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Quadratus lumborum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632686/quadratus-lumborum-1-and-transversalis-fascia-blocks-different-names-for-the-same-posterior-pararenal-space-block
#1
Olivier Choquet, Xavier Capdevila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609336/extravasated-fluid-in-hip-arthroscopy-and-pain-is-quadratus-lumborum-block-the-answer
#2
Bruce Ben-David, Luca La Colla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549524/-quadratus-lumborum-block-are-we-aware-of-its-side-effects-a-report-of-2-cases
#3
Miguel Sá, José Miguel Cardoso, Hugo Reis, Marta Esteves, José Sampaio, Isabel Gouveia, Pilar Carballada, Célia Pinheiro, Duarte Machado
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The quadratus lumborum block was initially described in 2007 and aims at blocking the same nerves as the ones involved on the Transverse Abdominis Plane block, while accomplishing some visceral enervation as well due to closer proximity with the neuroaxis and sympathetic trunk. Given its versatility, we have successfully used it in a wide range of procedures. We report two cases where we believe the dispersion of local anesthetic is likely to have led to a previously undescribed complication...
May 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537418/short-term-changes-in-algometry-inclinometry-stabilometry-and-urinary-ph-analysis-after-a-thoracolumbar-junction-manipulation-in-patients-with-kidney-stones
#4
Ángel Oliva Pascual-Vaca, Ramón Punzano-Rodríguez, Pablo Escribá-Astaburuaga, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, François Ricard, Maria Angeles Franco-Sierra, Cleofás Rodríguez-Blanco
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of a high-velocity low-amplitude manipulation of the thoracolumbar junction in different urologic and musculoskeletal parameters in subjects suffering from renal lithiasis. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled blinded clinical study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: The Nephrology departments of two hospitals and one private consultancy of physiotherapy in Valencia (Spain). SUBJECTS: Forty-six patients suffering from renal lithiasis...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532913/the-subcostal-nerve-during-lateral-approaches-to-the-lumbar-spine-anatomic-study-with-relevance-for-injury-avoidance-and-postoperative-complications-such-as-abdominal-wall-hernia
#5
Fernando Alonso, Rachel Graham, Tarush Rustagi, Doniel Drazin, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Lateral approaches to the spine have gained popularity. However, details of the innervation pattern of the abdominal oblique muscles with the initial dissection have not been well-studied. METHODS: Ten adult fresh-frozen cadavers (20 sides) were placed in the lateral position. On each side, the region where transpsoas approaches are performed, between the iliac crest and 12th rib, was dissected. The nerves, their course and muscular supply were studied...
May 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515534/quadratus-lumborum-block-for-post-caesarean-analgesia
#6
Sukhyanti Kerai, Kirti Nath Saxena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515533/bilateral-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-post-caesarean-analgesia
#7
Abhijit Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512101/novel-use-of-combination-of-electromyography-and-ultrasound-to-guide-quadratus-lumborum-block-after-open-appendicectomy
#8
Cormac F Mullins, Conor O'Brien, Therese C O'Connor
The quadratus lumborum (QL) block facilitates the administration of anaesthesia to the anterior abdominal wall. The use of ultrasound (US) improves the accuracy of the QL block and reduces the risk of adverse events. Electromyography (EMG) in combination with US for muscle plane blocks has not been described previously. We postulated that the addition of EMG-guided needle positioning might assist the execution of this block. This case report describes the first use of combined needle EMG and US to carry out a QL block performed for postoperative analgesia following an open appendicectomy...
May 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476110/restriction-in-lateral-bending-range-of-motion-lumbar-lordosis-and-hamstring-flexibility-predicts-the-development-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#9
Sean G Sadler, Martin J Spink, Alan Ho, Xanne Janse De Jonge, Vivienne H Chuter
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is an increasingly common condition worldwide with significant costs associated with its management. Identification of musculoskeletal risk factors that can be treated clinically before the development of LBP could reduce costs and improve the quality of life of individuals. Therefore the aim was to systematically review prospective cohort studies investigating lower back and / or lower limb musculoskeletal risk factors in the development of LBP. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to February 2016...
