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pleural effusion recurrent

Tao Yin, Guoping Wang, Sisi He, Guobo Shen, Chao Su, Yan Zhang, Xiawei Wei, Tinghong Ye, Ling Li, Shengyong Yang, Dan Li, Fuchun Guo, Zemin Mo, Yang Wan, Ping Ai, Xiaojuan Zhou, Yantong Liu, Yongsheng Wang, Yuquan Wei
Malignant pleural effusion (PE) and ascites, common clinical manifestations in advanced cancer patients, are associated with poor prognosis. However, the biological characteristics of malignant PE and ascites are not clarified. Here, we report that malignant PE and ascites can induce frequent epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program and endow tumor cells with stem cell properties with high efficiency, which promote tumor growth, chemoresistance and immune evasion. We determine that this EMT process is mainly dependent on VEGF, one initiator of PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Rebecca Krochmal, Chakravarthy Reddy, Lonny Yarmus, Neeraj R Desai, David Feller-Kopman, Hans J Lee
BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusions (MPEs) represent advanced stage disease with potentially significant patient discomfort due to dyspnea. Palliative management options include repetitive thoracenteses, placement of a tunneled pleural catheter (TPC), chemical pleurodesis, or some combination of these procedures. The rapid pleurodesis procedure combines thoracoscopic talc pleurodesis and insertion of a TPC at the same time with the goals of reducing both the length of hospitalization and the duration of catheter use...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Jian-Ping Dou, Jie Yu, Zhi-Yu Han, Fang-Yi Liu, Zhi-Gang Cheng, Ping Liang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma associated with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: A total of 10 patients (mean 50.0 ± 7.5 years) with 15 BCS-associated HCC lesions were retrospectively evaluated. All patients received MWA treatment for residual tumors after 1 to 3 sessions of TACE. The diagnosis of residual tumors was confirmed by at least two types of enhanced imaging...
September 29, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Ji Woong Jang, Myung-Hwan Kim, Dongwook Oh, Dong Hui Cho, Tae Jun Song, Do Hyun Park, Sang Soo Lee, Dong-Wan Seo, Sung Koo Lee, Sung-Hoon Moon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) can affect main pancreatic duct (MPD) as well as parenchyma. However, the incidence and outcomes of MPD disruption has not been well studied in the setting of ANP. METHODS: This retrospective study investigated 84 of 465 patients with ANP who underwent magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and/or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. The MPD disruption group was subclassified into complete and partial disruption...
September 20, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Xin-Li Mao, Li-Ping Ye, Hai-Hong Zheng, Xian-Bin Zhou, Lin-Hong Zhu, Yu Zhang
Submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) of subepithelial tumors (SETs) originating from the muscularis propria (MP) layer in the cardia is rarely performed due to the difficulty of creating a submucosal tunnel for resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of STER using methylene-blue guidance for SETs originating from the MP layer in the cardia. From January 2012 to December 2014, 56 patients with SETs originating from the MP layer in the cardia were treated with STER using methylene-blue guidance...
September 26, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Pedro David Delgado-López, Antonio Rodríguez-Salazar, Vicente Martín-Velasco, José Manuel Castilla-Díez, Javier Martín-Alonso, Ana Galacho-Harriero, Cecilia Gil-Polo, Elena Araus-Galdós
OBJECTIVE: To describe the specific surgical details and report the lessons learned with a series of patients suffering from spinal tumours that underwent total en bloc spondylectomy (TES). METHODS: A retrospective case series review is presented, together with an analysis of the clinical and technical variables, as well as the outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 10 patients underwent TES (2000-2016) for primary (osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, fibrosarcoma and chordoma) and secondary spinal tumours (lung, breast, thyroid, oesophagus, and meningioma metastases)...
