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Quadratus lumborum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135590/the-analgesic-effect-of-ultrasound-guided-quadratus-lumborum-block-after-cesarean-delivery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Anders Krohg, Kyrre Ullensvang, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Eldrid Langesæter, Axel R Sauter
BACKGROUND: Landmark and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane blocks have demonstrated an opioid-sparing effect postoperatively after cesarean delivery. The more posterior quadratus lumborum (QL) might provide superior local anesthetic spread to the thoracolumbar fascia and paravertebral space. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the QL block after cesarean delivery. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was performed. Forty parturients undergoing cesarean delivery received bilateral ultrasound-guided QL blocks with either 2 mg/mL ropivacaine or saline postoperatively...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103570/quadratus-lumborum-blocks
#2
REVIEW
Hesham Elsharkawy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095712/ultrasound-guided-transversalis-fascia-plane-block-an-alternative-approach-for-anesthesia-in-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-a-case-report
#3
Paolo Scimia, Erika Basso Ricci, Emiliano Petrucci, Astrid Ursula Behr, Franco Marinangeli, Pierfrancesco Fusco
Ultrasound (US)-guided transversalis fascia plane block (TFPB) was first described by Hebbard as a technique for blockade of T12-L1 nerves. Although this technique appears similar to the quadratus lumborum 1 block, the point of injection is more caudal and anterior, specifically targeting ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves. There are only few published data on US-guided TFPB demonstrating effective postoperative analgesia in iliac crest bone graft harvesting. We report the use of US-guided TFPB in a patient undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy...
November 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060921/the-use-of-electromyography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-evaluate-a-core-strengthening-exercise-programme
#4
Alicja Rutkowska-Kucharska, Agnieszka Szpala
BACKGROUND: The question that was asked in the study was whether a training routine based on curl-up exercises with a load provided by body mass of the person increases local muscle strength or local muscle endurance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 4 weeks training based on a small load and low movement velocity on electrical activity (EMG), cross-sectional area (CSA) of core stabilisers. METHODS: The EMG activity was measured in the rectus abdominis (RA), obliquus abdominis externus and erector spinae (ES) muscles...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033750/bilateral-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-a-von-hippel-lindau-syndrome-patient-undergoing-laparoscopic-radical-nephrectomy
#5
Gaurav Sindwani, Sandeep Sahu, Aditi Suri, Zakia Saeed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025041/trigger-points-pressure-pain-hyperalgesia-and-mechanosensitivity-of-neural-tissue-in-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#6
Pedro Fuentes-Márquez, Marie Carmen Valenza, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Ana Ríos-Sánchez, Olga Ocón-Hernández
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the presence of myofascial trigger points (TrPs), widespread pressure pain sensitivity, and mechanosensitivity of neural tissue in women with chronic pelvic pain. Design: Case-control study. Setting: Faculty of Health Sciences. Subjects: Forty women with chronic pelvic pain between age 18 and 60 years and 40 matched healthy controls were included in the study. Methods: TrPs were bilaterally explored in gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, quadratus lumborum, and adductor magnus muscles...
August 25, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971042/extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-versus-trigger-point-injection-in-the-treatment-of-myofascial-pain-syndrome-in-the-quadratus-lumborum
#7
Jin Oh Hong, Joon Sang Park, Dae Geun Jeon, Wang Hyeon Yoon, Jung Hyun Park
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and trigger point injection (TPI) for the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome in the quadratus lumborum. METHODS: In a retrospective study at our institute, 30 patients with myofascial pain syndrome in the quadratus lumborum were assigned to ESWT or TPI groups. We assessed ESWT and TPI treatment according to their affects on pain relief and disability improvement. The outcome measures for the pain assessment were a visual analogue scale score and pain pressure threshold...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968327/posterior-iliac-crest-bone-graft-how-much-is-enough
#8
Thaddeus Boucree, Dylan McLaughlin, Silvy Akrawe, Vigen Darian, Aamir Siddiqui
Autogenous bone grafting is the gold standard for reconstructing craniofacial defects. Mandibular defects are reliably reconstructed with free nonvascularized bone, such as from the posterior iliac crest (PIC). In light of improved imaging, including 3-dimensional computed tomography scanning, a more accurate defect estimation is possible. A strong understanding of bone graft available is necessary. The purpose of this study was an updated review of the dissection and quantification of the amount of bone that can be safely harvested...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961732/novel-surgical-treatment-strategies-for-unstable-lumbar-osteodiscitis-a-3-patient-case-series
#9
Michael A Bohl, Randall J Hlubek, Jay D Turner, Edward M Reece, U Kumar Kakarla, Steve W Chang
BACKGROUND: Lumbar osteomyelitis frequently affects patients with medical comorbidities and poor preoperative health. Surgery is indicated when medical management fails or patients present with spinal instability or neural compromise. Successful arthrodesis can be difficult and sometimes requires alternative surgical techniques. OBJECTIVE: To report 3 novel methods, each illustrated by a case, for achieving arthrodesis for lumbar osteomyelitis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 3 cases of surgical treatment of lumbar osteomyelitis...
August 9, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934633/association-of-low-back-pain-with-muscle-stiffness-and-muscle-mass-of-the-lumbar-back-muscles-and-sagittal-spinal-alignment-in-young-and-middle-aged-medical-workers
#10
Mitsuhiro Masaki, Tomoki Aoyama, Takashi Murakami, Ko Yanase, Xiang Ji, Hiroshige Tateuchi, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Muscle stiffness of the lumbar back muscles in low back pain (LBP) patients has not been clearly elucidated because quantitative assessment of the stiffness of individual muscles was conventionally difficult. This study aimed to examine the association of LBP with muscle stiffness assessed using ultrasonic shear wave elastography (SWE) and muscle mass of the lumbar back muscle, and spinal alignment in young and middle-aged medical workers. METHODS: The study comprised 23 asymptomatic medical workers [control (CTR) group] and 9 medical workers with LBP (LBP group)...
