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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637130/community-integration-and-life-satisfaction-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-after-receiving-institutional-care-in-bangladesh
#1
Nayeema Ahmed, Mohammad Morshedul Quadir, Mohammad Akhlasur Rahman, Hasanat Alamgir
PURPOSE: This study reports level of community integration and life satisfaction among individuals who sustained traumatic spinal cord injuries, received institutional rehabilitation care services, and went back to live in the community in Bangladesh. It examines the impact of type of injury, demographic characteristics, socio-economic profile, and secondary health conditions on community integration and life satisfaction and explores the association between these two measures. METHOD: Individuals with spinal cord injury were telephone interviewed by the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed, Bangladesh from February to June of 2014...
February 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636972/assessing-landowners-attitudes-toward-wild-hogs-and-support-for-control-options
#2
Carlotta A Caplenor, Neelam C Poudyal, Lisa I Muller, Chuck Yoest
Wild hogs (Sus scrofa) are an invasive species with destructive habits, particularly rooting and wallowing, which can directly impact agricultural crops, pasture land, and water quality. Considering wild hogs are widely dispersed across the landscape, they are extremely difficult to control. Disagreements can arise among different stakeholders over whether and how their populations should be managed. The purpose of this article was to examine Tennessee, United States landowners' attitudes toward wild hogs, to compare acceptability of control methods, and to evaluate factors significantly influencing public support for regulations to control wild hogs...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636674/behavior-change-communication-activities-improve-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-knowledge-and-practice-of-neighboring-non-participants-in-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#3
John Hoddinott, Ishita Ahmed, Akhter Ahmed, Shalini Roy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact on infant and young child nutrition knowledge and practice of mothers who were neighbors of mothers participating in a nutrition Behavior Change Communication (BCC) intervention in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: We analyzed data from 300 mothers whose neighbor participated in a nutrition BCC intervention and 600 mothers whose neighbor participated in an intervention that did not include BCC. We constructed measures capturing mothers' knowledge of infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) and measures of food consumption by children 6-24m...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635464/cancer-survival-rates-higher-when-travelling-further-to-a-gp
#4
(no author information available yet)
Patients in rural areas and those in urban areas who have to travel further to see a GP have better cancer survival rates, research has found.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635239/-an-analysis-of-incidence-trends-and-characteristics-of-soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-beijing-1999-2013
#5
L Yang, Z W Fang, Z F Fan, N Wang, Y N Yuan, H C Li, S Liu
Objective: To analyze the incidence trends and to describe the characteristics of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) among residents in Beijing from 1999 to 2013. Methods: Medical information of the cases diagnosed as STS(ICD10: C47&C49) from 1999 to 2013 in Beijing was extracted from the population-based database of Beijing Cancer Registry.Crude incidence rate, age-standardized incidence rates to Chinese population (ASRC)and the world population(ASRW) were calculated. The characteristics of the STS cases in different gender and age groups from urban and rural areas were respectively analyzed...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634576/disability-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-correlations-with-quality-of-life-and-patient-s-characteristics
#6
Konstantinos Argyriou, Andreas Kapsoritakis, Konstantinos Oikonomou, Anastassios Manolakis, Eirini Tsakiridou, Spyridon Potamianos
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases may cause significant disability. However, little is known regarding the life domains where patients encounter most limitations. OBJECTIVES: To assess patients' overall disability and determine the life domains where most restrictions were applied. Secondarily, we sought for possible relationships among disability, quality of life (HRQoL), and population characteristics. METHOD: The study lasted for two years (2013-2015) and included 200 patients [52%  ulcerative  colitis  (UC)] from a referral centre...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634546/low-hemoglobin-among-pregnant-women-in-midwives-practice-of-primary-health-care-jatinangor-indonesia-iron-deficiency-anemia-or-%C3%AE-thalassemia-trait
#7
Ari Indra Susanti, Edhyana Sahiratmadja, Gatot Winarno, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Herman Susanto, Ramdan Panigoro
Low hemoglobin (Hb) or anemia is common among pregnant women in developing countries which may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes and maternal deaths. Our study aimed to assess Hb level measured by midwives in primary health care facility at rural area of Jatinangor, Indonesia, and to explore whether the anemia was due to iron deficiency (IDA) or β-thalassemia trait (β-TT). Pregnant women (n = 105) had finger prick test for Hb level during a regular antenatal care examination from October to November 2016. Hb level by finger prick test was compared with venous blood, measured by complete blood count (CBC)...
