Shinobu Sugihara, Shinya Takeda, Masayuki Hirai, Asao Mimura, Masahiko Kato, Kazuhiro Yamamoto
AIMS: Inadequate self-care management is a leading cause of re-hospitalization in patients with heart failure (HF). Psychological factors such as some ego functions interfere with self-care behaviour modification, leading to poor outcomes in patients with several chronic diseases. However, characteristics of ego states in patients with repeated hospitalization for HF remain undefined. METHODS AND RESULTS: The present study enrolled 40 HF outpatients with previous history of HF hospitalization and receiving self-care management...
March 2016: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736021/irreversible-deterioration-of-cortical-and-trabecular-microstructure-associated-with-breastfeeding
#4
Åshild Bjørnerem, Ali Ghasem-Zadeh, Xiaofang Wang, Minh Bui, Susan P Walker, Roger Zebaze, Ego Seeman
Estrogen deficiency associated with menopause is accompanied by an increase in the rate of bone remodeling and the appearance of a remodeling imbalance; each of the greater number of remodeling transactions deposits less bone than was resorbed, resulting in microstructural deterioration. The newly deposited bone is also less completely mineralized than the older bone resorbed. We examined whether breastfeeding, an estrogen-deficient state, compromises bone microstructure and matrix mineral density. Distal tibial and distal radial microarchitecture were quantified using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography in 58 women before, during, and after breastfeeding and in 48 controls during follow-up of 1 to 5 years...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714429/alterations-of-consciousness-and-mystical-type-experiences-after-acute-lsd-in-humans
#5
Matthias E Liechti, Patrick C Dolder, Yasmin Schmid
RATIONALE: Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is used recreationally and in clinical research. Acute mystical-type experiences that are acutely induced by hallucinogens are thought to contribute to their potential therapeutic effects. However, no data have been reported on LSD-induced mystical experiences and their relationship to alterations of consciousness. Additionally, LSD dose- and concentration-response functions with regard to alterations of consciousness are lacking. METHODS: We conducted two placebo-controlled, double-blind, cross-over studies using oral administration of 100 and 200 μg LSD in 24 and 16 subjects, respectively...
October 7, 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564574/predicting-athletes-functional-and-dysfunctional-emotions-the-role-of-the-motivational-climate-and-motivation-regulations
#6
Montse C Ruiz, Saara Haapanen, Asko Tolvanen, Claudio Robazza, Joan L Duda
This study examined the relationships between perceptions of the motivational climate, motivation regulations, and the intensity and functionality levels of athletes' pleasant and unpleasant emotional states. Specifically, we examined the hypothesised mediational role of motivation regulations in the climate-emotion relationship. We also tested a sequence in which emotions were assumed to be predicted by the motivational climate dimensions and then served as antecedents to variability in motivation regulations...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531135/how-do-abnormalities-in-the-brain-s-spontaneous-activity-translate-into-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-from-an-overview-of-resting-state-activity-findings-to-a-proposed-spatiotemporal-psychopathology
#7
Georg Northoff, Niall W Duncan
Schizophrenia is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder with a variety of symptoms that include sensorimotor, affective, cognitive, and social changes. The exact neuronal mechanisms underlying these symptoms remain unclear though. Neuroimaging has focused mainly on the brain's extrinsic activity, specifically task-evoked or stimulus-induced activity, as related to the sensorimotor, affective, cognitive, and social functions. Recently, the focus has shifted to the brain's spontaneous activity, otherwise known as its resting state activity...
August 12, 2016: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527225/testing-the-glucose-hypothesis-among-capuchin-monkeys-does-glucose-boost-self-control
#8
Audrey E Parrish, Ishara D Emerson, Mattea S Rossettie, Michael J Beran
The ego-depletion hypothesis states that self-control diminishes over time and with exertion. Accordingly, the glucose hypothesis attributes this depletion of self-control resources to decreases in blood glucose levels. Research has led to mixed findings among humans and nonhuman animals, with limited evidence for such a link between glucose and self-control among closely-related nonhuman primate species, but some evidence from more distantly related species (e.g., honeybees and dogs). We tested this hypothesis in capuchin monkeys by manipulating the sugar content of a calorie-matched breakfast meal following a nocturnal fast, and then presenting each monkey with the accumulation self-control task...
