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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224223/altering-the-school-breakfast-environment-reduces-barriers-to-school-breakfast-participation-among-diverse-rural-youth
#1
Mary O Hearst, Amy Shanafelt, Qi Wang, Robert Leduc, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast. METHODS: There were 904 adolescents from 16 rural high schools, Minnesota, in the BreakFAST Study who reported eating breakfast fewer than 4 times per week at baseline. Schools were randomized to intervention (N = 8 schools) or delayed intervention (N = 8) condition...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224126/perception-of-community-on-attachment-and-resilience-according-to-closing-of-hospitals
#2
Kichan Yoon, Munjae Lee
This study includes a comparison analysis of how community resilience and its influence factor of community attachment were changed before and after the closing of the hospital in the rural community. In order to analyze the influence factors of healthcare and medical vulnerability on community resilience, as well as the mean difference from before and after the closing of the hospital, this study conducted matching sample t test, hierarchical regression analysis, difference in differences (DID) analysis. The results indicate that community attachment consists of such factors as closeness, preference, affective bond, and identity, and they showed significance in confidence...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223986/kras-testing-tumor-location-and-survival-in-patients-with-stage-iv-colorectal-cancer-seer-2010-2013
#3
Mary E Charlton, Amanda R Kahl, Alissa A Greenbaum, Jordan J Karlitz, Chi Lin, Charles F Lynch, Vivien W Chen
Purpose:KRAS mutations and tumor location have been associated with response to targeted therapy among patients with stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC) in various trials. This study performed the first population-based examination of associations between KRAS mutations, tumor location, and survival, and assessed factors associated with documented KRAS testing. Methods: Patients with stage IV adenocarcinoma of the colon/rectum diagnosed from 2010 to 2013 were extracted from SEER data. Analyses of patient characteristics, KRAS testing, and tumor location were conducted using logistic regression...
December 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223937/echinococcosis-and-other-parasitic-infections-in-domestic-dogs-from-urban-areas-of-an-argentinean-patagonian-city
#4
Verónica Flores, Gustavo Viozzi, Gilda Garibotti, Daniela Zacharias, María Florencia Debiaggi, Surpik Kabaradjian
In urban populations of South America, dogs with free access to public areas represent a public health concern. The primary consequence of roaming dogs on human health is the transmission of infectious and parasitic diseases mainly through feces contamination. The main diseases likely to be transmitted are hydatidosis or echinococcosis, larva migrans, and giardiasis. In Argentina, hydatidosis ranks among the most prevalent zoonosis. Although it is considered a rural disease, the circulation of this parasite in urban areas has been documented...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223209/nurse-led-initiatives-to-implement-universal-screening-for-perinatal-emotional-complications
#5
Marissa Tenenbaum Potter
Perinatal emotional complications are the most common pregnancy complications in the United States. This article reviews three recent studies that illustrate the prevalence of and risk factors for perinatal emotional complications and sheds light on the inconsistency of screening by health care providers in acute care and outpatient settings. Also presented is an example of nurse-led quality improvement initiatives aimed at implementing universal screening in a rural New England county, which resulted in 100% screening with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale across health care facilities within the community, as well as a system-wide change in the approach to identifying and treating perinatal emotional complications...
December 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223173/the-worried-well-characteristics-of-cognitively-normal-patients-presenting-to-a-rural-and-remote-memory-clinic
#6
Ryan Verity, Andrew Kirk, Megan E O'Connell, Chandima Karunanayake, Debra G Morgan
INTRODUCTION: In an effort to better understand why cognitively normal patients were referred to a memory clinic, we sought to identify features of "worried well" patients to better identify those more likely to be cognitively normal. METHODS: In total, 375 consecutive patients referred by primary care practitioners to a Rural and Remote Memory Clinic were categorized into two groups based on their neurologic diagnosis, "worried well" (cognitively normal, N=81) or "other" (patients with any neurologic diagnosis, N=294)...
December 10, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223086/perceived-versus-actual-water-quality-community-studies-in-rural-oaxaca-mexico
#7
Lewis Stetson Rowles, Reinaldo Alcalde, Francisca Bogolasky, Soyoon Kum, Farith A Diaz-Arriaga, Craig Ayres, Anne M Mikelonis, Luis Javier Toledo-Flores, Manuel Gerardo Alonso-Gutiérrez, Maria Eufemia Pérez-Flores, Desmond F Lawler, Peter M Ward, Juana Yolanda Lopez-Cruz, Navid B Saleh
Compromised water quality risks public health, which becomes particularly acute in economically marginalized communities. Although the majority of the clean-water-deprived population resides in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, a significant portion (32 million) lives in Meso- and Latin-America. Oaxaca is one of the marginalized southern states of Mexico, which has experienced high morbidity from infectious diseases and also has suffered from a high rate of infant mortality. However, there has been a paucity of reports on the status of water quality of culturally diverse rural Oaxaca...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222999/the-symbolic-affordances-of-a-video-mediated-gaze-in-emergency-psychiatry
#8
Marianne V Trondsen, Aksel Tjora, Alex Broom, Graham Scambler
While mental illness is a significant health challenge worldwide, the availability of specialists is limited, especially in rural areas and for psychiatric emergencies. Although tele-psychiatry, via real-time videoconferencing (VC), is used to provide consultative services in areas that lack psychiatrists, there are a paucity of studies on the use of VC for psychiatric emergencies. We examine how VC matters for patient involvement and professional practice in the first Norwegian emergency tele-psychiatric service...
