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Quadratus lumborum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934633/association-of-low-back-pain-with-muscle-stiffness-and-muscle-mass-of-the-lumbar-back-muscles-and-sagittal-spinal-alignment-in-young-and-middle-aged-medical-workers
#1
Mitsuhiro Masaki, Tomoki Aoyama, Takashi Murakami, Ko Yanase, Xiang Ji, Hiroshige Tateuchi, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Muscle stiffness of the lumbar back muscles in low back pain (LBP) patients has not been clearly elucidated because quantitative assessment of the stiffness of individual muscles was conventionally difficult. This study aimed to examine the association of LBP with muscle stiffness assessed using ultrasonic shear wave elastography (SWE) and muscle mass of the lumbar back muscle, and spinal alignment in young and middle-aged medical workers. METHODS: The study comprised 23 asymptomatic medical workers [control (CTR) group] and 9 medical workers with LBP (LBP group)...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879571/risk-factors-for-non-contact-injury-in-adolescent-cricket-pace-bowlers-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Mitchell R L Forrest, Jeffrey J Hebert, Brendan R Scott, Stefano Brini, Alasdair R Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Adolescent cricket pace bowlers are prone to injury. Recognising the risk factors for non-contact injury in this population will aid future injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for non-contact injury in adolescent cricket pace bowlers. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and the South African Journal of Sports Medicine to identify all experimental and observational studies reporting risk factors for non-contact injuries in pace bowlers (aged 12-19 years)...
September 6, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802593/evaluation-of-ultrasound-guided-posterior-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-after-laparoscopic-gynecologic-surgery
#3
Junichi Ishio, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Haruki Kido, Toshiaki Minami
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of ultrasound-guided posterior quadratus lumborum block (QLB) in treating postoperative pain following laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. PATIENTS: Seventy adult patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic gynaecological surgery under general anesthesia. INTERVENTION: This randomized controlled study involved two groups of adult females who were scheduled to undergo laparoscopic gynecologic surgery under general anesthesia...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801988/prompt-scanning-and-quantification-of-lumbar-muscles-seeing-the-butterly
#4
Eda Gürçay, Murat Kara, Bayram Kaymak, Abdullah Ruhi Soylu, Levent Özçakar
We have taken interest in the article by Hides and Stanton which has been published in your journal (Hides et al., 2017). First, we congratulate the authors for their effort in calling attention to the use of ultrasound (US) for scanning the multifidus and quadratus lumborum (QL) muscles. Errors in quantification might stem mainly from two reasons; failure to capture an appropriate image and failure to technically quantify it (Özçakar et al., 2011 and 2013). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
August 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759502/quadratus-lumborum-block-versus-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-children-undergoing-low-abdominal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Gözen Öksüz, Bora Bilal, Yavuz Gürkan, Aykut Urfalioğlu, Mahmut Arslan, Gökçe Gişi, Hafize Öksüz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Truncal blocks have a place within multimodal analgesia techniques in abdominal surgery. The quadratus lumborum block is a new abdominal truncal block used for somatic analgesia of both the upper and lower abdomen. In this prospective, double-blind, randomized study, we aimed to compare quadratus lumborum block and transversus abdominis plane block in pediatric patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery. METHODS: Fifty-three children undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair or orchiopexy surgery were randomized into 2 groups: transversus abdominis plane block and quadratus lumborum block...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756538/quantitative-anatomy-of-the-growing-quadratus-lumborum-in-the-human-foetus
#6
Magdalena Grzonkowska, Mariusz Baumgart, Mateusz Badura, Małgorzata Dombek, Marcin Wiśniewski, Monika Paruszewska-Achtel, Michał Szpinda
PURPOSES: The purpose of the study was to quantitatively evaluate the size of the quadratus lumborum and to precisely display its growth dynamics in the human foetus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using anatomical dissection, digital-image analysis (NIS Elements AR 3.0) and statistical analysis (Student's t test, regression analysis), the length, width, surface area, and cross-sectional area of the quadratus lumborum were measured, and the width-to-length ratio was calculated in 58 human foetuses of both sexes (26♂, 32♀) aged 16-27 weeks...
July 29, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756299/is-the-size-and-composition-of-the-paraspinal-muscles-associated-with-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Tom A Ranger, Flavia M Cicuttini, Tue Secher Jensen, Waruna L Peiris, Sultana Monira Hussain, Jessica Fairley, Donna M Urquhart
Background Context Although previous studies have investigated the association between paraspinal muscle morphology and low back pain (LBP), the results are conflicting. Purpose This systematic review examined the relationship between size and composition of the paraspinal muscles and LBP. Study design/ setting: Systematic review Patient sample: N/A Outcome measures: N/A Methods A systematic search of electronic databases was conducted to identify studies investigating the association between the cross-sectional area and/or fatty infiltration of the paraspinal muscles (erector spinae, multifidus, psoas and quadratus lumborum) and LBP...
July 26, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731927/injectate-spread-following-anterior-sub-costal-and-posterior-approaches-to-the-quadratus-lumborum-block-a-comparative-cadaveric-study
#8
Hesham Elsharkawy, Kariem El-Boghdadly, Sree Kolli, Wael A S Esa, Sean DeGrande, Loran M Soliman, Richard L Drake
BACKGROUND: The dermatomal level of analgesia achieved with quadratus lumborum blocks varies according to the location of injection. The most commonly used approaches are either at the postero-lateral aspect or anterior to the quadratus lumborum muscle. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the site of injection of contrast dye around the quadratus lumborum muscle of cadavers affects the extent and mechanism of dye spread. DESIGN: Observational human cadaver study...