August 3, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477831/psychological-and-behavioral-acculturation-in-a-social-network-of-mexican-americans-in-the-united-states-and-use-of-dental-services
#9
G Maupome, W R McConnell, B L Perry, R Marino, E R Wright
OBJECTIVES: We used data from the TalaSurvey study to examine associations between dental health experiences, social network characteristics, and levels of behavioral and psychological acculturation in one location in the American Midwest. METHODS: Starting in parishes and community organizations, we identified adults of Mexican origin living in Indianapolis, who were 1st- or 2nd-generation immigrants from Tala, Mexico. Using a social networks methodology and following extensive formative research, we created an egocentric social network survey and administered it via face-to-face interviews...
August 1, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474142/a-multilab-preregistered-replication-of-the-ego-depletion-effect
#10
Martin S Hagger, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis
Good self-control has been linked to adaptive outcomes such as better health, cohesive personal relationships, success in the workplace and at school, and less susceptibility to crime and addictions. In contrast, self-control failure is linked to maladaptive outcomes. Understanding the mechanisms by which self-control predicts behavior may assist in promoting better regulation and outcomes. A popular approach to understanding self-control is the strength or resource depletion model. Self-control is conceptualized as a limited resource that becomes depleted after a period of exertion resulting in self-control failure...
July 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428690/interprofessional-communication-in-healthcare-an-integrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Cynthia Foronda, Brent MacWilliams, Erin McArthur
The link between miscommunication and poor patient outcomes has been well documented. To understand the current state of knowledge regarding interprofessional communication, an integrative review was performed. The review suggested that nurses and physicians are trained differently and they exhibit differences in communication styles. The distinct frustrations that nurses and physicians expressed with each other were discussed. Egos, lack of confidence, lack of organization and structural hierarchies hindered relationships and communications...
July 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281981/-the-reception-of-heinz-kohut-in-germany
#12
Wolfgang Milch
First the discussion of Kohut's new ideas in the United States is sketched as a background. The response to these ideas was divided: on the one hand they were hailed as important innovations of psychoanalytic theory, and a circle of colleagues formed around their author; on the other hand they were violently rejected, and old friends distanced themselves from him. In Germany Kuhut's ideas were initially well received. His visits, lectures and supervisions resulted in a lively exchange and a number of friendships...
2016: Luzifer-Amor: Zeitschrift Zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254651/a-masked-negative-self-esteem-implicit-and-explicit-self-esteem-in-patients-with-narcissistic-personality-disorder
#13
Marlies A E Marissen, Marlies E Brouwer, Annemarie M F Hiemstra, Mathijs L Deen, Ingmar H A Franken
The mask model of narcissism states that the narcissistic traits of patients with NPD are the result of a compensatory reaction to underlying ego fragility. This model assumes that high explicit self-esteem masks low implicit self-esteem. However, research on narcissism has predominantly focused on non-clinical participants and data derived from patients diagnosed with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) remain scarce. Therefore, the goal of the present study was to test the mask model hypothesis of narcissism among patients with NPD...
August 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27248042/freud-on-the-death-drive-as-existence-without-tension
#14
Brian O'Connor
Freud's notion of the death drive is complex and arguably ambiguous. This paper, however, proposes that Freud's thoughts on our organic dynamic towards tensionlessness provide us with a cohesive path through the diverse characteristics that are attributed to the death drive. The paper shows that Freud is interested in giving expression to a kind of disavowal of personhood that may present itself symptomatically. A tensionless state can be gained by a dynamic release of the individual from the pressures of the ego...
June 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196012/resistance-to-healing-the-wounded-self-a-psychodynamic-rationale-for-a-targeted-treatment
#15
Arreed Barabasz, Marianne Barabasz, Ciara Christensen
The purpose of this article is to shed light on the psychodynamic complexities of the resistance encountered in treating the wounded self. Conceptualized on the basis of ego state therapy it offers a rationale for the use of precision-targeted abreactive hypnosis to treat these patients. Grounded in evidence-based efficacy research, the authors also briefly explain how to target treatment in wounded-self patients.