September 14, 2016: Neurocirugía
Jared W Davis, Lynn S Jones
Nitrofurantoin has been documented as a cause of acute, sub-acute, and chronic pulmonary injury. This is a case of an 82 year-old female who presented with multiple episodes of respiratory symptoms due to recurrent pleural effusions after beginning nitrofurantoin therapy for urinary tract infection prophylaxis. Due to the rarity of pleural effusion as an adverse reaction to nitrofurantoin, the diagnosis was overlooked at first. This led to the patient undergoing multiple invasive procedures and accruing unnecessary healthcare cost before the diagnosis was made...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Gan-Lin He, Ying-Jun Chang, Lan-Ping Xu, Xiao-Hui Zhang, Yu Wang, Kai-Yan Liu, Xiao-Jun Huang
BACKGROUND: So far, there is very little literature on how pre-transplant pulmonary infection developed in horizontal laminar flow unit (HLFU) affects outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on allo-HSCT recipients who were diagnosed with pre-transplant pulmonary infection developed in HLFU between January 2012 and December 2012. Various tests were analyzed to evaluate the overall survival (OS) and pulmonary infection rate after allo-HSCT...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
C Le Stradic, J Aroulandom, H Kotobi, D Pariente, C Gaboran, J Lemale, B Dubern, P Tounian
INTRODUCTION: Duodenal duplications are rare congenital malformations whose revealing signs are highly variable and nonspecific. OBSERVATION: We report the case of a female infant who presented with neonatal acute pancreatitis complicated by recurrent ascites, profound hypoalbuminemia responsible for pleural and pericardial effusions, revealing a duodenal duplication cyst. The unusual and original clinical presentation as well as the difficulty detecting the duplication radiologically delayed the diagnosis...
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Fathima Aaysha Cader, M Maksumul Haq, Sahela Nasrin, Md Rezaul Karim
BACKGROUND: Striking an adequate balance between bleeding risks and prevention of stent thrombosis can be challenging in the setting of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug eluting stents (DES) in acute myocardial infarction (MI). This is more pronounced in patients treated with both low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Prasugrel, a second generation thienopyridine with more potent platelet inhibition capability, is associated with significant bleeding risks...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Libing Xiang, Yunxia Tu, Tiancong He, Xuxia Shen, Ziting Li, Xiaohua Wu, Huijuan Yang
OBJECTIVE: Distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy may be required for optimal cytoreductive surgery in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) metastasized to splenic hilum. This study evaluates the morbidity and treatment outcomes of the uncommon procedure in the management of advanced or recurrent EOC. METHODS: This study recruited 18 patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy during cytoreductive surgery of EOC. Their clinicopathological characteristics and follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Nurul Yaqeen Mohd Esa, Adli Azam Mohd Radzi, Nor Salmah Bakar, Mohd Shukry Mohd Khalid, Ahmad Izuanuddin Ismail, Mohamed Fauzi Abdul Rani
Teratomas of anterior mediastinum are rare. They are often slow growing, asymptomatic, and detected incidentally on chest imaging. Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus) is an acid-fast bacillus that is classified as a pathogenic "rapid growing" non-tuberculous mycobacteria. It is an uncommon cause of human pathology, which may cause skin and soft tissue infection after skin injury following inoculation, minor trauma, and surgery. Here, we present an unusual case of benign cystic teratoma mimicking recurrent pleural effusion, which was subsequently complicated by M...
May 2016: Respirology Case Reports
Kembu Nakamoto, Motohiro Takeshige, Toshiyuki Fujii, Hiroshi Hashiyada, Kazuya Yoshida, Sadahiro Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: The empyema space is refractory to elimination of bacterial colonization. Electrolyzed saline (ES) was used as intra-pleural irrigation for rapid disinfection of the empyema space. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients with para-pneumonic empyema were reviewed in this study from 2007 to 2015. The empyema space was irrigated by miniaturized thoracoscopic surgery (mini VATS), and the efficacy and safety of the use of ES were evaluated. RESULTS: Sixteen patients were male and four were female, with a mean age of 66...
