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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821916/relative-social-standing-and-suicide-ideation-among-kenyan-males-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide-in-context
#1
M L Goodman, H Serag, P K Keiser, S Gitari, B G Raimer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between subjective social status and suicide ideation in a sample of young Kenyan men (age 18-34 years). Situating insights from the interpersonal theory of suicide within social determinants of health framework, we consider whether lower subjective social status predicts lower collective self-esteem (CSE), hopelessness, less meaning in life and more loneliness, and whether these characteristics mediate associations between subjective social status and suicide ideation...
August 18, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821507/social-capital-neighbourhood-characteristics-and-utilisation-of-local-public-health-services-among-domestic-migrants-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Zhiyuan Hou, Senlin Lin, Donglan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between structural social capital and public health services use, and explored the modifiable effect of neighbourhood factors on this association among domestic migrants in China. METHODS: Data were from a 2014 nationally representative cross-sectional sample of domestic migrants aged 15-59 years in China. Survey-weighted logistic regression models were applied to assess the association between structural social capital, measured by participation in social organisations and social activities, and use of public health services...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821501/perinatal-outcomes-following-helping-babies-breathe-training-and-regular-peer-peer-skills-practice-among-village-midwives-in-sudan
#3
Ame Arabi, S A Ibrahim, M Abdel-Rahman, M S Abdalla, S E Ahmed, E P Dempsey, C A Ryan
BACKGROUND: Over 80% of deliveries in Sudan occur in rural areas, attended by village midwives (VMWs). OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of Helping Babies Breathe training and regular peer-peer skills practice (HBBT(+RPPSP)) on VMW resuscitation practices and outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective community-based intervention study, 71/82 VMWs, reporting to six East Nile rural medical centres, with previous experience in community health research, consented to HBBT(+RPPSP)...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821474/validation-relaxation-a-quality-assurance-strategy-for-electronic-data-collection
#4
Avi Kenny, Nicholas Gordon, Thomas Griffiths, John D Kraemer, Mark J Siedner
BACKGROUND: The use of mobile devices for data collection in developing world settings is becoming increasingly common and may offer advantages in data collection quality and efficiency relative to paper-based methods. However, mobile data collection systems can hamper many standard quality assurance techniques due to the lack of a hardcopy backup of data. Consequently, mobile health data collection platforms have the potential to generate datasets that appear valid, but are susceptible to unidentified database design flaws, areas of miscomprehension by enumerators, and data recording errors...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821421/exploring-canadian-physicians-experiences-with-diabetes-care-for-indigenous-patients
#5
Lynden Lindsay Crowshoe, Rita I Henderson, Michael E Green, Kristen M Jacklin, Leah M Walker, Betty Calam
OBJECTIVES: The perspectives of physicians caring for Indigenous patients with diabetes offer important insights into the provision of health-care services. The purpose of this study was to describe Canadian physicians' perspectives on diabetes care of Indigenous patients, a preliminary step in developing a continuing medical education intervention described elsewhere. METHODS: Through in-depth semistructured interviews, Canadian family physicians and specialists with sizeable proportions of Indigenous clientele shared their experiences of working with Indigenous patients who have type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821418/the-associations-between-carbohydrate-and-protein-intakes-with-habitual-sleep-duration-among-adults-living-in-urban-and-rural-areas
#6
Xin Liu, Di Wu, Xin Qi, Yulin Niu, Wenyuan Li, Yichen Lu, Jie Chang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Macronutrient intake was associated with habitual sleep duration, a recognized metabolic risk factor. However, results are not clear for populations with large diversities in dietary habits and urbanization levels. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the associations between relative macronutrient intakes and sleep duration, and the potential modification effect of urban-rural residence among adult Chinese population. METHODS: We analyzed data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey 2009...
