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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306164/effects-of-positive-emotion-extraversion-and-dopamine-on-cognitive-stability-flexibility-and-frontal-eeg-asymmetry
#1
Jan Wacker
The influence of positive emotions on the balance between cognitive stability and flexibility has been suggested to (a) differ among various positive emotional/motivational states (e.g., of varying approach motivation intensity), and (b) be mediated by brain dopamine (DA). Frontal EEG alpha asymmetry (ASY) is considered an indicator of approach motivational states and may be modulated by DA. The personality trait of extraversion is strongly linked to positive emotions and is now thought to reflect DA-based individual differences in incentive/approach motivation...
March 17, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301765/controversies-in-narcissism
#2
Joshua D Miller, Donald R Lynam, Courtland S Hyatt, W Keith Campbell
There has been a surge in interest in and research on narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). Despite or because of this increased attention, there are several areas of substantial debate that surround the construct, including descriptions of grandiose and vulnerable dimensions or variants, questions regarding the existence of a consensual description, central versus peripheral features of narcissism, distinctions between normal and pathological narcissism, possible etiological factors, the role of self-esteem narcissism, where narcissism should be studied, how it can be assessed, and its representation in diagnostic nosologies...
March 15, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255120/-psychosocial-factors-of-chronic-hand-eczema
#3
Li Li, Panpan Liu, Ji Li, Hongfu Xie, Yehong Kuang, Jie Li, Juan Su, Wu Zhu
To study the psychosocial factors in patient with chronic hand eczema (CHE).
 Methods: Personality traits, emotional state, and quality of life of 240 patients with CHE and 221 normal control (NC) subjects were assessed by General Questionnaire, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-Rating Anxiety (SAS), and Eczema Quality of Life Scale (EQOLS).
 Results: In comparison, EPQ scores, scores of extraversion (E) factor in patients with CHE were significantly lower than those in NC subjects (P<0...
February 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212217/a-guide-to-networking-for-introverts-from-ice-breaking-to-deal-making
#4
Wynne E Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211553/the-assessment-of-schizotypy-by-the-o-life-oxford-liverpool-inventory-for-feelings-and-experiences-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-affective-disorders
#5
Daria Dembińska-Krajewska, Janusz Rybakowski
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess schizotypy by using the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences (O-LIFE), in the groups of patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (BD) and unipolar (recurrent) depression (UD). An important element of the study was to compare - in terms of similarity - the results obtained in schizophrenia and BD, and - in terms of differences - the results obtained in BD and UD. METHODS: The study involved 58 patients with schizophrenia (35 men, 23 women, mean age = 34...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210932/personality-and-attachment-in-transsexual-adults
#6
Vittorio Lingiardi, Guido Giovanardi, Alexandro Fortunato, Valentina Nassisi, Anna Maria Speranza
The main aim of this study was to investigate the associations between personality features and attachment patterns in transsexual adults. We explored mental representations of attachment, assessed personality traits, and possible personality disorders. Forty-four individuals diagnosed with gender identity disorder (now gender dysphoria), 28 male-to-female and 16 female-to-male, were evaluated using the Shedler-Westen assessment procedure-200 (SWAP-200) to assess personality traits and disorders; the adult attachment interview was used to evaluate their attachment state-of-mind...