August 11, 2016: Surgical Infections
Vanessa Ocampo, Derek Haaland, K Legault, Shika Mittoo, Emily Aitken
A 22-year-old Caucasian man presented to hospital with pleuritic chest pain. He had had a history of a sun-sensitive rash a year prior. Workup revealed normal cardiac enzymes and chest X-ray. However, electrocardiogram revealed ST elevation and PR depression, and echocardiogram revealed a slight pericardial effusion without other findings. A diagnosis of pericarditis was made. Subsequently, he was found to be positive for antinuclear antibodies (ANAs), as well as antibodies to SSA, SSB and double-stranded DNA; C3 was low, and C4 was undetectable...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Tomás Francisco Fariña González, Antonio Núñez Reiz, Julieta Latorre, Martín Salcedo Rivas, Eduardo Morales Sorribas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Chest
Jessica H Y Tan, Anne A L Hsu
BACKGROUND: Majority of patients with solitary fibrous tumours of the pleura (SFTP) are asymptomatic. Acute presentation with symptoms resulting from mass effect due to rapid expansion of tumour size has not been reported before. CASE PRESENTATION: This report chronicles the case of a giant SFTP in a 76-year-old lady who presented with acute onset of haemoptysis, left-sided pleuritic chest pain and hoarseness of voice. Her chest radiograph showed a large left upper hemithorax mass with an ipsilateral effusion...
2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Joon Young Choi, Sung-Hwan Kim, Seung-Ki Kwok, Jung Im Jung, Kyo-Young Lee, Tae-Jung Kim, Ji Young Kang
Behçet's disease is a systemic disease which may involve various organs. We describe a case of a patient diagnosed as pleuropericardial involvement of Behçet's disease. A 30-year-old woman visited our clinic presented with left pleuritic chest pain for s days. She had been diagnosed as Behçet's disease and admitted to our clinic due to pericardial and pleural effusion repeatedly in past two years. In the previous studies, effusion analysis revealed to be lympho-dominant exudate with high adenosine deaminase level...
July 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
David DeLapp, Christopher Chan, Perry Nystrom
Mesothelioma is a rare pulmonary malignancy commonly associated with asbestos exposure. Its presentation is insidious and non-specific, with complaints of chest pain, dyspnea and cough. Chest X-ray may demonstrate unilateral pleural effusion. CT and PET scans may highlight nodular pleural plaques. Diagnosis often times is difficult with negative imaging and negative pleural fluid studies. In rare cases, hydropneumothoraces may be seen. We report a case of malignant pleural mesothelioma presenting as recurrent hydropneumothorax with negative CT scan of the chest for pleural abnormalities and negative pleural fluid studies...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Preyas J Vaidya, Anil Heroor, Sitaram Prasad, Rajat Bhargava, Nanadan Arulvannan, Jay Mehta, Boman N Dhabhar, Prashant N Chhajed
Synovial cell sarcoma is an extremely rare tumor of mesenchymal origin. It commonly affects the soft tissues of the extremities but could possibly origin from the head and neck, heart, lung, pleura, mediastinum, esophagus, abdominal wall and the mesentery, and retroperitoneum. Primary synovial sarcoma of pleura, mediastinum, and lung have been reported. Primary synovial sarcoma of the diaphragm has not been reported to the best of our knowledge. We report a case of primary synovial cell sarcoma of the diaphragm presenting as a recurrent pleural effusion and pain in the left hypochondrium managed with multimodality approach...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
S D Braun, I Platzek, D Danowski, K Zöphel, M Weise, M Kolditz, S Katzke, R H Strasser, G Höffken, M Halank
BACKGROUND: In clinical routine, the pulmonary contrast-enhanced chest computer tomography (CT) is usually focussed on the pulmonary arteries. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to raise the clinicians' awareness for the clinical relevance of CT pulmonary venography. CASE PRESENTATION: A pictorial case series illustrates the clinical consequences of different pulmonary venous pathologies on systemic, pulmonary and bronchial circulation. CONCLUSION: Computed tomography pulmonary venography must be considered before atrial septal defect (ASD) closure and pulmonary lobectomy...
July 9, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
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