2017: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633678/variation-in-empiric-coverage-versus-detection-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-hospitalizations-for-community-onset-pneumonia-across-128-us-veterans-affairs-medical-centers
#8
Barbara E Jones, Kevin Antoine Brown, Makoto M Jones, Benedikt D Huttner, Tom Greene, Brian C Sauer, Karl Madaras-Kelly, Michael A Rubin, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Matthew H Samore
OBJECTIVE To examine variation in antibiotic coverage and detection of resistant pathogens in community-onset pneumonia. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING A total of 128 hospitals in the Veterans Affairs health system. PARTICIPANTS Hospitalizations with a principal diagnosis of pneumonia from 2009 through 2010. METHODS We examined proportions of hospitalizations with empiric antibiotic coverage for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PAER) and with initial detection in blood or respiratory cultures...
June 21, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633654/physical-activity-and-associated-factors-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-adults-in-northern-tanzania
#9
Beatrice John, Jim Todd, Innocent Mboya, Mary Mosha, Mark Urassa, Tara Mtuy
BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a major contributing factor in the growing problem of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in urban and rural Sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to determine PA and associated factors among adults in Northern Tanzania. METHODS: We analyzed secondary data from a cross-sectional serological survey nested within the Magu health and demographic sentinel surveillance population in Magu District Northwestern Tanzania. All resident adults aged 15 years and older were invited to participate in the study, and physical activity data were analyzed for 5663 participants...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633653/household-cereal-crop-harvest-and-children-s-nutritional-status-in-rural-burkina-faso
#10
Kristine Belesova, Antonio Gasparrini, Ali Sié, Rainer Sauerborn, Paul Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Reduction of child undernutrition is one of the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. Achievement of this goal may be made more difficult in some settings by climate change through adverse impact on agricultural productivity. However, there is only limited quantitative evidence on the link between household crop harvests and child nutrition. We examined this link in a largely subsistence farming population in rural Burkina Faso. METHODS: Data on the middle-upper arm circumference (MUAC) of 975 children ≤5 years of age, household crop yields, and other parameters were obtained from the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#11
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633176/determinants-of-the-5-year-retention-and-rural-location-of-family-physicians-results-from-the-iowa-family-medicine-training-network
#12
Gregory C Nelson, Thomas S Gruca
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: States are seeking ways to retain primary care physicians trained within their borders. We analyzed the 5-year retention and rural Iowa location decisions for 1,645 graduates of the Iowa Family Medicine Training Network (IFMTN)-eight residency programs (in seven different cities) that are affiliated with the Carver College of Medicine (University of Iowa). METHODS: Data from 1977-2014 includes 98.5% of active graduates. Location in Iowa 5 years after graduation was the dependent variable in a binary logistic regression...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633171/examining-accuracy-of-self-assessment-of-in-training-examination-performance-in-a-context-of-guided-self-assessment
#13
Oksana Babenko, Denise Campbell-Scherer, Shirley Schipper, John Chmelicek, Tanya Barber, Kimberley Duerksen, Shelley Ross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In our family medicine residency program, we have established a culture of guided self-assessment through a systematic approach of direct observation of residents and documentation of formative feedback. We have observed that our residents have become more accurate in self-assessing their clinical performance. The objective of this study was to examine whether this improved accuracy extended to residents' self-assessment of their medical knowledge and clinical reasoning on the In-Training Examination (ITE)...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633169/untapped-potential-performance-of-procedural-skills-in-the-family-medicine-clerkship
#14