September 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679202/the-ultrasound-guided-transmuscular-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-perioperative-analgesia-in-open-nephrectomy-a-case-report
#9
Ruggero M Corso, Emanuele Piraccini, Massimiliano Sorbello, Daniele Bellantonio, Mario Tedesco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654429/quadratus-lumborum-spares-paravertebral-space-in-fresh-cadaver-injection
#10
Amanda Kumar, Neda Sadeghi, Chris Wahal, Jeff Gadsden, Stuart A Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632686/quadratus-lumborum-1-and-transversalis-fascia-blocks-different-names-for-the-same-posterior-pararenal-space-block
#11
Olivier Choquet, Xavier Capdevila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609336/extravasated-fluid-in-hip-arthroscopy-and-pain-is-quadratus-lumborum-block-the-answer
#12
Bruce Ben-David, Luca La Colla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549524/-quadratus-lumborum-block-are-we-aware-of-its-side-effects-a-report-of-2-cases
#13
Miguel Sá, José Miguel Cardoso, Hugo Reis, Marta Esteves, José Sampaio, Isabel Gouveia, Pilar Carballada, Célia Pinheiro, Duarte Machado
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The quadratus lumborum block was initially described in 2007 and aims at blocking the same nerves as the ones involved on the Transverse Abdominis Plane block, while accomplishing some visceral enervation as well due to closer proximity with the neuroaxis and sympathetic trunk. Given its versatility, we have successfully used it in a wide range of procedures. We report two cases where we believe the dispersion of local anesthetic is likely to have led to a previously undescribed complication...
May 23, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537418/short-term-changes-in-algometry-inclinometry-stabilometry-and-urinary-ph-analysis-after-a-thoracolumbar-junction-manipulation-in-patients-with-kidney-stones
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ángel Oliva Pascual-Vaca, Ramón Punzano-Rodríguez, Pablo Escribá-Astaburuaga, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, François Ricard, Maria Angeles Franco-Sierra, Cleofás Rodríguez-Blanco
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of a high-velocity low-amplitude manipulation of the thoracolumbar junction in different urologic and musculoskeletal parameters in subjects suffering from renal lithiasis. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled blinded clinical study. SETTINGS/LOCATION: The Nephrology departments of two hospitals and one private consultancy of physiotherapy in Valencia (Spain). SUBJECTS: Forty-six patients suffering from renal lithiasis...
August 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532913/the-subcostal-nerve-during-lateral-approaches-to-the-lumbar-spine-an-anatomical-study-with-relevance-for-injury-avoidance-and-postoperative-complications-such-as-abdominal-wall-hernia
#15
Fernando Alonso, Rachel Graham, Tarush Rustagi, Doniel Drazin, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman, R Shane Tubbs
BACKGROUND: Lateral approaches to the spine are increasing in popularity. However, details of the innervation pattern of the abdominal oblique muscles with the initial dissection have not been well studied. METHODS: Ten adult fresh-frozen cadavers (20 sides) were placed in the lateral position. On each side, the region in which transpsoas approaches are performed, between the iliac crest and the 12th rib, was dissected. The nerves, their course, and their muscular supply were studied...
August 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515534/quadratus-lumborum-block-for-post-caesarean-analgesia
#16
Sukhyanti Kerai, Kirti Nath Saxena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515533/bilateral-quadratus-lumborum-block-for-post-caesarean-analgesia
#17
Abhijit Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512101/novel-use-of-combination-of-electromyography-and-ultrasound-to-guide-quadratus-lumborum-block-after-open-appendicectomy
#18
Cormac F Mullins, Conor O'Brien, Therese C O'Connor
The quadratus lumborum (QL) block facilitates the administration of anaesthesia to the anterior abdominal wall. The use of ultrasound (US) improves the accuracy of the QL block and reduces the risk of adverse events. Electromyography (EMG) in combination with US for muscle plane blocks has not been described previously. We postulated that the addition of EMG-guided needle positioning might assist the execution of this block. This case report describes the first use of combined needle EMG and US to carry out a QL block performed for postoperative analgesia following an open appendicectomy...
May 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476110/restriction-in-lateral-bending-range-of-motion-lumbar-lordosis-and-hamstring-flexibility-predicts-the-development-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#19
Sean G Sadler, Martin J Spink, Alan Ho, Xanne Janse De Jonge, Vivienne H Chuter
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is an increasingly common condition worldwide with significant costs associated with its management. Identification of musculoskeletal risk factors that can be treated clinically before the development of LBP could reduce costs and improve the quality of life of individuals. Therefore the aim was to systematically review prospective cohort studies investigating lower back and / or lower limb musculoskeletal risk factors in the development of LBP. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and the Cochrane Library were searched from inception to February 2016...
May 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453451/sensitivity-for-palpating-lumbopelvic-soft-tissues-and-bony-landmarks-and-its-associated-factors-a-single-blinded-diagnostic-accuracy-study
#20
A P A Ferreira, L C Póvoa, J F C Zanier, D C Machado, A S Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the diagnostic performance of palpatory methods and possible confounding factors is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To examine the sensitivity of palpatory methods for location of lumbopelvic landmarks and to assess its association with personal characteristics. METHODS: Eighty-three participants (41 men, 55.6 (16.5) years, 25.9 (4.8) kg/m2 [mean (SD)]) were enrolled in this single-blinded study. Fourteen body and softy-tissue landmarks were sequentially palpated from the spinous process of L4 to the ischial tuberosity...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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