December 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222931/the-challenge-of-herbicide-resistance-around-the-world-a-current-summary
#9
REVIEW
Mark A Peterson, Alberto Collavo, Ramiro Ovejero, Vinod Shivrain, Michael J Walsh
Herbicide resistant weeds have been observed since the early years of synthetic herbicide development in the 1950's and 1960's. Since that time there has been a consistent increase in the number of herbicide resistance cases and the impact of herbicide resistant (HR) weeds. While the nature of crop production varies widely around the world, herbicides have become a primary tool for weed control in most areas. Dependence on herbicides continues to increase as global populations migrate away from rural areas into cities and the agricultural labor force declines...
December 9, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222917/diagnostic-modalities-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-nash-and-associated-fibrosis
#10
REVIEW
Zobair M Younossi, Rohit Loomba, Quentin M Anstee, Mary E Rinella, Elisabetta Bugianesi, Giulio Marchesini, Brent A Neuschwander-Tetri, Lawrence Serfaty, Francesco Negro, Stephen H Caldwell, Vlad Ratziu, Kathleen E Corey, Scott L Friedman, Manal F Abdelmalek, Stephen A Harrison, Arun J Sanyal, Joel E Lavine, Philippe Mathurin, Michael R Charlton, Zachary D Goodman, Naga P Chalasani, Kris V Kowdley, Jacob George, Keith Lindor
NAFLD is a spectrum comprised of isolated steatosis, NASH, advanced fibrosis, and cirrhosis. The majority of NAFLD subjects do not have NASH and don't carry a significant risk for adverse outcomes (cirrhosis and mortality). Globally, the prevalence of NAFLD is approximately 25%. In Asia, a gradient of high prevalence rates to low rates are noted from urban to rural areas. Given the prevalence of NAFLD, the clinical and economic burden of NAFLD and NASH can be substantial. With increasing recognition as an important liver disease, the diagnosis of NASH still requires a liver biopsy which is suboptimal...
December 9, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222608/the-impact-of-subsidized-private-health-insurance-and-health-facility-upgrades-on-healthcare-utilization-and-spending-in-rural-nigeria
#11
Emily Gustafsson-Wright, Gosia Popławska, Zlata Tanović, Jacques van der Gaag
This paper analyzes the quantitative impact of an intervention that provides subsidized low-cost private health insurance together with health facility upgrades in Nigeria. The evaluation, which measures impact on healthcare utilization and spending, is based on a quasi-experimental design and utilizes three population-based household surveys over a 4-year period. After 4 years, the intervention increased healthcare use by 25.2 percentage points in the treatment area overall and by 17.7 percentage points among the insured...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221788/differential-prevalence-of-hematuria-and-proteinuria-with-socio-demographic-factors-among-school-children-in-hualien-taiwan
#12
Ming-Chun Chen, Jen-Hung Wang, Chia-Hsiang Chu, Ching-Feng Cheng
BACKGROUND: Pediatric hematuria/proteinuria is a risk factor for chronic kidney disease in later life, and school urinary screening can detect asymptomatic glomerulonephritis in the early stage. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hematuria/proteinuria and its association with different socio-demographic factors among school children in 2013 in Hualien, Taiwan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among first, fourth, and seventh graders. Health examination results and urinalysis data were analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221670/sociodemographic-and-obstetric-factors-related-to-symptoms-of-postpartum-depression-in-hispanic-women-in-rural-california
#13
Younglee Kim, Vivien Dee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships among sociodemographic and obstetric factors and symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) in Hispanic women living in rural California. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional, descriptive design. SETTING: Rural southern California communities. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 223 Hispanic women, ages 18 to 42 years old, with one living infant younger than 12 months old...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221531/suboptimal-breastfeeding-practices-among-women-in-rural-and-low-resource-settings-a-study-of-women-in-rural-mysore-india
#14
Sreenivas P Veeranki, Holly Nishimura, Karl Krupp, Savitha Gowda, Anjali Arun, Purnima Madhivanan
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates are progressively increasing worldwide while optimal breastfeeding practices are lagging behind, especially in rural and low resource settings like India. OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the prevalence of and factors associated with suboptimal breastfeeding practices among mother-infant dyads in rural southern India. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of data collected in Mysore District from 2008-2011 from 1294 mother-infant dyads...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221526/children-s-environmental-health-indicators-for-low-and-middle-income-countries-in-asia
