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Sara García-Sánchez, Josep Lluís Matalí, María Martín-Fernández, Marta Pardo, Maria Lleras, Carmina Castellano-Tejedor, Josep Maria Haro
Cannabis is the illicit substance most widely used by adolescents. Certain personality traits such as impulsivity and sensation seeking, and the subjective effects experienced after substance use (e.g. euphoria or relaxation) have been identified as some of the main etiological factors of consumption. This study aims to categorize a sample of adolescent cannabis users based on their most dominant personality traits (internalizing and externalizing profile). Then, to make a comparison of both profiles considering a set of variables related to consumption, clinical severity and subjective effects experienced...
October 6, 2016: Adicciones
Halina Miśkiewicz, Bogusław Antoszewski, Aleksandra Iljin
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was evaluation of the correlation between selected personality traits in women after mastectomy and their decision on breast reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted between 2013‑2015, in the Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, and Department of Oncological and Breast Surgery, CZMP. Comparative analysis comprised 40 patients, in whom mastectomy and breast reconstruction was done, and 40 women after breast amputation, who did not undergo reconstructive surgery...
September 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
(no author information available yet)
Ms. L. is a 31-year-old female who presents to Dr. Impf, a neurosurgeon. Ms. L. has a more than 25-year history of iteratively worsening Tourette syndrome, characterized by severe motoric and postural tics and respiratory expression (grunting). Ms. L. is a rather shy, somewhat introverted woman who spends her time with her husband and a small group of friends, mostly watching cooking shows. Although she has been, and is generally, a good student, she describes her academic performance as "not stellar." Following years of unsuccessful attempts at pharmacological therapy, Ms...
October 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
Daphna Canetti, Shaul Kimhi, Rasmiyah Hanoun, Gabriel A Rocha, Sandro Galea, Charles A Morgan
Can the onset of PTSD symptoms and depression be predicted by personality factors and thought control strategies? A logical explanation for the different mental health outcomes of individuals exposed to trauma would seem to be personality factors and thought control strategies. Trauma exposure is necessary but not sufficient for the development of PTSD. To this end, we assess the role of personality traits and coping styles in PTSD vulnerability among Israeli and Palestinian students amid conflict. We also determine whether gender and exposure level to trauma impact the likelihood of the onset of PTSD symptoms...
2016: PloS One
Deborah Riquelme, Arlette Perry, Doris Ugarriza, Kevin Jacobs, Karina Gattamorta, Brian Arwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Kelly Schwind Wilson, D Scott DeRue, Fadel K Matta, Michael Howe, Donald E Conlon
We build on the small but growing literature documenting personality influences on negotiation by examining how the joint disposition of both negotiators with respect to the interpersonal traits of agreeableness and extraversion influences important negotiation processes and outcomes. Building on similarity-attraction theory, we articulate and demonstrate how being similarly high or similarly low on agreeableness and extraversion leads dyad members to express more positive emotional displays during negotiation...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
Mieke Dolphens, Stijn Vansteelandt, Barbara Cagnie, Andry Vleeming, Jo Nijs, Guy Vanderstraeten, Lieven Danneels
PURPOSE: To investigate the factors related to the 1-month period prevalence of low back pain (LBP), neck pain (NP) and thoracic spine pain (TSP) in young adolescents, thereby considering potential correlates from the physical, sociodemographic, lifestyle, psychosocial and comorbid pain domains. METHODS: In this cross-sectional baseline study, 69 factors potentially associated with spinal pain were assessed among 842 healthy adolescents before pubertal peak growth...
September 2016: European Spine Journal
Daniela Fadda, L Francesca Scalas
Among personality traits, extraversion has received major theoretical and empirical attention as predictor of subjective well-being (SWB), whereas the role of emotional stability-neuroticism has been partially neglected. The present study aims to study the role of neuroticism in the relationship between introversion-extraversion and SWB. In particular, we explored if the trait of neuroticism moderates the relationships between introversion-extraversion and SWB dimensions (Satisfaction with life, Mastery, Vigour, Social Cheerfulness), directly and by mediation of self-esteem...
February 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
Peter Mayer, Paul Panek
BACKGROUND: In the European Union (EU) research project "HOBBIT" prototypes of assistive robots were developed in order to support a more secure and independent life style and trials were run at the homes of elderly users. OBJECTIVE: The project "personAAL" aimed at investigating whether distinct behavioral forms of a robot ("personality"), despite an identical basic function (e.g. bringing a message) are perceived as different personalities by the test persons...
June 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Emel Bulcun, Yakup Turkel, Omer Oguztürk, Ersel Dag, S Visal Buturak, Aydanur Ekici, Mehmet Ekici
INTRODUCTION: Psychological distress of patients with asthma may be reduced when they learned to live with their illness. Asthma can change the psychological and personality characteristics. We aim to investigate the psychological and personality characteristics of patients with asthma by using MMPI (Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory). METHODS: Thirty-three adult patients with asthma (23 female and 10 male) and 20 healthy controls (14 females and 6 males) were enrolled in the present study...