February 16, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208886/nurses-perceptions-of-the-concept-of-power-in-nursing-a-qualitative-research
#7
Rana Rezai Sepasi, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Fariba Borhani, Hossein Rafiei
INTRODUCTION: Power is a complex and extensive concept in nursing, which has a decisive impact on the accomplishment of duties, satisfaction and achievement of professional goals. Explaining the concept of power in nursing from the perspective of nurses and accessing its various dimensions may result in a better understanding of this issue. AIM: This study was aimed to explore the concept of power in nursing, using the views and experiences of Iranian nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a qualitative research which used a content analysis approach...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197114/the-facebook-paradox-effects-of-facebooking-on-individuals-social-relationships-and-psychological-well-being
#8
Xiaomeng Hu, Andrew Kim, Nicholas Siwek, David Wilder
Research suggests that Facebooking can be both beneficial and detrimental for users' psychological well-being. The current study attempts to reconcile these seemingly mixed and inconsistent findings by unpacking the specific effects of Facebooking on users' online-offline social relationship satisfaction and psychological well-being. Using structural equation modeling, pathways were examined between Facebook intensity, online-offline social relationship satisfaction, perceived social support, social interaction anxiety, and psychological well-being...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187630/sternaspidae-annelida-sedentaria-from-vietnam-with-description-of-three-new-species-and-clarification-of-some-morphological-features
#9
Anna E Zhadan, Alexander B Tzetlin, Sergio I Salazar-Vallejo
Five sternaspid species were found near Vietnam shores: Sternaspis britayevi sp. nov., S. costata von Marenzeller, 1879, S. nana sp. nov., S. papillosa sp. nov., and S. spinosa Sluiter 1882. Sternaspis britayevi is described from the shallow water in Vietnam inhabiting soft bottoms; it resembles S. spinosa described from Java and S. thorsoni Sendall & Salazar-Vallejo, 2013 described from the Persian Gulf, but differs in having a medially projected and markedly ribbed fan of the ventro-caudal shield and nearly parallel, distally widened and rounded branchial plates...
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170308/the-connection-between-introversion-extraversion-and-social-capital-outcomes-of-playing-world-of-warcraft
#10
Felix Reer, Nicole C Krämer
Some studies indicated that playing online games yields a "rich-get-richer effect" and is especially socially beneficial for extraverted players, while other authors argue that online gaming could have compensational effects for introverted players. The current survey study (N = 409) investigates the connection between introversion/extraversion and social capital outcomes of playing the popular role-playing game World of Warcraft and shows that the rich-get-richer and the compensation perspective are not mutually exclusive...
February 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096752/we-can-be-heroes-mla-s-leadership-journey-s
#11
Mary Joan M J Tooey
OBJECTIVE: Are there key attributes of leaders? Extrovert versus introvert? Charismatic? Detail oriented? Visionary? How do past leaders of the Medical Library Association (MLA) stack up? What leadership skills will MLA's leaders need in a complex information future? Leadership attributes of MLA's past and current presidents were studied to determine the common characteristics shared among these leaders. An examination of the leadership literature identified critical leadership characteristics essential to successful future leaders...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933139/the-neuromuscular-system-of-pycnophyes-kielensis-kinorhyncha-allomalorhagida-investigated-by-confocal-laser-scanning-microscopy
#12
Andreas Altenburger
BACKGROUND: Kinorhynchs are ecdysozoan animals with a phylogenetic position close to priapulids and loriciferans. To understand the nature of segmentation within Kinorhyncha and to infer a probable ancestry of segmentation within the last common ancestor of Ecdysozoa, the musculature and the nervous system of the allomalorhagid kinorhynch Pycnophyes kielensis were investigated by use of immunohistochemistry, confocal laser scanning microscopy, and 3D reconstruction software. RESULTS: The kinorhynch body plan comprises 11 trunk segments...
2016: EvoDevo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881901/applicant-personality-and-procedural-justice-perceptions-of-group-selection-interviews
#13
Hege H Bye, Gro M Sandal
PURPOSE: We investigated how job applicants' personalities influence perceptions of the structural and social procedural justice of group selection interviews (i.e., a group of several applicants being evaluated simultaneously). We especially addressed trait interactions between neuroticism and extraversion (the affective plane) and extraversion and agreeableness (the interpersonal plane). DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Data on personality (pre-interview) and justice perceptions (post-interview) were collected in a field study among job applicants (N = 97) attending group selection interviews for positions as teachers in a Norwegian high school...