August 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820788/community-health-workers-and-the-management-of-noncommunicable-diseases-among-rural-health-clinics-in-limpopo-province-south-africa-a-pilot-study
#7
Aubrey L Doede, Taylor E Allen, JaʼLynn S Gray, Austin G Herbst, Madala C Hlungwani, Nditsheni J Ramakuela, Alice X Xie, Cathy L Campbell
South Africa's rise in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and health care provider shortages has generated the need for community health workers (CHWs) in rural areas. However, roles and interactions with clinic staff are not well understood. Interviews with health care workers at community clinics in Limpopo Province revealed common themes, including resource scarcity, clinic-patient partnerships, management of NCDs, and collaboration between professionals. The data did not support CHW-physician interactions, necessitating further research to describe these practices and to evaluate CHWs' impact on patient outcomes...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820787/the-relationship-between-parental-and-child-physical-activity-in-a-rural-community
#8
Heath Larsen, Danae Dinkel, Shane Warehime, Kris Berg
This study examined the relationship between parental and child physical activity (PA) in a rural community. Forty-one children and at least 1 parent wore pedometers to measure step count over the course of 4 days. Parents also completed a PA survey assessing parental support for PA, parental enjoyment for PA, perceived importance of PA, and their own PA levels. Parental PA level and mothers' support for PA were moderately associated with their child's PA levels. Thus, future PA promotion efforts could focus on encouraging parents, primarily mothers, to be more active to help improve their child's PA levels...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820786/models-of-care-delivery-for-patients-with-parkinson-disease-living-in-rural-areas
#9
Kristin A Schuller, Brooke Vaughan, Ian Wright
The elderly who suffer from chronic conditions have an increasingly difficult time accessing health care in rural areas compared with their healthy counterparts who seek and utilize less specialty care. Parkinson disease affects approximately 0.3% to 5% of the elderly population. However, a large portion of that population has difficulty accessing health care. The purpose of this study was to obtain an understanding of the access to care issues for patients with Parkinson disease and review solutions to aid their provision of care...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820718/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-rural-health-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-study-in-ethiopia-kenya-mozambique-rwanda-uganda-and-zambia
#10
Amy Guo, J Michael Bowling, Jamie Bartram, Georgia Kayser
Safe and sufficient water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) prevent the spread of disease in health-care facilities (HCFs). Little research has been conducted on WaSH in HCF in sub-Saharan Africa. We carried out a cross-sectional study of WaSH in 1,318 randomly selected rural HCF (hospitals, health centers, health posts, and clinics) in regions throughout Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. Methods included questionnaires with head doctors and nurses to document WaSH access, continuity, quality, quantity and reliability, and analysis of drinking water samples for Escherichia coli...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820717/short-term-changes-in-anemia-and-malaria-parasite-prevalence-in-children-under-5-years-during-one-year-of-repeated-cross-sectional-surveys-in-rural-malawi
#11
Alinune N Kabaghe, Michael G Chipeta, Dianne J Terlouw, Robert S McCann, Michèle van Vugt, Martin P Grobusch, Willem Takken, Kamija S Phiri
In stable transmission areas, malaria is the leading cause of anemia in children. Anemia in children is proposed as an added sensitive indicator for community changes in malaria prevalence. We report short-term temporal variations of malaria and anemia prevalence in rural Malawian children. Data from five repeated cross-sectional surveys conducted over 1 year in rural communities in Chikwawa District, Malawi, were analyzed. Different households were sampled per survey; all children, 6-59 months, in sampled household were tested for malaria parasitemia and hemoglobin levels using malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDT) and Hemocue 301, respectively...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820714/epidemiology-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-colombian-municipality
#12
Diego Alejandro Medina-Morales, Manuel E Machado-Duque, Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba
This study describes the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of leishmaniasis and the pharmacological treatment of this disease in the municipality of Pueblo Rico, Risaralda, between January 2010 and December 2014. An observational study was conducted using information from the clinical records and epidemiological reports of patients diagnosed and confirmed with leishmaniasis of any age and sex, including sociodemographic, clinical, and pharmacological variables of the therapy received. Univariate and bivariate analyses were performed...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820708/clinical-spectrum-etiology-and-outcome-of-neurological-disorders-in-the-rural-hospital-of-mosango-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#13
Deby Mukendi, Jean-Roger Lilo Kalo, Alain Mpanya, Luigi Minikulu, Tharcisse Kayembe, Pascal Lutumba, Barbara Barbé, Philippe Gillet, Jan Jacobs, Harry Van Loen, Cedric P Yansouni, François Chappuis, Raffaella Ravinetto, Kristien Verdonck, Marleen Boelaert, Andrea S Winkler, Emmanuel Bottieau