May 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453451/sensitivity-for-palpating-lumbopelvic-soft-tissues-and-bony-landmarks-and-its-associated-factors-a-single-blinded-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#10
Ana Paula Antunes Ferreira, Luciana Cid Póvoa, José Fernando Cardona Zanier, Dequitier Carvalho Machado, Arthur de Sá Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the diagnostic performance of palpatory methods and possible confounding factors is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To examine the sensitivity of palpatory methods for location of lumbopelvic landmarks and to assess its association with personal characteristics. METHODS: Eighty-three participants (41 men, 55.6 (16.5) years, 25.9 (4.8) kg/m2 [mean (SD)]) were enrolled in this single-blinded study. Fourteen body and softy-tissue landmarks were sequentially palpated from the spinous process of L4 to the ischial tuberosity...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416174/-ultrasound-guided-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-analgesia-after-cesarean-delivery-case-series
#11
Ilana Sebbag, Fatemah Qasem, Shalini Dhir
INTRODUCTION: The majority of women having planned cesarean section receive spinal anesthesia for the procedure. Typically, spinal opioids are administered during the same time as a component of multimodal analgesia to provide pain relief in the 16-24h period postoperatively. The quadratus lumborum block is a regional analgesic technique that blocks T5-L1 nerve branches and has an evolving role in postoperative analgesia for lower abdominal surgeries and may be a potential alternative to spinal opioids...
April 14, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277325/the-pathway-of-injectate-spread-with-the-transmuscular-quadratus-lumborum-block-a-cadaver-study
#12
Mette Dam, Bernhard Moriggl, Christian K Hansen, Romed Hoermann, Thomas F Bendtsen, Jens Børglum
BACKGROUND: The spread of injectate resulting from a transmuscular quadratus lumborum (TQL) block and a transverse oblique paramedian (TOP) TQL block has never been examined. The aim of this cadaveric study was to investigate by which pathway the injectate spreads cephalad into the thoracic paravertebral space and which nerves were dyed by the injectate cephalad and caudad to the diaphragm when performing a TQL and a TOP TQL block. We also aimed to investigate whether the thoracic and lumbar sympathetic trunks as well as the lumbar plexus were covered by the injectate...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271614/predicting-football-injuries-using-size-and-ratio-of-the-multifidus-and-quadratus-lumborum-muscles
#13
J A Hides, W R Stanton
Deficits in muscles of the lumbo-pelvic region, such as a relatively small multifidus muscle, have been used to predict lower limb injuries in professional football players. Results have been less consistent for the size of the quadratus lumborum (QL) muscle. Changes in size of the multifidus and QL muscles could be functionally related to each other, and modeling this relationship could improve prediction of lower limb injuries. Ultrasound imaging examinations were performed on male elite football players at the start of the Australian Football League (AFL) pre-season and playing season...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158957/trunk-muscle-characteristics-of-the-multifidi-erector-spinae-psoas-and-quadratus-lumborum-in-older-adults-with-and-without-chronic-low-back-pain
#14
J Megan Sions, James M Elliott, Ryan T Pohlig, Gregory E Hicks
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Objective To determine whether there are differences in trunk muscle characteristics between older adults with and without chronic low back pain (LBP), while controlling for age, sex, and body mass index. Background Muscle support for the trunk is provided by the multifidi, erector spinae, psoas, and quadratus lumborum. Trunk muscle characteristics may be altered with aging and/or chronic LBP. To date, most trunk muscle research has been conducted among younger adults. Given age-related muscle changes, such as reduced size and increased intramuscular fat, studies are needed in older adults, including those comparing older adults with and without LBP...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158152/effects-of-dry-needling-on-spinal-mobility-and-trigger-points-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#15
Adelaida Maria Castro-Sanchez, Hector Garcia-Lopez, Guillermo A Mataran-Penarrocha, Manuel Fernandez-Sanchez, Cayetano Fernandez-Sola, Jose Granero-Molina, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: The etiology of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is inconclusive, but central mechanisms are well accepted for this pain condition. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal pain diseases and is characterized by myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). It has been suggest that MTrPs have an important factor in the genesis of FMS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of dry needling versus cross tape on spinal mobility and MTrPs in spinal muscles in patients with FMS...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154824/ultrasound-guided-quadratus-lumborum-block-an-updated-review-of-anatomy-and-techniques