November 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879571/risk-factors-for-non-contact-injury-in-adolescent-cricket-pace-bowlers-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Mitchell R L Forrest, Jeffrey J Hebert, Brendan R Scott, Stefano Brini, Alasdair R Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Adolescent cricket pace bowlers are prone to injury. Recognising the risk factors for non-contact injury in this population will aid future injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for non-contact injury in adolescent cricket pace bowlers. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and the South African Journal of Sports Medicine to identify all experimental and observational studies reporting risk factors for non-contact injuries in pace bowlers (aged 12-19 years)...
December 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802593/evaluation-of-ultrasound-guided-posterior-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-laparoscopic-gynecologic-surgery
#12
Junichi Ishio, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Haruki Kido, Toshiaki Minami
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of ultrasound-guided posterior quadratus lumborum block (QLB) in treating postoperative pain following laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. PATIENTS: Seventy adult patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic gynaecological surgery under general anesthesia. INTERVENTION: This randomized controlled study involved two groups of adult females who were scheduled to undergo laparoscopic gynecologic surgery under general anesthesia...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801988/prompt-scanning-and-quantification-of-lumbar-muscles-seeing-the-butterly
#13
Eda Gürçay, Murat Kara, Bayram Kaymak, Abdullah Ruhi Soylu, Levent Özçakar
We have taken interest in the article by Hides and Stanton which has been published in your journal (Hides et al., 2017). First, we congratulate the authors for their effort in calling attention to the use of ultrasound (US) for scanning the multifidus and quadratus lumborum (QL) muscles. Errors in quantification might stem mainly from two reasons; failure to capture an appropriate image and failure to technically quantify it (Özçakar et al., 2011 and 2013). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
August 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759502/quadratus-lumborum-block-versus-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-children-undergoing-low-abdominal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Gözen Öksüz, Bora Bilal, Yavuz Gürkan, Aykut Urfalioğlu, Mahmut Arslan, Gökçe Gişi, Hafize Öksüz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Truncal blocks have a place within multimodal analgesia techniques in abdominal surgery. The quadratus lumborum block is a new abdominal truncal block used for somatic analgesia of both the upper and lower abdomen. In this prospective, double-blind, randomized study, we aimed to compare quadratus lumborum block and transversus abdominis plane block in pediatric patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery. METHODS: Fifty-three children undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair or orchiopexy surgery were randomized into 2 groups: transversus abdominis plane block and quadratus lumborum block...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756538/quantitative-anatomy-of-the-growing-quadratus-lumborum-in-the-human-foetus
#15
Magdalena Grzonkowska, Mariusz Baumgart, Mateusz Badura, Małgorzata Dombek, Marcin Wiśniewski, Monika Paruszewska-Achtel, Michał Szpinda
PURPOSES: The purpose of the study was to quantitatively evaluate the size of the quadratus lumborum and to precisely display its growth dynamics in the human foetus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using anatomical dissection, digital-image analysis (NIS Elements AR 3.0) and statistical analysis (Student's t test, regression analysis), the length, width, surface area, and cross-sectional area of the quadratus lumborum were measured, and the width-to-length ratio was calculated in 58 human foetuses of both sexes (26♂, 32♀) aged 16-27 weeks...
July 29, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756299/is-the-size-and-composition-of-the-paraspinal-muscles-associated-with-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Tom A Ranger, Flavia M Cicuttini, Tue S Jensen, Waruna L Peiris, Sultana Monira Hussain, Jessica Fairley, Donna M Urquhart
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Although previous studies have investigated the association between paraspinal muscle morphology and low back pain (LBP), the results are conflicting. PURPOSE: This systematic review examined the relationship between size and composition of the paraspinal muscles and LBP. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A systematic review was carried out. PATIENT SAMPLE: No patient sample was required. OUTCOME MEASURES: This review had no outcome measures...
July 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731927/injectate-spread-following-anterior-sub-costal-and-posterior-approaches-to-the-quadratus-lumborum-block-a-comparative-cadaveric-study
#17
Hesham Elsharkawy, Kariem El-Boghdadly, Sree Kolli, Wael A S Esa, Sean DeGrande, Loran M Soliman, Richard L Drake
BACKGROUND: The dermatomal level of analgesia achieved with quadratus lumborum blocks varies according to the location of injection. The most commonly used approaches are either at the postero-lateral aspect or anterior to the quadratus lumborum muscle. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the site of injection of contrast dye around the quadratus lumborum muscle of cadavers affects the extent and mechanism of dye spread. DESIGN: Observational human cadaver study...
September 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679202/the-ultrasound-guided-transmuscular-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-perioperative-analgesia-in-open-nephrectomy-a-case-report
#18
Ruggero M Corso, Emanuele Piraccini, Massimiliano Sorbello, Daniele Bellantonio, Mario Tedesco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654429/quadratus-lumborum-spares-paravertebral-space-in-fresh-cadaver-injection
#19
Amanda Kumar, Neda Sadeghi, Chris Wahal, Jeff Gadsden, Stuart A Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632686/quadratus-lumborum-1-and-transversalis-fascia-blocks-different-names-for-the-same-posterior-pararenal-space-block
#20
Olivier Choquet, Xavier Capdevila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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