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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351305/gender-stereotypes-and-education-a-comparative-content-analysis-of-malaysian-indonesian-pakistani-and-bangladeshi-school-textbooks
#1
Kazi Md Mukitul Islam, M Niaz Asadullah
Using government secondary school English language textbooks from Malaysia, Indonesia, Pakistan and Bangladesh, we conducted a quantitative content analysis in order to identify gender stereotypes in school education. In total, 21 categories of exclusion and quality of representation were used to study gender stereotypes. Our analysis confirms a pro-male bias in textbooks: the aggregate female share is 40.4% in textual and pictorial indicators combined. Female occupations are mostly traditional and less prestigious while the characters are predominantly introverted and passive in terms of personality traits...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276043/associations-between-personality-disorder-characteristics-psychological-symptoms-and-sexual-functioning-in-young-women
#2
Andrea Grauvogl, Britt Pelzer, Veerle Radder, Jacques van Lankveld
BACKGROUND: Recently, the etiology of sexual dysfunctions in women has been approached from different angles. In clinical practice and in previous studies, it has been observed that women with sexual problems experience anxiety problems and express more rigid and perfectionistic personality traits than women without these problems. AIM: To investigate whether personality disorder characteristics according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) and psychological symptoms are associated with sexual problems in women...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240013/equitable-education-for-introverts-providing-learning-opportunities-that-prepare-nursing-students-to-be-leaders
#3
Sharon L Colley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196331/is-dental-students-clinical-productivity-associated-with-their-personality-profile
#4
Kristan D Rodriguez, Joseph A Bartoloni, William D Hendricson
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between personality preferences of incoming fourth-year dental students at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio as measured by the Keirsey Temperament Sorter II and their third-year clinical productivity and percentage of broken appointments. All 105 incoming fourth-year dental students in 2016 were invited to participate in the study, and 92 students completed the temperament questionnaire, for a response rate of 87.5%. Those students' clinical activity during their third year was measured by production points and percentage of broken appointments extracted from the electronic health record...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184523/eysenck-s-theory-of-personality-and-the-role-of-background-music-in-cognitive-task-performance-a-mini-review-of-conflicting-findings-and-a-new-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Mats B Küssner
The question of whether background music is able to enhance cognitive task performance is of interest to scholars, educators, and stakeholders in business alike. Studies have shown that background music can have beneficial, detrimental or no effects on cognitive task performance. Extraversion-and its postulated underlying cause, cortical arousal-is regarded as an important factor influencing the outcome of such studies. According to Eysenck's theory of personality, extraverts' cortical arousal at rest is lower compared to that of introverts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167652/eye-contact-and-fear-of-being-laughed-at-in-a-gaze-discrimination-task
#6
Jorge Torres-Marín, Hugo Carretero-Dios, Alberto Acosta, Juan Lupiáñez
Current approaches conceptualize gelotophobia as a personality trait characterized by a disproportionate fear of being laughed at by others. Consistently with this perspective, gelotophobes are also described as neurotic and introverted and as having a paranoid tendency to anticipate derision and mockery situations. Although research on gelotophobia has significantly progressed over the past two decades, no evidence exists concerning the potential effects of gelotophobia in reaction to eye contact. Previous research has pointed to difficulties in discriminating gaze direction as the basis of possible misinterpretations of others' intentions or mental states...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141103/risk-profiles-of-personality-traits-for-suicidality-among-mood-disorder-patients-and-community-controls
#7
M-H Su, H-C Chen, M-L Lu, J Feng, I-M Chen, C-S Wu, S-W Chang, P-H Kuo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between personality traits and suicidal ideation (SI) and attempt (SA) in mood disorder patients and community controls. METHOD: We recruited 365 bipolar, 296 major depressive disorder patients, and 315 community controls to assess their lifetime suicidality. Participants filled out self-reported personality questionnaires to collect data of personality traits, including novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), extraversion (E), and neuroticism (N)...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125208/understanding-the-distressed-prostate-cancer-patient-role-of-personality
#8
Laura M Perry, Michael Hoerger, Jonathan Silberstein, Oliver Sartor, Paul Duberstein
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between personality and emotional distress in prostate cancer. Neuroticism and introversion were hypothesized to be associated with clinically significant symptoms of emotional distress, including depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation. METHODS: Men with a history of prostate cancer (n=212) completed an NIH-funded cross-sectional study using well-validated measures of personality, depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation...