There is little published information on the epidemiology of neurological disorders in rural Central Africa, although the burden is considered to be substantial. This study aimed to investigate the pattern, etiology, and outcome of neurological disorders in children > 5 years and adults admitted to the rural hospital of Mosango, province of Kwilu, Democratic Republic of Congo, with a focus on severe and treatable infections of the central nervous system (CNS). From September 2012 to January 2015, 351 consecutive patients hospitalized for recent and/or ongoing neurological disorder were prospectively evaluated by a neurologist, subjected to a set of reference diagnostic tests in blood or cerebrospinal fluid, and followed-up for 3-6 months after discharge...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820707/prevalence-of-strongyloides-stercoralis-and-other-intestinal-parasite-infections-in-school-children-in-a-rural-area-of-angola-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
María Luisa Ruíz de Alegría Aznar, Karen Colmenares, Mateu Espasa, Arancha Amor, Isabel Lopez, Arlette Ninda, Joaquina Kanjala, Domingas Guilherme, Elena Sulleiro, Begoña Barriga, Eva Gil, Fernando Salvador, Cristina Bocanegra, Teresa López, Milagros Moreno, Israel Molina
Strongyloides stercoralis is widely distributed in the tropics and subtropics. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of S. stercoralis and other intestinal parasites and identify the risk factors for infection with S. stercoralis in a rural area of Angola. A cross-sectional study was conducted in school-age children (SAC) in Cubal, Angola. A questionnaire collecting clinical and epidemiological variables was used, and two stool samples were collected. A concentration technique (Ritchie) and a technique for detection of larvae migration (Baermann) were performed...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820692/following-the-worms-detection-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-eggs-on-mothers-hands-and-household-produce-in-rural-kenya
#15
Lauren Steinbaum, Jenna Swarthout, John Mboya, Amy J Pickering
Approximately one-quarter of the world's population is infected with at least one species of soil-transmitted helminth (STH). The role of produce and hands in STH transmission is not well understood. We collected and processed mother hand rinse and garden-grown produce rinse samples from 116 rural households in Kakamega, Kenya, in an area previously identified to have high STH egg contamination in household soil. Ascaris was the only STH species detected; 0.9% of hand rinse, 3.5% of leafy produce, and 1.8% of root produce samples had Ascaris eggs...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820687/identification-of-subsets-of-enteroaggregative-escherichia-coli-associated-with-diarrheal-disease-among-under-5-year-old-children-from-rural-gambia
#16
Usman N Ikumapayi, Nadia Boisen, Mohammad J Hossain, Modupeh Betts, Modou Lamin, Debasish Saha, Brenda Kwambana-Adams, Michel Dione, Richard A Adegbola, Anna Roca, James P Nataro, Martin Antonio
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) cause acute and persistent diarrhea, mostly in children worldwide. Outbreaks of diarrhea caused by EAEC have been described, including a large outbreak caused by a Shiga toxin expressing strain. This study investigated the association of EAEC virulence factors with diarrhea in children less than 5 years. We characterized 428 EAEC strains isolated from stool samples obtained from moderate-to-severe diarrhea cases (157) and healthy controls (217) children aged 0-59 months recruited over 3 years as part of the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) in The Gambia...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820677/comparing-measures-of-general-and-abdominal-adiposity-as-predictors-of-blood-pressure-in-college-students
#17
Demetrius A Abshire, Gia Mudd-Martin, Debra K Moser, Terry A Lennie
OBJECTIVE: To compare anthropometric measures of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) as predictors of blood pressure in college students. PARTICIPANTS: Students (N = 116) were recruited from November 2012 through May 2014 at an urban university and rural community colleges. METHODS: Students underwent a brief physical examination during which anthropometric measures were obtained and blood pressure was measured...
August 18, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820564/telepharmacy-rules-and-statutes-a-50-state-survey
#18
George Tzanetakos, Fred Ullrich, Keith Meuller
Purpose and Introduction. The purpose of this policy brief is to identify rules and laws enacted by states authorizing the use of community telepharmacy initiatives within their respective jurisdictions. Though telepharmacy exists in several forms, telepharmacy in this brief is defined as the delivery of pharmaceutical care to outpatients at a distance through the use of telecommunication and other advanced technologies. Pharmaceutical care includes, but is not limited to, drug review and monitoring, dispensing of medications, medication therapy management, and patient counseling...
April 2017: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820516/caregiver-reported-health-outcomes-effects-of-providing-reflexology-for-symptom-management-to-women-with-advanced-breast-cancer
#19
Dawn Frambes, Alla Sikorskii, Irena Tesnjak, Gwen Wyatt, Rebecca Lehto, Barbara Given
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of delivering a reflexology intervention on health outcomes of informal caregivers, and to explore whether intervention effects are moderated by caregiver characteristics. 
. DESIGN: Two-group, randomized clinical trial.
. SETTING: Eight oncology clinics in urban and rural regions of Michigan and Illinois.
. SAMPLE: 180 informal caregivers of patients with advanced breast cancer...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820340/effect-of-support-supervision-on-maternal-and-newborn-health-services-and-practices-in-rural-eastern-uganda
#20
Angela N Kisakye, Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, John Bua, Martha Akulume, Gertrude Namazzi, Suzanne Namusoke Kiwanuka
BACKGROUND: Support supervision is one of the strategies used to check the quality of services provided at health facilities. From 2013 to 2015, Makerere University School of Public Health strengthened support supervision in the district of Kibuku, Kamuli and Pallisa in Eastern Uganda to improve the quality of maternal and newborn services. OBJECTIVE: This article assesses quality improvements in maternal and newborn care services and practices during this period...
August 2017: Global Health Action
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