#15
Eun Mi Jung, Eun Mee Kim, Minah Kang, Fiona Goldizen, Fiona Gore, Marie Noel Brune Drisse, Eun Hee Ha
BACKGROUND: Given that low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in Asia still have high child mortality rates, improved monitoring using children's environmental health indicators (CEHI) may help reduce preventable deaths by creating healthy environments. OBJECTIVES: Thus, the aim of this study is to build a set of targeted CEHI that can be applied in LMICs in Asia through the CEHI initiative using a common conceptual framework. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify the most frequently used framework for developing CEHI...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221517/urban-rural-disparity-in-helicobacter-pylori-infection-related-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-in-china-and-the-decreasing-trend-in-parallel-with-socioeconomic-development-and-urbanization-in-an-endemic-area
#16
Xiaoduo Wen, Denggui Wen, Yi Yang, Yuetong Chen, Guiying Wang, Baoen Shan
BACKGROUND: Globally China has the largest urban-rural disparity in socioeconomic development, and the urban-rural difference in upper gastrointestinal cancer (UGIC) is similar to the difference between developed and developing countries. OBJECTIVES: To describe urban-rural disparity in UGIC and to emphasize prevention by socioeconomic development and urbanization in China. METHODS: Age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs) of cancers in 2012 were compared between urban Shijiazhuang city and rural Shexian County, and trends from 2000-2015 in Shexian County were analyzed...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221498/influence-of-community-based-education-on-undergraduate-health-professions-students-decision-to-work-in-underserved-areas-in-uganda
#17
Samuel Kizito, Rhona Baingana, Kintu Mugagga, Peter Akera, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Uganda is beset by a shortage of health workers and the few available are mal-distributed. Providing rural exposure through community-based education could positively influence students' perspectives towards work in rural areas. We aimed to assess the impact of Community-Based Education and Research (COBERS) on health professions students' attitudes towards working in rural areas. This was a before-and-after study among 525 students of 4 medical universities in Uganda. Data was collected using self-administered paper-based questionnaires...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221492/elevated-serum-%C3%AE-2-microglobulin-in-individuals-coinfected-with-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-d-virus-in-a-rural-settings-in-southwest-nigeria
#18
Lawrence Ehis Okoror, Ayodele Oluwaseun Ajayi, Oluwaseun Benjamin Ijalana
OBJECTIVE: Coinfection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) with hepatitis D virus (HDV) has being reported to increase severity of progression to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver cirrhosis (LC). Beta microglobulin (2βM) which is present on the surfaces of blood cells in acceptable levels is a tumor marker which may become elevated in disease conditions. This study hence observed the prevalence of HBV and HDV coinfection in a rural population and their 2βM concentration. RESULTS: Of the 368 samples, 66 (17...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221451/inequality-in-early-childhood-neurodevelopment-in-six-poor-rural-counties-of-china-a-decomposition-analysis
#19
Cuihong Zhang, Chunxia Zhao, Xiangyu Liu, Qianwei Wei, Shusheng Luo, Sufang Guo, Jingxu Zhang, Xiaoli Wang, Robert W Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: Previous studies about inequality in children's health focused more on physical health than the neurodevelopment. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the inequality in early childhood neurodevelopment in poor rural China and explore the contributions of socioeconomic factors to the inequality. METHOD: Information of 2120 children aged 0 to 35 months and their households in six poor rural counties of China was collected during July - September, 2013...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220807/characterization-of-leaf-waste-based-biochar-for-cost-effective-hydrogen-sulphide-removal-from-biogas
#20
Shivali Sahota, Virendra Kumar Vijay, P M V Subbarao, Ram Chandra, Pooja Ghosh, Goldy Shah, Rimika Kapoor, Vandit Vijay, Vaibhav Koutu, Indu Shekhar Thakur
Installation of decentralized units for biogas production along with indigenous upgradation systems can be an effective approach to meet growing energy demands of the rural population. Therefore, readily available leaf waste was used to prepare biochar at different temperatures and employed for H2S removal from biogas produced via anaerobic digestion plant. It is found that biochar prepared via carbonization of leaf waste at 400 °C effectively removes 84.2% H2S (from 1254 ppm to 201 ppm) from raw biogas for 25 min in a continuous adsorption tower...
November 29, 2017: Bioresource Technology
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