May 5, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Adrian Furnham, John Crump
BACKGROUND: This study looked at the relationship between "bright-side" and "dark-side" personality variables by focusing on the controversial trait of Passive-Aggressiveness. Around 4800 British adults completed the NEO-PI-R which measures the Big Five Personality factors at the Domain and the Facet level, as well as the Hogan Development Survey (HDS) which has a measure of Passive-Aggressiveness called Leisurely. AIM: To determine to what extent the well-established Big Five traits measured at both domain and facet level can account for the variance in a measure of passive-aggressiveness...
April 11, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
Larry Dossey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Aamena Alshamsi, Fabio Pianesi, Bruno Lepri, Alex Pentland, Iyad Rahwan
People divide their time unequally among their social contacts due to time constraints and varying strength of relationships. It was found that high diversity of social communication, dividing time more evenly among social contacts, is correlated with economic well-being both at macro and micro levels. Besides economic well-being, it is not clear how the diversity of social communication is also associated with the two components of individuals' subjective well-being, positive and negative affect. Specifically, positive affect and negative affect are two independent dimensions representing the experience (feeling) of emotions...
2016: PloS One
N Tehrani
BACKGROUND: Working with victims and perpetrators of child sexual abuse has been shown to cause secondary traumatic stress (STS) in child protection professionals. AIMS: To examine the role of gender and personality on the development of secondary trauma responses. METHODS: A study of Internet child abuse investigators (ICAIs) from two UK police forces. Participants completed a personality test together with tests for anxiety, depression, burnout, STS and post-traumatic stress disorder to assess secondary trauma...
July 2016: Occupational Medicine
Alex Inthasot, Emilio Brunetti, Manuel Lejeune, Nicolas Menard, Thierry Prangé, Luca Fusaro, Gilles Bruylants, Olivia Reinaud, Michel Luhmer, Ivan Jabin, Benoit Colasson
The Huisgen thermal reaction between an organic azide and an acetylene was employed for the selective monofunctionalization of a X6 -azacryptand ligand bearing a tren coordinating unit [X6 stands for calix[6]arene and tren for tris(2-aminoethyl)amine]. Supramolecular assistance, originating from the formation of a host-guest inclusion complex between the reactants, greatly accelerates the reaction while self-inhibition affords a remarkable selectivity. The new ligand possesses a single amino-leg appended at the large rim of the calixarene core and the corresponding Zn(2+) complex was characterized both in solution and in the solid state...
March 24, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Fei Wang, Kaiping Peng, Yang Bai, Rui Li, Ying Zhu, Pei Sun, Hua Guo, Chun Yuan, Pia Rotshtein, Jie Sui
Dialectical self-thinking involves holding the view that one can possess contradictory traits such as extraverted and introverted. Prior work has demonstrated that the dorsal part of anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) plays a crucial role in conflict monitoring as well as self-related processing. Here, we tested the function of dACC in dialectical self-thinking using a modified classical self-referential paradigm (self- vs. other-referential thinking), in which participants had to make a judgment whether a simultaneously presented pair of contradictory or non-contradictory traits properly described them while brain activity was recording using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Chong Yang, George Richard, Martin Durkin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study is to examine the association between Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and prospective psychiatry residents. METHODS: Forty-six American medical schools were contacted and asked to participate in this study. Data were collected and an aggregated list was compiled that included the following information: date of MBTI administration, academic year, MBTI form/version, residency match information and student demographic information...
2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Marije C M Vermeulen, Rebecca G Astill, Jeroen S Benjamins, Hanna Swaab, Eus J W Van Someren, Kristiaan B van der Heijden
The importance of sufficient sleep for cognitive performance has been increasingly recognized. Individual differences in susceptibility to effects of sleep restriction have hardly been investigated in children. We investigated whether individual differences in temperament moderate the association of sleep duration with sustained attention, inhibition, and working memory in 123 children (42% boys) aged 9 to 11 years. Sleep duration was assessed using parental diaries, and temperament traits of extraversion and negative affectivity were assessed by child self-report (Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire-Revised)...
April 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Fereshteh Farzianpour, Saeadeh Ansari Nosrati, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Fateme Hasanpour, Zahra Khakdel Jelodar, Meysam Safi Keykale, Mohammad Bakhtiari, Niusha Shahidi Sadeghi
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Because of social progress, population growth, industrialization, and the requirements of some jobs, a significant percentage of employees are working in shifts. Shift work is considered a threat to health that could have unfavorable effects on various aspects of human life. This study investigated the relationship between shift work and the personality traits of nurses and their coping strategies in a selection of non-governmental hospitals in Tehran in 2014. METHODS: This applied cross-sectional descriptive research employed the Standard Shift work Index and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) which, after confirmation of its validity and reliability (Cronbach's alpha 0...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Iraj Alimohammadi, Mojtaba Zokaei, Stephan Sandrock
BACKGROUND: Traffic noise is one of the main important sources in urban noise pollution, which causes various physiological and psychological effects that can cause disturbs in performance, sleep disturbances, hearing loss and impact on job performance. This study was conducted to verify the impact of road traffic noise on reaction time in terms of extraversion and sex. METHODS: Traffic noise was measured and recorded in 10 arterial streets in Tehran, and then the recorded noise was emitted towards participants in an acoustic room...
2015: Health Promotion Perspectives
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