November 10, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080396/neurobiological-support-to-the-diagnosis-of-adhd-in-stimulant-na%C3%A3-ve-adults-pattern-recognition-analyses-of-mri-data
#9
T M Chaim-Avancini, J Doshi, M V Zanetti, G Erus, M A Silva, F L S Duran, M Cavallet, M H Serpa, S C Caetano, M R Louza, C Davatzikos, G F Busatto
OBJECTIVE: In adulthood, the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been subject of recent controversy. We searched for a neuroanatomical signature associated with ADHD spectrum symptoms in adults by applying, for the first time, machine learning-based pattern classification methods to structural MRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data obtained from stimulant-naïve adults with childhood-onset ADHD and healthy controls (HC). METHOD: Sixty-seven ADHD patients and 66 HC underwent high-resolution T1-weighted and DTI acquisitions...
October 28, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064800/the-relationship-between-colonization-resistance-of-the-oral-cavity-and-individual-typological-characteristics-of-personality-dental-aspects
#10
Tetiana A Petrushanko, Viktoriia V Chereda, Galina A Loban'
INTRODUCTION: The present article deals with the role of the oral mucosa colonization resistance in the implementation of the influence of individual-typological characteristics of the individual susceptibility to caries and inflammatory periodontal diseases. THE AIM: to study the role of colonization resistance of the oral mucosa in the implementation of the influence of individual-typological characteristics of the individual susceptibility to caries and inflammatory periodontal diseases...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957793/cannabis-use-in-early-adolescence-is-associated-with-higher-negative-schizotypy-in-females
#11
L Albertella, M E Le Pelley, J Copeland
The current study examined the relationship between early onset cannabis use (before age 16) and different schizotypy dimensions, and whether gender moderates these associations. Participants were 162 cannabis users, aged 15-24 years, who completed an online assessment examining alcohol and other drug use, psychological distress, and schizotypy. Participants were divided according to whether or not they had started using cannabis before the age of 16 (early onset=47; later onset=115) and gender (males=66; females=96)...
September 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926096/the-ambivert-a-failed-attempt-at-a-normal-personality
#12
Ian J Davidson
Recently, attention has been drawn toward an overlooked and nearly forgotten personality type: the ambivert. This paper presents a genealogy of the ambivert, locating the various contexts it traversed in order to highlight the ways in which these places and times have interacted and changed-ultimately elucidating our current situation. Proposed by Edmund S. Conklin in 1923, the ambivert only was meant for normal persons in between the introvert and extravert extremes. Although the ambivert could have been taken up by early personality psychologists who were transitioning from the study of the abnormal to the normal, it largely failed to gain traction...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769544/personality-characteristics-and-neurocognitive-functions-in-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Xiaojing Li, Qiang Wang, Yuejing Wu, Sherrie Wang, Yi Huang, Tao Li
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of autism spectrum disorder in children and the huge family burdens have caused concern in the academic field as well as society. AIM: To study the personality characteristics and neurocognitive functions in the Chinese parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and compare them with the parents of well-developed children. METHOD: This study recruited 41 Chinese children who met the diagnostic criteria of autism spectrum disorder according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders-IV (DSM-IV)...