July 2016: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182267/ego-states-of-nurses-working-in-psychiatric-clinics-according-to-transactional-analysis-theory
#16
Melike Yonder Ertem, Ayla Kececi
OBJECTIVE: An effective interpersonal communication is an essential nursing skill required to help provide quality health care and meet the treatment objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate the communication between the psychiatric nurses and the patients in terms of Transactional Analysis Theory ego states. METHODS: The quantitative and qualitative research methods were used. The descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation) were used in the data analysis and Kendall's Tau-c coefficient was used to assess the agreement among the observers...
March 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151536/lsd-induced-entropic-brain-activity-predicts-subsequent-personality-change
#17
A V Lebedev, M Kaelen, M Lövdén, J Nilsson, A Feilding, D J Nutt, R L Carhart-Harris
Personality is known to be relatively stable throughout adulthood. Nevertheless, it has been shown that major life events with high personal significance, including experiences engendered by psychedelic drugs, can have an enduring impact on some core facets of personality. In the present, balanced-order, placebo-controlled study, we investigated biological predictors of post-lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) changes in personality. Nineteen healthy adults underwent resting state functional MRI scans under LSD (75µg, I...
September 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142046/uninstructed-biat-faking-when-ego-depleted-or-in-normal-state-differential-effect-on-brain-and-behavior
#18
Wanja Wolff, Sebastian Schindler, Christoph Englert, Ralf Brand, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: Deception can distort psychological tests on socially sensitive topics. Understanding the cerebral processes that are involved in such faking can be useful in detection and prevention of deception. Previous research shows that faking a brief implicit association test (BIAT) evokes a characteristic ERP response. It is not yet known whether temporarily available self-control resources moderate this response. We randomly assigned 22 participants (15 females, 24.23 ± 2.91 years old) to a counterbalanced repeated-measurements design...
2016: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098419/effects-of-anxiety-on-novice-genetic-counseling-students-experience-of-supervised-clinical-rotations
#19
Ian M MacFarlane, Pat McCarthy Veach, Janelle E Grier, Derek J Meister, Bonnie S LeRoy
Supervised clinical experiences with patients comprise a critical component of genetic counseling student education. Previous research has found genetic counseling students tend to be more anxiety prone than the general population, and anxiety related to supervision has been found in genetic counseling and related fields. The present study investigated how anxiety affects the experience of supervision for genetic counseling students. Second year genetic counseling students were invited to participate through email invitations distributed via training directors of the 33 programs accredited at the time of the study by the American Board of Genetic Counseling...
August 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071089/neural-correlates-of-the-lsd-experience-revealed-by-multimodal-neuroimaging
#20
Robin L Carhart-Harris, Suresh Muthukumaraswamy, Leor Roseman, Mendel Kaelen, Wouter Droog, Kevin Murphy, Enzo Tagliazucchi, Eduardo E Schenberg, Timothy Nest, Csaba Orban, Robert Leech, Luke T Williams, Tim M Williams, Mark Bolstridge, Ben Sessa, John McGonigle, Martin I Sereno, David Nichols, Peter J Hellyer, Peter Hobden, John Evans, Krish D Singh, Richard G Wise, H Valerie Curran, Amanda Feilding, David J Nutt
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is the prototypical psychedelic drug, but its effects on the human brain have never been studied before with modern neuroimaging. Here, three complementary neuroimaging techniques: arterial spin labeling (ASL), blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) measures, and magnetoencephalography (MEG), implemented during resting state conditions, revealed marked changes in brain activity after LSD that correlated strongly with its characteristic psychological effects. Increased visual cortex cerebral blood flow (CBF), decreased visual cortex alpha power, and a greatly expanded primary visual cortex (V1) functional connectivity profile correlated strongly with ratings of visual hallucinations, implying that intrinsic brain activity exerts greater influence on visual processing in the psychedelic state, thereby defining its hallucinatory quality...
April 26, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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