#16
REVIEW
Hironobu Ueshima, Hiroshi Otake, Jui-An Lin
Purpose of Review. Since the original publication on the quadratus lumborum (QL) block, the technique has evolved significantly during the last decade. This review highlights recent advances in various approaches for administering the QL block and proposes directions for future research. Recent Findings. The QL block findings continue to become clearer. We now understand that the QL block has several approach methods (anterior, lateral, posterior, and intramuscular) and the spread of local anesthetic varies with each approach...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137401/secondary-hyperalgesia-occurs-regardless-of-unilateral-or-bilateral-knee-osteoarthritis-involvement-in-individuals-with-mild-or-moderate-level
#17
Vanessa Martins Pereira Silva Moreira, Saulo Delfino Barboza, Juliana Borges Oliveira, Janser Moura Pereira, Valdeci Carlos Dionisio
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperalgesia in individuals with less severe levels of knee osteoarthritis remains unclear. The objective of this study was to measure the pressure pain threshold of individuals with mild or moderate knee osteoarthritis and compare with no osteoarthritis. METHODS: Ten healthy controls and 30 individuals with mild or moderate knee osteoarthritis divided into two groups (unilateral and bilateral involvement) were included. Dermatomes in lumbar levels (L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5) and sacral level (S1 and S2), myotomes (vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, adductor longus, tibialis anterior, peroneus longus, iliacus, quadratus lumborum, and popliteus muscles), and sclerotomes in lumbar levels (L1-L2, L2-L3, L3-L4, L4-L5 supraspinous ligaments), over the L5-S1 and S1-S2 sacral areas, pes anserinus bursae, and at the patellar tendon pressure pain threshold were assessed and compared between individuals with and without knee osteoarthritis...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098413/dermatomal-spread-following-posterior-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-pediatric-patients-our-initial-experience
#18
Maria A Hernandez, Tricia Vecchione, Karen Boretsky
INTRODUCTION: Several techniques for the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block have been described. The extent of sensory changes using an ultrasound-guided posterior TAP block (pTAP) remains unclear in pediatric patients. The primary aim of this study was to report the extent of sensory changes achieved with pTAP; specifically the highest thoracic dermatome anesthetized. Secondary outcomes were pain scores (PS), opioid consumption, and complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients less than 21 years of age undergoing abdominal surgery with a unilateral or bilateral pTAP(s) for postoperative analgesia...
March 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090418/the-forgotten-lumbocostal-ligament-anatomical-study-with-application-to-thoracolumbar-surgery
#19
Erfanul Saker, Gabrielle G Tardieu, Fernando Alonso, Beom Sun Chung, Christian Fisahn, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Most ligaments of the human body have been well studied. However, the lumbocostal ligament has received little attention in the extant medical literature and, to our knowledge, has not undergone anatomical study. Therefore, the present study was performed to better characterize this structure's anatomy and relationships. METHODS: In the prone position, 10 adult cadavers underwent dissection of their lumbocostal ligaments. All specimens were unembalmed and had no history of surgery to the spine...
December 11, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036319/quadratus-lumborum-block-as-an-alternative-to-lumbar-plexus-block-for-hip-surgery-a-report-of-2-cases
#20
Luca La Colla, Bruce Ben-David, Rita Merman
Quadratus lumborum (QL) block was first described several years ago, but few articles have been published regarding this technique, for the most part case series involving abdominal surgery. We report 2 cases of prolonged, extensive block of thoracic and lumbar dermatomes after QL block in patients undergoing different hip surgery procedures for whom QL block was used in place of lumbar plexus block. Further prospective studies comparing these 2 techniques are necessary to better characterize the role of QL block in hip surgery...
January 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
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