February 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750780/influence-of-psychological-variables-in-morbidly-obese-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-after-24-months-of-evolution
#14
José Rodríguez-Hurtado, Manuel Ferrer-Márquez, Andrés Fontalba-Navas, Juan Manuel García-Torrecillas, M Carmen Olvera-Porcel
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is considered a more effective means of achieving weight loss than non-surgical options in morbid obesity. Rates of failure or relapse range from 20 to 30%. The study aims to analyse the influence of psychological variables (self-esteem, social support, coping strategies and personality) in the maintenance of weight loss after bariatric surgery. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted involving 64 patients undergoing bariatric surgery for 24 months...
August 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748998/-paul-c%C3%A3-zanne-the-lonely-precursor-of-modern-painting
#15
Marcelo Miranda
Paul Cézanne is an acknowledged pioneer of modern painting. His work was poorly recognized during most of his solitary life. He progressively withdrew from people and society during his life, in part due to his introverted personality and a supreme effort to obtain a unique form of expression of his art, in which nature and its inner secrets played a pivotal role. In this review, we discuss aspects of his life and art, his pathological personal relationships and how they influenced his transcendental work.
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713320/social-media-membership-browsing-and-profile-updating-in-a-representative-u-s-sample-independent-and-interdependent-effects-of-big-five-traits-and-aging-and-social-factors
#16
Tim Bogg
Guided by cybernetic perspectives on personality, the present work used a representative sample of U.S. adults (N = 992) to examine Big Five personality traits and social and aging factors as predictors of social media network membership and past-month browsing/searching and profile updating among members. The results showed adults who were less extraverted and less neurotic and who reported greater physical limitations were less likely to be members. Moreover, extraverted adults without partners were more likely to be members than introverted adults without partners...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707520/who-are-the-lonely-a-typology-of-loneliness-in-new-zealand
#17
Hannah Hawkins-Elder, Taciano L Milfont, Matthew D Hammond, Chris G Sibley
BACKGROUND: Loneliness has many negative physical and mental health ramifications and is most prevalent among vulnerable social groups. However, little is known about how loneliness is grouped within the population and the characteristics of those groups. METHODS: We conducted a Latent Profile Analysis on 18,264 participants from the fifth wave of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study to identify the number of distinct loneliness profiles in the population...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670354/psychosocial-impact-of-postinflammatory-hyperpigmentation-in-patients-with-acne-vulgaris
#18
Kavita Darji, Reena Varade, Daniel West, Eric S Armbrecht, Mary A Guo
Background: Acne vulgaris is a common, often socially distressing skin condition primarily seen in young adults. Quality of life studies have shown that people with acne are more introverted with increased social setting anxiety compared to a control group. Unfortunately, patients with acne may have residual postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, amplifying impaired psychosocial effects. Objective: To quantify the impact of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation in patients with acne using a psychometric scale. Design: A clinic-based survey was conducted among US adults with facial acne and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610126/taxonomic-description-and-3d-modelling-of-a-new-species-of-myzostomid-annelida-myzostomida-associated-with-black-corals-from-madagascar
#19
Lucas Terrana, Igor Eeckhaut
Eenymeenymyzostoma nigrocorallium n. sp. is the first species of myzostomid worm associated with black corals to be described. Endoparasitic specimens of E. nigrocorallium were found associated with three species of antipatharians on the Great Reef of Toliara. Individuals inhabit the gastrovascular ducts of their hosts and evidence of infestation is, most of the time, not visible externally. Phylogenetic analyses based on 18S rDNA, 16S rDNA and COI data indicate a close relation to Eenymeenymyzostoma cirripedium, the only other species of the genus...
March 19, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572421/do-dental-students-personality-types-and-group-dynamics-affect-their-performance-in-problem-based-learning
#20
Jung-Joon Ihm, So-Youn An, Deog-Gyu Seo
The aim of this study was to determine whether the personality types of dental students and their group dynamics were linked to their problem-based learning (PBL) performance. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) instrument was used with 263 dental students enrolled in Seoul National University School of Dentistry from 2011 to 2013; the students had participated in PBL in their first year. A four-session PBL setting was designed to analyze how individual personality types and the diversity of their small groups were associated with PBL performance...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
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