Martina Kelly, Kelly M Everard, Lara Nixon, Alexander Chessman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While family medicine residency directors have expressed concern about low procedural skills proficiency among incoming residents, curricular recommendations do not provide widely accepted guidance. This study was designed to describe requirements and experiences in procedural skill training during the family medicine clerkship and test the hypothesis that more rural placements may support this training. METHODS: The survey was conducted as part of the CAFM Educational Research Alliance (CERA) Family Medicine Clerkship Director (CD) 2013 survey...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632920/rural-health-better-together
#15
EDITORIAL
Russell Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632198/community-response-to-multiple-sound-sources-integrating-acoustic-and-contextual-approaches-in-the-analysis
#16
Peter Lercher, Bert De Coensel, Luc Dekonink, Dick Botteldooren
Sufficient data refer to the relevant prevalence of sound exposure by mixed traffic sources in many nations. Furthermore, consideration of the potential effects of combined sound exposure is required in legal procedures such as environmental health impact assessments. Nevertheless, current practice still uses single exposure response functions. It is silently assumed that those standard exposure-response curves accommodate also for mixed exposures-although some evidence from experimental and field studies casts doubt on this practice...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632192/coverage-and-influencing-determinants-of-influenza-vaccination-in-elderly-patients-in-a-country-with-a-poor-vaccination-implementation
#17
Maria Ganczak, Karolina Gil, Marcin Korzeń, Marta Bażydło
The seasonal influenza vaccination uptake of the elderly in Poland is one of the lowest in Europe. Objective: to assess the vaccination coverage and influencing determinants in patients ≥65 years of age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted (November 2015-April 2016) among consecutive patients admitted to a municipal hospital located in the city of Szczecin, North-west Poland. Patients completed researcher-administered, anonymous questionnaires on socio- demographic data/factors related to the vaccination...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631910/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-nephrolithiasis-among-young-rural-residents
#18
A V Sin'kov, I N Volosatova, G M Sin'kova, L A Nikolaeva
AIM: To determine the prevalence of nephrolithiasis, assess the significance of known risk factors, and identify new risk factors for nephrolithiasis among young rural residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 settlements of the Irkutsk rural district of the Irkutsk region and involved 408 inhabitants (93 men, 315 women) aged from 18 to 47 years. The selection of candidates for the study was randomized. The response of the population was 81...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631528/determined-to-stop-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-desire-to-have-no-more-children-in-rural-mozambique
#19
Sarah R Hayford, Victor Agadjanian
Classic demographic theories conceptualize desired family size as a fixed goal that guides fertility intentions over the childbearing years. However, a growing body of research shows that fertility plans, even nominally long-term plans for completed childbearing, change in response to short-term conditions. Because of data limitations, much of this research has focused on low-fertility contexts, but short-term conditions are likely to be even more important in high-fertility contexts. This paper uses three waves of survey data collected in rural Mozambique to study predictors of the desire to stop childbearing in a context of relatively high fertility and high individual and social instability...
June 20, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631511/self-collected-cervicovaginal-sampling-for-site-of-care-primary-hpv-based-cervical-cancer-screening-a-pilot-study-in-a-rural-underserved-greek-population
#20
Kimon Chatzistamatiou, Εkaterini Chatzaki, Τheocharis Constantinidis, Evangelia Nena, Athena Tsertanidou, Theodoros Agorastos
In the present pilot study, the feasibility of a site-of-care cervicovaginal self-sampling methodology for HPV-based screening was tested in 346 women residing in underserved rural areas of Northern Greece. These women provided self-collected cervicovaginal sample along with a study questionnaire. Following molecular testing, using the cobas(®) HPV Test, Roche(®), HPV positive women, were referred to colposcopy and upon abnormal findings, to biopsy and treatment. Participation rate was 100%. Regular pap-test examination was reported for 17...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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