2016: Journal of Business and Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845759/altered-episodic-memory-in-introverted-young-adults-carrying-the-bdnfmet-allele
#14
Andreanne Bombardier, Maude Beauchemin, Nadia Gosselin, Judes Poirier, Louis De Beaumont
While most studies have been interested in the distinct, predisposing roles of the common BDNF Val66Met variant and extraversion personality traits on episodic memory, very few studies have looked at the synergistic effects of genetic and personality factors to account for cognitive variance. This is surprising considering recent reports challenging the long-held belief that the BDNFMet variant negatively impacts cognitive function. A total of 75 young healthy adults (26 of them carried at least one copy of the BDNFMet allele) took part in this study consisting of genetic profiling from saliva, personality assessment using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) and a short battery of neuropsychological tests...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749964/internalizing-and-externalizing-personality-and-subjective-effects-in-a-sample-of-adolescent-cannabis-users
#15
Sara García-Sánchez, Josep Lluís Matalí, María Martín-Fernández, Marta Pardo, Maria Lleras, Carmina Castellano-Tejedor, Josep Maria Haro
Cannabis is the illicit substance most widely used by adolescents. Certain personality traits such as impulsivity and sensation seeking, and the subjective effects experienced after substance use (e.g. euphoria or relaxation) have been identified as some of the main etiological factors of consumption. This study aims to categorize a sample of adolescent cannabis users based on their most dominant personality traits (internalizing and externalizing profile). Then, to make a comparison of both profiles considering a set of variables related to consumption, clinical severity and subjective effects experienced...
October 6, 2016: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648622/personality-traits-and-decision-on-breast-reconstruction-in-women-after-mastectomy
#16
Halina Miśkiewicz, Bogusław Antoszewski, Aleksandra Iljin
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was evaluation of the correlation between selected personality traits in women after mastectomy and their decision on breast reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted between 2013‑2015, in the Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, and Department of Oncological and Breast Surgery, CZMP. Comparative analysis comprised 40 patients, in whom mastectomy and breast reconstruction was done, and 40 women after breast amputation, who did not undergo reconstructive surgery...
September 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634724/the-case
#17
(no author information available yet)
Ms. L. is a 31-year-old female who presents to Dr. Impf, a neurosurgeon. Ms. L. has a more than 25-year history of iteratively worsening Tourette syndrome, characterized by severe motoric and postural tics and respiratory expression (grunting). Ms. L. is a rather shy, somewhat introverted woman who spends her time with her husband and a small group of friends, mostly watching cooking shows. Although she has been, and is generally, a good student, she describes her academic performance as "not stellar." Following years of unsuccessful attempts at pharmacological therapy, Ms...
October 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391240/how-personality-affects-vulnerability-among-israelis-and-palestinians-following-the-2009-gaza-conflict
#18
Daphna Canetti, Shaul Kimhi, Rasmiyah Hanoun, Gabriel A Rocha, Sandro Galea, Charles A Morgan
Can the onset of PTSD symptoms and depression be predicted by personality factors and thought control strategies? A logical explanation for the different mental health outcomes of individuals exposed to trauma would seem to be personality factors and thought control strategies. Trauma exposure is necessary but not sufficient for the development of PTSD. To this end, we assess the role of personality traits and coping styles in PTSD vulnerability among Israeli and Palestinian students amid conflict. We also determine whether gender and exposure level to trauma impact the likelihood of the onset of PTSD symptoms...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360479/effects-of-moderate-intensity-aerobic-exercise-on-cognition-and-arousal-in-extrovert-introvert-personality-types-1560-board-213-june-2-9-00-am-10-30-am
#19
Deborah Riquelme, Arlette Perry, Doris Ugarriza, Kevin Jacobs, Karina Gattamorta, Brian Arwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27336910/personality-similarity-in-negotiations-testing-the-dyadic-effects-of-similarity-in-interpersonal-traits-and-the-use-of-emotional-displays-on-negotiation-outcomes
#20
Kelly Schwind Wilson, D Scott DeRue, Fadel K Matta, Michael Howe, Donald E Conlon
We build on the small but growing literature documenting personality influences on negotiation by examining how the joint disposition of both negotiators with respect to the interpersonal traits of agreeableness and extraversion influences important negotiation processes and outcomes. Building on similarity-attraction theory, we articulate and demonstrate how being similarly high or similarly low on agreeableness and extraversion leads dyad members to express more positive emotional displays during negotiation...
October 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
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